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GRIDELIN, grid'e-lin, n. a color mixed | GRIME, grim, n. ingrained dirt. -0.t. to of white and red, or a gray violet. [Fr.

ian in his own company will sooner or gris de lin, flax gray.)

Dan. grim, soot, Fris. grime, a dark spot later become a grobian in that of his The ladies dress'd in rich symars were seen, on the face.]

friends."-Kingsley. [Ger., from grob, Of Florence satten, flower'd with white and green, And for a shade betwixt the bloomy gridelin.

GRIMY, grim'i, adj. full of grime : foul. coarse. -Dryden.

GRIN, grin, v.i. to set the teeth together GROCER, gros'er, n. a dealer in tea, sugar, GRIDIRON, grid'-urn, n, a frame of iron and withdraw the lips.-v.t. to express etc. (Fr. grossier, from root of GROSS;

bars for broiling flesh or fish over the by grinning :- pr.p. grinn'ing; pa.p. the word, formerly grosser, orig. meant fire. [M. E. gredire, a griddle, and from grinned'.-n. act of grinning. [A.S. gren one who sold wholesale.) the same Celtic root as griddle; but the nian; Ice. grenja, Ger. greinen, Dut. grij- | GROCERY, grös'er-i, n. (generally used in termin, -ire became identified with M. E. nen, to grumble, Scand. girn; allied to Ē.

pl.) articles sold by grocers. ire, iron.]

groan, Fr. grogner.]

GROG, grog, n. a mixture of spirit and GRIEF, gréf, n., heaviness of heart: sorrow: GŘIND, grind, v.t. to reduce to powder by

cold water. (Derived from “Old Grog," regret: mourning: cause of sorrow: afflic friction : to wear down or sharpen by

a nickname given by British sailors to tion: (B.) bodily as well as mental pain. rubbing : to rub together: to oppress or

Admiral Vernon, who first introduced it, [Fr. grief-grever, to burden-L. gravo, harass.-0.i. to be moved or rubbed to

because he used, in bad weather, to wear to grieve-gravis, heavy.] gether:-pr.p. grind'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p.

a grogram cloak.) GRIEVANCE, grév'ans, n. cause of grief : ground. TA.S. grindan.]

GROG, grog, v.t. to make into grog by burden: hardship: injury: grief. GRINDER, grind'er, n. he or that which

mixing water with spirits : to extract GRIEVE, grēv, v.t. to cause grief or pain grinds : a double or jaw tooth that grinds

grog from, by pouring hot water into an of mind to: to make sorrowful: to vex: food.

empty spirit cask, by which means a (B.) also, to inflict bodily pain.-v.i. to | GRINDSTONE, grind'ston, n. a circular

weak spirit may be extracted from the feel grief: to mourn.

revolving stone for grinding or sharpenGRIEVOUS, grēv'us, adj. causing or full of ing tools.

wood. (British excise slang.) grief: burdensome: painful: heinous : GRIP, grip, GRIPE, grip, n., grasp or firm

GROGRAM, grog'ram, n. a kind of cloth atrocious : hurtful.-n. GRIEV'OUSNESS. hold with the hand, etc.; oppression :

made of silk and mohair, of a coarse GRIEVOUSLY, grēv'us-li, adv. in a griev-| pinching distress :-pl. GRIPES, severe

grain or texture. (O. Fr. gros-grain, of ous manner: (B.) severely. pains in the bowels. - See GRIPE, .)

a coarse grain or texture. See GROSS and GRIFFIN, grif'in, GRIFFON, griffun, n. an GRIPE, grip, v.t. to grasp with the hand :

GRAIN.] imaginary animal, with the body and legs to seize and hold fast: to squeeze : to GROIN, groin, n. the part of the body just of a lion, and the crooked beak and wings give pain to the bowels.-GRIP ING, part. where the legs begin to divide : (arch.) of an eagle. [Fr. griffon-L. and Gr. adj. avaricious: of a pain that catches the angular curve formed by the crossing gryps-Gr. grypos, hook-nosed.] or seizes acutely. [A.S. gripan; Ice.

of two arches. (Ice. grein, division, GRIG, grig, n. a small lively eel, the sand gripa, Ger. greifen, Dut. grijpen : allied

branch-greina, to divide; Sw. gren, eel. [Prov. E. grig, a cricket : from its to GRAB.]

branch, space between the legs; Scot. wriggling motion.]

GRIPPE, grip, n. a French term applied graine, grane, the branch of a tree or GRILL, gril, v.t. to broil on a gridiron : to to various epidemic forms of catarrh.

river.) torment. [Fr. griller-gril, a gridiron- GRISETTE, gri-zet', n. a gay young French

GROINED, groind, adj. having groins or L. craticula, dim. of crates, a grate.) woman of the lower class. (Fr. grisette,

angular curves made by the intersection GRILLAGE, gril'āj, n. in engin. a frame a gray gown, which used to be worn by

of two arches. work composed of heavy beams laid I that class-gris, gray.]

