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suspect: liable to suspicion : doubtful.-1 signify "sponge," and “mushroom ;" | n. a term applied, particularly in the adv. SUSPICIOUSLY.-n. SUSPI'CIOUSNESS. all from the root of SWIM.]

tailoring trade, to the practice of emSUSTAIN, sus-tān', v.t. to hold up: to bear: SWAMPY, swomp'i, adj. consisting of ploying men, women, and children to to maintain : to relieve : to prove : to swamp: wet and spongy.

make up clothes in their own houses at sanction: to prolong.-1. SUSTAIN'ER. [L. | SWAN, swon, n. a web-footed bird like the very low wages. sustineo sub, from beneath, up, and duck and goose. (A.S.; cog. with Ger. SWEATY swet'i, adj.wet with sweat: conteneo, to hold.

schwan, Dut. zwaan; from L. sono, to sisting of sweat: laborious.--n. SWEAT SUSTAINABLE, sus-tān'a-bl, adj. that may sound, Sans, svan.]

INESS. be sustained.

SWARD, swawrd, n. the grassy surface of SWEDE, swēd, n. a native of Sweden. SUSTENANCE, sus'ten-ans, n. that which land: green turf. - v.t. to cover with SWEDENBORGIAN, swē-den-bor'ji-an, n. sustains : maintenance : provisions.

sward. [Orig. the “ skin of bacon," A.S. one who holds the doctrines of the New SUSTENTATION, sus-ten-tā'shun, n. that sweard ; cog. with Ger. schwarte, thick, Jerusalem Church as taught by Emanuel

which sustains : support: maintenance. hard hide, Ice. svördr, the skin (esp. of Swedenborg, a Swedish nobleman, born SUTLER, sut'ler, n. a person who follows the head), the sward or surface of the at Stockholm in 1689. He professed an army and sells liquor or provisions : earth.]

himself to be the founder of the New a camp hawker. [O. Dut. soeteler, a SWARDED, swawrd'ed, SWARDY, Jerusalem Church, alluding to the New small trader-soetelen, to do mean work; swawrd'i, adj. covered with sward.

Jerusalem spoken of in the book of the Ger. sudler, a dabbler-sudeln, to do dirty | SWARE, swār, (B.) pa.t. of SWEAR.

Revelation, and conceived that the work.

SWARM, swawrm, n. a body of humming members of this church were gifted with SUTLING, sut'ling, adj. pertaining to sut or buzzing insects: a cluster of insects, peculiar insight into spiritual things.

lers: engaged in the occupation of a sutler. esp. of bees : a great number: throng: The Swedenborgians believe that the SUTTEE, sut-tē', n. formerly in India, the v.i. to gather as bees: to appear in a regenerate man is in direct communica

sacrifice of a widow on the funeral pile crowd : to throng: to abound : to tion with angels and with heaven. They of her husband : the widow so sacrificed. breed multitudes. [A.S. swearm; Ger. maintain that the sacred Scriptures conrSans, cuddhi, voluntary sacrifice.

schwarm ; from the same root as Ger. tain three distinct senses, called celestial, SUTURAL, sūt'ür-al, adj. relating to a schwirren, Sans. sur, to sound.)

spiritual, and natural, which are united suture.

SWARTHY, swawrth'i, adj. of a blackish by correspondences, and are accommoSUTURE, sūt'ûr, n. med.) the sewing to complexion: dark-skinned: tawny.-adv. dated respectively to particular classes,

gether of a wound: the seam uniting the SWARTH'ILY.-n. SWARTH'INESS. (A.S. both of men and angels. They hold that bones of the skull: (bot.) the seam at sweart; cog. with Ice. svart-r, Ger. there have been various general judgthe union of two margins in a plant. (L. schwarz, black; conn. also with L. sor ments ending particular dispensations of sutura-suo, to sew.] didus, dirty.]

divine revelation. The last was in 1757, SUTURED, sūt'ūrd, adj. having or united SWATH, swawth, n. a line of grass or when Swedenborg received the office of by sutures.

corn cut by the scythe : the sweep of a teaching the doctrines of the new church SUZERAIN, SO'ze-rận, m. a feudal lord: scythe. [A.S. sucethe; Dut. zwade, also promised in the Apocalypse. As this

supreme or paramount ruler. (Lit." one a scythe, which may have been the church is to be eternal there will be no who is above," Fr. sus-Late L. susum, original meaning.]

other general judgment, but each indifor sursumsub-versum, above; the ter- SWATHE, swāth, v.t. to bind with a band vidual is judged soon after death. There mination in imitation of Fr. souverain, or bandage.-n. a bandage. (A.S. be are numerous societies of them both in E. SOVEREIGN.] swéthian. Cf. SWADDLE.]

Great Britain and America. SUZERAINTY, so'ze-rān-ti, n. the do SWAY, swā, v.t. to swing or wield with the SWEDENBORGIANISM, swē - den - borji. minion of a suzerain: paramount author hand : to incline to one side : to influ an-izm, n. the doctrines and practice of ity.

ence by power or moral force: to govern. the Swedenborgians. SWAB, swob, n. a mop for cleaning or dry -v.i. to incline to one side : to govern: | SWEDISH, swēd'ish, adj. pertaining to

ing floors or decks. -v.t. to clean or dry to have weight or influence.-n.the sweep Sweden. with a swab :-pr.p. swabb'ing; pa.t. of a weapon : that which moves with SWEEP, swēp, v.t. to wipe or rub over and pa.p. swabbed. [Prob. orig. from power: preponderance: power in govern with a brush or broom: to carry along the splashing movement of water, and ing: influence or authority inclining to or off by a long brushing stroke or force: so conn, with SWEEP.]

one side. [Prob. Scand., as Ice. sveigja, to destroy or carry off at a stroke: to SWABBER, swob'er, n. one who uses a Dan, svaie, to sway, sveie, to bend; akin strike with a long stroke: to carry with swab: an officer who sees that the ship to SWING and WAG.)

pomp: to drag over : to pass rapidly is kept clean.

