Page images
PDF

EXTORT

151

EX VOTO

that is an extortion.

ing.

cors. (L. extorqueo, extortum-ex, and contingently and therefore extralogical of the extreme terms of a syllogism, torqueo, to turn, to twist. See TORTURE.) | ly.Sir W. Hamilton.

that is, the predicate and subject-thus, EXTORT, eks-tort', v.i, to practice extor EXTRA-MUNDANE, eks'tra-mun'dān, adj. “Man is an animal ; Peter is a man,

tion. “To whom they never gave any beyond the material world. (EXTRA and therefore Peter is an animal ;” the word penny of entertainment, but let them MUNDANE.)

animal is the greater extreme, Peter the feed upon the countries, and extort upon EXTRA - MÚRAL, eks'tra - mū'ral, adj. less extreme, and man the medium : in

all men where they came." — Spenser. without or beyond the walls. (EXTRA math, either of the first and last ternis EXTORTER, eks-tort'er, n. one who ex and MURAL.]

of a proportion ; as, when three magni. torts or practices extortion.

EXTRANEOUS, eks-trân'yus, adj. exter tudes are proportional the rectangle conEXTORTION, eks-tor'shun, n. the act of nal: foreign : not belonging to or de tained by the extremes is equal to the :

extorting ; the act or practice of wrest pendent on a thing : not essential.-adv. square of the mean.-THE EXTREMES OF ing anything from a person by force, EXTRAN'EOUSLY. [L. extraneus, from AN INTERVAL, in music, the two sounds duress, menaces, authority, or by any extra. See EXTRA.

most distant from each other.-IN THE undue exercise of power ; oppressive or | EXTRAORDINARIES, eks-tror'di-nar-iz, n. EXTREME, in the highest degree. illegal exaction; illegal compulsion to pl. things that exceed the usual order, EXTREMITY, eks-trem'i-ti, n. the utmost pay money or to do some other act; kind, or method.

limit, point, or portion : the highest dei Oppression and extortion did extin EXTRAORDINARY, eks-tror' di-nar-i, adj.,

gree : greatest necessity, emergency, or guish the greatness of that house." beyond ordinary: not usual or regular: distress. [Fr. extrémité-L. extremitas.] Sir J. Davies: that which is extorted ; wonderful : special.-adv. EXTRAOR'DI

EXTRICATE, eks'tri-kāt, v.t. to free from a gross overcharge; as ten dollars for NARILY. EXTRA and ORDINARY.] EXTRAVAGANCE, eks-trav'a-gans, n. ir

hinderances or perplexities: to disen

tangle: to emit. -adj. Ex'TRICABLE. (L. EXTORTIONATE, eks - tor'shun - āt, adj. regularity: excess : lavish expenditure.

extrico, extricatus-ex, out, tricce, trifles, oppressive. EXTRAVAGANT, eks-trava-gant, adj.,

hinderances.] EXTORTIONER, eks-tor'shun-er, n. one wandering beyond bounds : irregular :

EXTRICATION, eks-tri-kā'shun, n. disenwho practices extortion. unrestrained : excessive: profuse in ex

tanglement: act of sending out or evolvEXTRA, eks'tra, adj., beyond or more than penses : wasteful. --adv. EXTRAV'AGANTis necessary: extraordinary: additional. LY. [L. extra, beyond, and vagans,

EXTRINSIC, eks-trin'sik, EXTRINSICAL, [L. extra, beyond, outside of, contracted -antis, pr.p. of vagor, to wander.]

eks-trin'sik-al, adj. on the outside or outfrom extera-exter-ex, out, and root | EXTRAVAGANZA, eks-trav-a-gan'za,

ward : external: not contained in or betar, to cross. an extravagant or wild and irregular

longing to a body : foreign : not essential: EXTRACT, eks-trakt', v.t. to draw out by piece of music. [It.)

-opposed to INTRINSIC.-adv. EXTRIN'SICforce or otherwise : to choose out or se EŠTRAVASATE, eks-trava-sāt, v.t. to

ALLY. [Fr.-L. extrinsecus-exter, outlect: to find out : to distil. — adj. Ex let out of the proper vessels, as blood. [L.

ward, and secus, from the same root as TRACT'IBLE. (L. extraho, extractusmex, extra, out of, and vas, a vessel. out, and traho, to draw.] EXTREME, eks-trēm', adj. outermost; ut

sequor, to follow.)

EXTRUDE, eks-trõõd', v.t. to force or urge EXTRACT, ekstrakt, n. anything drawn

most ; furthest; at the utmost point,

edge, or border ; as, the extreme verge from a substance by heat, distillation,

out: to expel : to drive off. [L. extrudo,

extrusus-ex, out, and trudo, to thrust. etc., as an essence : a passage taken from

or point of a thing; “ The extremest

EXTRUSION, eks-trõo'zhun, n. act of exa book or writing. shore."-Southey: worst or best that can

truding, thrusting or throwing out: ex

exist or be supposed; greatest ; most EXTRACTION, eks-trak'shun, n. act of extracting or drawing out: derivation from violent or urgent; utmost; as, extreme

pulsion.

EXUBERANCE, eks-ū'ber-ans, EXUBERa stock or family: birth : lineage: that

pain, grief or suffering; extreme joy or
pleasure ; an extreme case : last; beyond

ANCY, eks-ū'ber-an-si, n. an overflowing which is extracted. EXTRACTIVE, eks-trakt'iv, adj. tending or

which there is none; as, the extreme

quantity : richness : superfluousness. hour of life : carrying principles to the

EXUBERANT, eks-ū'ber-ant, adj. plenteserving to extract.-n. an extract.

ous:

uttermost ; holding the strongest possiEXTRACTOR, eks-trakt'er, n. he who or

overflowing: superfluous.-adv.

EXU'BERANTLY. (L. exuberans, pr.p. of that which extracts : in surg. a forceps

ble views; ultra; “The Puritans or ex-
treme Protestants.”-Gladstone : in mu-

exuberomex, intensive, and uber, rich, or instrument used in lithotomy and midwifery, and in extracting teeth: a

abundant.)
sic, superfluous or augmented; thus, the
extreme sharp sixth is the augmented

EXUDATION, eks-ū-dā'shun, n. act of exhydro-extractor : in the English Court of

uding or discharging through pores: the sixth.-EXTREME UNCTION, in the Roman Session, the official person by whom the extract of a decree or other judicial pro

ritual, the anointing of a sick person sweat, etc., exuded.