GROOM, grõõm, n. one who has the charge longitudinally,and crossed at right angles GRISLED, griz'ld. Same as GRIZZLED. of horses : a title of several officers of a by similar beams notched upon them, GRISLY, griz'li, adj. frightful : hideous.

royal household : a bridegroom.-v.t. to used to sustain foundations and prevent [A.S. gryslic, agrisan, to dread ; Ger.

tend, as a horse.-n. GROOMS'MAN, attheir irregular settling in soils of unequal grässlich, grieseln, to shudder.)

tendant on a bridegroom at his marriage. compressibility. The grillage is firmly GŘIST, grist, n. grain for grinding at one

(Ety. dab.; prob. from A.S. guma (in bedded, and the earth packed into the time : supply : profit. (A.S. grist, gerst, bridegroom), a man, which is allied to interstices between the beams; a flooring a grinding ; from root of GRIND.]

Goth. guma, Ice. gumi, L. homo.] of thick planks, termed a platform, is GRISTLE, gris'l, n. a soft, elastic substance GROOVE, groov, n. a furrow, or long holthen laid on it, and on this the founda in animal bodies, also called cartilage. low, such as is cut with a tool.-rit. to tion courses rest. [Fr., from grille, a A.S. gristel; a dim. of grist and grind, grave or cut a groove or furrow in. [A.S. grate, a railing.)

because one must crunch it in eating.) grof, græf-grafan, to dig ; Ger. grubeGŘILLE, gril, n. a lattice or open work or GRISTLY, gris'li, adj. consisting of or like graben, to dig ; Dut. groeve, a furrow, grating: a piece of grated work : as (a) gristle.-N. GRIST'LINESS.

pit; from root of GRAVE.) a metal screen to inclose or protect any GŘIT, grit, n. the coarse part of meal : GROPE, grop, v.i. (orig.) to gripe or feel particular spot, locality, shrine, tomb, or gravel: a kind of hard sandstone :-pl. with the hands: to search or attempt to sacred ornament; (b) a gate of metal in oats coarsely ground, groats. [A.S. find something, as if blind or in the dark. closing or protecting the entrance of a greot, grytt; Dut. grut, groats, Ger. -v.t. to search by feeling, as in the dark. religious house or sacred building; (c) gries, gravel, akin to groat, grout.]

[A.S. grapian, to seize, handle ; allied to a small screen of iron bars inserted in the GŘITTY, griti, adj. consisting of or hav GRAB, GRIPE.) door of a monastic or conventual building, ing grits or hard particles.. GRITT - GROPINGLY, grop'ing-li, adv. in a gropin order to allow the inmates to converse INESS.

ing manner. with visitors, or to answer inquiries with GRIZZLE, griz1, n. a gray color. [Fr. gris, GROSBEAK. Same as GROSSBEAK. out opening the door ; the wicket of a gray-0. Ger gris, gray, Ger. greis.] GROSS, gros, adj. coarse : rough: dense: monastery. [Fr. See GRILL, to broil.1 GRIZZLE, griz'l, v.i. to grow gray or griz palpable: whole: coarse in mind: stupid: GRILSE, grils, n. a young salmon on its zly: to become gray-haired. Emerson. sensual: obscene.-n. the main bulk: the

first return from salt water. (Sw. graa GRIZZLED, griz'ld, adj., gray, or mixed whole taken together; a great hundred, lax, a gray salmon.] with gray.

i.e., twelve dozen.-adv.GROSS'LY.-1. GRIM, grim, adj. of forbidding aspect : GRIZZLY, griz'li, adj. of a gray color. GROSS'NESS. [Fr. gros-Low L. grossus

ferocious: ghastly: sullen.-adv. GRIM'- GROAN, grön, v.i. to utter a moaning L. crassus. LY.-16. GRIM'NESS. (A.S. grim ; Ger. sound in distress : (fig.) to be afflicted. GROSSBEAK, gros'bēk, n. a genus of birds grimmig- grimm, fury, Dut. grimmig, -n. a deep moaning sound as of dis with a thick strong convex beak. [GROSS Ice. grimmr.)

tress: a sound of disapprobation. [A.S. and BEAK.] GRIM, grim, v.t. to make grim: to give a granian.)

GROT, grot, GROTTO, grot'o, n. a cave: a forbidding or fear-inspiring aspect to. GROANING, grön'ing, n. a deep moan as place of shade, for pleasure, made like " To withdraw ... into lurid half light, of pain : any low rumbling sound.

a cave:-pl. GROTS, GROTTOS. (Fr. grotte grimmed by the shadow of that red fag GROAT, grawt or gröt, n. an old English -L. crypta; thus a doublet of CRYPT of theirs." -Carlyle.

coin – 4d. 10. Low Ger. grote, a coin grotto is the It. form.] GRIMACE, gri-màs', n. a distortion of the of Bremen ; like Dut. groot great, so GROTESQUE.gro-tesk', adj. extravagantly

face, in jest, etc.: a smirk. (Fr., of un called because greater than the copper formed : ludicrous.-n. (art.) extravagant certain orig., perh, from root of Ice, and coins formerly in use (Skeat); Ger. gros ornament, containing animals, plants, A.S. grima, a mask or phantom.] chen-Low L. grossus, thick.]

etc., not really existing.adv. GROGRIMACEN gri-māsd', adj. with a grimace: GROATS, grawts or grots, the grain TESQUE'LY.1. GROTESQUE'NESS. [Fr. distorted.

of oats deprived of the husks. [A.S. grut, grotesque-It. grottesca--grotto; because GRIMALKIN, gri-mal'kin, n. an old cat. coarse meal.]

old grottos were commonly adorned with [GRAY, and malkin, a dirty drab, a hare, GROBIAN, grob'i-an, n. a coarse, ill-bred | quaint and extravagant paintings.] à dim. of Moll or Mary.)

fellow: a rude lout: a boor. * Grobians | GROTTO. See GROT.