SWEAR, swār, v.i. to affirm, calling God over.-v.i. to pass swiftly and forcibly : SWADDLE, swodi, v.t. to swathe or bind to witness: to give evidence on oath : to to pass with pomp: to move with a long

tight with clothes, as an infant. [A.S. utter the name of God or of sacred things reach :-pa.t. and pa.p. swept.-n. act swethel, a swaddling-band ; an extension profanely.-v.t. to utter, calling God to of sweeping : extent of a stroke, or of of SWATHE, to bind.)

witness : to administer an oath to: to | anything turning or in motion : direction SWADDLING - BAND, Swod'ling - band, declare on oath :-pa.t. swore; pa.p. of a curve: a chimney-sweeper. - n,

SWADDLING-CLOTH, swod'ling-kloth, sworn.-n. SWEAR'ER. [A.S. swerian; SWEEP'ER. [A.S. swapan ; cog. with n. a band or cloth formerly used for cog. with Dut. zweren, Ger. schwören. Low Ger. swepen, Ger, schweifen. Cf. E. swaddling an infant :-pl. (B.) SWAD Cf. ANSWER.]


SWEAT, swet, n. the moisture from the SWEEPINGS, swēp'ingz, things colSWAGGER, swag'er, v.i. to sway or swing skin : labor : drudgery.-v.i. to give out lected by sweeping : rubbish.

the body in bluster: to brag noisily : to sweat or moisture: to toil.-v.t. to give SWEEPSTAKES, swēp'stākz, n. all the bully. - n. boastfulness: insolence of out, as sweat: to cause to sweat. [A.S. money or other things staked or won at manner.-N. SWAGG'ERER. [From the swat ; cog. with Low Ger. sweet, Ger. a horserace, or in gaming. [So called root of SWAY, SWING.]

schweisz ; further conn. with L sudor, because the winner sweeps up all the SWAIN, swān, n. a young man: a peasant: Gr. hidros, Sans. svedas.]

stakes or deposits. ] a country lover. [A.S. swan, a servant; SWEATING-ROOM, swet'ing-rõõm, n. a SWEET, swēt, adj. pleasing to the taste Ice. sveinn, young man, servant, Dan. room for sweating persons: in dairy or senses : tasting like sugar : fragrant: svend, servant; perh. conn. with root of business, a room for sweating cheese and melodious : beautiful : fresh, as opp. to SON. carrying off the superfluous juices.

salt or to sour: not stale, sour, or putrid: SWALLOW, swol'o, n. a migratory bird SWEATING-SICKNESS, swet'ing-sik-nes, mild : obliging.-n. a sweet substance :

with long wings, which seizes its insect n. sudor anglicanus, ephemera sudatoria, a term of endearment :-pl. sweetmeats. food on the wing. [A.S. swalewe ; cog. or ephemera maligna: an extremely -adv. SWEET'LY.-n. SWEET'NESS. [A. with Ger. schwalbe.]

fatal, febrile epidemic disease which S. swet, cog, with Ger. süsz, Gr. hēdys SWALLOW, swol'o, v.t. to receive through made its appearance in England in Au L. suavis, sweet, Sans. svad, to taste.

the gullet into the stomach : to ingulf : gust, 1485, and at different periods up SWEETBREAD, swēt'bred, n. the panto absorb: to occupy: to exhaust. [A.S. till 1551, and which spread very extens creas of an animal used for food, so swelgan, to swallow; cog. with Ger. ively on the Continent. It was char called from its sweetness and resemschwelgen ; conn. with SWILL.]

acterized by profuse sweating, and was blance to bread. SWAM, swam, pa.t. of SWIM.

frequently fatal in a few hours.-MAL- SWEET-BRIER, swēt'-bri'er, n. a thorny SWAMP, swomp, n. wet, spongy land : low WAH SWEATING-SICKNESS, a disease OC- | shrub of the rose kind resembling the

ground filled with water. -v.t. to sink in, curring in India, which appears to be brier, having a sweet smell. or as in a swamp: to overset, or cause to allied to the worst form of cholera, and SWEETEN, swēt'n, v.t. to make sweet : fill with water, as a boat. [Closely conn. | to bear a close relation to malignant to make pleasing, mild, or kind: to inwith Low Ger. and Scand. svamp, which, congestive fever. Dunglison.

crease the agreeable qualities of : to with A.S. swamm and Ger. schwamm, SWEATING -SYSTEM, swet'ing-sis-tem, make pure and healthy.-n. SWEET'ENER.

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SWEETENING, swēt'n-ing, n. act of (C. apus) has the greatest powers of along by a current: to glide along with sweetening: that which sweetens.

Aight of any bird that visits Britain. a waving motion : to be dizzy : to be SWEET-FERN, Swēt'-fern, n. a small Its color is in general a sombre or sooty drenched : to overflow: to abound.-v.t.

North American shrub, having sweet black, with a grayish-white patch under to pass by swimming : to make to swim scented or aromatic leaves resembling the chin. The beak is black, shorter or float:-pr.p. swimm'ing; pa.t. swam; fern-leaves (Comptonia asplenifolia). than that of the swallow, and without pa.p. swam or swum.-n. act of swimGoodrich,

the lateral bristles. The wings are even ming: any motion like swimming : air. SWEETHEART, swēt'härt, n. a lover or longer than those of the swallow, and bladder of a fish. [A.S. swimman, cog. mistress. (Simply from SWEET and are sickle-shaped. The tarsi are short, with Ger, schwimmen.) HEART ; an expression found in Chau and feathered to the toes, which are all SWIMMER, swim'er, n. one who swims: a cer.

directed forwards. The swifts pass most web-footed aquatic bird. SWEETISH, swēt'ish, adj. somewhat of their time in the air, where they pur SWIMMING, swim'ing, n. the act or art of

sweet to the taste.-n, SWEET'ISHNESS. sue their insect prey. Their flight is sustaining and propelling the body in SWEETMEAT, swēt'mēt, n. confections swift and shooting, and their scream water. A great proportion of the ani

made wholly or chiefly of sugar. [SWEET very different from the twittering of the mal tribes are furnished with a greater and MEAT.]

swallow. They build their nests in holes or less capacity for swimming either in SWEET-PEX, swēt'-pē, n. a pea cultivated in the walls of houses, in rocks, and water or on its surface, but man is unfor its sweet fragrance and beauty.

sometimes in hollow trees. The swift qualified for swimming without learning SWEET-POTATO, swēt'-po-tā'to, n. a plant reaches its summer quarters later, and to do so as an art, owing to the structure

common in tropical countries, having leaves earlier than the swallows. An of his body. The head by its gravity tubers like the potato, which are sweet other species, the white-bellied or Alpine naturally sinks in water, and thus causes and highly esteemed as food.

