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ress them with their affectionate Notes, lull and quiet them with their tender parental Voice, put Food into their Mouths, suckle them, cherish and keep them warm, teach them to pick, and ear, and gather Food for themselves} and, in a word, perform the whole Part of so many Nurses, deputed by the Sovereign Lord and Preserver of the World, to help such young and shiftless Creatures, till they are come to that Maturity, as to be able to shift for themselves?

And as for other Animals (particularly Insects, whose Sire is partly the Sun, and whose numerous Off-spring would be too great for their Parent-Animal's Care and Provision) these are so generated, as to need none of their Care, by Reason they arrive immediately to their 'haw*, their perfect, adult State, and are able to shift for themselves. Buc yet, thus far their parental Iwitinct (equivalent to the most rational Care and Fore-sight) doth extend, that the old ones do not wildly drop their Eggs and Sperm any where, at all Adventures, but so cautiously reposit it in such commodious Places (some in the Waters, some on Flesh, some on Plants proper and agreeable to their Species (xxx); and some shut up agreeable Food in their Nelts, partly for Incubation, partly for Food (jyy),) that their young in their Amelia^ or Nympha State, may find sufficient and agreeable Food to bring them up, till they arrive to their Maturity.

Thus far the Parental Instinct and Care.

Trans. N°. 139. where he also, from oppian, mentions the J>t>g-Fipt, that upon any Storm or Danger, receives the young Ones into her Belly, which come out again when the Fright is over. So also the Stjuatina and Glaucus, the fame Author faith, have the fame Care for their young, but receive them into different Receptacles.

(xxx) See Book \ III. Chap. 6.

{yyy) See chap. 13. Noti (c).

Next we may observe no less in the young themselves, especially in those of the irrational Animals. Forasmuch as the Parent-Animal is not able to bear them about, to cloath them, and to dandle them, as Man doth j how admirably hath the Creator contrived their State, that those poor young Creatures can soon walk about, and with the little Helps of their Dam, shift for, and help themselves? How naturally do they hunt for their Teat, fuck, pick (zzz)5 and take in their proper Food >

But for the young of Man, their Parents Reason, joined with natural Affection, being sufficient to help, to nurse, to feed, and to cloath them> therefore they are born helpless, and arc more absolutely than other Creatures, cast upon their Parents Care (aaaa). A manifest Act and Designation pf the Divine Providence.

2. The other Instance I promised, is the Provision made for the Preservation of such Animals as are sometimes destitute of Food, or in Danger of being so. The Winter is a very inconvenient, improper Season, to afford either Food or Exercise to Insects, and many other Animals. When the

(zzz.) There is manifestly a superintending Providence in this Cafe, that some Animals are able to fuck as soon as ever they are born, and that they will naturally hunt for the Teat before they are quite gotten out of the Secundines, an4 parted from the Navel-String, as I have seen. But for Chickens, and other young Birds, they not being able immediately to pick till they are stronger, have a notable Provision made for such a Time, by a part of the Yolk of the Egg being inclosed in their Belly, a little before their Exclusion or Hatching, which serves for their Nourishment, till they are grown strong enough to pick up Meat. Vid. Book VII. chap. 4. Note (a). ~

(aaaa} 6jui [Infantes] de ope nostra ac de divina mifericord'ln plus merentur, qui in primo statim nat'rvitatis fun ortu plorantes ac fieutes, nit al'uid factual quam deprecatuur. Cypr. Ep. ad Fid.

• * . . Howry flowry Fields are divested of their Gaiety; when the fertile Trees and Plants ave stripp'd of their Fruits, and the Air, instead of being warmed with the cherishing Beams of the Sun, is chilled with rigid Frost 5 what would become of such Animals as are impatient of Cold? What Food could be found by such as are subsisted by theSummer- Fruits? But to obviate all this Evil, to stave off the Destruction and Extirpation of divers Species of Animals, the infinitely wife Preserver of the World hath as wifely ordered the matter j that, in the first Place, such as are impatient of Cold, should have such a special Structure of their Body, particularly of their Hearts, and Circulation of their Blood {bbbb)^ as during that Season, not to suffer any waste of their Body, and consequently not to need any Recruits? but that they should be able to live in a kind of sleepy, middle State, in their Places of safe Retreat, until the warm Sun revives both them and their Food together.

The next Provision is for such as can bear the Cold, but would want Food thenj and that is in some by a long Patience of Hunger (cccc)t in others


{bbbV) I might name here some of the Species of Birds, the whole Tribe almost of Insects, and some among other Tribes, that are able to subsist for many Months without Food, and some without Respiration too, or very little; But it may suffice to instance only in the Lund-Tortoise, of the Structure of whose Heart and Lungs: See Book VI. chap. j. .No/e (A).

