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is their quality. From the ex, sheep- and calves feet at her win-
tended state of the British' navy, it dow. There was still a young
is impracticable to man our fleets man asleep in his bed, in an ad-
with seamen.
About six-sevenths joining apartment, whom

of every ship's company are land. apprized. Their situation was by
men; and thus, in a seventy-four, this time become most desperate.
there are seldom more than seventy Mr. Evans with much difficulty
hands that can be put upon the made good his retreat, by jumping
forecastle or rated Able. Now the into a back court adjoining the
Americans, having but few nation- premises, out of the kitchen win-
al vessels, are able to man their dow on a first floor, together with
ships, not only entirely with sailors, the young man who first discovered'
but with picked, choice sailors, the fire. The other young mang
and they have been but too success with the poor servant, were now
ful in enticing some of our ablest the only inhabitants of this fiery
hands to become their petty offi: scene; they were situated in a third

story, surrounded by Aames. DREADFUL FIRES.

No hopes of retreat, the only re

fuge left was jumping out of a On

Wednesday night, window a height of about twenty about half past twelve, (or rather feet,, on some leads, a space of Thursday morning,) a most die about a foot and a half, adjoining stressing scene presented itself to the which was a sky-light belonging to inhabitants of Aldgate, by the dis- Mr. Smith. The young man, covery of a most alarming fire. urging the woman to follow his There is no certainty as to the example, first made good his origin of this catastrophe; but from landing; he again waved his hand the course the flames had ravaged to her to follow, but to no effect. when first it was discovered, there Hershrieks were distressing, and her can be but little doubt of its com- heart now began to fail her. She mencing in some part of the shop. shook her head, and before his A providential circumstance of a sight disappeared, and was seen no most singular nature led to the

This forlorn young man first discovery. The young man had still to make good his way from was sitting up for Mr. Coats, who this perilous situation, which he had gone out to spend the evening effected by jumping through the (being iwelfth night) among some sky-light into the adjoining prefriends, and in the interim he mises, which he accomplished in a slept on his chair, from which most wonderful manner, and with situation he was awoke almost in 'very trifling injury except that of suffocation. He immediately dis- fatigue and fright.

It was half covered his situation, and the first past eleven when Mr. Evans retired step he took was to alarm the io bed, which was immediately watchman: he next proceeded to after the departure of a Mr. LangMr. Evans's, bed-room door, and don, a friend of his, who had supalarmed him. The unfo: jate fe- ped there that night, at which time male servant was by this apprized everything appeared to be quite safe, of her situation, and had been and no smell of fire was discovered awaked through the perseverance of at that time by any person in the some butcher boys, who dung house.

(14) An


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Another alarming fire broke out which she received must have been 'the same night, about twelve deadful, as both, her arms, and

o'clock, in the premises of a bis. from her shoulder to her knee on
cuit baker, at King Edward's one side, were shockingly man.
stairs, Wapping, which for some gled, and one part below her arm
time burned very, rapidly, and seemed to be in a state of mortifi-
threatened destruction to the row cation : the surgeons were also of
of houses on that side. Notwith- opinion that she had received little
standing the extreme activity dis- or no sustenance during that fort-
played by the in attempt.' night. The jury again met
ing to subdue the devouring ele. Wednesday morning, and found a
ment, the premises were levelled verdict of Wilful murder against
to the ground in about an hour. the husband and his sister. When
The inhabitants had scarcely time the body was interred, Thoburne
to escape with their lives.

had, in registering his wife's death,

mentioned an earlier day, as was SHOCKING MURDER.

proved by the church books. She 12. The following are the par. was the daughter of a very respectticulars of a late murder commit- able farmer, was at times a little ted at North Shields :- The wife deranged, but quite inoffensive, and of John Thoburné, in the employ had brought him a genteel fortune. of Mr. Crawford, miller, having died on the Friday, was buried on the Saturday, when a report was Lately, a poor woman, of Sid. prevalent that she had been mur- dlesham, near Chichester, having dered. Her body was in conse- occasion to quit her cottage (which quence taken up on the Monday, was a lonely one) for some er. and a warrant granted for the rands, left her three children at apprehension of the husband, who home; but during her absence, had absconded; but his sister, who one of them, a boy about four years had resided in the house, and a of age, took the red hot poker young man her sweetheart, were from the fire, and applied it to a secured. Thobusne was, however, part of the habitation, which soon apprehended at South Shields on kindled into a fame, and burnt so the Monday night, and the parties, rapidly, that the little incendiary with a number of witnessess, were and one of his sisters, apprized of examined by the magistrates on their danger, quitted it : but, exTuesday. It appeared that a traordinary: to relate, the girl, not fortnight before the time of the more than six years of age, had wife's death, her husband had come not long remained a spectator of into the house and struck her, and the conflagration, before she rein the scuffle a looking-glass was collected the helpless infant they broken. The sister, who had been had left asleep in the cradle, and, out, on her return perceiving the with a most wonderful presence of broken glass, charged the wife with mind and resolution, returned to having done it-went to a public, the devo'ıring element, and rescued house here Thoburne was, and the little innocent from certain urged him to go home and correct death, as the cottage was shortly her ; which he did; and the blows after totally consumed.

