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commotion : tumult: calamity: (

mil.) to injure by overtasking: to make tight: | plan for deceiving an enemy or gaining an assault. -v.i. to raise a tempest: to to constrain, make uneasy or unnatural: an advantage. [L. – Gr, stratēgēmablow with violence : to be in a violent to filter.-v.i. to make violent efforts: to stratégos, a general-stratos, an army, passion.-v.t. to attack by open force : pass through a filter.-n. the act of strain and ago, to lead.] to assault. [A.S.; Ice. stormr; from ing: a violent effort : an injury inflicted STRATÉGIC, stra-tej'ik, STRATEGICAL. root of STIR.)

by straining: a note, sound, or song. [O. stra-tej'i-kal, adj. pertaining to or done STORMY, storm'i, adj. having many Fr. straindre-L. stringo, to stretch tight. by strategy.-adv. STRATEG'ICALLY. storms: agitated with furious winds: bois See STRING and STRONG.]

STRATEGIST, strat'e-jist, n. one skilled in terous : violent: passionate.-n. STORM' STRAIN, strān, n. race: stock: generation: strategy. INESS.

descent. [M.E. strend-A.S. strynd, stock STRATEGY, strat'e-ji, n., generalship, or STORTHING, stor'ting, n. the parliament -strynan, to beget.]

the art of conducting a campaign and or supreme legislative assembly of Nor- | STRAINER, strān'er, n. one who or that manæuvring an army. way : the great court or representative which strains : an instrument for filtra- STRATH, strath, n. in Scotland) an exof the sovereign people. It is elected tion: a sieve, colander, etc.

tensive valley through which a river triennially, and holds annual sessions. STRAIT, strāt, adj. difficult : distressful :) runs. [Gael. When assembled the stortbing divides (obs. strict, rigorous: narrow, so in B.). STRATIFICATION, strat-i-fi-kā'shun, n. itself into two houses, one fourth of the -n. a narrow pass in a mountain, or in act of stratifying : state of being stratimembers constituting the lagthing, and the ocean between two portions of land : fied : process of being arranged in layers. the remaining three-fourths the odels difficulty: distress. [O. Fr, estreit, estroit STRATIFORM, strat'i-form, adj., formed thing. [Dan. stor, great, and thing, (Fr. étroit)-L. strictus, pa.p. of stringo, like strata. court. 7

to draw tight. Doublet STRICT.)

STRATIFY, strat'i-fī, v.t. to form or lay in STORY, stö'ri, n. a history or narrative of STRAITEN, strāt'n, v.t. to make strait or strata or layers:-pr.p. strat'ifying ; pa.t.

incidents (so in B.): a little tale : a fic narrow : to confine: to draw tight : to and pa.p. strat'ified. [Fr. stratifier-L. titious narrative. [O. Fr. estoire. It is distress : to put into difficulties.

stratum, and facio, to make.] simply a short form of HISTORY.]

STRAITLACED, strāt'lāst, adj. rigid or STRATUM, strā'tum, n, a bed of earth or STORY, also STOREY, stõ'ri, n. a division narrow in opinion. (Lit. laced strait rock formed by natural causes, and conof a house reached by one flight of stairs: | . or tight with stays.”]

sisting usually of a series of layers : any a set of rooms on the same floor or level. STRAITLY, strāt'li, adv. narrowly : (B.) | bed or layer :-pl. STRATA, strā'ta. [L. [Ety. dub.; perh. from STORE, and orig. strictly.

sterno, stratum, to spread out.] sig. "storehouse."]

STRAITNESS, strāt'nes, n. state of being STRATUS, strā'tus, n. a form of cloud ocSTOUT, stowt, adj. strong: robust: cor strait or narrow : strictness : (B.) distress curring in a horizontal layer. [L. See pulent: resolute : proud : (B.) stubborn. or difficulty.

STRATUM.] -n. a name for porter.-adv. STOUT'LY. | STRAND, strand, n. the margin or beach STRAW, straw, n. the stalk on wbich grain -n. STOUT'NESS: (B.) stubbornness. of the sea or of a lake. —v.t. to run grows, and from which it is thrashed . (Allied to 0. Fr. estout, bold, Dut, stout, drift or be driven ashore. a quantity of them when thrashed : anyand Ger. stolz, bold, stout ; perh. from [Ă.S. ; Ger, strand, Ice, strönd, border, thing worthless. [A.S. streaw, Ger. strok, the root of STILT.] shore.]

from the root of STREW.] STOVE, stov, n. an apparatus with a fire STRAND, strand, n. one of the strings or STRAWBERRY, strawber-i, n. a plant and

for warming a room, cooking, etc. -v.t. parts that compose a rope.-v.t. to break its berry or fruit, which is highly esto heat or keep warm. [Orig. “a hot a strand. [Allied to 0. Ger, streno (Ger. teemed-prob. so called from its strewing house," allied to Low Ger, store, O. Ger. strähn), string, rope, with excrescent-d.] or spreading along the ground. [A.S. stupa (Ger. stube, room); cf. also It. stufa, STRANGE, strānj, adj. foreign : belonging streaw-berie.] Fr. étuve-Low L. stuba; but whether to another country: not formerly known, STRAWED (B.) for strewed, pa.t, and pa.p. the Low L. word is from the O. Ger., or heard, or seen : not domestic : new : of STREW. vice versa, is doubtful. Cf. STEW.)

causing surprise or curiosity: marvel STRAWY, straw'i, adj. made of or like STOW, sto, v.t. to place : to arrange : to lous : unusual : odd.-adv. STRANGE'LY. straw.

fill by packing things in. [Partly from -n. STRANGE'NESS. [O. Fr, estrange (Fr. STRAY, strā, v.i. to wander : to go from M.E. stouwen, to bring to a stand, partly étrange) L. extraneus - extra, beyond.) the inclosure, company, or proper limits: from M.E. stowen, to place-stow, a place STRANGER, strānj'er, n. a foreigner : one to err : to rove: to deviate from duty or -A.S. stov; cf. Dut. stuwen, to stow, to from home : one unknown or unac rectitude.—n. a domestic animal that has push, Ger, stauen.]

quainted : a guest or visitor: one not strayed or is lost. fo. Fr. estraier, perh. STOWAGE, stö'āj, n. act of stowing or admitted to communion or fellowship. from estrai-L. strata, E. STREET ; perh. placing in order : state of being laid up: ro. Fr. estrangier. See STRANGE.]

influenced by STREW.] room for articles to be laid away.

