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solved, That this Court, feelingly alive to the importance of the present crisis, and deeply sensible how much the future happiness of the Empire depends on the appeal of our Most Gracious Sovereign being met by an earnest and powerful response on the part of his people in favor of the great measure of Parliamentary Reform, are anxious to express their confident hope that, at the general election about to take place, all minor considerations will be absorbed in the one great duty before the electors of promoting their country's welfare, and that, sacrificing to that paramount object all prejudices, interests, partialities, and friendships, they will exert their undivided energies to procure the return of such Members, and such Members only as will unequivocally pledge themselves to support His Majesty's Ministers in carrying the great question of Reform to a successful issue, and thereby overthrowing a faction arrayed in hostility against the liberties of their country, and seeking to maintain themselves in the usurpation of a power unknown to the Constitution, and no less injurious to the prerogatives of the Crown than destructive of the legitimate rights of the people.”

At the twenty-sixth anniversary of the British and Foreign School Society, held in London last month, among other speakers, Mr. Montgomery, of Sheffield, in seconding one of the Resolutions, said of this excellent charity :-"He had come there from a distant town, exhausted in body, and in some respects discouraged in mind, and it was not his intention to have taken any part in the business of the day, nor should he have done so, but that it had been intimated to him by some of the best friends of the British and Foreign School Society--the friends of the children of ignorance all over the world—that it would be considered acceptable if he were to show his face there; but, beyond a few words, he would not trespass on their indulgence, and the less so, because he knew that their hearts responded to the motion before them, and they were no doubt anxious to testify it by their hands held up in support of it. When the mother of the Gracchi was visited by another Roman lady who made an ostentatious display of the jewels in her possession, and was asked to show her jewels, she immediately pointed to where her two sons sat, and said, • These are my jewels. In the same manner, William the Fourth, the father of his people, might that day point to his jewels, the most precious ornaments of his crown, the thousands and millions of his subjects who looked to him with affection and attachment, and who were alike the ornaments of his crown and the best support of his throne. Long may he live to wear them until they grow dim with ageuntil he exchanged his earthly crown for one of immortality! A person who once was shown an ingenious piece of mechanism, which he could not apply at the moment to any practical use, asked Dr. Franklin what was the use of it? To which that learned man replied, • What was the use of a new-born child ? Every mother knew of what use it was, yet nothing could be imagined more helpless-the most helpless of all created beings-nothing which could less be applied to immediate practical use. When the Egyptian princess saw the infant borne along in the wicker ark floating down the Nile, she did not ask her attendant maiden of what use a new-born child was, nor did the maid reply that it was fit only to be wafted along and drowned. Without any question she saved the child, and that child became afterwards too powerful for Egypt itself;-that helpless, and apparently forsaken child, became afterwards the giver of the law, on which was afterwards founded that now spread throughout the Christian world. Allusion had been made to the Arabs in the institution of the Society. He would say, that 1500 years ago a child was born in Arabia, who grew from a helpless infant to man's estate without power or influence, yet no man uninspired by the power of the Deity had ever so much influenced the destinies of mankind. At first he affected to despise letters; he gained this power, not by moral influence, but by that of the sword; and by degrees he subdued the remnant of the Roman power in Asia. Conquests, however, obtained by mere brute force were not permanent unless supported by the same power which made them. Knowlege however was power. The followers of Mahomed, the man to whom he alluded, by degrees came to cultivate knowledge;

and by the encouragement which some of those princes afterwards gave to the arts in Greece, they made some compensation for the destruction of the Alexandrian Library, But the only fixed hold they got of their conquests was by that influence which their knowledge gave them. Of what use, it was asked, was a new-born child ? Here was a helpless new-born infant, and to what great purpose had he been destined ?. He would take one example

More than 1800 years ago Jesus was born in Judea, in the days of King Herod. So destitute did bis external condition appear to be, that if a person were to ask then of what use was a new-born child, it might almost be answered, let it perish rather than endure the sufferings to which it was exposed; and yet, that helpless, perishing infant, was now recognised as the Lord Jesus all over the Christian world. He here viewed Jesus in his humanity alone; and assuming for a moment that he was not known to the Gentiles as the Son of God, he had, as man, influenced the world more than any other being that had ever come into it." Would it then be again asked, What was the use of a new-born child ?”





