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factor on the cross. He, certainly, was not a man, This then is one fact in the case of the malein regard to whose previous character we are war- factor on the cross, which makes his salvation the ranted to form a favourable opinion, or who had more extraordinary,—he held the character of a aught about him which was fitted, either to re- great sinner. But we go on to observe, that he commend him to the mercy of God, or to predis- not only held this character, but that he held it pose him to a cordial reception of the Gospel. in the most appalling, the most perilous of all cirOn the contrary, he was labouring under the greatest cumstances. His mortal life was verging to its of all possible disadvantages, and was actually met close. The final pangs of dissolution were beginhy difficulties, which no power, inherent in his own ning to seize hold upon him. He was come to the nature, could have enabled him effectually to grap- very brink of an eternal world. There was but ple with and to overcome. And it is just by tak- little time to prepare for the last and awful change. ing these difficulties and disadvantages into account, And that time, instead of being dealt out to him that we are brought to the conclusion, that it is amid the quiet and the peacefulness of a dying bed, not only by grace that men are saved, through was most cruelly embittered by the tortures of the faith, and that not of themselves, it being the gift crucifixion,—by the scornful revilings of an infidel of God, but that the salvation of the Gospel is associate,—by the blasphemous railings of a savage adapted to the necessities even of the very chief of and infuriated mob. "These were the circumsinners, and that, moreover, when they are placed stances in which his salvation was to be achieved, in circumstances which of all others are the most and was actually achieved ; and such being the undesirable, apparently the most hopeless. fact, his is not merely the case of a great sinner
Let us look then, for a little, at the circumstances obtaining mercy at the hands of the Saviour, but in which this man was placed, and we shall dis- it is the case of a great sinner obtaining mercy at cover much which seems, to all outward appear- the very last hour, and in circumstances apparently ance, to be standing greatly in the way of his own as desperate, as it is ever possible for a human salvation. First of all, he was not only a stranger being to be placed in. to that holiness of heart, without which no man But we observe, moreover, that the malefactor can see the Lord, but he was not a man of himself was not only brought into a most deplorhonest and of good report, even in the sight of his able condition, but that so also apparently was the fellow-creatures, who generally judge of them- very Saviour, on whom the last and only hope of selves, and of each other, by a standard which is his soul was depending. That Saviour did not very different from that of the Bible. In point of seem, at that moment, to be sitting, as he is now, fact, he held the position of a malefactor, who was at the right hand of the majesty of God, ruling deemed to be deserving of death. And as it was with undisputed supremacy over all the powers the object of the Saviour's enemies to put upon and the principalities which are in heaven, and in him every possible indignity, to sink him into a earth, and in hell, and bearing the name, before state of the lowest degradation, and to number which “every knee shall bow, and every tongue him even amongst transgressors, it is by no means confess, that he is Lord, to the glory of God the improbable, that this man was fixed upon to be Father.” In point of fact, be was brought down crucified along with him, just because he was a into a state of the lowest humiliation. The foundamalefactor of the most notorious description. At tions of his kingdom seemed to be on the very eve all events, the fact of his being condemned to be of being rooted up for ever, and his dominion therecrucified, a punishment which, at that time, was by brought to an end. Nay, he had actually fallen reckoned the severest and the most ignominious, into the hands of his mortal enemies. With loud is of itself, and in the absence of all other evidence, voices they were triumphing over him in his last the most decisive proof that he was a man of a agonies. Even the vilest and most reprobate of base and infamous character. And we are not malefactors was lifting up his blasphemous resure but that he held that character up to the very proaches against him, as if he had lost the eternal time when he was nailed to the accursed tree, — power and godhead that belonged to him. Aye, nay, that he actually joined with the other male- the very disciples that bad been privileged to folfactor, in the language of bitterest reproach against low his footsteps, and to witness his miracles, and the great Redeemer himself. At least, in the ac- to listen to his preaching, had all forsaken him and count which is given of the crucifixion, both by fled, as if they believed no longer that it was he Matthew and Mark, no distinction is made between who was able to redeem Israel. And, what was the two; it is merely stated in these general terms, more appalling—more comfortless—more humilithat “ they that were crucified with him reviledating than all the rest, he seemed to have been him," a mode of expression which might almost deserted of the Father, and left as an abandoned warrant the inference that the one malefactor, at victim to the fell vengeance of the mightiest powers the first, was a scoffer, as well as the other. But and principalities of hell. be that as it may, there can be no doubt that he Take then the whole of these circumstances inheld the character of a condemned criminal; a to consideration ; the exceeding sinfulness of the man whose previous conduct was so infamous, that man's character; the extremity to which he was in suffering the punishment of death, he himself driven at the very close of his mortal life, and the most freely acknowledged that he was receiving desertion and humiliation of the Saviour himself; only the due reward of his own deeds.
