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instead of 60,000 or 70,000, industrious quirements of a barbarous race; but it natives, it would be by so much the richer can never be made an instrument of refined and more prosperous. Many of the bad thought or adapted to the higher purposes customs still infesting the native com- of life. Great stress is therefore properly munity are the results of ignorance and laid upon the acquirement of the English the remnants of their savage life; and the language as one of the most effectual local Government, in a.spirit of humanity methods of amalgamating the two people; not less than of self-interest, would do and for this purpose the schools must be well if it adopted an aggressive policy on brought to the natives, and not the natives subjects so intimately connected with the to the schools. The education of Maori fature welfare of the colony. A distribu- men is, however, of far more importance, tion of short tracts, pointing out the evils in the first instance, than the education of of the existing mode of life, and its inevita- Maori women. In civilized life, the woman ble consequences, followed up by stationary may be said, in a general sense, to raise instructors in the arts of civilized life, lo- the husband to her own level; but the rule cated in model houses in the neighbour- does not hold true in the case of a semihood of the tribes, and salaried to teach barbarous people. The inferior position of the natives the art of building convenient women, and the generally low estimation habitations for themselves, and to inspire in which they are still held, notwithstandthem with a taste for our domestic com- ing their disproportion to the other sex, is at forts, would, in a very short time, produce present one of the most unsatisfactory feaa decided effect upon their social state. tures in the social condition of the country. Considering,' as an intelligent colonist A much greater progress must yet be remarks, what the Maori was a few years made in civilization before there can be a since, and seeing what by example he has complete amalgamation of the Maori with already become, if we can only preserve the colonist population. There is at the him a little longer, we may reasonably present time rather a disposition, perhaps, hope to give him a fresh lease of life, to to deprecate such an event both on politiincrease his numbers, and to see bin a cal and moral grounds. The supremacy of robust cottager and hardy yeoman—the the English race depends, it has been said, colony's wealth in peace, the colony's on the preservation of its purity, and any strength in war

infusion of native blood would disqualify “ The nerve, support, and glory of the land.” 1

it for rule; that this peculiarity has dis

tinguished English settlers abroad from all The native peasant is a finely-propor- other nations, and that by this means alone tioned, muscular man, averaging five feet they preserve their manners and morals ten in height, and weighing from eleven to untainted, their character unchanged, and twelve stone; and, if the example set by their pristine vigour unimpaired. Our our Canadian province should be followed empire in India and its preservation are in our other colonies, and enlistment in said to result from this peculiarity, and the regular army should be encouraged by that where other nations have coalesced the Government, there can be no doubt with the people whom they conquered, that New Zealand could produce some of they were either absorbed in their overthe finest soldiers in our service.

whelming numbers or underwent a rapid The edncation of the native race appears deterioration. But amalgamation in New to be making slow, but satisfactory pro- Zealand may conduct to very different regress, considering the great difficulties to sults, and abundant examples might be be overcome. The dispersion of the popu- cited of an intermixture of races which lation over a wide area necessarily throws produced the happiest effects. The type impediments in the way of systematic in- of humanity in New Zealand is of a high struction. It has been found necessary, order. A few marriages have already both on account of the distances from taken place between educated Europeans which they are collected, and as an induce and native girls. A rangatira, or chiet's ment to the natives to part with their daughter, with her rich and lustrous beauty, children, to board and clothe gratuitously soft expressive eyes, glossy hair, and graceall the pupils. A considerable amount of ful step, if encountered unexpectedly in indifference has yet to be overcome before one of her native glens, is a figure the Maori can be induced to regard education as one of his essential wants. Civiliza

* To haunt, to startle, and waylay.' tion cannot be carried beyond a very short The early New Zealand whalers and stage by means of the aboriginal tongue. squatters generally took Maori wives or The Maori language sufficed for the re- mistresses, and the progeny of this inter

