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20% OF THE SURETISMIP AND [poor II. --
God I, Othe . of mysteries, which angels desire to look
into 1. Glory, to Father, who raised up, , and gave

us such a Surety.! Glory to the Son, who clothing himself
in human flesh, so willingly, so patiently, and so constantly
parformed, such an engagement for us, Glory to the Holy
Ghost, the revealer, the witness, and the earnest of so great
happi for us. , All, hail O Christ Jesus, true and eter-
. God, and true and holy man, all in one, who retains the

rties of both natures in the unity of thy person. Thee
we acknowledge, thee we worship, to thee we {.. ourselves,
at thy feet we fall down, from thy hand alone we look for sal-
vation. Thou art the only Saviour; we desire to be thy pecu-
liar property, we are so by thy grace, and shall remain such
for ever. o the whole world of thine elect, with us, know,
acknowledge, and adore thee, and thus at length be saved by
thee. This is the sum of our faith, and hope, and this the top
of all our wishes. , Amen.

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L Having thus spoken of the person of the Surety, so
far as the nature of our design requires, now is the time
and place to treat a little more accurately of the satisfaction
itself, which, by his suretiship he undertook to give. For
he is called the Surety of the Covenant, or Testament, Heb.
vii. 22. Not only, nor principally, because he engaged to
us in the name . God, to fulfil the promises contained in
that testament if we obeyed his commands, as Curcelloeus,
treading in the footsteps of his master, Socinus, artfully pre-
tends: but, because he engaged to God for us, to perform all
those conditions in our stead; u which we were to receive
the testam inheritance. hen Hezekiah desired the
saving fruit of this suretiship, he prayed, Isa. xxxviii. 14. “I
am oppressed, undertake for me.” . And God himself, when
he gives to his Son all the glory of this suretiship, expresses ---
himself thus: Jer. xxx. 21. “ for who is this that engaged

his heart to approach unto me? saith the Lord.” That is,

what mortal, nay, what creature dares engage to perform all

those things which are incumbent on the priest, who shall

have a right to approach to me for himself and his o:
Our surely therefore, thus engaged to God for us. To what
purpose is such a surety, who should only engage to us in

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cHAP. v.] satisfaction or easin. " ' 203 the name of God? If Christ be a mere man, such as they represent him, could his engagement give us a greater assurance of the truth of the divine promises, than if we heard them immediately from the mouth of God himself? Was it not necessary H. God, who cannot lie, should first of all engage to us, that the man Christ would be true in all his sayings, before we could with sure confidence rely upon them? Is it not much better and more safe, to rely upon the oath of the infallible God, by which he has abundantly confirmed to the heirs of promise, the immutability of his counsel, Heb. vi. 17. than on the declaration of a mere man, let him be ever so true and faithful? ...And what peculiar excellency would Christ have had above others in this case, to the honour of being the alone.Surety, had he only, by the publication of a saving doctrine, . he confirmed by his martyrdom, assured us of the certainty of the promises of grace: seeing the other phets and apostles of Christ did the very same, not in to undergo the most cruel death, in order to seal with their blood the truth of God's promises, which they had declared P What can vilify Christ, or make void his suretiship, if this does not ? II. Christ therefore is called our Surety, because he engaged to God to make SATISF Action Fow us. Which satisfaction again is not to be understood in the Socinian sense, as if it only consisted in this, that Christ most perfectly fulfilled the will of sood, and fully executed everything God enjoined him, on account of our salvation, and so in the fullest manner sati God, and that for us, that is, on our account, for our highest and eternal : as Crellius, when making the greatest concessions, would fain put us off with there fair words: but it con. sists in this, that Christ, in our room and stead, did both by doing and suffering, satisfy divine justice, both the > the retributive, and windictive, in the most perfect manner, ful. filling all the righteousness of the law, which the law otherwise required of us, in order to impunity, and to our having a right to eternal life. If Christ did this, as we are immediately to

shew he did, nothing hinders why we may not affirm, he satis

fied for us in the fullest sense of the word. For to what purpose isit superciliously to reject a term so commodious, because not to be met with on this subject in scripture, if we can prowe the thing signified by it? 'w , , , ,

III. We find his e ing to make this satisfaction, Psal. xl. 6, 7, 8, expressed in É. words by Christ: “Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire, mine ears hast thou opened: burnt-offering and sin-offering thou hast not required.

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204 J or the suitarishir and [Book II. -
Then said I, Lo! I come: in the volume of the book it is l
written of me: “I delight to do thy will, O my God; yea, thy -
law is within my bowels or heart". Where observe, 1st.
The covenant between the Lord Christ and the Father, by

virtue of which Christ calls the Father his God. 2dly. That
Christ freely, and of his own accord, entered into this cove-
nant with the Father; since he compares himself to a servant, ---
whose ears were bored or digged through, in order volun- -
tarily to serve his beloved Lord, 3dly. That by virtue of
this covenant, Christ presented himself to do the acceptable
will of his God. 4thly...That that will was expressed by a
law, which Christ has within his bowels or heart, which he
loves from his soul, and is to keep with all his heart. 5thly.
That that law requires, not o perfect righteousness, in or-
der to obtain a right to eternal life, but also deserved punish:
ment to be inflicted on the sinner. For all this was signified
by the sacrifices, gifts, burnt-offerings, and sin-offerings, of the
law." For when the sinner offered to God beasts or corn,
which were given to himself for food, and was careful to have
them consumed by fire, as it were in his own room, he there-
by confessed that, on account of his sin, he deserved the most

dreadful destruction, and even the eternal flames of . hell.
6thly. That these external ceremonies of sacrifice could never,
without a respect to the thing signified, p. God, nor
purge the conscience from dead works: therefore, Christ offer-
ed himself, in order to accomplish that will of God, by which
we are sanctified, Heb. x. 10, both by fulfilling all the right-
edusness prescribed by the law, and by undergoing the guilt
of our sins, that he might atone for them as an expiatory sacri-
fice. All these things are contained in the suretiship of Christ
described by David. *

