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NOLMIZATION, NOL - mi-a'shun, n., sol i ng or causing sleep. L. somnus, sleep, to sophistry: fallaciously subtle.-adv. faingin merital of the notes of the gamut, and fero, to bring.)

SOPHIST'ICALLY. [Gr. sophistikos.] SOMNOLENCE, som'no-lens, SOMNO- SOPHISTICATE, so-fist'i-kāt, v.t. to render BOL), ('jo, m, a musical plece performed LENCY, som'no-len-bi, n., sleepiness : sophistical, or unsound : to corrupt by

lry only one voice or instrument pl. 1 inclination to sleep. (L. somnolentia mixture. MOTAW, n.HO'LINT, (14.-L. solun, nlone.] somnus, sleep.]

SOPHISTICATION, so-fist-i-kā'shun, n. act HOLITICEC, Boletin, n, that point in the

SOMNOLENT, som'no-lent, adj., sleepy or of sophisticating, adulterating, or injuruliptio where the sun is farthost from inclined to sleep. [L. somnolentus.)

ing by mixture. the equator, and Heems to stand still : SON, sun, n, a male child or descendant: SOPHISTRY, sof'ist-ri, n. specious but fal the time when the sun roucher this point. any young male person spoken of as a lacious reasoning. Ilir nolulitlum --nol, the sun, and ulato,

child: a term of affection generally : a SOPORIFEROUS, sop-or-if'er - us, adj., I to make to standato, to stand.)

disciple : a native or inhabitant: the bringing, causing, or tending to cause HOWTITIAL., moletinh'al, ad). pertaining

produco of anything. [A.S. sunu ; Ger. sleep : sleepy. [L. sopor, soporis, sleep, to or lappening at a solatioe, onp, at the

sohn, Runs, siin: Sans, sanu--su, to be and fero, to bring.) month one,

get, bring forth; conn. with Gr. huios, SOPORIFIC, sop-or-if'ik, adj., making or HOLUBILITY, Hol-o-bII'I-11, n. onpability |

I Non.)

causing sleep.--nanything that causes of being lanolved in a fuld.

SONATA, NO-na'ta, n. a musical composi- sleep. [Fr. soporifique-L. sopor, sleep, HOLUBLIC, Mola bi, ad, capable of being

tion for one or more instruments, con- || and facio, to make. ] wolwell or limnoloer in a muld. L.. nolu

misting of three or more movements or SOPPY, sop'i, adj., sopped or soaked in bilin, Mee Morvid,

divisions. fit.-L. sono, to sound.) | liquid. HOLUTION, Hol-o'whun, m. act of solving

SONG, song, n. that which is sung: a short SOPRANIST, so-prä'nist, n. a singer of soor linaolving, emp, a solid by a fluid: the

poom or ballad: the melody to which it prano. sepuuting of the parts of any body:

is adapted: a poem, or poetry in general: SOPRANO, so-prä'no, n. the highest kind the preparation resulting from dissolv.

the notes of birds: a mere trifle : (B.) | of female voice : air :-pl. SOPRA'NOS or INK A wolid in aliquid explanation : ra

an object of derision. [A.S. song, sang; SOPRA'NI. [Lit. “superior," It., from moval of a doubt i construction or solv

Ger. (e-sang, Goth. saggus, Ice. söngr; sopra-L. supra or super, above.] ing of a problem. (I. solutio-solvo,

from root of Sing.)

SORCERER, sor'ser-er, n. one who pracnolutumn, to loonen.]

SONGSTER, song'ster, n. a singer or one tices sorcery: an enchanter: a magician.

skilled in singing ; esp. a bird that sings: -fem. SOR'CERESS. [Fr. sorcier-Low L. MOI.VARLIC, Holv'u-bl, ad/. onpable of be- ||

sortiarius-L. sors, sortis, a lot.) ing molive

-fem. SonG'STRICSS. (A.S. sangestre, from
or explained: onpuble of being

SORCERY, sor'ser-i, n. divination by the paid. 1. HOIVANILITY. Ir-.. solto),

SON-IN-LAW, sun'-in-law, n. the husband assistance of evil spirits : enchantment: to dissolve, pay.

L of one's daughter. HOLVI, Nolv, 0.6 to loosen or separate the

magic. [Lit. “ casting lots," 0. Fr. sorSONNET, son'et, n. a short song or poem cerie-L. sortior, to cast lots-sors, sortis, p in ofto clear up or explain to lose

of fourteen lines, with varying rhymes. a lot.) inove, - *, Hon.VIR, 11. Noli), to loosen,

(Fr.-It. sonetto, dim. of sono, a sound, SORDID, sordid, adj. vile : mean : meanly proh, from me, anide, and fuo, to loosen.) NOIVINOY, molven-al, #, state of being

song . Sonu8, a sound.)

avaricious.--adv. SOR'DIDLY.-N. SOR'DIDSONNETEER, son-et-ör', n. a composer of NESS. [Fr. sordide-L. sordidus-sordeo, Nealerul, or able to pay all dobta. nonnets.

to be dirty.] HODINT, solv'ont, ad, having power to

SONOROUS, SO-no'rus, adj., sounding | SORE, sör, n. a wound : an ulcer or boil : maleve or dissolv: able to pay all debts

when struck: giving a clear, loud sound: (B.) grief, affliction.-adj. wounded : ten#, anything that involve another. [I.

high sounding.ado. SONOʻROUSLY.-N. der : susceptible of pain : easily pained volen, euria, prip, of solen, to loosen,

SONOʻROURNIA. [L. sonorussonor or or grieved: (B.) severe.-adv. (B.) same

NONUS, & sound - sono, to sound. See as SORE'LY.-9. SORE'NESS. [A.S. sar, a NOALTRI, Mom'ber, and dull: gloomy:


wound; cog. with Ger. sehr (orig. painmelancholy, ---#. NOMBRINCAN, Lit."un

SONSMP, sun'ship, n, state or character fully), very, Ice. sar, wound, sore, pain. cor i alde,Fra br. Sp. Nombra, a of a son,

See SORRY.) do wwb, under, sombrvi, a shade.)