(ecu) intdUm ditttifme tohrat Lapttt, ut & alld'omni* tarnivora, licit voracilstma; magna utiqiie natttr* providentii; quonittm escA non semper in promptu est. Ray'j Synops. Quads. p. 174.

To the long Abstinence mentioned of Brute-Animals, t

hope the Reader will excuse me if I add one or two Instances

■ of extraordinary Abstinence among Men. One MarthaTay

lor, born in Derbyjhire, by a Blow on the Back fell into such

a Prostration of Appetite, that she took little Sustenance,

F a. but

by their notable Instinct in laying up Food beforehand against the approaching Winter (dddd). Q( this many entertaining Examples may be given* particularly we may, at the proper Season, observe not only the little Treasures and Holes well-stocked with timely Provisions, but large Fields (eeee) here and there throughout bespread with considerable

but some Drops with a Feather, from Christmas i66"7. for thirteen Months, and slept but little too all the Time. See Dr. Sampson's Account thereof in Ephem. Germ. T. 3. Obf. 173.

To this we may add the Cafe of S. Chilton, of Tinfiury, near Bath, who in the Years 1693, 1696, and 97, slept divers Weeks together. And although he would sometimes, in a very odd manner, take Sustenance, yet would lie a lorr» Time without any, or with very little, and all without any considerable Decay. See Phil. Trans. N°. 304.

(dddd) They are admirable Instincts which the Sieur dt ~Beauplau relates of his own Knowledge, of the little Animals called Bohaqnes in Ukraine. They make Burroughs like Rabbets, and in October shut themselves up, and do not come out again till April. ■ ■ They spend all the Winter under Ground.,

eating what they laid up in Summer. Those that are laz.y

among them, they lay on their Backs, then lay a great handful «/ dry Herbage upon their Bodies, &C. then others drag those Drones to the Mouths of their Burroughs, and so those Cred~ turts serve instead of Barrows, &c. / have often seen them frailise this, and have had the Curiosity to observe them whole

Days together. Their Holes are parted like Chambers ; some

serve for Store-Houses, others for Burying-Places, Sec. Their Government is nothing inferior to that of Bees, &c They never go abroad' without posting a Ctntinel upon some high Ground, to give notice to the others whilst they are feeding. As soon as the Centinel fees any Body, it stands upon his Hind-Legs and whistles. Beauplau'j Description of Ukraine, in Vol. I. of the Collection of Voyages, eye.

A like Instance of the Northern Galli Sylvestres, fee in Chap. 13. Note (g).

As for the Scriptural Instance of the Ant, fee hereafter Boot VIII. Chap. j. Note (d).

(eeee) I have in Autumn, not without Pleasure observed, not only the great Sagacity and Diligence of Swine, in hunting out the Stores of the Field-Mice; but the wonderful Precaution also of those little Animals, in hiding their Food beforehand

rable Numbers of the Fruits of the neighbouring Trees, laid carefully up in the Earth, and covered fefe, by the provident little Animals inhabiting thereabouts. And not without Pleasure have I seen and admired the Sagacity of other Animals, hunting out those subterraneous Fruits, and pillaging the Treasures of those little provident Creatures.

And now from this bare transient View of this Branch of the Great Creator's Providence and Goverment, relating to the Food of his Creatures, we can conclude no less, than that since this grand Affair hath such manifest Strokes of admirable and wife Management, that since this is demonstrated throughout all Ages and Places, that therefore it is God's Handy-Work. For how is it possible that so vast a World of Animals should be supported, such a great Variety equally and well supplied with proper Food, in every Place fit for Habitation, without an especial Superintendency and Management, equal to, at lealt, that of the most prudent Steward and Houfholder? Haw should the Creatures be able to find out their Food when laid up in secret Places? And how should they be able to gather even a great deal of the common Food, and at last to macerate and digest it, without peculiar Organs adapted to the Service? And what less than an infinitely Wife God could form such a Set of curious Organs, as we find every Species endowed with, for this very Use? Organs so artificially made, so exquisitely fitted up, that the more strictly we survey them, the more accurately we view them

forehand against Winter. In the Time of Acorns failing, I have, by means of the Hogs, discovered, that the Mice had, all over the neighbouring fields, treasured up single Acorns in little Hojes they had scratched, and in winch they had carefully covered up the Acorn. These the, Hep would, Pay after p.iy, hunt out by their Smell.

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