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Rains, as sorrfe of the most eminent modern Philosophers

Together with the Rain we might take notice of other Meteors, particularly Snow; which although an irksome Guest, yet hath its great Uses, if all be true that the famous X. Bartholm faith of it, who wrote a Book dt Nivis usu Medic*. In which he shews of what great Use Snow is in fructifying the Earth, preserving from the Plague, curing Fevers, Colicks, Head-Aches, Tooth-Aches, Sore Eyes, Pleurisies, (for which Ule he faith his Country-Women of Denmark keep Snow-Water gathered in March), also in prolonging Life, (of which he instanceth in the Alpine Inhabitants, that live to a great Age,) and preserving dead Bodies; Instances of which he gives in Persons buried under the Snow in passing the Alps, which are found uncorrupted in the Summer, when the Snow is melted; which fad Spectacle he himself was an Eye-Witeel's of. And at Spitzberg in Greenland, dead Bodies remain entire and uncorrupted for thirty Years. And lastly, concerning such as are so preserv'd when slain, he faith they remain in the same Posture and Figure: Of which he gives this odd Example, Visum id extra urbem nostram [Hafniam] quumt II Feb. 1639. oppugnantes hofles repellerentur, magnetque jlrage eccumberent; alii cnim rigidi iratum vultutn oftendebant, alii 0culos ilatos, alii ore diduclo ringentes, alii brachiis extenfis Gladiurn minari, alii alia situ prostrati jacebant. Barthol. de usil Niv. c. 11.

But although Snow be attended with the Effects here named, and others specified by the learned Bartholin; yet this is not to be attributed to any peculiar Virtue in the Snow, but some other Cause. Thus when it is said to fruclify the Earth, it doth so by guarding the Corn or other Vegetables against the intenser cold of the Air, especially the cold piercing Winds; which the Husbandmen observe to be the most injurious to their Corn of all Weathers. So (ar Conserving dead Bodies, it doth it by constipating such Bodies, and preventing all such Fermentations or internal Conflicts of their Particles, aswotild produce Corruption.

Such an Example as the preceding is said to have happened some Years ago at Paris, in digging in a Cellar for supposed hidden Treasure; in which, after digging some Hours, the Maid going to call her Master, found them all in their digging Postures, but dead. This being noised abroad, brought in not only the People, but Magistrates also, who found them accordingly; Illi qui ligone terrameffoderat, a- foetus qui pM effoffam terrain remover at, ambo pedibus ftabant, quasi fua quisque tptri affixus incubuijfet; uxor uaius quasi ab open desejfa in scamno,

solicits sophers (b) have done, we should have another Instance of the great Use and Benefit of that Meteor. And now, if we reflect upon this neceflary Appendage of the Terraqueous Globe, the Atmosphere; and consider the absolute Necessity thereof to many Uses of our Globe, and its great Convenience to the whole: And in a Word, that it anfwereth all the Ends and Purposes that we can suppose there can be for such an Appendage: Who can but own this to be the Contrivance, the Work of the great Creator? W ho would ever fay or imagine such a Body, so different from the Globe it serves, could be made by Chance, or be adapted so exactly to all those forementioned grand Ends, by any other Efficient than by the Power and Wisdom of the infinite Go D J Who would not rather, from so noble a Work,

solkito quodam tiultu, sedebat, irtclinato in palmam manus ge~i pilots innitentis capite; puerulus laxatts braccis in margine exca•vast fove& defixis in terram oculis ahum exonerabat; omnes in fiaturalt situ, earner tanquam jlattti rigidi, apertis ceulis crvulttt vitam quasi refpirante, exanimes Jlabant. Dr. Bern. Connor, Dissert. Med. Phys. p. Ij.

The Doctor attributes all this to Cold; but I scarce think there could be Cold enough to do all this at Paris, and in a Cellar too. But his following Stories are not improbable, of Men and Cattle killed with Cold, that remained in the very fame Posture in which they died; of which he gives, from a Spanijli Captain, this Instance, that happened two Years before, of a Soldier who unfortunately straggled from his Company that were foraging, and was killed with the Cold, but was thoughttohave fallen into the Enemies Hands. But soon after their return to their Quarters, they saw their Comrade returning, sitting on Horseback, and coming to congratulate him, found him dead,' and that he had been brought thither in the same Posture on Horseback, notwithstanding the jolting of the Horse, ibid.pii.

(b) Of this Opinion was my late most ingenious and learned Friend,. Mr. Ray, whose Reasons fee in his Vhysico-Theolog. Discourses, Disc. z. ch. z. p. 89, vc So a,lso my no less learned and ingenious Friends, Dr. Halley, and the late Dr. Hoa.k, many of the French Vertuoso's also, and divers other very considerable Men before them, too many to be specified here.

readily readily acknowledge the Workman (c) and as easily conclude the Atmosphere to be made by God, as an Instrument wrought by its Power, any Pneumatick Engine, to be contrived and made by Man!

CHAP. IV.

Of Light.

