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gaze with which they beheld him was not an intelligent, Vig—and that at all hours, from eight o'clock at night but what Wesley used to call ‘a stupid attention.' till one in the morning, he has passed by and overheard This lasted but one month, when he began to observe persons engaged in prayer. Many a bush formed a one and another melt into tears, and a tender wistful shelter for a soul communing with its God; and along listening, a living ear' substituted for the former the brown ridges of the fallow, by stooping, so as to stupid one. Presently enquirers came to obtain private cast the figures between the eye and the clear margin instruction, and the exigencies of the people led to the of the horizon, dim forms might be discerned, either extension of religious opportunities—such as a lecture alone, or two and three together, kneeling and pouring on Thursdays, and many regular prayer mcetings, which out their wants at the footstool of mercy. The captain still exist, and are attended with avidity. In 1827, up- of a king's ship, which lay for a considerable time oft wards of 600 pupils, of various ages, attended the schools the island, who, in pursuing his sports, has crossed and Land in 1834, mention is made of 13 Sabbath schools recrossed the lands in all directions, bears witness that in that one parish. Auxiliaries were required to aid he never met with any intoxication, any profanity, nor inthe teachers and catechists, and every thing seemed to deed a single person engaged in any occupation which be in a state of lively movement. When Mr MʻL. first might tempt him to wish to shrink from public inspection, entered on bis office, all the people of a certain age were except during their frequent retirements for prayer. He accustomed to flock to the table of communion. He mentioned, in particular, his having entered a wood-yard had reason to apprehend that few of them discerned the in the town of Stornoway, to enquire into the progress Lord in the feast, and preached to them carefully for a of some repairs making on his boat, when he saw two year, before he ventured to celebrate that solemn ordi. men retire behind the logs to pray together, and though nance ; and so much bad their light increased, that but their Gaelic was unintelligible to him, their occupation, a small portion of the old communicants presented them and obvious abstraction from the world, and solemn selves, and they with silent tears. It is very remarkable, impression of the divine presence, softened and subthat in the course of years wherein he has acted as their dued the man of the sea, though not given to the meltpastor, he has scarcely been obliged to reject or keep ing mood. back any one from this feast of love. Indeed there are “ He said, " They are an extraordinary people here; many wbom their pastor would be glad to admit, who one cannot but be struck with their honesty, kindness, keep back perhaps from some erroneous apprehension and sobriety. I am told they make a good deal of of the nature of the ordinance. This is the case in whisky for sale. It cannot be for bome consumption, several other Highland parishes. At the communion for I think I never met a drunk person out of the town. services of 1828, the island seemed to be moved with One hears of Religion elsewhere, but one sees it here in one emotion, for 9000 people flocked to Vig on that every thing.' occasion. Then and subsequently, the days and nights, “We have pleasure in mentioning, as another exam. from the fast to the thanksgiving days, have been occu-ple of the devotional habits of these people, what a pied in exhortation and prayer, by the various ministers friend, who was rowed up the Loch Roag, witnessed. and elders, amongst whom the name of John Macdonald The way being long, it is customary to stop to rest and of Parintosh or Urquhart stands pre-eminent. In 1833, refresh the oarsman. When they had drawn their boat an immense concourse of persons attended, following up into the little bay, and ceased from their toil, the and seeking the truth, from the isles of Harris and Uist, men, before they tasted of their food, raised their blue as they bad done for a year or two before; and the bonnets, and united in prayer. cautious pastor, speaking of this and similar occasions, “ It may be proper to state, that the cabins of the indescribes to a Christian friend the ' deep impression' habitants, consisting of but one apartment, furnish no which was then made, the deepening work,' the opportunity of retirement; and this explains in part the
new and old converts,' the 'liberty of the ministers custom of praying in the open air. There is, however, in preaching,' the “refreshment of the people in bear- another and more affecting reason. The people want to ing,
' and the servent longing for another such season.' repair far more frequently to the footstool of mercy than He also speaks of the knowledge and experience of at morning and evening; and as their occupations are in the people,' of the Gospel prospering in Lewis,' of general out of doors, or on the waves, so also are their
