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List OF ABBREVIATIONS.
acc ..............according. X accus.. ......ad
.adverb.x agri ... .....agriculture. X aig...............algebra.O anat.
.anatomy.o arch .............architecture. X arith.............arithmetic. X astr ..
...compare.x chem ............
.cognate. O comp ....... .. .comparative. conj..............conjunction. O conn..... .connected. X contr ............ contraction. X COTT ............ corr.
.corruption. X demons.........
.Dictionary. X dim.
etymology. fem ...... .feminine. O ig...
.figuratively. O fol ...............followed. X fort.
I freq.............frequentative. X I pass.
. past tense.' geol.. ...geology.x
Pr. Bk.. .......Book of Common X
.present participle X .masculinex prep.... ...... preposition. math.. .mathematics.
pres..............present. mech .. .......,mechanics. X
print ............ printing. med
..medicine. x priv ............. privative. mil..............military.x
prov............. provincial. x
... noun, nouns. sig............... signifying. X
u.t................verb transitive. X paint.. ......... painting.
zool..............zoology. X 'pa.p.............. past participle. X1
Amer............ American. O
.Bavarian. O Bohem...........
.......Bohemian. D Bret.
...Breton, O Celt..
......Celtic. Chal. ....
....Chaldean. O Corn..
...Cornish. O Dan..
...Danish. X Dut.
English. X Finn..........
...Finnish. X Flem....
....French. X' Fris..............Frisian.'
Gael. ......... Gaelic. X
10. Fr ..........
...Old German. .Gothic. X
.. Sanskrit. .Irish. X
.Scandinavian. .. Italian. x
ABOMINATION, ab-om-in-a'shun, n. ex- | ABSENT, abs-ent', v.t. to keep one's self color is an abstract notion, a red rose is treme aversion : anything abominable. away.
a concrete notion : an abstract noun is ABORIGINAL, ab-o-rij'in-al, adj. first, ABSENTEE, abs-ent-e', n. one who lives the name of a quality apart from the primitive. away from his estate or his office.
thing, as redness.-n. summary : abridgABORIGINES, ab-o-rij'in-ēz, n.pl. the ABSENTEEISM, abs-ent-ē'izm, n. the prac ment: essence.-adv. ABS'TRACTLY.-n.
original inhabitants of a country. [L. tice of a land-owner living at a distance ABS'TRACTNESS. [L. abstractus, as if a See ORIGIN.] from his estate.
quality common to a number of things ABORT, ab-ort', v.i. to miscarry in birth. ABSEY-BOOK, ab-sē-book, n. (that is, an were drawn away from the things and
[L. aborior, abortus-ab, orior, to rise abc book) a primer, which sometimes considered by itself.] ab here reverses the meaning.)
included a catechism. “And then comes ABSTRACTED, abs-trakt'ed, adj. absent in ABORTICIDE, a-bort'i-sid, n. in obstetrics, answer like an absey-book."-Shak.
mind.-adv. ABSTRACT'EDLY.-n. ABSthe destruction of a monstrous fetus in ABSINTH, ab'sinth, n. spirit flavored with TRACT'EDNESS. utero.
wormwood. (Fr.-L. absinthium, worm ABSTRACTION, abs-trak'shun, n. act of ABORTION, ab-or'shun, n. premature de wood-Gr.]
abstracting : state of being abstracted. livery: anything that does not reach ABSINTHIC, ab-sin'thic, adj. of or pertain absence of mind : the operation of the maturity.
ing to absinthium or wormwood, or to an mind by which certain qualities or atABORTIVE, ab-ort'iv, adj. born untimely: acid obtained from it.
tributes of an object are considered unsuccessful : producing nothing: ren ABSOLUTE, ab'sol-ūt, adj. free from apart from the rest : a purloining. dering abortive. (Obs.)-adv. ABORT' limits or conditions: complete: unlim- | ABSTRUSE, abs-trõõs', adj. hidden : reIVELY.-N. ABORT'IVENESS.
