Uranium Mining in Virginia: Scientific, Technical, Environmental, Human Health and Safety, and Regulatory Aspects of Uranium Mining and Processing in Virginia

Front Cover
Uranium mining in the Commonwealth of Virginia has been prohibited since 1982 by a state moratorium, although approval for restricted uranium exploration in the state was granted in 2007. Uranium Mining in Virginia examines the scientific, technical, environmental, human health and safety, and regulatory aspects of uranium mining, milling, and processing as they relate to the Commonwealth of Virginia for the purpose of assisting the Commonwealth to determine whether uranium mining, milling, and processing can be undertaken in a manner that safeguards the environment, natural and historic resources, agricultural lands, and the health and well-being of its citizens. According to this report, if Virginia lifts its moratorium, there are "steep hurdles to be surmounted" before mining and processing could take place within a regulatory setting that appropriately protects workers, the public, and the environment, especially given that the state has no experience regulating mining and processing of the radioactive element. The authoring committee was not asked to recommend whether uranium mining should be permitted, or to consider the potential benefits to the state were uranium mining to be pursued. It also was not asked to compare the relative risks of uranium mining to the mining of other fuels such as coal. This book will be of interest to decision makers at the state and local level, the energy industry, and concerned citizens.
 

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Contents

Summary
1
Nontechnical Summary
11
1 Introduction
29
2 Virginia Physical and Social Context
35
3 Uranium Occurrences Resources and Markets
54
4 Uranium Mining Processing and Reclamation
96
5 Potential Human Health Effects of Uranium Mining Processing and Reclamation
123
6 Potential Environmental Effects of Uranium Mining Processing and Reclamation
178
References
277
Glossary
300
Study Request Letters
310
Committee Biographical Sketches
318
World Nuclear Association Basic Principles
324
IRPA Guiding Principles for Stakeholder Engagement
330
Presentations to Committee
339
Acronyms and Abbreviations
342

7 Regulation and Oversight of Uranium Mining Processing Reclamation and LongTerm Stewardship
223
8 Best Practices
258

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