The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe
Although the importance of the advent of printing for the Western world has long been recognized, it was Elizabeth Eisenstein, in her monumental, two-volume work, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change, who provided the first full-scale treatment of the subject. This edition gives a stimulating survey of the communications revolution of the fifteenth century. After summarizing the initial changes introduce by the establishment of printing shops, it goes on to discuss how printing effected three major cultural movements: the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the rise of modern science. Specific examples show how the use of the new presses enabled churchmen, scholars, and craftsmen to move beyond the limits handcopying had imposed and thus to pose new challenges to traditional institutions.
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advent of printing age of scribes Aldus Manutius Almagest ancient astronomers authors became Bible Cambridge Catholic century Christopher Plantin church cited classical Commonwealth of Learning Copernican Copernicus copies developments diverse duplicated early modern early printed editions effects elites encouraged English engraving Europe fifteenth Folger Shakespeare Library Frances Yates Galileo given Greek Gutenberg hand-copied historians humanists Ibid images Index intellectual issued Italian Italy John Kepler kind permission Latin learned less letters literary literature London Luther manuscript maps master printers medieval observations output Peter Schoeffer polyglot print culture printed books problems produced Protestant published quattrocento readers reading Reformation religious Renaissance Reproduced by kind revival revolution Robert Estienne scholars scientific scribal culture script to print scriptoria Scripture seems shift from script significant sixteenth sixteenth-century spread of printing suggest texts tion tradition translation treatises Tycho Tycho Brahe vernacular Western word writing York