EXUDE, eks-ūd', v.t. to discharge by ceeding is prepared and authenticated.

with oil when decrepit with age or af

fected with some mortal disease, and screating : to discharge through pores or EXTRADITE, eks'tra-dīt, v.t. to deliver or

usually just before death. It is applied incisions, as sweat, moisture, etc.-v.i. give up, as by one nation to another : as, to the eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, hands,

to flow out of a body through the pores. to extradite a criminal. (See EXTRADI

and feet of penitents, and is supposed to (L. ex, out, sudo, to sweat.] TION.]

represent the grace of God poured into

| EXULT, egz-ult', v.i. to rejoice exceedingEXTRADITION, eks - tra-di'shun, n. de

the soul.--EXTREME AND MEAN RATIO, in ly: to triumph.-adv. EXULT'INGLY. [L. livery by one nation to another, particu

geom. the ratio where a line is so di

| exsulto, from exsilio-ex, out or up, and larly of fugitives from justice, in pursu

vided that the whole line is to the

| salio, to leap.] ance of a treaty between the nations

greater segment as that segment is to

EXULTANT, egz-ult'ant, adj., exulting: called an extradition treaty, by which

the less, or where a line is so divided that I triumphant. [L. exsultans.] either nation becomes bound to give up

the rectangle under the whole line and

EXULTATION,egz-ul-tā'shun, n. lively joy the criminal refugees. [Fr.-L. ex, and

the lesser segment is equal to the square at any advantage gained : rapturous detraditio, a giving up, surrender, from

of the greater segment. [Fr. extrême; light: transport. [L. exsultatio.] trado, traditum, to give or deliver up.)

L. extremus, superl. of exter or exterus, EXUVIABLE, egz-ū'vi-a-bl, adj. that may EXTRA-JUDICIAL, eks'tra - jõo - dish'al,

on the outside of, outward, from ex, out.] be cast or thrown off, as the skeletons of adj., out of the proper court, or beyond

EXTREME, eks-trēm', n. the utmost point articulated animals. (See EXUVIÆ.] the usual course of legal proceeding.

or verge of a thing; that part which EXUVIÆ, egz-ü'vi-ē, n.pl.cast skins,shells, [EXTRA and JUDICIÅL.]

terminates a body ; extremity; “Be or coverings of animals : any parts of EXTRALIMITARY, eks-tra-lim'i-ta-ri, adj.

tween the extremes of both promonto animals which are shed or cast off, as the being beyond the limit or bounds : as ries.”Dampier : utmost point ; utmost skins of serpents and caterpillars, the extralimitary land. [L. extra and E. limit or degree that can be supposed or shells of lobsters, etc. [L., from exuo, to LIMIT.]

tolerated; either of two states or feel put or draw off, to strip.] EXTRALOGICAL, eks-tra-loj'ik-al, adj. ings as different from each other as EXUVIAL, egz-ü'vi-al, adj. relating to or

lying out of or beyond the province of possible ; furthest degree; as, the ex containing exuviæ. logic. “This distinction proceeds on a tremes of heat and cold ; the extremes of EXUVIATION, egz-ū-vi-ā'shun, n. in zool. material, consequently on an extra-logi virtue and vice ; avoid extremes;

the rejection or casting off of some pact, cal difference.”-Sir W. Hamilton. [Pix.

His flaw'd heart, ..

as the deciduous teeth, the skin of serextra, and LOGICAL (which see).]

"Twixt two extremes of passion, joy and grief, pents, the shells of crustaceans, and the EXTRALOGICALLY, eks-tra-loj'ik-al-li,

Burst smilingly.--Shak.

fike. (See EXUVIÆ.)

Thus each extreme to equal danger tends, adv. in an extralogical manper: without

Plenty as well as want can separate friends.

EX VOTO, eks võ'to, in consequence of, or the application of logic. “Though a uni

-Cowey : according to, a vow : applied to votive versal quantification of the predicate in extreme suffering, misery, or distress ; offerings, as of a picture for a chapel, etc., affirmatives has been frequently recog extremity; “Tending to some relief of common in Roman Catholic countries. nized, this was by logicians recognized our extremes."-Milton : in logic, either! [L.]

EYALET

152

FACTION

EYALET, 'a-let, n. a division of the Turk conducted military operations against means of which bones are articulated

ish empire. [From an Arab. word sig. Hannibal, by declining to risk a battle (Fr. facette, dim. of face.] government. VILAYET is a doublet.)

in the open field, but harassing the en- | FACETIÆ, fa-sē'shi-ē, n.pl., witty or huEYE, i, n. the organ of sight or vision, more emy by marches, countermarches and morous sayings or writings. (L.-facetus,

correctly the globe or movable part of it : ambuscades. “Met by the Fabian tac merry, witty. the power of seeing : sight: regard: aim; tics, which proved fatal to its predeces FACETIOUS, fa-sē'shus, adj. witty, humorkeenness of perception : anything resem sors."-London Times.

ous, jocose.-adv. FACE'TIOUSLY.-n. FAbling an eye, as the hole of a needle, loop | FABLE, fā'bl, n. a feigned story or tale in CE'TIOUSNESS. (Fr., from L. facetiæ.] or ring for a hook, etc.-v.t. to look on : tended to instruct or amuse: the plot or FACIAL, fā'shi-al, adj. pertaining to the to observe narrowly:-pr.p. ey'ing or eye'. series of events in an epic or dramatic face; as, the facial artery, vein, or nerveing; pa.p. eyed' (id). -n. EYE-SHOT, the

poem: fiction : a falsehood. -v.t. to FACIAL ANGLE, in anat. the angle formed reach or range of sight of the eye. [A.S. feign : to invent. [Fr. fable-L. fabula, by the plane of the face with a certain eage; Goth. augo; Ger. auge; Slav. oko; from fari, to speak.)

other plane. The facial angle of Camallied to Gr. okos, osse, the two eyes, con FABRIC, fab'rik or fā'brik, n., workman per is contained by a line drawn horizonnected with Ossomai, to see ; L. oculus,

ship: texture : anything framed by art tally from the middle of the external Sans, aksha.

