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chap. x.] THE SACRAMENTs. 277

injurious to the wisdom of God, who appointed them. 2dly.
#. the faith of Christ had no ...yet it was but hum.
and depended on the influence, support, and corroboration of the
Deity, and as he usually does this by the means he has appoint-
ed for that pu , it was the duty of the man Christ, to obey
this will of §. and carefully apply the means adapted to
that end, some of which are the Sacraments. 3Cly. None, I
imagine, will deny, that Christ preserved, exerted, and strength-
.#his own faith by devout prayers, pious meditation on the
word of God, an attentive observation of the ways of God to.
wards himself and other believers, the contemplation of the
divine perfections, and by a full exercise of instituted worship.
For as these are things inseparable from the duty of a pious man,
so they very much contribute to preserve and strengthen faith.
Why should we not then believe, that they had the same effect
on Christ as what, by their nature they are adapted to have *
And if, by these means, the faith of Christ was supported, why
not also by the Sacraments? 4thly. Nay, as often as a more bit-
ter temptation, or dreadful affliction assaulted him, he was con-
firmed in the faith of ‘.... by extraordinary means;
such as the appearance of God at Jordan, the descent of the Holy
Spirit, Matt. iii. 16, 17.; the ministry of angels, Matt. iv. 11.; the
glorious transfiguration on the holy mountain, Matt. xvii.1, &c.
A voice from heaven, John Xii. 28. And an angel strengthening
him in his agony, Luke xx. 43. So from this, I conclude, that
since it was fit, Christ should at times be eonfirmed in faith by
extraordinary means, it was no ways unfit to allow the or-
dinary means of the Sacraments to be applied for the same

Po Nor was it less proper, that Christ should so solemnl
reiterate his engagements in the use of the Sacraments, o:
the Father was fully persuaded of his veracity and fidelity. For,
1. That free and often repeated profession of Christ's alacrity to
perform everything he en for, contributed to the glory of
the Father. 2. The zeal of Christ himself, though never vicious-
ly languid, was yet roused and kindled to a flame by that repe-
tition of his obligation. 3. It was highly useful to believers,
who either were eye witnesses of his actions, or otherwise ac-
quainted with them attentively, to consider that open declaration
of Christ. For thus they were both strengthened in the faith of
Christ, and excited to a like alacrity of zeal. Whence we con-
clude, that the use of the Sacraments was neither a vain, nor
an empty thing to Christ.
XXII. Having premised these things in general, concerning

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the Sacraments which Christ used, let us briefly take a view of
each. "And the first is his circumcision, intimated, Luke ii.
21. Which signified, and sealed to Christ, 1st. That he was
acknowledged by the Father as the promised seed of Abraham,
in whom all the nations of the earth were to be blessed. 2dly.
That his death and cutting off out of the land of the living, Isa.
liii. 8. should be the means of the preservation and life of his
whole mystical body, as the cutting off of the foreskin, in the
Jews, was a mean for the preservation of the whole person. For
they who neglected this were threatened to be cutoff from among
their people, Gen. xvii. 14. 3dly. That his people were to de-
rive from him the circumcision made without hands, consisting
of putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, to be begun in
neration, carried on in sanctification, and consummated in

the glorification both of body and soul, Col. ii. 11.

XXIII. On the other hand, Christ promised in circumcision, 1st. That he would in general perform all righteousness, see Gal. v. 3. And on his coming into the world he proclaimed this by this solemn token, “lo! I come to do thy will, O God,” Psal. xl. 8, 9, 2dly. More especially, that he was ready and prepared to shed his blood, and undergo those sufferings b which he was under obligations to satisfy the justice of 3. For he entered upon life by undergoing pain and shedding his blood on jday. And, 3dly. Most of all, that being now made flesh of our flesh, Eph. v. 30, he would willingly, at the appointed time give himself up to death, and to be cut off out of the land of the living, in order thereby to be the Saviour of his mystical body, Eph. v. 13. . . . . . . . .

XXIV. Of a like nature is the consideration of the Baptism of Christ. In which 1st. The Father openly declared, that he acknowledged the Lord Jesus for his Son, whose person and offices were most acceptable to him. 2dly. That Christ should be filled with the gifts of the Spirit, not only to be furnished with them, in the fullest manner for the executing his office, but for believers to derive abundantly from his fulness. This was signified both .. water of baptism, Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 27. and by the symbol of the descending dove. 3dly. That in the appointed time Christ should by a glorious resurrection, come out of the waters of tribulation, and lift up his head, Psal. cx. 7. and xl. 3. as the baptized person ascends out of the water. 4thly. On the other hand Jesus declared his readiness to plunge into the torrents of hell, yet with an and faith and hope of a deliverance.

