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than the place where we passed the night on ous pre- | Only another icy plain was to be ascended, and at a vious excursion. The elevation of this point was quarter past three, on the 27th of September O. S. 1829, * 13,036 Paris feet above the level of the sea, and the we stood on the summit of Mount Ararat ! - large masses of rock determined me to take up our [" The Professor and his five companions, viz., the quarters here. A fire was soon made, and a warm sup- deacon, two Russian soldiers, and two Armenian peaper prepared. I had some onion broth, a dish which I sants, having remained three quarters of an hour on the would recommend in preference to meat broth, as being summit, commenced their descent, which was very faextremely warm and invigorating. This being a fast tiguing ; but they hastened, as the sun was going down, day, poor Abowian was not able to enjoy it. The and before they reached the place where the great cross other Armenians, who strictly adhered to their rules of was erected, it had already sunk below the horizon.] fasting, contented themselves with bread, and the brandy !!! It was a glorious sight,' says the traveller, 'to see which I distributed among them in a limited quantity, the dark shadows which the mountains in the West cast as this cordial must be taken with great caution, espe- upon the plain, and then the profound darkness which cially where the strength has been previously much covered all the valleys, and gradually rose higher and tried, as it otherwise produces a sense of exhaustion and higher on the sides of Ararat, whose icy summit was inclination to sleep. 'It was a magnificent evening; and still illuminated by the beams of the setting sun. But with my eye fixed on the clear sky, and the lofty sum- the shadows soon passed over that also, and would have mit which projected against it, and then again on the covered our path with a gloom that would have rendered dark night, which was gathering far below, and around our descent dangerous, had not the sacred lamp of night, me, I experienced all those delightful sensations of tran- | opportunely rising above the Eastern horizon, cheered quillity, love, and devotion, that silent reminiscence us with its welcome beams.' of the past, that subdued glance into the future, which ["' Having passed the night on the same spot as on a traveller never fails to experience when on lofty ele- their ascent, where they found their companions, they vations, and under pleasing circumstances. I laid my arrived the next day at noon at the convent of St. James, self down under an overhanging rock of lava, the tem. and on the following day, Sabbath the 28th of Septemperature of the air at 41%, which was tolerably warm, ber, 0. S., they offered their grateful thanksgiving to considering our great height.