SOON, soon, adı, immediately or in a short SORELY, sörli, adı, in & sore manner : NO , Num, a. denoting an indefinite time: without delay : early: readily: grievously.

willingly. [A.S, sona, cog. with Goth. SORREL, sorel, n. a plant of a sour taste, fan from other moderate or in a cer Suns, immediately, soon.]

allied to the dock. Fr. surelle-sur, sour; in degroot about AS swm; (loth. | SOOT, soot, n. the black powder condensed from Ger. saner, A.S. sur, sour.]

from smoke. [A.S. and Ice, sot; Dan. SORREL, sor'el, adj. of a readish-brown NOVINUD. sum'bodi. M. Sme or any &xxi1

color.-9. a sorrel or reddish-brown color. Innu ar person : # person of importance, SOOTH, sooth, n. truth, reality. - adj. [Fr. saure, sorrel ; of uncertain origin.] NOUNOW, sum'how, ode in some way true : plevsing. (AS soth, true ; Ice. SORROW, sor', n. pain of mind : grief:

Sinnr, true, Goth. sunes: conn. with Gr. atlliction.-r.i. to feel sorrow or pain of NUNNAULT, aument, SOMERSET.

ex Sans, wat eis, true.

mind: to grieve. [A.S. sorg, sorh ; cog. **opet, te leesp in which #pen SOOTUE, 3A, et. to please with soft with Ger. sorge, Ice. sorg, and perhaps trax with his heel eren his head curr, words; to flatter: to soften. - adr. allied to SORE. Wir want, It, Yayawla SOOTHINULY, (Lit. "to please any one SORROWFUL, sor'o-fool, adj. full of sorm , Verwalthex, alexap r o lewe )

row: causing, showing, or expressing NOTEINING, sum'thing, H. an indefinite Wonisas tree"," AS gemilern, to soothe, sorrow:sad: dejected.-adr. SORR'OW. ! !፡፡ ፍ ት ዮ ምክር : % ያድን ፡ ነህ, ልበ አልነetisite | .

FULLY.-N. SORR'OWFULNESS. ventily het in 14 Be **,

SOTUS.IY, silith is, to foretell.RS SORRY, sori, ailj. grieved for something N ETIAN summu, sede # time noti Sex USAYXA, SETHSAYING (Lit. "to past : melancholy : por: worthless. I N orth the ****.")

aur. SORR'ILY. - N. SORR'NESS [AS. Swain nua wife at certain SOTT. S i li pralucing, consisting sure wounded, sorrowiui: 0. Dut. NY them at one time of onning or line - Suri Q : conn. with SORE, but has come

to the garded as the adj. of SORROW.] N IEWIAT.xunu hwt. Men an until SAP, M. anything dipper er ty?, ! SONT, sort, n. a nurin of persons or

things having like quiries: class, kind, toy, -- twstepinern or ies: orier or rank: manner.-r..

to sparate into lots or Cins: to put

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SOTERIOLOGY, sõ-te-ri-ol'o-ji, n. (theol.) | the sun appears at noon to the people, a space of time.-v.1. to measure by spans:

the doctrine of salvation by Jesus Christ. I N, of the Tropic of Cancer : any land op to measure : to embrace :-pr.p. spann'[Gr. sötērios, saving, sõtēr, saviour, and posite the N.-adj. lying towards the ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. spanned. [A.S. logos, discourse.]

south.-adv. towards the south. [A.S. spann-spannan; cog. with Ger. spannen, SOTTISH, sot'ish, adj. like a sot: foolish : sudh ; Ger. süd (whence Fr. sud), Ice. L. pando (for spando). See SPACE.) stupid with drink.-adv. SOTT'ISHLY.--n. sudr, prob. from root of Sun.]

| SPAN, span, n. a yoke of horses or oxen. SOTT'ISHNESS. SOUTH-EAST, sowth-ēst', n. the direction

[Borrowed from Dut.; from the same root SOU, soo, n. a French copper coin t h equally distant from the south and east. as above word.)

of a franc, or about one cent. [Fr. sou ; SOUTH-EAST, sowth-ēst', SOUTH-EAST SPANDREL, span'drel, n. the irregular tri. It. soldo-L. solidus, a coin.] ERLY, sowth-ēst'er-li, SOUTH-EAST

angular space between the span or curve SOUCHONG, sõõ-shong', n. a fine sort of ERN, sowth-ēst'ern, adj. pertaining to, of an arch and the inclosing right angle. black tea.

in the direction of, or coming from the [From SPAN.] SOUGH, sõõch (ch guttural), v.i. to whistle south-east.

SPANGLE, spang'gl, n, a small, thin plate or sigh, as the wind.-n. a sighing of the SOUTHERLY, suth'er - li, SOUTHERN,

or boss of shining metal: anything sparkwind. (From the sound.]

suth'ern, adj. pertaining to, situated in, ling and brilliant, like a spangle. -v.t. to SOUGHT, sawt, pa.t. and pa.p. of SEEK. or proceeding from or towards the south, adorn with spangles. - v.i. to glitter. SOUL, sól, n. that part of man which --superl. SOUTH'ERNMOST, SOUTHMOST,

[A.S. spange, a clasp, being prob. conn. thinks, feels, desires, etc. : the seat of sowth'most, most southern, furthest to

with SPAN; cog. with Ger. spange, Ice. Jife and intellect: life: essence: internal | wards the south.

spöng.] power : energy or grandeur of mind : a SOUTHERNWOOD, suth'ern-wood, n. an SPANIARD, span'yard, n. a native of Spain. human being, a person. (M.E. saule aromatic plant of Southern Europe, SPANIEL, span'yel, n. a kind of dog, usuA.S. sawol ; Ger. seele, Goth. saivala.) closely allied to wormwood.

ally liver and wbite colored, and with SOULED, sõld, adj. full of soul or feeling. SOUTHWARD, sowth'ward or .suth'ard,

large pendent ears, once supposed to be SOULLESS, sõlles, adj. without a soul or adv., toward the south.

of Spanish origin. [O. Fr, espagneul nobleness of mind : mean : spiritless. SOUTH-WEST, sowth-west', n. the direc

(Fr. épagmeul), Spanish.] SOUND, sownd, adj. safe, whole, entire: tion equally distant from the south and

SPANISH, span'ish, adj. of or pertaining perfect: healtny, strong: profound: cor west.

to Spain.-n. the language of Spain. rect: orthodox : weighty.-adv. SOUND' | SOUTH - WEST, sowth - west', SOUTH

SPANKER, spang'ker, n. the after-sail of a LY.-n. SOUND'NESS. (A.S. sund, gesund; WESTERLY, sowth-west'er-li, SOUTH

ship or bark, so called from its flapping cog, with Ger. gesund, allied to L. sanus, WESTERN, sowth-west'ern, adj. per

in the breeze. [From Prov. E. spank, to sound, Gr. saos, sās, safe and sound.) taining to, proceeding from, or lying in

flap, to move quickly.] SOUND, Sownd, n. a narrow passage of the direction of the south-west.

