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would by the centrifugal force of that Motion, be soon dissipated and fpirtled into the circumambient Space, was it not kept together by this noble Contrivance of the Creator, this natural inherent Power, namely, the Power of Attraction or Gravity.

And as by this Power our Globe is defended against Dissipation, so all its Parts are kept in their proper Place and Order. All material Things do naturally gravitate thereto, and unite themselves therewith, and so preserve its Bulk intire (d). And the fleeting Waters, the most unruly of all its Parts, do by this means keep their constant æquipoise in the Globe (e), and remain in that Place which, the Psalmist faith, God had founded for them; a bound he had set, which they might not pass j that they turn not again to cover the Earth, Psal. civ. 8, p, So, that even in a natural Way, by virtue of this excellent Contrivance of the Creator, the Observation of the Psamist is perpetually fulfilled, Psal. lxxxix. 9. Thou rulejl the raging of the Sea 5 when the Heaves thereof arise, thou stillest them.

To these, and an hundred other Uses of Gravity that I might have named, I shall only just mention another Thing owing to it, and that is Levity

this to the Rapidity of the fixt Stars, if we suppose them," not the Earth, to move? Which is a good Argument for the Earth's Motion.

(d) Nibil ma] us, quam quod it a stabilis est Mundut, atque ita coh&ret ad permanendum, ut nibil ne excogitari quidem fespt aptiut. Omnts enim panes ejus undique medium locum cafejfentes, nituntur aqualiter: maxime autem corpora inter fe junfla permanent, cum quodam quasi vinculo circumdr.ta colligantur: quod facit ea natura, qua. per omnem mundum omnia Mente, e? P.atione confident, sunditur, e? ad medium rapit, Cj* convertit extrema, Cic. de Nat. Deor. 1. z. c. 45.

(e) Eadem ratione Mare, cum supra terram fit, medium tamen terra, locum expetens, conglobatur undique tqualiter, nequt redundat unquam, neque effunditur. Id. paulo post.

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(/), that, whereby what we call light Bodies swim, a Thing no less useful to the World than its oppoposite, Gravity, is in many Respects, to divers Tribes of Animals, but particularly serviceable to the raising up of Vapours (g), and to their Conveyance about the World.

(/) That there is no such Thing as positive Levity, but that Levity is only a less Gravity, is abundantly manifested by the acute Seig. Alph. Borelli dt Mat. a Grav. pend. cap. 4. See also the Annotations of the learned a,nd ingenious Dr. Clark on Rohaulti Phyf. p. I. c. 16. Note 3. Also the Exper. of the Atad. del Cimento, p. 118, &c. Dr. Walks's Disc, of Gravity and Gravitation before the Royal Society, Nov. iz. 1674. p. z8, o>c.

(g) I have before in Note a, Chap. 3. shewn what Vapours are, and how they are rais'd. That which 1 shall here note, is their Quantity : Concerning which the before-commended Dr. Ha/ley hath given us some curious Experiments in our Phil. Transact, which may be met with together in Mr. Lowthorp's Abridg. Vol. II. p> 108. and 116. Mr. Sedileau also at Paris observed it for near three Years. By all their Observations it appears, that in the Winter Months the Evaporations are least, and greatest in Summer, and most of all in windy Weather. And by Monsieur Sedileatt's Observations it appears, that what is raised in Vapours, exceeds that which falleth in Rain. In the seven last Months of the Year 1688, the Evaporations amounted to n Inches 5 Lines;, but the Rain only to Inches 6-j-Lines: In 1689, the Evaporations were 31 Inches 10 i Lines; but the Rain 18 Inches 1 Line: In 1690, the Evaporations 30 Inches 11 Lines; the Rain ri Inches-jof a Line. Vid. Mem. de Math, Phyf. Ann. \6<)z. p. 15. .

If it be demanded, What becomes of the Overplus of Exhalations that descend not in Rain ? I answer, They are partly tumbled down and spent by the Winds, and partly descend in Dews, which amount to a greater quantity than is commonly imagined. Dr. Halley found the descent of Vapours in Dews so prodigious at St. Helena, that he makes no doubt to attribute the Origine of Fountains thereto. And I my self have seen in a still, cool Evening, large thick Clouds hanging, without any Motion in the Air, which in two or three Hours Time have been melted down by Degrees, by the cold of the Evening, so that not any the least Remains of them oavebee n left.