STRANGLE, strang'gl, v.t. to draw tight STREAK, strēk, n. a line or long mark difSTRADDLE, strad'l, v.i. to stride or part the throat so as to prevent breathing ferent in color from the ground : (min.)

the legs wide : to stand or walk with and destroy life : to choke: to hinder the appearance presented by the surface the legs far apart.--v.t. to stand or sit from birth or appearance : to suppress. of a mineral when scratched.-v.t. to astride of.-ni act of striding. (Freq. -n. STRANG'LER. [O. Fr. estrangler form streaks in : to mark with streaks. formed from A.S. strad, pa.t. of stridan, (Fr. étrangler) — L. strangulo, -atum (A.S. stric, strica, a stroke, line; cog. E. STRIDE.

Gr. stranggo, to draw tight. Cf. STRANG with Ger, strich; from root of STRIKE.] STRAGGLE, strag'l, v.i. to wander from URY.]

STREAKY, strēk'i, adj. marked with the course : to ramble : to stretch be- | STRANGULATED, strang'gū-lāt-ed, adj. streaks : striped. yond proper limits : to be dispersed. having the circulation stopped by com STREAM, strēm, n. a current of water, air, [Freq. formed partly from stray, partly pression.

or light, etc.; anything flowing out from from A.S. strak, pa.t. of strican, to go, STRANGULATION, strang-gū-lā'shun, n. a source: anything forcible, flowing, and to proceed, E. STRIKE.]

act of strangling: (med.) compression of continuous: drift: tendency.-v.i. to flow STRAGGLER, strag'ler, n. one who strag-| the throat and partial suffocation in in a stream: to pour out abundantly : gles or goes from the course : a wander hysterics.

to be overflown with : to issue in rays : ing fellow: a vagabond.

STRANGURY, strang'gū-ri, n. painful re to stretch in a long line. [A.S. stream ; STRAIGHT, strāt, adj. direct : being in tention of, or difficulty in discharging Ger. strom, Ice, straum-r.]

a right line: not crooked: nearest : urine. [L. stranguria-Gr. stranga, a | STREAMER, strēm'er, n, an ensign or flag upright. — adv. immediately : in the drop, from stranggo, to squeeze, conn. streaming or flowing in the wind : a lushortest time. adv. STRAIGHTLY. — n. with L. stringo (see STRAIN); and ouron, minous beam shooting upward from the STRAIGHT'NESS. (Lit. " stretched,” A.S. urine. streht, pa.p. of streccan, E. STRETCH, in STRAP, strap, n. a narrow strip of cloth or STREAMLET, strēm'let, n. a little stream. fluenced also by STRAIT.)

leather: a razor-strop : (arch.) an iron STREAMY, strēm'i, adj. abounding with STRAIGHTEN, strāt'n, v.t. to make plate secured by screw-bolts, for connect streams : flowing in a stream. straight.

ing two or more timbers.-v.t. to beat STREET, strēt, n. a road in a town lined STRAIGHTFORWARD,strāt-for'ward, adj. or bind with a strap: to strop :-pr.p. with houses, broader than a lane. [A.S.

going forward in a straight course : hon strapp'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. strapped. stræt (Dut. straat, Ger. strasze, It. strada) est : open : downright.-adv. STRAIGHT adj. STRAPP'ING, tall, handsome. [Orig.

-L. strata (via), a paved (way), from FOR'WARDLY.

strop, from A.S. stropp, cog, with Dut. sterno, E. STREW.] STRAIGHTWAY, strāt'wā, adv. directly : strop; allied to L. struppus; cf. Gr. | STRENGTH, strength, n. quality of being immediately: without loss of time. (See strepho, to twist.)

strong: power of any kind, active or STRAIGHT and WAY.] STRATA, strā'ta, pl. of STRATUM.

passive : force : vigor : solidity or toughSTRAIN, strân, v.t. to stretch tight: to STRATAGEM, strat'a-jem, n. a piece of ness: power to resist attack: excellence: draw with force: to exert to the utmost: generalship : an artifice, esp. in war: a intensity : brightness : validity: vigor






of style or expression: security: amount 1 sudden effort.-TO STRIKE HANDS (B.) to | STRONGHOLD, strong'hold, n. a place of force : potency of liquors : a fortifica become surety for any one. [Prob, orig. strong to hold out against attack : a fasttion. [A.S.-strang, E. STRONG.)

sig. “to draw," A.S. strican; Ger. strei ness or fortified place : a fortress. STRENGTHEN, strength'n, v.t. to make chen, to move, to strike.]

STROP, strop, n. a strip of leather, or of strong or stronger: to confirm : to en- | STRIKING, strik'ing, adj. affecting : sur-| wood covered with leather, etc., for courage: to increase in power or secur prising : forcible : impressive : exact. sharpening razors.-v.t. to sharpen on a ity.-v.i. to become stronger. adv. STRIK'INGLY.

strop:-pr.p. stropp'ing ; pa.t. and pa.p. STRENUOUS, stren'ū-us, adj. active : vig- STRING, string, n. a small cord or a slip of stropped. [Older form of STRAP.]

orous : urgent; zealous: bold. - adv. anything for tying: a ribbon: nerve, ten STROPHE, ströf'e, n. in the ancient drama, STREN'UOUSLY.-9. STRENUOUSNESS. [L. don: the chord of a musical instrument : the song sung by the chorus while dancstrenuus, akin to Gr. strēnēs, strong, a cord on which things are filed : a series ing towards one side of the orchestra, to hard.]

of things.-v.t. to supply with strings : which its reverse, the antistrophe, anSTRESS, stres, n. force : pressure ; urgen to put in tune : to put on a string : to swers.-adj. STROPH'IC. (Lit. *a turn

cy: strain : violence, as of the weather : 1 make tense or firm: to take the strings ing," Gr. strophe-strepho, to turn, (mech.) force exerted in any direction or off:-pa.t. and pa.p. strung. [A.S. streng; twist.) manner between two bodies. [Short for cog. with Dut. streng, Ice. streng-r, Ger. STROPHULUS, strof'ū-lus, n. a papular DISTRESS. ]

strang ; conn. with L. stringo, to draw eruption upon the skin peculiar to inSTRETCH, strech, v.t. to extend: to draw tight, Gr. stranggo. Cf. STRANGLE.) fants, and exhibiting a variety of forms

out: to expand : to reach out: to exag- STRINGED, stringd, adj. having strings. known popularly as red-gum, white-gum, gerate, strain, or carry further than is STRINGENCY, strin'jen-si, n. state or tooth-rash, etc. [L., dim. of strophus, right.-v.i. to be drawn out: to be ex quality of being stringent : severe press from Gr. strophos, a bandlet, from tended : to extend without breaking.-n. ure.

strepho, to turn.) act of stretching: effort: struggle : STRINGENT, strin'jent, adj., binding STROSSERS, stros'erz, a kind of covreach : extension : state of being stretch strongly: urgent.-adv. STRIN'GENTLY. ering for the leg, supposed by some comed : utmost extent of meaning: course. [L. stringens, -entis, pr.p. of stringo. See mentators to be the same as Trousers. (A.S. Streccan-strac, strong, violent, STRICT.

