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SKEWER

397

SLAV

SKEWER, skū'er, n. a pin of wood or iron of.-v.i. to be on the border : to live near | SLAGGY, slag'i, adj. pertaining to or like

for keeping meat in form while roasting. the extremity. [A doublet of SHIRT. Cf. slag. -v.t. to fasten with skewers. [Prov. Ē. SKIFF and SHIP.T.

SLAIN, slān, pa.p. of SLAY. skiver, prob. the same as SHIVER, a splint SKITTISH, skit'ish, adj. unsteady, light SLAKE, slāk, v.t. to quench: to extinguish: of wood.]

headed, easily frightened: hasty : vola to mix with water.-v.i. to go out: to SKID, skid, n. a piece of timber hung tile, changeable : wanton.-adv. SKITT' become extinct. [Lit. to slacken or make

against a ship's side to protect it from ISHLY.-n. SKITT'ISHNESS. [M.E. sket less active ; it is simply a form of SLACK) injury : a sliding wedge or drag to check Ice. skjotr, quick, hasty, conn, with root SLAM, slam, v.t. or v.i. to shut with viothe wheel of a wagon on a steep place : of Shoot.]

lence and noise :-pr.p. slamm'ing ; pa.t. a slab put below a gun to keep it off the SKITTLES, skit'lz, n.pl. a game in which and pa.p. slammed. n. the act of slamground.-v.t. to check with a skid. (A.S. wooden pins are shot or knocked down ming : the sound so made. (From the scide, a piece split off, a billet of wood with a wooden ball : ninepins : in the sound.] scidan, to cleave.]

U. S., the game is usually played with | SLANDER, slan'der, n. a false or maliSKIFF, 'skif, n. a small light boat. [A | ten pins, and is often called tenpins. | cious report : defamation by words : cadoublet of SHIP.] [From root of SKITTISH.]

lumny.-v.t. to defame : to calumniate. SKILL, skil, n. knowledge of anything : SKULK, skulk, v.i. to sneak out of the -n. SLAN'DERER. (M.E. sclaunder-Fr.

dexterity in practice.-(B.) v.i. to under way: to lurk.-n. SKULK'ER. [Scand., as esclandre-L. scandalum-Gr. skandalon. stand. Lit."separation,'' o discrimina Dan. skulke, to sneak, conn. with Ice. See SCANDAL.] tion," prob. first from the Scand., as Ice. skjol, cover, hiding-place; also with E. SLANDEROUS, slan'der-us, adj. given to skil, and skilja (verb), cog. with A.S. scy SCOWL.)

or containing slander : calumnious.-lan, to separate.]

SKULL, skul, n. the bony case that in adv. SLAN'DEROUSLY. SKILLED, skild, adj. having skill: skillful: closes the brain: the head. [Ice, and Dan. SLANG, slang, n. low language. [Ety. expert.

skal, a shell: conn. with SHELL and SCALE. dub.] SKILLET, skil'et, n. a small metal vessel a thin plate. The fundamental idea is SLANT, slant, adj., sloping: oblique : in.

with a long handle, used for boiling that of a thin plate or case, with which a clined from a direct line.-n. a slope.water, in cooking, etc. [Prob. from O. body is covered, or in which anything is v.t. to turn in a sloping direction. -rii Fr. escuellette, dim. of escuelle (Fr. écuelle) contained.]

to slope. [Scot, sclent, Prov. E. slen, to -L. scutella, dim. of scutra, a dish. See SKULLCAP, skul'kap, n. a cap which fits slope, allied to Sw. slinta, to slide.] SCULLERY.]

closely to the skull or head.

SLANTLY, slant'li, SLANTWISE, slant'. SKILLFUL, skil'fool, adj. having or dis- SKUNK, skungk, n. a small N. American wiz, adv. in a sloping, oblique, or inclined

playing skill: dexterous. — adv. SKILL'- | carnivorous quadruped allied to the otter manner. FULLY.-n. SKILL'FULNESS.

and weasel, which defends itself by emit SLAP, slap, n. a blow with the hand or SKIM, skim, v.t. to clear off scum : to take ting a most offensive fluid. [Contr. from anything flat.-v.t. to give a slap to : off by skimming: to brush the surface of the Indian segunku.]

pr.p. slapp'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. slapped. lightly.-v.i. to pass over lightly: to SKY, skī, n. the apparent canopy over our -adv. with a slap: suddenly, violently, glide along near the surface : - pr.p. heads: the heavens: the weather. [Dan., [Allied to Low Ger. slappe, Ger. schlappe: skimm'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. skimmed. Sw., and Ice. sky, a cloud ; akin to A.S. from the sound.) SA by-form of Scum.]

scua, Gr. skia, a shadow, Sans. sku, to SLAPDASH, slap'dash, adv. in a bold, care, SKIMMER, skim'er, n. a utensil for skim cover.]

less way. [From SLAP and Dash.) ming milk.

