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brought up, Mr. Whitbread thought could have calculated on it, that no he might as well take this opportu. human means could have effected nity of offering the few observations it, caused such a change in Europe, he had to submit to the house now, that, unwilling to fetter ministers intending, when the resolutions in discussions in which they might were agreed to, to move the amende engage, he had abstained from ment of which he had given notice. carrying his intentions into effect. The right hernourable gentleman Instead of pursuing that plan which (the chancellor of the exchequer) he had hoped to see adopted, the now came to them to call for a sum, belligerents had advanced, seemas a vote of credit, large beyond all ingly resolved still further to reexample, amounting as it did to noduce the power of France by force. less than 5,000,0001. In the last ses. This course they had adopted, insion a vote of credit for 3,000,0001. stead of seeking to effect a peace. was called for. This was thought They advanced in the vain hope, an excessively large sum, but it that as Bonaparte had experienced was not then calculated that the an overthrow he had lost his domi. army extraordinaries would fall nions, and would not be able to short as they had done. This year make another great effort to restore the right honourable gentleman, to himself to his former greatness. guard against the recurrence of When he saw this, and when 'Bosuch a circumstance, had taken a naparte and his armies were still frightfully large sum for the army pursued by the Russians, he had extraordinaries; and now, to close again contemplated the necessity of this scene of unparalleled expense calling the attention of parliament in a suitable manner, they were to the subject of peace, in order to called upon to give 5,000,0001. as see if some advantage might not be a vote of credit. It would be a taken of the state of things at that vain compliment, were he to say he eventful crisis. Again it was found was content to trust them with so that Bonaparte, instead of having large a sum; but as he could not lost his power, was still as potent as hope to induce the house to with ever ; that his people, instead of hold any part of it from them, or being unwilling to obey his orders, to withdraw their confidence from made a more gigantic effort in his them altogether, he should not di- cause than any they had made since vide the house on the amendment the period of the revolution. The which he proposed to offer. On Russian armics, after pursuing the the first day of the session, he had enemy to the Rhine, had there been proposed an address to the prince encountered by fresh levies from regent on the subject of peace, and France, and forced by them to fall had given notice of a motion, the back; for no one should persuade object of which was to bring it him that they had not been obliged under the consideration of the to retire, as he could not believe house. Events afterwards Oc- they would have advanced before cuired, which had not entered into only to retreat. When after two his contemplation, and which no hu- bloody battles they were forced to man being could have looked for: give way, to retire behind the Elbe, -the overthrow of Bonaparte and and fall back as far as the Oder, he the destruction of hisarmy, which was had then again thought of calling so complete, that no human being the attention of the house to that so


much wished for--peace, when traordinaries were greatly increasnews arrived of the armistice which ed, to meet the peculiar circum. had been concluded in Germany, stances of the times; and admitting and he again abandoned the design these facts, he was prepared to conhe had formed. It had appearedtend that they were as lionourable almost impossible to doubt of this and as splendid exertions for the country gaining some advantage public good, as had ever been made from what had taken place, when by parliament. He thought the it was found how inextricably she honourable gentleman, feeling as he had been involved by the treaty did on the subject of peace, had with Sweden. He had abstained displayed as much forbearance from interfering as he had intended throughout the subject as could be to do; but now, as soon as the re- expected from any one.

With resolutions were passed, he should spect to the charge preferred by submit an addition to the report, in the honourable gentleman against order to record on their journals ministers, for not attempting to the sense he had of the course negotiate immediately after the which this country ought to pursue. destruction of Bonaparte's army He hoped the armistice would-lead in Russia, he must know, unless to a peace on the continent, and he he was deaf to all that was hostile hoped (but he was not confident), to his opinions, that a fortnight that the cabinet of St. James's had hardly elapsed after the return would become a party to it. Want- of Bonaparte from Russia, when ing confidence, however, as he did he caused it to be stated in a formal in them when the vote was agreed instrument then made public, that to, he should move that an France would make no peace but humble address be presented to his on the principles avowed before, royal highness, the prince regent, and communicated to this country, assuring his royal highness, that in which could not be listened to congranting the unexampled sum now sistently with its honour and envoted, they did it in the full expec- gagements, one of which, it would tation, and the confident hope, that be remembered, was, that his dyhis royal highness would seize on nasty should reign in Spain. He the first opportunity to make a hoped, in stating this, it would be peace with his majesty's enemies, clear that the honourable gentleon such terms as may be consistent man had made out no prima facie with the honour and interests of the case, on which he had a right to ac

ation, and without endangering cuse ministers of an unfair indispoour allies, in order to manifest to sition towards peace, when it could all Europe the views by which he be obtained without sacrificing the was actuated, and to prove his un. honour and interests of the country. willingness to protract the war, or He concluded by putting a negative to throw any obstacles in the way of .ọn the address; which was carried. the return of peace.”