SPAR, spär, n. a rafter: a general term water: a strait. [A.S. sund, a swimming, SOUTHWESTER, Sow-west'er, n. a storm

for masts, yards, booms, and gaffs, etc. a narrow arm of the sea, from svimman, or gale from the south-west: a painted

[Ice, sparri, Dut. spar; prob. conn. with to swim ; cog, with Ger. sund, a strait.) canvas hat with a broad flap behind for

BAR.) SOUND, sownd, n. the air or swimming the neck.

SPAR, spär, n. a mineral which is perfectbladder of a fish. [A.S. sund, swimming.) | SOUVENIR, soov'nēr, n. a remembrancer.

ly crystalline. [A.S. spær(-stan), gypSOUND, sownd, v.i. to make a noise : to [Fr. (It. sovvenire)-L. subvenire, to come

sum, perh. from the spar or spear form, utter a voice : to spread.-v.t. to cause up, to come to mind-sub, under, from

it assumes ; cf. Ger, spar(-kalk).] to make a noise : to utter audibly : to under, and venio, venire, to come.] direct by a sound or audible signal: to SOVEREIGN, sov'er-in, adj., supreme:

SPAR, spär, v.i. to box with the hands : to publish audibly.-n, the impression pro possessing supreme power or dominion :

fight with showy action : to dispute: duced on the ear by the vibrations of air: superior to all others : utmost.-n. a su

pr.p. sparr'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. sparred. noise : report: empty or meaningless preme ruler : a monarch: an English

-n. SPARR'ER. [O. Fr, esparer, Fr. noise. M. E. sounen-Fr. sonner-L. gold coin-$4.86, gold standard. (M.E.

éparer, to kick out, from root of PARRY.] sono; cog. with O. Ger. svana, Sans. svan, soveraine-Fr. souverain-Low L. super

SPARE, spār, v.t. to use frugally: to do to sound.] anus-L. super, supra, above.]

without: to save from any use: to withSOUND, sownd, v.t, to measure the depth SOVEREIGNTY, sov'er-in-ti, n. supreme

hold from: to treat tenderly: to part of, esp. with a line and plummet: to probe: power : dominion. [Fr. souveraineté.]

with willingly.-v.i. to be frugal: to for. to try to discover a man's secret wishes, SÓW, sow, n. a female pig: an oblong

bear: to be tender: to forgive. [A.S. etc.: to test : to introduce an instrument piece of metal larger than a pig. [A.S.

sparian ; cog. with Ger. sparen ; allied into the bladder to examine it.-v.i. to su, sugu; cog. with Ger. sau, Ice. syr ; also to L. par-co (for spar-co).] use the line and lead in ascertaining the L. sus, Gr. hys; conn. with SWINE.]

SPARE, spār, adj., sparing: frugal : depth of water.-n. an instrument to dis- SOW, ső, v.t. to scatter seed that it may

scanty: lean : superfluous.-n. SPARE'cover stone in the bladder. [Fr. sonder, grow: to plant by strewing: to scatter

NESS. to sound; acc. to Diez, from Low L. sub seed over to spread.-v.i. to scatter

SPARERIB, spār'rib, n. a piece of meat undare, to put under the wave-L. sub, seed for growth :-pa.p, sown and sowed.

consisting of the ribs with a spare or under, unda, a ware.]

-n. Sow'ER. [A.S. sawan ; Ger. säen,

small amount of flesh. SOUNDING, sownd'ing, n. the ascertain Ice. sa, Goth. saian ; akin to L. sero (for SPARING, spār'ing, adj. scarce : scanty: ing the depth of water :-pl, any part of seso). See SEED.)

saving. the ocean where a sounding-line will SPA, spaw, n. a place where there is a

SPARK, spärk, n. a small particle of fire reach the bottom

mineral spring of water. [From Spa, a shot off from a burning body:any small SOUP, sõõp, n. the juice or liquid obtained famous watering-place in Belgium.

shining body or light: a small portion of by boiling flesh, seasoned, and often SPACE, spās, n. extension as distinct from anything active or vivid. [A.S. spearca, mixed with vegetables. (Fr. soupe; material substances : room : largeness :

a spark; Dut. spark, sperk.) from Ger. suppe, soup, cog, with E. SUP.] distance between objects: interval be

SPARKLE, spark'ı, n. a little spark : SOUR, sowr, adj. having a pungent, acid tween lines or words in books : quantity

lustre.-.i. to emit sparks : to shine : taste : turned, as milk : rancid : crabbed of time : distance between two points of to glitter. [Dim. of SPARK.] or peevish in temper: bitter.-adv. SOUR' time: a short time : interval. -v.t. to SPARKLING, spärk'ling, adj. giving out LY.-n. SOUR'NESS. (A.S. sur; Ger, sauer, make or arrange intervals between. [Fr. sparks : glittering : brilliant : lively. Ice. surr.]

espace-L. spatium, from root spa, Sans. SPARRER See under SPAR, to box. SOUR, sowr, v.t. to make sour or acid : to spha, to draw, as in Gr. spao, Ger. span SPARROW, spar'o, n. a well-known small make cross, peevish, or discontented. nen.

bird. [A.S.spearwa ; cog. with Goth. v.i. to become sour or acid: to become SPACIOUS, spā'shus, adj. having large sparva, Ice, spörr, Ger. sper-ling.) peevish or crabbed.

space : large in extent : roomy: wide. - SPARROW-BILL, spar'ö-bil, n. a small SOURCE, sõrs, n. that from which any adv.SPA'CIOUSLY.-n. SPA'CIOUSNESS. (Fr. | shoe-nail, so called from its shape. thing rises or originates: origin: the spacieux-L. spatiosus.]

SPARROW-HAWK, spar'ō-hawk, n. a spring from which a stream flows. (Fr. SPADE, spād, n. a broad blade of iron with small species of hawk destructive to source, from sourdre (It. sorgere)-L. sur a handle, used for digging.-v.t. to dig sparrous, etc. [A.S. spear-hafoc.) go, to raise up, to rise.]

with a spade. [A.S. spadu ; cog. with SPARRY, spär'i, adj. consisting of or like SOUSE, sows, n. pickle made of salt : any Ger. spaten, L. spatha, Gr. spathē, any spar. thing steeped in pickle: the ears, feet, broad blade.]