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LONDON CAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. ready for service and assembled.
Foreign-office, Jan. 17.

The French march at night, and Dispatches of which the follow- halt during the day, in hollow ing are copies and an extract, have squares: surrounded as they are by been received by viscount Castle. Cossacks, their supplies must be reagh from lord Cathcart, K. T. very precarious, and numbers are

said to be found dead of cold and St. Paersburg, Dec. 12. famine on every ground their army My lord,

quits. The field marshal is with I now avail myself of a Swedish the Moldavian army. Marshal courier to forward translations of Macdonald is reported, by the comtwo bulletins, viz. one from major- mandant at Riga, to occupy an arc, general Kutusoff, aid-de-camp ge- cutting off the angle formed by the neral, of 2d Dec. and one from Dwina with the Baltic ; his right general count Wittgenstein of 4th at Fredericksham, his left at TuDec. Your lordship will perceive kuma, and his centre at Eskay. by their reports, that the passage He menaces Riga, but probably of the Berezyna has cost the French with the intention to prevent interupwards of 20,000 men, killed, ruption to the supplies he wishes to wounded, drowned, and prisoners, send to meet the French army. I and that the remains of Bona. have, &c.

CATHCART. parte's army, with which he is still present, are endeavouring to pro

Aid-de-camp gen. Gobetnitschoff ceed towards Veleika, while gene

Kutusoff's report to his imperial ral Wittgenstein's corps is moving

majesty, dated Berezyna, Dec. 2. upon his right, and with every ex- By my last report, I had the sapectation of getting before it. The tisfaction to acquaint your imperial Moldavian army upon the left is majesty of my arrival, together with moving upon Molodetchno; and my corps, at Babinowitseby. 1 the main army, under count Tor- there received the first intelligence mazoff, is moving in a parallel which reached me of count Wittdirection to that of the Moldavian genstein's corps, who was establisharmy, at no great distance from it; ing the communication between while count Platoff, with a strong himself and our grand army. In detachment of Cossacks, light ca- the mean time, I not only did not valry and light artillery, with the cease to act on the enemy's flank infantry under general Ermaloff, is during his retreat, but obliged his understood to be in front of the advanced guard to keep on a reguFrench, in the very line they are Jar defensive from Orsha to pursuing. The French force, as Boryssoff. On account of the constated by the adniiral, is evidently tinued attacks on my detachments, much over-rated. The last place the enemy every where met the named by count Wittgenstein (Ne- Cossacks on his road; and the mentchina) is one or two stages corps under my command took, in north from Wilna. The Russian the different skirmishes I had with patriotic levies continue to come him, three generals, 73 staff and forward with unabated zeal; and other officers, and 5929 privates. a new army of 50,000 infantry and At least as many more have been 20,000 cavalry, from some of the killed. Not far from Boryssoff I southern provinces, is reported united myself to the corps under


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count Wittgenstein, in conformity leyka, and endeavouring to unite to whose orders I am directed to themselves with the main body of protect his right flank; and in or- the army at Smorgonie. In conseder that there may be no obstacle quence of this information, he sent

in the passage of the Berezyna, and after them a detachment under e to get the start of the enerny on the lieut. col. Tetsenborn. The latter

road to Wileyka, I wheeled my reports to me, on the 22 inst. that corps to the right towards Bere- having overtaken their rear-guard zyna, from whence I am in hopes at Dolginoff, it had been beaten, to be the better enabled to cut him and 26 officers and 1000 privates off. Arrived at Lepel, I was there had been taken prisoners; and that informed by the inhabitants, that a in consequence of the occupation considerable corps of the enemy, 11i- of Dolginoff by our troops, the inder gen. Wrede, was at Dokt- tepded junction of this corps had schitze. I immediistely ordered been entirely prevented. Admiral there a strong advanced guard, 'Tschitschagoff being in pursuit of under the command of lieut. col. the enemy, by the road to MoloTetsenborn, who has reported to detschno, and in order that our me, that no sooner had he been troops should not press one another perceived by the enemy, than they on the same road, and by that retreated by the Wileyka road, pro- means retard our movements, I bably in the intention of uniting am taking the direction of Kostewith their main body. I am now newitsch, Narotsch, and Nestagoing in pursuit of the enemy, and wischky; thus acting on the flank shall continue to remain under the of the enemy, and endeavouring, command of count Wittgenstein, particularly with my Cossacks, even conformably to the orders I received to cut him off entirely. At Noto that effect from the commander mentschin I shall be enabled to act in chief,

in concert with admiral Tschits.