July 1.--Mr. Whitbread in the Lord Castlereagh was ready to house of commons rose to state to admit that which the honourable . the house, that the committee ap. gentleman had set out by stating, pointed by them had met, and exanamely, that the vote of credit now mined witnesses respecting the nacalled for was unexampled in its - ture and value of the books and amount, and that the army ex- manuscripts of Mr. Hargrave. 1813.



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Many of his books were enriched vice. He did not wish co det til with notes, which were extremely the house by any lengthened revaluable, in the opinion of those marks on the nature of the griet. who were the most competentances of which he had to complain; judges; and it was conceived that but preferred bringing them fosthe books and manuscripts would ward in the shape of clear and spebe a great acquisition to the public, cific resolutions, setting forth, under if deposited in the library of Lin- distinct views, the various grounds coln's Inn. It was unnecessary for against which he had to remonhim to say any thing respecting strate, and for the redress of which Mr. Hargrave's learning and cha- he trusted a full and efficient reracter. There was not a lawyer in medy would be adopted. That England who would not be ready remedy would, he apprehended, be to bear testimony to his great erudi- principally found in the limitation tion, abilities, and industry. Mr. of the duration of service, which Whitbread concluded his speech by was at present extended to a pain. quoting, from a recent learned ful and afflicting period. His lordpublication, [Maddock's Life of ship then proceeded to read a long Lord Somers, p. 142], a passage series of resolutions, reciting the concerning Mr. Hargrave, which, instances of complaint and hard. Mr. Whitbread said, was quite con- ships which called loudly for the genial with his own sentiments, interposition of parliament. The “See what Mr. Hargrave says in resolutions began with stating, that his interesting and learned preface the honour of his majesty's crown, to Sir Matthew Hale's work on the glory of the country, and the Judicature in Parliament, p. 14. I safety of the state, were connected quote that preface with additional with and dependent upon the navy pleasure, since it affords me an op- of Great Britain ; that although portunity of expressing my admira. the valour, skill, and spirit of that tion of Mr. Hargrave. When I navy had, in all former times, been reflect upon his profound, his use- raised to the highest pitch by the ful, his infinite labours, his gentle splendour of its achievements, yet manners, his

pure, disinterested, it had of late, in the actual war and patriotic mind, he seems to me with the United States of America, to rank amongst the greatest bene- suffered defeat, disaster, and disfactors of his country.” He should grace; that notwithstanding these content himself with moving an ad. failures and misfortunes, they were dress to his royal highness the prince not caused by any superiority of regent, that he would be graciously skill or weight of metal on the part pleased to appropriate 80001.out of of the enemy, but were in reality to ihe civil list revenue, for the pur. be ascribed to the mode in which chase of the books and manuscripts the duty of the naval service was of Francis Hargrave, one of his r.a. conducted, and to the want of care jesty's counsel, which was agreed which prevailed in providing for to.

the health of the petty officers and July 5.-Lord Cochrane, in puro men; that they were to be attrisuance of a notice he had given, buted to the decayed and heartless begged to call the attention of the state of the crews, compared with house to a variety of evils and hard. their former state of energy, and ships which existed in the naval ser. compared with the vigour and


freshness of the enemy's men. The another resolution of the noble lord, principal remedy he had to propose which was not obviously grounded was the limitation of the duration on absolute misrepresentation, or of service, with suitable rewards most grossly exaggerated. He out of the droits of admiralty, could, he believed, assert without which might be applied to that the fear of contradiction, that no purpose with peculiar propriety, person in that house or in the inasmuch as they resulted from, country, except the noble lord him. and were the fruits of, the bravery self, ever thought of attributing of the men. He assured the the captures made from us by the house, that he had not introduced Americans to the despondent spiinto the resolutions any single state- rits and heartless state of our crews, ment the truth of which he was and not to the superior dimensions not ready to establish by evidence and weight of metal of the enemy's at their bar; and he solemnly ships. What would be the consepledged himself, were the inquiry quence, were the noble lord's asentered into, to prove the existence sertions to be admitted by the of the evils complained of. His house? What was the fact with relordship concluded by moving that spect to the Java and the Macedothe resolutions be read.

