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verty at Montague College, Paris, 7; his noble

English pupils, ib.; driven by the plague from
Caedmon, anecdote of the Anglo-Saxon poet, 46. Paris, 8; his first visit to England, ib. ; learns
Calenture, disease called, 35.

Greek in Oxford to teach it in Cambridge,' 9;
Cannibalism of the Fijians, incredible extent of, proceeds to Italy, 10; obtains the degree of Doc-

tor at Turin, ib.; reception at Rome, 11; his in-
of the New Zealander3, 185.

tense abhorrence of war, ib.; returns to England,
Canterbury, New Zealand, description of, 195. 12; appointed Margaret Professor of Divinity and
Capital, effects of strikes on, 285.

Professor of Greek, 13;. disdain of nodern
Carlovingian romance, 257.

languages, ib.; characteristics of his style, 15;
. Cautions for the Times,' Bishop Fitzgerald's, re- sovereigns contend for his services, ib.; his cor-
commended, 250.

respondence with the sovereigns of Europe, 16;
Cave temples, Indian, 179.

his toleration of the Reformation, ib.; considered
Cephalopoda, orders of the class, 88.

as a reviver of classical learning, 17; as an op-
Charles I., story respecting the body of, 124.

ponent of the superstition of the Middle Ages,
II., his predilection for ballad music, 57. 18; as the parent of Biblical criticism, 20; as the
Chili, gradual upheaving of the coast of, 79.

founder of a more comprehensive theology, ib. ;
Cholsey barn, feat of thrashing in, 119.

his wish for a peaceful reformation, 21; wishes to
Church music, animadversion on, by Ælredus, Ab- extirpate all languages except Greek and Latin,
bot of Rivaulx, 51.

24; said to have owed his life to a fit of laughter,
Ciceronian Latin, anecdote of extraordinary at. his neutrality with respect to the Reforma-
tachment to, 17.

tion, 26; his controversy with Luther, 29; cha-
Civil war, morements in Berkshire during the racter of, 32.
great, 131.

Erdmann's Geological Map of Sweden, 94.
Coal, formation of, 78, 89.

Evans, Archdeacon, on Scripture Biography, 206.
Colet, Dean, his friendship with Erasmus, 8; his Evidences of Christianity, 231 (see Powell, Rev. B.);

school at St. Paul's, prophetic liberality of its summary of the, 250.

foundation, 14.
Colliers, strikes of the, 279.

Colloquies' of Erasmus, popularity of, 19.
Coltsfoot, propagation of, 282.
Combination laws proved useless, 271.

Farm Weeds, Essay on, 287; definition of a weed,

288; propagation and destruction of coltsfoot,
Concerts, origin of public, 56.
Coral islands, wonderful structure and number of

288, 289; utility of knowing the habits of wild
the, 100; ring-like form of, ib.; theories respect-

plants, 289; crow.garlic, ib.; table of the fecun-
ing, ib. ; steep sides and saucer-shaped summit

dity of weed-plants, 290; table of the ripening

of seeds, 291; the farmer his own weed.grower,
of Keeling's Island, 101.

ib.; adulteration in crop-seed, 292.
Crow.garlic, mistake of farmers respecting, 289.

Fijis, description of the, 112; contemplated British
Cumnor Hall, ruins of, 116.

occupation of the, ib.

France, naval force of, in the Pacific, 111.

French naval stations in the Pacific, 110.


Dandelion, the, in Australia, 288.

Datchet Bridge, legal contest respecting, 125.
David's character, analysis of, 223.

Geological maps, 92 ; survey of the United King-
Demoivre's The Doctrine of Chances applied to dom, ib.; of India, Victoria, and Tasmania, 95.
the Valuation of Lives,' 37.

Geology, progress of, 76; interior of the earth in a
Dibdin's sea-songs, reason of their decreasing popu- state of fusion, 77; primary, secondary, and ter-
larity, 57.

tiary rocks, 78: subdivision of the Palæozoic,
Dinotherium, fossil, 84.

Mesozoic, and Cainozoic epochs, ib. ; agency of
Disraeli, Mr., on two classes of Reformers, 303. fire from within, and water from without, on the
Dolman, Thomas, doggrel couplet on, 128.

crust of the globe, ib,; nature of stratified rocks,
Dunch, a favourite of Cromwell, 117.