and labor : building: manufactured cloth: entrance of the ear to the edge of the EYEBALL, I'bawl, n. the ball, globe, or ap

any system of connected parts. (Fr. nostrils, and another from this latter ple of the eye. L. fabrica-faber, a worker in hard ma

point to the superciliary ridge of the EYEBRIGHT, i'brīt, n. a beautiful little

terials-facio to make.]

frontal bone. Owen and others measure plant of the genus Euphrasia, formerly FABRICATE, fab'ri-kāt, v.t. to put to

the facial angle by the face, or the most used as a remedy for diseases of the eye. EYEBROW, I'brow, n. the brow or hairy

prominent parts of the forehead and gether by art and labor : to manufact

upper jaw, and a line drawn from the ocarch above the eye.

ure : to produce : to devise falsely.-n. EYELASH, n. i'lash, the line of hairs that

FAB'RICATOR.

cipital condyle along the floor of the nos

(L. fabrico, fabricatus, edges the eyelid. (EYE and LASH.] from fabrica. See FABRIC.)

trils. It has been sometimes stated that

the more acute this angle the less will EYELESS, i'les, adj. without eves or sight. | FABRICATION, fab-ri-kā'shun, n. con

the intellectual faculties of the individEYELET, i'let, EYELET-HOLE, i'let-hõl, struction : manufacture : that which is

ual be developed, but as a test for this n. a small eye or hole to receive a lace or fabricated or invented : a story: a false

purpose it is fallacious, though it is of cord, as in garments, sails, etc. (Fr. hood.

some value as a character in comparing cillet, dim. Qil, an eye.] FABULIZE, fab'ū-liz, v.t. to write fables,

the different races of mankind.-FACIAL EYELID, i'lid, n. the cover of the eye: that or to speak in fables. FABULIST, fab'ü-list, n. one who invents

NERVE, the portio dura of the seventh portion of movable skin with which an

pair of nerves, arising from the upper animal covers the eyeball or uncovers it fables.

part of the respiratory tract, supplying at pleasure; it serves the purpose of FABULOUS, fa'bū-lus, adj. feigned as a

the facial muscles, and known as the protecting, wiping and cleansing the ball story ; devised ; fictitious; invented ; not of the eye, as well as moistening it by real; exceeding the bounds of proba

nerve of expression.-FACIAL VEIN, a vein

which receives the vessels of the head spreading the lachrymal fluid over its

bility or reason; as, a fabulous story; a surface. fabulous description; a fabulous hero;

and forehead, and crosses the face from

the root of the nose outward. [L. facies,

the fabulous exploits of Hercules : that EYE-SERVICE, 1'-ser'vis, n., service per

face.] formed only under the eye or inspection

can hardly be received as truth; incredi

FACILE, fas'il, adj., easily persuaded : of an employer. ble; as, the picture was sold at a fabu

yielding : easy of access : courteous : EYESIGHT, i'sīt, n. power of seeing: view: lous price; “ He found that the waste of

easy. (Fr., from L. facilis, that may be observation. the servants' hall was almost fabulous."

done, easy, from facio, to do.]

-Macaulay.-The fabulous age of a counEYESORE, i'sõr, n. anything that is sore or

FACILITATE, fa-sil'i-tāt, v.t. to make

try is that period in its early history of offensive to the eye. EYESTONE, I'ston, n. a small calcareous

easy: to lessen difficulty. which the accounts are mostly mythical body, the operculum of small Turbinidæ, or legendary, recording chiefly the fabu

FACILITY, fa-sil'i-ti, n. quality of being used for removing substances from be lous achievements of heroes; as, the

facile or easily done : dexterity: easiness tween the lid and ball of the eye. Being fabulous age of Greece and Rome.

to be persuaded : pliancy: easiness of put into the inner corner of the eye, it FAÇADE, fa-sād', n. the face or front of a

access : affability: - pl. FACILITIES, works its way out at the outer corner, building. (Fr., from It. facciata, the

means that render anything easy to be bringing with it any foreign substance. front of a building, faccia, the face-L.

done. (Fr.-L. facilitas.) EYESTRING, I'string, n. the tendon by facies. See FACE.

FACING, fās'ing, n. a covering in front for which the eye is moved. FĂCE, fās, n. the visible forepart of the

ornament or protection.

FAC-SIMILE, fak-sim'i-le, n. an exact I would have broke my eye-strings; crack'd them, but head : the outside make or appearance : To look upou him.-Shak.

front: cast of features : look: boldness :

copy. [L. fac, contr. of factum, madeEYETOOTH, i'tooth, n. a tooth in the upper presence: (B.) anger or favor: a term

facio, to make, and similis, like.] jaw next the grinders, with a long fang applied in various technical meanings;

FACT, fakt, n. a deed or anything done: pointing towards the eye. as, the dial of a clock, watch, compass

anything that comes to pass : reality : EYE-WITNESS, 1'-wit'nes, n. one who sees card, or other indicator, the sole of a truth : the assertion of a thing done. a thing done. plane, the flat portion of a hammer head

[L. factum, from facio, to make.] EYRE, år, n. a journey or circuit; a court which comes in contact with the object FACTION, fak'shun, n. a party, in politics,

of itinerant justices : justices in eyre struck, the edge of a cutting instrument, combined or acting in union, in opposiformerly corresponded to the present the surface of a printing type that im tion to the state, government, or prince: English justices of assize. [O. Fr. eire, presses the characters. Fr. face-L. usually applied to a minority, but it may journey, from L. iter, a way, a journey facies, form, face-facio, to make, akin be applied to a majority ; a party proeo, itum, to go.] to Gr. phaino, to cause to appear.

moting discord or unscrupulously proEYRY, EYRIE, AERIE, ē're or ā're, n. a FACE, fãs, v.t. to meet in the face or in moting their private ends at the expense

place where birds of prey construct their front: to stand opposite to: to resist : to of the public good ; “Not swaying to nests and hatch their eggs : a brood of put an additional face or surface on : to this faction or to that.”Tennyson ; eagles or bawks. (Fr. aire, from Ger. cover in front.-v.i. to turn the face.

