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the very Bowels (m) -t and inmost Recesses of
In Pbiitf. Trans. Mr. Dent, and Mr. Lewis, relate divers Examples or Worms taken out of the Tongue, Gums, Nose, and other Parts, by a Woman at Leicester, which they were Eye-witnesses of. These, and divers others mention'd in the Transactions, may be seen together in Mr. Lowthorp's Abridg. Vol. 3. p. 132'.
Narrat mihi vir fide dignus < Caff. Wendlandt ■ ■ fe in Polonia, pttero cuidam ruftico duorum annorum, Vermiculum albitm e palbebrk exiraxijfe, magnitudinis Eruct. • ■ ■
Similem fere htt'tc eastern mihi [Schulzio] er D. Segero narravk hoc. Anno 1676. ehirurgus nofter Ant. Statlender, qui ettidam futro, ex Attre, extraxtt Vermiculum talem, qualis in nucibus aveUanis perforates latitare fotet, fed paulo majdrem, eoloris albijftmi; alteri minores 5 ejufdem generis fimiliter ex Aure:
Omnei aliquot horas fupervixerunt — Vermicuhs adhuc
•viventes otulis nostris -vidimus. Ephem. Germ. T. 1. Obf. 14. ubi Vermiculi Icon. Many other Instances may be met with in the fame Tome. Obf. 147, 148, 154.
The Worms in Deer are mention'd often among ancient Writers. Aristotle faith, 2*«'ajj*«; /Bfini sr«>7'5 «£»»•», <=* T?i *fP*Aji £*»T<t«, &c. They [Deer] all have live Worms in their Heads; bred under the Tongue, in a Cavity near the Vertebra, on -which the Head is plac'd; their Size not less than of the largest Maggots; they are bred all together, in number about twenty. Aristot. Hist. Animal. I. i. c. iy.
To these Examples may be added the Generation" of the Ichneumon-Fly in the Bodies of Caterpillars, and other Nymph* of Insects. In many of which, that I have laid up to be hatch'd in Boxes, instead of Papilios, &c. as I expected, I have found a great Number of small Ichneumon-Flies, whose Parent-Animal had wounded those Nymphs, and darted its Eggs into them, and so made them the Foster-Mother of its Young. More Particulars of this Way of Generation may be seen in the great Mr. Willughby'% Observations in Philof. Trans. N°. 76. But concerning the farther Generation of this Insect, I have taken Notice of other Particulars in other Places of these Notes.
(m) The Animals ordinarily bred in the Stomach and Guts, are the three Sorts of Worms call'd Lati, Teretes, and Afcarides; concerning which, it would be irksome to speak in Particular, and therefore I (ball refer to Mouses, L. ^. c. 3T> 3*' 3'J- ' Dr. Tyson % Anatomy of them in Mr. Lowthtrp's Abridg. V. 3. p. izr. Seignior Redn obf. and others that have written of them. , .: And
the Bodies of Man and other Creatures (»>: And as for others to whom none of these Methods
• -• ■•' .- are
And not only Worms, but other Creatures also- we said to be found in the Stomach; Instances of which are so innumerable, that I (ball only select a few related by Persons of the best Credit. And first of all, by some.of our own Countrymen. Dr. Lister, (whose Credit and Judgment will hardly be question'd,) gives an Account of true Caterpillars, vomited up by a Boy of nine Years old; and another odd Animal by a poor Man. Mr. Jeffep, (another very judicious, curious and ingenious Gentleman, saw Hexapods vomited up by a Girl; which Hexapods liv'd and fed for five Weeks. See I.owth. ib. p. 135.