swift (C. alpinus), is known in Gt. Brit drowning, unless it, or at least the mouth, SWEET-RUSH, swēt'-rush, n. a plant of ain, but it is only a rare straggler. The can be kept above the surface by art.

the genus Acorus (A. Calamus), found weight of the swift is most dispropor The art of swimming chiefly consists in growing in ponds, by the banks of rivers, tionately small to its extent of wing, keeping the head above water, and using and other wet places in England, and in the former being scarcely an ounce, the the hands and feet as oars and helm. the cooler parts of the Continent, of latter 18 inches, the length of the body SWIMMINGLY, swim'ing-li, adv. in a glidIndia, and of North America. From the being near 8 inches. The swift is widely ing manner, as if swimming : smoothly : lower part of the thick jointed rhizome spread through Europe, Asia, and Africa. successfully. or root-stock numerous roots are thrown The American swift (Chætura pelasgia) SWINDLE, swin'di, v.t. to cheat under the down, while from the upper surface arise is smaller, has the hind - toe directed pretence of fair dealing.-n. the act of a number of sword-shaped leaves, from backwards, and the tail-feathers stiff as swindling or defrauding. (Lit. “ to make 2 to 3 feet in length, sheathing at the in woodpeckers. It is commonly called dizzy,” Dut. zwendelen, from the root of base, also a long leaf-like stalk from the chimney swallow : the common newt| A.S. swindan, to become weak, Ger. which issues a spike of densely-packed or eft, a species of lizard.

schwinden, to disappear; conn. with greenish flowers. All parts of the plant, | SWIFT, swift, adj. moving with great Swoon.] but especially the perennial rhizome speed, celerity, velocity, or rapidity;

SWINDLER, swin'dler, n. one who de (known as calamus-root), have a strong fleet; rapid ; quick; speedy ; *“ The frauds by imposition : a cheat or rogue. aromatic and slightly acrid taste ; and race is not to the swift, nor the battle SWINE, swin, n.sing, and pl. an ungulate: hence the rhizome is used in medicine as to the strong."-Eccles. ix. 11.;

a mammal of the genus Sus, which fura stimulant and tonic in some kinds of True hope is swift, and flies with swallow's wings;

nishes man with a large portion of his indigestion, and it is said to be useful in Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures kings. most nourishing food : a hog. The fat ague. It is also used by confectioners as

-Shak.. or lard of this animal enters into various a candy; by perfumers in the prepara ready ; prompt; quick; “Having so

dishes in cookery. The numerous varietion of aromatic vinegar and other per swift and excellent a wit." - Shak.; ties of the hog or swine bred in U. S. are fumed articles, as hair-powders ; and by “Let every man be swift to hear, slow

partly the result of climate and keep. manufacturers of beer and gin as a flav. to speak, slow to wrath." -Jam. i. 19:

They are all, however, of English impororing ingredient. coming suddenly, without delay; "There

tation originally. [A.S. swin, a widely SWEET-WILLIAM, swēt-wil'yam, n. a

shall be false teachers among you, who spread word ; Dut. zwijn, Ger, schwein, species of pink of many colors and privily shall bring in damnable heresies, Dan. sviin, Ice, svín, Goth. svein, Pol. varieties.

even denying the Lord that bought swinia, Bohem. swine ; same root as sow, SWELL, swel, v.i. to grow larger : to ex them, and bring upon themselves swift |

L. sus. pand: to rise into waves: to heave: to be destruction."-2 Pet. ii. 2: of short SWINE-BREAD, swin'-bred, n. a kind of inflated: to bulge out: to grow louder: to continuance; rapidly passing ; “Make plant, truffle. be bombastic, to strut: to become elated, swift the pangs of my queen's travails." SWINE-CASE, swin'-kās, SWINE-CRUE, arrogant, or angry: to grow upon the -Shak. (A.Š. swift, from the stem of swin'-kroo, n. a hog-sty: a pen for swine. view: to grow louder, as a note.-v.t. to swifan, to move quickly, to turn round, | Called also a SWINE-COT. (Local.) increase the size of: to aggravate: to in to revolve ; Ice. svifa, to be carried, to SWINE-DRUNK, swin'-drungk, adj. in a crease the sound of: to raise to arrogance: glide, svif, sudden movement ; Dut. state of beastly intoxication : beastly -pa.p. swelled or swollen (swöln).-n. zweven, Ger. schweben, Dan, svæve, to drunk. Shak. act of swelling: increase in size or sound:

wave, to float, to hover; same root as E. SWINE - GRASS, swin'-gras, n. a plant, a gradual rise of ground : a wave: the SWEEP and SWOOP.]

knot-grass, Polygonum aviculare. . waves or tides of the sea, esp. after a | SWIFT, swift, adv. in a swift or rapid SWINEHERD, swin'herd, n. a herd or storm: a strutting foppish fellow,a dandy. manner : swiftly. “Light boats sail keeper of swine. [A.S. swellan ; cog. with Ger. schwellen,


SWINE-OAT, swin'-ot, n. a kind of oats Ice. svella.)

SWIFTER, swift'er, n. (naut.) a rope used cultivated for the use of pigs; the Avena SWELLING, swelling, adj. (B.) inflated, to confine the bars of the capstan in nuda of botanists.

proud, haughty. - n. protuberance : a their sockets while men are turning it: SWINE-PIPE, swin'-pip, n. a local name tumor: a rising, as of passion : (B.) in

also, a rope used to encircle a boat longi- of the redwing thrush (Turdus iliacus). flation by pride.

tudinally to strengthen and defend her SWINE-POX, swin'-poks, n. a variety of SWELTER, swelt'er, v.i. to be faint, or op sides in collision. Swifters also are two the chicken-pox, with acuminated vespressed with heat. [A.S. sweltan, to die;

shrouds fixed on the starboard and lar icles containing a watery fluid: the waIce. stelta, to hunger.]

board sides of the lower masts, above all ter-pox. SWEPT, swept, pa.t. and pa.p. of SWEEP.

the other shrouds, to give the masts ad- SWINE'S-CRESS, swinz-kres, n. a plant of SWERVE, swerv, v.i. to turn, depart from

ditional security. [Ice. sviptingr.]

the genus Senebiera, the S. Coronopus, any line, duty, or custom: to incline. SWIFTLY, swift'li, adv. with swiftness : called also WART-CRESS. (A.S. hweorfan; Dut. swerven ; conn. rapidly.