SPARSE, spärs, adj. thinly scattered.etc., of swine pickled.-v.t. to steep in SPAKE, spāk, old pa.t. of SPEAK.

adv. SPARSE'LY. - n. SPARSENESS. [L. pickle : to plunge into water.-v.i. to fall SPAN,span, n. the space from the end of the sparsum, pa.p. of spargo, to scatter; on suddenly. Written also souce, a form thumb to the end of the little-finger when allied to Gr. speiro, to sow.) of SAUCE.]

the fingers are extended: nine inches: the SPARTAN, spär'tan, adj. of or pertaining SOUTH, sowth, n. the direction in which spread of an arch between its abutments: 1 to Sparta in Greece : hardy : fearless.

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SPEECH'LESSNESS power of specute or

SPASM, spazm, n. an irregular, violent and | SPECIALIZE, spesh'al-iz, v.t. to determine / [Lit. “a looking-glass," L.— spec-io, to

involuntary drawing or contraction of the in a special manner.-n. SPECIALIZATION. | look.] muscles-less violent than a convulsion. SPECIALTY, spesh'al - ti, n. something SPED, sped, pa.t. and pa.p. of SPEED. [Fr. spasme-L. spasmus-Gr. spasmos special: a special contract: that for which SPEECH, spēch, n, that which is spoken: spao, to draw.] a person is distinguished.

language : the power of speaking : orar SPASMODIC, spaz-mod'ik, SPASMODIC

SPECIE, spē'shi, n. gold and silver coin, tion: any declaration of thoughts : menAL, spaz-mod'ik-al, adj. relating to or because visible wealth, and not merely

tion. [A.S. spac, spræc ; Ger. sprache. consisting in spasms: convulsive. -n. representing it, as bills and notes do. [Cř.

See SPEAK.) SPASMOD’IC, a medicine for removing next word.

SPEECHLESS, spēch'les, adj. destitute or spasms.

SPECIES, spē'shēz, n. a group of individu deprived of the power of speech. -- n. SPAT, spat, pa.t. of SPIT, to throw from

als having common marks or characterthe mouth.

istics :-subordinate to a GENUS. (L. (lit.) SPEED, spēd, n. quickness, velocity : sucSPAT, spat, n. the spawn or young, spit or " that which is seen," then a form, a par cess. -v.i. to move quickly : to succeed: thrown out by shellfish. From root of ticular sort-specio, to look.]

to fare.-v.t. to despatch quickly : to SPIT.] SPECIFIC, spe-sif'ik, SPECIFICAL, spe

hasten, as to a conclusion: to execute: SPATTER, spat'er, v.t. to spit or throw

sif'ik-al, adj. pertaining to or constituting

to aid: to make prosperous:-pr.p.speedout upon : to scatter about: to sprinkle a species: that specifies: precise: infallible.

ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. sped. [A.S. sped; with dirt or anything moist : to defame,


cog. with Dut. spoed, speed, Ger. Sputen, Freq. from SPAT, pa.t. of SPIT.) SPECIFIC, spe-sif'ik, n. a remedy which

to speed.] SPATTER-DASHES, spat'er-dash'ez,,

SPEEDY, spēd'i, adj. hasty: quick: nimble.

has a special power in a particular discoverings for the legs, to keep them ease : an infallible remedy.

-adv. SPEED'ILY.-N. SPEED'INESS. clean from water and mud, a kind of

SPELL, spel, n. any form of words supposed SPECIFICATION, spes-i-fi-kā'shun, n. act gaiters.

of specifying: a statement of particuSPATULA, spat'ū-la, SPATTLE, spat'l, n.

to possess magical power,-adj. SPELL'

BOUND. [A.S. spell, a narrative or tale ; a little spade: a broad kind of knife for lars.

cog. with Goth. spilli, Ice. spial, a tale.] spreailing plasters. (L. spatula, spathula, SPECIFY, spes'i-fi, v.t. to make special:

SPELL, spel, v.t. to tell or name the letters

to mention particularly :-pa.t. and pa.p. dim. of spatha, any broad blade - Gr.

spec'ified. spathè. See SPADE.

of : to name, write, or print the proper [Low L. specifico-L. species, and facio, to make.]

letters of.-0.i. to form words with the SPAVIN, spav'in, n. a disease of horses affecting the hock-joint, or joint of the

SPECIMEN, spes'i-men, n. a portion of proper letters :- pr.p. spell'ing; pa.t.

anything to show the kind and quality of and pa.p. spelled, spelt. hind-leg, between the knee and the fet.

Same word as

above, modified by 0. Fr. espaler (Fr. lock. It occurs in two forms: (a) bog or

the whole : a sample. blood spavin, in which the joint is dis

épeler)-0. Ger. spellon, to tell, Goth. SPECIOUS, spē'shus, adj. that looks well tended by synovia or joint oil ; (6) bone at first sight : showy: plausible.-adv.


SPELL, spel, v.t. to take another's place at spavin, or spavin proper, where there is

SPECK, spek, n. a spot: a blemish.-v.t. à morbid deposition of bony substance,

work.-n. a turn at work: a short period : such as to unite separate bonesma form

to spot." (A.S. specca; Low Ger, spaak.] -pr.p. spell'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. spelled. which is sometimes incurable. [O. Fr. SPECKLE, speki, n. a little speck or spot

[A.S. spelian, to act for another, perh.

in anything different in substance or color • espavent (“a spaven in a horse."-Cot

conn. with A.S. spilian, Ger, spielen, to grave), also esparvain, Mod. Fr. éparvin, from the thing itself.-v.t. to mark with


SPELLING, spel'ing, n. act of spelling or İt. spavenio. Origin doubtful.] speckles.

naming the letters of words : orthog SPECTACLE, spek'ta-kl, n. a sight : show : SPAVINED, spav'ind, adj. affected with

exhibition :- pl. glasses to assist the spavin,


SPELLING-BOOK, spel'ing-book, n. a book SPAWN, spawn, n. the eggs of fish or frogs sight.-adj. SPECTACULAR. [L. spectawhen ejected: offspring. -v.t. to produce, culum specto, spectatum, intens. of

for teaching to spell.-n. SPELL'ING-BEE,

a competition in spelling. as fishes and frogs do their eggs. to bring spec-io, to look at.]

SPELT, spelt, n. a kind of grain: also called forth.—v.i. to deposit eggs, as fishes or

| SPECTACLED, spek'ta-kld, adj. wearing German wheat. frogs: to issue, as offspring. (Ety. dub.] spectacles.

[A.S. (Ger. spelt)-L

spelta.) SPAWNER, spawn'er, n. the female fish,

SPECTATOR, spek-tā'tur, n. one who looks | SPELTER, spel'ter, n. zinc. [Allied to from which the spawn is ejected.

on :-fem. SPECTA'TRESS.

SPECTRAL, spek'tral, adj. relating to, or SPEAK, spēk, v.i. to utter words or ar

Dut. spiauter. See PEWTER.)