ited: free from mixture : considered mote from apprehension: difficult to be ABOUND, ab-ownd', v.i. to overflow, be without reference to other things : un understood.-adv. ABSTRUSE'LY.-N. ABS
in great plenty: (with in) to possess in conditioned, unalterable: unrestricted TRUSE'NESS. [L. abstrusus, thrust away plenty. L. abundo, to overflow as a by constitutional checks (said of a gov (from observation)-trudo, trusum, to river, from unda, a wave.
ernment): (gram.) not immediately de thrust.) ABOUT, a-bowt', prep. round on the out pendent.-adv. AB'SOLUTELY.-n. AB'SOL- | | ABSURD, ab-surd', adj. obviously unrea
side : around: here and there in : near UTENESS. [L. absolutus, pa.p. of absolvo. sonable or false.—adv. ABSURD'LY. (L. to: concerning: engaged in. — adv. See ABSOLVE.)
absurdus—ab, from, surdus, harsh-soundaround: nearly: here and there. — ABSOLUTION, ab-sol-ū'shun, n. release ing, deaf.) BRING ABOUT, to cause to take place. - from punishment: acquittal : remission | ABSURDITY, ab-surd'i-ti, ABSURDNESS, COME ABOUT, to take place.-GO ABOUT, of sins by a priest.
ab-surd'nes, n., the quality of being ab to prepare to do. [A.S. abutan-a, on, ABSOLUTISM, ab'sol-ût-izm, n. a govern surd : anything absurd. be, by, utan, outside.)
ment where the ruler is without restric- ABUNDANCE, ab-und'ans, n. ample suffABOVE, a-buv', prep., on the up side : tion.
ciency: great plenty. (See ABOUND.] higher than : more than.-adv. over- ABSOLUTIST, ab'sõl-ūt-ist, adj. of or per- ABUNDANT, ab-und'ant, adj. plentiful.head : in a higher position, order, or taining to absolutism: despotic. "All adv. ABUND'ANTLY. power.-ABOVE ONE'S BEND, out of one's these things were odious to the old gov ABUSE, ab-ūz', v.t. to use wrongly: to power : beyond reach. (Amer.) [A.S. erning classes of France; their spirit was pervert: to revile: to violate. [L. ab, abufan-a, ou, be, by, ufan, high, up absolutist, ecclesiastical, and military." away (from what is right), utor, usus, wards, which is an adv. formed from uf John Morley.
to use.) =up.]
ABSOLVE, ab-zolv', v.t., to loose or set ABUSE, ab-ūs', n. ill use : misapplication : ABOVE-BOARD, a-buv'-bord, adj. above free: to pardon : to acquit; also, to fin reproach. the board or table : open.
ish : accomplish. (Obs.) [L. ab, from, ABUSIVE, ab-üs'iv, adj., containing or ABRADE, ab-rād', v.t., to scrape or rub solvo, solutum, to loose. See SOLVE.] practicing abuse.—adv. ABUS'IVELY.-n.
off. L. ab, off, rado, rasum, to scrape.] ABSORB, ab-sorb', v.t., to suck in: to ABUS'IVENESS. ABRASION, ab-rā'zhun, n. the act of rub swallow up: to engage wholly. [L. ab, ABUT, a-but', v.i. to end : to border (on): bing off. from, sorbeo, sorptum, to suck in.)
- pr.p. abutt'ing; pa.p. abutt'ed. [Fr. ABREAST, a-brest', adv. with the breasts ABSORBABLE, ab-sorb'a-bl, adj. that may aboutir, froin bout, the end of anything. in a line: side by side : (naut.) opposite be absorbed.-n. ABSORBABIL'ITY.
See BUTT, the end. to. sa, on, and BREAST.]