and what is the inference we are apt to draw from
them? Why, judging according to the ontward | broken, and all heaven was ringing with the acappearance, we conclude at once, that the difficul. clamations of a lustier note of praise, it must have ties were greater by far than could ever be over- been when the emancipated spirit of that saine come; that his salvation was impossible. And marred, and scourged, and crucified Redeemer yet what was the result? The thing which was had burst from its mortal tenement, and risen to impossible with men, was yet proved to be possible its glorious reward. And surely if there be one with Goil; and even to the malefactor, in spite of thing which can shed a brighter lustre than another all his disarivantages, the cross of Christ was made over the grace and the majesty of the Saviour's the wisdom of God, and the power of God unto character, it is this : that when he made his trihis salvation.
umphal entrance into the glory which awaited And how are we to account for that marvellous him, in the presence of his Father, and among the fact ? Not, certainly, by supposing that there was congregated hosts of heaven, he went not in conany principle of virtue inherent in the man's own pany with a vast assemblage of long-tried and illusmind, for there is not the vestige of a foundation trious saints, but attended, as the chiefest trophy of for maintenance of such an opinion,—but by his victory over all the powers and the principalities simply referring it to the operation of the Spirit of hell, lvy the ransoined spirit of that very man of Almighty God. Had he been left to himself, who, an hour before, had been holding the characor to the spontaneous influence of his own cor- ter of the vilest and the most miserable of sinners. ruptions, he must have died in the same state of Such are the chiel facts which we gather from mind in which he seems to have lived, and might, the sacred narrative, ir. regard to the malefuctor peradventure, have exhibited to the
last on the cross ; and they are certainly franght with spirit, just as hardened, and as reprobate, and as most important and instructive lessons. They teach blasphemous, as that of the malefactor who was us, at all events, that ihe salvation of the Gospel crucified along with him. But as soon as the may be obtained even by the chief of sinners, and Spirit of God took huld upon his heart, how that too, at the very last hour. Such, in point of striking was the change which was produced, and fact, was the experience of the maletacior, and how different was the spirit which he breathed ! such, in like circuir.stances
, may be the experience Instead of the recklessness and the blasphemy of of any other man. Indeed, it is scarcely possible an intidel spirit, there was actually the germ of to conceive of any situation which could be more every principle which belongs to the character of hopeless or more miserable than his. And so long a Christian,—the feeling of generous indignation as his case is standing on record, we have the against sin—the open acknowledgment of the jus fullest warrant for addressing the invitations of tice of his punishment—the recognition of the the Gospel, even to the chief of sinners, and that, power and the mercy of the great Redeemer, moreover, though they be standing on the brink faith, humility, devotion, purity, heavenly-mind- of an eternal world. The same Saviour that edness, all breathing in the prayer, “ Lord remem- plucked him like a brand out of the midst of the ber me when thou comest into thy kingdom.” burning, and compassed him about with songs of
And what followed almost immediately? Why, the most merciful deliverance, is still able to save the faith which was able to discern the mercy and unto the very uttermost, and has actually declared, the majesty of the Saviour, even amid the weak- that “him that cometh unto him he will in no ness and the humiliation of the cross, was not left wise cast out.” And therefore there is no ground without a rich and most abundant recompense of for despair to any man, be his character or his reward. The prayer which ascended from the circumstances what they may, who is still found depths of one of the neediest and most miserable on this side of the grave. spirits that ever breathed, was at once and most At the same time, though mercy has been, and graciously accepted. And that very hour which may still be obtained by the chief of sinners, even seemed the darkest and the most deserted of the at the last hour, it is, nevertheless, to be carefully Saviour's humiliation, was signalized by the work- observed, that that fact does not afford the slighting of one of the mightiest miracles which ever est warrant to any man to continue one moment drew the admiration of angels and of men,—the longer in his sins, and in so doing to draw comsalvation of the chief of sinners, at the very close fort from the belief that it is time enough to atof a miserable existence, in the very act of grap- tend to his salvation when he comes to die. The pling with the final agonies of death!