many new converts being brought in during the so- prayers. lemnities.' It is not in our power to give much par- " There are five natives of the parish of Uig who were ticular detail, the honourable and judicious caution of the enlisted when a regiment was raised on the island, and faithful pastor, for the present, declining to bring into pub- having gone with the army to Egypt, lost their sight by lic view the cases of individuals in whose real devotion to ophthalmy, and after their return have become acquainte God he has much comfort. General results, however, ed with the doctrines of the Gospel. It is common with are in the possession of the public, and may be thank them to bless God for having taken away their bodily fully and humbly stated, to the praise of that blessed eyes, since they regard that as one of the instruments Spirit who has wrought such changes. In proof of the in his hand for opening the mental sight, which was minister's own enjoyment of his scene of labour it is before in a state of darkness. Three of them are active pleasing to state, that he remarks in 1834 : · Ten fellow-helpers in the extension of Christian truth and winters have I passed here, all wonderfully short, plea- consolation. One is a most efficient and zealous elder sant and delightful;' and his teachers are all so much in the parish of Uig; of another we shall have occasion interested in their occupation, that they would rather to relate a curious circumstance under the head of libeexpend their lives in that retired region than remove to rality; and of the third we present the following well wealthier and more southern districts. We hope the authenticated narrative, under the head of prayerfulness. faithful records preserved by him who watches for their “ This blind man, whose name is even unknown to souls as one who must give account, will, at no dis- us, had the affliction of losing a wife who was a very tant day, be published, to revive the drooping Church. pious character. She left a daughter old enough to disIn the mean time, all that we are about to relate of the tinguish the excellencies of her mother. In the course general aspect of society there, we mention as detailed of time the father took another wife, of a very feeble by witnesses much interested in stating the truth cor. constitution, who, though a good woman, bad not atrectly :
tained to the Christian advancement of the first. The "1. The prayerfulness of the people. One gentleman, girl was most exemplary in all ber duties, obeying and who annually visits the Lewis, inentions that he has reverencing her stepmother as if she had been her own often walked forth at eventide to have his spirit refresh- mother. She was in all respects a most promising and ed by observing the devotional temper of the people of pleasing character ;. and her father having often enjoyed
spiritual conversation with her, was, from these mutual | would doubtless have done so, and held themselves guiltcommunings, fully satisfied of her happy state.
less. But now it was not so. Every portion was acSaturday, when the weather was tempestuous, the young curately weighed or divided, and as their necessities people, as was customary with them, were going out were so great that they had nothing then to pay, their a-fishing. The father urged his daughter to remain at affectionate minister gave a promissory-note for it, knowhome, but she said her mother liked a fish for her din- ing well that the excellent lady, whose property the and she would try to catch one for to-morrow, as
would not suffer him to be impoverished. it was the only sustenance she cared for. They went The people knew this also, but none took advantage of to fish, when suddenly a huge billow swept the face of it, all were occupied in economising to the utmost till the rock on which they were set. The boys managed one after another they had repaid their debt. Thus to scramble up the rock, but the beloved daughter of they obtained aot only the great blessing of necessary the blind veteran was swept into the boiling ocean. food, but preserved the still greater blessing of integrity, The last view her terrified comrades had of her, was and a spirit free from covetousness. sitting on the crest of a wave, with her fishing-rod in “ It is the rule in this and the other isles of the Heone hand, and basket in the other. They returned with brides, that when a man meets a stray sheep on the the sorrowful tidings; and from the nature of the rocky moor, he is entitled to carry it home as his own, and coast, and the course of the tides and currents, no one en- obliged to make an equivalent offering in the collection tertained a hope of tinding the remnants of her mangled for the poor on the Sabbath day. After the commencebody. The Christians around, came as they did of oldment of the revival in the Lewis, many came to confess to Martha and Mary, to weep with the