SPENCER, spens'er, n. a short overticulate sounds : to say: to talk: to con

like a spectre.. verse : to sound.-v.t. to pronounce : to SPECTRÊ, spek'ter, n. a ghost.

jacket worn by men or women, named

(Lit. converse in : to address : to declare : to " something seen." Doublet SPECTRUM.]

after a Lord Spencer who introduced it SPECTROSCOPE, spek'tro-skop, n. an inexpress by signs :-pa.t. spoke or spāke;

or made it fashionable. strument for forming and examining pa.p. spoken. [A.S. specan (for sprecan):

SPENCER, spens'er, n. (in ships and barks)

a fore-and-aft sail abast the fore and spectra of luminous bodies, so as to de. cog. with Dut. spreken, Ger. sprechen.]

main masts. [Ety. unknown.] SPEAKER, spēk'er, n. one who speaks :

termine their composition. [SPECTRUM, the person who presides in a deliberative and Gr. skopeo, to look at.)

SPEND, spend, v.t. to expend or weigh or legislative body, as the House of Rep SPECTRUM, spek'trum, n. the image of

out: to give for any purpose: to con

sume: to waste: to pass, as time.-v.i. resentatives.-n. SPEAK'ERSHIP.

something seen continued after the eyes SPEAKING - TRUMPET, spēk'ing-trum'. are closed : the colors of light separated

to make expense : to be dissipated :pet, n. an instrument somewhat resem by a prism, and exhibited as spread out

pr.p. spend'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. spent. bling a trumpet, used for intensifying on a screen :-pl. SPECTRA. (Lit. “some

-n. SPEND'ER. [A.S. á-spendan, for the sound of the voice, so as to convey thing seen,” from L. spec-io, to see.

-spendan-L. expendo or dispendo, to it to a greater distance Doublet SPECTRE.]

weigh out.) SPEAR, spēr, n. a long weapon used in war SPECULAR, spek'ü-lar, adj. resembling a

SPENDTHRIFT, spend'thrift, n. one who and hunting, made of a pole pointed with speculum : having a smooth reflecting

spends the savings of thrift: a prodigal. iron : a lance with barbed prongs used surface. (L.)

See SPEND and THRIFT.) for catching fish.-v.t. to pierce or kill SPECULATE, spek'ü-lāt, v.i. to look at or

SPENT, spent, pa.t. and pa.p. of SPEND. with a spear. [A.S. spere; cog. with Ger. into with the mind : to consider : to

SPERM, sperm, n, animal seed : spawn of speer, W. yspér, L. sparus ; prob. further theorize : to traffic for great profit.-n.

fishes or frogs: spermaceti. [Lit. " that conn. with SPAR and SPIRE.] SPEC'ULATOR.

which is sown," Late L-Gr. sperm-a,

L. speculatus, pa.p. of SPEARMAN, spēr'man, n. a man armed speculor-specula, a look-out-spec-io, to

sperm-atos-speiro, to sow.] with a spear."


SPERMACETI, sper-ma-sē'ti, n. a waxy SPEARMINT, spēr'mint, n. a species of SPECULATION, spek-ü-lā'shun, n. act of matter from the head of the sperm-whale. mint having spear-shaped leaves. speculating: mental view : contempla

[L. (lit.) “the sperm of the whale"SPECIAL, spesh'al, adj. of a species or sort: tion: theory: the buying goods, etc., to sperma (see SPERM), and cētus, a whale particular : distinctive: uncommon : de sell them at an advance.

-Gr. kētos.] signed for a particular purpose : confined SPECULATIVE, spek'ū-lāt-iv, adj. given

SPERMATIC, sper-mat'ik, SPERMATICto a particular subject.-adv. SPECIALLY. to speculation or theory : ideal : pertain

AL, sper-mat'ik-al, adj. pertaining to or SPECIALIST, spesh'al-ist, n. one who de- | ing to speculation in business, etc.-adv. consisting of sperm or seed: seminal. votes himself to a special subject.


SPERM-OIL, sperm'-oil, n., oil from the SPECIALITY, spesh-i-al'i-ti, n. the special | SPECULUM, spek'ü-lum,n. (opt.) a reflector sperm-whale.

or particular mark of a person or thing: usually made of polished metal: (surgery) | SPERM-WHALE, sperm'-hwāl, n. a species a special occupation or object of atten an instrument for bringing into view of whale from which sperm or spermation. (Fr.-L.

parts otherwise hidden :-pl. SPECULA. ceti is obtained.

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SPEW, SPUE, spa, v.t. and v.i. to vomit: SPILL, spil, SPILE, spil, n. a small peg or spirit: having the nature of a spirit:

to eject with loathing. [A.S. spiwan ; pin to stop a hole. [Lit. “a splinter," immaterial : relating to the mind : intelcog. with Dut. spuwen, Ger. speien; also Dut. spil, Ger. spille, conn, with E. SPIN lectual : pertaining to the soul : holy: conn. with L. spuo, Gr. ptyo, and with DLE.

divine : relating to sacred things : not SPIT.]

SPIN, spin, v.t. to draw out and twist into lay or temporal.-adv. SPIR'ITUALLY. SPHERE, sfēr, n. a ball or globe: an orb : threads: to draw out a thread as spiders SPIRITUALISM, spir'it-ū-al-izm, n. a being

circuit of motion : province or duty : do : to draw out tediously : to cause to spiritual : the philosophical doctrine that rank: (geom.) a surface every point of whirl rapidly.-v.i. to practice the art or nothing is real out soul or spirit: the which is equidistant from one and the trade of spinning, to perform the act of doctrine that spirit has a real existence same point, called the centre. — adj. spinning: to issue in a small or thread apart from matter : the belief that cer

SPHER'AL. (Fr.-L. sphaera--Gr. sphaira.) like current: to whirl:-pr.p. spinn'ing; tain peculiar phenomena (as rapping SPHERIC, ster'ik, SPHERICAL, sfer'ik-al, pa.t, and pa.. spun.-n. SPINN'ER. [A.S. table-turning, etc.) are directly due to

adj. pertaining to or like a sphere.-adv. spinnan, cog. with Dut. and Ger. spin the influence of departed spirits, invoked SPHER'ICALLY. nen ; closely conn. with SPAN.)

by a "medium" (in this sense better SPHERICITY, sfer-is'i-ti, n. state or qual. SPINÁCH, SPINAGE, spin'āj, n. an escu called SPIRITISM). ity of being spherical: roundness.

lent vegetable with jagged or spiny SPIRITUALIST, spir'it-ũ-al-ist, n. one who SPHEROID, sfēr'oid, n. a body or figure leaves. [It. spinace-Low L. spināceus has a regard only to spiritual things : having the form of a sphere, but not --spina, a thorn.]

one who holds the doctrine of spiritualquite round. [Fr. sphéroide-Gr. sphaira, SPINAL, spīn'al, adj. pertaining to the ism (or spiritism). and eidos, form,

spine or backbone.