ABSORBENT, ab-sorb'ent, adj. imbibing : ABUTMENT, a-but'ment, n. that which ABRIDGE, a-brij', v.t. to make brief or swallowing.-n. that which absorbs.
abuts : (arch.) what a limb of an arch short: to shorten : to epitomize. [Fr. ABSORPTION, ab-sorp'shun, n. the act of ends or rests on. abréger-L. abbreviare. See ABBRĒVI absorbing : entire occupation of mind. ABYSM, a-bizm', n, a form of ABYSS. fo. ATE.
ABSORPTIVE, ab-sorpt'iv, adj. having Fr. abysme, from Lat. abyssimus, super. ABRIDGMENT, a-brij'ment, n. contrac power to absorb.
of abyssus, bottomless.] tion: summary,
ABSQUATULATE, ab-squat'u-lāt, v.i. to ABYSMAL, a-bizm'al, adj. bottomless : unABROAD, a-brawd', adv. on the broad or run away, especially in disgrace, as from ending. open space: out of doors : in another debt. (Amer.)
ABYSS, a-bis', n. a bottomless gulf : a deep country.
ABSTAIN, abs-tān', v.i. to hold or refrain mass of water. [Gr. abyssos, bottomless ABROGATE, ab'ro-gāt, v.t. to repeal (a from : also, v.t. to hinder : to obstruct: -a, without, byssos, bottom.]
law). [L. ab, away, rogo, -atum, to ask; to debar: to cause to keep away from. ACACIA, a-kā'shi-a, n. a genus of thorny because when a law was proposed the “ Abstain men from marrying."--Mil leguminous plants with pinnate leaves. people were “asked” ito sanction or re ton. [Fr. abstenir-L. abs, from, teneo, L.-Gr. akakia-akē, a short point.) ject it).]
to hold. See TENABLE.]
ACADEMIC, ak-a-dem'ik, n. a Platonic ABROGATION, ab'ro-gā'shun, n. act of ABSTEMIOUS, abs-tēm'i-us, adj. temper philosopher : a student in a college, repealing.
ate: sparing in food, drink, or enjoy ACADEMICISM, ak-a-dem'i-sizm, n. the ABROGATIVE, ab-ro'ga-tiv, adj. tending ments.-adv. ABSTEM'IOUSLY.-n. ABS system or mode of teaching at an acad
to abrogate : capable of abrogating or TEM'IOUSNESS. [L. abstemius-abs, from, emy: an academical mannerism, as of annulling. temetum, strong wine.]
painting. ACADEMICS, ak-a-dem'iks, n. ABRUPT, ab-rupt', adj. the opposite of | ABSTENTION, abs-ten'shun, n. a refrain the Platonic philosophy : Platonism. gradual, as if broken off : sudden : unex ing.
See ACADEMY.] pected.-n, an abrupt place.-adv. AB ABSTERGENT, abs-terj'ent, adj. serving ACADEMIC, -AL, ak-a-dem'ik-al, adj. of RUPT'LY.-n. ABRUPT'NESS. [L. abrup to cleanse.
an academy.-adv. ACADEM'ICALLY. tus-ab, off, rumpo, ruptum, to break.] ABSTERSION, abs-ter'shun, n. act of | ACADEMICIAN, ak-ad-em-ish'yan, n. ABSCESS, ab'ses, n. a collection of puru cleansing by lotions. [L. abstergeo, member of an academy. lent matter within some tissue of the -tersum, to wipe away.]
ACADEMY, ak-ad'em-i, n. (orig.) the body. [L. abscessus-abs, away, cedo, ABSTINENCE, "abs'tin-ens, n. an abstain school of Plato: a higher school : a so cessum, to go, to retreat.]
ing or refraining, especially from some ciety for the promotion of science or art ABSCOND, abs-kond', v.i, (lit.) to hide indulgence.
[Gr. Akadēmia, the name of the garden one's self : to quit the country in order ABSTINENT, abs'tin-ent, adj. abstaining near Athens where Plato taught.] to escape a legal process. [L. abs, from from: temperate. (See ABSTAIN.]