“When a party abandons public and aar, an eagle; cog. with Ice. ari, an FACECLOTH, fās'kloth, n. a cloth laid general ends, and devotes itself only to eagle.) over the face of a corpse.

the personal interests of its members and FACE-HAMMER, fās'-ham-mer, n, a ham leaders, it is called a faction, and its mer having a flat face as distinguished policy is said to be factious."—Sir G. C.

from one having pointed or edged peens. Lewis ; “A feeble government produces FACE-PLAN, fās'-plan, n. a plan or draw more factions than an oppressive one."

ing of the principal or front elevation of - Ames : tumult; discord; dissension; FABACEÆ, fa-bā'sē-ē, n.pl. a name pro a building:

“They remained at Newbury in great posed by Lindley for the nat. order FACET, fas'et, FACETTE, fa-set', n. a lit faction among themselves.”_ Lord ClarLeguminosæ.

tle face; a small surface; as, the facets endon : in Rom. antiq, one of the four FABACEOUS, fa-bā'shus, adj. having the of a diamond ; “A gem of fifty facets." classes, distinguished by special colors, nature of a bean: like a bean. (Low. -Tennyson : in arch. a flat projection into which the combatants in the circus

L. fabaceus, from L. faba, a bean.) between the flutings of columns : in were divided ; there were the green, FABIAN, fā'bi-an, adj, delaying : dilatory: anat. a small, circumscribed portion of blue, red, and white factions, and other

avoiding battle, in imitation of Q. Fa the surface of a bone; as, articular fa two, the purple and yellow, are said to bius Maximus, a Roman general, who cettes, that is, contiguous surfaces by l have been added by Domitian. [L. factio,

FACTIOUS

153

FALCON

a company of persons acting together, I an imitation fagot was also worn on FAIR, fār, n. a fair woman.-THE FAIR, from facio, factum, to do.)

the sleeve by heretics, as a symbol that n.pl. the female sex. FACTIOUS, fak'shus, adj. turbulent : dis they had recanted opinions worthy of FAIR, fār, n. a stated market. (O. Fr.

loyal. -adv. FACTIOUSLY.-n. FACTIOUS burning:-adj. got up for a purpose, as feire, from L. feria, or ferice, holidays, NESS. [L. factiosus-factio.]

in FAGOT VOTE. Fr. fagot, a bundle of conn. with festus, festive. See FEAST.) FACTITIOUS, fak-tish'us, adj., made by sticks, perb. from L. fax, a torch.] FAIRY, fār'i, n. an imaginary being, said

art, in opposition to what is natural. - FAHRENHEIT, fä'ren-hīt, adj. the name to assume a human form, and to influadv. FACTI'TIOUSLY. (L. factitius, from distinguishing the kind of thermometer ence the fate of man. [O. Fr. faerie, enfacio, to make.]

in most common use in England and chantment- Fr. fée. See FAY, which FACTOR, fak'tor, n. a doer or transactor America, in which the space between the would have been the correct form, fairy

of business for another : one who buys freezing and the boiling points of water, being properly an abstract word.) and sells goods for others, on commis under a medium pressure of the atmos- FAIRY, fār'i, adj. of or belonging to fairies. sion: one of two or more quantities, phere, is divided into 180°; the freezing FAIRYISM, fär'i-izm, n. a condition or which, multiplied together, form a prod point being marked 32°, and the boiling characteristic of being fairy-like: resemuct.-n. FAO'TORSHIP. (L., from facio.] 212° ; as, there was a temperature of 600 blance to fairies or fairyland in customs, FACTORAGE, fak'tor-āj, n. the fees or Fahrenheit, that is, by a Fahrenheit nature, appearance, or the like. “The commission of a factor.

thermometer; the Fahrenheit scale. Af air of enchantment and fairyism which · FACTORIAL, fak-to'ri-al, adj. pertaining ter Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, a native is the tone of the place."-H. Walpole. to or consisting in a factory.

of Dantzic, who first employed quick FAIRYLAND, fār'i-land, n. the imaginary FACTORY, fak'tor-i, n. a manufactory : a silver, instead of spirits of wine, in the country of the fairies.

trading settlement in a distant country, construction of thermometers about the FAIRY-MONEY, fār'i-mun-i, n. money as the factory of the East India Company year 1720.]

given by fairies, which, according to the at Calcutta.

FAIENCE, fä-i-ens' or fä-yangs, n. a sort of popular belief, was said to turn into FACTOTUM, fak-to'tum, n. a person em fine pottery or earthenware glazed with withered leaves or rubbish after some ployed to do all kinds of work. [L. facio, a fine varnish, and painted in various time; “In one day Scott's high-heaped and totus, all.]

designs, named from Faenza in Romagna, money-wages became fairy-money and FACULÆ, fa'kū-lē, n.pl. in astron. cer where it is said to have been invented in nonentity."-Carlyle : also, a term sometain spots sometimes seen on the sun's 1299.

times applied to found money, from the disc, which appear brighter than the rest FAIL, fāl, v.i. to fall short or be wanting: to notion that it was dropped by a good of his surface. “Different parts of his fall away: to decay: to die : to miss : to fairy where the favored mortal would (the sun's) surface give different spectra. be disappointed or baffled: to be unable find it. The spots have not the same spectrum as to pay one's debts.-v.t. to be wanting to: FAITH, fāth, n., trust or confidence in any the bright parts of the disc; the ordinarily not to be sufficient for :-pr.p. fail'ing; person : belief in the statement of anbright parts have not the same spectrum pa.p. failed'. [Fr. faillir-L. fallo ; conn. other : belief in the truth of revealed reas the exceptionally bright parts called with Gr. sphallo, to cause to fall, deceive, ligion : confidence and trust in God : the faculce."-R. A. Proctor. "(L. facula, A.S. feallan, to fall.]

reliance on Christ as the Saviour: that a little torch, dim. of fax, a torch.] . FAILING, fāl'ing, n. a fault, weakness : a which is believed : any system of religFACULAR, fak'ü-ler, adj. pertaining or foible.

ious belief: fidelity to promises : honesty: relating to faculæ. R. A. Proctor. FAILLE, fī-ye or fāl, n. a heavy silk fabric word or honor pledged. [M. E. feith, FACULTY, fak'ul-ti, n., facility or power to of superior quality used in making and feyth, fey~0. Fr. feid-L. fides-fido, to act: an original power of the mind : per trimming ladies' dresses. (Fr.)

trust; connected with Gr. peitho, to personal quality or endowment : right, au FAILURE, fāl'ūr, n. a falling short, or ces suade.] thority, or privilege to act: license: a sation : omission : decay : bankruptcy. FAITHFUL, făth'fool, adj. full of faith, bebody of men to whom any privilege is FAIN, fān, adj. glad or joyful: inclined : lieving: firm in adherence to promises, granted: the professors constituting a content or compelled to accept, for want duty, allegiance, etc.: loyal: conformable department in a university: the members of better.-adv. gladly. [A.S. fægen, joy to truth : worthy of belief : true.—THE of a profession. [Fr.-L. facultas-facilis, ful ; Ice. feginn, glad.]