And to Foreigners,, it is a very strange Story (but attested by Persons of great Repute,) of Catharina GtiUria, that dy'd in Feb. 1662, in the Hospital of Alttnburg, in Germany, who for twenty Years voided by Vomit and StooT, Toads and Liz.x*rds, &c. Ephtmir. Germ. T. 1. OWf. 103. See also the 109. Observation of a Kitten bred in the Stomach, and vomited up; of Whelps also, and other Animals, bred in like Manner. But I fear a Stretch of Fancy might help in some of those last Instances, in those Days when Ipontancous Generation was held, when the Philosophers seem to have more (lightly examined such Appearances than now they do. But for the breeding of Fro^s or Toads, or Lactrte, Aauatica in the Stomach, when their Spawn happeneth to be drank, there is a Story in the second Tome of the Ephtm. Germ. Obs. 56. that favours it, viz.. In the Tear 1667, a Butcher's Man going to buy some Lambs in the Spring, being thirsty, drank greedily of some standing Water, -which a while after, caus'd great Pains in his Stomach, -which grew worse and worse, and ended in dangerous Symptoms. At last he thought somewhat was alive in his Stomach, and after that, vomited up three live Toads; and so recover d his former Health. <«.^V... -1
Such another Story Dr. Sorbait tells, and avottdieth it seen with his own Eyes, of one that had a Toad came out of an Abscese, which came upon drinking fo»l Water,
Obs. 103. • •:
(») Not only in the Gurs, and in the Flesh; but in many other Parts of the Body, Worms have been diseover'd. One was voided by Urine, by Mr. Mat. Milsord, suppos'd to have come from the Kidneys. Lowth. ib. p. 135.: More such Examples Mouses tells of. ibid. So the Vewts Cueur■ . • bitini
bitini are very common in the Vessels in Sheeps Livers: And Dr. Lister tells of them, found in the Kidney of a Dog, and thinks that the Snakes and Toads, &c. said to be found in Animals Bodies, may be nothing else. Lowth. ib. p. no. Nay, more than all this: In Dr. Bern. Verx^fcha's sixth Observation, there are divers Instances of Worms bred in the Brain of Man. One, a Patient of his, troubled with a violent Headach, and an itching about the Nostrils, and frequent Sneeiing; who, with the Use of a Sneezing-Powder, voided a Worm, with a great deal of Snot from his Nose. A like Instance he gives from Bartholine, of a Worm voided from the Nose of O. W. which he guesseth was the famous Olaus Wormius: Another, from a Country Woman of Dietmarsh; and others in Tulpius, F. Hildanus, Scbenckius, &c. These Worms he thinks are undoubtedly bred in the Brain: But what way they can come from thence^.J can't tell. Wherefore I rather think, they are such Worms as are mentioned in Note (k), and even that Worm that was actually found in the Brain of the Paris Girl (when opened) I guess might be laid in the Lamina of the Nostrils, by some of the Ichneumon, or other Infect Kind, and might gnaw its way into the Brain, through the Os cribiforme. Of this he tells us from Bartholine, Tandem cum tabida obiijjet, statim aperto cranio pmsentes Medici tot am cerebelli substantiam, qutaddexterumvergit, a reliqtto corpore sejunctam, nigraque tunica involutam deprehenderunt: b&c tunica rupta, latenttm Vermem •vivum, cr pilosum, duobus punClis fplendidis loco oculorum prodidit, ejufdem fere molts cum reliqua Cerebri portione, quiduarum horaram [patio Jupervitcit. B. Veriaf. Obs. Medicæ, p. 16.
Hildanus tells us such another Story, via. Filius Theod. aust der Koulen, Avunculi mei, diuturno vexabatur dolore capitis. —— Deinde febricula v sternutatione exortd, ruptus eft Abfceffut circa os cribrofum —— v Vtrmis prorepfit. By his Figure of it, the Maggot was an Inch long, and full of Bristles. Fabri JHildan. Cent. I. Obs.
Gaknus Witrus (Physician to the Princ. Jul. 6: Ctcve) he faith, told him, that he had, at divers Times, found Worms in the Gall-bladder in Persons he had opened at DnJJeldorp. \c\, ib, Obs. 60.
seal seal up Provisions, that serve both for the Production of their Young, as also for their Food and Nurture when produe'd (o).