Shak. cog. with Ger. strack, straight, right STRINGY, string'i, adj. consisting of | STROUD, strowd, n. a kind of coarse blanout.)

strings or small threads : fibrous : capa- | ket or garment made of strouding, worn STRETCHER, strech'er, n. anything used ble of being drawn into strings. — n. by North American Indians. for stretching : a frame for carrying the STRING'INESS.

STROUDING, strowd'ing, n. a coarse kind sick or dead: a footboard for a rower. STRIP, strip, v.t. to pull off in strips or of cloth employed in the trade with the STREW, strõõ, v.t. to spread by scattering: stripes: to tear off: to deprive of a cover North American Indians: material for

to scatter loosely : – pa.p. strewed or ing: to skin : to make bare : to expose: strouds. strewn. [A.S. streowian ; allied to Ger. | to deprive : to make destitute : to plun STROVE, ströv, pa.t. of STRIVE. streuen, L. sterno (perf. stravi), Gr. stor der. -v.i. to undress :-pr.p. stripp'ing; STROW, stro. Same as STREW : – pa.p. ennymi, Sans. stri.

pa.t. and pa.p. stripped. -- n. same as strowed or strówn. STRIATED, strī'āt-ed, adj. marked with STRIPE, a long narrow piece of anything. STRUCK, struk, pa.t. and pa.p. of STRIKE.

stric or small channels running parallel [A.S. strypan, allied to Ger, streifen.] STRUCTURE, strukt'ūr, n. manner of to each other.-n. STRIA'TION. [L. stria- | STRIPE, strīp, n. a blow, esp. one made building : construction : a building, esp. tus, pa.p. strio, to furrow-stria, a fur with a lash, rod, etc.: a wale or discol one of large size : arrangement of parts row.

ored mark made by a lash or rod : a line, or of particles in a substance: manner STRICKEN, strik'n, (B.) pa.p. of STRIKE.— or long narrow division of a different of organization.-adj. STRUCTURAL. [L.

STRICKEN IN YEARS, advanced in years. color from the ground. - v.t. to make structura-struo, structum, to build.] STRICT, strikt, adj. exact: extremely nice: stripes upon : to form with lines of dif- | STRUGGLE, strug'l, v.i. to make great

observing exact rules: severe: restricted: ferent colors. Allied to Low Ger. stripe, efforts with contortions of the body : to thoroughly accurate. — adv. STRICT'LY. Ger. streif; belonging to the stem of make great exertions : to contend : to -N. STRICT'NESS. (Orig. “ drawn tight," STRIP.)

labor in pain : to be in agony or distress. L. strictus, pa.p. of stringo, to draw tight. STRIPLING, strip'ling, n. a youth: one -n, a violent effort with contortions of C1. STRAIN and STRANGLE.]

yet growing. [Dim, of STRIP, as being a the body: great labor: agony. [Ety. dub.] STRICTURE, strik'tūr, n. (med.) a morbid strip from the main stem.]

STRUM, strum, v.t. to play on (as a musicontraction of any passage of the body : STRIVE, striv, v.i. to make efforts : to en cal instrument) in a coarse, noisy manan unfavorable criticism : censure : crit deavor earnestly: to labor hard : to ner :-pr.p. strumm'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. ical remark.

struggle : to contend: to aim :-pa.t. strummed. [From the sound.] STRIDE, strīd, v.i. to walk with long steps. strove; pa.p. striven. - n. STRIV'ER. STRUMPET, strum'pet, n. a prostitute.

-v.t. to pass over at a step:-pa.t. strāde [O. Fr. e-strive-r, from the root of Ger. adj. like a strumpet : inconstant : false. (obs. strid); pa.p. stridd'en.-n. a long streben, Dut, streven. Cf. STRIFE.)

Prob. from L. stuprata, pa.p. of stupro, step. [A.S. -stridan (in be-stridan, be- STROKE, strok, n. a blow: a sudden at

to debauch.] stride), prob. conn. with A.S. stridh, tack: calamity : the sound of a clock : a STRUNG, strung, pa.t. and pa.p. of STRING. strife, Ger. streit, from the idea of dash in writing: the sweep of an oar in STRUNT, strunt, v.i. to walk sturdily: to "stretching," "straining."

rowing: the movement of the piston of walk with state: to strut. (Scotch.] STRIDENT, stri'dent, adj., creaking, grat a steam-engine : the touch of a pen or STRUNT, strunt, n. spirituous liquor of

ing, harsh. [L. stridens, -entis, pr.p. of pencil: a masterly effort. [From A.S. any kind. Burns: a pet ; a sullen fit. strideo, to creak.]

strac, pa.t. of strican, E. STRIKE ; cf.Ger. Ramsay. [Scotch.) STRIFE, strīf, n. contention for superiority: streich, a stroke.]

STRUSE, strõõ'se, n. a long, burdensome struggle for victory : contest : discord. STROKE, strok, v.t. to rub gently in one craft used for transport on the inland

[M. E. strif-0. Fr. e-strif. See STRIVE.] direction: to rub gently in kindness. waters of Russia STRIKE, strīk, v.t. to give a blow to: to -n. STROK'ER. [A.S. strácian, from the | STRUT, strut, o.i. to walk in a pompous

hit with force : to dash : to stamp: to root of STROKE, n.; cf. Ger. streichen, manner: to walk with affected dignity:coin : to thrust in : to cause to sound : streicheln.]

pr.o. strutt'ing; pa.t. and pu.p. strutt'ed. to let down, as a sail : to ground upon, STROKESMAN, ströks'man, n. the after -n, a proud step or walk: affectation of as a ship: to punish: to affect strongly : most rower, whose stroke leads the rest. dignity in walking. [Allied to Ger. strotto affect suddenly with alarm or surprise: STROLL, strõl, v.i. to ramble idly or leis zen, to be swollen or puffed up, Low Ger to make a compact or agreement : (B.) urely: to wander on foot.-1. a leisurely strutt, sticking out.] to stroke.-v.i. to give a quick blow : to walk : a wandering on foot.-n. STROLL' STRYCHNIA, strik'ni-a, STRYCHNINE, hit: to dash : to sound by being struck : ER. [Ety, unknown.]