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course is a handsome race of half-castes the disciplined troops of Great Britain. numbering about 500. A native girl makes He brought the war to a speedy and an a most important step in advance of her honourable termination. By acquiring the country-women when she quits her ances- native language he was enabled to comtral roof and espouses a European hus-municate freely with the people, and by a band. Flattered by his choice, raised in rare combination of tact, firmness, and her own estimation, and proud of her in- generosity, he obtained an extraordinary fluence, she teaches him her soft language, ascendency over them. He governed the and fascinates him by her simple wiles; and country to their entire satisfaction, and intreated with a respect and tenderness she spired all classes with the most unbounded had never before experienced from man, she attachment. His was, in its truest sense, a repays bis attachment by the most un bound paternal rule; and these fierce warriors ed devotion, and her fidelity is as steadfast manifested towards him the undoubting as the mountain that overlooks her home. confidence and simple affection of children. But the young emigrant must not imagine On his departure the following address that he will find a Haidee in the family of was signed by all the principal chiets of every chief ready to surrender her heart | the Northern Ísland, and was accompanied at the first glance of admiration from an by the most precious gitts that native interesting stranger. Marriage in New chiets could bestow--the heirlooms of their Zealand, as elsewhere, is very much a families, which they stated their ancestors matter of bargain and sale. A chief con- had brought with them when they first siders himself entitled to his utu, or consi- occupied the islands of New Zealand. deration for the gift of his daughter's

Otaki, New Zealand, July 12, 1858. hand, and the sum demanded will depend upon the opinion he may form of the friend! it is only now that the sudden news of

Alas! O Governor, our kind and faithful wealth of his future relation. But a gen- your departure for England have reached us. tleman who marries a Maori belle may, un- This, together with the probability that we may fortunately, be said also to adopt her tribe. never again see you, has caused us much sorrow All the relations of his wife conceive them and regret, especially that you yourself, held as selves entitled to make the husband's you are in bigh estimation by the native inbabit. house a home, and often tax his hospitality, ants throughout the length and breadth of New temper, and purse to such an extent that Zealand, shall leave us perhaps for ever. We have he is obliged to fly to some distant pro- Christ Jesus our Saviour. Having presided over

a very sincere regard for you, in and through vince that he may escape from the most us for now seven years, and having experienced oppressive attentions.

the good effects of your kind offices towarıls us Of all the aborigines with which our ex. and the Europeans also, our thoughts had been tensive colonization has brought us in con- that you should remain, and with parental care tact, those of New Zealand are, beyond watch over us here and over the whole population doubt, the most promising. The natives of these islands. As it is, your God and ours has of Australia had fallen too low in barbar- in his wisdom seen fit to cause your return to

your native soil. Even so, let it be thus; yet ism to give much hope that they could be let it be permitted to us to bid farewell to our brought within the pale of civilization. kind governor and friend. O then, father, come They shrunk from its aspect, and fled at now, speed thy way, ihon the successful ruler its first advances into the wilderness. of these New Zealand islands. Go then, father, With the natives of New Zealand the case

with our well wishes, hence to thy native land

Go was reversed; they welcomed the har- and to thy near relatives and friends. bingers of civilization with cordiality, and hence, go to thiy Sovereign, and to ours,-the

Queen. Forget not us, bear us in mind; frehave emerged from their savage state with quently look back upon us and in kindness rean astonishing rapidity. Much of this member us; and if, o governor, benefactor, and marvellous progress is unquestionably due friend, it should be thy determination to remain to the peculiar advantages which they de- in thy native land, use thy influence so that, in rived from the indefatigable labours of the appointment of a guvernor as thy successor, that able man who, fortunately for huma- one may be sent who, like thee in acts of love, vity and civilization, was appointed to go may preside over the natives as well as the Euvern them at a very critical epoch. Sir ropeans residing in New Zealand.' George Grey entered upon his arduous of- After this address had been read all the fice at a time when the country was in a chietis joined in singing a poem, composed state of most formidable insurrection. The or adapted for the occasion, a copy of affairs of the colony had been mismanaged, which was attached to the address. The and a war of races had commenced in scene is said to have been higbly impreswhich the chiefs had tried their strength, sive, and the feeling exhibited to have unfortunately with some success, against deeply affected all present.