atticted father, to their minister the trouble of conscience they experiand passed the mournful night in prayer. His mind, enced by reason of having what they called a black sheep though before so satisfied, became filled with alarm and in their tlocks_some having had them for several winters. concern about her final state, now that she was gone, The minister always directed them to make restitution and bis soul refused to be comforted. In the course of now in the appointed way, and in one season the sun of prayer he was led to reiterate the petition, that if she L. 16 was deposited in the plate. The number of sheep were one of the assembly of the redeemed, he might annua!ly lost has wonderfully diminished since the comknow it by this token, that the sea should give back mencement of the revival, leading to the conclusion that his dead, and that he might bury her. In the morning the loss imputed to accident arose from dishonesty. those who passed along the shore in their way to the 3. “ The Christian liberality of the people. It has house of God, found the dear girl gently deposited on long been the custom to make a collection at the Thursthe sand, her. limbs decently composed, as if she had day lecture, for the most necessitous persons in the disbeen adjusted for burial, and in no way defaced or in- trict where the lecture is held—and thus, without poor jured. Then went the weeping father, and with solemn rates, these people support their own poor. for many joy took up his dead, witnessing that precious in the years they have contributed L.13 or upwards to the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints;' that their Gaelic School Society, sometimes L.16, and one year very dust is dear to him ; and also, that he is verily the when the society was in difficulty, the contribution bearer and the answerer of prayer.
amounted to L.20. On transmitting L.16, which was " Are there some who read this fact, that count it the the sum coliected in Uig in 1830, Mr M.Leod remarks extreme of credulous superstition, and stamp the work - Considering the circumstances of the people, I bear in Lewis as of this character for its sake? That is be- testimony that their liberality and zeal in this case lave cause they do not know the sweet intimacy and com- cause to provoke very many to similar duties. It was munion that subsists between the Father in heaven and most delightful to see the boary head, and the young his reconciled children. They cannot judge of a case in scholar of eight or nine years, joining in this contribution. which they bave no experience. Perhaps even some of The will preponderates over our purse, so that we canthose who believe in the efficacy of prayer, may say not do exactly what we would.' In 1831, Mr M.Leod, there is a want of caution in narrating this story. Why while he petitions that a teacher may not be removed then should we be cautious to hide what God reveals from his present station for another year, says, 'A poor His own spirit dictated the narration of the prayers of man in that station declared to me lately, that should Gideon, how he selected his tokens himself once and the directors demand one of his cows, he would readily again, and they were granted to him. And if Gideon, give one before he would part with the teacher.' who knew the Lord only by the more obscure early “ The journal of the superintendent, in stating the promises of redemption, could venture to ask so much, examination of one of the schools in Uig, mentions the are those who have heard all that we have of the be- case of a man, named Norman M'Leod, who is one of nignity and the compassions of Jesus, not to come boldly the many hundreds of souls in the isle of Lewis that to the throne of grace in time of need ? Is the divine bave come out of gross darkness into the sweet and character changed? Is he not the same God who filled blessed light of the knowledge of God, partly by means the Heece with dew, and left the earth around dry; of the Gaelic schools, and partly by the ministration of and again bedewed the ground, and preserved the fleece the truth :- Norman M.Leod is a native of this parish, from moisture, that heard the cry of his afflicted ser- and at an early age enlisted into the army, went abroad, vant in the Lewis ? His mighty billow swept the lamb and was in several engagements.' Balls,' says he, from the rock into the engulphing ocean. His gentle wave • whizzed about me in numbers, but the Lord directed restored her vacated tabernacle to console her father, them so that they did me no harm.' He was in Egypt, and answer his doubt, by an assurance that she was that and there lived in drunkenness and profligacy. “There,' duy with her Saviour in paradise. If he hath done the says he, in his native Gaelic, the Lord took from me great thing of dying for us, will he despise to do the my bodily sight. I came bome, and on the way was wonless of consoling us, and proving that his eye is upon us derfully preserved. At length I found myself in my still?