heaven for the success of their arduous enterprise, per" At day-break we rose, and began our journey at half haps not far from the spot where Noah built an altar to past six. We crossed the last broken declivities in half the Lord.] an hour, and entered the boundary of eternal snow, .: We have lately received (says the Quarterly Re. nearly at the same place as in our preceding ascent. In view) an account of an ascent of Mount Ararat in the consequence of the increased warmth of the weather, middle of August 1834, accomplished by a Mr Antonothe new fallen snow, which had facilitated our progress moff, a young man holding an office in Armenia, who on our previous ascent, had melted away, and again was induced to make the attempt, partly to satisfy his frozen, so that, in spite of the still inconsiderable slope, own curiosity, and partly out of regard for the reputawe were compelled to cut steps in the ice. This very tion of Professor Parrot ; whose having actually reached much embarrassed our advance, and added greatly to the suinmit of the mountain is still obstinately denied, our fatigue. One of the peasants had remained behind particularly by the inmates of the convent, who fancy in our resting place, as he felç unwell. Two others that the truth would lower the opinion of the people became exhausted in ascending the side of the glacier. with regard to the sanctity of their mountain. Mr They at first lay down, but soon retreated to our quar- Antonomoff succeeded in reaching the summit; the ters. Without being disheartened by those difficulties, large cross set up by Dr Parrot was nearly covered with we proceeded, and soon reached the great cleft which snow, the smaller cross, planted on the summit, was marks the upper edge of the declivity of the large glacier, not to be found, and was probably buried in the snow. and at ten o'clock we arrived at the great plain of snow One of his guides, who had also accompanied Mr Parrot, which marks the first break on the icy head of Ararat. shewed him the spot where it had been set up. He asked At the distance of a verst we saw the cross which we some persons to look while he was at the top and try if had reared on the 19th of September, but it appeared they could see him. On his coming down, however, to me so extremely small, probably on account of its nobody would admit having seen him there ; they all black colour, that I almost doubted whether I should affirmed, that to reach the summit was impossible ; and be able to find it again with an ordinary telescope from though he and his guides agreed, the magistrates of the the plain of the Araxes. In the direction towards the village refused not only to give him a certificate of his summit, a shorter, but at the same time a steeper de having ascended the mountain, but even of his guides clivit than the one we had passed lay before us; and haying declared he had done so. between this and the extreme summit, there appeared “ This disbelief of the asşertion that the mountain has to be only one small hill. After a short repose we actually been ascended, is not confined to the people of passed the first precipice, which was the steepest of all, the country, but is shared by the American missionaries, by hewing out steps in the rock, and after this the next Messrs Smith and Dwight, (Researches in Armenia, p. elevation. But here, instead of seeing the ultimate goal 267, note,) who, in justification of their incredulity, say, of all our difficulties, immediately before us appeared a that the report was not believed by many of the Russeries of hills, which even concealed the summit from sians, and hint that even the governor of the province our sigbt. This rather abated our courage, which had was sceptical. But the idea that a man of Dr Parrot's never yielded for a moment, so long as we had all our scientific character could either be deceived himself, or difficulties in view, and our strength, exhausted by the could procure the men of his party to join with him in labour of hewing the rock, seemed scarcely commensu- propagating a deliberate falsehood, presents too imrate with the attainment of the now invisible object of probable a supposition to be for a moment admitted. our wishes. But a review of what had been already The repeated ascents of Mont Blanc and other mounaccomplished, and of that which might still remain to tains, nearly as eleyated, and in a much colder latitude, be done, the proximity of the series of projecting eleva- render Parrot's account perfectly credible. tions, and a glance at my brave companions, banished " The incredulity of the Armenians, as to the posmy fears, and we boldly advanced. "We crossed two sibility of ascending to the top of Ararat, is based on more hills, and the cold air of the summit blew towards their superstition. • They are firmly persuaded that

I stepped from behind one of the glaciers, and the Noah's ark exists to the present day on the summit of extreme cone of Ararat lay distinctly before my en- the mountain, and that, in order to preserve it, no per, raptured eyes. But one more effort was necessary. son is permitted to approach it. We learn the grounds


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of this tradition from the Armenian chronicles, in the king, while it enabled him to perform essenthe legend of a monk of the name of James, who was tial services to his brethren of the captivity. After afterwards patriarch of Nesibis, and a cotemporary and the return of the Jews from Chaldea, he succeedrelative of St. Gregory. It is said that this monk, in order to settle the disputes which had arisen with respect to the ed Zerubbabel as the governor of those who, from Scriptural accounts of Noah, resolved to ascend to

the various connections they had formed, chose the top of Ararat to convince himself of the existence rather to remain in Babylon; and to them he beof the ark. At the declivity of the mountain, however, came the object of reverence and esteem. But he bad several times fallen asleep from exhaustion, and he had not forgotten Jerusalem. His affections found, on awaking, that he had been unconsciously gathered around its hallowed precincts, and the carried down to the point from which he first set out. God at length had compassion on his unwearied though interests of Zion lay near his heart. An occasion fruitless exertions, and during his sleep sent an angel soon offered to prove all the ardour of his patriowith the message, that his exertions were unavailing, tic and religious attachments. Having received but as a reward for his indefatigable zeal, he sent him a information that Jerusalem still remained in ruins, piece of the ark, the very same which is now preserved and that the slow progress of the builders had beas the most valuable relic in the cathedral of Etschmi. adzen.

come an object of derision to the nations around, The belief in the impossibility of ascending he betook himself to fasting and prayer, and imMount Ararat has, in consequence of this tradition, which is sanctioned by the Church, almost become an plored the direction of God in the painful exiarticle of faith, which an Armenian would not renounce, gency. King Artaxerxes, observing him to be even if he were placed in his own proper person upon sad and dejected in his countenance, asked of him the summit of the mountain.'"

the reason.