SPIRITUALITY, spir-it-ū-al'i-ti, n. state SPHEROIDAL, sfér-oid'al, adj. having the SPINDLE, spin'di, n. the pin from which of being spiritual : essence distinct from form of a spheroid.

the thread is spun or twisted : a pin on matter. SPHERULE, sfer'ūl, n. a little sphere. which anything turns: the fusee of a SPIRITUALIZE, spir'it-ū-al-īz, v.t. to make SPHINCTER, sfingk'ter, n. (anat.) a muscle watch. (A.S. spinl (from SPIN); cog: spiritual: to imbue with spirituality : to that contracts or shuts an orifice or open with Ger. spindel. Cf. SPILL, n.]

refine: to free from sensuality: to give ing which it surrounds, Gr. “ that SPINE, spin, n. a thorn: a thin, pointed La spiritual meaning to which binds tight” - sphinggo, to bind spike, esp. in fishes: the backbone of an SPIRITUOUS, spir'it-ū-us, adj. possessing tight.]

animal. [O. Fr. espine (Fr. épine)-L. the qualities of spirit: containing spirit: SPÉINX, sfingks, n. (ancient myth.) a mon. | spina, a thorn, conn, with root of SPIKE, I volatile.

ster with the head of a woman and the a nail, applied to the backbone because SPIRT, spert. Same as SPURT. body of a lioness, that proposed riddles to of its sharp-pointed projections.]

SPIRY, spir'i, adj. of a spiral form: travellers, and strangled those who could SPINET, spin'et or spin-et', n. (mus.) an wreathed: tapering like a spire or a not solve them. (Lit. “the throttler," old-fashioned keyed instrument like the pyramid: abounding in spires. Gr.-sphinggo, sphingxo, to squeeze, akin harpsichord. [It. spinetta (Fr. épinette), SPIT, spit, n. an iron prong on which meat to L. figo, to fix.]

dim. of spina-L. spina, à thorn ; so is roasted.-v.t. to pierce with a spit :SPICE, spis, n. an aromatic vegetable used called from the pointed quills used in pr.p, spitt'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. spitt'ed. for seasoping food, formerly one of the playing on it.)

A.S. spitu ; Dut. spit, Ger. spiesz.] most valuable kinds of merchandise : a SPINNING, spin'ing, adj. used in spinning. SPIT, spit, v.t. to throw out from the small quantity.-v.t. to season with spice: SPINOSE, spinos, SPINOUS, spi'nus, adj. mouth: to eject with violence.-v.i, to to tincture. [O.Fr, espice (Fr. épice), full of spines: thorny.

throw out saliva from the mouth :-pr.p. Late L. species, kinds of goods, spices SPINSTER, spin'ster, n. (law) an unmar spitt'ing : part. spit, spat; pa.p. spit. L. species, a particular kind, etc. (see ied female. [Lit. a woman who spins.] (A.S. spittan ; Ice. spyta, Ger. spützen, SPECIES). Cf. the use of Gr. materialien SPINY, spin'i, adj. full of spines: thorny: These are all extensions of SPEW.] (lit. materials "), to signify drugs.]

troublesome: perplexed.-n. SPIN'INESS. SPITE, spīt, n. grudge : lasting ill-will : SPICERY, spīs'er-i, n. spices in general: a SPIRACLE, spira-kl, n. a breathing hole: hatred.-v.t. to vex: to thwart : to hate. repository of spices.

any minute passage. [L. spiraculum, I [Short for DESPITE.] SPIČK, spik, n. a nail : obs. save in the formed as a double dim. from spiro, to SPITEFUL, spīt'fool, adj. full of spite : dephrase SPICK AND SPAN NEW, i.e. as new breathe.]

sirous to vex or injure: a spike just made and a chip just SPIRAL, spīr'al, adj. pertaining to or like adv. SPITE'FULLY.-n. SPITE'FULNESS.

split. [Prov. form of SPIKE, a nail.] a spire: winding like the thread of a SPITTED, spit'ed (B.) pa.p. of SPIT, to SPICY, spīs'i, adj. producing or abounding screw.-n. a spiral line: a curve which throw out from the mouth.

with spices : fragrant : pungent.-adv. continually recedes from a centre about SPITTLE, spit'l, n. the moist matter spit SPIC'ILY.-n. SPIC'INESS. which it revolves: a screw.

or thrown from the mouth: saliva. SPIDER, spi'der, n. an animal remarkable SPIRALLY, spīr'al-li, adv. in a spiral form SPITTOON, spit-toon', n. a vessel for refor spinning webs to take its prey. [Lit. | or direction

ceiving spittle. “the spinner,” for spinder, from SPIN ; SPIRE, spir, n. a winding line like the SPLASĖ, splash, v.t. to spatter with water cf. Dan. spinder, 0. Ger. spinna, Ger. threads of a screw: a curl: a wreath; a or mud. -v.i. to dash about water or any spinne.]

tapering body: a steeple. [L. spira-Gr. liquid.-n. water or mud thrown on anySPIGOT, spig'ut, n. a spike or pointed piece speira, anything wound round or upon a thing. Like PLASH, an imitative word.)

of wood for stopping a small hole in a thing; akin to eiro, to fasten together in SPLASHBOARD, splash'bord, n. a board cask. (Gael. spiocaid, W. yspigod; conn. rows.

to keep those in a vehicle from being with root of SPIKE, a nail.]