native land. Here I found things not as I left them. 2. “ The uprightness of the people. On occasion of 1 found the Bible of God, of which I was totally igno. a year of famine, the natives were put to great straits, rant, among my friends; and schools amongst them for and in danger of perishing for want. A vessel laden teaching the knowledge of that blessed book. I found with meal was driven upon their shores by stress of such a work among them with Bibles and schools as Weatber. Did the famine-stricken natives seize on the was altogether new to me. Nay, the very children ship, and lawlessly apply her cargo to the supply of their would correct and reprove me, though an old man. In necessities? If they had, hurger would have formed for one of these schools, the Bible caught my ear, it sunk them a plausible excuse. Twenty years before, they into my heart; it there opened an eye that sin had ever
kept sealed; it read to me my deeds, it led me to trace thousands. Poor Norman contributed his score of my former ways; yea, times, places, and deeds that shillings' both last year and the present, and says he were quite banished from my memory, were recalled in- means to do so while he lives, unless the king be. to full view. It recorded a black catalogue against me, comes bankrupt!' We have pleasure in stating that and seemed to fix my portion amongst the damned. I Norman is not weary of his liberality, as he adds one thought my case altogether a hopeless one, but the same penny to his pound for every year that God adds to his Bible brought to my ears tidings of unutterable worth life. -salvation through a crucified Saviour.'
“ Their pastor, knowing that, by losses at sea and a “ The superintendent mentions this as a preface to a bad harvest, they were one season unusually impove. little story, which, were the honesty and simplicity of rished, did not call in the collection as usual; but the old man known to the reader, would be considered they collected it among themselves, and carried it to more interesting still.'
him. He said he feared they could not afford it, but “ • I began,' said Norman to his minister, “to think they would not be excused. how these Gaelic schools came to be planted in my coun- “ In 1835, when, in addition to all their usual col. try. I thought on the state of my country when I knew lections, they in one day at church gathered L20 for it before in my youth, and on the blessed fruits of these church extension, they were favoured with such a sucschools among my kindred. I contrasted both, and cessful fishing season, as enabled them to supply all the wondered, and thought, and wondered again. Said I, wants of the winter. The fishing had for many years what is this? What a change of things! Blessed failed, and the people observed that, by means of this God! Blessed Bible! Blessed people, that sent their wealth bestowed on them from the sea in 1835, they schools! and blessed schools that teach the Bible of were amply repaid for all they had been enabled to give. God to perishing sinners! and blessed teachers, men of This is another of those facts which we note to the Christ! I thought what would my poor country be, glory of him who is nigh unto all them that fear him, but for the Bible and these schools. I was led into He knoweth what we have need of, and they who scattheir history, and traced them to a society in Edinburgh. ter in faith shall still increase. Let not any of those They engrossed my attention, and I thought them really contributors shrink from this mention of the gracious he schools of Christ. I thought I would pray for them, dealing of God with them. The effort of their liberaand so I did; but this, thought I, is not enough. When lity was known to those interested in the church extenthe Lord took away my eyesight, he gave me a pension. sion scheme, and the plentiful fishing was told in the I thought I should give some of that to help his schools. newspapers. May those who see the divine hand give A public collection was proposed by you. I felt happy him the praise ! at this, and prayed that the Lord might open na sporain “ Dr Chalmers, who is well acquainted with the dhubhà (that is, the black purses, an appellation given amount usually collected in such a situation, observed to the purses of greedy worldlings), and I myself gave that L7 would have been a handsome contribution for two shillings. When a collection was proposed this the parish of Uig. The parish of Lochs must also be year, I think,' said I to myself, 'I shall give this mentioned as rivalling its neighbour in liberality, having year four shillings, double what I gave last.' 'It is contributed as much as L20 to the Gaelic School Soenough for you,' said something within me, to give ciety in one year, influenced by the same feeling of grawhat you gave last year, two shillings.' Here fol- titude and concern for the ignorant. It is pleasing to lows a long and most original debate, between Norman be enabled to trace this to the only genuine source of with the enlarged and melted heart, and the old world- liberality. The faithful pastor at Lochs has lately been ly-wise Norman. Sometimes he would give double, cheered by seeing several new souls awakened, and the then five, then ten, then back to five. During all this good work has been going on prosperously in the early debate he was in great agitation, having, as he felt, months of 1836. May the spirit of the Lord cause this lifted up his hand to the Lord that he would give so thing to grow !" much. He thought of Ananias and Sapphira, and dared not go back; while the same inward voice asked him,