SWINE'S FEATHER, swinz'-feth-er, n. a with WARP.]

SWIFTNESS, swift'nes, n. quality of being small spear about 6 inches long, called SWIFT, swift, n. the current of a stream. swift : quickness : fleetness : rapidity : also a Hog's Bristle, anciently used as a “He can live in the strongest swifts of speed.

bayonet. The name was afterwards, in the water."-Iz. Walton. (Rare): a reelSWILL, swil, v.t. or v.i. to drink greedily the seventeenth century, applied to a or turning instrument for winding yarn : or largely.-n. a large draught of liquor : similar spear fitted into the musket rest the common name of birds of the genus the liquid mixture given to swine.-n. in order to render it a defence against Cypselus, family Cypselidæ. They have SWILL'ER. (A.S. swilian, conn. with cavalry. an outward resemblance to the swallows, SWALLOW.]

SWING, swing, v.i. to sway or wave to and but differ much from them in various SWIM, swim, v.i. to float, as opp. to sink : fro, as a body hanging in air: to vibrate: structural points. The common swift to move on or in water: to be borne to practice swinging: to turn round at

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anchor : to be hanged.-v.t. to move to havior of a sycophant : mean tale-bear- | part being of the same measure with, or and fro: to cause to wave or vibrate; to ing: obsequious flattery: servility.

proportionate to another : due proporwhirl, to brandish:--pa.t.and pa.p.swung. SYCOPHANT, sik'o-fant, n. a common in tion: harmony or adaptation of parts to -n. the act of swinging: motion to and former : a servile flatterer. [Gr. syko each other. [L. and Gr. symmetria-syn, fro: a waving motion : anything sus phantēs, usually said to mean one who together, and metron, a measure.] pended for swinging in : the sweep or informed against persons exporting figs | SYMPATHETIC, sim-pa-thet'ik, SÝMPAcompass of a swinging body : power of from Attica, or plundering the sacred THETICAL, sim-pa-thet'ik-al, adj. showanything swinging : free course. [A.S, fig-trees; but more prob., one who ing or inclined to sympathy: feeling with swingan, Ger. schwingen, to swing; brings figs to light by shaking the tree, another : able to sympathize : compasallied to WAG, SWAY.]

hence one who makes rich men yield up sionate : produced by sympathy.-adv. SWINGLE-TREE, swing'gl-trē, SINGLE their fruit by informations and other SYMPATHET’ICALLY.

TREE, sing'gl-trē, n. the cross-piece of vile arts-sykon, a fig, and phaino, to SYMPATHIZE, sim'pa-thiz, v.i. to have a carriage, plough, etc., to which the bring to light, to show.l

sympathy: to feel with or for another : traces of a harnessed horse are fixed. SYCOPHANTIC, sik-o-fant'ik, SYCO to be compassionate. From SWING.)

PHANTICAL,-ik-al, SYCOPHANTISH, SYMPATHỳ, sim'pa-thi, n., feeling with SWINISH, swin'ish, adj. like or befitting -ish, adj. like a sycophant : obsequiously another : like feeling : an agreement of swine : gross : brutal. --adv. SWIN'ISHLY. flattering: parasitic.

inclination, feeling, or sensation : com-n. SWIN'ISHNESS.

SYLLABIČ, sil-lab'ik, SYLLAB'ICAL, -ik passion : pity: tenderness. [Gr. symSWIRL, swerl, v.i. to sweep along with a al,adj. consisting of a syllable or syllables. patheia-syn, with, and root of PATHOS, whirling motion.-n. whirling motion, -adv. SYLLAB'ICALLY.

PATIENT.] as of wind or water. [Imitative like SYLLABICATE, sil-lab'i-kāt, v.t. to form SYMPHONIOUS, sim-fõ'ni-us, adj., agreeWHIRL.) into syllables.-n. SYLLABICA'TION.

ing or harmonizing in sound: accordant: SWISS, swis, adj. of or belonging to Switz- SYLLABIFY, sil-lab'i-fī, v.t. to form into harmonious.

erland.-n, a native of Switzerland : the syllables :pa.t. and pa.p. syllab'ified. SYMPHONIST, sim'fo-nist, n. a composer language of Switzerland.

n. SYLLABIFICATION. [SYLLABLE, and L. of symphonies. SWITCH, swich, n. a small flexible twig: a facio, to make.)

SYMPHONY, sim'fo-ni, n. an agreeing tomovable rail and its appendages used for SYLLABLE, sil'a-bl, n, several letters taken gether in sound : unison, consonance, or transferring a car or an entire railway together so as to form one sound : a word harmony of sound : a musical compositrain from one track to another.-v.t. to or part of a word uttered by a single tion for a full band of instruments : an strike with a switch : to transfer a car effort of the voice : a small part of a instrumental introduction or termination riage from one line of rails to another by sentence. [L. syllaba-Gr. syllabe-syn, to a vocal composition. [Gr. symphonia

a switch. [Low Ger. zwukse, swutsche.] with, together, and lab, root of lambano, -syn, together, phònē, a sound.] SWIVEL, swiv'l, n. something fixed in an to take.

SYMPOSIUM, sim-pā'zi-um, n. a drinking other body so as to turn round in it: a | SYLLABÚB. Same as SILLABUB.

together: a banquet with philosophic con. ring or link that turns round on a pin or SYLLABUS, sil'a-bus, n. an abstract or versation : a merry feast : a magazine neck: a small cannon turning on a swivel. compendium: a table of contents. [L.] discussion in which several authors write (A.S. swifan, to move quickly, to turn SYLLOGISM, sil'o-jizm, n. logical form of on the same subject in the same number, round. See SWIFT.)

every argument, consisting of three prop and usually in reply, one to another. [L. SWOLLEN, swöln, pa.p. of SWELL.

ositions, of which the first two are called -Gr. symposion-syn, together, posis, a SWOON, swoon, v.i. to faint: to fall into the premises, and the last, which follows drinking-pino, to drink.

a fainting-fit.-n. the act of swooning: a from them, the conclusion. [Gr. syllogis SYMPTOM, simp'tum, n. that which atfainting-fit. [A.S. and O. Ger. swindan, mos - syllogizomai-syn, together, logi tends and indicates the existence of to become weak, to fail.]

zomai, to reckon-logos, speech, reckon something else, not as a cause, but as a SWOOP, swoop, v.t. to sweep down upon :


constant effect: (med.) that which indi to take with a sweep: to catch while on SYLLOGISTIC, sil-o-jis'tik, SYLLOGIS cates disease. [Gr. symptoma-syn, with, the wing: to catch up.-v.i. to descend I TICAL, sil-o-jis'tik-al, adj. pertaining to pipto, to fall.] with a sweep.-n. the act of swooping: L a syllogism : in the form of a syllogism. SYMPTOMATIC, simp-tom-at'ik, SYMPa seizing as a bird on its prey. [A form -adv. SYLLOGIS'TICALLY.

