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O blessed Lord God, who dost live and govern all things, world without end. Amen.

beloved Son Jesus Christ, for the forgiveness of our fins, did thed out of his most precious fide both water and blood; and gave commandment to his disciples, that they fhould go teach all nations, and baptize them in the name of ihe Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost: Regard, we beseech thee, the supplications of thy congre. gation; fanctify this water to the inystical washing away of fin; and grant that this child now to be baptized therein, may receive the fullness of thy grace, and ever remain in the number of thy faithful and elect children, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. 4 Then the Prieli pull take the Child into his Hands, and prall Jay to the Godfathers and Godnothers,

Name this Child. And then naming it after them, (if they fi:all certify him that

the Child may well endure it) he firall dių it in the later discreetly and wearily, frying,

I baptize thee in the Name of the Father, and

of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. 9 But if they certify that the Child is weak, it shall fuffice to juur water upon it, /?ying the forefaid words,

I baptize thee in the Name of the Father, and


N. . .

Porrauiter,&c. It is with prudence and humanity united, that our church fubititutes the practice of sprinkling inttead of immersion. The inconvenience and danger of the latter are obvious; and as the rite is merely enllomatical, it does not appear to be a matter of much confequance in what manner the emblem is applied. The English hittory

imals us a curious instance of its inconvenience in the baptifm of EtheldIn the Bale, A. D. 967, by Archbishop Dunstan:

“ Sacra ftatim natus Etheldredus violavit,

“ Nam baptizatus, baptifterium maculavit.” W.Wyreeiter. Mietra de Reg. Ang apudlib. Nig.Scac.p.530. Dunstan's exclamation on the occafion was, “Per Deum et matrem ejus, ignauius hom erit;" and the erents of his reign fully confirmed the truth of the Archbishop's anticipation.-Holl. Chron. i. 165; Col. i. 20. The cutom of immerlin muilt have been particularly pernicious in the Saxon xra; as the parents of all infonds were under an obligation to have them christened,

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( Then the Priest fall say, TE receive this Child into the congregation of

Christ's flock, and do sign* bin with the sign of the cross; in token, that hereafter behee chid's he hall not be ashamed to confess the faith of Christ crucised, and manfully to fight under his banner against fin, the world, and the devil; and to continue Chrit's faithful soldier and servant unto his life's end. Amen.

well or iH, before the month was expired, under very severe penalties, according to the following law of King Ina; “Infans infra 30 dies pottquam in lucem prodierit baptizator. Id li non fiat ter denis folidis culpa penfator; fui prius vitam cum morte conmutarit quam facro tingatur bapa tifmate, rebus fuis omnibus mulctator.”-Leges Inæ Reg. apud Lambarda Archaionom. p. 1. Before the reformation, when the child was strong enough to bear inmersion, the spontors broaght it to the font, and delis vered it to the minister who plunged it over head in holy water, pronouncing these words, “ I chriiten thee in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft. Amen.” The ceremony was concluded by his anointing the child with holy oil, and repeating the appointed prayers.-Johan. Peckham apud Lyndewode Provincial, p. 2440

And siyn him, &c.] In King Edward VIth's firft book, the priest was directed to make a cross upon the child's forehead and breast, saying, “A. B. receive the sign of the Holy Cross both in thy forehead, and in thy breaft, in token,” &c. Then followed a prayer, and this exorcisin, the prieit looking upon the child, “ I command thee, unclean spirit, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, that thou come out and depart from these infants, whoin our Lord Jesus Chrift hath rouchsafed to call to his holy baptilin, to be made members of his body, and of his holy congregation. Therefore, thou cursed fpirit, remember thy fentence, remember thy judgments, remember the day to be at hand, wherein thou nuut burn in fire everlaiting, prepared for thee and thy angels. And prefume not hereafter to exercise any tyranny towards these infants whom Christ hath bought with his precious blood, and by this his holy baptisin calleth to be his ilock.” After the fponfors had assented to the creed, &c. and the priest had read the prayer, “ Almighty and everlafting God, heavenls father, we give thee humble thanks, &c. it is directed that the priest should take one of the children by the right hand, the other being brought after him, and coming into the church toward the font should say, “ The Lord vouchtafe to receive you into his holy houshold, and to keep and govern you alwav in the fame, that you may

have everlasting life. Amen. After the questions and responses comes this rubric, “ Then the priest shall take the child in his hands, and ask the name; and naming the child, hall dip it in the water thrice: firit dipping the right side, second dipping the left side, the third time dipping the face toward the font, so it be discreetly,” &c. faying, &c. Then the godfathers and godnothers shall take and lay their hands upon the child, and the minister fall put upon him his white vesture, commonly called the crisome, and fay, “ Take this white veiture for a token of the innocency which, by God's grace in this holy facrament of baptiti, is given unto thee; and for a sign whereby thou art admonished so long as thou livest to give thyself to innocency of living, that after this tranlitory life, thou

Then fall the Priest say, EEING now, dearly beloved brethren, that ibis chill

is regenerate, and grafted into the body of Christ's church; let us give thanks unto Almighty God for these benefits; and with one accord make our prayers unto him, that this child may lead the rest of his life according to this beginning.

Then Mall be said, all kneeling;
UR Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy

Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it in heaven: Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespaffes, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil.