strik'nin, n. a vegetable alkaloid, the to touch : to run aground : to pass with | STRONG, strong, adj. firm : baving physi sole active principle of Strychnos Tieuté, a quick effect : to dart: to lower the flag cal power : hale, healthy: able to endure: the most active of the Java poisons, and in token of respect or surrender : to give solid : well fortified : having wealth or one of the active principles of S. Igmatii up work in order to secure higher wages resources : moving with rapidity: im S. nux-vomica, s. colubrina, etc. It is or the redress of some grievance :-pa.t. petuous : earnest : having great vigor, usually obtained from the seeds of S. nuxstruck; pa.p. struck (obs. strick'en).-n. as the mind : forcible : energetic: affect vomica. It is colorless, inodorous, crysact of striking for higher wages : (geol.) ing the senses, as smell and taste, forci talline, unalterable by exposure to the air, vertical or oblique direction of strata, bly : having a quality in a great degree: and extremely bitter. It is very insoluble, being at right angles to the dip.-n. intoxicating : bright: intense : well es requiring 7000 parts of water for solution. STRIK'ER.-TO STRIKE OFF, to erase from "tablished.-adv. STRONG'LY. (A.S. strang, It dissolves in hot alcohol, although an account: to print. —TO STRIKE OUT, to strong; Ice, strang-r, Ger. streng, tight, sparingly, if the alcohol be pure and not efface : to bring into light: to form by strong ; from root of STRING.]

diluted. It forms crystallizable salts,




which are intensely bitter. Strychnine a setting of the mind upon a subject : | STUNT, stunt, v.t.. to hinder from growth. and its salts, especially the latter from application to books, etc.: absorbed at- [A.S. stunt, blunt, stupid ; Ice. stuttr, their solubility, are most energetic pois tention: contrivance : any object of short, stunted.) ons. They produce lock-jaw and other attentive consideration : any particular STUPA, stoo'pa, n. the name given by tetanic affections, and are used in very

branch of learning: a place devoted to Buddhists to certain sacred monumental small doses as remedies in paralysis. [Gr. study. [O. Fr. estudier, Fr. étudier-L. structures. As distinguished from the strychnos, a name of several plants of studeo, to be eager or zealous ; perh. akin dagoba, the true stupa commemorates the nightshade order.] to Gr. spoudē, haste.]

some event, or marks some spot, held STRYCÀNIC, strik'nik, adj. of, pertaining STUFF, stuf, n, materials of which any dear by the followers of Buddha , while

to,obtained from,or including strychnine; thing is made : textile fabrics, cloth, the dagoba contains relics of that deity. as, strychnic acid.

esp. when woollen : worthless matter : The names, however, are sometimes conSTUB, stub, n. the stump left after a tree (B.) household furniture, etc.—v.t. to fill founded. [Sans. stúpa, an accumulation,

is cut down.-v.t. to take the stubs or by crowding : to fill very full : to press a mount, a stupa or tope.] roots of from the ground : to strike the in : to crowd: to cause to bulge out by STUPA, stū'pa, STUPE, stūp, n. flannel, toes against a stump, stone, or other fixed filling : to fill with seasoning, as a fowl: flax, or other such articles wrung out object:-pr.p. stubb'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. to fill the skin of a dead animal, so as to of hot water, plain or medicated, applied stubbed. [A.S. styb, cog. with Ice, stubbr; reproduce its living form.-v.i. to feed

to a wound or sore. [L. stupa, tow. 1 akin to L. stipes, Gr. stypos, a stem, a gluttonously. (O. Fr. estoffe, Fr. étoffe

STUPE, stūp, v.t. to apply a stupa or stupe: stake.] L. stuppa, the coarse part of flax, tow,

to foment. Wiseman. STUBBED, stubd, adj. short and thick like oakum.]

STUPEFACTION, stū-pi-fak'shun, n. the a stub or stump : blunt : obtuse. — n. STULTIFICATION, stul-ti-fi-kā'shun, n.

act of making stupid or senseless: inSTUBB'EDNESS. act of stultifyiug or making foolish.

sensibility: stupidity. STUBBLE, stub'l, n. the stubs or stumps STULTIFY, stulti-fī, v.t. to make a fool

STUPEFACTIVE, stū-pi-fak'tiv, adj. causof corn and other grain, and of grasses, of: to cause to appear foolish: to destroy

ing stupefaction or insensibility, left when the stalk is cut. [Dim. of the force of one's argument by self-con

tradiction :-pa.t. and pa.p. stul'tified.

STUPEFY, stū'pi-fī, v.t. to make stupid or STUB. STUBBORN, stub'orn, adj. immovably fixed

senseless : to deaden the perception : to [L. stultus, foolish, facio, to make.]

deprive of sensibility :pa.t. and pa.p. in opinion: obstinate: persevering: steady: STUM, stum, n. unfermented grape-juice ; stiff: inflexible: hardy: not easily melted

stū'pefied. [L. stupeo, to be struck sensemust or new wine, often mixed with or worked.-adv. STUBB'ORNLY.-N. STUBB'

less, facio, to make.] dead or vapid wine to raise a new ferORNNESS. (Lit. “fixed like a stub."]

STUPENDOUS, stū-pen'dus, adj., to be

mentation; STUBBY, stub'i, adj. abounding with stubs:

wondered at for its magnitude : wonderLet our wines, without mixture or stum, be all fine, short, thick, and strong.

ful, amazing, astonishing.-adv. STUPEN'Or call up the master, and break his dulí noddle. STUCCO, stuk'o, n. a plaster of lime and

-B. Jonson:

DOUSLY.—n. STUPEN'DOUSNESS. (L. stufine sand, etc., used for decorations, etc.: wine revived by being made by must to

pendus.] work done in stucco.-v.t. to face or ferment anew. Hudibras. Dut. stom,

STUPID, stū'pid, adj. struck senseless : inoverlay with stucco: to form in stucco. unfermented wine, must, wine that has

sensible : deficient or dull in understand[It. stucco ; from 0. Ger. stucchi, a crust, not worked, from stom, Ger. stumm,

ing: formed or done without reason or a shell.] Dan. and Sw. stum, dumb, mute.]

judgment : foolish : unskillful. — ado. STUCK, stuk, pa.t. and pa.p. of STICK. STUM, stum, v.t. to renew by mixing with

STUPIDLY.-ns. STUPID'ITY, STU'PIDNESS. STUD, stud, n. a collection of breeding

[Fr.-L. stupidus.] must and fermenting anew. “We stum horses and mares : the place where they our wines to renew their spirits."-Sir