SPIRIT, spir'it, n. vital force : the soul : a splashed with mud. SPIKE, spīk, n. an ear of grain : (bot.) an ghost : mental disposition : enthusiasm : SPLASHY, splash'i, adj., splashing: wet

inflorescence, of which the flowers are real meaning: chief quality: a very lively and muddy : full of dirty water. sessile, or issue directly from a simple person : any volatile, inflammable liquid SPLAY, splă, v.t. (arch.) to slope or slant : undivided axis. [From L. spica, an ear obtained by distillation, as brandy :-pl. to dislocate, as the shoulder-bone.-adj. of grain.]

intellectual activity : liveliness : persons turned outward, as in splay-foot. A SPIKE, spik, n. a small pointed rod : a with particular qualities of mind : men- contr. of DISPLAY.]

large nail.-v.t. to set with spikes : to tal excitement : spirituous liquors. - SPLEEN, splēn, n. a spongy gland near stop the vent of with a spike. [A.S. HOLY SPIRIT. See under HOLY.—THE the large extremity of the stomach, supspicing, cog. with Ger. spieker; conn. SPIRIT, the Holy Spirit: the human spirit posed by the ancients to be the seat of

with SPIKE, an ear of grain, and SPOKE,n. under the influence of the Holy Spirit. - anger and melancholy : bence, spite : illSPIKELET, spīk'let, n. a little spike.

v.t. to take away suddenly or secretly, as | humor: melancholy. [M.E, splen-L.SPIKENARD, spīk'närd, n. a highly aro by a spirit. (L. spiritus, a breath-spiro, Gr. splên ; cog, with L. lien (for p-lien), matic oil or balsam obtained from an to breathe.]

Sans. plihan. Indian plant, the Nardus, with spike- | SPIRITED, spir'it-ed, adj. full of spirit, life, SPLENDENT, splen'dent, adj. splendid or shaped blossoms: the plant itself. [L. or fire: animated.-adv. SPIR'ITEDLY.-n. shining : bright. [L., pr.p. of splendeo, spica nardi. See NARD.) SPIR'ITEDNESS.

to shine.] SPÍKY, spīk'i, adj. furnished with spikes : SPIRITISM, spir'it-izm,n. see under SPIRIT- SPLENDID, splen'did, adj. magnificent : having a sharp point. UALISM.

famous : illustrious : heroic. — odv. SPILL, spil, v.t. to allow to run out of a SPIRITLESS, spir'it-les, adj. without spirit, SPLEN'DIDLY. (Lit. “shining," L. splen

vessel : to shed : to waste. -v.i. to be cheerfulness, or courage: dejected: dead. didus-splendeo, to shine.] shed : to be allowed to fall, be lost, or -adv. SPIR'ITLESSLY.

SPLENDOR, splen'dur, n. the appearance wasted:-pa.t. and pa.p. spilled, spilt. SPIRIT-RAPPER, spir'it-rap'er, n, a spir of anything splendid : brilliance : magn. SPILL'ER. [A.S. spillan; cog. with Dut. itualist who professes that spirits convey nificence. spillen, Ice. spilla, to destroy; also conn. intelligence to him by raps or knocks. SPLENETIC, sple- net'ik or splen'e-tik, with SPLIT.]

SPIRITUAL, spir'it-ū-al, adj. consisting of SPLENETICAL, sple-net'ik-al, adj. af




fected with spleen: peevish: melancholy. | SPONDEE, spon'dē, n. in classical poetry, and for wanting those bony plates which -n. SPLEN'ETIC, a splenetic person.-adv.

generally form so characteristic an adornSPLENET’ICALLY.

-L. spondèus (pes) Grspondeios (pous), ment of the sturgeon. SPLENIC, splen'ik, adj. pertaining to the (a foot) of two syllables, so called be- SPOONEY, spõõn'i, adj. silly, weakly affecspleen.

cause much used in the slow solemn tionate. [As if fed on spoon-meat.) SPLENITIS, sple-ni'tis, n. inflammation of hymns sung at a spondē or drink-offer SPOONFUL, spöon'fool, n. as much as a the spleen. ing (-spendo). See SPONSOR.]

spoon contains when full: a small quanSPLICÈ, splīs, v.t. to unite two ends of a SPONGE, spunj, n. the porous framework tity.

rope by interweaving the strands.-n. act of an animal, found attached to rocks, SPOOR, spoor, n. track or trail of an aniof splicing: joint made by splicing. (Lit. etc., under water, remarkable for its mal, esp. when hunted as game. (Dut. "to split in order to join;" a form of power of sucking up water : an instru spoor, a track, cog. with Scot. speir, to SPLIT ; allied to Dut. splitsen.)

ment for cleaning cannon after a dis ask. SPLINT, splint, n. a small piece of wood charge: the heel of a horse's shoe.-v.t. SPORADIC, spo-rad'ik, adj., scattered-a

split off : (med.) a thin piece of wood, to wipe with a sponge : to wipe out with term specially applied to solitary cases etc., for confining a broken or injured a sponge: to wipe out completely : to of a disease usually epidemic. [Gr. spolimb: a hard excrescence on the shank destroy.-v.i. to suck in, as a sponge : to radikos-sporas, sporados, scattered bone of a horse.-v.t. to confine with gain by mean tricks. [A.S., O.Fr. esponge speiro, to sow.)

splints. [A nasalized form of SPLIT.] (Fr. éponge)-L. spongia-Gr, sponggia, SPORE, spor, n. a minute grain which SPLINTER, splint'er, n. a piece of wood sponggos. Doublet FUNGUS.)

serves as a seed in flowerless plants like or other substance split off.-v.t. and v.i. SPONGECAKE, spunjʻkāk, n. a very light the fern. [Gr. sporos, a sowing, seedto split into splinters. cake.

speiro, to sow.) SPLINTERY, splint'er-i, adj. made of or SPONGING-HOUSE, spunj'ing-hows, n. a SPORRAN, spor'an, n. an ornamental like splinters.

victualling house, or tavern, in England, pouch worn in front of the kilt by the SPLIT, split, v.t. to cleave lengthwise : to where persons arrested for debt were Highlanders of Scotland. [Gael. sporan.)

tear asunder violently: to divide : to kept by a bailiff for twenty-four hours SPORT, sport, v.i. to play: to frolic: to throw into discord.--v.i. to divide or part before being lodged in prison, in order practice field diversions: to trifle.-v.t. asunder : to be dashed to pieces : pr.p. that their friends might have an oppor to amuse: to make merry: to represent splitt'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. split.-n. a tunity of settling the debt. Sponging

playfully. - n. that which amuses or crack or rent lengthwise. [Allied to Dut. houses were usually the private dwell makes merry: play : mirth: jest: consplijten, Ger. spleiszen. Cf. SPLICE and ings of bailiffs, and were so named from temptuous mirth : anything for playing SPLINT.1

the extortionate charges made upon pris with: a toy : idle jingle: field diversion: SPLUTTÉR, splut'er, v.i. to eject drops of oners for their accommodation therein. any organism deviating from the normal

saliva while speaking : to scatter ink SPONGY, spunj'i, adj. like a sponge : of an or natural condition; an aberrant natupon a paper, as a bad pen. [By-form of open texture : soft and porous : wet and ural production ; a monstrosity; a lusus SPUTTER.]