the value to Lord Nelson of every adAt his residence in Bath, February 13, ditional ship, uninjured and without deRear-Admiral Sir Edward Berry, Bart., lay; therefore, by his superior seamanK.C.B., aged 62. This distinguished ship and skill, he contrived to get away officer had been several years suffering from them uninjured, and joined Lord under severe illness and extreme debi- Nelson a short time before the great lity, the effect of paralysis, which ren battle of Trafalgar. He continued in the dered him totally incapable of taking command of the Agamemnon at the battle upon himself the active duties for which off St. Domingo, under Sir John Duckhis distinguished talents in his profes. worth. Soon after this, the Committee sion, and his high character, so eminent of the Patriotic Fund at Lloyd's presented ly qualified him. Sir Edward Berry was Sir Edward with a sword, value 100 the only officer in his Majesty's navy guineas, also with three silver vases, who had the honor of three medals, commemorative of the three great battles having commanded a line-of-battle ship in which he had been engaged ; and at in the battles of the Nile, Trafalgar, and the close of the same year he was created St. Domingo. When first-lieutenant of a Baronet, by patent, dated Dec. 12, 1806, the Captain, at Porto Feraijo, Sir Hora In 1812, Sir Edward commanded the tio Nelson recommended him for promo- Barfleur, 98, under Lord Exmouth, and țion for “ the masterly style in which he His Majesty gave him the command of brought that ship to bear on the batte two royal yachts in succession. At the ries, He particularly distinguished enlargement of the order of the Bath in himself in the same ship in the battle 1812, he was nominated a Knight Comoff Cape St. Vincent, and was the first panion; he was appointed a Colonel of man who boarded the San Nicholas, 80 Marines in 1819, and a Rear-Admiral in guns, and the San Josef, 112 guns. For 1821. Sir Edward Berry was remarkable this heroic conduct he was made a Post for his coolness and intrepidity in carry. Captain, March 16, 1797. He command- ing into action his ship, which was at all ed the Vanguard, at the battle of the times well disciplined, but without un. Nile, under Lord Nelson, whose esti- due severity and coercion. He was of mate of his valuable services was thus the school of Earl St. Vincent and Lord expressed in his despatches to the Ad- Nelson, and had the honor to enjoy the miralty : “ The support and assistance I personal friendship of both through life. have received from Captain Berry can

Sir Edward married in 1797 his first not be sufficiently expressed; I was cousin Louisa, daughter of the Rev. wounded in the head, and obliged to be Samuel Forster, D.D. Rector of Shotley, carried off the deck; but the service in Suffolk ; he died without issue, and suffered no loss by that event; Captain the baronetcy has consequently become Berry was fully equal to the important extinct. service then going on. Being charged SHIRLEY WOOLMER, Esq. with despatches to the Admiralty, he Feb. 18.-At his residence in Upper was returning home as a passenger in the Southernhay, Exeter, aged 72, Shirley Leander, 50 guns, commanded by the Woolmer, Esq. formerly a bookseller in late Sir T. B. Thompson, when that ship, that city. after a desperate resistance, was cap As a bibliopolist Mr. Shirley Woolmer tured by the Genereus, a French 74. was never surpassed, whilst his indeCap. Thompson particularly mentioned fatigable exertions in the pursuit of the the great assistance he received from sciences of Mineralogy and Geology have Captain Berry on this occasion, and the rendered his name renowned amongst Court Martial on Captain Thompson ex those who have devoted themselves to pressed their approbation to Captain these branches of useful knowledge. Berry “ for the gallant and active zeal He frequently contributed papers on he manifested by giving his assistance in these subjects to periodical publicathe combat.” He received the honor of tions, and it is some consolation to knighthood, December 12th, 1798, and those who hope to join him in another was presented with the freedom of the and a better world, to know that his City of London in a gold box, value 100 exertions ever tended to enhance the guineas. Sir Edward afterwards com goodness of the Creator, and to vin. manded the Foudroyant, 80 guns, at the dicate his Sacred Book from the at. capture of the Genereux, and of the tempt of the sceptic to bring it into Guillaume Tell, 84 guns. In 1805, Sir contempt. Edward Berry commanded the Agamem. Those only who knew his innate good. non, 64 guns, appointed to join Lord ness of heart can appreciate his worth. Nelson's feet, and on his passage out To the world he was known as a keen most conspicuously, evinced seaman investigator of science--a devout and ship. During the night he found him consistent professor of the Gospel; to self with a single ship, and that very his family and connexions, as a kind and old and of very small dimensions for her affectionate parent, and a close and rate, in the midst of the Rochfort squa- steady friend, whose advice was ever dr on, off Cape Finisterre. He well knew sought in the hour of perplexity.



