Documenting Individual Identity: The Development of State Practices in the Modern World, Part 63

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Associate Professor of History Jane Caplan, Jane Caplan, John Torpey, John C. Torpey, Professor of Sociology John Torpey
Princeton University Press, Dec 9, 2001 - History - 415 pages

This book addresses one of the least studied yet most pervasive aspects of modern life--the techniques and mechanisms by which official agencies certify individual identity. From passports and identity cards to labor registration and alien documentation, from fingerprinting to much-debated contemporary issues such as DNA-typing, body surveillance, and the catastrophic results of colonial-era identity documentation in postcolonial Rwanda, Documenting Individual Identity offers the most comprehensive historical overview of this fascinating topic ever published.


The nineteen essays in this volume represent the collaborative effort of historians, sociologists, historians of science, political scientists, economists, and specialists in international relations. Together they cover a period from the emergence of systematic practices of written identification in early modern Europe through to the present day, and a geographic range that includes Europe, the Soviet Union, North and South America, and Africa. While the book is attuned to the nefarious possibilities of states' increasing capacity to identify individuals, it recognizes that these same techniques also certify citizens' eligibility for significant positive rights, such as welfare benefits and voting.


Unprecedented in subject and scope, Documenting Individual Identity promises to shape a whole new field of research that crosses disciplinary boundaries and is of broad public and academic significance. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Valentin Groebner, Gérard Noiriel, Charles Steinwedel, Marc Garcelon, Jon Agar, Martine Kaluszynski, Peter Becker, Anne Joseph, Kristin Ruggiero, Andrea Geselle, Andreas Fahrmeier, Leo Lucassen, Pamela Sankar, David Lyon, Gary Marx, Dita Vogel, and Timothy Longman.

 

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Contents

Describing the Person Reading the Signs in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe Identity Papers Vested Figures and the Limits of Identification 14...
15
The Identification of the Citizen The Birth of Republican Civil Status in France
28
This or That Particular Person Protocols of Identification in NineteenthCentury Europe
49
Making Social Groups One Person at a Time The Identification of Individuals by Estate Religious Confession and Ethnicity in Late Imperial Russia
67
Colonizing the Subject The Genealogy and Legacy of the Soviet Internal Passport
83
Modern Horrors British Identity and Identity Cards
101
IDENTIFICATION PRACTICES AND POLICING
121
Republican Identity Bertillonage as Government Technique
123
Governments and Forgers Passports in NineteenthCentury Europe
218
A ManyHeaded Monster The Evolution of the Passport System in the Netherlands and Germany in the Long Nineteenth Century
235
The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Passport System
256
CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN IDENTIFICATION
271
DNATyping Galtons Eugenic Dream Realized?
273
Under My Skin From Identification Papers to Body Surveillance
291
Identity and Anonymity Some Conceptual Distinctions and Issues for Research
311
Identifying Unauthorized Foreign Workers in the German Labor Market
328

The Standardized Gaze The Standardization of the Search Warrant in NineteenthCentury Germany
139
Anthropometry the Police Expert and the Deptford Murders The Contested Introduction of Fingerprinting for the Identification of Criminals in Late ...
164
Fingerprinting and the Argentine Plan for Universal Identification in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
184
IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL OF MOVEMENT
197
Domenica Saba Takes to the Road Origins and Development of a Modern Passport System in LombardyVeneto
199
Identity Cards Ethnic SelfPerception and Genocide in Rwanda
345
Bibliography
359
Notes on Contributors
397
Index
403
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About the author (2001)

Jane Caplan is Marjorie Walter Goodhart Professor of European History at Bryn Mawr College. Her most recent publications include the collections Written on the Body: The Tattoo in European and American History (Princeton) and Nazism, Fascism, and the Working Class: Essays by Tim Mason. John Torpey is Associate Professor of Sociology and European Studies at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. He is the author of The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State and Intellectuals, Socialism, and Dissent: The East German Opposition and Its Legacy.

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