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chap. IX.] For whom christ satisfied. 267
red, because Paul proposes it here as a pattern of the conju
ed to all men, teaching us that denying ungodliness, &c. nei
ther avails our adversaries, nor is any way detrimental to the truth we maintain. For, 1st. The preaching of the gospel by which the saving grace of God is offered, and which is here intended by that expression, had not reached all mankind without exception, nay nor every nation in the days of Paul. 2dly. The preaching of the gospel reaches the ears of a great many more than of those, who are the objects of that love of Christ which bringeth salvation ? For it is only an external mean, by which the elect, out of every nation, are brought to the communion of Christ. And therefore the gospel is to be preached to every nation, without distinction, that the elect therein may hear it. .3dly. We should observe the apostle's scope, which is to encourage servants to the exercise of universal piety, that by their holy conversation, they may adorn the doctrine of Christ in all things. The reason he gives for this is, because the saving grace of Christ has appeared, both to masters and servants, teaching us, &c. As if he had said, ‘That all men, of whatever rank, professing the gospel, ought “to reckon it their duty to adorn its doctrine by the purity * of their manners : for as to the doctrine itself, it so F. ‘so expressly, and so efficaciously, instructs us in all good‘ness as none, but they who wilfully stop their ears, can be “ignorant of And therefore all the professors of it, as well “masters as servants, should take care, lest they bring a ‘scandal on this most perfect of all rules, by lives which have ‘little or no conformity to it.’ This is the full import
of these words, so that any may see that they make nothing.
for the universal efficacy of Christ's death. , ro XXX. If we search the matter to the bottom we will most clearly discern, that it never was Christ's intention to sa
tisfy for all in general Certainly, he satisfied only for / those he engaged for. But he engaged “to do the will of his "ather,” Psal. xl. 9. But this is the will of his Father, not that every man should be saved, but those that were given him, that is, the elect out of every nation, who are to receive the gift of faith. Those the Father gave him for an inheritance by an irrevocable testament. For thus Jehovah speaks, Isa. §: 6. “It is a light, thing that thou shouldst be my ser- -vant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.” And Christ himself still more clearly, John vi. 39. “This is the Father's will, which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing.” But all are not given to Christ, only those that come oim, v. 37. “all that the Father giveth me shall come to me.” He therefore only engaged for these, according to the will of the Father: took their sins upon him, carried them on his heart, when he offered himself to the Father; claims them as his
uliar property, in virtue of his merit, according to
XXXI. o these particulars may be further illustrated,
chap. IX.] FOR WILOM CHRIST SATISFIED. 269
and consecrated a royal priesthood to God; as Peter seems not obscurely to signify, 1 Pet. ii. 5. As therefore the high priest formerly offered an atoning sacrifice not for the Egyptians or Canaanites, but for the typical Israel . So our high priest, according to the order of Melchizedek, offered himself once, not for Åo reprobates, but for mystical Israel, that is, the truly chosen. ... XXXII. This truth will appear very plain, if we attend to some of the inseparable effects of Christ's satisfaction. It would carry us too far to enumerate all: let us consider some of the principal. “If they who were enemies to God were reconciled by the death of his Son; much more being reconciled, they 3. be saved by his life,” Rom. v. 10. For whom God, not sparing his own Son, gave him up unto death, “with him freely he gives them all things,” Rom. viii. 32. We may boldly say to them for whom Christ died, “who shall la any thing to the charge of God's Elect? It is God that justifieth. Who is he that condemneth?” &c. v. 33, 34. They whom Christ redeemed from the curse of the law are not under the curse, but “the blessing of Abraham, cometh upon them,” Gal. iii. 13, 14. But this is not true of all and ev one, but of elect believers only, that they are saved by the # of Christ: that with Christ § freely gives them . things; that none can lay any thing to their charge, or bring an accusation against them ; that upon them is come the blessing of Abraham. Therefore they alone are the persons of whom the foregoing things may be truly affirmed. XXXIII. That fictitious satisfaction for the reprobate, and those who perish, is altogether a vain and useless thing. For, whom does it profit? Not certainly God, who by no act can be rendered happier than he is. Not Christ himself, who, as he never seeks them, so he never receives, for his peculiar roperty, and neither is he enriched by possessing them, #. supposed to have purchased them at a #. Tate. Not 7 believers, who content with their portion in “God and in Christ, and fully redeemed by Christ, enjoy a happiness, in every respect complete. . In fine, not *... that perish, who are constrained to satisfy in their own persons, for their sins to the utmost farthing. But to affirm the satisfaction of Christ to be a vain and useless thing is absurd, and borders upon blasphemy. Remigius, formerly bishop of Lyons, said extremely well, when discoursing at large on this controverted point, “The blood of Christ is a great price; such a price can, in no respect, be in vain and ineffec
* - . . . . . . ** * **, *, * * * * * *** * - - - * . *
tual, but rather is filled with the super-abundant advantage
* There is a deficiency in this part of the paragraph in the first and third editions, which, by the favour of a particular friend, I got supplied from the second.
XXXVI. I should now refute the arguments of those on the other side of the question; but this has been done at large, and with so much judgment, by very learned men, that we can scarce make any addition. The very accurate dissertation of Gomarus on this head, may especially be consulted, which is inserted in his commentaries on the epistle to the Galatians.
I. Thus far we have at large treated of those things that