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And his vain importunity pursues.
He brought our Saviour to the western side
Of that bigh mountain, whence he might behold
Another plain, long but in breadth not wide,
Wash'd by the southern sea, and on the north
To cqual length back'd with a ridge of hills, 29
That screen'd the fruits of th'earth and seats of men
From cold Septentrion blasts, thence in the midst
Divided by a river, of whose banks
On each side an imperial city stood,
With tow'rs and temples proudly elevate
On sev'n small hills, with palaces adorn'd,
Parches and theatres, baths, aqueducts,
Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs,
Gardens and groves presented to his eyes,
Above the highth of mountains interposed:
By what strange parallax or optic skill . 40
Of vision multiply'd through air, or glass
Of telescope, were curious to enquire :
and now the Tempter thus his silence broke :

The city which thou seest no other deem
Than great and glorious Rome, queen of the earth
So far renown'd, and with the spoils enrich'd
Of nations; there the capitol thou seest
Above the rest lifting his stately head
On the Tarpeian rock, her citaded
Impregnable, and there mount Palatine, 50
Th' imperial palace, compass huge and high
The structure, skill of noblest architects,
With gilded battlements, conspicuous far,

Turrets and terraces, and glittring spires. Many a fair edifice besides, more like Houses of God, (so well I have dispos'd My aery microscope) thou may'st behold Outside and inside both, pillars and roofs, Carv'd work, the land of famed artificers In cedar, 'marble, ivory or gold. Thence to the gates cast round thine eye, and see What conflux issuing forth, or entering in, Pretors, proconsuls to their provinces Hasting, or on 'return, in robes of state; Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their power, Legions and cohorts, turms of 'horse and wings: Or embassies from regions far remote In various habits on the Appian road, Or on the Emilian, some from farthest south, Syene', and where the shadow both way falls, 70 Meroe Nilotic ile, and more to west, The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea; From th' Asian kings and Parthian among these, From India and the golden Chersonese, And utmost Indian isle, Taptobane, Dusk faces with white silken turbans wreath'd ; From Gallia, Gades, and the British west, Germans and Scythians, and Sarmatians north Beyond Danubius to the tauric pool. All nations now to Rome obedience pay, 80 To Rome's great Emperor, 'whose wide domain In ample territory, wealth and power, Civility of manners, arts, and arms,

And long renown thou justly may'st prefer
Before the Parthians; these two thrones except,
The rest are barb'rous, and scarce worth the sight,
Shar'd among petty kings too far remov'd;
These having shown thee, I have shown thee all
The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory.
This emp’ror hath no son, and now is old, 90
Old and lascivious, and from Rome retird
To Capreæ, an island small but strong
On the Campanian shore, with purpose there
His horrid lusts in private to enjoy,
Committing to a wicked favourite
All public cares, and yet of him suspicious,
Hated of all, and hating ; with what ease,
Indued with regal virtues as thou art,
Appearing, and beginning noble deeds, .
Might'st thou expel this monster from his throne 100
Now made a stye, and in his place ascending
A victor people free from servile yoke ?
And with my help thou may'st ; to me the power
Is giv'n, and by that right I give it thee.
Aim therefore at no less than all the world,
Aim at the highest, without the high'est attain'd
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,
On David's throne, be prophecy'd what will.

To whom the Son of God unmov'd reply'd :
Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show 110
Of luxury, though call'd magnificence,
More than of arms before, allure mine eye,
Much less my mind; though thou should'st add to tell
Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts
On citron tables or Atlantic stone,
(For I have also heard, perhaps have read)
Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne,
Chios and Crete, and how they quaff in gold,
Crystal and myrrhine cups imboss'd with gems
And studs of pearl, to me should'st tell who thirst 1 20
And hunger still: then embassies thou show'st
From nations far and nigh; what honour that,
But tedious waste of time to sit and hear
So many hollow compliments and lies,
Outlandish flatteries ? then proceed'st to talk
Of th' emperor who easily subdu'd,
How gloriously; I shall, thou say'st, expel
A brutish monster : what if I withal
Expel a devil who first made him such !
Let his tormenter, Conscience, find him out; 130
For him I was not sent, nor yet to free
That people victor once, now vile and base,
Deservedly made vassal, who once just,
Frugal, and mild, and temp'rate, conquered well,
But govern ill the nations under yoke,
Peeling their provinces, exhausted all
By lust and rapine ; first ambitious grown
Of triumph, that insulting vanity;
Then cruel, by their sports to blood inur'd
Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts expos'd, 140
Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still,
And from the daily scene effeminate.
What wise and valiant man would seek to free

These thus degenerate, by themselves inslavid,
Or could of inward slaves make outward free?
Know therefore, when my season comes to sit
On David's throne, it shall be like a tree
Spreading and overshadowing all the earth,
Or as a stone that shall to pieces dash
All monarchies besides throughout the world, 150
And of my kingdom there shall be no end :
Means there shall be to this, but what the means,
Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.

To whom the Tempter impudent reply'd:
I see all offers made by me how slight.
Thou valuest, because offer'd, and reject'st: ,
Nothing will please the difficult and nice,
Or nothing more than still to contradict :
On th' other side know also thou, that I
On what I offer set as high esteem,

160
Nor what I part with mean to give for nought;
All these which in a moment thou behold'st,
The kingdoms of the world to thee I give ;
For giv'n to me, I give to whom I please, .
No trifle ; yet with this reserve, not else,
On this condition, if thou wilt fall down,
And worship me as thy superior lord...
Easily done, and hold them all of me;
For what can less so great a gift deserve ?

- Whom thus our Saviour answered with disdain. I never lik'd thy talk, thy offers less, 171: Now both abhor, since thou hast dar'd to utter Th' abominable terms, impious condition ;

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