GROUND, grownd, pa.t. and pa.p. ofltion of anything: the basis : the essen sieve. “ You that can deal with crudoGRIND. tial part : the first principle.

ings and coarse flour.” Beau. & F. GROUND, grownd, n. the surface of the GROUP, grõõp, n. a number of persons or [Fr. grugeons, from gruger, to crunch, to

earth: a portion of the earth's surface : things together : (art) an assemblage of grind. Cf. Low Ger, grusen, to grind. land: field: the floor, etc.: position : persons, animals, or things, forming a and see GRUDGE, v.t.) field or place of action : (lit, or fig.) that whole.-v.t. to form into a group or GRUDGMENT, grujment, n. the act of on which something is raised: founda groups. [Fr. groupe - It. groppo, a grudging: discontent: dissatisfaction. tion: reason : (art.) the surface on which bunch, knot; from a root found in Ger. This, see, which at my breast I wear, the figures are represented. [A.S. Icropf, a protuberance.]

Ever did (rather to Jacynth's grudgme it) grund ; cog. with Ger. Dan. and Sw. | GROUPING, grõõp'ing, n. (art) the act of

And ever shall. -Browning. grund, Ice. grunnr, Goth. grundus ; disposing and arranging figures or objects | GRUEL, gröð'el, n. a thin food, made by prob. conn, with grind, and orig. mean in groups.

boiling groats or oatmeal in water. [O. ing “ earth ground small."]

GROUSE, grows, n. the heathcock or moor Fr. gruel (Fr. gruau), groats-Low L. gruGROUND, grownd, v.t. to fix on a found fowl, a bird with a short curved bill, tellum, dim. of grutum, meal-0. Ger.

ation or principle: to instruct in first short legs, and feathered feet, which fre grut, groats, A.S. grut.) principles.-v.i. to strike the bottom and quents moors and hills. [Prob. formed GRUESOME, gröo'sum, adj. horrible: fearremain fixed.

from the older grice (on the analogy of ful. [Scan.; cog. with Ger. grausam.] GROUNDAGE, grownd'āj, n. the tax paid mouse, mice)-0. Fr. griesche, of unknown GRUFF, gruf, adj. rough, stern, or abrupt by a ship for the ground or space occupied origin.]

in manner: churlish.adv. GRUFF'LY. while in port.

GROUT, growt, n. coarse meal: the sedi n. GRUFF NESS. (Dut. grof ; cog. with GROUND-FLOOR, grownd'-flor, n. the ment of liquor : lees : a thin coarse mor Sw. grof, Dan. grov, Ger. grob, coarse ;

floor of a house on a level with the street tar: a fine plaster for finishing ceilings. prob. imitative.l or exterior ground.

(A.S. grut, coarse meal ; cog. with Dut. GRUMBLE, grum'bl, v.i. to murmur with GROUND-GAME, grownd'-gām, n. a name grut, Ice. grautr, porridge, Ger. grütze, discontent: to growl: to rumble. -n. given to hares, rabbits, and the like, as groats.

GRUM'BLER. — adv. GRUM'BLINGLY. [Fr. distinguished from winged game, as GŘOVE, grov, n. a wood of small size, grommeler ; from 0. Ger. grummeln.] pheasants, grouse, partridges, etc.

generally of a pleasant or ornamental GRUME, grõõm, n. a thick consistence of GROUND-HOG, grownd'-hog, n. the pop character: an avenue of trees. [A.S. fluid: a clot as of blood. [O. Fr. grume,

ular name of the American rodent, Arc graf, a grove, a lane cut among trees a knot, a bunch (Fr. grumeau, a clot of tomys monar, or marmot, usually called grafan, to dig. See GRAVE, GROOVE. blood)-L. grumus, a little heap.] in New England WOODCHUCK : a name GROVEL, grov'el, v.i. to crawl on the GRUMOUS, groom'us, adj. thick: clotted. applied to the Orycteropus capensis, a earth: to be mean pr.p. grov'elling ; GRUMPISH, grum'pish, adj. surly : gruff : South African edentate quadruped which pa.p. grov'elled.-n. GROV'ELLER. [Perh. cross : grumpy. * If you blubber or look burrows in the ground-so called from its from Ice. grufla, to grovel, from grufa, grumpish.-Mrs. Trollope. bearing a general resemblance to a small, as in grufa nidr, to stoop down. See GRUMPY, grun'pi, adj. surly: dissatisfied: short-legged pig. GRAB, GROPE.)

melancholic. [From same root as GRUMGROUNDLESS, growndles, adj. without GROW, gro, v.i. to become enlarged by BLE.]