SKY-BLUE, ski-bloo, adj., blue like the SLASH, slash, v.t. to cut by striking with SKIM-MILK, skim'-milk, n., skimmed milk: sky.

violence and at random : to make long milk from which the cream has been SKYEY, ski'i, adj. like the sky : ethereal. cuts. -v.i. to strike violently and at ranskimmed.

SKYLARK, ski'lärk, n. a species of lark dom with an edged instrument.-n. a long SKIN, skin, n. the natural outer covering that mounts high towards the sky and cut: a cut at random : a cut in cloth to of an animal body: a hide : the bark or sings on the wing.

show colors through the openings. [Ice. rind of plants, etc.-v.t. to cover with SKYLARKING, ski'lärk-ing, n. running slasa, to strike: from the sound. skin : to cover the surface of: to strip about the rigging of a ship in sport: SLATE, slāt, n. a well-known stone which the skin from, to peel.-v.i. to be covered frolicking. (From SKY, and LARK, a splits into thin plates: a rock or stone of with a skin :pr.p. skinn'ing ; pa.t. and game.]

a slaty structure : a piece of slate for pa.p. skinned. -n. SKINN'ER. A.S. scinn, SKYLIGHT, skī'līt, n. a window in a roof or roofing, or for writing upon. - v.t. to cog. with Ice. skinn, skin, Ger. schinden, ceiling towards the sky for the admission cover with slate. — n. SLATER. [M.E. to flay. of light.

sclat-0. Fr. esclat, from 0. Ger. skleizan, SKIN-DEEP, skin'-dēp, adj. as deep as the SKY-ROCKET, ski'-rok'et, n. a rocket that Ger. schleiszen, to split.] skin only : superficial.

ascends high' towards the sky and burns | SLATE-PENCIL, slāt'-pen'sil, n. a pencil SKINFLINT, skin'flint, n. one who takes as it flies.

of soft slate, or for writing on slate. the smallest gains, who would, as it were, | SKYSAIL, ski'sāl, n. the sail above the SLATING, slāt'ing, n. the act of covering even skin a flint: a very niggardly per“royal."

with slates : a covering of slates : mason.

SKY-SCRAPER, ski'-skrāp'er, n. a skysail terials for slating. SKINNY, skin'i, adj. consisting of skin or of a triangular shape.

SLATTERN, slat'ern, n. a woman sluttish of skin only: wanting flesh.-n. SKINN' SKYWARD, ski'ward, adv., toward the sky. and negligent of her dress : an untidy

SLAB, slab, n. a thin slip of anything, esp. woman. [Allied to Low Ger. sluddern, SKIP, skip, v.i. to leap: to bound lightly of stone, having plane surfaces : a piece Dut. slodderen, to hang and flap; prob.

and joyfully: to pass over.-v.t. to leap sawed from a log. [W. yslab, llab, a thin from the flapping sound of loose, untidy over : to omit :-pr.p. skipp'ing; pa.t. slip. )

clothing: conn. with SLUT.] and pa.p. skipped.-n. a light leap: a SLABBER, slab'er, v.i. to slaver : to let the SLATTERNLY, slat'ern-li, adj. like a slatbound: the omission of a part. [Either saliva fall from the mouth: to drivel. tern : negligent of person : slovenly : Celt., conn. with W. cip, a sudden effort, v.t. to wet by saliva.-n. SLABB'ERER. [Al dirty : sluttish.- adv. negligently : unand Gael. sgiab, to move suddenly, or lied to Low Ger. and Dut. slabbern ; from tidily. Teut., conn. with Ice, skopa, to run.] the sound. Doublet SLAVER.]