experience of the malefactor on the cross affords Oh! surely if ever there was a time, when no doubt an argument, and an argument, too, the there was silence and amazement in heaven, it most powerful and incontrovertible, against any must have been at the crisis of the crucifixion, man's yielding to the influence of despair; and yet when the face of the eternal Father was withdrawn it does not afford the slightest shadow of a pretext from his only begotten Son, and the express image for any man's yielding to the spirit of procrastinaof his person was numbered with transgressors, tion, but the very reverse. For if a man does nailed to the accursed tree, deserted of all his dis- actually trifle with the overtures of the Gospel, ciples, insulted by the vilest malefactors, and, and continue in the path of sin, he is thereby despite of all his greatness, was yielding himself doing what he can to resist and to put down the a prey to the terrific agonies of death. But if ever operations of the Divine Spirit, and is thus bringthere was a time when the stillness was again ing himself, by sure and successive steps, into
that state of inveterate insensibility, in which the even in circumstances, and amid provocations offers of the Gospel, if they be not in righteous such as these, he had obtained mercy at the hands judgment withdrawn from him, are most likely to of God; had all this been the experience of the be productive of no salutary or saving effect. So malefactor on the cross, then, perhaps, there that, should the life of that man be spared for might have been some kind of pretext for the many days to come, which of itself is a matter of inference of the careless and impenitent sinner, great uncertainty—or should he be permitted to that it is tiine enough to repent and believe the die in circumstances in which the offers of the Gospel when he comes to die. But, if it be the Gospel may be again made to him, and in which, fact, which seems indeed to be exceedingly promoreover, his own mind may be capable of attend- bable, that the Gospel was not known to the maing to them—should even that be the case, then lefactor till he was brought to the very borders we say, that he is not only hazarding his eternal of an eternal world; and if it was the first ininterests, by depending on contingencies over terview with the Saviour, which he improved, for which he has no control, but that there is every the purpose of securing an interest in the kingthing in the previous state of his own mind, and dom of heaven, then the hope of the heedless in the sovereign dealings of Almighty God, to and the procrastinating sinner is deprived of the make it more than probable that he will die in the very grounds upon which it is resting. In fact, very same spirit in which he has lived.
he is illegitimately taking encouragement to conSuch, at all events, has been the case with tinue in sin, and that, besides, from a case which great multitudes. Very few, perhaps, have rea- bears no decided analogy to his own. And, therelized the experience of the malefactor, who ob- fore, though it be unquestionably true, that the tained mercy at the last hour. But multitudes, experience of the malefactor on the cross is past all numbering, have realized the experience fraught with the richest encouragement to the of the wretched man, who was crucified along dying sinner, whose previous circunstances have with him, and have retained their hardihood and excluded him from the means of grace, or froin their infidelity to the very end. And, therefore, the offers of the Gospel, yet we dare not say, that the dying experience of the great majority of man- it speaks any other but the language of almonikind, is all against any nian's yielding to the spirit tion and of warning unto every man to whom of procrastination, and in favour of an instant and the Gospel has already been addressed, but who, most earnest attention to the things which relate notwithstanding, is hardening his heart, as in the to his everlasting peace.
day of provocation. But besides, you are to take notice of the fact, On the whole, then, it is both the duty and that there are but few cases which are strictly the interest of every man to make sure work of identical with that of the malefactor on the cross. his own salvation at the present moment; to So far as we remember, it is the only case which leave nothing to the contingencies of a dark and is recorded in the Bible of a man's salvation uncertain futurity; " to seek the Lord while he being accomplished during the last moments of is to be found, to call upon him while he is his existence. That of itself is a most impor- near.” And, in that case, we shall not only be detant and instructive fact; and with that fact be- livered from the most distracting of all our anxiefore us, we are certainly justified in regarding it ties, and be furnished with all the grace, and the as an extreme case-a case which is remarkable strength, and the consolation which we need, for its singularity—a case which may occur again, amid the various and successive stages of our because it has occurred before, but which cannot earthly pilgrimage, but when we come to walk reasonably be expected to occur in the experience “ through the valley of the shadow of death,” we of every man, or in the vast majority of instances ; may reasonably expect, that even there the darka case, in short, which if it occur at all, is most
ness shall be irradiated by the light of the Sun of likely to occur but rarely, and that, too, where the Righteousness, and that, through the kindness of circumstances of the individual are so peculiar our Heavenly Father, there shall be given to us and extraordinary, as to be almost out of the or- the bright and the abundant entrance into his dinary course of experience.
glorious kingdom. And in addition to the fact, that the case of the malefactor on the cross is to be regarded as an extreme case, it is still farther to be observed,
LUNATIC ASYLUMS, that we have no ground to believe that the sal- LETTER TO DR JAMES RUSSELL, EDINBURGH, vation of the Gospel was placed within his reach BY JAMES GLASSFORD, ESQ., ADVOCATE. one moment before he actually accepted of it.