leyne ; 4. Samuel, married, and has is. He was well known by his excellent sue ; 5. Richard ; 6. Mary; 7. Margaret; agricultural writings. He died Feb. 14, 8. Brian, who died young ; 9. Jane ; 10. at Drylawhill, East Lothian, in his 74th Brian ; 11. Thomas; 12. Eliza-Anne ; 13. year. He was born in the village of Emma; and 14. William, who died East Linton, where he entered into busi- young. ness; but his natural genius soon led him to agricultural pursuits, which he At Bristol, February 21st, aged 68, the followed with singular success. He Rev. Robert Hall, M.A. He was the commenced his agricultural. career at son of the Rev. Robert Hall, Minister of Westfortune, and soon afterwards re the Particular Baptists at Arnsby in moved to Markle. Mr. Brown was a co. Leicestershire. For his education he temporary and intimate acquaintance of was first placed under the care of the the late George Rennie, Esq., of Phan. Rev. Dr. Ryland, at Northampton, and tassie, and to the memory of them both then sent to the Baptist Academy at agriculture owes a tribute of gratitude. Bristol, whence he proceeded in 1781 to Mr. Rennie chiefly confined his atten the King's College at Aberdeen. After tion to the practice of agriculture, and four years residence there, he returned his fine estate furnished evidence of the to the academy at Bristol to become asskill with which his plans were devised, sistant to Dr. Caleb Evans, in which and of the accuracy with which they situation he continued until 1791, when were executed. While Mr. Brown fol. he succeeded the Rev. Robert Robertlowed close on Mr. Rennie in the field, son as minister at Cambridge. Whilst the energies of his mind were, however, there resident he became known to, and more particularly directed to the literary admired by some of the most distindepartment of agriculture. His “ Trea. guished scholars of the age. Dr. Parr tise on Rural Affairs,” and his articles said of him," Mr. Hall has, like Bishop in the “ Edinburgh Farmer's Magazine,” Taylor, the eloquence of an orator, the (of which he was conductor during fíf- fancy of a poet, the acuteness of a school. teen years,) evinced the soundness of man, the profoundness of a philosopher, his practical knowledge and the energy and the piety of a saint.” It is said that of his intellectual faculties. His best arti- he was offered ordination by Bishop cles are translated into the French and Barrington. From Cambridge, about German languages; and “ Robert Brown 1804, he removed to Leicester, where of Markle” is quoted by continental wri. he was pastor of the meeting in Harvey ters, as an authority on agricultural sub- Lane until invited to succeed Dr. Ryjects. He took an active interest in the land at Bristol in 1826. Mr. Hall's pubpublic welfare, especially when rural lications appeared under the following economy was concerned, and by his titles :-“ Christianity consistent with death the tenantry of Scotland have lost the love of Freedom, being an answer a no less sincere friend than an able to a sermon by the Rev. John Clayton," and zealous advocate.-Gardener's Maga. 1791, 8v0.-" Apology for the Freedom zine.