ground, foundation, or reason. - adv. a natural process : to advance towards GRUNT, grunt, v.i. to make a sound like GROUND'LESSLY.-n. GROUND'LESSNESS. maturity: to increase in size: to develop: a pig.-n. a short, guttural sound, as of GROUNDLING, grownd'ling, n. a small fish to become greater in any way: to extend: a hog.-N. GRUNTER. [Like words are

which keeps near the bottom of the wa to improve: to pass from one state to an found in most European languages ; all ter: a spectator in the pit of a theatre. other: to become.-v.t. to cause to grow: from the sound. See GROWL and GRUDGE.] (Both formed from GROUND and double to cultivate :-pa.t. grew (grão); pa.p. GRUTCH, gruch, n. a grudge. Hudibras. dim. -ling.)

grown.-n. GROW'ER. [A.S. growan; Ice. GRUYERE, grõõ-yār', n, a kind of Swiss ROUND-MAIL, grownd'-mål,n. duty paid groa: conn, with green.]

cheese held in much repute. It is made for the right of having a corpse interred GROWL, growl, v.i. to utter a deep, mur. of large size, is firm and dry, and exin a churchyard. “Reasonable charges," muring sound, like a dog: to grumble hibits numerous cells of considerable said the sexton,“ ou, there's ground-mail, surlily.--v.t. to express by growling.-n. magnitude. [From Gruyères, a small and bell-siller (though the bell's broken, GROWL'ER. [Dut. and Ger. grollen, to be town in the canton of Freiburg, Switzernae doubt), and the kist, and my day's angry, to roar; allied to Gr. gryllizo, to land. 1 wark, and my bit fee, and some brandy grunt, gryllos, a pig: from the sound. | GUAIACUM, gwā'ya-kum, n. a genus of and ale to the drigie."--Sir W. Scott. See GRUDGE and GRUNT.)

trees in the W. Indies, that yield a greenGROUND-NUT, grownd'-nut, n. a term ap- | GROWL, growl, n. a murmuring, snarling |

ish resin used in medicine. (Sp. guayaco, plied to the fruit of some plants and the sound, as of an angry dog.

from a Haytian word.] root of others found in the ground. GROWTH, groth, n. a growing: gradual GUANO, gwä'nõ, n. a substance found on GROUND-PLAN, grownd'-plan, n., plan of increase : progress : development: that many small islands, especially in the the horizontal section of the lowest or which has grown : product.

Southern Ocean and on the coast of ground story of a building.

GRUB, grub, v.i. to dig in the dirt: to be South America and Africa, which are GROUND-PLOT, grownd'-plot, n, the plot occupied meanly.-v.t. to dig or root out the resort of large flocks of sea-birds, and

of ground on which a building stands. of the ground (generally followed by up): chiefly composed of their excrements in GROUND-RENT, grownd'-rent, n., rent -pr.p. grubb'ing; pa.p.grubbed'. [Ety. a decomposed state. It sometimes forms

paid to a landlord for liberty to build on dub.; but prob. allied to GRAB, GRIPE.) beds from 50 to 60 feet in thickness. It his ground.

GRUB, grub, n. the larva of the beetle, is an excellent manure, and since 1841 has GROUNDS, grownds, dregs of drink: moth, etc. (Same word as above.]

been extensively applied for that pursediment at the bottom of liquors. [Gael. GRUBBER, grub'er, n. he who or that pose. Its active constituent is ammonia,

and Ir. grunndas; conn. with GROUND. which grubs : an instrument for digging containing much oxalate and urate of GROUND-SEA, grownd'-sē, n, the West In up the roots of trees, etc.

ammonia, with some phosphates. (Sp. dian name for the swell called Rollers, or GRUBBY, grub'i, adj. dirty : unclean. “A guano, huano, from Peruv. huanu, dung. ] in Jamaica the North Sea, occurring in grubby lot of sooty sweeps or colliers." GUARANTEE, gar-an-tē', GUARANTY, a calm, and with no other indication of a Hood.

gar'an-ti, n. a warrant or surety : a conprevious gale. The sea rises in huge bil GRUB-STREET, grub'-strēt, n. a street in tract to see performed what another has lows and dashes against the shore with London inhabited by shabby literary men. undertaken: the person who makes such roarings resembling thunder. It is prob -adj. applied to any mean literary pro a contract.-v.t. to undertake that anothably due to the gales called “Northers," duction.

er shall perform certain engagements : to which suddenly rise and rage off the GRUDGE, gruj, v.t. to murmur at: to look make sure :-pr.p. guarantee'ing ; pa.p. capes of Virginia round to the Gulf of upon with envy : to give or take unwill guaranteed'. [O. Fr. garantie, guaranMexico,

ingly.--v.i. to show discontent.-n. secret tie, pa.p. of garantir, to warrant-garGROUNDSEL, grownd'sel, n. an annual enmity or envy: an old cause of quarrel. ant, warrant. See WARRANT.]

plant, about a foot high, with small yel [M.E. grucchen, gruggen-0. Fr. groucher, GUARD, gärd, v.t. to vard, watch, or low flowers. [A.S. grundswelige-grund, groucer, gruger, from an imitative root take care of: to protect from danger. ground, and swelgan, to swallow; there gru, which is found in Gr. gry, the grunt -v.i. to watch : to be wary.-n. that fore lit. ground-swallower.) of a pig, also in growl, grunt.]

which guards from danger: a man or GROUND-S WELL, grownd'-swel, n. | GRUDGINGLY, gruj'ing-li, adv. unwill body of men stationed to protect : one a broad, deep swell or undulation of the ingly.

who has charge of a coach or railwayocean, proceeding from a distant storm. | GRUDGINGS, gruj'ingz, coarse meal : train : state of caution : posture of deGROUNDWORK, grownd' wurk, n. the grouts : the part of the grain which re fence : part of the hilt of a sword: a

work which forms the ground or founda- mains after the fine meal has passed the watch-chain :-pl. troops attached to the




person of a sovereign. [O. Fr. garder, conducting petty warfare. (Sp. guerril- | marine birds having a pointed bill and guarder_0. Ger. warten ; cog. with E. la, dim. of guerra (Fr. guerre)-0. Ger. very short tail. (Fr.] ward.]

werra, war. See WAR.]