With some hesitation, and with a

heart devoutly lifted up to God, he told him the i DISCOURSE.

cause of it; and the king instantly issued an edict, BY THE Rev. ROBERT BURNS, D.D., empowering him to go and rebuild Jerusalem. Minister of St. George's Parish, Paisley.

He ordered him to receive from the keeper of the “ Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe forest of Lebanon the quantity of wood that might

not out my good deeds that I have done for the be required ; and he furnished him with all the house of my God, and for the offices thereof."- facilities in his power for the successful execution Nehemiah xiii. 14.

of his commission. Arrived at Jerusalem, he, Paul assures the believing Hebrews, that the with his servant, surveyed the ruins by night, Lord will not forget “ their work of faith and assembled forthwith the chief men among the labour of love;" and the prayer of Nehemiah, Jews for consultation, informed them of his powers in our text, amounts to nothing more than a and of his intentions, and with promptitude and petition, that God will be pleased to fulfil; his skill set about the execution of the great work. own promise regarding him. It was not the By a judicious division of labour, the work prodictate of a self-righteous spirit; for surely Ne- ceeded with speed. Thirty-two of the principal hemiah did not imagine that any good deeds of men had the charge of so many departments upon his, however valuable, could possess merit in the the wall. Weapons of war were furnished to the eye of that God, in whose sight the heavens workmen to defend themselves against the malithemselves are not clean. He presumes not sure- cious assaults of Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Gesly to bargain the matter with God, as if his civil hem, who, with their adherents, proceeded from and religious services could lay the Almighty un- scoffs and taunts to deeds of assault and of murder. der any obligation to remunerate him for his deeds; Defeated in their schemes, they had recourse to a or, as if, independently altogether of recompense, vile stratagem; and under the pretext of inviting

, he were not bound to consecrate himself wholly to Nehemiah to a conference, had resolved to waythe Lord. But surely there is no self-righteous- lay and assassinate him. Aware of their intenness in the humble prayer, that God would look tions, or at least distrusting the sincerity of their upon him in love ; that he would deign to accept proposals, he told them that the work in which of his feeble services as proofs and evidences of a he was engaged, was too important to admit of religious spirit; that he would be pleased to verify his absence from it even for a limited time. The his gracious promise, that “it shall be well with enemy, again disappointed, tried to spread reports them that fear the Lord,” and that “godliness is unfavourable to the character of Nehemiah. They profitable unto all things, having the promise of charged him with selfish and ambitious designs, the life that now is, as well as of that which is and attempted to excite prejudices against him, to come.”

both in the breast of Artaxerxes and in the minds I. Nehemiah, one of the children of the capti- of his own countrymen the Jews. These survity in Babylon, was the son of Hachaliah, and a mises Nehemiah treated with a noble disdain, and descendant from the royal line of David. Though went on with calm intrepidity in the work of rehis early years were spent in a heathen land, and building the wall

. In the short space of fifty-two amidst many powerful snares, he held fast the days was it finished, and within a year afterwards, principles of his fathers, and gave decisive evi-l it was dedicated with solemn sacrifice and thanksdence of the sincerity of his piety. By the spe- giving to the Lord, whose special providence had cial Providence of God he was raised to the ho- crowned the undertaking with unlooked-for success. nourable office of cupbearer to the Persian mo- But the building of the city and its walls was narch, and this situation gave him easy access to not the only work in which Nehemiah was en.