FAITHFUL, believers.--adv. FAITH'FULLY. easy.

FAINEANČE, fā'ne-ans, n. the quality of -n. FAITH'FULNESS. FAD, fad, n. a weak hobby. (Fr. fade, in doing nothing or of being idle: indolence: FAITHLESS, fāth'les, adj. without faith sipid. See under FADE.]

sloth. “The mask of sneering faineance or belief : not believing, esp. in God or FADE, fād, v.i. to lose strength, freshness, was gone; imploring tenderness and ear Christianity: not adhering to promises, or color gradually.-adj. FADE'LESS. (Fr. nestness beamed from his whole coun allegiance, or duty: delusive. -- adv. fade, insipid, from L. fatuus, silly, in tenance."-Kingsley. [From fainéant FAITH'LESSLY.-n. FAITH'LESSNESS. sipid.)

(which see).]

FAKIR, fā'ker or fa-kēr', n. a member of a FÆCES or FECES, fē'sēz, n.pl., grounds: FÀINÉANT,fã-nā-äng, adj.(lit.) do-nothing: ! religious order of mendicants in India

sediment after infusion or distillation : the sarcastic epithet applied to the later and the neighboring countries. [Ar. fakexcrement. (L., pl. of fæx, fæcis, Merovingian kings of France, who were har, poor. grounds.

puppets in the hands of the mayors of FALCATE, fal’kāt, FALCATED, falkāt-ed, FAG, fag, v.i. to become weary or tired the palace-Louis V., the last of the Car adj. (astr. and bot.) bent like a sickle, as out: to work as a fag :-pr.p. fagg'ing; lovingian dynasty, received the same des the crescent moon, and certain leaves. pa.p. fagged'.-n. one who labors like a ignation. Fr., idle, sluggish-faire, to (L. falcatus, from falx, a sickle.] drudge: a school-boy forced to do menial do, and néant, nothing.)

FALCHION, fawl'shun, n. a short crooked offices for one older: a fatiguing or tiring FAINT, fānt, adj. wanting in strength : sword, falcated or bent somewhat like a piece of work : fatigue. * It is such a fading : lacking distinctness : not bright sickle. It. falcione-Low L. falcio, from fag, I come back tired to death.”—Miss or forcible : weak in spirit : lacking cour L. falx, à sickle.] Austen. [Ety. dub.; perh, a corr. of FLAG, age : depressed : done in a feeble way. FALCON, faw'kn, n, in zool. a member of to droop, which see.)

v.i. to become feeble or weak : to lose the Falconina, a sub-family of the FalFAG-END, fag'-end, n. the end of a web of strength, color, etc.; to swoon : to fade conidæ (which see), characterized by a cloth that flags or bangs loose : the un or decay : to vanish : to lose courage or short beak, curved from the base, by twisted end of a rope : the refuse or spirit: to become depressed.-adv.FAINT' having on the margin one or two strong meaner part of a thing.

LY. (Used of anything that cannot bear indentations on each side, and very long FAGGERY, fag'er-i, n. fatiguing labor or trial or proof, from Fr. feint (feindre), wings, of which the second pen-feather drudgery: the system of fagging carried feigned, unreal-L. fingere, to feign or is the largest. The species most comon at some public schools. Faggery dissemble. See FEIGN.

monly used in falconry are the gyrfalon was an abuse too venerable and sacred FAINTISH, fānt'ish, adj., somewhat or or jerfalcon (Falco gyrfalco) and the pereto be touched by profane hands.”De slightly faint.-n. FAINT'ISHNESS.

grine falcon (F. peregrinus). The former Quincey.

FAINTNESS, fānt'nes, n. want of strength: is regarded as the boldest and most beauFAGOT or FAGGOT, fagʻut, n. a bundle of feebleness of color, light, etc.: dejection. tiful of its family, and next to the eagle sticks used for fuel : à stick : anything FAIR, făr, adj., bright : clear : free from the most formidable, active, and intrepid like a fagot: a soldier numbered on the blemish : pure : pleasing to the eye: of birds. It is therefore held in the highmuster-roll, but not really existing : a beautiful : free from a dark hue : of a est esteem for falconry, and was formerly voter who has obtained his vote expressly light shade : free from clouds or rain : imported from Iceland and Norway. The for party purposes : in former times favorable : unobstructed: open: pros peregrine falcon being much more easily heretics who had escaped the stake by perous: frank : impartial : pleasing : procured was much more commonly the recanting their errors were often made hopeful : moderate. - adv. FAIR'LY.-n. object of the falconer's care. It builds publicly to carry a fagot and burn it FAIR'NESS. (A.S. faeger; Ice. fagr, on high rocks on the coast, and is more hence the phrase, TO BURN ONE'S FAGOT; | bright, Dan. feir.]

numerous in Scotland than England.

FALCONER

154

FAMILY

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

The geographical distribution of the fall Eve, called THE FALL :-pl. (Apocrypha) I ity of being false : want of truth : want cons is very wide, extending from the death, overthrow.

of honesty : deceitfulness : false appearequator to the poles, and many species FALLACIOUS, fal-la'shus, adj. calculated ance: an untrue statement: a lie. [FALSE, have been described. The term falcon to deceive or mislead: not well founded : and hood, A.S. had, state.] is by sportsmen restricted to the female, causing disappointment: delusive.-adv. | FALSETTO, fawl-set'o, n. a false or artithe male, which is smaller and less cou

JSNESS. ficial voice: a range of voice beyond the rageous, being called tersel, tiercel, or ter [L. fallaciosus.

natural compass. [It. falsetto, from root celet. ró.Fr. falcon; Fr. faucon ; It. fal- FÅLLACY, fala-si, n. something falla of FALSE. cone; L. falco. Probably from falc, a cious : deceptive appearance : an ap- | FALSI CRIMEN, fal'sī kri'men, in law, the reaping-hook, from the curved claws and parently genuine but really illogical crime of what is false : the crime of fraud. beak. The word has also passed into the argument. [Fr. fallace, deceit--L. fal In the civil law the term meant a fraudTeut, languages. Comp. *O.Ger. falcho, lacia, from fallax, deceptive, fallo, to ulent subornation or concealment, with Ger. falk, falke, Ice. falki, falcon.] deceive.