The other Piece of remarkable Art and Care about the Production of their Young, is their Curiosity and Neatness in repositmg their Eggs, and in their Nidification.
As to the first of which, we may observe that great Curiosity, and nice Order is generally observ'd by them in this Matter. You shall always fee their Eggs laid carefully and commodiously up (p). When upon the Leaves of Vegetables, or other Material on Land, always glu'd thereon with Care, with one certain End lowermost, and with handsom juxta-Positions (q). Or if in the Waters, in neat and beautiful Rows oftentimes, in that spermatick, gelatine Matter, in which they are reposited, and that Matter carefully ty'd and fastned in the*Waters, to prevent its Dissipation (r),
or i ■
(#) See before Book IV. Chap. 13. Note (c).
(/>) Some Infects lay up their Eggs in Clusters, as in Holes of Flesh, and such Places, where it is necessary they should be crowded together; which, no question, prevents their being too much dried up in dry Places, and promotes their hatching. But,
(q) As for such as are not to be clustered up, great Order is used. I have seen upon the Posts and Sides ot Windows, little round Eggs, resembling small Pearl, which produced small hairy Caterpillars, that were very neatly and orderly laid. And to name no more, the White Butterfly lays its neat Eggs on the Cabbage Leaves in good Order, always gluing one certain End of the Egg to the Leaf. I call them neat Eggs, because if we view them in a Microscope, we shall find them very curioufly furrowed, and handsomelymade and adorned.
(r) By Reason it ;would be endless to specify the various Generation of Insects in the Water, I (ball therefore (hecause it is little observed) take Pliny's Instance of the P»"tt a mean and contemned Animal, but a notable Instance of Nature's Work, as he faith.
or if made to float, so carefully spread and poised, as to swim about with all possible Artifice.
And as to their other Faculty, that of Nidisication, whether it be exerted by boring the Earth
The, first Thing considerable in the Generation of this Infect it (for the Size of the Animal) its vast Spawn, being some of them above an Inch long, and half a quarter Diameter; made to float in the Waters, and tied to some Stick, Stone, pr other fix'4 Thing in the Waters, by a small Stern, or Stalk. In this gelatine, transparent Spawn, the Eggs arc neatly laid; in some Spawns in a single, in some in a double spiral Line, running round from end to end, as in Fig. 9, and io; and in some transverfly, as Fig. 8.
When the Eggs ale by the Heat of the Sun, and Warmth of the Season hatched into small Maggots, these Maggots descend to the bottom, and by means of some of the gelatine Matter of the Spawn (which they take along with them) they stick to Stones, and other Bodies at the bottom, and there make themselves little Cafes or Cells, which they creep into, and out of at Pleasure, until they are arrived to a more mature Nympha-State, and can swim about here and there, to seek for what Food they have occasion; at which Time, they are a kind of Red-worms, above half an Inch long, as in Fig. u.
Thus far this mean Insect is a good Instance of the divine Providence towards ir. But if we farther consider, and compare the three States it undergoes after it is hatched, we shall find yet' greater Signals of the Creator's Management, even in these meanest of Creatures. The three States I mean, are its Kympba-Vertnicu'.ar State, its Aurclia, and Afa<«r«-State, alias different as to Shape and Accoutrements, as if the Insect was three different Animals. In its Vennitular-Stiie, iris a Red-Maggot, as I said, and hath a Mouth and other Parts accommodated to Food: In its AurelmState it hath no such Parts, because it then subsists without Food; butin its Mature, G*<«-State, it hath a curiouiwellniade Spear, to wound and fuck the Blood of other Animals. In its Vermicular-Siite, it hath a long Worm-like Body, and something analogous to Fins or Feathers, standing erect near its Tail, and running parallel with the Body, by means of which resisting the Water?, it is enabled to swim about by Curvations, or flapping its Body,, side-ways, tins way and that, as in Fig. n.