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think proper, a large revenue raised by taxation

from the great majority of her subjects of an'Lo! yonder mountain stands

other race..... There is no nation in the world Pakelika, whose towering peak

more sensitive opon the subject of money matPeeps out, enwrapped in sombre cloud. ters than the natives of these islands; and no Itself the path by which

people in the world that I am acquainted with The darling object of our heart

less likely to sit down quietly under what they Goes on his way.

may regurd as injustice. They are, at present, Oh then

certainly not fitted to take a share in a reprePause for one inoment—there,

sentative form of government, but each year Cast back one glance on us,

they will become more fitted to do so, and each Thus to receive one fond,

year the numerical difference between the two One last fond look.

races will become less strikiog; so that a great Thy love came first, not ours;

advantage will be gained by delaying, even for Thou didst first bebold

a few years, the introduction of the proposed With favour and regard

constitution ipto New Zealand."* The meanest of our race; Hence then, it is

It is but justice to Earl Grey to state The heart o'erflows, the eye,

that at once admitted the force of this Bedewed with tears, desires

reasoning, thanked the Governor in the To catch one fond, one parting glance most handsome terms for pointing out Ere thou art lost to sight for ever,

his error, frankly admitted his mistake, Oh! for ever!'

and took immediate steps for suspending

the charter. The Bill conferring a constitutional go

After an interval of six years the

prevernment on New Zealand passed the British Parliament during the short ad in the colony. It consists of a Governor,

sent form of government was established ministration of the Earl of Derby in 1853. It confers representative institutions, and appointed by and representing the Crown,

a nominated Legislative Council composed ample powers of self-government, on the of fifteen members, and a House of Repre60,000 colonists of New Zealand, and sentatives consisting of thirty-six menunever probably were the destinies of so fine and large à country committed to the chise is conferred upon every adult colo

bers, elected every five years. The franguidance of so small a number of men. nist or native owner of a freehold worth Ån attempt had been made some years 501.

, or leaseholder of an estate of 101. apreviously, at the time Earl Grey held the seals of the Colonial Department, to create year, or town tenant householder of 101. a representative government in New Zea- a-year, or county tenant householder of

A veto is reserved to the land, but it was exceedingly ill-timed, and Queen to be exercised within two years the measure was withdrawn at the urgent from the passing of any colonial act. The solicitation of Sir George Grey, who de colony is divided into seven provinces, and monstrated by the most convincing rea- each province is governed by a provincial soning that the colony was then quite un.

council composed of an officer called a prepared for the change. There were fundamental mistakes both in the princi- elected by the provincial population.

superintendent and certain councillors ples and details of the constitution. It Such is a brief epitome of the present virtually excluded the native population constitution of New Zealand. from the franchise by giving votes only to those who could read and write the Eng; must be watched with great interest in

The working of this political machinery lish language, while a great proportion of this country. Setting aside the provincial the people could read and write their own language fluently! Sir George Grey, in dies in the nature of rural municipalities,

councils, which were intended to form bohis energetic protest, pointed out this the constitution of New Zealand bears a anomaly in a tone of strong reprobation.

considerable resemblance to that of the

mother country. The Governor imper• Her Majesty,' he said, ' will not, as it is intended by this constitution, confer upon her sonates the Queen, but takes a more disubjects the inestimable advantages of free go- rect part in public affairs; the Legislative vernment, but she will give to a small fraction Councillors are, as it were, Peers for life, of her subjects of one race the power of govern- and the House of Representatives is an ing the large majority of her subjects of another elected House of Commons; while the race. She will not give to her suljects the Ministry leans directly upon the reprevaluable privilege of appropriating, as they may sentatives of the people for support. think proper, the funds raised from themselves by taxation, but she will give to a small minority * Despatch from Governor Grey to Earl Grey, of one race the power of appropriating as they May, 1847.

