Subjected to Science: Human Experimentation in America Before the Second World War

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JHU Press, Nov 7, 1997 - History - 216 pages
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The first full-length history of biomedical research with human subjects in the period "before Tuskegee"—from 1890 to 1940

Long before the U.S. government began conducting secret radiation and germ-warfare experiments, and long before the Tuskegee syphilis experiments, medical professionals had introduced—and hotly debated the ethics of—the use of human subjects in medical experiments. In Subjected to Science, Susan Lederer provides the first full-length history of biomedical research with human subjects in the earlier period, from 1890 to 1940.

Lederer offers detailed accounts of experiments—benign and otherwise—conducted on both healthy and unhealthy men, women, and children, including the yellow fever experiments (which ultimately became the subject of a Broadway play and Hollywood film), Udo Wile's "dental drill" experiments on insane patients, and Hideyo Noguchi's syphilis experiments, which involved injecting a number of healthy children and adults with the syphilis germ, luetin.

 

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Contents

The Charge of Human Vivisection
27
Illustrations
41
The American Medical Association and the Defense of Research
51
Photograph from W W Keens Animal Experimentation and Medical Progress
58
Human Experimentation and the AMA Code of Ethics
73
Only a Step cartoon linking animal and human experimentation
79
The Continuing Campaign against Human
101
Fred Vlcek professional experimental subject
118
Human Experimentation in an Age of Medical
126
Conquerors of Yellow Fever painting by Dean Cornwell
135
Epilogue
139
Bibliographic Essay
183
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Susan E. Lederer is associate professor of the humanities at the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center of the Pennsylvania State University.

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