79;areas of destruction and production, ib.; level-
D'Urfey, Tom, ballads of, 67.

ling power of moving water, ib.; elevation of
Dutton, the minstrel, gallantry of, 47.

surface the result of igneous action, ib. ;, upheav-

ing and depression of different countries, ib.; for-

mation of mountain chains accounted for, 80;

effect of igneous masses on coal, limestone, clay,
Earth, the, thickness of its crust, 77; spheroidal &c., forming metamorphic rocks, ib. ; (see Or-

form of, ib.; its specific gravity, ib.; its internal ganic fossils) difficulty of geological nomenclature,
temperature, ib.

90; classification and nomenclature fundamen-
Earthquakes, catalogue of, Mr. Mallett's, 80. tally chronological, 91.
Edinburgh, riots in, in 1881, 72.

Grabam, Mr. Cyril, on the Holy Land, 212.
Elephanta, temples of, 179.

Graunt, John, first analyses the bills of mortality, 34.
Ellesmere, Lord, and the Worsley colliers, 287. Greenland gradually sinking towards the sea level,
Equitable Assurance Company, early history of 79.
the, 38.

Grey, Sir G., his collection of works in the lan-
Erasmus, biographies of, 2; parentage and birth, 3; guages of Polynesia and South Africa, 102; his

bis name Gerard, Latinised into Desiderius, 4; collection of Maori poetry, 185; marvellous pro-
early predictions of his greatness, ib.; his training gress of New Zealand under, 192; address of the
at the school at Deventer, ib. ; learns Horace and New Zealanders on his departure, ib.
Terence by heart, ib.; injurious treatment at Bois Guilds and corporations, early, 269; apprenticeship
le Duc, 5; reluctance to embrace the life of the indispensable in, ib.; Shrewsbury cloth-frizers or
cloister, ib. ; seduced into holy orders, 6; Latin sheermen, 270; statute of apprentices, ib.
Secretary to the Bishop of Cambray, ib.; his po- Gun-boats, their importance for defensive purposes,
148 ; less liable to disaster than Jarge ships, ib. ; | Lyndhurst, Lord, his speech on the danger of inva.

facilities for building and manning them, ib. sion, 156.
Gurney's, Rev. J. H., Šermone, 206.



Machinery, new, a cause of strikes, 276.

Mammalian animals, 85.
Hall, Basil, adventure of, 69.

Maories, native inhabitants of New Zealand, 183.
Hallam, A. H., commemorated by Tennyson's 'In Marquesas Islands, taken possession of by the
Memoriam,' 252.

French, 108.
Halley's tables of the duration of human life, 85. Maud, the Empress, Latin couplet over her grave,
Hamilton Tighe, foundation of the legend of, 116. 121.
Highnam Court, Gothic church at, 172.

Mecca, rebuilding of the temple at, 178.
Holyoake's Reasoner,' mode of refuting, 248. Megalosauri, 85.
Hutten, Ulric, his verses 'In tempora Julii,' 11; his Miller, Hugh, on strikes, 281.
character and contest with Erasmus, 24.

Minstrel • Kings,' payments to, 48.

Monro, Rev. E., on the characters of the Old Testa-

ment, 206.
Ichthyosauri, 85.

More, Sir Thomas, religious character of, 31.
Invasion of England by France, 134; Prince de Morton's Cyclopædia of Agriculture,' on weeding,
Joinville's pamphlet on, 138; republican com-

mission on the French navy, ib.; activity of the Moses, character of, 215
French naval yards, 137; Cherbourg, ib.; im- Mountjoy, Lord, his generosity to Erasmus. 7.
mense works at Brest, L'Orient, Rochefort, and Murchison, Sir R. 1., Siluria' of, 93; his geological
other stations, ib. ; organisation and instruction

labours, 94.
of crews, ib.: iron-pinted floating batteries, 159; Music, old popular, 45; Anglo-Saxon, 46; Danish,
quection of steam propulsion in attack or defence, 47; minstrelsy under the Norman kings, ib.;
140; difficulty of blockading by a steam fleet, ib.;

popular ballads patronised by Henry VIII., 49;
retrospect of the threatened descent in 1804-5, musical taste culminates at the accession of Eli-
141; probable French plan of campaign, 142; zabeth, ib. ; stanzas from a popular song of the
perfect state of the French military establish-

seventeenth century, 50; burden in early Eng.
ments, 144; supposed cases of invasion at differ- lish songs, 51; many Scotch tunes of English
eut points, ib.; means of resistance, ib.; a dis- origin, 57 ; political songs in the reign of Queen
ciplined army contrasted with an unorganised Anne, 58; peculiarities of English ballad music,
mob, 145; possible consequences of an invasion, classified by Mr. Chappell, ib. ; character of his
146; iron-plated vessels destined to play an im-

work on, 59.
portant part, 148; facility of mapping the French Musical instruments, various names of old, 52.
navy, 149; fortifications of Portsmouth, Ply.
mouth, and Chatham, 151; useless expenditure

at Dover and Alderney, 151, 152.
Islands of the Pacific, outrages of escaped convicts Naval Peer, a, on the invasion of England, 146.