GUILLOTINE, gilõ-tēn, n. an instrument GUARDANT, gär'dant, adj. (her.) having | GUESS, ges, v.t. to form an opinion on un- | for beheading-consisting of an upright

the face turned towards the beholder. certain knowledge.-v.i. to judge on un frane down which a sharp heavy axe GUARDED, gärd'ed, adj. wary : cautious : certain knowledge : to conjecture right descends on the neck of the victimuttered with caution.-adv. GUARD'EDLY. Jy. [M. E. gessen; cog. with Dut. gissen; adopted during the French Revolution, -n. GUARD'EDNESS.

Dan. gisse, Ice. giska, for git-ska-geta, and named after Guillotin, a physician, GUARDIAN, gärd'yan, n. one who guards to get, think, A.Š. gitan, whence E. GET. who first proposed its adoption.-v.t. to or takes care of : (law) one who has the See also FORGET.]

behead with the guillotine. care of an orphan minor.-adj. protect GUESS, ges, n. judgment or opinion with GUILLOTINEMENT, gil-o-tēn'ment, n. deing.-n. GUARD'IANSHA P. out sufficient evidence or grounds.

capitation by means of the guillotine. GUARDROOM, gård'rõõm, n. a room for GUESSWORK, ges' wurk, n., work done by “In this poor National Convention, brothe accommodation of guards. guess.

ken, bewildered by long terror, perturbGUARDSHIP, gärd'ship, n. a ship of war GUEST, gest, n. a visitor received and en- | ations, and guillotinement, there is no

that guards or superintends marine tertained. (A.S. gest, gæst; allied to Dut. pilot."-Carlyle. affairs in a harbor.

and Ger. gāst, L. hostis, stranger, enemy. GUILT, gilt, n. punishable conduct: the GUARDSMAN, gärds'man, n. a soldier of Cf. Host, an army.)

state of having broken a law : crime. the guards.

GUEST-CHAMBER, gest'-châm'ber, n. (B.) [Orig. a payment or fine for an offence ; GUAVA, gwä'va, n. a genus of trees and a chamber or room for the accommoda A.S. gylt, guilt-gildan, to pay, to atone.] shrubs of tropical America, with yellow, tion of guests.

GUILTLESS, gilt'les, adj. free from crime : pear-shaped fruit which is made into GUFFAW, guf-faw', n. a loud laugh. innocent.-adv.GUILT'LESSLY.-n.GUILT'jelly. [Sp. guayaba; of W. Indian [From the sound.)

LESSNESS. origin.)

GUIDANCE, gīd'ans, n. direction : govern GUILTY, gilt'i, adj. justly chargeable with GUDGEON, guj'un, n. a small fresh-water ment.

a crime : wicked.-GUILTY OF (sometimes fish, allied to the carp, easily caught GUIDE, gid, v.t. to lead or direct : to regu in B.), deserving.-adv. GUILT'ILY.-n. hence, any one easily cheated. [Fr. late: to influence.-n. he who or that GUILT'INESS. [A.S. gyltig.]

goujon-L. gobio-Gr. kõbios. See GOBY.] which guides : one who directs another GUINEA, gin'i, ñ. an English gold coin, no GUELDER-ROSE, gel'der-rõz, n. a tree in his course of life : a soldier or other longer used-21s., so called because first

with large white ball-shaped flowers. person employed to obtain information made of gold brought from Guinea, in (So called from Gueldres in Holland-also for an army. [Fr. guider; prob. from a Africa. called snowball-tree.]

Teut. root, as in A.S. witan, to know, GUINEA - FOWL, gin'i - fowl, GUINEAGUELF, GUELPH, gwelf, n. the name of observe, wis, wise, Ger, weisen, to show, HEN, gin'i-hen, n. a fowl like the turkey, a distinguished princely family in Italy, and so conu, with wit, and wise.)

of a dark-gray color, with white spots, originally German, and re-transported GUIDEBOOK, gid'book, n. a book of in- | originally from Guinea, in Africa. into Germany in the eleventh century, formation for tourists.

GUINEA-PIG, gin'i-pig, n. a small S. Amerstill, however retaining large possessions GUIDELESSNESS, gid'les-nes, n. the state ican animal, belonging to the Rodentia, in Italy. Welf, son of Isenbrand, Count or condition of being destitute of a guide and somewhat resembling a small pig. of Altorf, one of the vassals of Charle or of wanting a director : want of guid [Prob. a mistake for Guiana-pig.] magne, is said to have been the first to ance. “To fight with poverty and guide GUIPURE, gē-pūr', n, an imitation of anbear the name. It still continues in the lessness."-Kingsley.

tique lace, very durable, equally beautitwo branches of the House of Brunswick GUIDEPOST, gid'post, n. a post erected at ful, and less expensive : a kind of gimp. -the ducal and the royal, to which latter a road-side, to guide the traveller.