THUS much for the first Thing ministring to the Terraqueous Globe, the Atmosphere and its Meteors j the next Appendage is Light, {a) Concerning which I have in my Survey of the Heavens (b) shewed what admirable Contrivances the infinitely wife Creator hath for the affording this noble, glo

(f) An Pelycletum quidem admirabimur propter partium Statusconvenientiam acproportionem > Naturam autem nonmodo non laudabimus, fed or/ini etiam arte privabimus, quit, partium proportionem non solum extrinsecus more Statuariorum, fed in pro/undo etiam fervavit f Nonne cr Polycletus ipse Nature est imitator, in quibus saltern earn pott.it imitarif Potuit autem in solis txternispartibus in quibus ar tern consider avit. With much more to the like Purpose, Galen. deUs. Part. I. 17. c. 1.

(a) It is not worth while to enumerate the Opinions of the Aristotelians, Cartesians, and others, about the Nature of Light, Aristotle making it a Quality; C<a/7«aPulfion, or Motion of the Globules of the second Element, vid. Cartes Princip. p. 3. §. 55, or. But with the Moderns, I take Light to consist of material Particles, propagated from the Sun, and other luminous Bodies, not instantaneoufly, but in time, according to the Notes following in this Chapter. But not to insist upon other Arguments for the Proof of it, our noble Founder hath proved the Materiality of Light and Heat, from actual Experiments on Silver, Copper, Tin, Lead, Spelter, Iron, Tutenage, and other Bodies, exposed (both naked and closely shut up) to the Fire: All which were constantly found to receive an Increment of Weight. I wish he could have met with a favourable Season to have tried his Experiments with the Sunbeams as he intended. Vid. Boyl Exp. to make Fire and Flame ponderable.

(b) Astro-Theol. Book 7.

(c) Gen. rious, and comfortable Benefit to other Globes, as well as ours* the Provision he hath made by Moons, as well as by the Siin, for the Communication of it.

And now let us briefly consider the great Necessity and Use thereof to all our Animal World. And this we shall find to be little less than the very Life and Pleasure of all those Creatures. For what Benefit would Life be of, what Pleasure, what Comfort would it be for us to live in perpetual Darkness? How could we provide our selves with Food and Necessaries? How could we go about the least Business, correspond with one another, or be of any Use in the World, or any Creatures be the same to us, without Light, and those admirable Organs of the Body, which the great Creator hath adapted to the Perception of that great Benefit?

But now by the help of this admirable, this firstmade (t), because most necessary, Creature of God, by this, I fay, all the Animal World is enabled to go here and there, as their Occasions call j they can transact their Business by Day, and refresh and recruit themselves by Night, with Rest and Sleep. They can with Admiration and Pleasure, behold the glorious Works of God j they can view the Glories of the Heavens, and fee the Beauties of the flowry Fields, the gay Attire of the feathered Tribe, the exquisite Garniture of many Quadrupeds, Insects, and other-Creatures} they can take in the delightsome Landskips of divers Countries and Places j they can with Admiration fee the great Creator's wonderful Art and Contrivance in the Parts of Animals and Vegetables: And in a word, behold the Harmony of this lower World, and of the Globes above, and survey God's exquisite Workmanship in every Creature.

00 Gen. i, 3. And God said, Let there be Light, and thert wot light.

To

To all which I might add the Improvements which the Sagacity of Men hath made of this noble Creature of God, by the Refractions and Reflections of Glasses. But it would be endless to enumerate all its particular Uses and Benefits to our World.

But before I leave this Point, there are two Things concerning Light, which will deserve an especial Remark> and that is, its swift and almost instantaneous Motion, and its vast Extension.

i. It is a very great Act of the Providence of God, that so great a Benefit as Light is, is not long in its Passage from Place to Place. For was the Motion thereof no swifter than the Motion of the swiftest Bodies on Earth, such as of a Bullet out of a great Gun, or even of a Sound (d) (which is the swiftest Motion we have next Light), in this Cafe Light would take up, in its Progress from the Sun to us above thirty two Years at the rate of the first, and above seventeen Years at the rate of the latter Motion.

The Inconveniencies of which would be, its EBergy and Vigour would be greatly cooled and abated 5

(J) It may not be ungrateful to the Curious, to take notice of the Velocity of these two Things.

According to the Observations of Mersen^us, a Bullet-shot oat of 3 great Gun, flies 91 Fathom in a Second of Time, (■mi. Merfen.Balist.) which is equal 10589-^ Vest. English, and according to the Computation of Mr. Huygens, it would be ■2j Years in passing from the Earth to the Sun. But according to my own Observations made with one of her Majesty's Sakers, and a very accurate Pendulum-Chronometer, a Bullet, at its first Discharge, flies 510 Yards irr five half Seconds, which is a Mile in a little above 17 half Seconds. And allowing the Sun's Distance to be, as in the next Note, a Bullet would be 32 -I Years in flying with its utmost Velocity to the Sun.

As to the Velocity of Sound, fee Book 4. Chap. 3. Notozi. according to which rate there mentioned, a Sound would be near 17 -J- Years in flying as far as the distance is from the Earth to the Sun. Confer here the Experiments of the stead, dtl Cimtrtt. p. 140, ve.

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