STUPOR, stū por, n. the state of being are kept. (A.S. stod, stodhors, a stallion; J. Floyer : to fume a cask with brim

struck senseless : suspension of sense cog. with Ger, stute, a mare; prob. conn.

either complete or partial : insensibility, stone. with STAND. See STALLION, STEED.) STUMBLE, stum'bl, v.i. to strike the feet

intellectual or moral : excessive amazeSTUD, stud, n. a nail with a large head : against somethirg: to trip in walking:

ment or astonishment. an ornamental double-headed button. (fol. by upon) to light on by chance : to

| STUPRATE, stū'prāt, v.t. to ravish : to v.t. to adorn with studs or knobs : to set slide into crime or error. -v.t. to cause

debauch. Heywood. (L, stupro, stuprathickly, as with studs :-pr.p. studd'ing; to trip or stop: to puzzle.-n, a trip in

tum, to defile, from stuprum, defilement.] pa.t. and pa.p, studd'ed. (A.S. studu, a walking or running: a blunder : a fail

STUPRATION, stū-prā'shun, n, rape : viopost, nail, “ something fixed," from root ure. [Akin to vulgar E. stump, to walk

lation of chastity by force. Sir T. of STAND.)

with heavy steps, and to 0. Dut, stom Browne. STUD-BOOK, stud'-book, n. a book con elen, also to E. STAMP.]

STUPRUM, stū'prum, n, forcible violation taining a genealogy or register of horses STUMBLING-BLOCK, 'stum'bling - blok, of the person : rape : in civil law, every or cattle of particular breeds, especially STUM'BLING-STONE, -ston, n. a block union of the sexes forbidden by morality. of the offspring of famous thoroughbred or stone over which one would be likely STURDY, stur'di, adj. (comp. STUR'DIER, sires or dams. to stumble : a cause of error.

superl. STUR'DIEST), stubborn or obstiSTUDDERY,stud'er-i,n. a place for keeping STUMP, stump, n. the part of a tree left in nate : resolute : firm : forcible : strong :

a stud of horses. “For whose breede and the ground after the trunk is cut down : robust: stout. - adv. STUR'DILY. — n. maintenance ... King Henry the Eight the part of a body remaining after a part STUR'DINESS. [Lit. " stunned,” 0. Fr.

erected a noble studdery."-Holinshed. is cut off or destroyed : one of the three estourdi, pa.p. of estourdir (Fr. étourdir), STUDDING, stud'ing, n. in carp. studs or sticks forming a wicket in cricket.-v.t. It. stordire, to stun ; prob. from L. tor

joists collectively, or material for studs to reduce to a stump: to cut off a part pidus, stupefied.] or joists.

of: to knock down the wickets in cricket STURGEON, stur'jun, n. a large cartilagSTUDENT, stū'dent, n. one who studies, a when the batsman is out of his ground. inous sea-fish yielding caviare and isin

scholar : one devoted to learning: a man [Allied to Low Ger. stump, Dut. stomp.] glass, and used for food. (Fr, esturgeon, devoted to books.

STUMP-ORATOR, stump-or'a-tor, n. one from 0. Ger. sturio, Ger. stör.] STUDENTRY, stū’dent-ri, n. students col who harangues the multitude from a STUTTER, stut'er, v.i. to hesitate in speak

lectively: a body of students. Kingsley. temporary platform, as the stump of a ing: to stammer.-n. the act of stutterSTUDHORSE, stud'hors, n. a breeding tree : a speaker who travels about the ing: a hesitation in speaking. [M.E. horse : a stallion.

country, and whose appeals are mainly stutten-Ice. stauta ; cog: with Ger. stotSTUDIED, stud'id, adj. qualified by or to the passions of his audience : a polit tern, Low Ger. Stöten ; an imitative

versed in study : learned : planned with ical speaker who travels from place to word.] study or deliberation : premeditated. place during the campaign.

STUTTERER, stut'er-er, n. one who stutSTUDIO, stū'di-o, n. the study or workshop STUMPY, stump'i, n. 'money. “Forked ters. of an artist :-pl. STU'DIOS. [It.]

out the stumpy." Dickens.* Down with STUTTERING, stut'er-ing, adj. hesitating STUDIOUS, stū'di-us, adj. given to study: the stumpy." -Kingsley.

in speaking : stammering.-adv. STUTT' thoughtful: diligent: careful (with of): | STUN, stun, v.t. to stupefy or astonish ERINGLY. studied: deliberately planned.-adv. STU' with a loud noise, or with a blow : to STY, stī, n. a small inflamed tumor on the DIOUSLY.-n. STU'DIOUSNESS.

surprise completely : to amaze :-pr.p. eyelid. (Lit. anything risen, A.S. stigend, STUDY, stud'i, v.t. to bestow pains upon : stunn'ing; pat. and pa.p. stunned. (A.S. from stigan, Goth. steigan, Sans. stigh,

to apply the mind to: to examine closely, stunian, to strike against, to stun (cog. to step up.] in order to learn thoroughly: to form and with Ger, staunen), but prob. modified by STY, stī, n. an inclosure for swine : any arrange by thought: to con over.-v.i. confusion with 0. Fr. estonner, Fr. éton place extremely filthy. [A.S. stige (Ger. to apply the mind closely to a subject : ner. See ASTONISH.]

steige), from same root as STY above, and to try hard : to muse: to apply the mind | STUNG, stung, pa.t, and pa.p. of STING. lit. sig. the place where beasts go up, and to books :-pa.t. and pa.p. stud'ied.-n. STUNK, stungk, pa.p. of STINK.

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STYGIAN, stij'i-an, adj. (myth.) relating to us to use great caution in speaking of the SUBJECTION, sub-jek'shun, n, the act of

Styx, the river of Hades, over which de characteristics of his diction." – G. P. subjecting or subduing: the state of being parted souls were ferried: hellish. [L. Marsh.

subject to another, Gr. stygeo, to hate.]