MY DEAR SIR,—The interesting facts stated in a late Could it be clearly proved that he had been living Number of the Christian Herald, on the importance all ois life long in the enjoyment of the means of religious instruction in Lunatic Asylums," as exempliof grace; that he had been fully instructed in the fied in the Charity Work-House of this city, induce me great doctrines of the Gospel; that the offer of to mention to you a similar experiment which was made saivation had been repeatedly addressed to him; in the Asylum at Glasgow, as early as the year 1819. I
visited that institution in the month of September of but that, instead of laying hold of it in the day that year, in company with the late Dr Alexander Ranof his merciful visitation, he bad actually put it kin, then minister of the North-West (now called St. off to the last hour of his existence; and that, David's) Church, in that city; and I was much struck
THE BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF RELIGIOUS IN-
with the warm reception which he received from many frustrated and many minds lost, by stopping at the of the inmates, some of whom, taking his hand in a cor- mere physical treatment, or by not carrying that dial manner, expressed great approbation of what he which is moral to the highest point and fullest extent had said to them on the preceding day. On my in- of which it is susceptible. To the patient who is quiring afterwards, at my respected friend, what had capable of appreciating the kindness of his physician elicited this peculiar expression of feeling, and the re- or his keeper, it can never be irrelevant to attempt ad. marks which accompanied it, he explained to me that ministering the consolations and the encouragements of he had, either at the request, or at all events, with the Christianity." concurrence, (I am uncertain which) of Dr Balmanno,
The letter to which Mr Glassford refers, as having physician to the hospital, attended on the afternoon of the preceding day, Sunday, and delivered a discourse before been received from the house-surgeon of the Glasgow such of the patients as, in the opinion of Mr Drury, the Lunatic Asylum, and which bears date 18th June 1836, superintendent, might safely be allowed to assemble; contains the following statement:and with respect to these, it was left to their own choice.
“In referring to our annual reports, I find that public Between forty and fifty (males and females) did volun- worship was commenced here in 1819, and continued tarily attend, and conducted themselves with great pro
once a fortnight by the city clergy till 1824, when a repriety. After prayer, Dr Rankin delivered a discourse, gular chaplain was appointed, and now officiates at six from Isaiah xliii. 25," I, even I, am he that blotteth o'clock every Sunday evening, the duration of the whole out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not service being about an hour and a-half. On the whole, remember thy sins ;” giving a plain exposition of Scrip- you may assure your friend, that the result of our experiture doctrine, such as he would have addressed to any
ence here, goes to prove that public worship, judiciously common audience, and, of course, without any refer- conducted, and to patients properly selected, is both ence to the peculiar circumstances of his hearers. The soothing and comforting, even in preserving a link that so physician, matron, and others, in charge of the esta- strongly binds every well regulated mind in a Christian blishment, were present. Several of the patients ap- community, and showing them, that though detached, peared to be deeply affected, and shed tears.
they are not yet neglected, or outcasts from society. It I state these circumstances, as I find that they were
also affords an admirable opportunity of appealing to noted by me at the time, and as the information the better feelings of our nature, and exhibiting the was given by my late friend himself, who was much malignity and debasing consequences of indulging the pleased with the result of this first experiment of
worse, and this without personality, or kindling angry conducting divine worship within the walls of the feelings, or even giving room for reply, where the latGlasgow Asylum. It seems due, in some measure, to
ter too frequently exist with the disposition to justify bim, and to the managers of that interesting and well
them. conducted Hospital, that the fact should be generally restraint and self-command which it necessarily im
And lastly, in my humble opinion, the moral known. It may tend, also, to confirm the experience of those who have lately pursued the same benevolent poses, and the relief and variety which in most in
stances it affords, from the tedium and listlessness of a plan in the Edinburgh institution.