[Fr.] the reigning family of Britain belongs.

GUISÉ, giz, n., manner, behaviour: exterAfter the battle of Weinsberg, fought in a screw for directing or regulating cer nal appearance: dress. [Fr. guise; from 1140, against the Waiblingens (Ghibel tain movements.

O. Ger. wisa (Ger. weise), a way, guise, lines), where the name of the head of the GUIDE-TUBE, gid'-tūb, n. in mach, any which is cog. with A.S. wis, wise, wisa, house was given as a rallying cry or contrivance by which a boring-bit or | cause, manner, E. wise, guide.) watchword to his followers, the term be drill is guided, but which consists com- | GUISER, giz'er, n. a person in disguise : a came gradually extended to all the mem monly of a fixed tube to prevent swerv. Christmas mummer. bers of that faction in Italy which aimed at ing.

GUITAR, gi-tär', n. a musical stringed in. national independence and supported the GUIDON, gi'don, n. the little flag or stand strument like the violin in shape, but pope, while that of Ghibelline was given ard of a troop of cavalry; a flag used to larger, and played upon with the fingers. to the supporters of the emperors in their direct the movements of infantry ; a flag [Fr. guitare; from L. cithara-Gr. kithendeavor to subjugate Italy to Germany. used to signal with at sea ; the flag of a ara, a lyre or lute. See CITHERN. The contest lasted for nearly 300 years, guild or fraternity: one who bears a gui- | GULDEN, gööl'den, n. the florin of Austriadesolating both countries. Latterly the don ; a standard-bearer : one of a com Hungary, nominally equal to 50 cents. term was applied to a supporter of demo munity that Charlemagne established GULES, gūlz, n. (her.) a red color, marked cratic principles, and that of Ghibelline to at Rome to guide pilgrims to the Holy in engraved figures by perpendicular an upholder of aristocracy. The terms fell Land. [Fr. See GUIDE.]

lines. [Fr. gueules; of loubtful origin : into disuse towards the end of the fifteenth GUIDONIAN, gwe-do'ni-an, adj. of or acc. to Brachet, from Pers. ghul, a rose; century. (It. gruelfo, O.Ger. hwelfa, O.H. pertaining to Guido Aretino, or to the but acc. to other authorities, it is from Ger. ħwalf, 0. Sax. and A.S. hwelp, hexachordal system of music said to be Fr. gueule-L. gula, the throat, prob. whelp.] introduced by him.

from the color of the open mouth of the GUELFIC, GUELPHIC, gwelf'ik, adj. of GUILD, gild, n. (orig.) an association in a heraldic lion.

or pertaining to the Guelfs.-GUELFIC town where payment was made for mu- GULF, gult, n. a hollow or indentation in ORDER, a Hanoverian order of knight tual support and protection : an associa- | the sea-coast: a deep place in the earth: hood founded in 1815 by George IV., then tion of men for mutual aid : a corpora an abyss : a whirlpool : anything insatiprince regent, and entitled the Royal tion.--GUILD'HALL, n. the hall of a guild able. [Fr. golfe-Late Gr. kolphos, Gr. Hanoverian Guelfic Order. It consists or corporation, esp. in London. (A.S. kolpos, the bosom, a fold, a gult. of grand crosses, commanders, and gild, money, gildan, to pay: it is the GULF, gulf, v.t. to engulf: to absorb or knights, both civil and military. same word as GOLD and GILD.]

swallow up, as in a gulf. Gulfed with GUERDON, gerdun, n. a reward or recom- | GUILE, gil, n. wile : jugglery ; cunning : Proserpine and Tantalus."-Swinburne.

pense. [0. Fr. guerdon, guerredon (It. deceit. [O. Fr. guille, deceit; from a GULF-STREAM, gulf'-strēm, n. a stream guidardone)-Low L. widerdonum, corr. Teut. root, as in A.S. wil, Ice. vel, a or current of warm water, which flows from 0. Ger. widarlon, A.S. widherlean trick. See WILE.]

from the Gulf of Mexico through the widher (same as with-in E. withstand), | GUILE, gil, n. as much liquor as is brewed channel between Cuba and America, against, lean (same as E. loan), reward ; at once.

past the Bermudas, touching the tail of or more prob. the latter part of the word Thee best befits a lowly style,

the great bank of Newfoundland, and is from L. donum, a gift.)

Teach Dennis how to stir the guile.-Swift. thence sweeps onwards towards Europe, GUERILLA, GUERRILLA, ger-rila, n, a GUILEFUL, gil'fool, adj. crafty: deceit part going north, and part returning

mode of harassing an army by small ful.--adv. ĜUILE'FULLY.-n. GUILE'FUL southerly to the tropics. bands adopted by the Spaniards against NESS.