SLATY, slāt'i, adj. resembling slate : havSKIPPER, skip'er, n. the master of a mer SLACK, slak, adj. lax or loose : not firmly ing the nature or properties of slate.

chant-ship. "[Lit. “a skipper or sailor,” extended or drawn out: not holding fast: SLAUGHTER, slaw'ter, n. a slaying or

Dut. schipper, Dan. skipper. See SHIP.) | weak: not eager or diligent: inattentive: killing : a great destruction of life : carSKIPPING-ROPE, skip'ing-rõp, n. a rope not violent or rapid : slow.-adv. in a' nage : butchery.-v.t. to slay : to kill for used in skipping.

slack manner : partially: insufficiently. the market: to destroy by violence (as SKIRMISH, sker'mish, n. an irregular fight -adv. SLACK'LY.-n. SLACK'NESS. [A.S. numbers): to massacre.-n. SLAUGH'TERbetween two small parties : a contest. sleac, cog. with Sw. slak, Ice, slakr. 1

ER. [Ice. slatr, prob. influenced by A.S. v.i. to fight slightly or irregularly. [M.E. SLACK, slak, SLACKEN, slak'n, v.i. to be sleaht: both are from root of SLAY.] scarmish-Fr. escarmouche-0. Ger. sker come loose or less tight: to be remiss: to SLAUGHTERHOUSE, slaw'ter-hows, n. a man, to fight, Ger. schirmen.]

abate : to become slower : to fail or flag. house where beasts are slaughtered or SKIRMISHER, sker'mish-er, n. a soldier -v.t. to make less tight: to loosen: to killed for the market.

belonging to troops dispersed to cover relax: to remit: to abate : to withhold : SLAUGHTERMAN, slaw'ter-man, n. a man

front or flank, and prevent surprises. to use less liberally: to check : (B.) to I. employed in slaughtering, killing, or SKIRT, skert, n. the part of a garment | delay.

butchering animals. below the waist : a woman's garment | SLAG, slag, n. vitrified cinders from smelt SLAUGHTEROUS, slaw'ter-us, adj. given like a petticoat: the edge of any part of

to slaughter : destructive : murderous. the dress : border : margin : extreme (Low Ger. slagge, Ger. schlacke-schlagen, SLAV, SLAVE, släv, n. the name of the part.-v.t. to border : to form the edge to cast off, Ice, slagga, to flow over.] peoples inhabiting E. Europe. — adj.

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SOCIALIZE

401

SOLITUDE

association for that of competition.-n. -soir, evening Prov. sera)-L. serus, SOLEMNIZE, sol'em-niz, v.t. to perform SO'CIALIST, an adherent of socialism. late.)

religiously or solemnly once a year, or SOCIALIZE, sõ'shal-iz, v.t. to reduce to a SOJOURN, sõ'jurn, v.t. to stay for a day : periodically: to celebrate : to render social state : to render social.

to dwell for a time. — n. a temporary grave. ns. SOL'EMNIZER, SOLEMNIZA'SOCIETY, So-si'e-ti, n. a number of per residence.-n. SO'JOURNER. (Fr. séjourn TION.

sons associated for a common interest : a er-L. sub, and Low L. jornus-L. di- SOL-FA, sõl-fä', v.i. to sing the notes cf community or partnership : the civilized urnus, relating to day-dies, a day.] : the gamut, do, re, mi, fa, sol, etc. :-pr.p. body of mankind: persons who associate: SOLACE, sol'ās, n., consolation, comfort sol-fa'ing. a religious or ecclesiastical body. [L. in distress : relief.-v.t. to comfort in

SOLFEGGIO, sol-fej'i-o, n..(music.) an exsocietas-socius, a companion.]

distress : to console : to allay. 10. Fr. ercise on the notes of the scale as repreSOCINIAN, so-sin'i-an, adj. pertaining to -L. solatium-solor, -atus, to comfort in

sented by do, re, mi, etc. [It.] Socinus, who in the 16th century denied distress.]

SOLICIT, so-lis'it, v.t. to ask earnestly : to the doctrine of the Trinity, the deity of SOLAN-GOOSE, so'lan-gõõs, n. the gan petition : to seek or try to obtain. [Fr. Christ, etc.-n. SOCIN'IANISM, the doc net. [Ice. sula.)

solliciter-L. sollicito-sollicitus. See Sotrines of Socinus.

SOLAR, sõʻlar, adj. pertaining to the sun: LICITOUS. SOCIOLOGY, sõ-shi-ol'o-ji, n. the science measured by the progress of the sun: SOLICITANT, so-lis'it-ant, n. one who so

that treats of the conditions and develop produced by the sun. [L. solaris-sol, licits. ment of human society, including ethics, the sun.]