IV. Christ could, without any injury, undertake such a

suretiship; 1st. Because he was the lord of his own life, which, on account of his power over it, he could engage to lay down for others, John x. 18. I have power to lay it

down. 2dly. Because being God-man in one person, he was i able to perform what he undertook, by enduring condign ** unishment, by fulfilling all righteousness, and in both, per- o #. an obedience of such value as to be more than equi

valent to the obedience of all the elect. 3dly. Because by that means, he gave an instance of an extraordinary and incomprehensible degree of love, both to the glory of God and the salvation of men. 4thly. Nor has his human nature any reason to complain, because a creature could have no greater glory than to be hypostatically united with a divine person,

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chap. v.] satisfaction of cHRIST. 205

and be subservient to him for accomplishing the greatest work,
which the whole choir of elect angels of with astonishment
celebrate through eternity; especially seeing it was assured,
that after its sufferings, which were indeed the greatest that

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o could be, yet of a short duration, that which was made, a t little lower than the angels, should obtain a name above every

Dame. -- - - - - “ . . . to - V. It was also worthy of God the Father, both to rocure | and accept of this suretiship of his Son; because in the exe

cution of it, there is a manifestation of the truth of God, exactly fulfilling every thing he had promised in F. law to his justice, and had threatened against sin; and of the goodness, -- of God, reconciling to himself sinful and wretched man, on giving and admitting a proper Mediator; and of the justice of Ged, not clearing the guilty, without a sufficient satisfac. tion; nay, .*.* ar more excellent satisfaction, than could ever be given by man himself, because of the more excellent obedience of Christ, and his more meritorious sufferings, Rom. iii. 25. and of the holiness of God, not admitting, man unto a blessed communion with himself, unless ; by the blood, and sanctified by the Spirit of Christ; in fine, #. †y of God, who, as what seemed almost a. thing incredible, is, by this means, become, without any di-, o minution to his perfections, the God and salvation of the sin| ner. Hence it is, that the Lord Jesus, in the execution of his. undertaking, professes, he manifested the name, that is, the perfections of God, John xvii. 6... particularly those we have. just now mentioned, Psal. lx. 10. “I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart, I have declared thy, FAITHFull-, Ness and thy salvation: I have not conceal thy Loving. KINoNess, and thy TRUTH, from the great con tion.". As then nothing can be thought more worthy of God, than the manifesting in the most illustrious manner, the glory of the divine perfections, and these perfections shine .# no where. with greater lustre, than in the satisfaction of Christ, it was

altogether worthy of God to procure and admit his undertaking such a satisfaction. . . . . . . ... • * VI. Nor by the admission of such suretiship is there any, abrogation of, or derogation to the divine law; as lit s contradiction of, or substitution of another, but only a favour. - able construction put upon it, because the law, as it, so | but only taken in a favourable, sense, was most, fully satisfied.

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- - o by the Redeemer, who, was in the closest union withous; when he paid the due ransom. Whence the apostle said, or Rom. viii. 4. the righteousness of the law was fulfilled by, Christ. We shall not improperly conceive pf the who, in

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the following manner: the law declares, there is no admis- *

sion for any to eternal life, but on the account of a most persect and complete righteousness; also; that every sinner shalf undergo the penalty of death, and be under its dominion for ever. However, it is a doubtful matter, not explained by the law, whether that perfect righteousness must necessarily be performed by the very person to be saved, or, whether a surety may be admitted, who shall perform it in his room. Again; it is doubtful, whether it was necessary the sinner should, in his own person, undergo the deserved punishment, or whether he ..truly undergo it in the person of a sponsor. In fine, it is a matter of doubt, whether he who was to undergo the penalty, ought to do so to an infinited s with respect to duration, or whether, that dominion of death. could be abolished by the sufficient dignity and worth of the rson who should undergo it, and so death be swallowed up in vietory: strict justice would, as the words seem to import, at first view, demand the former; but the favourable construction, which, according to Aristotle, Ethic lib. v. c. 10, is an amendment of the law, where it is deficient, on account of its universality, admits of the latter, where it can be obtained; as really, was, and is the case with Christ and €hristians. Thus therefore, that in which the law seemed - * to be defective from its universality, comes to be corrected; not as to the intention of God the lawgiver, which is alto- gether invariable, and always most perfect; but as to the ex- • §: of the words: almost in the same manner; as if a. i should be admitted to pay an equivalent fine for his son, * and instead of silver, make payment in gold. This would be a favourable interpretation of the law. VII. Nor was it unjust for Christ to be punished for us: seeing Socinus himself and Crellius own, that the most griewous torments, nay, death itself, might be inflicted on Christ, “ though most innocent; which also appears from the event. For God; in right of his dominion, could lay all those afflictions out 6hrist; especially with the effectual consent of the Lord Jesus himself, who had power over his own life. The whole difficulty lies in the formality of the punishment. But as * Christ, most willingly took upon himself our transgressions, and the trespasses we had committed against the divine majesty, and offered himself as a surety for them; God, as the supreme governor could justly exact punishment of Christ in our room, and actually did so. And thus the chastisement of our peace, that exemplary punishment inflicted on Christ, in which God by the brightest example, shewed his implacable hatred to sin, “was upon him,” Isa. lifi: 5. who

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