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depth of the sea. Woe unto the world because of of. fences! for it must need be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh! Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cur them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire. And if thine eye of. fend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell-fire. Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones: for I say unto you, that in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.
St. Luke the Evangelift.
whose praise is in the Gospel, to be an Evangelist and Physician of the soul; May it please thee, that by
St. Luke] This Evangelift wrote his gospel about seven years after his conjunction with St. Paul, whom he never left till his death. He is recorded to have written this excellent work in Achaia and Bæotia, whilst St. Paul ftaid there, which was in the year of Christ 58. Hier. Præf. Met. He is faid to have written his Gospel to hinder the faithful from being poisoned by the heretical relations of the Corinthians, a very early race of heretics sprung up in the church —Epith. Hær. li. He wrote his book of The Acts of the Apostles about three years after, in the fifth year of Nero, and of Christ 61. There has been a general tradition concerning this saint, that he was not only a physician,
but an eminent painter in his time; that he painted the Virgin Mary, (Niceph. lib. xiv. cap. 2) St. Peter and Paul, ibid. lib. ii. cap. 23; and (if we credit Metaphraftes) our Saviour himself.—Metap. in xviii. O&ob. How St. Luke disposed of himself after St. Paul's martyrdom at Rome, is not so very certain : Epiphanius says he preached in Dalmatia, in Gaul, Italy, and Macedonia.-Epiph. Hær. li. Others affirm, that when he left Rome, he returned into the East, and that from thence he went to preach in Africa, and that he converted the Thebans to the faith.-@cum. in Lucam. That he at last suffered martyrdom, the best authors of antiquity allow.–Nazianz. i. Orat. in Jul. Gaudent. Tract. de. ded. Bafil. The later Greek writers relate his death with more particularities, saying, that he was crucified or nailed to the branches of an olive tree, there not being upon the place dry wood sufficient to make a cross for him to suffer on.- Niceph. lib. ii. cap. 42.
The Collect] This prayer for spiritual health was composed in 1549. The introitus was pfalm cxxxvii.
the wholesome medicines of the doctrine delivered by him, all the diseases of our souls may be healed, through the merits of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen,
The Epistle. 2 Tim. iv. 5.
the work of an Evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry. For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteous. ness, which the Lord the righteous Judge shall give me at that day; and not to me only, but unto them also that love his appearing. Do thy diligence to come Thortly
to me: for Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia. Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. The cloak that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments. Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.
The Gospel. St. Luke x. I.
two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. Therefore said he unto them, the harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that he would send forth labourers into his harvest. Go your ways, behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves. Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and falute no man by the way. And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house. And if the
Raurl] Spoken either prophetically, viz. will reward; or authoritatively as an apottle, denouncing on Alexander bodily diseases, for just reafons, and to reclaim him from his fin: a denunciation suggested by the impulse of the spirit.
son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again. And in the same house remain, eating and drinking such things as they give: for the labourer is worthy his hire.
St. Simon and St. Jude Apostles.
The Colle ET.
the foundation of thy Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the head corner-stone; Grant us so to be joined together in unity of spirit by their doctrine,
St. Simon and St. Judet. There are two faints commemorated by the church this day. The firit is Simon, surnamed “ The Canaanite,” Mat. X. 4; and Zelotes, Luke vi. 15; Acts i. 13; which two names are the fame, for the Hebrew word canaan signifies a zelot. There was a feat of men called zelots, about the time of Christ, in Judea, who, out of pretended zeal for God's honour, would commit the most grievous outrages; they would choose and ordain high-priests out of the bafest of the people, and murder men of the principal dignity.-Jofeph. Bell. Jud. lib. iv. cap. II, 12. It is probable that Simon, before his conversion and call, might be one of this sect; or, however, some fire and fierceness in his temper gave occasion for his being called the Zelot. He was one of the twelve Apostles, and kin to our blessed Lord; either his half-brother, being one of Joseph's fons by another wife, as all the Greek fathers contend, or coulin by his mother's side. Most certain this is that Simon which is meant, Matt. xiii
. 55, “ Are not his brethren, James, and Jotes, and Simon, and Judas?" There is a tradition, that it was at his marriage in Cana of Galilee that our Saviour was present.-Niceph. lib. viii. cap. 3c, After our Saviour's afcenfion, he is recorded to have preached the gospel in Mesopotamia, (Hier.in Ep. ad Gal. cap. iv. and cont. Helo.) that he preached likewise in Ægypt and Africa is related by others, Itd. de vit. and obit. Sanct. And (if we may credit Nicephorus, a later writer) that he extended his million as far as Britain.-Niceph. lib. ii. 40. He fuffered martyrdom in Perlia.
Jude the other apostle, whose memory is this day observed, was one of the twelve apostles, brother to James, (Jude i.) and therefore bore the same relation with him to our Saviour. He was the same Judas mentioned in the verse before cited, “ Are not his brethren, James, and Jofes, and Simon, and Judas?" He had two surnames, one was Thaddæus, which which does not seem to be more than a diminutive or small alteration of Judas, and is derived from the same root in Hebrew as Judas is. Labbæus is derived from a word in the Hebrew which signifies heart, and is as much as corculum, or little heart. He preached the gospel with his brother in Mesopotamia, Arabia, and Idumea, &c.—Niceph. Hift. lib. ii. cap. 4. He fuffered martyrdom at Berytus.
The Collect] This prayer for unity of spirit was composed in 1549. The introitus was psalm cl.
that we may be made an holy temple, acceptable unto Thee, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. St. Jude i. UDE the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of
James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called : Mercy unto you, and peace, and love, be multiplied. Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that
ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints. For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation; ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed
And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire. Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.
The Gospel. St. John xv. 17.
ther. If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would love its own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than the lord: if they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you. If they have kept my faying, they will keep yours also. But all these things will they do unto you for
for my Name's
fake, because they know not him that sent me. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had fin: but now they have no cloak for their sin. He that hateth me, hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had fin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father. But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause. But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he fhall testify of me: and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.
All Saints Day.
in one communion and fellowship, in the mystical body of thy Son Christ our Lord; Grant us grace so to follow thy blessed Saints in all virtuous and godly living, that we may come to those unspeakable joys, which thou haft prepared for them that unfeignedly love thee, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. Rev. vii. 2.
having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was
All Saints] This feast is not of very great antiquity in the church. About the year of our Lord 610, the heathen pantheon, or temple dediCated to all the gods, at the desire of Boniface IV. bishop of Rome, was taken from the heathens by Phocas the emperor, and dedicated to the honour of all martyrs: hence came the original of all saints, which was then celebrated upon the first of May. Afterwards, by an order of Gregory IV. it was removed to the first of November, A. D. 834, as it has tood ever înce. Our reformers having laid aside the celebration of a great many martyrs' days, which had grown too numerous and cumberfome to the church, thought fit to retain this day, wherein, by a general commemoration, church gives God thanks for them all.
The Collect] This prayer for grace to cultivate the holiness of the saints was composed 1549. The introitus was pfalm cxlix.