day when the usual labours, active recreations, or Not being aware, at the time of reading the report amusements of the inmates are suspended, rank highgiven in the Christian Herald, whether the practice est, at least in a curative point of view. The numbegun in Glasgow, at the period referred to, had been
bers usually attending, of both sexes, are about ninety afterwards continued, I wrote to a friend in that city, out of one hundred and fifty, the others being obvious. to ascertain the fact, and with some general enquiries ly unfit, unwilling to go, or not permitted for a time, as to the duty discharged by the chaplain of that
on account of some misconduct, our practice here being Asylum, who is now one of the regular function
not to enforce attendance, but to make the permission. aries. The answer which I received from Mr Mac
seem a mark of our confidence and approbation; and kenzie enclosed a letter, which, on his application, Mr
the result almost uniformly shows, that it is considerei. Galbraith, the present house-surgeon of the establish- such, as many of them evidently strive to control ment, took the trouble of writing, and which contains their irregular emotions, and express a hope, that they some interesting facts in relation to the subject. I take the liberty of sending these communications, under the Indeed, the attention and general propriety of our little
may not be considered unworthy of attending worship. impression that they may afford you some additional congregation is such, as (especially considering their data, on a question so interesting.
circumstances) must at once strike and gratify any inI recollect, when at Paris in 1828, visiting the establishment for instruction of the deaf and dumb, (Ecole directed benevolence, be particularly pleasing to the
telligent stranger, and amongst other results of welldes Sourds-Muets in the Fauxbourg St. Jacques,) and humane and generous founders of this institution.” inquiring, among other particulars, what amount of religious knowledge and training the children received,
NOTES OF A FAREWELL SERMON PREACHED who shewed a remarkable quickness in their written answers to questions put by the teacher on various other
AT ETTERICK. subjects. The answer which I received was, that the
BY THE REV. John BOSTON, JUN. attempt to communicate religious truth to them had never succeeded, and, in the opinion of the managers,
" Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be
of one mind, live in peace, and the God of love and of peace would be quite impossible with persons in their situation. shall be with you."--2 Cor. xiii. 11. We know from the experience of the deaf and dumb schools in our own country, in Edinburgh, Glasgow, I ENTERED on these words last Lord's day. The me. Liverpool, Manchester, Dublin, and other places, how thod I proposed for handling the subject was, First
, utterly unfounded this theory of the Parisian teacher is. .To discourse of the several duties as they lie before us And, although the case of the lunatic is not the same
in the text; and then to make some application. The with that of the deaf and dumb, and may in all instances duties are great and weighty indeed, and in the narrow be less promising, it can scarcely be doubted that the bounds of time assigned to us, I am to do little more experiment, if fully made, would be followed by some
than mention them. I dispatched the first last Lord's day, beneficial effect, at least in many cases, and where the
—“ be perfect.” You will remember, I took notice of the violence of the disease is not so great as to preclude the The case of Cowper will naturally occur to you as a remarkable application of all moral treatment and persuasive in- instance in connection with this subject, and affording, in some meafluences. I can suppose that many cures have been views.
sure, the advantage of a double experiment, in corroboration of your
word perfect as it stands three different ways in Scrip- ye cure the sick-raise the dead_heal the lame_cleanse ture. It is ascribed to God, and to him only it can the lepers_cast out devils—and by working all kinds be ascribed in the most strict and proper sense of it. of miracles. No; but none of these is the badge. He He alone is the centre of all true holiness and perfec- brings it down to the simplest thing you can think of, tion. It is ascribed to saints in heaven, and to the love to one another. And now, is it of no weight spirits of just men made perfect. And it is applied to with you, to move you to unity, that it is the badge of saints on earth. It is said of Job that he was “a per-Christ's disciples ? Yes, methinks this consideration fect and upright man,” and Hezekiah says, “ remember, o should have great influence upon you, to move you to Lord, how I have walked before thee in truth, and unity and friendship, one with another. Again, how with a perfect heart.” There is something worth no- pleasant and delightful is it to live in friendship, conticing here ; there is a perfection of parts, and there is cord, and agreement one with another? “Let there be a perfection of degrees. A new born child has all the no strife between us,” says Abraham to Lot, “ for we be lineaments and features of a man, yet he is not a perfect brethren.” Whatever you may think of it, my brethren,
Even so a child of God has a something of per- I assure you it was greatly held in repute in the heathen fection in every part of him. All the parts of him are world. Agis, one of the kings of Sparta, being once in part perfect; but no part of him is completely per- asked why Sparta had no walls about it-it being a fect ; “but he grows up by degrees, until he come to the great city-he, pointing with his finger to the inhabi. full stature of a perfect man in Christ Jesus."