DISCOURSE. * Ah, Norman, what are you about; you are now going crazy altogether ; you are a poor blind man, you
BY THE Rev. ANDREW GRAY, cannot work, you have a family of seven to support, and the money God gave you as a provision for
Minister of Woodside. your family, you should apply to the object for which “ Thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and it was given, which will be most acceptable to him.' have need of nothing ; and knowest not that thou "I then began to ruminate on the whole process, art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and at length I thought my opposition might be the and naked."-Rev. ii. 17. suggestion of Satan to keep me from giving so much THESE words were not addressed to heathens, my to the cause of Christ. On reflecting on this for a while, I felt convinced it was he. I started upon my visible church, and who professed to be Christ
brethren, but to persons within the pale of the legs, and lifting up my hand with defiance, I said, “ Ah! you devil, I will give a score of them. I will give a ians, as you do. Many of them must have sprung pound note every year I live, so the further you follow from Christian parents, and received the ordinance me, the more you shall lose.' From that moment the of baptism in their infancy, for the Laodicean temptation ceased.'
Church was now of at least from thirty to forty “How interesting and encouraging it is to mark the wonderful and merciful working of God in preserving
But if language like this can apthis poor blind man abroad, and in bringing him in safe ply to persons who have been born in the bosom ty home to his native land, until, by your instrumenta- of a Christian community, it certainly does
appear lity, he should be made acquainted with the ways and to follow, as a consequence, that the great moral salvation of God. Thus, from Egypt all the way, a and spiritual change called conversion, is not neblind scholar has been brought to your schools. Thus, cessary for heathens alone, and cannot be reckoned the Bible having been blessed to a poor blind man, in a remote hamlet of your land, has drawn forth the
a phenomenon, which is incompatible with the prayer of his heart in its own cause, and as much out
circumstances of the Christian world. And the of his small pittance for the cause of Christ, as out of truth, my brethren, is, that notwithstanding the the purses of those who have their hundreds and their Christian name we bear, and the Christian privileges we enjoy, from the first moment of our fore good store of the current coin of the eternal existence, each of us as much requires to be con- world, and are possessed of riches that will endure, verted, as did our less favoured ancestors, who after the present system of things has passed away. propitiated idol deities with human blood. The 2. “ And increased with goods." These words change, no doubt, externally, cannot be, by any embody an additional conceit of the unconverted means, so striking; but, considered essentially, man. He is rich, and his wealth is not in the and in reference to the heart, it is the same ; and, course of decay; on the contrary, it is rising in with all our supposed Christianity, so long as we its amount, it is accumulating fast. He has a have not experienced that change, it is true of us, good capital; and, in mercantile phrase, he is as it was of the Laodiceans—we say “we are rich, doing well. and increased with goods, and have need of no- If he is a young man, he, peradventure, rejoices thing; and know not that we are wretched, and in the rapid growth and extensive range of his miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked.” literary, and scientific, and professional acquire
1.- The unconverted sinner's estimate of his ments, and his heart bounds within him, as the own condition.
strong hope arises of approaching distinction and 1. “ I am rich.” The word “rich," is here fame. Each new stage in his progress he reaches used in its most extended meaning, as descriptive with fresh satisfaction and delight ; he is more and of the possession of that which is of great value. more confirmed in the belief, that the literature, “ I am rich.” I possess much ; and what I pos- the science, the professional skill he has already sess is well worth having. I have great reason to got, and continues to get, are the very things be satisfied with the abundance of excellent things which it is most important for him to have; and, which I can call my own.