design to darken or conceal the truth, or FALCONER, faw'kn-er, n. one who sports FALLIBILITY, fal-i-bil'i-ti, n. liability to make things appear otherwise than they with, or who breeds and trains falcons or err.

really are, as in swearing falsely, antehawks for taking wild-fowl. [Fr. fau FALLIBLE, fal'i-bl, adj. liable to error or dating a contract, or selling by false connier. 1

mistake. — adv. FALL'IBLY. [Low L. weights. In modern common law its FALCONIDÆ, fal-kon'i-dē, n.pl. a family fallibilis, from fallo.]

prevailing signification is that of forgery. of raptorial birds or birds of prey, in FALLOW, fal'lo, adj. pale red or pale yelwhich the destructive powers are most low; as, a fallow deer: left to rest after FALSIFIABLE, fawls'i - fi-a-bl, adj. that perfectly developed. The true falcons tillage ; untilled; uncultivated; neg may be falsified, counterfeited, or corare inferior in size to the eagles and vul. lected; “Break up your fallow ground.” rupted. tures, but they are of all birds the most -Jer. iv. 3; “Her predecessors ... did | FALSIFICATION, fawls-i-fi-kā'shun, n. the symmetrical in their form, and the most but sometimes cast up the ground; and act of making false : the giving to a thing daring in the capture of their prey, being so leaving it fallow, it became quickly the appearance of something which it is also endowed with wonderful strength overgrown with weeds.”—Howell: unoc not. and powers of flight. They are distin cupied ; neglected; unused:

FALSIFIER, fawls'i-fi'er, n. one who falsiguished by a projection over the eyebrows

Let the cause lie fallow.-Hudibras:

fies or gives to a thing a false appearance. which gives their eyes the appearance of A thousand bearts lie fallow in these halls.

FALSIFY, fawls'i-fī, v.t. to forge or counbeing deeply seated in their orbits. The

- Tennyson. terfeit': to prove untrustworthy : to beak is hooked and generally curved from [A. S. fealo, fealwe, pale red or pale yel. break by falsehood :-pr.p. fals'ifying ; its origin; there are three toes before and low; 0. E. falau, falewe, etc.-"His hue pa.p. fals'ified. [L. falsus, false, and one behind, the claws are pointed and falewe and pale."--Chaucer. Cf. Ger. facio, to make.] sharp, movable, retractile, and much fahl, falb ; Low Ger, and Dut. vaal, fal- FALSITY, fawls'i-ti, n. quality of being hooked. The family includes the differ low ; also Fr. fauve, It. falbo, which are false : a false assertion. [L. falsitas, ent species of eagles, the hawks and fal. borrowed from the Teutonic; cog. L. 1 from falsus, false.] cons properly so called, comprising the pallidus, pale. The application of the FALTER, fawl'ter, v.i. to fail or stutter in sub-families Polyborinæ (caracaras), Bute epithet to land is probably due to the speech: to tremble or totter: to be feeble oninæ (buzzards), Aquilinæ (eagles), Fal color of ploughed land.]

or irresolute. (Lit., to be at fault; from coninæ (falcons), Milvinæ (kites), Accipi- FALLOW, fallo, n. land that has lain a root of FAULT; cf. Span. faltar, It. fal

trinæ (hawks), and Circinæ (harriers). year or more untilled or unseeded ; land tare, to be deficient.) FALCONRY, faw'kn-ri, n. the art of train ploughed without being sowed: the FALTER, fawl'ter, n. the act of faltering,

ing or hunting with falcons. [Fr. fau ploughing or tilling of land, without hesitating, trembling, stammering, or connerie.]

sowing it, for a season; as, summer fal the like: unsteadiness: hesitation : tremFALDERALL, fal'de-ral, n. a gewgaw : an low, properly conducted, has ever been bling: quavering. “The falter of an idle

idle fancy: a conceit. "Gin ye dinna found a sure method of destroying weeds; shepherd's pipe."-J. R. Lowell. tie him till a job that he canna get quat “ By a complete summer fallow, land is FALTERINGLY, fawl'ter-ing-li, adv. in a o', he'll flee frae ae falderall till anither rendered tender and mellow."-Sir J. faltering or hesitating manner. a' the days o' his life."--Hogg. [Formed Sinclair.-A green fallow, in England, FAME, fām, n. public report or rumor: refrom the unmeaning repetitions in some fallow where land is rendered mellow nown or celebrity, good or bad. [Fr.-L. old songs.]

and clean from weeds by means of some fama, from fari, to speak ; Gr. phēmē, FALDSTOOL, fawld'stool, n. a folding or green crop, as turnips, potatoes, etc. from phēmi, to say, make known, Sans.

camp stool: a kind of stool for the king FĂLLOW, fallo, v.t. to plough, harrow, bhâsh, to speak, A.S. bannan, to proto kneel on at his coronation : a bishop's and break land without seeding it, for claim.) seat within the altar: a small desk at the purpose of destroying weeds and in FAMED, fāmd, adj. renowned. which the litany is sung or said. [From sects and rendering it mellow; as, it is FAMILIAR, fa-mil'yar, adj.well acquainted Low L. faldistolium-0. H. Ger. faldan found to be for the interest of the farmer or intimate: showing the manner of an (Ger. falten), to fold, and stual (Ger. to fallow cold, strong, clayey land. In intimate: free: having a thorough stuhl), stool, seat, or throne; Fr. fauteuil U. S. to summer-fallow land is to plough knowledge of : well known or underis from the same source.

and cultivate it continually during the stood.-n. one well or long acquainted : FALL, fawl, v.i. to drop down: to descend summer, in preparation for sowing wheat a demon supposed to attend at eall.by the force of gravity : to become pros in the autumn. Some of the most pro adv. FAMIL'IARLY. [L. familiaris, from trate : (of a river) to discharge itself: to gressive American farmers condemn familia, a family. sink as if dead : to vanish: to die away : summer-fallowing. They contend that, FAMILIARIZE, fa-mil'yar-iz, v.t. to make to lose strength: to decline in power, owing to evaporation under the summer thoroughly acquainted : to accustom: to wealth, value, or reputation : to sink heat, the practice is eventually detri make easy by practice or study. into sin : to depart from the faith: to mental to the soil.