of the Press, and for general Liberty,

with remarks on Bishop Horsley's serAt Hough, Cheshire, aged 85, the mon, preached 13th Jan. 1793," 8vo.-Rev. Robert Hill, Rector of Great Bo “ Modern Infidelity considered with relas, Salop, and perpetual Curate of Talk- spect to its influence on society; a sero'-th’Hill, Staffordshire, for many years mon preached at Cambridge,” 1800, 8vo. a magistrate for Cheshire, uncle to Gen. -“ Reflections on War, a sermon, on Lord Hill, and younger brother to the June 1, 1802, being the day of thankscelebrated Rev. Rowland Hill. He was giving for a General Peace."-" The the seventh son of Sir Rowland Hill, of Sentiments proper to the present crisis, Hawkstone, in Shropshire, the first ba. a Fast sermon at Bristol, Oct. 19, 1803.” ronet, by Jane, daughter of Sir Brian " The effects of Civilization on the Broughton, of Broughton, in Stafford- people in European States," 1805. shire, bart. He was of All Souls' College, * The advantages of Knowledge to the Oxford, B.C.L. 1772; was in that year Lower Classes, a sermon at Leicester," presented by his father to the rectory of 1810.-" The discouragements and supGreat Bolas, and by Miss Wilbraham ports of the Christian minister, an ordi(whom he shortly after married) to the nation sermon," 1812.-“ The character rectory of St. Mary's in Chester. The of the late Rev. Thomas Robinson, Vicar latter he resigned in 1803 to his brother of St. Mary's, Leicester,”: 1813.—“Ad. Rowland, on being presented to Talk by dress to the public on an important subthe Rev. W. Hicken, vicar of Audley. ject connected with the renewal of the Mr. Will married Mary, daughter and Charter of the East India Company." sole heiress of the Rev. John Wilbra- 1813.-"An Address to the Rev. Eustace ham, rector of St. Mary's, Chester, by Carey, Jan. 19, 1814, on his designation as whom he bad nine sons and five daugh- a Christian Missionary to India.”—“On ters : 1. the Rev. Rob. Wilbraham Terms of Communion; with a particular Bromhall Hill, rector of Walters Upton, view to the case of the Baptists and the Salop, who is deceased, but has left a fa- Pædo-Baptists,” 1815.-"* The essential mily; 2. John, a barrister-at-law, mar difference between Christian Baptism ried, and has issue ; 3. Rowland Al- and the Baptism of John more fully


stated and confirmed."-"A sermon oc of Throcking, Herts.-The Rev. N. Morgan, casioned by the death of the Princess M.A. Rector of Rearsby, Leicestershire, to the Charlotte of Wales, preached at Leices- Living of Aston, near Birmingham. - The Rev. ter,” 1817.—A sermon on the death wickshire, to the Perpetual Curacy of Water of Dr. Ryland,” 1826. Mr. Hall was Orton, in the same parisb, void by the death of for some time one of the conductors the Rev. R. Sadler.-The Rev. J. Cottingham, of the Eclectic Review. The name of B.A. of Clare Hall, Cambridge, to the PerpeMr. Hall stood prominent as one of the

tual Curacy of Shotwick, Cheshire. first pulpit orators of the day; his oratory was soft, mellifluous, rich, deep and flu- Richard Pepper Arden, of Pepper Hall, York

Married.)-At St. James's Church, the Hon. ent as the flowing of a mighty river—to shire, to the Lady Arabella Vane. this he added an earnestness and fervency At St. George's, Bloomsbury, the Rev. Alfred which impressed his audience with the Williams to Rosetta Lambert, youngest daughter sincerity of his belief. From had health, of the late T. Cotton, Esq. of Chace Lodge,

Enfield. and a peculiarly delicate nervous temperament, he hardly ever studied any of Highgate, and of Toddington, 'Beds, to Laura

At Hornsey, W.C.Cooper, Esq.of Park House, the orations that he delivered, or even Georgiana, eldest daughter of Captain

Ellis. thought of them until he had entered the C. P. Meyer, Esq. of Forty Hill, Enfield, to pulpit. His addresses were in conse Anna Maria, daughter of the late C. Lindegren, quence unequal. There was at times a Esg. heaviness in his discourses, which was

By special licence, Leonard Thompson, Esq.

eldest son of George Lowther Thompson, Esq. apt to make strangers wonder at the re

of Sheriff Hutton Park, Yorkshire, to Miss putation for oratory to which he had at

Mary Wentworth Fitzwilliam, second daughter tained; but when his health was firm, of Lord Milton. his spirits good, and his theme congenial, The Rev. William Gilson, to Eliza, third no man ever rose to higher and happier daughter of the Bishop of Chester. flights than he did in these purely extem

At Paris, the Count de Montebello, son of the

late Marshal Lannes, Duc de Montebello, to poraneous exhibitions.