TOMATICAL, -al, adj. pertaining to of SWEEP.)

SYLLOGIZE, sil'o-jīz, v.i. to reason by symptoms : indicating the existence of SWOP, swop, v.t. to exchange, to barter: syllogisms.

something else : (med.) proceeding from pr.p. swopp'ing; pa.t. and pa.p. swopped. | SYLPH, silf, n. an imaginary being inhabit some prior disorder.-adv. SYMPTOMAT'-n. an exchange.

ing the air: a fairy. [Fr. sylphe, of Cel ICALLY. SWORD, sõrd, n. an offensive weapon with tic origin; but cf. Gr. silpnē, a kind of SYNÆRESIS, sin-er'e-sis, n. the taking or a long blade, sharp upon one or both beetle.

pronouncing of two vowels together, or edges, for cutting or thrusting : destruc SYLPHID, silf'id, n, a little sylph. [Dim. making one of them silent. [Gr. syntion by the sword or by war: war: the I of SYLPH.)

airesis-syn, together, haireo, to take. emblem of vengeance or justice, or of SYLVAN. “A wrong form of SILVAN.

See DLÆRESIS.) authority and power. [A.S. sweord, cog. SYMBOL, sim'bol, n. a sign by which one SYNAGOGUE, sin'a-gog, n. an assembly of with Ice, sverd, Ger. schwert.]

knows a thing: an emblem. that which Jews for worship: a Jewish place of worSWORD-BAYONET, sõrd'-bā'on-et, n. a represents something else: a figure or ship. [Fr.-Gr. synagōgē-syn, together,

bayonet shaped somewhat like a sword, letter representing something : (theol.) a ago, to lead.] and used as one.

creed, compendium of doctrine, or a typi- | SYNCHRONAL, sing'kro-na), SYNCHROSWORDCANE, sõrd'kān, SWORDSTICK,

cal religious rite, as the Eucharist. (Gr. NOUS, sing'kro-nus, adj. happening or sõrd'stik, n. a cane or stick containing a symbolon, from symballo, to put together, being at the same time : simultaneous : sword.

to compare, infer, conclude — syn, to lasting for the same time. [Gr. syn, SWORDFISH, sörd'fish, n. a large sea-fish gether, and ballo, to throw.]

together, chronos, time.] having the upper jaw elongated so as to SYMBOLIC, sim - bol’ik, SYMBOLICAL, SYNCHRONISM, sing'kro-nizm, n., conresemble a sword.

sim-bol'ik-al, adj. pertaining to or of the currence of events in time : the tabular SWORDSMAN, sõrdz'man, n. a man skilled nature of a symbol: representing by signs: arrangement of contemporary events,

in the use of the sword.-n. SWORDS' emblematic : figurative : typical.-adv. etc., in history. Gr. synchronismosMANSHIP. SYMBOL'ICALLY.

synchronizo, to agree in time.] SWORE, SWORN. See SWEAR.

SYMBOLISM, sim'bol-izm, n. representa SYNCOPATE, sing'ko-pāt, v.t. to cut away SYBARITE, sib'a-rit, n. an inhabitant of tion by symbols or signs: a system of so as to bring other parts together : to

Sybaris, a Greek town in ancient Italy, symbols: use of symbols : (theol.) the sci contract, as a word, by taking away letnoted for the effeminacy and luxury of ence of symbols or creeds.

ters from the middle : (music) to unite its inhabitants : one devoted to luxury. SYMBOLIŽE, sim'bol-íz, v.i. to be symbol by a slur the last note of a bar to the -adjs. SYBARIT’IC, SYBARIT'ICAL.

ical: to resemble in qualities. — v.t. to first note of the next. (Low L. syncopo, SYCAMINE, sik'a-min, n. (B.) supposed to represent by symbols.

-atum-L. syncope - Gr. syn, together, be the black mulberry tree.

SYMBOLIZER, sim'bol-iz-er, SYMBOLIST, kopto, to cut off. SYCAMORE, sik'a-mor, n. the fig-mul sim'bol-ist, n. one who uses symbols. SYNCOPATION, síng-ko-pā'shun, n. act of berry, growing in Egypt and other East SYMMETRICAL, sim-met'rik-al, adj. hav syncopating. ern countries : in Britain, applied to a ing symmetry or due proportion in its SYNCOPE, sing'ko-pe, n. the omission of large maple, and in America, to the parts: harmonious.-adv. SYMMET'RICAL letters from the middle of a word, as plane-tree. [Gr. sykomoros-sykon, a fig, LY, with symmetry.

ne'er for never : (med.) a fainting-fit, an and moron, the black mulberry.]

SYMMETRIŻE, sim'e - trīz, v.t. to make attack in which the breathing and cirSYCOPHÁNCY, sik'o-fan-si, SYCO symmetrical.

culation become faint : (music) syncopa- , PHANTISM, sik'o-fant-izm, n. the be- SYMMETRY, sim'e-tri, n. the state of one tion. [L.-Gr. syngkopě.]




SYNDIC, sin'dik, n. one who helps in a common law or end : regular method or

court of justice: an advocate : a govern order : a full and connected view of some
ment official : a magistrate : one chosen department of knowledge : the universe.
to transact business for others. [L. Syn [Gr. systēma--syn, together, histēmi, to
dicus - Gr. syndikos sym, with, dikē, place.

SYSTEMATIC, sis-te-mat'ik, SYSTEMAT-
SYNDICATE, sin'dik-āt, n. a body of syn ICAL, -al, adj. pertaining to or consist-

dics : a council : the office of a syndic: a ing of system : formed or done according body of men chosen to watch the in to system: methodical.-adv. SYSTEMAT. terests of a company, or to manage a

ICALLY. bankrupt's property.