FAMILIARITY, fa-mil-ye-ar'i-ti, n. intibecome dejected: to pass gently into FALLOW-DEER, fal'o-dēr, n. a species of mate acquaintanceship : freedom from any state: to befall: to issue: to enter deer smaller than the red-deer, with broad constraint :-pl. actions characterized by upon with haste or vehemence: to rush : flat antlers, and of a yellowish-brown color. too much license : actions of one person - pr.p. fall'ing; pa.t. fell; pa.p. fallen FALLOWNESS, fal'o-nes, n. state of being towards another unwarranted by their (faw'in). [A.S. feallan ; Ger. fallen; fallow, or untilled.

relative position : liberties. [L. familconnected with L. fallo, to deceive, Gr. FALL-TRAP, fawl'-trap, n. a trap in which iaritas. ] sphallo, to cause to fall, Sans, sphal, to a part of the apparatus, as a door, bar, FAMILIST, famil-ist, n. one of the relig. tremble. See FAIL.

knife, or the like, descends and imprisons ious sect called the Family of Love which FALL, fawl, n. the act of falling, in any of or kills the victim. “We walk in a world arose in Holland in 1556. They taught

its senses : descent by gravity : a drop of plots, strings universally spread of that religion consists wholly in love, inping down: overthrow : death : descent deadly gins and full-traps bacted by the dependently of any form of truth held from a better to a worse position: slope gold of Pitt."--Carlyle.

and believed that through love man or declivity: descent of water: a cas- FALSE, 'awls, adj., deceptive or deceiving : could become absolutely absorbed in and cade-though in this sense the plural is untruthful: unfnithful to obligations : identified with God; that God regards used, as Niagara Falls, Falls of St. untrue : not genuine or real : hypocrit not the outward actions but only the Anthony, etc. : length of a fall: outlet ieal: not well founded-adv. FALSK'LY. heart, and that to the pure all things are of a river: decrease in value: a sinking -X.

F

o tel (Tauw)-L. pure, even things forbidden. of the voice : the time when the leaves

receive. See FAMILY, fami'l-li, , the household, or all fall, autumn: that which falls: a lapse

those who live in one house under one into sin, especially that of Adam on

Lo me on bendi

n dants of one common

[graphic]

FAMILY-HEAD

155

FARCY

Fit, FANATICALE

by the time in remote an old Spanish

progenitor : race: honorable or noble , 4 cents: a Ceylonese copper coin worth al knitting, crocheting, tatting, omdescent: a group of animals, plants, about 3 cents.

broidery, etc., performed by ladies. languages, etc., more comprehensive FANATIC, fa-nat'ik, FANATICAL, fa FANCY-WOVEN, fan'si-wov-n, adj. formed than a genus. (Fr.-L. familia-famu nat'ik-al, adj. wild and extravagant in by the imagination. lus, a servant.)

opinions, particularly in religious opin "Veild in Fable's fancy-rooven vest.-Warton. FAMILY-HEAD, fa'mi-li-hed, n. (naut.) an ions : excessively enthusiastic : possessed | FANDANGO, fan-dan'go, n. an old Spanish old name for the stem of a vessel when or characterized by a kind of frenzy: as,

1 hv a kind of frenzy: as. | dance. [Sp.) it was surmounted by several full-length a fanatic people; fanatic zeal; fanatic FANE, fān, n. a temple. [L. fanum, from figures.

notions or opinions. “Fanatic Egypt fari, to speak, to dedicate. ] FAMILY-MAN, fa'mi-li-man, n. one who and her priests."-Milton.

FANFARE, fan'fār, n. a flourish of trum. bas a family or a household : a man in

I abhor such fanatical phantoms.-Shak. pets on entering the lists: a boast : a clined to lead a domestic life. “The (L. fanaticus, inspired, enthusiastic, | bravado. [Fr. fanfare-Sp. fanfarria, Jews are generally, when married, most from fanum, a place dedicated to some which is from Arab. farfar, loquacious. ] exemplary family-men.”-Mayhew.

deity, a temple. See FANE.]

FANFARON, fan'fa-ron, n. one who uses FAMINE, fam'in, n. general scarcity of FANATIC, fa-nat'ik, n. a person affected fanfare or bravado: a bully. [Fr., from

food. Fr., through an unrecorded Low by excessive enthusiasm, particularly on fanfare.1 L. famina, from L. fames, hunger.]

religious subjects; one who indulges FANFARONADE, fan-far-on-ad', n. vain FAMISH, fam'ish, v.t. to starve.-v.i. to wild and extravagant notions of religion. boasting: bluster. [Fr. fanfaronnade,

die or suffer extreme hunger or thirst: 6. They are fanaticks ... all atheists from fanfare.] to suffer from exposure.

being that blind goddess Nature's fanat FANG, fang, n. the tooth of a ravenous FAMISHMENT, fam'ish-ment, n. starva icks." - Cudworth. There is a new beast: a claw or talon. [A.S. fang, tion.

word, coined within few months, called from fon, to seize ; Ger. fangen, to cateh.] FAMOUS, fā'mus, adj. renowned: noted. fanatics, which, by the close stickling FANGED, fangd, adj. having fangs,

-adv. FA'MOUSLY. [L. famosus, from thereof, seemeth well cut out and pro clutches, or anything resembling them. fama.]

portioned to signify what is meant FANLIGHT, fan'līt, n. a window resemFAN, fan, n. the name of various instru thereby, even the sectaries of our age." bling in form an open fan. ments for exciting a current of air by -Fuller, 1660.

FANNER, fan'er, n. a machine with rethe agitation of a broad surface; as, (a) FANATICISM, fa-nat'i-sizm, n. wild and volving fans, used for winnowing grain, an instrument made of palm-leaf, carved excessive religious enthusiasm.

etc. wood or ivory, feathers, or of thin skin, FANCIED, fan'sid, p. and adj. portrayed or FANNING-MACHINE, fan'ing-ma-shēn, paper, or taffeta, mounted on sticks, etc., formed by the fancy; imaginary; as, a FANNING-MILL, fan'ing-mil, n. a maused by ladies to agitate the air and cool fancied grievance: attracting one's chine for cleaning grain and seeds from the face; (b) in mach, any contrivance of fancy; liked ; in esteem ; sought after ; chaff, husks, foul seeds and sand; and vanes or flat discs, revolving by the aid of as, this class of goods is more fancied also for grading wheat and other cereals. machinery, as for winnowing grain, for than ever.

