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Explaining the antiquated and difficult Words ia Milton's poetical Works.
P. L. stands for Paradise Lost; P. W.for Paradise Regain'd; S. h.for Samson Agonistes ; V.frr the Poems; and S.for tie Sonnets. T&e tetters i, ii, iii, &c. denote the books; the figures 1, 2, 3, (3c. the verses.
When a word occurs but once or twice, or is taken in a peculiar sense, or has different senses in different places; in all these cases the places are pointed out.
As Milton's critics differ as to the sense of tome words, some preferring one sense and some another, the different senses are often given.
The etymology of a great many words a given, andfrequently the literal, or original, as well as the metaphorical signification.
1 o abash, to put into confusion, to make ashamed To abide, P. L. iv. 87. to bear or support the consequences of a thing
Abject, contemptible, orof no value, P. L. ix 571. without hope or regard, S. A. 169
Absolved, Absolute, P, L. vii. 94. viii. 421, .547. finished, compleated, perfected ; from the Latin absolutus
Acanthus, the herb Bear's-foot.
Acclame, a shout of praise, acclamation
Arguist, S. A. 1755. the same as acquisition; acquirement, attainment, gain
To admit, to commit, used in the Latin sense, P. L. viii. 637
Adorn, P. L. viii. 576. (an adjective.) Made si adorn, (3c. finely dressed
Adust, Adusted, burnt up, hot as with fire, scorched, dried with fire
Advis'd, P. L. vi. 674- (a participial adverbial), advisedly, designedly
Afer, P. L, x. 702. the south-west wind
Afflicted, P. L. i. 186. routed, ruined, utterly broken; in the Latin sense of the word. It otherwise signifies put to pain, grieved, tormented
Affront, outrage, contempt, P. R. iii. 161.; open opposition, encounter, S. A. 531
Agape, P. L. v. 357. (an adverb), staring with eagerness
Aghast, struck with horror, as at the sight of a spectre; stupified with terror
Agonistes, an actor, a prize-fighter; Gr. 'Ayovi'rur, ludio, histrio, actor scenievs
Akhymy, P. L. ii. 517. the name of that art which is the sublimer part of chymistry, the transmutation of metals. It is what is corruptly pionounced oohamy, i. e. any mixed metal
Alp, P. L. ii. 620. S. A. 628. for mountain in general. In the strict etymology of the word it signifies a mountain white with snow. It is commonly appropriated to the high mountains which separate Italy from France and Germany
Altera, P. L. vii. 348. (an adjective), acting by turns, in succession each to the other
To Alternate, to perform alternately. Alternate hymns, P. L. v. 656, 657. sing by turns, and answer one another
Amaravt, P. L. iii. 353. 'Afnafavhs, for unfading, that decayeth not; a flower of a purple velvet colour, which, though gathered, keeps its beauty, and when all other flowers fade, recovers its lustre by being sprinkled with a little water
Ambition, that which adds fuel to the flame of pride, and claps spurs to those furious and inordinate desires that break forth into the most execrable acts to accomplish men's haughty designs. Mil-. ton stigmatizes ambition as a worse sin than pride, P. L. iv. 40. See Pride. A going about with studiousness and affectation to gain praise, as the origin of the Latin word imports, S. A. 247
Ambrosial, partaking of the nature or qualities of ambrosia, the imaginary food of the gods; fra-. grant, delicious, delectable. Milton applies this epithet to the night, P. L. v. 642
To amerce, P. L. i. 609. to deprive, to forfeit. It properly signifies to mulct, to fine; but here it has a strange affinity with the Greek a/ispou, to deprive, to take away
Amice, P. R. iv. 427. clothing; the first or undermost part of a priest's habit, over which he wears the alb; derived from the Latin, amicio, to clothe
Ammiral, P. L. i. 294. the same as Admiral, the principal commander of a fleet
Amorous. Milton seems to use this word, P. R. ii. 162. rather in the sense of the Italian amoroso, which is applied to any thing relating to the pas-. sion of love, than in its common English acceptation, in which it generally expresses something of the passion itself
Amphisbana, P. L. x. 524. a^erpent said to have a head at both ends; so named of a/xy ii£asiva, because it went foreward either way
Anarch, P. L. ii. 988. the author of confusion
Angelic virtue, P. L. v. 371. an angel
To announce, P. R. iv.504. to publish, to proclaim
Antarctic, P.L. ix. 79. thesouthern pole, so called, as opposite to the northern
Antic, S. A. 1325. one that plays anties; he that uses odd gesticulation; a buffoon
Apathy, P. L. ii. 564. not feeling, exemption, from passion; freedom from mental perturbation.