SYSTEMATIZE, sis'tem-a-tiz, v.t. to reSYNECDOCHE, sin-ek'do-ke, n. a figure of duce to a system.-n. SYSTEMATIZER.

speech by which a part is made to com | SYSTOLE, sis'to-le, n. a bringing together prehend the whole, or the whole is put or contraction of the heart for expelling for a part. [Gr. symekdoche - sym, to the blood : (gram.) the shortening of a gether, ekdechomai, to receive.]

long syllable. (Gr. systole syn, together, SYNECDOCHICAL, sin-ek-dok'ik-al, adj. stello, to set, place.]

expressed by or implying synecdoche. SYNOD, sin'od, n. a meeting: an ecclesias

tical council : among Presbyterians, a church court consisting of several presbyteries. [A.S. sinod-L. symodus-Gr.

symodos-syn, together, hodos, a way.] TABANIDÆ, ta-ban'i-dē, a family of SYNODIC, sin-od'ik, SYNODICAL, -al, dipterous insects, of which Tabanus is

adj. pertaining to a symod: done in a the typical genus. They are popularly synod. adv. SYNOD'ICALLY

known by the names breeze, cleg, or SYNONYM, SYNONYME, sin'o-nim, n. a gadily, and are particularly annoying to

name or word having the same meaning cattle, the skins of which are often with another: one of two or more words streaked with blood from their bites. which have the same meaning. [Gr. | TABANUS, ta-bā'nus, n. a genus of dip

symõnymon-sym, with, onoma, a name. terous insects, family Tabanidæ, of SYNONYMOUS, sin-on'i-mus, adj. per which T. bovinus, or gadfly, is the larg

taining to synonyms: expressing the est American species. It is extremely same thing : having the same mean troublesome to cattle. [L., a horse-fly.) ing-adv. SYNON'YMOUSLY.

TABARD, tā'bärd, n. an ancient close-fit SYNONYMY, sin-on'i-mi, n. the quality of ting garment, open at the sides, with

being synonymous: a rhetorical figure by wide sleeves, or flaps, reaching to the which synonymous words are used. [Gr. elbows. It was worn over the body arSymõnymia.]

mor, and was generally emblazoned SYNOPSIS, sin-op'sis, n. a view of the with the arms of the wearer or of his

whole together : a collective or general lord. At first the tabard was very long, view of any subject :- pl. SYNOP'SES. reaching to the mid-leg, but it was after(Gr. synopsis-syn, with, together, opsis, wards made shorter. It was at first a view-root op, to see.]

chiefly worn by the military, but afterSYNOPTIC, sin-op'tik, SYNOP'TICAL, -al, wards became an ordinary article of adj, affording a general view of the whole. dress among other classes in France and -adv. SYNOP'TICALLY.

England in the middle ages. In EnSYNTACTIC, sin-tak'tik, SYNTACTICAL, gland the tabard is now only worn by

-al, adj. pertaining to syntax : according heralds and pursuivants of arms, and is to the rules of syntax.-adv. SYNTAC embroidered with the arms of the sovTICALLY.

ereign. This garment gave name to the SYNTAX, sin'taks, n. (gram.) the correct ancient hostelry from which Chaucer's

arrangement of words in sentences. [Gr. Canterbury pilgrims started. (Fr. tasyntaxis-syn, together, tasso, taxo, to bard, Sp. and Port. tabardo, It. tabarro, put in order

Low L. tabarrus, tabardus, a cloak,
SYNTHESIS, sin'the-sis, n. a putting to origin doubtful.)

gether, a making a whole out of parts : TABĂRDER, tā-bärd'er, n. one who wears
the combination of separate elements of a tabard : specifically, a scholar belong.
thought into a whole, or reasoning from ing to the foundation of Queen's College,
principles previously established to a Oxford, Eng., whose original dress was a
conclusion, as opp. to analysis : (gram.) tabard.
the uniting of ideas into a sentence : TABARET, tab'a-ret', n. a stout satin-
(med.) the reunion of parts that have striped silk, used for furniture. [Prob.
been divided : (chem.) the uniting of ele conn. with TABBY.]
ments to form a compound :-pl. SYN TABASHEER, tab-a-shēr", n. a concretion
THESES (-sēz). [Gr. synthesis-syn, with, found in the joints of the bamboo and
together, thesis, a placing-tithēmi, to other large grasses. It consists of silica

mixed with a little lime and vegetable SYNTHETIC, sin-thet'ik, SYNTHET. matter, and is formed probably by ex

ICAL, -al, adj. pertaining to synthesis : travasation of the juices in consequence consisting in synthesis or composition. of a morbid state of the plant. It is adv. SYNTHETICALLY.

highly valued in the East Indies as a SYPHILIS, sif'i-lis, n. an infectious vene tonic, and as such is often chewed along

real disease.-adj. SYPHILITIC. [Ety. un with betel. It is used also in cases of known.

bilious vomitings, bloody flux, piles, etc. SYPHON, SYREN. Same as IPHON, Its optical properties are peculiar, inasSIREN,

much as it exhibits the lowest refracting SYRINGE, sir'inj, n. a tube with a piston, power of all known substances. The

by which liquids are sucked up and eject sweet juice of the bamboo-stalks has also ed: a tube used by surgeons for inject been called tabasheer. [Ar. tabáshir.) ing, etc.-v.t. to inject or clean with a TABBINET, tab'i-net, n. a more delicate

syringe. [Gr. syringa, a reed, a pipe.] kind of tabby, resembling damask, used SYRUP. Same as SIRUP.

for window-curtains. SYSTEM, sis'tem, n. anything formed of TABBY, tab'i, n. a coarser kind of waved

parts placed together : an assemblage of or watered silk : 80 artificial stone, a bodies as a connected whole : an orderly mixture of shells, gravel, stones, and arrangement of objects according to some water. - adj. brindled: diversified in

color.-v.t. to water or cause to look wavy -pa.t. and pa.p. tabb'ied. [Fr. tabis-Ar, atabi, a kind of rich, waved

silk.) TABER, v.i. (B.) same as TABOUR. TABERNACLE, tab'er-nä-kl, n, a slightly

constructed temporary habitation ; es-
pecially, a tent or pavilion ;“How goodly
are thy tents, o Jacob, and thy taber-
nacles, Israel !”_-Num. xxiv. 5;

Pavilions numberless and sudden rear'd,
Celestial tabernacles, where they slept.