GULF-WEED, gulf'-wēd, n. a genus of seathe French in the Peninsular War, and GUILELESS, gil'les, adj. without deceit: weeds (Sargassum), of the sub- order by Quantrell, Mosby and Morgan during | artless.-adv. GUILE'LESSLY.-n. GUILE Fucaceæ, of which two species, s. vulthe Civil War in this country : a member LESSNESS.

gare and S. bacciferum, are found abunof such a band.-adj. conducted by or | GUILLEMOT, gil'e-mot, n. a genus of dantly in the Atlantic Ocean as well as:


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in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. 1 der: now, generally applied to cannon. | It. gorgogliare, from the same root as They are tropical plants. In the Atlantic [Ety, dub. ; perh. from W. gwn, a bowl, GORGE; cf. GARGLE.) they chiefly occupy a more or less inter gun.]

GURNET, gur'net, GURNARD, gur'nard, rupted space between the 20th and 30th GUN-BARREL, gun'-bar'el, n. the barrel n. a kind of fish. Supposed to be so parallels of north latitude, called the or tube of a gun.

called from the sound it makes when Sargasso Sea, and are also plentiful in GUNBOAT, gun'bot, n. a boat or small taken out of the water ; from 0. Fr. gourthe Gulf-stream, whence the name. The vessei of light draught, fitted to carry nauld-Fr. grogner, to grunt-L. grunS. bacciferum has its specific name from one or more guns.

nio, to grunt.) the numerous grapelike air-vessels by GUN-CARRIAGE, gun'-kar'ij, n. a carriage GUSH, gush, v.i. to flow out with violence which the plant is buoyed. It was first on which a gun or cannon is supported. or copiously.-n. that which flows out : discovered by Columbus.

GUN-COTTON, gun'-kot'n, n. a highly a violent issue of a fluid. [From a Teut. GULFY, gulfi, adj. full of gulfs or whirl explosive substance produced by soaking root, found in Ice. gusa, to gush, A.S. pools.

cotton or any vegetable fibre in nitric geotan, Ger. giessen, akin to Gr. cheo, to To pass the gulfy purple sea that did no sea-rites and sulphuric acids, and then leaving it pour.1 know.-Chapman.

to dry. It has about four times the ex GUSHING, gush'ing, adj. rushing forth GUL-GUL, gul-gul, n. a sort of chunam or plosive force of gunpowder, and is occa with violence, as a liquid: flowing co

cement made of pounded sea-shells mixed sionally used as a substitute for it. piously : effusive.-adv. GUSH'INGLY. with oil, which hardens like a stone, and Gun-cotton explodes without smoke, and GUSSEŤ, gus'et, n. the piece of cloth in a is put over a ship's bottom in India, so does not foul the piece, but when confined shirt which covers the armpit : an anguthat worms cannot penetrate even when in the bore of a rifle it occasionally bursts lar piece of cloth inserted in a garment the copper is off. [Native name.]

the barrel. By dissolving it in a mixture to strengthen some part of it. Fr. gousGULIELMA, gooʻli-el-ma, n. a genus of of rectified ether and alcohol, collodion set, armpit, gusset-gousse, It. guscio, a South American palms, of which G. spe L is obtained.

pod, husk; from the fancied likeness of ciosa or peach-palm is cultivated on the GUNNAGE, gun'āj, n. the number of guns the armpit to the hollow husk of a bean banks of the Amazon and Rio Negro, carried by a ship of war.

or pea.] supplying the natives with food and GUNNER, gup'er, n. one who works a gun | GUST, gust, n. a sudden blast of wind : a other necessaries. It grows to the height or cannon : (naut.) a petty officer who violent burst of passion. [Ice. gustr, of 60 or 80 feet. [After Queen Caroline has charge of the ordnance on board ship. | blast, from root of GUSH.] WHhelmine, wife of Maximilian I. of Ba GUNNERY, gun'er-i, n. the art of manag GUST, gust, GUSTO, gust'o, n. sense of varia.] ing guns, or the science of artillery.

pleasure of tasting : relish : gratification. GULL, gul, n. a web-footed sea-fowl, named GUNNY, gun'i, n, a strong coarse cloth (L. gustus, taste; akin to Gr. geuo, to

from its wailing cry. [Corn, gullan, W. manufactured in India from jute, and make to taste.] groylan, Bret. groelan - Bret. gwela, to used as sacking. [Prob. a native word.) GUSTATORY, gust'a-tor-i, adj. pertaining weep, to cry.]

GUNPOWDER, gun'pow-der, n, an explo to, or tending to please the taste. GULL, gul, v.t. to beguile: to deceive.-n. sive powder used for guns and firearnis. GUSTFUL, gust'fool, adj. attended with

a trick: one easily cheated. [Same word GUNSHOT, gun'sbot, n. the distance to gusts : gusty. "A gustful April morn.” as gull, a sea-fowi, the bird being thought which shot can be thrown from a gun. -Tennyson. stupid.)

adj. caused by the shot of a gun.

GUSTY, gust'i, adj. stormy: tempestuous. GULLET, gulet, n. the throat: the pass- GUNSMITH, gun'smith, n. a smith or work -n. GUST'INESS.

age in the neck by which food is taken man who makes or repairs guns or small GUT, gut, n. the intestinal canal.-v.t. to into the stomach. Fr. goulet, the gullet, arms.

take out the bowels of: to plunder :dim. of 0. Fr. goule, Fr. gueule-L. gula, GUNSTOCK, gun'stok, n. the stock or piece pr.p. gutt'ing; pa.p. gutt'ed. [A.S. gut, the throat.]

of wood on which the barrel of a gun is the orig. sense being channel; cf. A.S. GULLIBLE, gul'i-b), adj. easily gulled or fixed.

geotan, to pour, Prov. E. gut, a drain, deceived.-N. GULLIBIL'ITY.