tants who were then present,-these, says he, be the The second duty exhorted unto in the text is,—“be of walls of Lacedemon,-meaning the unity and concord good comfort.” In discoursing on this part of the sub- then there. ject, I laid down several grounds of comfort which the I have had occasion in the course of my ministry, to people of God may take comfort from, and give com- discourse of unity unto you, and I do the rather insist fort to others. As, 1st, The sufferings and death of upon it now, that we are about to part, for I do not Christ afford great ground of comfort to the people of know of any thing that will more conduce to your havGod in the time of trouble and distress. The Apostle ing a well qualified Gospel minister settled among brings it in as a ground of comfort in the 8th chapter you, than your unity one with another. My brethren, of the Romans, “ who shall lay any thing to the charge as there is nothing more pleasing to the Holy Spirit of of God's elect,” &c., as if the apostle had said, since God than unity, peace, and concord; so there is noChrist died and rose again for his people, who is he thing more displeasing, more grievous unto him than that shall condemn them? And from this they may envy, strife, and debate. The Spirit of God, my bretake comfort and encouragement. 2dly, The covenant thren, is a tender and delicate thing, so to speak, he cf grace affords great ground of comfort to the people cannot endure a noisy or clamorous habit. You will of God. David, that famous Old Testament saint, found remember, for it is very remarkable, that when Elijah it so; “ although my house be not so with God, yet he was in the cave, “the Lord passed by, and there was a hath made with me an everlasting covenant,' &c. mighty strong wind; but the Lord was not in the There were a great many disorders in David's family. wind :after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord It was not in that order in which the good man could was not in the earthquake :-after the earthquake a have wished it to be. But from this he took comfort, fire; but the Lord was not in the fire :-after the fire that “ God had made with him an everlasting covenant a still small voice.” And there was the Lord. You ordered in all things, and sure; and this, says he, is all my cannot take a more effectual way to dispossess the salvation, and all my desire.” The covenant of grace is a Holy Spirit of God, and make him depart from you, comfort in life, and a great comfort at death. When than by maintaining a wrathful and revenging spirit, you are standing on the march-stone between time and whereas, a spirit of meekness is highly pleasing and eternity, the covenant of grace will yield great com- delightful unto him. fort unto you.
3dly, The intercession of Christ for The last duty exhorted to is, living peaceably with his people in heaven, gives them great ground of com- all men : “Live in peace.” This is a subject that rafort. As in the fore-cited 8th chapter of the Romans: ther needs application than explication. Therefore, I " Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died,- shall give you some few directions how to perform that yea rather that is risen again, who is even at the right excellent duty of living peaceably with all men. lst, hand of God.” Now, if the apostle had stopped here then, if you would live peaceably with all men, study and said no more, than to have told a poor afflicted, to get and maintain a meek, yielding, and quiet spirit. disconsolate soul, that Christ had died, and was risen This is an excellent way to live peaceably with others, again, and was now exalted to the right hand of God, to have a peaceable temper yourself. But, Oh, how -he might have said, but what is that to me ? Will many are there who are of such a peevish and morose one wbo is so high as the right hand of God take any temper, that it is impossible for any one to live at peace notice of me,-a poor straying sheep in the wilderness with them. Like the salamander, they are never at Ay! but the apostle comes in with his blessed “ also, rest but when they are in the fire of contention. But,
who also maketh intercession for us," and this affords I say, to live peaceably with all men, it is necessary tliat great comfort and encouragement under the greatest you be possessed of a quiet, peaceable temper yourtrials and distresses here. 4thly, What do you think of selves, and if it shall be your unhappiness to meet with the Word of God? It affords great comfort under trials such as it is impossible to live peaceably with, yet, and afflictions !“ Unless the law had been my delight,” suffer it patiently, and comfort yourselves with this says David, “ I had perished in mine affliction. I re- that it will not long be so, for shortly, you shall depart joice at thy word, as one that finds great spoil.” There the stage of this world, and enter into pure and peacenever was a saint in the world, but he found comfort able regions above, where there shall be nothing to disin the word of God.
turb your peace any more. The third duty exhorted to in the text, is unity 2dly, Rather take sometimes wrong to yourselves among the people of God: “Be of one mind.” And in than strife and debate. That famous Old Testament order to press this upon you, I offer a few things to your patriarch, Abraham, is worth noticing here, who has consideration: First, Remember the badge of Christ's set us a noble example in this particular. When his disciples by his own appointment. “By this,” says he, herdsmen and those of his brother, Lot, could not agree, “shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have because of the multitude of their cattle, Abraham says love one to another." The wisdom of the world, which to Lot, “if thou wilt go to the right hand then I will is foolishness, would have thought he would have said, go to the left, or if thou wilt go the left band then I by this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if will go to the right.” He does not stand to dispute his