Page images

Apocalyps, P. L. iv. 2. a revelation, a discovery To appay, P. L. xii. 401. to satisfy, to content Appetance, P. L. xi. 619. carnal, sensual desire To appoint, S. A. 373. to arraign, to summon, to

answer Arbitress, P. L. i. 785. a witness, a spectatress Architrave, P. L. i. 715. that part of a column

or order of a column, which lies immediately upon the capital, and is the lowest member of

the entablature Arctic, P. L. č. 710. northern, lying under the

Bear Ardor, P. L. v, 249. a person ardent or bright,

an angel. The Latin ardor implies fervency, exceeding love, eager desire, fiery nature; all in

cluded in the idea of an angel Argestes, P. L. X. 699. the north-east wind To areed, P. L. iv. 962. to decree, to award Askance, awry Asphaltus, P. L. i. 729. bitumen, a pitchy sab

stance Asthma, P. L. xi. 488. a frequent, difficult, and

short respiration, joined with a hissing sound

and a cough To astound, to astonish, to confound with fear or

wonder Atheous, P. R. i. 487. atheistic, godless Atrophy, P. L. xi. 486. want of nourishment; a - disease in which what is taken at the mouth can

not contribute to the support of the body

Attent, P. R. i. 385. intent, attentive, heedful, re

gardful Attest, P. L. i. 37. witness, testimony, attestation To attune, P. L. iv. 265. to make any thing mu

sical Autumn, P. L. v. 394. for the fruits of autumn Azurn, P. the same as azure, blue, faint blue.

[merged small][ocr errors]

Baleful, full of miscry, full of grief, sorrowful,

sad, woeful Bandite, P. a man outlawed Barbaric, P. L. ii. 1. foreign, far-fetch'd Barbed, bearded, headed Base, P. L. ix. 36. that part of any ornament · which hangs down, as housing ; from the French

bas, low; because housing falls low to the ground To batten, P. to fatten, or make fat, to feed plen

teously Behest, a command, precept, mandate Belated, P. L. i. 783. benighted, out of doors late

at night Beldame, P. an old woman; generally a term of

contempt, marking the last degree of old age, with all its faults and miseries. From the French

belle dame, which of old signified an old woman Benediction, well speaking, thanks, P. L. viii. 645. · P. R. iii. 127. blessing, P. Li xii. 125

Beryl, P. L. vi. 756. a precious stone of a sca

green colour Besprent, P. sprinkled Bestrown, P. L. i. 311. iv. 631. sprinkled over Bevy, P. L. xi. 582. a company, an assembly; of

the Italian beva, a covy of partridges Bickering, P. L. vi. 766. fighting, and thence de

stroying ; from the Welch bicre, a contest, a combat. Mr. Johnson thinksit means here quiver

ing, playing backward and forward Blanc, or blank, white, P. L. v. 656; confused,

crushed, dispirited, subdued, depressed, P. L. ix.

890. P. R. ii. 120 Bland, P. L. v. 5. ix. 855.1047. soft, mild, gentle To blank, S. A, 471. to confuse, to damp, to dispirit Blear, P. dim, obscure, or that which makes dim

ness Blithe, gay, airy, merry, joyous, sprightly, mirthful Bolt, the bar of a door, P. L. ii. 877. lightning, a

thunder bolt. P. L. vi. 491. an arrow, P. To bolt, P. to dart, to shoot, to sift. Mr. Johnson

thinks it signifies here to blurt out, or throw out

precipitantly Boreas, P. L. %. 699. the north wind Bosky, P. woody; from the Belgian bosche, and

the Italian bosco, a wood Bourn, P. a bound, a limit; from the French borne Brand, P. L. xii. 643. a sword. Brando in Italian

too signifies a sword; and the reason of this denomination seems to be derived from hence, bes


cause men fought with burnt stakes and fire

brands before arms were invented To breathe, P. L. ii. 244. to smell, to throw out

the smell, to exhale, to send out as breath To braid, to plait, to weave, to twist. Braided

frain, P.L. iv. 349. plaited or twisted tail To bray, P. L. vi. 209. (probably from the Greek

Booyew, strepo), to make an offensive or disa - agreeable noise. It signifies to make any kind

of noise, though now it be commonly appropria

ted to a certain animal Brigandine, S. A. 1120. a coat of mail To brim, P. L. iv. 336. P. to fill to the top Brinded, P. L. vii. 466. P.streaked, tabby, marked

with branches To bristle, P. L. vi. 82, to erect in bristles. The

Latins express this by the word horrere, taken

from the bristling on a wild boar's or other ani• mal's back. Milton has the expression of hor

rent arms, P. L. ii. 313. See Horrent Budge, P. furred, surly, stiff, formal . Bullion, P. L. i. 704. gold or silver in the lump,

unwrought, uncoined. Bullion dross, the dross

which arose from the metal in refining it But, P. L. ii. 377. except, unless Buxome, is vulgarly understood for wanton, jolly ;

but it properly signifies flexible, yielding, obe

dient, obsequious, as P. L. ii. 842. v. 270 ; · and also gay, lively, brisk, as P. xiii. 24.

Cæcias, P. L. x. 699. the north-west wind
Callow, P. L. vii, 420. unfledged, naked, without

feachers To calve, P. L. vii. 463. to bring forth, from the

Belgic word calven, to bring forth Caparison, P. L. ix. 35. a horse-cloth, or sort of

cover for a horse, a which is spread over his fur

niture Caravan, P. L. vii. 428. P. R. i. 323. a great

convoy of merchants, which meet at certain times and places, to put themselves into a condition of defence from thieves, whoride in troops in several desert places upon the road in Persia and Turkey. It is like an army, consisting ordinarily of five or six hundred camels, and

near as many horses, and sometimes more Carbuncle, a jewel that shines in the dark like a lighted coal or candle

. To career, P. L. vi. 756. to run with swift mo

tion. Careering fires, are lightnings darted out by fits; a metaphor taken from the running in

tilts, says Dr. Newton Carol. P. L. xii. 367. a song of devotion To carol, P. to praise, to celebrate To cast, P. L. iij. 634. to consider, to contrive, to

turn the thoughts Cataphracts, S. A. 1619. men or horses completely

armed; from xatappárow, armis munio

« PreviousContinue »