SOLICITATION, so-lis-i-tā'shun, n. a solicpolitics, political economy, etc. — adj. SOLD, sõld, pa.t. and pa.p. of SELL. [A.S. iting : earnest request : invitation. [L. SOCIOLOG'ICAL. (A hybrid from L. socius, sealde, seald.]

sollicitatio.] a companion, and Gr. logos, science.] SOLDER, solder, v.t. to unite two metal. SOLICITOR, so-lis'it-or, n. one who asks SOCK, sok, n. a kind of half-stocking : lic surfaces by a fusible metallic cement: earnestly: one who is legally qualified to comedy. [Orig. a low-heeled light shoe,

to cement. - n. a metallic cement for act for another in a court of law.-n. worn by actors of comedy, A.S. SOCC

uniting metals. (Lit. "to make solid," SOLICITOR - GENERAL, in England, the L. soccus.]

0. Fr. solider, solder (Fr. souder) — L. second law-officer of the crown. [Fr. SOCKET, sok'et, n. a hollow into which solidare, to make solid-solidus, solid.] solliciteur-solliciter. See SOLICIT.]

something is inserted : the hollow of a SOLDIER, sõl'jer, n. a man engaged in SOLICITOUS, so-lis'it-us, adj., soliciting or candlestick. [From SOCK.)

military service: a private, as distin earnestly asking or desiring: very desirSOCRATIC, so-krat'ik, SOCRATICAL, so guished from an officer: a man of much ous : anxious : careful.-adv. SOLIC'IT

krat'ik-al, adj. pertaining to Socrates, a military experience or of great valor. OUSLY. (Lit. “ thoroughly moved," L. celebrated Greek philosopher, to his phil (Lit. “one who serves for pay," M.E. sollicitus-sollus (see SOLEMN), and citus, osophy, or to his manner of teaching, souldier-0. Fr. soldier (Fr. soldat)-L. pa.p. of cieo.] which was by a series of questions lead solidus, a piece of money, the pay of a SOLICITUDE, so-lis'i-tūd, n. state of being ing to the desired result.-adv. SOCRAT soldier.]

solicitous: anxiety or uneasiness of mind: ICALLY.

SOLDIERLIKE, sõl'jer-lik, SOLDIERLY, trouble. [Fr. sollicitude-L. sollicitudo.] SOD, sod, n. any surface of earth grown sõl'jer-li, adj., like a soldier : martial : SOLID, sol'id, adj. having the parts firmly with grass, etc. : turf. — adj. consisting brave.

adhering: hard : compact: full of matof sod.-v.t. to cover with sod. [Low SOLDIERSHIP, sõl'jer-ship, n., state or ter: not hollow: strong: having length, Ger. sode, Ger. sode; perb. connected quality of being a soldier: military qual breadth, and thickness (opp. to a mere with sod, pa.t. of SEETHE, and thus orig. ities : martial skill.

surface): cubic : substantial : weighty. sig. “ fuel for making the pot boil."] SOLDIERY, sõl'jer-i, n., soldiers collect

-n, a substance having the parts firmly SOD, sod, pa.t. of SEETHE.

ively: the body of military men.

adhering together: a firm, compact body, SODA, sõ'da, n. oxide of the metal sodium. SOLE, sõl, n. the lowest part or under side opposed to fluid. adv. SOL'IDLY. — n.

[Sp. soda (It. soda, Fr. soude)-L. solida, of the foot: the foot: the bottom of a SOL'IDNESS. [L. solidus, akin to 0. Lat. firm, because found in hard masses.]

boot or shoe : the bottom of anything. sollus, Gr. holos, whole, Sans. sarvas, all. SODA-WATER, sõ'da-waw'ter, n., water v.t. to furnish with a sole. A.S.-L. Cf. SOLEMN.]

containing soda charged with carbonic solea-solum, the lowest part. See SOIL, SOLIDARITY, sol-i-dar'i-ti, n. the being acid. the ground.]

made solid or compact: the being bound: SODDEN, sod'n, obs. pa.p. of SEETHE. SOLE, sõl, n. a genus of flat-fish which keep a consolidation, or oneness of interests. SODDY, sod'i, adj. covered with sod: turfy. on or near the bottom of the sea. [Fr. [Fr. solidarité - solidaire, jointly and SODIUM, sõ'di-um, n. a yellowish-white sole-L. solea.]

severally liable-solide-L, solidus. metal, the base of soda.

SOLE, sõl, adj., alone : only : being or SOLIDIFICATION, so-lid-i-fi-kā'shun, n. SODOMITE, sod'om-īt, n. an inhabitant of acting without another : single: (law) act of making solid or hard.