- Milton :
in Jewish antiq. a movable building, so
contrived as to be taken to pieces with
ease and reconstructed, for the conven-
ience of being carried during the wander-
ings of the Israelities in the wilderness.
It was of a rectangular figure, 45 feet by
15, and 15 feet in height. The interior
was divided into two rooms or compart-
ments by a vail or curtain, and it was
covered with four different spreads or
carpets. The outer or larger compart-
ment was called the holy place, being
that in which incense was burned and
the show-bread exhibited ; and the inner
the most holy place, or holy of holies, in
which was deposited the ark of the cov-
enant. It was situated in a court 150
feet by 75, surrounded by screens 74 feet
high: a temple ; a place of worship; a
sacred place; specifically, the temple of
Solomon. Ps. xv. 1: any small cell or
repository in which holy or precious
things are deposited, as an ornamented
chest placed on Roman Catholic altars
as a receptacle of the ciborium and pyx ;
or, a reliquary or small box for the pre-
sentation of relics and the like: the hu-
man frame; “ Yea I think it meet, as
long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir
you up by putting you in remembrance ;
knowing that shortly I must put off this
my tabernacle, even as our Lord Jesus
Christ hath showed me."-1 Pet. i. 13, 14:
in Goth. arch. a canopied stall or niche;
a cabinet or shrine ornamented with
open-worked tracery, etc.; an arched
canopy over a tomb; also, a tomb or
monument: (naut.) an elevated socket
for a boat's mast, or a projecting post
to which a mast may be hinged when
it is fitted for lowering to pass beneath
bridges.-FEAST OF TABERNACLES, the last
of the three great annual festivals of the
Israelites, which required the presence
of all the people in Jerusalem. Its ob-
ject was to commemorate the dwelling
of the people in tents during their jour-
neys in the wilderness; and it was also a
feast of thanksgiving for the harvest and
vintage. It was celebrated in autumn,
at the conclusion of the vintage, and
lasted eight days, during which the
people dwelt in booths made in the
streets, in courts, or on the tops of their
houses, of the leafy branches of certain
trees. These booths were intended to
represent the tents in which the Israel-
ites dwelt in the wilderness. [L. taber-
naculum, & tent, & dim. from taberna, a
hut, a shed, a tavern, from root of labula,

a board, a tablet, a table.) TABID, tab'id, adj., tasted by disease.-n.

TABʻIDNESS. L. tabid 18-tabeo, to waste away. TABLATURE, tabla-tür, n. something tab

ular : a painting on a wall or ceiling: a picture in general : (anat.) a division of the skull into two tables. (Fr., from L.

tabula, a board, plank.) TABLE, tabl, n. a smooth, flat slab or

board, with legs, used as an article of furniture: supply of food, entertainment: the company at a table: the board for backgammon or draughts: a surface on




which something is written or engraved: | TACES, tas'ēz, armor for the thigh. | TACT, takt, n, touch; feeling; "Did you that which is cut or written on a flat | TACET, tā'set, v. in music, same as TACE. suppose that I could not make myself surface : an inscription: a condensed [L., it is silent ; third pers. sing. pres. sensible to tact as well as sight, and statement: syllabus or index: (B.) a writ ind. of taceo, to be silent.]

assume corporeality as well as form." ing tablet. -v.t. to make into a table or TAC-FREE, tak'-frē, adj. in old law, ex Southey: peculiar skill or faculty ; nice catalogue : to lay on the table, i.e. to empt from rents, payments, etc.

perception or discernment; skill or postpone consideration of. [Fr. table-L. TACÀ, TACHE, tach, n, something used adroitness in doing or saying exactly tabula, a board, plank.)

for taking hold or holding: a small hook: what is required by circumstances; as, to TABLE-D'HOTE, ta'bl-dot, n. a meal for a catch : a loop : a button. “Make fifty be gifted with feminine tact.

several persons at the same hour and at taches of gold, and couple the curtains And loved them more, that they were thine, fixed prices. Fr., “ table of the host," together with the taches."-Ex. xxvi. 6. The graceful tact, the Christian art.- Tennyson; from the landlord presiding at the head A softened form of tack.)

"He had formed plans not inferior in of his own table.]

TACHE, tash, n. a spot or blemish. Chrubo grandeur and boldness to those of RicheTABLELAND, tā'bl-land, n. an extensive cer, (Fr.)

lieu, and had carried them into effect with flat of elevated land, like a table: a

First Jupiter that did

a tact and wariness worthy of Mazarin.”

Usurp his father's throne, plateau.

Of whom e'en his adorers write

-Macaulay: the stroke in beating time TABLET, tablet, n. a small table or flat

Evil taches many a one-Warner.

in music. Fr. tact, touch, feeling, tact, surface: something flat on which to TACHOMETER, ta-kom'et-er, n. an in. from L, tactus, from tango, tactum, to write, paint, etc.: a confection in a flat strument for measuring velocity; espe touch, from which stem also tactile, square form. (Dim. of TABLE.)

clally, (a) a contrivance for the purpose tangible, contact, contagion, etc. See TABLE-TALK, ta'bl-tawk, n., talk at table of indicating small variations in the ve also TASTE, TAX.) or at meals.

locity of machines, one form of which TACTABLE, tak'ta-bl, adj. capable of being TABLE-TURNING, tā'bl-turn'ing,n, move consists of a cup and a tube opening touched or felt by the sense of touch. ments of tables or other objects, attrib into its centre, both being partly filled “ They (women) being created to be uted by spiritualists to the agency of with mercury or a colored fluid, and at both tractable and tactable."--Massinger. spirits. tached to a spindle. This apparatus is

[See Tact.) TABOO, TABU, ta-boo', n. an institution wbirled round by the machine, and the TÁCTIC, tak tik, n. system of tactics. “It among the Polynesians by which certain centrifugal force produced by this whirl

seems more important to keep in view things are consecrated : probibition or ing causes the mercury to recede from

the general tactic on which its leader interdict. -v.t. to forbid approach to: to the centre and rise upon the sides of the was prepared with confidence to meet so forbid the use of :-pr.p. taboo'ing; pa.t. cup. The mercury in the tube descends unequal a force. It was the same that and pa.p. tabooed'. [Polynesian tabu or at the same time, and the degree of this Wallace had practically taught, and it tapu.]

descent is measured by a scale attached had just recently helped the Flemings to TABOR, TABOUR, tā'bor, n. a small drum, to the tube. On the velocity of the ma their victory of Courtrai."-J. H. Burton. played with one stick.-V.i. to play on a chine being lessened the mercury rises in