Mary Teresa, eldest daughter of T. Boddington,


At All Souls Church, Langham place, Francis, The Rev. D. Kyle, to be Bishop of Cork and Hawkins, M.D. of Curzon-street, Mayfair, to Ross.-The Rev. J. Bartholomew, Morchard Hester, third daughter; and on the same day, Bishop R. Devon. - The Rev. J. Biddulph, Le Marchant Thomas, Esq. of Brunswick Lilington V. Warwickshire. - The Rev. 'P. Square, to Margaret, fourth daughter of the Blakiston, Lymington P. C. Hants.-The Rev. Hon. Baron Vaughan. J. Carlos, Wangford, P. C. Suffolk.—The Rev. At Harpsden, V. Vaughan, Esq. of CaverJ. Carr, St. Giles, P. C. Durham.- The Rev. F. sham Grove, Oxon, to Mary Ann, only daughter Cobbold, Helmly R. Bucks. -- The Rev. C. of the late J. Hussey, of Pinkney House, Berks. Childers, Mursley R. Backs.—The Rev. J. D. In the Isle of Thanet, the Rev. C. G. Davies, Coleridge, Lewanwick V. Cornwall.---The Rev. B.A. Minister of the Chapel of Ease, BroadE. Cove, Thoresway R. co. Lincoln.-The Rev. stairs, to Mary Ellen, second daughter of the A. Dicken, Norton R. Suffolk.-The Rev. T. late Col. Thorne, of Snydall, Yorkshire. Fardell, Boothby Pagnall R. co. Lincoln.-The At St. James's Church, the Hon. Leicester Rev. T. Garratt, Talk-o'-the'-Hill P. C. co. Fitzgerald Stanhope, brother to the Earl of Stafford.—The Rev. G. Glover, Gayton V. Nor- Harrington, to Elizabeth William, only daughter folk.-The Rev. T. Henderson, Colne Wake R. and heiress of the late William Green, Esq. of Essex.-The Rev. R. J. King, West Braden Jamaica. ham V. Norfolk.–The Rev. W. C. Leach, Dil At Kingsclere, Hants, the Rev. William N. ham V. Norfolk.-The Rev. E. Lewis, Llanbedr Pedder, M.A. Vícar of Clevedon, Somersetshire, P. C. Radnorshire.—The Rev. T. Lloyd, Llan to Caroline Elizabeth, eldest daughter of P. fairoerllywn R. Cardigan.—The Rev. W. Mar Cotes, Esq. shall, Chickerell R. co. Dorset.-—The Rev. D. Matheson, Knock Ch. co. Ross.-The Rev. J. Died.)–At Marks Hall, Essex, W. P. HonyS. May, Horne V. Kent.--The Rev. G. Salmon, wood, Esq. Shastock R. co. Warwick. - The Rev. J. B. At Worthing, the Right Hon. Edward Garth Watson, Norton V. Herts.- The Rev. W. Wel Turnour, Earl of Winterton, and at Shillinglee lington, Upton Helion R. Devon.—The Rev. C. Park, Sussex, Harriot, Countess of Winterton. Wheeler, Stratton Audley P. C. Oxon.---The At his seat, Perdiswell, Worcestershire, Sir Rev. H. w. White, Dolgelly R. Merioneth- Henry Wakeman, Bart. shire.- The Rev. R. H. Whitelock, Saddleworth At Richmond Park, Elizabeth Countess DowP. C. co. York.-- The Rev. A. W. Eyre, late ager of Pembroke, in the 94th year of her age. Vicar of Stillingfleet, near York, to the Vicarage Hugh Smith, Esq. of Stoke House, near Cobof Hornsea-cum-Riston, Yorkshire.--The Rev. ham, Surrey, J. Bartholomew, to a Prebendary in Exeter At Leases, Yorkshire, in the 93rd year of her Cathedral, vacant by the death of the Rev. J. B. age, Mrs. Anna Maria Arden, sister to the late Coppleston. — The Rev. J. B. Atkinson, M.A. Lord Alvanley. to the Rectory of Kingston, Isle of Wight, At Bath, the Rev. F. Coke, Prebendary of vacant by the death of the Rev. J. D. Ward, Hereford Cathedral, &c. M.A.-The Rev. H. H. Norris, M.A. to the At Bath, Vice-Admiral the Right Hon. Sir Rectory of South Hackney, void by the resigna William Johostone Hope, G.C.B. tion of the Rev. Archdeacon Watson.The Rev. Major General Mackie, Governor of St. Lucie. P. Whittingham, Minor Canon of Norwich In Craven Street, Strand, Rear-Admiral G. Cathedral, to the Rectory of Baddingham, Suf Sayer, C.B. folk.-The Rev. John Chevalier, M.D. to the Åt Binfield Park, Berks, Catherine, sister of Rectory of Cransford, Suffolk.--The Rev. R. the late Lord Sunderlin. Clifton, M.A. to hold by dispensation the Rec In Lower Connaught Place, in his 76th year, tory of Somerton, Oxon, with the Rectory of Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Bentham, K.S.G. St. Nicholas, Worcester. -- The Rev. H. B. late Inspector of Naval Works, and Civil ArOwen, B.D. of St. John's College, Oxford, chitect and Engineer of the Navy. Rector of St. Olave's, Hart-street, to the Rectory At Enfield, John Abernethy, Esq. F.R.S.