STYLITE, stilīt, n, in eccles. hist. a pillar- SUBJECTIVE, sub-jekt'iv, adj. relating STYLAR, stil'ar, adj. pertaining to the pin saint: one of those ascetics who, by way to the subject : derived from one's own of a dial. [See STYLE.)

of penance, passed the greater part of consciousness : denoting those states of STYLE, stil, n. anything long and pointed, their lives on the top of high columns thought or feeling of which the mind is

esp. a pointed tool for engraving or writ or pillars. This mode of self-torture was the conscious subject, opposed to objecing: (fig.) manner of writing, mode of practiced among the monks of the East tive.-adv. SUBJECT'IVELY.-n. SUBJECT'expressing thought in language: the dis from the fifth to the twelfth century. IVENESS. tinctive manner peculiar to an author : Perhaps the most celebrated was St. SUBJECTIVITY, sub-jek-tiv'i-ti, n. state characteristic or peculiar mode of ex. Simeon the Stylite, who lived in the fifth of being subjective: that which is treated pression and execution in the fine arts): century, and is the subject of one of subjectively. title: mode of address : practice, esp. in Tennyson's shorter poems. [Fr. stylītēs, SUBJOIN, sub-join', v.t. to join under : to a law-court: manner : form : fashion : from stylos, a pillar.]

add at the end or afterwards : to affix or the pin of a dial : (bot.) the middle por STYPTIC, stip'tik, adj., contracting or

annex. [L. sub, under, and Join.) tion of the pistil, between the ovary and drawing together : astringent: that SUBJUGATE, sub'joo-gāt, v.t. to bring the stigma : in chronology, a mode of

stops bleeding.-n. an astringent medi under the yoke: to bring under power or reckoning time with regard to the Julian cine. (Fr.-L. stypticus-Gr. styptikos dominion: to conquer.-ns. SUB'JUGATOR, and Gregorian calendar. Style is Old or --styphò, to contract.)

SUBJUGATION. [Fr. subjuguer-L. sub, New. The Old Style follows the Julian | SUASION, swā'zbun, n. the act of per under, and jugum, a yoke.) manner of computing the months and suading or advising : advice. (Fr.-L. SUBJUNCTIVĚ, sub-jungk’tiv, adj. subdays, in which the year consists of 365 suasio-suadeo, to advise.]

joined: added to something: denoting days and 6 hours. This is something | SUASIVE, swā'siv, adj. tending to per.

that mood of a verb which expresses conmore than 11 minutes too much, and in

suade : persuasive.-adv. SUA'SIVELY. - dition, hypothesis, or contingency.-n. the course of time, between Cæsar and n. SUA'SIVENESS.

the subjunctive mood. [L. sub, under, Pope Gregory XIII., this accumulated

SUAVE, swāv, adj. pleasant : agreeable. and jungo, to join. See Join.] error amounted to 10 days. Gregory reformed the calendar by retrenching 10

-adv. SUAVE'LY.-n. SUAVITY (swav'it-i). SUBKINGDOM, sub-king'dum, n. a sub

(Fr.-L. suavis, sweet. See SWEET.) ordinate kingdom : a division of a kingdays, and fixing the ordinary length of the civil year at 365 days; and to make

SUBACID, sub-as'id, adj. somewhat acid dom: a sub-division. [L. sub, under, and up for the odd hours it was ordained that

KINGDOM.] or sour. (L. sub, under, and ACID.] every fourth year (which we call leap

SUBALTERN, sub'al-tern, adj. inferior: | SUBLEASE, sub-lēs', n. an under-lease or

subordinate.-n. a subordinate: an officer year) should consist of 366 days. But the

lease by a tenant to another. [L. sub, in the army under the rank of captain. under, and LEASE.] true length of the solar year is only 365

[Lit. “under another,” L. sub, under,

SUBLET, sub-let', v.t. to let or lease, as a days 5 hours 48 minutes 51.6 seconds; hence, four solar years would fall short

tenant, to another. [L. sub, under, and and alternus, one after the other-alter, of four years of 365 days 6 hours each, or the other.]

LET.) SUBALTERNATE, sub-al-tern'āt, adj. suc SUBLIEUTENANT, sub-lū-ten'ant, n. the of four Julian years, three of 365 days

ceeding by turns : subordinate.-n. SUBand one of 366 days, by 44 minutes 33.6

lowest commissioned officer in the EnALTERNA'TION.

glish army and navy: in the army, it seconds, and 400 solar years would fall short of 400 Julian years by 74 hours 16

SUBAQUEOUS. sub-ā'kwe-us, adj. lying has taken the place of ENSIGN. minutes, or by a little more than three

under water. [L. sub, under, and AQUE SUBLIMATE, sub'lim-āt, v.t. to lift up on QUS.

high : to elevate: to refine and exalt: to days. This error it was ordained should

SUBDIVIDE, sub-di-vid', v.t. to divide into be rectified by omitting three days in

purify by raising by heat into vapor three of the four years which com

smaller divisions : to divide again.-v.i. which again becomes solid.-n. the propleted centuries ; or, in other words,

to be subdivided : to separate. [L. sub, duct of sublimation. [L. sublimo, subthat the centuries divisible without reunder, and DIVIDE.]

limatum.] mainder by 400, should alone of the

| SUBDIVISION, sub-di-vizh'un, n. the act SUBLIMATION, sub-lim-ā'shun, n, the act centuries be accounted leap-years. Thus

of subdividing: the part made by sub of sublimating or purifying by raising 1600, 2000, 2400 would be leap-years, but dividing.

into vapor by heat and condensing by not 1700, 1800, 1900, 2100, 2200, 2300.

SUBDUAL, sub-dū'al, n. the act of sub cola : elevation : exaltation. This mode of correcting the calendar has


SUBLIME, sub-līm', adj. high : lofty : been adopted at different times in almost

SUBDUE, sub-dū', v.t. to conquer: to bring majestic : awakening feelings of awe or all civilized nations with the exception

under dominion: to render submissive : veneration.-n. that which is sublime : of Russia and those countries where the

to tame: to soften.-adj. SUBDU'ABLE.-n. the lofty or grand in thought or style : Greek Church is predominant, which still SUDBU'ER. [O, Fr. subduzer – L. sub,

the emotion produced by sublime objects. adhere to the Old Style. In England the under, and ducere, to lead.]

-v.t. to exalt: to dignify, to ennoble : to Gregorian or New Style was adopted by SUBEDITOR, sub-ed'i-tur, n. an under or improve : to purify, to bring to a state act of parliament in 1752, and as one of

assistant editor. [L. sub, under, and of vapor by heat and condense again by the years concluding a century in which EDITOR.1

cold. -v.i. to be sublimed or sublimated. the additional or intercalary day was to

SUBFAMILY, sub'fam-i-li, n. a subordinate [L. sublimis, of which ety. dub. ; perh. be omitted (the year 1700) had elapsed family: a division of a family. [L. sub, sub-limen, up to the lintel.] since the correction by Pope Gregory, it

under, and FAMILY.)