chagoff; and at the same time to Report from the general of cavalry, keep in check Macdonald's army.

count Wittgenstein, to his impe. The enemy's loss, during the three
rial majesty, dated (en bivouac) dars I have pursued him, and from
near Kamen, Dec. 4.

difficulties [ opposed to him in
Immediately after Napoleon had crossing the Berezyna, must be
efected bis passage over the Bere- above 20,000 men; as I have al-
zyna, near Stoudenzie, I sent off ready sent off as prisoners 13,000,
the aid-de-cump-gen, Kutusoff, who and his loss in killed, wounded, and
had just anived with the whole of drowned, must amount to more
his corps of light cavalry, to Le- than 7,000. Independently of the
pel, in order that, after having 12 pieces of cannon taken from the
crossed the river, lie might be en- enemy, and of which I have al-
abled to act on the enemy's flank, ready most humbly made my re-
and at the same time keep observe port, he has lost three others, be.
ing the remains of the Bavarians, sides one eagle, which I have hereby
under gen. Wrede, and who were the honour to lay at the feet of your
at Doktschitze. Arrived at Lepel, imperial majesty.
he learned that these Bavarians had

St. Petersburg, Des. 17.

, already quitted the place, and were . My lord, In my dispatch of the marching by Dolginoff and Win 12th inst. your lordship would find


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bulletins containing reports of ma. honour to inclose three reports, jor-general Kutusoff of the 2d of being the journal of military operaDecember, and of count Wittgen- tions from the 20th to the 26th of stein of the 4th of Dec. These November old style. Marshal reports described Bonaparte, with prince Kutusoff's report of the the remains of his army, as march- 25th of November from Badaschkeing from Zembine . upon Wilna, wich, and his intermediate report through Vileika; the admiral and of the occupation of Wilna, and general count Wittgenstein moving continuation of the pursuit of the upon

the same point of Wilna, the enemy. The further report is not former through Molodetschno, the yet arrived; but I understand the latter by Narotsch and Nement magazines of all sorts to have been china. In this part of the pursuit, well stored, the quantity of ordthe Russian corps have stuck very nance to have been considerable, close to the enemy; but the light and that among the prisoners (not troops which got before him were less than 20,000, many of whom not of sufficient force to stop him. are sick or wounded, , there are seHis course was altered in conse. veru general officers, or officers of quence of some of the flank at. distinction, who were under cure, tacks, and he arrived at Molodets- and could not be moved. Two chno instead of Vileika; and having general officers were taken in actigained some time by destroying the vity. The one I understand to be bridge, he continued his march general Le Fevre, who was a prithrough Smorgonie to Wilna, soner of war in England on parole, which place he appears to have the other an old Polish general. reached on the 10th of December. The apparent direction of the The advanced guards of the several enemy's retreat is towards Kovno; Russian columns arrived in the perhaps a column may take the immediate neighbourhood of Wilna road of Olita. From the state of nearly at the same time, and the the weather, it is possible the Nie. retiring army was compelled to men may not be passable, in concontinue its retreat from that town, sequence of floating ice. The comalmost without a halt. It is said manding officer at Riga reports on that an aid-de-camp of marshal the 12th of December that marshal Davoust was sent to order the rear. Macdonald has made no variation guard to defend itself before Wilna in his position. I am not sure that as long as possible ; but instead of the number of pieces of ordnance, the French rear-guard this officer mentioned in the noti:ication of the found the Russian advanced guard, Te Deum to foreign ministers, rewhich made him prisoner, having fers to what was taken at Wilna already demolished, or sent to the exclusively, or whether it does not rear, the whole of the French rear- include what has been taken since guard. Thanksgiving and Te Deum the last general statement that was will form part of the church service published.

to-morrow, (being the festival of
· St. Nicholas,) for the defeat of the Report of field-marshal prince

French army, the capture of 150 Kutusoff Smolensko to his im-
pieces of ordnance, and several ge. perial majesty, dated Radasch-
neral officers, together with the oc- kewitsch, Dec, 7.
cupation of Wilna. I have the The French army having passed


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