nian? Were the brave and gallant The resolutions were accordingly men who fought the Macedonian read from the chair.

against an overbearing superiority Mr. Croker observed, that under of size and numbers, and an over. all the extraordinary features which whelming superiority of metal, decharacterized the resolutions now spondent, faint, and heartless ? submitted to the house, it would The Macedonian had been fought have been but fair in the noble lord with such determined gallantry, to have communicated the sub- and such persevering intrepidity, stance of them to the persons in. as to give to the officers and men trusted with the care of the navy. an honour that was as justly merited The noble lord would then have as it was pure and untainted, and had every opportunity of examin- it was only now attempted to be ing the accuracy of the grounds blown upon by the noble lord. He upon which he had ventured to ad. would state one fact respecting the dress the house, and of ascertaining courageous and dauntless character facts, of which it appeared, to say maintained by the crew of that vesno worse of his information, he sel in the very extremity and crisis knew little or nothing. If he was of danger : immediately before the not very much mistaken in his ap- surrender of the Macedonian, loud, prehension of the substance of the cordial, and repeated cheering was resolutions, he felt himself justified given. He could not better describe in saying, that the only one which the nature of these cheers, nor more could meet with his assent, or the adequately praise the roble spirit assent of any other man in the displayed by the crew on the roccahouse, was the first, stating the sion, than by assuring the house, honour of his majesty's crown, the that the cheering arose from the glory of the country, and the safety cockpit ; and the wounded and the of the state, to depend upon the dying were those who first raised skill, the valour, and the intrepi- the patriotic shouts.

Would the dity of our navy. There was not puble lord call those men depressed

and heartless, who were not only the pinnacle of immortal honour susceptible of such manly and ge- and glory. The noble lord, among nerous feelings, but who were ca. his other misrepresentations, had pable of giving to them, even in said, that there was no promotion the bitter moments of bodily an. to be obtained in the navy but by guish and inevitable death, the the wages of corruption. If such energetic tone and expression so were the real opinion of the noble truly characteristic of British sea- lord, was le not fairly borne out, men? A right honourable friend in putting a few questions to the near him had suggested another candour of the noble lord? Was memorable proof of what the noble the noble lord's appointment to the lord might, if he pleased, call the command of a ship obtained by the wretched and heartless state of our wages of corruption? Was the red crews, and he thanked his right ribbon worn by him, and given cerhonourable friend for the sugges- tainly to a young man as a rare tion. He alluded to the gallant mark of distinction, obtained by fight maintained by the Java. John the wages of corruption? Had his Humble, the boatswajn of that near relation--for the noble lord's ship, was perhaps one of those supposition would warrant him in seaměn who, according to the noble going that length—been raised to lord's statements, were dishearten- the naval rank he now enjoyed, ed, and lost their spirit and ener- and appointed governor of Guadagies, in consequence of the oppres- loupe, by the wages of corruption? sions and privations they had suf- Did the gallant officer, the noble fered. What was the conduct of lord's successor in the command of this disheartened seaman? Having the fine frigate he once had, obtain been severely wounded, he went that command by the wages of corbelow; shortly afterwards returned ruption ? The fact was, that the upon deck, and with the tourniquet noble lord's recommendation had on his arm, which he said he had great weight in the appointment of put to rights, he was seen cheering his successor, and surely that reof the boarders with his pipe. Was commendation was not caused by this a proof with the noble lord of any feeling of corruption. He rethe decayed and heartless state of gretted, he sincerely deplored that our petty officers and seamen? If the noble lord had resigned the it was, the noble lord might be command of that fine vessel ; for well grounded in his resolutions; he was convinced, that in that comfor he could assure him that there mand he would have acted with as were not only numerous testimonies much consistency-with as much of a similar kind, but that many spirit--and with as much honour more of our disheartened seamen for the service of the navy, as he were ready to emulate them. But appeared, in his resolutions of that he probably appealed in vain to the night, to act against its acknowfeelings of the noble lord. It was ledged glory, energy, and courage. for the house and for the country to He had noticed the noble lord's feel, to admire, and appreciate resolutions with some warmth, but those instances of devotion and his warmth was instantaneous, and magnanimity which so frequently arose naturally out of the subject; exalted the British seaman to the but his lordship had not the same rank of a hero, and placed him on apology to offer, for he had em,



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