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gaged. He curbed the inhumanity of the nobles we admire the grace of God in the display, and we and rich men who grinded the faces of the poor ; are compelled to acknowledge that there is a reaand he gave to the children of depression and of lity in religion. With comparatively few advanwant all the advantages which the year of jubilee tages of a religious nature, and dwelling amid was designed to secure to them. "He observed, scenes very uncongenial to the progress of piety and caused to be observed, with greater exactness in the heart, Nehemiah displayed a firmness of than had been known since the days of Joshua, principle and an ardour of religious feeling, truly the feasts of trumpets and of tabernacles, and admirable. The early lessons of his parents he on these occasions was the law publicly read duly prized and improved. Attachment to the and expounded to the people. The regulations God of his fathers he fondly cherished. Love to regarding marriage, and the due observance of the Jerusalem and its worship was in him no feeling Sabbath, he punctually enforced ; and renewed, of common patriotism merely, but the dictate of a with solemn fasting and prayer, the national cove- heart dedicated to God. Amidst the enticements nant with God. The order of Levites and other of a splendid and licentious court, he sought the attendants on the temple was rectified and esta- glory of his heavenly father, and not the grablished ; and due provision made for the regular tification of vanity, ambition, or carnal desire. observance of the worship of the sanctuary. Suit- Surrounded by the ensigns of a gross and imable precautions were taken for securing the de- pious superstition, he reared a standard for the fence of the city, and its civil government settled true God, and stood forth as a witness for him, in on judicious and patriotic principles.

the midst of his enemies. Like Daniel, he held After Nehemiah had governed the Jews for fast his integrity. Neither the blandishments of twelve years, he returned to Artaxerxes; but court favour at one period of his life, nor the bitter soon did he find that his presence and authority assaults of his foes at another, could tempt him to were necessary in Judea, to reform abuses that swerve from the good path. And why? because had begun to creep in, as well as to give vigour and by the grace of God holy principles had been imstability to the state. Partly by expostulation, and planted in his mind; because these principles were partly by force, he succeeded in rectifying these well understood and practically felt ; because love disorders. The noted enemies of the Jews, who, to God was enthroned in his heart; and because in his absence, had presumed, for treasonable ends, a sense of God, on his mind, led him to stand to take up their residence within the city, and habitually in awe, and not to sin. “ Shall such even within the precincts of the temple, he in- a man as I flee?” was his bold and impassioned stantly expelled. The civil and ecclesiastical sta- reply, when assailed by temptation. Confidence tutes of God's own appointment, he rigidly and in God kept him steady in the scene of danger ; righteously enforced. Religion, morality, and ge- and the lofty aims of a devoted spirit raised him nuine patriotism he cherished by his own exam- above the grovelling pursuits of sense. In the ple; and after a faithful and prosperous govern- circumstances in which Nehemiah stood, grace, of ment of Judea for the space of thirty-six years, he no common degree, was necessary to produce such gave up the ghost, and was gathered to his fathers. steady piety. And his example is an affecting reIt is worthy of remark, that as from Ezra's com- proof to those, who, in situations much more favourmission to rectify the affairs of Judea to the year able, and with all the advantages of a finished in which Nehemiah died, is exactly forty-nine Revelation, satisfy themselves with a form of godyears, this may correspond to the seven weeks of liness while they deny its power. It speaks to the Daniel, in which the city and wall of Jerusalem guardians of youth a lesson of instruction, while were to be built in troublous times, (Dan. ix. 25.) it demonstrates the high value of systematic knowSo minutely is God's predictive word accomplish- ledge of God, early and devoutly imparted to the ed, and so satisfying is the evidence from histori- youthful mind. It speaks to the young, while it cal fact, that “ prophecy came not of old time by proves the importance of steady principles in rethe will of man, but holy men of God spake as sisting temptations. It reproves and admonishes they were moved by the Holy Ghost.”

all, by exhibiting a practical illustration of the II. Character of Nehemiah.