in, 98; incredible number of coral islands, ib.; Nettle, rustic metrical maxims on the, 291.
volcanic character of, ib. ; volcanic vestiges in New Caledonia, French colonization of, 110, its
the island of Maui, 99; sublime scenery of Ha- dangerous proximity to Australia and New Zea-
waii, ib.; ethnology, of, 102; physical charac- land, 111.
teristics of the inhabitants, ib. ; decreasing popu- New Zealand, remarkable fossils of, 87; masculine
lation of, 103; extension of commerce in, 104; character of its inhabitants, 183; their manners
favourable geographical position of, 105; sove- and religion, ib. ; trace of a Mosaic origin in
reignty of, refused by the English Government, their mythology, 181; inferior in intellect to do
107; proceedings of the French in, 108.

European race, ib. ; specimen of their poetry;

185; fertility and beauty of the country, ib. ,

cannibalism, ib.; diminution of the native popu-
Jerusalem, isolation of, 207.

lation, ib. ; Church, Wesleyan, and Roman Ca-
Jesuits, their snares for promising youths, 8.

tholic converts, 186; adoption of the habits of
Jordan valley, remarkable depression of, 206.

civilised life, 187; agriculture and markets, ib. ;

difficulty of purchasing land, 189; election of a
Jortin's Latinity, character of, 2; Gibbon's use of
bis ‘Remarks on Ecclesiastical History,' ib.

native king, ìb.; method of cooking, 190; com.

plete cessation of cannibalism, ib. ; population

the want of the country, ib.; inferior position of

women, 191; marriage of Europeans with native
*Kenilworth,' Sir W. Scott's facts respecting, 116. girls, ib.; constitutional government, 193; diffe-
Kennedy, General Shaw, his plan for the fortifica- rences of climate and agriculture in the Seven
tion of London, 152; impracticability of, 163.

Provinces, 194, 195; farming, 196; products, ib.;
Kitto's, Dr., works on Palestine, 206.

statistics of births and deaths, 197; salubrity,

197, 198; temperature and scenery, 198;.con.

sidered as a field of emigration, 200.

Niebuhr, remarkable prophecy of, 161.
Labouring classes, money-power of the, 286. Nineveh, historical importance of the ruins of, 161.
Leicester, the murdered Countess of, 116.
Limited Liability Act, its relation to working men,

Lockhart's Life of Scott,' 66.

Old Testament, geography and biography of, 203 ;
Loyalty Islands, occupied by the French, 111. Jewish, the most remarkable of all geographies,
Luther, burning the Papal Bull against, at Witten- 206; the history of the Jews begins in the valley
burg, 15; his noble letter to Erasmus, 27.

of the Jordan, ib. ; Palestine an isolated land,
Lyell, Sir C., on 'Lava,' 79.

207; alternations and contrasts in Palestine, 208

expense of, ib.

journeys of Abraham, 209; region of Mount Si- press Maud, 121 ; Castle of, ib. ; Parliaments of,
nai, 212; kingdom of the Amorites, 214; of Ba- ib.; charters and municipal history, 122; muni-
shan, ib.; curious deserted cities, ib. ; character- ficent bequests, of natives, ib.
istics of the tribes, 216; journeyings of Joshua, Reform, Parliamentary, three bills for, 298; opi-
218; topography of the life of David, 220; sum- nions of Lords Althorp and Grey, 299; the consti-
mary of his character, 223 ; historical importance tution prescriptive, not statutory, 301; to be
of the plain of Esdraelon, 224 ; consequences of guided by experience, not experiment, ib. ; prin-
the separation of Israel from Judah, 225; Elijah's ciples of constitutional, ib.; retrospect of Par-
picturesque character, 226; Mount Carmel, 227; liament's interfering with its own composition,
French campaign in Palestine, 229; union of 302; confirmation of the charter by Edward I.,
biography with geography indispensable, ib. ; ib.; Annual Parliaments of Edward II. and III.,