ACANTHUS, a-kan'thus, n. a prickly or away, condo, to hide.]
ABSTRACT, abs-trakt', v.t., to draw away: plant, called bear's breech or brankurABSENCE, abs'ens, n. the being away or to separate : to purloin. [L. abs, away sine : (arch.) an ornament resembling its not present: want : inattention.
from, traho, tractum, to draw. See leaves used in the capitals of the CorinABSENT, abs'ent, adj., being away: not TRACE.)
thian and Composite orders. [L.-Gr. present : inattentive. [L. abs, away | ABSTRACT, abs'trakt, adj. general, as op akanthos-akē, à point, anthos, a flower from, ens, entis, being-sum, esse, to be. posed to particular or individual : the -the prickly plant.) See ENTITY.]
opposite of abstract is concrete : a red | ACCAD, ak'ad, n. 1, a member of one of the ACCADIAN
primitive races of Babylonia: one of the | ACCIDENCE, aksid-ens, n. the part of | ACCORDANCE, ak-kord'ans, n. agree dominant race at the time to which | grammar treating of the inflections of ment: conformity. the earliest contemporaneous records words (because these changes are “acci- ACCORDANT, ak-kord'ant, adj. agreeing : reach back. This race is believed to dentals" of words and not * essentials "). corresponding. have belonged to the Turanian family, ACCIDENT, ak'sid-ent, n, that which hap ACCORDING, ak-kord'ing, p.adj. in acor to have been at any rate non-Semitic. pens : an unforeseen or unexpected event: cordance : agreeing.-ACCORDING AS, an Also written AKKAD. “The Accadi, or chance: an unessential quality or prop adverbial phrase=in proportion.--ACAccads, were the Highlanders' who had erty. [L. accido, to fall to, to happen CORDING TO, a prepositional phrase=in descended from the mountainous region ad, to, cado, to fall.]
accordance with or agreeably to. of Elam on the east, and it was to them | ACCIDENTAL, ak-sid-ent'al, adj. happen- | ACCORDINGLY, ak-kord'ing-li, adv. in that the Assyrians ascribed the origin of ing by chance : not essential.-n. any. agreement (with what precedes). Chaldean civilization and writing."-A. thing not essential.- adv.ACCIDENT'ALLY. ACCORDION, ak-kord'ion, n. a small keyed H. Sayce. 2, the language of this race: ACCIPITRAL, ak-sip'i-tral, adj. of or per-|| musical instrument with bellows. [From Accadian.
taining to the Accipitres or birds of prey : ACCORD.) ACCADIAN, ak-kā'di-an, adj. belonging to having the character of a bird of prey. | ACCOST, ak-kost', v.t. to speak first to :
the Accads or primitive inhabitants of “Of temper most accipitral, hawkish, to address. [Fr. accoster-L. ad, to,
Babylonia. Also written AKKADIAN. aquiline, not to say vulturish."-Carlyle. costa, a side.]
2, the language of the Accads, a non klam-ā'shun, n. a shout of applause. [L. access : affable.
livery in child-bed. (Fr. d, and couche, to the later and better known Semitic ACCLAMATOR, ak-kla-mā'ter, n. one who a bed. See Couch.) dialect of the cuneiform inscriptions. A expresses joy or applause by acclamation. ACCOUCHEUR, ak-köö-sher', n. a man kindred dialect, the Sumarian, seems to “ Acclamators who had filled ... the air who assists women in childbirth.-fem. have been in use at the same time in with · Vive le Roy.'”—Evelyn.
ACCOUCHEUSE, ak-kõõ-shez'. (Fr.) Babylonia.