TACTICIAN, tak-tish'an, n. one skilled in tabor: to beat lightly and often. IO. Fr. the centre, causing a proportionate rise

tactics. (Fr. tambour) - Pers. 'tambúr, a kind of in the tube ; (b) an instrument for meas

TACTICS, tak-tiks, n.sing. the science or cithern. Cf. TAMBOURINE.)

uring the velocity of running water in TABOURET, tab'o-ret, TABRET, tab'ret, rivers, etc., as by means of its action on

art of manoeuvring military and naval

forces in the presence of the enemy: way n. a small tabour or drum. [Dim. of a flat surface connected with a lever

or method of proceeding. (Gr. taktikē TABOUR.)

above the surface carrying a movable TABULAR, tab'ū-lar, adj. of the form of

(technē, art, understood), art of arranging counterpoise, or by its action on the

men in a field of battle-tasso, taxo, to or pertaining to a table : having a flat vanes of a wheel, whose revolutions are surface: arranged in a table or schedule:

arrange.] registered by a train of wheelwork. [Gr.

TACTILE, tak'til, adj. that may be touched having the form of laminæ or plates. tachos, speed, and metron, measure.]

or felt. [L. tango, to touch. See TACT.] TABULATE, tab'ū-lāt, v.t. to reduce to TACIT, tas'it, adj. implied, but not ex

TACTION, tak'shun, n. act of touching: tables or synopses : to shape with a flat pressed by words.-adv TAC'ITLY. (L.

touch. surface.

tacitus, pa.p. of taceo, to be silent, to

TACTUAL,tak'tū-al, adj. relating to or deTACAHOUT, tak'a-hoot, n. the native name pass over in silence.] TACITURN, tas'i-turn, adj. habitually

rived from the sense of touch. . of the small gall formed on the tamarisk

TADPOLE. tad'pol. n. a young toad or tree (Tamarix indica). [Ar.] tacit or silent : not fond of talking: re

frog in its first state, having a tail. TACAŇAHAC, tak'a-ma-hak TACAMA served in speech. - adv. TAC'ITURNLY.

M. E. tadde, E. TOAD, and POLL, head.] HACA, tak-a-ma-hä'ka, n. the popular [L. taciturnus-tacitus.] name of Icica Tacamahaca, a tree of TÅCITURNITY, tas-i-turn'i-ti, n. habitual

TAFFEREL, taf'er-el, TAFFRAIL, taf'rāl, South America; also of the form of Calo 1 silence : reserve in speaking. [L. taci

n, the upper part of a ship's stern timphyllum Inophyllum occurring in Mada- turnitas.]

bers, which is flat like a table. [Dut. gascar and the Isle of Bourbon, and of TACK, tak, n. a short, sharp nail, with a

tafereel, a panel-tafel, a table.] Populus balsamifera, a tree of North broad head: the course of a ship in refer- TAFFETA, taf'e-ta, TAFFETY, taf'e-ti, n. America: a resin, the produce of Calo ence to the position of her sails : a lease. (orig.) silk stuff plainly woven: a thin, phyllum Inophyllum, and of Elaphrium -v.t. to attach or fasten, esp. in a slight |

glossy silk stuff, having a wavy lustre. tomentosum, a tree of Mexico and the manner, as by tacks.-V.i. to change the

[It. taffetà-Pers. tâftah, woven.] West Indies. It occurs in yellowish pieces, course or tack of a ship by shifting the TAG, tag, n. a tack or point of metal at of a strong smell, and a bitterish aromatic position of the sails. (Lit. that which the end of a string : any small thing taste.

attaches, from a root widely spread in tacked or attached to another: anything TACCA, tak ka, n. a genus of plants, the the Teut. (as Ger. zacke), Celt. (as Gael. mean.-v.t. to fit a tag or point to : to

type of the nat. order Taccaceæ, contain tac), and Romance tongues ; conn, with tack, fasten, or hang to :-pr.p. tagg'ing six or seven species, natives of trop ATTACH, ATTACK, and TAKE. Cf. Tag.] ing; pa.t. and pa.p. tagged.-n. and adj. ical Africa and America, the hotter parts TACKLE, tak'l, n. the ropes, rigging, etc., TAG'RAG, the rabble, or denoting it. [A of India, and the South Sea Islands. It of a ship: tools, weapons: ropes, etc., for weaker form of Tack.] consists of perennial, often large herbs raising heavy weights: a pulley. - v.t. TAIL, tāl, n. the end of the backbone of with tuberous roots, simple or pinnate to harness : (prov.) to seize or take hold an animal, generally hanging loose, and radical leaves, and greenish or brown of. [Dut. and Low Ger. takel ; conn. hairy: anything resembling a tail in apflowers arranged in an umbel av the top with TACK and TAKE.]

pearance, position, etc.: the back, lower, of a leafless scape, and surrounoed by an TACKLING, tak'ling, n. furniture or appar or hinder part of anything: anything involucre of simple bracts. From the atus belonging to the masts, yards, etc., long and hanging, as a catkin, train of tubers of some species, especially T. pin of a ship: harness for drawing a carriage, a comet, etc. [A.S. tægel ; Ger. zagel ; natifida, a white, highly nutritious sub tackle or instruments. (From TACKLE.] Goth. tagl, hair.] stance, like arrow-root, is separated, TACKSMAN, taks'man, n. a tenant or TAIL, tāl, n. (law) the term applied to an which is employed as an article of diet lessee.

estate which is cut off or limited to cerby the inhabitants of the Ma' uyan Pen TACONIC SYSTEM, ta-kon'ik sis'tem, n. tain heirs. [Fr. taille, cutting. See ENinsula and the Moluccas. TI 3 petioles in geol. a system of upper Cambrian or TAIL and RETAIL.] and stalks of T. pinnatifida, boiled for lower Silurian rocks lying in the United TAILOR, tāl'ur, n. one whose business is some time, are also employed as articles States to the east of the Hudson, and so to cut out and make men's clothes:of diet in China and Cochin-China.

named from the Taconic range in the fem. TAIL'ORESS.-v.i. to work as a tailor. TACE, tä'chā, in music, a direction that a western slope of the Green mountains. -n. TAIL'ORING, the business or work of

particular voice, instrument or part is to The system consists of slates, quartz-rock, a tailor. [Fr. tailleur-tailler, to cut. be silent for a certain specified time. and limestone.

Cf. above word.]

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