9 Then shall the Priest say, E yield thee hearty thanks, most merciful Father,

that it hath pleased thee to regenerate this Infant with thy Holy Spirit, to receive him for thine own child by adoption, and to incorporate bim into thy holy Church. And humbly we beseech thee to grant, that be being dead unto sin, and living unto righteousness, and being buried with Christ in his death, may crucify the old man, and utterly abolish the whole body of fin; and that as he is make partaker of the death of thy Son, be may also be partaker of his resurrection; so that finally, with the refidue of thy holy Church, be may be an inberitor of thine everlasting kingdom, through Christ our Lord. Amen.


mayest be partaker of the life everlasting. Amen." Then shall the priest anoint the child on the head, saying, “ Almighty God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath regenerated thee by water, and the Holy Ghoft, and hath given unto thee remission of all thy sins, vouchsafe to anoint thee with the unction of his Holy Spirit, and bring thee to the inheritance of everlasting life. Amen.” Then follows this rubric: "When there are many to be baptized, this order of demanding, baptizing, putting on the crisome and anointing, shall be used severally with every child: those that be first baptized departing from the font, and remaining in some convenient place within the church, until all be baptized. At the last end the priest, calling the godfathers and godmothers together, shall say this short exhortation following, “ Forasmuch,” &c.

We yield thee] This prayer, with the exhortation before it, and the Lord's-Prayer, were introduced in the second book of Edward VIth.

Then all standing us, the Prieft fhall say to the Godfathers and Godmothers this Exhortation follotzing: F F TORASMUCH as this child hath promised by you his

furecies, to renounce the devil and all his works, to believe in God, and to serve him; ye must remember, that it is your parts and duties to see that this infaill be tauglit, so soon as he shall be able to learn, what a folemn vow, promise, and profession, he hath here made by you. And that be may know these things the better, ye shall call upon him to hear sermons; and chiefly ye shall provide, that be may learn the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commandments in the vulgar tongue, and all other things which a Christian ought to know and believe to his foul's health; and that this cbild may be virtuously brought up to lead a godly and a Christian life; remembering al. ways, that baptifin doth represent unto us our profession; which is, to follow the example of our Saviour Christ, and to be made like unto him; that as he died, and rose again for us; lo should we, who are baptized, die from fin, and rise again unto righteousness; continually mortifying all our evil and corrupt affections, and daily proceeding in all virtue and godliness of living.

Then Mall he add, and fay;
E are to take care that this child be brought to the

bishop to be confirmed by him, fo foon as he can say the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commandments in the vulgar tongue, and be further instructed in the Church Catechism set forth for that purpose. [It is certain by God's word, that Children which are baptized, dying

before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly saved.

Godliness of living] After these words in Edward Vith's first book, are the following rubrics: “The minister shall command that the crisoms be brought to the church, and delivered to the priests after the accustomed manner, at the purification of the mother of every child; and that the children be brought to the bishop,” &c. “Note, That if the number of children to be baptized, and multitude of people present be fo great that they cannot conveniently stand at the church-door; then let them stand within the church in some convenient place nigh unto the hurch-door; and there all things be said and done, appointed to be said and done, at the church-door."

“ To take away all scruple concerning the use of the sign of the Cross

in Baptism; the true explication thereof, and the just reasons for the retaining of it may be seen in the xxxth Canon, ist published in the year M,DCIV.'')

THE MINISTRATION OF Private Baptism of Children in Houses. T THE Curates of every Parish Mall often admonish the

People, that they defer not the Baptism of their Children longer than the first or second Sunday next after their Birth, or other Ho/day falling between ; unless upon a great and reasonable Caule, to be approved by the Curate. And also they fall warn them, that without like great cause and neceflity they procure not their Children to be baptized at Home in their Houses. But when need fall compel them so to do, then Baptism fiall be administered on this Fashion. First, let the Minister of the Parish, (or, in his Absence, any other lawful Minister that can be procured) with them that are present, call upon God, and say the Lord's

Pe are to take care, &c.] In all the praver-books previous to the last review, this exhortation was framed as a rubric. It was then framed as it now stands.

It is certain This, and the following paragraph, were introduced at the last review. The former guards against the application of a Calvinistic sense to the ninth article, and opposes any fears that Calvinistic doctrines may excite in the minds of the weak and fuperftitious; particularly against that tremendous one of St. Austin, Calvin's oracle and master, that

were thoufands of children in hell of a span in length.” Private Houses] In both the prayer-books of Edward Vlth, and in that of Queen Elizabeth, the title of this oflice was as follows: “ Of them that be baptized in private houses, in time of necessity.” On King James's accellion these words were added, “By the minister of the parish, or any other lawful minifter that can be procured.” At the review in Charles Ild's reign it was altered as it now stands.

The Curates, &c.] These three rubrics were similar in substance, though somewhat different in words, in all the prayer-books from the reformation to the last review, when they were settled as they now ftand. The form of baptizing also followed, aud after that, a rubric which combined in one the two rubrics beginning with, “And let them not doubt;" and “ But if the child were baptized,” &c.

Lawful Minister] This direction was adopted after the conference in James Iit's reign. in both the common prayer-books of Edward Vlth,

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