GUNTER'S CHAIN, gun'terz chân, the 0. Dut. gote, a channel.] FULLY, guli, n. a gullet or channel worn chain in common use for measuring land, GUTTA-PERCHA, gut'a-perch'a, n. the

by running-water.-v.t. to wear a gully having a length of 66 feet, or 22 yards, solidified juice of various trees in the or channel in. A form of GULLET.T

or 4 poles, of 51 ya rds each; and it is Malayan islands. Malay, gatah, guttah, GULP, gulp, v.t. to swallow eagerly or in divided into 100 links vf 7.92 inches each. gum, percha, the tree producing it. ..

large draughts. [Dut. gulpen, to swallow 100,000 square links make one acre. GUTTER, gut'er, n. a channel at the eaves

eagerly, from Dut. gulp, a great draught.) [After Edmund Gunter, the inventor.) of a roof for conveying away the drops: GUM, gum, n. the flesh of the jaws which GÜNTER'S LINE, gun'terz lin, (a) a log a channel for water. -v.t. to cut or form

surrounds the teeth. [A.S. goma; Ice. arithmic line on Gunter's scale, used into small hollows.-v.i, to become holgomr, Ger. gaumen, roof of the mouth, for performing the multiplication and lowed: to run down in drops, as a canpalate.]

division of numbers mechanically by the dle. [Fr. gouttière-goutte-L. gutta, a GUM, gum, n. a substance which exudes dividers-called also LINE OF LINES and drop.J

from certain trees, and hardens on the LINE OF NUMBERS : (b) a sliding scale cor- | GUTTURAL, gut'ur-al, adj. pertaining to surface.-v.t. to smear or unite with responding to logarithms for performing the throat: formed in the throat.-n. gum :-pr.p. gumm'ing ; pa.p. gummed'. these operations by inspection without (gram.) a letter pronounced in the throat.

(Fr. gomme-L. gummi-Gr, kommi.] dividers — called also GUNTER'S SLIDING -adv. GUTTURALLY. (L. guttur, the GUMBO, gum'bo, GOMBO, gom'bo, n. the RULE.

throat. ) name given in the Southern States to GUNTER'S QUADRANT, gun'terz kwod- | GUY, gī, n. (naut.) a rope to guide or Ochraor Okra, the pod of Hibiscus rant, a quadrant made of wood, brass, or steady any suspended weight. (Sp. guia, esculentus : a soup in which this fruit en other substance, being a kind of stereo- | a guide; from the same source as GUIDE. ters largely as an ingredient; also, a dish graphic projection on the plane of the GUY, gi, n. an effigy of Guy Fawkes, made of young capsules of ochra, with equator, the eye being supposed in one dressed up grotesquely on the day of the salt and pepper, stewed and served with of the polés. It is used to find the hour Gunpowder plot : in odd figure. melted butter.

of the day, the sun's azimuth, etc., as GUZZLE, guz), v.i. to eat and drink with GUMBY, gum'bi, n. a kind of drum used also to take the altitude of an object in haste and greediness.-v.t. to swallow by the negroes of the West Indies, made degrees.

with exceeding relish.-n. GUZZ'LER. [O. out of a piece of a hollow tree, about 6 | GUNTER'S SCALE, gun'terz skāl, a large Fr. des-gouziller, to swallow down feet long, with a skin braced over it. It plain scale having various lines upon it, gosier, the throat.] is carried by one man wbile another beats both natural and logarithmic, of great GÜZZLE, guz'l, n. an insatiable thing or it with his open hands. “A squad of use in solving mechanically by means of person; drunken black vagabonds, singing and a slider problems in navigation and sur

That senseless, sensual epicure, playing on gumbies, or African drums.” veying. It is usually 2 feet long, and That sink of filth, that guzzle most impure. -Mich. Scott. about 14 inch broad.

--Marston JUMMIFEROUS, gum-if'er-us, adj., pro- | GUNWALE, gun'el, n. the wale or upper a debauch, especially on drink: drink : ducing gum. (L. gummi, and fero, to edge of a ship's side next to the bulwarks, intoxicating liquors : “Sealed Winchestbear, to produce.)

so called because the upper guns are ers of threepenny guzzle."— Tom Brown, GUMMOUS, gum'us, GUMMY, gum'i, adj. pointed from it. [See WALE.]

GYMNASIUM, jim-pā'zi-um, n. (orig.) a consisting of or resembling gum: pro- | GUP, GUP-SHUP, gup, gup'-shup, n, in place where athletic exercises were prac. ducing or covered with gum.-n. GUMM' British India, gossip: tattle : topics of ticed naked: a school for gymnastics : a INESS. (L. gummosus.]

the time and place : current rumors. school for the higher branches of literaGUN, gun, n. a firearm or weapon, from GURGLE, gur'gl, v.i. to flow in an irregu ture and science :pl. GYMNASIA, jim

which balls or other projectiles are dis lar noisy current, as water from a bottle: nā'zi-a. [L.-Gr. gymnasion-gymnazo, charged, usually by means of gunpowo to make a bubbling sound. (Through an to exercise-gymnos, naked.]


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