SUBLIMELY, sub-lim'li, adv. in a sublime was necessary to omit 11 instead of 10 SUBGENUS, sub-jērnus, n. a subordinate

manner : loftily : with elevated concepdays in the current year. Accordingly genus: a division of a genus. [L. sub,

tions. 11 days in September, 1752, were re

under, and GENUS. ]

SUBLIMITY, sub-lim'i-ti, n. loftiness : eletrenched, and the 3d day was reckoned | SUBJACENT, sub-jā'sent, adj., lying under

vation : grandeur : loftiness of thought the 14th. The difference between the or below: being in a lower situation. (L.

or style: nobleness of nature or characOld and New Styles is now 12 days. All subjacens-sub, under, and jaceo, to lie.]

ter : excellence. dates in U.S. history previous to 1752, SUBJECT, sub'jekt, adj. under the power SUBLUNAR, sub-lõõn'ar, SUBLUNARY, may, therefore, be given in either Old or of another: liable, exposed: subordinate: sub'loon-ar-i, adj., under the moon : New Style.-v.t. to entitle in addressing subservient.-n. one under the power of earthly : belonging to this world. (L. or speaking of: to name or designate. another : one under allegiance to a sov sub, under, and LUNAR.] [Fr.-L. stilus, for stiglus, from root ereign : that on which any operation is SUBMARINE, sub-ma-rēn', adj., under or found in Gr. stizo, to puncture. See performed: that which is treated or in the sea. [L. sub, under, and MARINB. STIGMA.]

handled: (anat.) a dead body for dis SUBMERGE, sub-meri', SUBMERSE, subSTYLISH, stil'ish, adj. displaying style : section : (art) that which it is the object mers', v.t. to plunge under water : to

fashionable: showy: pretending to style. of the artist to express : that of which overflow with water : to drown.-v.i, to -adv. STYL'ISHLY,-1. STYL'ISHNESS.

anything is said : topic: matter, ma plunge under water.-ns. SUBMERG'ENCE, STYLISTIC, sti-lis'tik, adj. of or relating terials. [Fr. sujet - L. subjectus sub, SUBMER'SION. (L. submergo, -mersumto style. "Still, the extreme uncertainty under, and jacio, to throw.

sub, under, mergo, to plunge.] of the evidence which identifies any ex SUBJECT, sub-jekt', v.t. to throw or bring SUBMERSED, sub-merst', adj. being or isting manuscript as an actual produc under : to bring under the power of : to growing under water : submerged. tion of the translator Wycliffe, and the make subordinate or subservient: to sub | SUBMISS, sub-mis', adj. (obs.) cast down, great stylistic differences between the due: to enslave: to expose or make liable prostrate.-adv. SUBMISS'LY (obs.), humworks usually ascribed to him require to: to cause to undergo.


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SUBMISSION, sub-mish'un, n, act of sub money : a sum of money paid by one cunningly devised.-adv. SUBT'LY (B., mitting or yielding : acknowledgment of state to another for assistance in war : SUB'TILLY).-N. SUBT'LENESS. [Contr. of inferiority or of a fault: humble be public money given in aid of enterprises SUBTILE. havior : resignation.

of great and semi-public importance, SUBTLETÝ, sut'l-ti, n. quality of being SUBMISSIVE, sub-mis'iv, adj. willing or such as railroads, steamship lines, etc. subtle : artfulness : shrewdness: extreme

ready to submit : yielding: humble : obe (L. subsidium, orig. troops stationed be acuteness. dient.-adv. SUBMISS'IVELY.-n. SUBMISS' hind in reserve, aid — sub, under, and SUBTRACT, sub-trakt', v.t. to take away IVENESS. sido, to sit.)

a part from the rest: to take one number SUBMIT, sub-mit', v.t. to refer to the SUBSIST, sub-sist', v.i. to have existence : or quantity from another to find their

judgment of another : to surrender to to have the means of living. [L. sub difference. [L. sub, under, and traho, another.-v.i. to yield one's self to an sisto, to stand still-sub, under, sisto, to tractum, to draw away.] other : to surrender : to yield one's opin stand, be fixed.]

SUBTRACTION, sub-trak'shun, n. the act ion : to be subject :-pr.p. submitt'ing; SUBSISTENCE, sub-sist'ens, n. state of or operation of subtracting : the taking pa.t. and pa.p. submitted. [L. submitto being subsistent : real being : means of of a less number or quantity from a -sub, under, mitto, missum, to send.] supporting life : livelihood.

greater. [L. subtractio.] SUBORDINATE, sub-or'di-nāt, adj., lower SUBSISTENT, sub-sist'ent, adj., subsisting: SUBTRACTIVE, sub-trak'tiv, adj., subin order, rank, nature, power, etc.: de having real being: inherent.

tracting : tending to subtract or lessen. scending in a regular series.-adv. SUB- SUBSOIL, sub'soil, n. the under soil : the SUBTRAHEND, sub'tra-hend, n. the sum OR'DINATELY. [L. sub, under-ordo, or bed or stratum of earth which lies imme or number to be subtracted from another. dinis, order.

diately beneath the surface soil. [L. sub, (L. subtrahendus.] SUBORDINATE, sub-or'di-nāt, n. one in a under, and SOIL.)

SUBURB, sub'urb, SUBURBS, sub'urbz, lower order or rank: an inferior.-v.t. to SUBSTANCE, sub'stans, n. that in which n. the district which is near, but beyond place in a lower order : to consider of qualities or attributes exist : that which the walls of a city: the confines. [L. less value : to make subject.

constitutes anything what it is : the es suburbium-sub, under, near, and urbs, SUBORDINATION, sub-or-di-pā'shun, n. sential part : body: matter : property. a city.

act of subordinating or placing in a lower (L. substantiasubsto, to stand under SUBURBAN, sub-urb'an, adj. situated or order : state of being subordinate: in sub, under, and sto, to stand.)

living in the suburbs. [L. suburbanus.] feriority of rank or position.

SUBSTANTIAL, sub-stan'shal, adj. belong-SUBVENTION, sub-ven'shun, n. act of SUBORN, sub-orn', v.t. to procure private ing to or having substance : actually ex coming to relief, support: a government

ly or indirectly: to cause to commit a isting: real : solid : material : having aid or subsidy. [L. sub, under, and venio, perjury.-n. SUBORN'ER. [L. suborno-| property or estate.-adv. SUBSTANTIAL ventum, to come.]

sub, under, orno, to adorn, to supply.] LY.-N. SUBSTANTIAL'ITY. Fr. substantiel SUBVERSION, sub-ver'shun, n, act of sub SUBORNATION, sub-or-nā'shun, n. act of -L. substantialis. ]

verting or overthrowing from the founsuborning or causing a person to take a SUBSTANTIALS, sub-stan'shalz,, es dation : entire overthrow; ruin. [L. false oath: crime of procuring any one sential parts.

subversio.] to do a bad action. .