51. a-year.

• Ministerial responsibility' was the first the part to which they are entitled in the question raised in the House of Represen- government of their native land, and the tatives, and a collision took place upon it power to which they have hitherto looked between the executive and the popular for protection is now reduced almost to a branch of the Legislature in the first year political nonentity. But the abstract right of the assembling of the New Zealand of the imperial legislature to modify, susParliament. The colonists declared that pend, or annul the constitutions which it without this guarantee for the harmonious has conceled is as unquestionable as the working of the new constitution, repre right to confer them, should they become sentative institutions would be but a mock- depositories of injustice or be made the ery, and bear but a faint resemblance to instruments of oppression.* We are far, those of the mother country. They in- however, from intending to intimate the sisted upon the virtual appointment of the probable necessity of such a course in reMinistry by requiring the Governor to ference to New Zealand, where the chaselect for his cabinet such gentlemen as racter of the British population affords, possessed the confidence of the House of we trust, the surest guarantee for the huRepresentatives, and partook of its predo manity and justice of the government. minant opinions. This was undoubtedly No chief, that we are aware of, has yet in strict conformity with the practice of thought of asking a constituency for the constitutional states, and a concession they honour of a seat in the House of Reprenot unreasonably expected to complete sentatives. The natives were quite satisthe resemblance of their own government fied with the old form of government; the to that of the British legislature. During chiefs had always ready access to the the infancy of a British colony the govern- Governor, and, as their representations ment is an absolute monarchy; but were attentively heard and considered, when representative institutions have been they had practically some control over the granted, it is not long satisfied with being administration. Under the present conruled by an irresponsible executive; and stitution they have lost their power; and having secured the power of making the when they discover that the Governor no laws, its next object is to control their ad- longer possesses his former authority, it is ministration. In the early stage of colo- to be feared that he will lose much of his nial self-government the subordination of importance. With the natives of New the representative of the Crown to a local Zealand especially,' says the late Attorneyparliament is doubtless very difficult to General for the colony, "" fine feathers » realise. A statesman of high rank, great by no means make “fine birds,” and it experience, and perhaps with a policy of neither satisfies the masculine understandhis own, must at first be greatly perplexed ing of this sagacious people, nor is it their by his anomalous position. In Canada, practice, to dress up a lay figure with where the principle of self-government feathers and red ochre and then regard it was, from the first, pushed to its extreme as their king; the visible and vigorous limits, Sir Charles Bagot and Lord Met- exercise of power is absolutely necessary calfe both strenuously resisted the popu- to sustain amongst them the character of lar demands, and refused to be reduced to a chief. The course suggested by the political ciphers, or to be made the mere present Governor, of retaining the governinstruments of a colonial assembly. Yet ment of the native population in his hands, they were obliged to succumb, for such bas, we are glad to find, received the apwas the logical necessity of their position; proval of the home authorities; and, if and in that position the heads of all con- bis influence is to be maintained, it is stitutional colonial governments bave now clear that he must have the power and scarcely any alternative but to acqniesce. the means of promoting the interests of The veto reserved to the Crown cannot the Maories so far as they are clearly disbe exercised by the Governor, and the tinct from those of the Europeans. effective power of the State is lodged in The seven provinces into which New the body that grants the supplies. Whe- Zealand has been divided differ considerather the grant of a parliamentary consti- bly in climate and agricultural capabilities, tution to New Zealand was prudent in the but they all offer very attractive fields for peculiar social condition of that country colonization. The chief characteristics of admits of very considerable doubt. Å the province of Auckland are a warmer large body of landed proprietors and a climate, the presence of nearly two rds population long accustomed to independence are there incapable, by reason of The suspension of the constitution of Jamaica their dispersion and their habits, of taking in 1839 will readily occur to our readers.