as onward he speeds with untiring enthusiasm, addIf the unconverted sinner has money, he is ing one attainment to another, he seems to say,– proud of it. He looks upon it as a great portion. “ I am rich, and increased with goods." He distends with the idea of the consequence he I have adverted to one case, but there are others. derives from it. You have only to look at him, There is the case of him who has made large acin order to discover his feeling to be that he is rich. quisitions of religious knowledge; who, perhaps, But many of the unconverted have no money to has figured in the Sabbath school, and won the be proud of. That circumstance, however, does encomiums of his teachers, and the admiration of not prevent them from finding out that they are his friends, by the application of rare powers of rich. Perhaps they have respectable family con- memory and of judgment to the statutes and annections, or they have a goodly personal appear-nouncements of God's Word; who, leaving that ance, or they possess superior talents. In any humble arena, has presented himself for admission such case, the mind fastens with special compla- into the fellowship of the Church, and has passed, cency upon the circumstance, and feels all the sa- with great eclat, the scrutiny of pastoral examinatisfaction attendant upon the consciousness of tion; and who, having now entered some circle of being rich. There are those of the class to which religious companionship, is foremost among his our observations have reference, who have amiable brethren in apt and fluent quotation of Scripture, tempers, generous dispositions, benevolent hearts; and in the ease and fulness with which he can diswhose charity is extensive; whose deeds of mercy course respecting doctrinal, practical, or experiare countless, and whose steady aim it seems to mental Christianity. When such a man is unconbe, to reduce the amount of human misery, and verted,--for unconverted such a man may be,-he, communicate happiness to all around them. Re- regards his attainments as most creditable to himspecting such persons, far be it from me to say self, and his progress as being of the most satisany thing that is harsh. But the truth must be factory kind; he feels as if he could, without spoken. The kindly emotions and sympathies presumption, make the boast of the Pharisee, that with which they are conversant, the alms-givings he is not as other men are; and his whole carriage and charitable acts which they practise, do some proclaims, as distinctly as his mouth could declare, times stand forth in conspicuous array before their that he thinks himself rich, “ and increased with minds, and, as they review them, they whisper to goods." themselves, “we are rich”-rich in good hearts, See, again, that man who has left behind him “ rich in good deeds.” There are those of upright the gay period of youth, and has arrived at the principles, too, who always hold the scales of justice years of maturity and wisdom. He is no longer even between themselves and those with whom what he once was. The fire of passion is modethey transact, and who are the most sincere and rated, and the grosser immoralities of early life unflinching enemies of every species and every de- are abandoned. He does not now rush headlong gree of fraud ; and we shall find among the un- into the practice of folly, and of flagrant and open converted, not a few of decent and honourable sin. He does not now take a pride in setting at character, who uniformly employ the weight of nought all the decencies of society, and in violattheir influence in favour of morality, and for the ing its most obvious duties. In extravagance, and suppression of vice. Such men stand high in their vanity, and vice, he perceives not those attractions own estimation. They are gratified to think that, which he formerly felt to be overpowering. No. being enabled to call principles so exalted, and He has forsaken the pursuit of pleasure. He has conduct so exemplary, their own, they have there- renounced the habits of licentiousness. It is manifest to all men that he is changed. From being the universe, and who has consequently forfeited, a person of no character, he is hecome a person of a thousand times over, the well-being of body and good character. He is inferior to none of his soul for ever. Survey him again, watch his béo neiglıbours in moral standing and respectability. haviour, and say what indications he gives of being He is a prudent, a well-behaved, an honourable sensible that the grace of God is necessary to sanccitizen. In consequence of the improvement tify his heart, and purify, and regulate his life. which has taken place, the man fancies that he Do you see about him the humble carriage of one has great reason to be satisfied with himself. The who is deeply affected by the thought of the perperiod of his moral bankruptcy has been succeeded verse and corrupt tendencies of his nature, who by what, in his estimation, has proved a most has made the mortifying discovery that his own prosperous period—a period that has been signal righteousness is at best but as a filthy rag, and has ized by so goodly an accumulation of merit as to become convinced that the skill of an Almighty compensate, and more than compensate, for the Physician is indispensable to remove his spiritual shortcomings of the past. This feeling is pre- disease, to cure the grievous wounds and bruises cisely the counterpart of the feeling of the world- with which he is overspread, and to cleanse and ling, who rejoices in the wealth he has amassed, heal his putrifying sores? Do you find that he and