comprehensive proverb of the wise mun, that “the 1. Nehemiah was characterized by well-ground- fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.” ed and steady religious principle. We do not 2. Nehemiah was distinguished by his selfwonder at finding that the children and the do- denial. One of the best evidences of sound relimestics of a truly pious family are generally pious gious principle is self-denial. When the will is and sober-minded; we rather wonder that our subjugated to the will of God; when the mind reasonable expectations, in this respect, should feels itself completely satisfied with the wisdom so frequently be disappointed. But when, as and goodness of the divine economy; when self is in the case of the corrupt house of Rehoboam, thrown into the back-ground, and a noble disinwe find a young Abijah in whom “ there was terestedness of feeling gives its tone to the chasome good thing towards the Lord God of Is- racter, then have we some good proof that our rerael ;” and when, as in the case of Nehemiah, we ligion is sincere. Nehemiah dwelt in the court of find the vigour of holy principles bidding defi- Artaxerxes, where he might have lived in ease and ance to all the snares of a wicked court, and splendour, and where his ready access to the powerrising superior to all the enticements of idolatry, ful monarch of Persia gave him many opportunities



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of aggrandizing himself and his family. But he and who “turneth thein was willing to surrender all private considerations, | The favourable answer from Artaxerxes came to when a sense of duty demanded it. He improved him with a singular relish, because it came under his advantages, not for his individual good, but for the character of an answer to prayer, and the lan, the good of his countrymen. Their depressed cir- guage of his grateful acknowledgment is thus ex, cumstances gave a wound to his heart, which all pressed : “ The king granted me, according to the splendours and gaieties of a court could not the good hand of my God upon me.” This can. heal, and imprinted a gloom on his countenance sideration gave a new vigour to his movements. which all the favour of Artaxerxes and of Esther, He felt himself to be called of God to the undercould not remove. Regardless of the difficulties taking, and he went in the strength of the Lord of the undertaking, he left the court of Babylon, his God. In this part of Nehemiah's character we and undertook a wearisome and dangerous journey, are taught that in all our undertakings, whether of animated with this one desire “ to seek the wel private business or of public interest, we should fare of the children of Israel." Nor did the diffi- not depend on our own wisdom and skill, but im, culties he encountered, and the malignant opposi-plore the direction of Him “who worketh all tion of Sanballat, Tobiah, and Geshem of Arabia, things according to the counsel of his own will." and the bitter taunts of scoffers around him, weak- | Moreover we are taught that no elevation of rank, en the strength of his resolution. When charges and no public and official station, ought to excuse of a very gross nature were advanced against him, a man in the neglect of the duties of piety and deand when there was at least a fear lest the minds votion. Nehemiah maintained his devotional of his own people and of his patron Artaxerxes spirit through life. He acknowledged the Lord might have been poisoned with jealousy and sus- in all his ways. The stated exercises of devotion picion of his integrity, he nobly rises above the received from him a regular and punctual perforgathering storm, and appeals to a higher tribunal mance, while the pious ejaculations which, amid than that of man, satisfied that God would bring the hurry of business and the cares of government, forth bis righteousness as the light.” Nor in pro- were darted up from his soul to heaven, proved secuting his plans, did he impose a burden on the habitual seriousness of his mind. “ I have set others to which he would not himself submit. He the Lord always before me." shared with the humblest in the labours of the Nehemiah's zeal for the glory of God is spewall, while he bore alone the responsible charge of cially displayed in his anxiety to vindicate God's superintending the whole and conducting the ordinances from abuse, and to enforce their pune measures of defence. There is in this the sublime tual observance. The public reading and expoundof practical self-denial ; the pattern of holy, dis-ing of the law, for the edification of the people, interested, persevering activity in a good cause. testified his regard for God's Holy Word. The He was at once diligent in business, and fervent exactness with which the appointed rites in the in spirit.” He lost sight of selfish considerations ; | feasts of trumpets and of tabernacles were gone and feeling for the humblest of the people, he gave about, under his superintendence, testified his rethem the full value of his labours and his influence verence for the law, in all the comprehensiveness, without the smallest remuneration. That which and in all the minuteness of its requisitions. His he asked not from man, he knew God would be- zeal for the sanctification of the Sabbath, proved stow ; and hence the prayer in our text. “ He the high sense he entertained of the value of that had respect to the recompense of the reward ;” and holy institution, and its direct subserviency to the this good hope triumphed over the secularising in religious and civil interests of the community at fluence of worldly attachments. What a reproof large. He checked the public abuses of it, by the to the selfishness of professing Christians! the bearing of burdens, the performance of servile cold indifference and criminal indolence of