ACCLAMATORY, ak-klam'a-tor-i, adj. ex ACCOUNT, ak-kownt', v.t. to reckon : to ACCEDE, ak-sēd', v.i. to agree or assent. pressing acclamation.
judge, value.—v.i. (with for) to give a [L. accedo, accessum, to go near to-ad, ACCLIMATE ak-klīm'āt, ACCLIMATIZE, reason. [O. Fr. accomter-L. ad, to, to, cedo, to go. See CEDE.]
ak-klīm'at-iz, v.t. to inure to a foreign computare, to reckon. See COMPUTE, ACCELERATË, ak-sel'er-āt, v.t. to increase climate. [Fr. acclimater, from à and COUNT.) the speed of: to hasten the progress of. climat. See CLIMATE.]
ACCOUNT, ak-kownt', n. a counting : [L. accelero, -atum-ad, to, celer, swift. ACCLIMATION, ak-klim-ā'shun, ACCLIM statement: value: sake. See CELERITY.]
ATATION, ak-klim-at-a'shun, ACCLIM-| ACCOUNTABLE, ak-kownt'a-bl, adj. liaACCELERATION, ak-sel-er-a'shun, n. the ATIZATION, ak-klim-at-i-za'shun, n. the ble to account : responsible.-adv. ACact of hastening: increase of speed.
act of acclimatizing: the state of being
ng. the state of being COUNT ABLY, ACCELERATIVE, ak-sel'er-at-iv, adj. acclimatized. The first form of the
ACCOUNTABLENESS, ak-kownt'a-bl-nes, quickening.
word is anomalous, the second is that ACCOUNTABILITY, ak-kownt-a-bil'i-ti, ACCENT, ak'sent, n. modulation of the used in French, and the third is that n. liability to give account. voice : stress on a syllable or word : a most in use in English.]
ACCOUNTANT, ak-kownt'ant, n. one who mark used to direct this stress : in | ACCLIVITY, ak-kliv'i-ti, n. a slope up keeps or is skilled in accounts. poetry, language, words, or expressions wards, opp. to DECLIVITY, a slope down ACCOUNTANTSHIP, ak-kownt'ant-ship, in general. [L. accentus, a tone or note wards. L. ad, to, clivus, a slope, from
n. the employment of an accountant. -ad, to, cano, to sing.1 root of clino, to slope. 1
ACCOUTRE, ak-kõõ'ter, v.t. to dress or ACCENT, ak-sent', v.t. to express or note | ACCOLADE, ak-ol-ad, n. blow over the equip (esp. a warrior) :-pr.p. accou'the accent.
neck or shoulder with a sword, given in tring; pa.p. accou'tred. [Fr. accoutrer ACCENTUAL, ak-sent'ū-al, adj. relating conferring knighthood. (Fr.-L. ad, to, -of doubtful origin.] to accent.
collum, neck. 1°
ACCOUTREMENTS,ak-kõo'ter-ments,n.pl. ACCENTUATE, ak-sent'ü-at, v.t. to mark ACCOMMODATE, ak-kom'mod-āt, v.t. to dress : military equipments. or pronounce with accent: to make | adapt: to make suitable: to supply: to ACCREDIT, ak-kredit, v.t. to give credit, prominent: to lay stress upon : to em adjust. [L. ad, to, commodus, fitting. authority, or honor to. [Fr. accréditer phasize: to give prominence to: to mark See COMMODIOUS.)
-L. ad, to, credo, -itum, to trust. See as of importance; as, he accentuated the ACCOMMODATING, ak-kom'mod-at-ing, CREDIT.] views of the party on this question. p.adj. affording accommodation : oblig. | ACCREMENTITIAL, ak-krē-men-ti'shal, ACCENTUATION, ak-sent-ū-a'shun, n. the
adj. in physiol. of or pertaining to the act of placing or of pronouncing accents. ACCOMMODATION, ak-kom-mod-ā'shun, process of accrementition. ACCEPT, ak-sept', v.t. to receive : to agree n. convenience : fitness : adjustment: á ACCREMENTITION, ak-krē-men-ti'shon, to: to promise to pay: (B.) to receive loan of money.