of the native population of the country, in wheat and wool is considerable. The the possession of the valuable Kauri for- new province of Hawke Bay, formerly a ests, and the absence of great pastoral portion of the Wellington province, situplains. Having been first colonized and ated on the east coast of the North Island, made the seat of government, this pro- was created by the General Assembly in vince is socially in a more advanced state 1858, for the purpose of extending the printhan any of the others. The situation of ciple of self-government to the settlers in the capital is imposing, and occupies one that remote district. It is smaller than the of the finest commercial sites in the world. Taranaki province, and contains 4000 naIt has often been compared to Corinth, tives and about 2000 settlers. The climate planted on a narrow isthmus between two is described as most delightful. The soil noble harbours and outlets to the ocean, is fertile, and already numerous sheep and the waters of which will doubtless be one cattle, the property of settlers and natives, day united by a canal. A cutting of four over its extensive plains. The miles would accomplish this, when a line capital has been named Napier, in honour of-battle ship might pass from sea to sea of the hero of Scinde. Nelson, the norththrough a channel the banks of which we ern province of the great Southern Island, can imagine studded, at no distant day, is a province of great capability, although with picturesque villas and gardens. Ta- it possesses a smaller proportion of good ranaki or New Plymouth is the smallest land than some others, but this is compenof the provinces, with an area of three sated by its mineral wealth in coal and millions of acres, not more than one-fiftieth copper, and, as recently proved, in gold, part of which has yet been acquired from by a profision of the finest harbours, and the natives. It was founded by an associa- | by a climate which no other part of New tion of Cornish and Devonshire gentlemen, Zealand possesses. The capital stands at and in soil, scenery, and climate, is proba- the bottom of a spacious bay, and shelbly unequalled, well meriting the title that tered from the cold south winds by a has been given to it—the Garden of New circle of lofty hills, enjoys a climate of Zealand. The taste for sylvan scenery Italian serenity, and is surrounded by and quiet rustic beauty is amply gratified scenery which in some of its teatures bears by a combination of stream and forest, no inconsiderable resemblance to the Bay glade and valley, and fields dotted with of Naples. Canterbury possesses an area cattle or waving with corn; while, for the of fifteen millions of acres, all of which admirers of scenery of a higher order, there have virtually been acquired from the is Mount Egmont, with its synimetrical form natives. The characteristics of the proand lofty summit, rising 8000 feet into the vince are-sparseness of the native popusky, its sides clothed with magnificent forests lation, a cooler climate, and immense pasof deep and never-failing verdure. Mount toral plains consisting of four millions of Egmont,' writes a lady, enchanted with acres, watered by twenty rivers, and exthe first aspect of her new home, “is worth tending, in a gentle rise, for a distance of a hundred a-year to any settler at New forty miles to the foot of the central bills. Plymouth! The settlement is described These vast plains are covered with a peras sougly planted on the margin of a beach, petual verdure of grasses and dwarf shrubs, embosomed amid gentle bills and watered and are remarkable for an entire absence by numerous streams, and displays its of wood and for a profusion of water. granite church and chapels, its little mills Otago, the southern province of the Southand snug hostelries, custom-house, post- ern Island, has an area of eighteen millions office, stores, and primitive shops, but of acres, all of which has been acquired

affecting no town airs, stands out before from the natives. Three-fourths of the the world a robust, hearty-looking village, province are supposed to consist of interfamed throughout the land for troops of spersed pastoral and wooded agricultural rosy children, pretty women, fat meat, and land of great fertility, and there is probarivers of Devonshire cream. Wellington bly no province of New Zealand capable is a province of great importance; it pos- of a greater annual export of wool, meat, sesses one barbour only, but that a very and corn. This is the youngest province magnificent one; and the capital, built on but one in the colony; the first settlement its shores, occupies the most central situa- was planted in 1818 by an association of tion in New Zealand. These advantages the members of the Free Kirk of Scotland. would naturally have marked it out as the Scotch 'nationality' is as much cultivated, capital of the colony, but they are greatly we fear, as some other products of the counteracted by its liability to earthqnakes 'Land of Cakes;' and the emigrants from and a boisterous climate. Its production the northern portion of our island seem

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