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And now from this transient View of no other than the Out-works, than the bare Appendages of the Terraqueous Globe, we have so manifest a Sample of the Wisdom, Power, and Goodness of the infinite Creator, that it is easy to imagine the whole Fabrick is of a Piece, the Work of at least a skilful Artist. A Man that should meet with a Palace (h), beset with pleasant Gardens, adorned with stately Avenues, furnished with well-contrived Aqueducts, Cascades, and all other Appendages conducing to Convenience or Pleasure, would easily imagine, that proportionable Architecture and Magnificence were within: But we should conclude the Man was out of his Wits that should assert and plead that all was the Work of Chance, or other than of some wise and skilful Hand. And so when we survey the bare Out-works of this our Globe, when we lee so vast a Body, accouter'd with so noble a Furniture of Air, Light and Gravity} with every Thing, in short, that is necessary to the Preservation and Security of the Globe it self, or that conduceth to the Life, Health, and Happiness, to the Propagation and Increase of all the prodigious Variety of Creatures the Globe is stocked with j when we fee nothing wanting, nothing redundant or frivolous, nothing botching or ill-made, but that every thing, even in the very Appendages alone, exactly answereth all its Ends and Occasions: What else can be concluded, but that all was made with manifest Design, and that all the whole Structure is the Work of some intelligent Being} some Artist, of Power and Skill equivalent to to such a Work?

(A) See Book II. Chaj>. 3. Nttt t.

BOOK

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Of the Terraqueous Globe it self in general.

|N the foregoing Book having dispatch'd rhe Out-works, let us take a Survey of the Principal Fabrick, viz. the Terraqueous Globe it self; a most stupendious Work in every particular of it, which doth no less aggran* dize its Maker (<z), than every curious, complete Work, doth its Workman. Let us cast our Eyes here and there, let us ransack all the Globe, let us with the greatest Accuracy inspect every part thereof, search out the inmost Secrets of any of the Creatures } let us examine them with all our Gauges, measure them with our nicest Rules, pry into them

(a) TAcct——oculis quodamrnodo contemplari pulchritudinem earum rerum, quits Divina Providentid dicimus tar.stitutas. Ac principio Terra universa cernatur, locate in media mundi sede, soli da, v globosa-^—vefiita floribus, herbis, arboribus, frugibut. ■Quorum omnium incredibilir multitudo, infatiabili varietate distinguitur. Adde hue Fontium gelidas perennitates , liquores ptrlucidos Amnium, Riparum -vest it us viridijftmos, Speluncarum concavas altitudines, Saxorum afperitatts, impendentium Pentium altitudines, immenfstattfque Camporum: Adde ttiam ntonditas Auri venas Qua verb, & quam varia gentry Sefiiarutn? < ». g^i Volucrum lapsus, atque tantus t $tit Peeudum paftus t » > Quid de Hominum generc dicatn t Qui quasi cultores terrs. constitute, &C. ■ Qtjt fi, ut animis,

Jic oculis videre poffemms, nemo cunflam intttens terram, dt Dty\na Raiiont dtsbuartt, Cic. de Nat. Deor, 1,». C. 3?.

D 5 with with our Microscopes, and most exquisite Instruments (b) still we find them to bear Testimony to their infinite Workman} and that they exceed all humane Skill so far, as that the most exquisite Copies and Imitations of the best Artists, are no other than rude bungling Pieces to them. And so far are we from being able to espy any Defect or Fault in them, that the better we know them, the more we admire them; and the farther we fee into them, the more exquisite we find them to be. And for a Demonstration of this; I shall,

I. Take a general Prospect of the Terraqueous Globe.

II. Survey its Particulars,

I. The Things which will fall under a general Prospect of the Globe, will be its Figure, Bulk, Mo~ 'tion, Place, Distribution into Earth and Waters, and the great Variety of all Things upon it and in it.

(b) I cannot here omit the Observations that have been made in these later Times, since we have had the Use and Improvement of the Microscope, concerning the great Difference, which by the help of that, doth appear betwixt Natural and Artificial Things. Whatever is Natural, doth by that appear adorned with all imaginable Elegance and Beauty. Whereas the most curious Works of Art, the sharpest, finest Needle doth appear as a blunt, rough Bar of Iron, coming from the Furnace or the Jorge. The most accurate Engravings or Embossments seem such rude, bungling, deformed Works, as if they had been done with 4 Mattock, or a Trowel. So vast a Difference is there betwixt the Skill of Nature, and the Rudeness and Imptrfttlion of Art, B{. Wilk, Nat. Rel. U x. Cli. 6",

CHAP.

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