XXV. In the PAssoven was signified to the Lord Jesus, 1st.

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CHAP. x.] . THE SACRAMENTS. 279

his being acknowledged by the Father the Lamb without spot or
blemish, and separate from sinners. 2dly. That by his blood,
he was certainly to obtain for believers deliverance from the de-
stroying angel, as the Israelites in Egypt, by the blood of the
passover. ‘ On the other hand, Jesus made a declaration of his
readiness to undergo the most bitter things for his people, pre-
figured by the bitter herbs of the passover, and to shed his blood
and be slain and scorched in the fire of the divine anger burning
against our sins; in a word, to give himself wholly for us, as
the Gospel Lamb was all of it to be consumed. * . . . .
XXVI. Here I cannot omit what the celebrated Buxtorf has
observed in the dissertation above quoted, § 54. that the cir-
cumcision of Christ and his death on the cross, were very
elegantly and exactly prefigured, by the manner of slaying the
paschal {.. as described in the Talmud on the passover, chap.
v. in Mischna, in these words: “How do they hang up and
excoriate, or flea off the skin of the lamb to be slain? Iron hooks
or nails, were fixed in the walls and pillars; on which nails
they hanged up and excoriated, or flead the lamb. If, on account
of the number of the slayers, there was not room enough on the
nails, they had recourse to slender smooth sticks; upon one of
these a person took up the lamb and laid it on his own and his
neighbour's shoulders; thus they hung up and excoriated the
lamb.” And much to the same purpose is what Bochart has re-
marked in his Hierozoicon, lib. 2. c. v. from Maimonides in his
book de Paschate, c. viii, sect. 13. “When they roast the pas-
chal lamb, they transfix it from the middle of the mouth to the
pudenda, with a wooden spit or broach, and placing fire under-
neath suspend it in the middle of the oven.” In order therefore
to roast it, they did not turn it on an iron spit, in the manner
used by us, but suspended it transfixed with one made of wood,
which, in some measure, represented Christ hanging on the cross.
Especially, if what Justin Martyr mentions is true in his dia-
logue with Trypho the Jew. “The roasted lamb was made into
the figure of a cross, by empaling, or spitting it, from head to
tail, and then from one shoulder to the other with a skewer, on
which last were extended the fore feet, and thus it was roasted.”
And why may we not give credit to this relation of a man not
only pious, but also well skilled in the Jewish customs, having
been . at Sichem, and the son of a Samaritan? Since then
the passover presented such a clear resemblance of the crucifix-
ion, Christ, when he partook of it, promised an obedience even
unto the cross. -
XXVII. Thesignificationof the Holy Supper is much the same:

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280 how christ USED, &c. * [sook 11.

by it was sealed to Christ, 1st. That he should be to the elect the sweetest food, meat and drink, for their spiritual and eternal * life. 2dly. That the virtue of his merits should be celebrated * by believostill his return again to ju t. 3dly. That, together with believers, he should enjoy a heavenly feast, never to have an end. But then again, Christ promised the breakin of his body and the shedding of his blood. And thus in and each of the Sacraments, which Christ made use of, there was a solemn repetition and a sealing of the covenant entered

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into between him and the Father.
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I. The plan of this work, formerly laid down, has now brought
us to treat of God's CovenaNT witH THE Elect, founded on
the compact between the Father and the Son. The nature of
which we shall first unfold in general, and then more particu-
larly explain it in the following order, as first to speak of the
CoNTRACTING PARTIEs: then enquire into the Paomises of
the covenant, and moreover, examine whether, and what, and
how far, any thing may be required of the Elect, by way of a
condition in the covenant; in fine, to debate whether this co-
venant has its peculiar THREATENINGs. --
II. The Conrn Actring PARTIEs are on the one part, God;
on the other, the ELECT. And God is to be considered, 1st.
As truly all-sufficient, for all manner of happiness, not only to
himself, nay, nor only to the innocent creature, but also to
guilty and sinful man. He himself impressed this upon
Abraham at the renewal of the covenant, when God emphati-
cally called himself the Almighty God, or God all-sufficient,
Gen. xvii. 1. denotes and sometimes too in the
abstract, power, as Prov. iii. 27. * *k, power of thine hand.

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