some,- work of any kind, the buying and selling of comthe carnal, temporizing, and crooked policy of modities, and the neglect of public worship. others. It administers a pointed rebuke to the Like a true patriot, and like a good man, he held votaries of pride, vain-glory, ambition, and self- the purity of Sabbath sanctification to be a matter interest. It draws to the life the striking contrast of paramount importance to all others; and, by between all these claims and those of the Saviour, influence, precept and example, he recommended while it presses on us, with double force, the words and enforced it upon all. Does not this speak of Him who sought not his own will, “but the volumes of reproof to modern professors ? Does will of Him that sent him.” “ If any man will it not teach us the duty of sanctifying the name, come after me, let him deny himself.

the day, the altar, and the ordinances of our God? 3. Nehemiah was distinguished by his zeal for And does it not call upon all, whatever their stathe worship and the ordinances of God. In cir- tion or office may be, to consecrate themselves to cumstances of difficulty, Nehemiah committed his the Lord, and to lay themselves out for the service way unto the Lord. Before telling the king of of Religion ? Keep my ordinances. Hallow Persia the causes of his grief, he makes a direct my Sabbaths. I am the Lord.” appeal to Him who is higher than the highest; Lastly. Nehemiah was distinguished by enand in the hope of obtaining a favourable answer lightened and consistent perseverance in the disfrom man, he darted up an earnest supplication to charge of personal and official duty. How often Him who hath “ the hearts of kings in his hands,” are difficulties pleaded in excuse for the neglect

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of duty, or of perseverance in a good cause? | parts of our own, and of foreign lands ; by strengthHad Nehemiah been disposed to plead such an ening the hands of faithful labourers in the vineapology, he had never left the Palace at Shus- yard ; and, above all, by the sweetly persuasive han, to embark in the mighty undertaking he charm of a godly, and righteous, and consistent had in view. Or, if he had embarked in it, deportment. In these “works of faith and labours would not the obstacles which open foes and false of love," let not difficulties alarm us ; let not the friends threw in his way, have compelled him to hostility of some, and the apathy of others, turn us desist? But Nehemiah persevered, in spite of aside from duty; let us say with Nehemiah, “ we opposition, and he triumphed over it all. Even are engaged in a great work, and we cannot come at that trying moment, when the very persons on down ;" and, like him also, let us “

persevere with whom he chiefly relied were dispirited, and, from all prayer and supplication in the Spirit.” Be ye excess of fatigue, were ready to retire from the “ living epistles of Christ, known and read of all wall in disgust, he remains unshaken and undaunt- men.” The cause of Christ is embarked in us, its ed; and by his zealous perseverance he roused professors. The interests of the kingdom of heatheir drooping courage. In this we have an emi- ven are linked with us, its subjects. The honours nent example of active diligence in duty; of forti- of the cross may rise or fall in our hands.