geographical evidences of Christianity, 230. ib.; limit to the county franchise in 1429, ib. ;
Onslow, Speaker, on Septennial Parliaments, 303. statute of Charles I. for triennial Parliaments,
Opera, first English, licensed by Cromwell, 56. ib.; Long Parliaments of Elizabeth and Charles
• Orchard-houses,' by T. Rivers, 295; glass-roofed II., ib.; triennial bill of 1694, ib.; Speaker Onslow's

sheds, ib.; one to hold from twenty-five to thirty opinion on the Septennial Act, 303; early statutes
trees, 296; superiority of fruit-houses over walls, for property qualification, ib.; statute of Anne
296, 297 ; influence on the flavour of fruit, 298 ; establishing property qualifications, ib.; repealed

in 1858, ib.; Mr. Disraeli's distinction of two classes
Order of Nature,' by Rev. B. Powell, condemned, of reformers, ib.; places represented, 304; nature

and alteration of the franchise, 304, 305; constitu-
Organic fossils, postulates respecting, 81; order of tional reform not demolition and reconstruc-

existence of organic beings, ib.; fourteen geolo- tion, 306; absurdity of apportioning members
gical periods of life, 83; Cambrian period, ib. ; by arithmetical calculation, 307; assumptions
Lower Silurian, ib. ; Upper Silurian, ib.; Devo- leading to electoral districts and universal suf-
nian, ib ; Carboniferous, ib. ; Perinian, 84; Tri. frage, 308; Mr. Bright's standard of population
assic, ib ; Oolitie or Jurassic, ib.; Cretaceous, absurd, ib. ; tests to be applied to demands for
85; Eocene, Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene, reform, 309; distribution of the inquiry into five
86; modern or human, 87; list of museums, 85, heads, ib.
86; law of gradual approximation to existing Reformation, the great question of Christian liberty,
forms, 87; changes of the class cephalopoda in 23.
successive geological periods, 88.

Riflemen, volunteer, indispensable, 155; their effi.

ciency at New Orleans, ib.; half a million of,

desirable, ib.

Ritter’s great services to physical and political geo-
Palmer, Julius, history of the martyrdom of, 129. graphy, 204
Parish registers, date from A.D. 1536.

Roberts, the Chartist Attorney-General, 279.
Parker, Martin, the Cavalier rhymester, author of Robinson, Dr., his merit in fixing Biblical sites, 204.

• The King shall enjoy his own again,' 54. Rochdale Pioneers,' mill and machinery of the, 285.
Parliaments, annual, 302; triennial, ib. (and see Re- Roman roads in Berkshire, 114.
form, Parliamentary.)

Romance, two great systems of, 257.
Part-singing, early proficiency of the English in, Russin, geological map of, 94.

Partnership of workmen with masters, 285.
Peasant wars in Southern Germany, 26.

Petty, Sir William, his odd theories on population,

St. Andrews, Archbishop of, natural son of King
Pitt, Mr., anecdote of an insurance on the life of, 41. James of Scotland, 11 ; killed at Flodden, ib.
Poet, characteristics of a true, 264.

Sandwich Islands, murders of Europeans in, 97 ;
Polynesians, characteristics of the, 102.

extensive volcanic action in, 49; ancient cosmo-
Porter's Travellers' Handbook for Syria and Pales- gony of, ib.; languages of, their relation to other
tine,' 205.

dialects, 101.
Powell, Rev. Baden, character of his Order of Na- Savonarola's ideal of Christianity, 1.

ture,' 231 ; repudiation of his view of miracles, Schomberg, anecdote of the Duke of, 118.
232; obscurity of his 'Spiritual Faith,' 233; his Scripture elucidated by zoology and botany, 230.
inconsistency, 234, 236; fallacy of his reference Sedgwick's, Professor, services to geology, 92.
to the Spirit of the Age,' 236 ; naturalistic the. Sermons in Stones,'89,
ory, 237, his unfair quotations, 238; refutation Sheale, Richard, preserver of the chant of 'Chevy
of his views, 239 ; his hardihood in denying Chase,' 48.
appeals to miracles, 241 ; sophists relating to Siddons, Mrs., her fondness for Scotch ballads, 57.
evidences, 242; his principles attack even natu. Sinclair, Sir J., on weeding, 288.
ral religion, 243; his arguments against the Skelton, his proper poetic vein, 9.
reality of miracles, ib.; his total misconception Smith, Sidney, anecdote of, 68.
of the whole question, 246 ; easy task of the Solomon's Temple, architecture of, 162.
skeptic, 248; antidote to such works, ib. Sorby, Mr., on granite rocks, 80.
'Praise of Folly,' Erasmus', 12.