soft: capable of imbibing fluids. -n. naturæ; as, “Yes I nursed thee, ... SPODOMANCY, spod'ö-man-sí, n. divina SPONG‘INESS.

thou monstrous sport of nature."-Bytion by ashes. [Gr. spodos, a cinder, and SPONSAL, spon'sal, adj. pertaining to a ron ; specifically, in bot, a plant that asmanteia, divination.]

betrothal, a marriage, or a spouse. [L. sumes a character and appearance disSPODOMANTIC, spod-o-man'tik, adj. re -sponsus, a betrothal-spondeo, sponsus, tinct from the normal type, a bud or lating to spodomancy, or divination by to promise solemnly. See SPONSOR.]

portion of a plant that assumes such a means of ashes. Kingsley. SPONSOR, spon'sur, n. one who promises

form. [Short for DISPORT.] SPODUMENE, spod'ū-mên, n. a mineral, solemnly for another : a surety : a god- SPORTFUL, sport'fool. adi full of sport hard, brittle, and translucent, called by father or godmother.-n. SPON'SORSHIP.

merry: full of jesting.--adv.SPORT'FULLY. Haüy triphane. It occurs in laminated [L.-spondeo, sponsus, to promise sol

-n. SPORT'FULNESS. masses, easily divisible into prisms with emnly, akin to Gr. spendo, to pour a

SPORTING, sport'ing, adj. relating to or rhomboidal bases; the lateral faces libation, spondai, a solemn treaty. Cf.

engaging in sports.-adv. SPORT'INGLY. smooth, shining, and pearly; the cross SPOUSE.) fracture uneven and splintery. Before SPONSORIAL, spon-so'ri-al, adj. pertain

SPORTIVE, sport'iv, adj. inclined to sport: the blowpipe it exfoliates into little | ing to a sponsor, or sponsorship.

playful : merry.-adv. SPORT'IVELY.-n. yellowish or grayish scales; whence its

SPORT'IVENESS. SPONTANEITY, spon-ta-nē'i-ti, n. state or name. It is found at Uto in Sweden, in | quality of being spontaneous.

SPORTSMAN, sports'man, ne one who the Tyrol, in Ireland, and North America. SPONTÁNEOUS, spon-tā'ne-us, adj. of

practices, or one skilled in fieid-sports.It consists of silica and alumina, with 8 one's free-will: involuntary : acting by

n. SPORTS'MANSHIP, practice sr skill of a to 10 per cent of lithia, and a little its own impulse or natural law : pro

sportsman. protoxide of iron. [Fr. spodumène, Gr. duced of itself or without interference.

SPORTULARY, sport'u-la-ri, adj. subsistspodoumenos, part. passive of spodoo, to -adv. SPONTA'NEOUSLY. [L. spontaneus

ing on alms or charitable contributions. reduce to ashes, from spodos, ashes. --Sponte, of one's own accord-spondeo.]

" These sportulary preachers."-Bp. Hall. SPOIL, spoil, v.t. to take by force: to SPOOL, spool, n. a hollow cylinder for

See SPORTULE.] plunder. - v.i. to practice robbery.-n. winding yarn upon.-v.t. to wind on

SPORTULE, sport'ūl, n. an alms: a dole: that which is taken by force : plunder: spools. [Low Ger.; Ger. spule.]

a charitable gift or contribution : a larpillage : robbery.-N. SPOIL'ER, a plun- SPOON, spoon, n. an instrument for sup

gess, either of meat or money, given by derer. [Prob, short for despoile-0. Fr. ping liquids. [Lit. “a chip of wood," A.S.

princes or great men to the poor people. despoiller (Fr. dépouiller)-L. despoliare spon ; Ger. span, a chip, Ice. spann, a

Ayliffe. [L. sportula, a little basket, dim. -de-, and spolio-spolium, spoil.] chip, a spoon.]

of sporta, a wicker basket.] SPOIL, spoil, v.t. to corrupt; to mar : to SPOON-BILL, 'spoon'-bil, n. the popular SPORULE, spor'ūl, n. in bot, a little spore.

make useless.-v.i. to decay : to become name of the birds of the genus Platalea The word is sometimes used generally in useless.-n. SPOIL'ER, a corrupter. [Same belonging to the heron family (Ardeidæ), the same sense as spore, sometimes to as above word.) order Grallatores, from the shape of the

denote a distinct granule within a spore. SPOKE, spok, pa.t. of SPEAK.

bill, which is somewhat like a spoon or Treas. of Bot. (A dim. from SPORE.] SPOKE, spõk, n. one of the bars from the spatula. They live in society in wooded SPORULIFEROUS, spor-ū-lif'er-us, adj. nave to the rim of a wheel. [A.S. spaca; marshes, generally not far from the in bot. bearing or producing sporules. cog. with Ger. speiche ; conn. with SPIKE. mouths of rivers, and on the sea-shore. [E. sporule, and L. fero, to produce.] a small pointed rod.]

The white spoon-bill (P. leucorodia) in SPOT, spot, n. a mark made by a drop of SPOKEN, spök'n, pa.p. of SPEAK.

habits Europe generally, being rare, how wet matter : a blot: a discolored place : SPOKESHAVE, spok'shāv, n. a plane for ever, in England, although common in a small part of a different color: a small dressing the spokes of wheels. [Cf. Holland in summer. As winter approaches extent of space : any particular place : SHAVING.]

it migrates to more southern regions, par something that soils : a stain on characSPOKESMAN, spāks'man, n. (B.) one who ticularly the salt marshes on the coast of ter or reputation.-v.t. to mark with speaks for another, or for others.

Italy, till the milder weather recalls it. drops of wet : to stain: to discolor : to SPOLIATE, spo'li-át, v.t. to spoil : to plun The roseate spoon-bill (P. ajaja) is an taint: to tarnish, as reputation :-pr.p.

der: to pillage.-v.i. to practice robbery. American species, with the plumage of a spotting ; pa.t, and pa.p. spott'ed. M. [L. spoliatus, pa.p. of spolio-spolium, fine rose color. The name is also given E. spat, Scot, and Dut. spat, prob. from

to a kind of sturgeon (Polyodon spatula) the root of SPIT, to throw out from the SPOLIATION, spā-li-ā'shun, n. act of spoil found in the Ohio, Mississippi, etc. It mouth.] ing: robbery.

is remarkable for the uncommonly elon SPOTLESS, spot'les, adj. without a spot : SPONDAIC, spon-dā'ik, adj. pertaining to gated and flattened snout, which it uses untainted : pure.-adv. SPOT'LESSLY.-n. or consisting of spondees.

for digging in the mud in search of food, SPOT'LESSNESS.

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