Sodom : one guilty of sodomy. - adj. unmarried. - N. SOLE'NESS. IL. solus, SOLIDIFY, so-lid'i-fī, v.t. to make solid or SODOMIT’ICAL.-adv. SODOMIT’ICALLY alone. Cf. SOLO.)

compact.-v.i. to grow solid : to harden: SODOMY, sod'om-i, n. unnatural lust, so SOLECISM, sol'e-sizm, n. a breach of syn -pa.p. solid'ified. Fr. solidifier-L. soli

called because imputed to the inhabitants tax : any absurdity or impropriety. (Fr. dus, facio, to make.] of Sodom.

-soloikos, speaking incorrectly, awk SOLIDITY, So-lid'i-ti, n. a being solid: fullSOFA, sõ'fa, n. a long seat with stuffed solécisme-L. solocismus-Gr. soloikismos ness of matter : strength or firmness, bottom, back, and arms. (Fr.-Ar. suffa ward ; said to come from the corruption · moral or physical : soundness : (geom.) -saffa, to arrange or set in order.]

of the Attic dialect among the Athenian the solid content of a body. SOFT, soft, adj. easily yielding to pressure: colonists of Soloi in Cilicia, but this is SOLILOQUIZE, so-lil'o-kwiz, v.i. to speak easily cut or acted upon : malleable: not very improb. (Liddell and Scott).]

to one's self or utter a soliloquy. rough to the touch: smooth: pleasing or SOLECIST, sol'e-sist, n. one who commits SOLILOQUÝ, So-lil'o-kwe, n. a talking soothing to the senses: easily yielding to solecisms.

when solitary or to one's self: a discourse any influence: mild : gentle: effeminate: | SOLECISTIC, sol-e-sist'ik, SOLECISTIC of a person, not addressed to any one. gentle in motion : easy : free from lime AL, -al, adj. pertaining to or involving a [L. soliloquium-solus, alone, and loqui, or salt, as water.-adv. gently : quietly. solecism : incorrect : incongruous.-adv. to speak.) adv. - SOFT'LY. - n. SOFT'NESS. [A.S. SULECIST'ICALLY.

SOLIDED, sol'i-ped, n. an animal with a sefte; cog. with Dut. saft, Ger. sanft.] SOLELY, sõl’li, adv., alone: only: singly. single or uncloven hoof on each foot. SOFTEN, sof'n, v.t. to make soft or softer. SOLEMN, sol'em, adj. (lit.) taking place

[L, solus, alone, pes, pedis, a foot.] -v.i. to grow soft or softer.-n. SOFT' every year, said especially of religious SOLITAIRE, sol-i-tār', n. a recluse or one ENER. ceremonies: attended with religious

who lives alone : a game played by one SOIL, soil, n. the ground: the mould on

ceremonies, pomp, or gravity : impress

person with a board and balls: an ornathe surface of the earth which nourishes ing with seriousness : awful : devout : ment worn singly on the neck or wrist, plants: country. [Fr. sol – L. solum, having the appearance of gravity : de SOLITARY, sol'i-tar-i, adj. being the sole conn. with solidus, solid. It has been

votional : attended with an appeal to person present: alone or lonely : single : much confused with the following God, as an oath : serious.-adv. SOL'EMN living alone : without company: remote word.]

LY.-n. SOL'EMNNESS. [Fr. solennel, It. from society: retired : gloomy.-n. one SOIL, soil, n. dirt: dung: foulness: a spot

solenne, L. sollemnis, solennis-Oscan sol who lives alone: a recluse or hermit.or stain.-v.t. to make dirty : to stain : lus, all, every, L. annus, a year. See adv. SOL'ITARILY.-n. SOL'ITARINESS. [Fr. to manure.-v.i. to take a soil : to tar SOLID.]

solitaire-L. solitarius-solus, alone.] nish. Fr. souille, wallowing-place-L. SOLEMNITY, so-lem'ni-ti, n. a solemn re- SOLITUDE, sol'i-tūd, n. a being alone : a suillus, piggish-sus, a pig, a hog.]

ligious ceremony: a ceremony adapted lonely life : want of company : a lonely SOIRÉE, swä'rā, n. an evening party : a to inspire with awe : reverence : serious place or desert. [Fr.-L. solitudo-solus, public meeting with refreshments. [Fr. Dess : affected gravity.

alone.]

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