“ Be tude in resisting all temptations to apostasy; of thou faithful unto death," and, “ when the Chief prudent circumspection, in giving no cause to the Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of enemy to speak reproachfully; of habitual depend-life, which fadeth not away." ence on God, and undeviating perseverance in the path of duty. « Be not weary in well-doing." “

THE KINGSWOOD COLLIERS; Those who are engaged in the discharge of pub- OR, THE POWER OF THE GOSPEL WHEN lic official duty, may find much in the character of

FAITHFULLY PREACHED. Nehemiah to guide and to encourage them. Ne- This pleasing instance of the effect of divine truth in civilizing and

refining the most savage hearts, is selected from a "History of hemiah was an enlightened, and firm, and merci- Revivals in the British Isles," by the Author of the Memoirs of ful governor. He rectified prevailing abuses. He

the Rev. M. Bruen.—The work will richly reward an attentive

perusal. checked tyrannical usurpations of the rich and "KINGSWOOD, which is a district near the city of Bristol, powerful over the poor and weak, and addressed to had formerly been a royal chase, containing between the party accused this pointed interrogatory :-“ It three and four thousand acres, but it had been gradually is not good that ye do: Ought ye not to walk in appropriated by the several lords whose estates lay the fear of our God, because of the reproach of round about its borders, and their title, which, for a

long time, was no better than wbat possession gave the heathen, our enemies?” As a righteous ma

them, had been legalised. The deer and the greater gistrate, he held the reins of government with a part of the wood had long since disappeared; and coal steady and impartial hand ; executed the laws inines having been discovered there, from which Briswithout respect of persons; vindicated the civil tol derives its chief supply of fuel, it was now inhabited and religious institutions of his country; patron- by a race of people as lawless and untaught as their ized Religion by his official influence and example; ing as much from the people of the surrounding country

forefathers of the forest, but far more brutal, and differand habitually acted on the great principle, that he in dialect as in appearance. They had, at that time, was “ the minister of God for good.” In him we no place of worship, for Kingswood belonged then to have a practical illustration of the truth, that an the out-parish of St. Philip, Bristol. Had the colliers upright, and pious, and enlightened magistrate is felt disposed to travel three or four miles, they could

public blessing. By the impartial execution of have found no accommodation in the church of this law, by encouraging and patronizing Religion and populous suburb; and if they could, would have felt sound morals; by checking vice and promoting church. When Whitfield spoke of going to America

as much out of their element as a sailor does in a city public virtue ; by a conscientious regard to all the to convert the savages, his friends at Bristol replied, claims of moral and religious obligation, he be- What need is there of going abroad for this ? Have comes a terror to evil doers, and a praise to them we not Indians enough at home? If you have a mind that do well; and thus, in him, is it substantially to convert savages, go to the colliers at Kingswood.' demonstrated, that “ righteousness exalteth a

Towards these colliers, Whitfield, from this time, felt

his heart yearn, for they were very numerous, and yet people,"

as sheep having no shepherd. On the afternoon, thereNehemiah, in his private and in his official cha- fore, of Saturday, Feb. 17, 1739, he stood upon a mount facter, was zealous for the public interests of Reli- in a place called Rose Green, his first field pulpit, and gion. He “ loved Zion ;" he desired its prosper- preached to as many as came to hear, attracted by the ity; he prayed for it ; and he did much to promote novelty of such an address. I thought,' says he, 'it it. Like him, we may reverence God's Sabbaths, might be doing the service of my Creator, who had a and promote their better observance in our own ing board ; and who, when his Gospel was refused by

mountain for his pulpit, and the heavens for a soundfamilies, and in our own community. Like him, the Jews, sent his servants into the highways and we may encourage our religious institutions, our hedges." Not above two hundred persons gathered round holy ordinances, our charitable foundations. Like him, for there had been no previous notice of his intenhim, we may build up the walls of Jerusalem, by tion; and these, perhaps being no way prepared for his countenancing the preaching of the Gospel; by exhortations, were more astonished than impressed by

what they beard. Yet Whitfield was cheered by this spreading abroad the lively oracles of God; by en

first step, and says, in his journal, Blessed be God, couraging seminaries for religious education; by the ice is now broken, and I have taken the field. sending the heralds of life and peace to the darker

• Oliphant and Son, Edinburgh, 1836,

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