Spitalfields silk-weavers, legislative interference di-
Price, Dr., his averages of mortality, 42.

minishes the number of, 271.
Producta limestones, 84.

Stanley, Canon, on Sinai and Palestine, 205.
Purgatory, Society for Assurance against, 44. Strikes and combinations, 267; Edward VI.'s Act
*Pusey Horn,' legend engraved on the, 131.

forbidding confederacies to enhance wages, 270;
Pye, the poet-laureate, 115.

subsequent statutes, ib.; failure of legislation, ib.;

riots of Spitalfields silk-weavers, 271; repeal of

the Combination Laws, ib.; trades' unions, ib. ;

their inefficacy in setting aside the law of supply
Reading, origin of the name, 120; historical recol. and demand, ib.; strikes tend to reduction of

lections of, ib. ; tombs of Henry I. and the Em- wages, 272; impediments to combination of
early reading of, 67 ; admitted into the Faculty ments, 181.
of Advocates, 68; his ‘Life of Crichton,' 69; a Windsor Castle, history of, 124.
contributor to · Blackwood,' ib. ; his “Life of Sir Wolsey described by Erasmus as Alter Ego of
Thomas Craig,' ib.; Sir W. Scott suggests his Henry VIII., 13.
undertaking the Distory of Scotland, 69, 70; Woolwich, defenceless state of, 158.


masters, ib.; masters necessarily averse to a extracts from his letters, 70, 71; publication of
lock-out, ib. ; spinners' strike in 1810, 272, 273 ; the first two volumes of his ‘History,' 71; re-
in 1824 and 1829, 273; murder of Mr. Ashton, moves to London, 72; his bon-mots, 74; his se-
ib.; Preston strikes, 274; demands of the opera- cond marriage, 75; his death, ib.; character of
tives, 275; Glasgow strikes, 276 ; new machinery his ‘History,' ib.
a source of strikes, ib.; agricultural machine-
breaking, 277 ; Amalgamated Engineers, ib. ;

labour-saving machines a consequence of strikes,
278; self-acting mule and the wool-combing ma-

Unton, Sir Edward, his challenge to the Duke of
chine, ib.; strike of the building trades in 1833,

Guise, 115.
ib. ; of colliers, 279; strike at Messrs. Trollope's
and consequent lock-out, 281; fallacy among

working-men respecting production and remu.
neration, 282; strikes of shipwrights, hatters, and Valla, Laurentius, character of his writings, 6.
tailors, 283; in the cutlery trade, ib: ; injurious Van de Velde's map of the Holy Land, 205.
effects of strikes in Dublin, 284; advice to work- Vegetable fecundity, enormous, 290.

men and masters, 286, 287.
Suicide to defraud an assurance company, 45.
Sweden and Norway, gradual elevation of, jabove
the sea, 79.

Wages, laws for the regulation of, 269 ; French 'Or-

ganisation of Labour,' ib.; steady increase of

wages, 286; of different artisans, ib.
Tahiti, missionaries to, 97 ; French protectorate of, Waits

, musical

, their duties in the court of Edward
108; present state of, 109.

IV., 53; the York, metrical description of, 54.
Tennyson, Mr., Poems of, 250 ; their progressive Wallingford, history of, 118.
character, 251; the ‘Princess,' ib.; the poet of

Castle, historical associations of, 118.
woman, 252; 'In Memoriam. ib. ; receives the Warham, Archbishop, contrasted with Wolsey, 12,
degree of D.C.L., 253; dreaminess and obscurity 13.
of Maud,' 354; its extravagances, 254, 255; Watt, Walter, defrauds the Globe Assurance Com-

Idylls of the King,' 256; the title inadequate, pany of 700,0001., 44.
258; undulating style, ibé; simplicity and grace Webbė, William, his 'Discourse of English Poetrie,'
of Enid, 259; felicity of metaphor, 260; skill in 50.
using repetitions, 263 ; 'Guinevere,’ ib.; the se- Welsh bards, tradition of their extirpation by Ed-
verest of his own critics, 264 ; his poetic charac- ward I., 47.
teristics, ib.; his graphic power, 265; his blank Whateley's, Archbishop, admirable lecture on the
verse, 266; dramatic power, ib.

Evidences, 248,
Triennial parliaments, 302.

White Horse, Vale of, 119.
Twopeny, Mr., on providing portions for younger Wickliffite, anecdote of a, 12.
children, 41.

Wilkinson's History of Egyptian Architecture, 162.
Tytler, P. Fraser, Memoir of, 60; pedigree of, 66 ; Wilson, Dr., his opinion respecting Indian monu-

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