n. in physiol. the process of producing with favor. [L. accipio, acceptum-ad, ACCOMMODATIVE,ak-kom'mod-āt-iv,adj. or developing a new individual by the to, capio, to take.
furnisbing accommodation : obliging. growth, extension, and separation of a ACCEPTABLE, ak-sept'a-bl, adj., to be ACCOMPANIMENT,ak-kum'pan-i-ment,n. part of the parent: gemmation.
accepted : pleasing: agreeable. adv. that which accompanies : instrumental ACCRESCENCE, ak-kres'ens, n. gradual ACCEPTABLY. music along with a song
growth or increase. ACCEPTABLENESS, ak-sept'a-bl-nes, AC ACCOMPANIST, ak-kum'pan-ist, n. one
ACCRESCENT, ak-kres'ent, adj., growing: CEPTABILITY, ak-sept-a-billi-ti n., who accompanies a singer on an instru increasing. [L. ad, in addition, cresco, to quality of being acceptable. ment.
grow.] ACCEPTANCE, ak-sept'ans, n. a favorable ACCOMPANY, ak-kum'pan-i, v.t. to keep | ACCRETION, ak-krē'shun, n. a growing
reception : an agreeing to terms: an company with : to attend. [Fr. accom to: increase. accepted bill.
pagner. See COMPANY.)
ACCRUE, ak-krõõ', v.i. to spring, come. ACCEPTATION, ak-sept-a'shun, n. a kind ACCOMPLICE, ak-kom'plis, n. an asso [Fr. accroître, pa.p. accru-L. ad, to, reception : the meaning of a word.
ciate, esp. in crime. [L. ad, to, complex, cresco, to grow.) ACCEPTER, ak-sept'er, "ACCEPTOR, ak -icis, joined.]
ACCUMBENT, ak-kumb'ent, adj., lying sept'ur, n. one who accepts.
ACCOMPLISH, ak-kom'plish, v.t. to com down or reclining on a couch. [L. ad, ACCESS, ak-ses', or akses, n. liberty to plete: to effect: to fulfill: to equip. [Fr. to, cumbo, to lie.
come to, approach : increase. [See Ac accomplir-L. ad, to, compleo, -plere, to ACCUMULATE, ak-küm'ül-āt, v.t., to heap CEDE. fill up. See COMPLETE.)
or pile up: to amass.-v.i. to increase ACCESSARY, ak'ses-ar-i. Same as ACCES ACCOMPLISHABLE, ak-kom'plish-a-bl, greatly. [L.-ad, to, cumulus, a heap.]
adj. that may be accomplished.
ACCUMULATION, ak-kūm-ūl-a'shun n. a ACCESSIBLE, ak-ses'i-bl, adj., that may be ACCOMPLISHED, ak-kom'plisht, adj. heaping up: a heap, mass, or pile.
approached.-adv. ACCESS'IBLY.-n. Ao complete in acquirements: especially ACCUMULATIVE, ak-küm'ül-at-iv, adj. CESSIBIL'ITY. graceful acquirements : polished.
heaping up. ACCESSION, ak-sesh'un, n., a coming to: ACCOMPLISHMENT, ak-kom'plish-ment, ACCUMULATOR, ak-küm'ül-āt-ur, n, one increase.
n. completion: ornamental acquirement. who accumulates : in elect. same as ACCESSORY, akses-or-i, adj. additional : ACCORD, ak-kord', v.i. to agree : to be in Condenser. The name is now especially
contributing to: aiding.- 1. anything ad correspondence. -v.t. to grant. [Fr. ac applied to a kind of battery devised by ditional: one who aids or gives counte corder-L. ad, to, cor, cordis, the heart.] M. Camille Faure, by means of which nance to a crime.-adj. ACCESSOR'IAL, ACCORD, ak-kord', n. agreement: har electric energy can be stored and renrelating to an accessory.
mony: (with own) spontaneous motion. I dered portable. Each battery forms a