SUBSTANTIATE, sub-stan'shi-āt, v.t. to SUBVERSIVE, sub-ver'siv, adj. tending to SUBPENA, sub-pē'na, n. a writ command make substantial : to prove or confirm. subvert, overthrow, or destroy.

ing the attendance of a person in court SUBSTANTIVE, sub'stan-tiv, adj. express SUBVERT, sub-vert', v.t. to turn as from under a penalty.-v.t. to serve with a writ ing existence : real : of real, independent beneath or upside down : to overthrow of subpena. (L. sub, under, and poena, importance.-adv. SUB'STANTIVELY.

from the foundation : to ruin utterly : to punishment.]

SUBSTANTIVE, sub'stan-tiv,n. (gram.) the corrupt.-n. SUBVERT'ER. [L. sub, under, SUBSCRIBE, sub-skrīb',v.t. to write under part of speech denoting something that and verto, versum, to turn. neath: to give consent to something exists : a noun.

SUCCEDANEUM, suk-se-dā'ne-um, n, one written, or to attest by writing one's SUBSTITUTE, sub'sti-tūt, v.t. to put in who or that which comes in the place of name underneath : to sign one's name: place of another.-n. one who or that another : a substitute. [L. succedaneus to promise to give by writing one's sig which is put in place of another. [L. --Succedo. nature.-v.i. to promise a certain sum by substituo, substitutum sub, under, and SUCCEED, suk-sēd', v.t. to come or follow setting one's name to a paper : to enter statuo, to set, place.]

up or in order : to follow : to take the one's name for anything. n. SUBSCRIB'- | SUBSTITUTION, sub-sti-tü'shun, n. act of place of.-v.i. to follow in order : to take ER. [L. subscribo-sub, under, and scribo, substituting or putting in place of an the place of: to obtain one's wish or acscriptum, to write.]

other.-adj. SUBSTITU'TIONAL. [L. sub complish what is attempted : to end with SUBSCRIPTION, sub-skrip'shun, n. act of stitutio.]

advantage. [L. succedo-sub, up, from subscribing : a name subscribed : a paper SUBSTRATUM, sub-strā'tum, n. an under under, and cedo, to go.] with signatures : consent by signature : stratum or layer: the substance in which SUCCESS, suk-ses', n. act of succeeding or sum subscribed.

qualities exist. [L. sub, under, and STRA state of having succeeded : the prosperSUBSECTION, sub-sek'shun, n. an under TUM.

ous termination of anything attempted. section or division : a subdivision. (L. SUBSTRUCTURE, sub-strukt'ūr, n. an un [L. successus-succedo. sub, under. SECTION.]

der structure or building : foundation. SUCCESSFUL, suk-ses'fool, adj. resulting SUBSEQUENT, sub'se-kwent, adj., follow [L. sub, and STRUCTURE.]

in success: having the desired effect or ing or coming after.-adv. SUB'SEQUENT- | SUBTEND, sub-tend', v.t. to extend under termination: prosperous.---ady. SUCCESS'LY. [L. subsequens, -entis, pr.p. of subse or be opposite to. [L. sub, under, and FULLY. quor-sub, under, after, sequor, to follow.] TEND.)

SUCCESSION, suk-sesh'un, n. act of sucSUBSERVE, sub-serv', v.t. to serve subor- SUBTERFUGE, sub'ter-fūj, n. that to ceeding or following after : series of

dinately or instrumentally: to help for which one resorts for escape or conceal persons or things following each other ward. [L. subservio-sub, under, servio, ment: an artifice to escape censure or an in time or place : series of descendants : to serve.)

argument: evasion. [Fr.-L. subterfugio, race : (agri.) rotation, as of crops : right SUBSERVIENCE, sub-serv'i-ens, SUB to escape secretly-subter, under, secret-| to take possession. (L. successio.] SERVIENCY, sub-serv'i-en-si, n. state | ly, and fugio, to flee.]

SUCCESSIONAL, suk-sesh'un-al, adj. exof being subservient : anything that pro- | | SUBTERRANEAN, sub-ter-rān'e-an, SUB isting in a regular succession or order. motes some purpose.

TERRANEOUS, sub-ter-rān'e-us, adj., SUCCESSIVE, suk-ses'iv, adj. following in SUBSERVIENT, sub-serv'i-ent, adj., sub under the earth or ground. [L. sub,under, succession or in order.-adv. SUCCESS'serving: serving to promote : subject : and terra, the earth.]

IVELY. submissive.-adv. SUBSERV'IENTLY.

SUBTIL, SUBTILLY. See under SUBTLE. | SUCCESSOR,suk-ses'or,n. one who succeeds SUBSIDE, sub-sid', v.i. to settle down : to SUBTILE, sub'til, adj. delicately con or conies after : one who takes the place

settle at the bottom : to fall into a state structed : fine : thin or rare : piercing: of another. [L.] I of quiet: to sink. [L. subsido-sub, shrewd.—adv. SUB'TILELY.-n. SUB'TILE-SUCCINCT, suk-singkt', adj. short : con down, and sido, to sit.)

NESS. (Lit. “woven fine,” L. subtilis cise.-adv. SUCCINCT’LY. - n. SUCCINCT SUBSIDENCE, sub-sid'ens, SUBSIDENCY, sub, under, fine, and tela, a web.]

NESS. (Lit. “ girded up,” L. succinctus-sub-sīd'en-si, n. act or process of subsid- SUBTILIZE, sub'til-iz, 2.t. to make subtile, sub, up, and cingo, to gird.] ing, settling, or sinking.

thin, or rare: to spin into niceties.—v.i. | SUCCOR, suk'ur, v.t. to assist : to relieve. SUBSIDIARY, sub-sid'i-ar-i, adj. furnish- | to make nice distinctions : to refine in -n, aid : relief.-N. SUCC'ORER. L. SUCing a subsidy, help, or additional sup argument. [Fr. subtiliser.]

curro, to run up to-sub, up, and curro, plies : aiding.-n. one who or that which SUBTILTY, sub'til-ti, n. state or quality

to run.]. aids or supplies : an assistant.

of being subtile: fineness: extreme acute SUCCORY, suk'or-i, n. a form of CHICORY. SUBSIDIZE, sub'si-diz, v.t. to furnish with ness : cunning.

| SUCCULENT, suk'ú-lent, adj. full of juice a subsidy : to purchase the aid of. | SUBTLE, sut'l (B., SUB'TIL), adj., subtile in or moisture. — n. SUCC'ULENCE. – adv. SUBSIDY, sub'si-di, n. assistance : aid in a fig. sense : insinuating: sly: artful :) SUCC'ULENTLY. [L. succulentus-succus,

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