says, “ I am rich, and increased with goods.” avails himself of the privilege of access to the 3. « And have need of nothing." In these mercy-seat, with that frequency and earnestness, words we are presented with the unconverted man's and pours out his desires before God with that climax. It is a great thing to be rich, still better fulness and fervour to which such sentiments and to be making vast acquisitions of wealth, but, be- convictions would infallibly lead ? No. He is not yond comparison, it is best of all to have reached given to prayer. He has no experience of holy that degree of prosperity at which all anxiety and desire. The gracious words of the Saviour, “ask care can with safety be dismissed, and the man and ye shall receive," prove no stimulus to spiritual can congratulate himself on his fortune being marle; activities or religious exercises on his part. He on provision being secured for all his wants ; the sees them not to be suitable to his case. Well fitobjects of his most ambitious desires being realised ; ted they are to set those in motion who have little and an independence attained, so firm and well- of their own, whose resources are spent, and whose founded, as to baffle the power of adversity to over- energies are gone. But he belongs not to that throw it. One might be rich and increased with class of unfortunates. He can do for himself. goods, and still require many things which he did He can subdue and discipline his own spirit. He not possess; but surely there is no room for im- can correct and govern his own ways. He has no provement in his condition, who stands in need of occasion to stoop so low as to supplicate and look nothing. The prosperity of his state has arrived for the bounty of the God that made him. It is at the superlative degree.
true, my brethren, that the unconverted man often Perhaps you ask, where is that man? It is repairs to the house of God, but the circunstance not our present business to answer such a ques- that he carries none of the divine benefits away, tion, or to enquire whether he can be found in any that he returns as empty as he came, proves him part of the world. Enough for us, in the mean to have taken the idea along with him that he had time, that we can point to one who fancies he is need of nothing. You may see him approach the the person, and who seems to view his own cir- wells of salvation, but you will never see him drink cumstances so favourably as to conclude that he is of their waters. You may see him standing where in the happy predicament of having no wants, the manna has fallen, and where the bread of life that he is, in every respect, so well supplied, and is dealt out to the famishing soul; but you will šo felicitously situated, as to have need of nothing. never see him taste of the heavenly food. He Look there to the unconverted man, the respect. neither hungers nor thirsts after righteousness. able, benevolent church-going sinner, whose heart | Unmoved he beholds the display of the new coveis a stranger to the renewing grace of God. Does nant mercies of the God of salvation, and from he need pardon? Is he at all dependent on that the glorious exhibition of the varied and inexhaustiforgiveness which the Scriptures assure us may be ble fulness of Christ, he walks away with a comfound with a merciful God ? He appears not to posure and an apathy which proclaim that, in his think so. His bearing is any thing rather than own opinion, he is independent of it all, and has that of a criminal, conscious of his demerit, and need of nothing ! aware that his ruin is inevitable unless the cle- II. The unconverted, sinner's real state. mency of that God, whose law he has despised and 1. “He is wretched.” Consider the original whose authority he has rebelled against, should in- state of mankind. Think of its enjoyments, its terpose to save him. The unconcern and tran- privileges, its honours, its prospects. How blessquillity which he displays, are such as it were im- ed was that state! think of a world which sorrow possible to reconcile with the supposition that he could not trouble, which disease never ravaged, knew the fact even of a human law being about to and which death durst not darken with his gloomy arrest him for the penalty incurred by its infringe- shadow ; a world to which angels delighted to ment; and far less can we reconcile them with resort, as to an abode of purity and peace; a world the idea that he considers himself as one who has where man appears with the diadem of innocence traversed every statute of the great moral code of yet gracing his brow, and announcing his dignity,