JULY, 1831.


The History of Poland, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time.

By James FLETCHER, Esq. With a Narrative of Recent Events, &c. Cochrane and Pickersgill.

When the three crowned felons who partitioned Poland had consummated their crime, (the other sovereigns of Europe regarding the deed with complacency,) little expectation could have been indulged that a nation so mutilated and trampled under barbarian feet would ever again lift its head. When the throned Prostitute of Muscovy either plunged Kosciusko and his companions, the martyrs of the noblest cause, into dungeons or banished them to the inhospitable deserts of Siberia, men little thought of their restoration to liberty by Paul, or that Napoleon would recall Poland into partial existence, though but as the shadow of its former self. How much less could the present glorious effort for freedom have been anticipated, and how little can its result be foreseen? Scarcely four millions of souls have awakened to the recollection of past glories, and stung by the rod of an insane savage set over them by Russia, goaded by cruelty and injury unparalleled in the present state of civilization, save under the rule of the Tzar, have again dared a righteous cause in an appeal to arms. With the chance of success, the present situation of Poland is a terrible one to contemplate. If successful, the price will be oceans of blood and years of devastation; if the contrary, Poland will be a desert; those who survive fire, famine, sword, rape, pestilence, and every species of barbarian brutality, will be slaves in Siberia, and most probably four millions of brave Poles will be replaced by Tartar savages or Muscovite slaves. If however the Polish territory incorporated with Russia rise and be as firm and devoted as the population of the Grand Duchy, strong hopes of eventual freedom may be indulged. Unfortunately two other robber thrones are looking on, by no means indifferent observers of the contest. Holding the product of their infamous plunder with a tight hand they tremble for its security, and may ultimately make common cause with the great oppressor. One of these powers, namely Austria, never relaxed her cruelty to the brave men who long ago exerted themselves to defend their country. Paul of Russia restored Kosciusko to liberty, and sent home 12,000 Polish captives or exiles. Prussia that had tried and executed Poles, who resisted the spoliation of their native land, as if they were her own subjects who had revolted against her authority, opened her dungeon doors to the Polish captives after the treaty of Bâle. Austria alone, the tyrannic, cold, selfish, depraved, faithless, debauched Austria, never permitted the light of day to break in on the gloom of captives taken in direct violation of every law human or divine. With Austria and Prussia feverish for the security of their plunder, and a nation of 60,000,000 of barbarians threatening their country, the Poles, in heroism never surpassed, have fung all upon a die and prepared for death or freedom. Who knows but a Napoleon in military talent, but no foe to freedom like that great man, may arise ; some genius made for mighty exigencies, who, as Napoleon did by Austria in Italy, wi a handful of men may break down the Muscovite power and shake that barbarian kingdom to its foun. dation? We pray God such a one may appear; that the avenger of guilt may give one lesson to the thrones of the earth that will be of lasting utility to them.

With such hopes, and with the knowledge of what the Poles have already achieved during the present campaign, we do not despair. Some one of those unforseen incidents which turn the fate of empires may operate in favor of the just cause. Nicholas, the vengeful foe of Poland, who will not be contented with any

July, 1831.- vol. 1. NO. III.


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