FANPALÀ, fan' pam, n. a species of palm cooling fluids, urging combustion, assist. | FANCIER, fan'si-er, n. one who fancies 60 or 70 ft. high, with fan-shaped leaves, ing ventilation, etc. ; (c) a small vane or or has a liking to; also, one who keeps used for umbrellas, tents, etc. sail used to keep the large sails of a smock for sale ; as, a bird-fancier: one who is FANTASIA, fan-tä'zi-a, n. a fanciful or wind-mill always in the direction of the under the influence of his fancy ; “ Not fantastic musical composition, not gove wind; (d) an apparatus for regulating or reasoners but fanciers."-Macaulay. erned by the ordinary musical rules. [It., checking, by the resistance of the air to FANCIFUL, fan'si-fool, adj. guided or from Gr. phantasia. See FANCY.] its rapid motion, the velocity of light ma created by fancy: imaginative : whim FANTASMÅGORIA, fan-tas-ma-gö'ri-a, n chinery, as in a musical box; a fly ; (e) an sical : wild.-adv. FAN'CIFULLY.-n. FAN. same as PHANTASMAGORIA. apparatus, called also the fan-governor,

FANTASTIC, fan-tas'tik, FANTASTICAL, for regulating the throttle-valves of FANCY, fan'si, n. that faculty of the mind fan-tas'tik-al, adj., fanciful: not real : steam-engines: something resembling a by which it recalls, represents, or makes capricious : whimsical: wild.-adv. FANlady's fan when spread, as the wing of a to appear past images or impressions : | TAS'TICALLY. bird, the tail of a peacock, etc.; " As a an image or representation thus formed FANTASY, fan'ta-si, n. old form of FANCY. peacock and crane were in company the in the mind : an unreasonable or capri- | FAN-WINDOW, fan'win-do, n, a window peacock spread his tail and challenged the cious opinion : a whim: capricious incli shaped like a fan; that is, having a semiother to show him such a fan of feathers." nation or liking.-adj. pleasing to, or circular outline and a sash formed of ra-Sir R. L'Estrange : (fig.) any agency guided by fancy or caprice.--FANCY-BALL, dial bars. which excites to action or stimulates the ñ. a ball at which fancy dresses in vari- FAR, får, adj. remote : more distant of activity of a passion or emotion, produc ous characters are worn.-THE FANCY, two: remote from or contrary to puring effects analogous to those of a fan in n.pl. sporting characters generally. pose or design.-adv. to a great distance exciting flame; as, this was a fan to re Contracted from fantasy, Fr. fantasie, in time, space, or proportion : remotely: bellion; a fan to a man's ardor. [A. S. through L., from Gr. phantasia-Gr. considerably or in great part: very fann, fan, a collateral form of van, L. phantazo, to make visible-phaino, to much : to a great height: to a certain vannus, whence Fr. van, a fan. Probably bring to light, to show, Sans. bhi, to point, degree, or distance. (A.S. feor; akin to L. ventus, wind, and E. WINNOW.] shine.]

Dut. ver, verre; Ice. fiarri ; Ger. fern; FAN, fan, v.t. to move or agitate as with | FANCY, fan'si, v.t. to portray in the mind: allied to Gr. porro, at a distance, pro, a fan;

to imagine: to have a fancy or liking before, Sans. pra, before, and also to E. The air ... fanned with unnumbered plumes. for : to be pleased with :-pr.p. fan'cy FARE.) ---Stilton:

FARAD, far'ad, n. the unit of quantity in to cool and refresh, by moving the air

ing; pa.p. fan'cied. with a fan; to blow the air on the face FANCY-FREE, fan'si-frè, adj. free from electrometry: the quantity of electricity

with which an electro-motive force of with a fan; "She was fanned into slum.

the power of love.

In maiden meditation, fancy-free.-Shak. one volt would flow through the resistbers by her slaves."-Spectator : to ventilate ; to blow on; to affect by air put in

FANCY-GOODS, fan'si-goodz, n.pl. fabrics ance of one megohm (a million ohms)

of various patterns, as ribbons, silks, in one second. (In honor of Prof. Faramotion ; Calm as the breath which fans our eastern groves.

satins, etc., differing from those which

day.] -Dryden : are of a plain or simple color.

FARADIC, fa-rad'ik, adj. a term applied to winnow; to ventilate; to separate chaff FANCY-LINE, fan'si-lin, n. in nav. (a) to induction electricity obtained from a from, and drive it away by a current of a line used for overhauling the lee variety of batteries—some magneto-elecair; as, to fan wheat: (fig.) to produce topping-lift of the main or spanker tric, composed of a revolving magnet effects on, analogous to those of a fan in boom-often called a tripping-line; (b) a and coils of wires, others of a cell (giv exciting flame; to excite; to increase the line rove through a block at the jaws of a ing a galvanic current) and coils, activity or action of; to stimulate-said

sed as a down-haul.

FARCE, fars, n. a style of comedy, stuffed of the passions and emotions, of designs, | FANCY-SICK, fan'si-sik, adj. noting one with low humor and extravagant wit. plots, etc.; as, this fanned the flame of whose imagination is unsound, or whose ridiculous or empty show. [Fr. farce, his love ; he fanned the smouldering distemper is in his own mind.

the stuffing in meat, from L. farcio, to embers of the revolution till they burst All fancy-sick she is, and pale of cheer.-Shak. stuff. into flame.

FANCY-STOCKS, fan'si-stoks, n. pl. among FARCICAL, färs'i-kal, adj. of or relating FANAL, fa-nal, n. a lighthouse, or more American brokers, stocks which, having to a farce: Judicrous.-adv. FARC'ICALLY.

specifically, the apparatus placed in it no determinate value from any fixed FARCY, fär'si, FARCIN, fär'sin, n. a disto give light. (Fr.)

probable income, fluctuate in price ac ease of horses intimately connected with FANĂM, fan'am, n. a money of account | cording to the fancy of speculators.

glanders, the two diseases generally used formerly in Madras, worth about FANCY-WORK, fan'si-werk, n. ornament- running into each other. It is sup

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »