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supply: to conduct. [L. ad, to, and fit_for, or worthy of being adopted., privileges of men as to voting, etc. Now MINISTER.]

“The Liturgy or adoptable and gener fallen into disuse. (Amer.) Fr. avancer ADMINISTRATION, ad-min-is-trā'shun, n. ally adopted set of prayers."-Carlyle. -Prov. avant, abans, before-L. ab ante,

The act of administering: the power or ADOPTION, ad-op'shun, n. the act of from before.] party that administers.

adopting: the state of being adopted. ADVANCEMENT, ad-vans'ment, n. proADMINISTRATIVE, ad-min'is-trā-tiv, adj. | ADOPTIVE, ad-opt'iv, adj. that adopts or motion : improvement: payment of that administers. is adopted.

money in advance. ADMINISTRATOR, ad-min-is-trā'tur, n. | ADORABLE, ad-or'a-bl, adj. worthy of be ADVANTAGE, ad-vant'āj, n. superiority

one who manages or directs: he who ing adored.-adv. ADOR'ABLY.-n. ADOR'- | over another : gain or benefit. -v.t. to manages the affairs of one dying without ABLENESS.

benefit or profit. [Fr. avantage, It. making a will.-fem. ADMINISTRA'TRIX. ADORATION, ad-or-a'shun, n. divine wor vantaggio-Fr. avant, before. See AD-n. ADMINISTRATORSHIP, ship : homage.

VANCE. ADMIRABLE, admir-a-bl, adj. worthy of ADORATORY, a-dör a-to-ri, n. a place of ADVANTAGEOUS, ad-vant-a'jus, adj. of

being admired. - adv. AD'MIRABLY. -n. worship: a church or chapel. Southey. advantage: useful.-adv. ADVANTA'ADMIRABLENESS.

ADORE, ad-or'. v.t. to worship, to love in GEOUSLY.-n. ADVANTA'GEOUSNESS. ADMIRAL, admir-al, n. a naval officer of tensely.-adv. ADOR'INGLY. [L. ad, to, ADVENT, ad'vent, n., a coming or arri

the highest rank. Fr. amiral, from Ar. oro, to speak, to pray. See ORACLE.] val : the first or the second coming of amir, a lord, a chief.)

ADORER, ad-or er, n. one who adores: a Christ : the four weeks before Christmas. ADMIRALTY, ad'mir-al ti, n. the board of lover.

[L. adventus-ad, to, venio, to come. commissioners for the administration of ADORN, ad orn', v.t. to deck or dress. Also | ADVENTITIOUS, ad-vent-ish'us, adj. accinaval affairs.

obsolete form of pa.p. ADORNED. [L. dental : foreign.-adv. ADVENTI'TIOUSLY. ADMIRATION, ad-mir-a'shun, n. the act ad, to, orno, to deck : Sans. varna, color.) [See ADVENT.] of admiring : (obs.) wonder.

ADORNMENT, ad-orn'ment, n. ornament: | ADVENTUAL, ad-vent'ū-al, adj. relating ADMIRE, ad-mir', v.t. to have a high opin. decoration.

to Advent. ion of: to love.-adv. ADMIR'INGLY. (Fr. ADOWN, a-down', adv. and prep. down. | ADVENTURE, ad-vent'ūr, n. a risk or

admirer -L. ad, at, miror, to wonder.] (A.S, of-dune-of, from, dun, a hill. See chance: a remarkable incident: an enADMIRER, ad-mir'er, n. one who admires : Down, a bank.]

terprise.-v.i. to attempt or dare.-v.t. a lover.

ADRIFT, a-drift', adj. or adv. floating as to risk or hazard. [O. Fr.-L. adventuADMISSIBLE, ad-mis'i-bl, adj. that may driven by the wind): moving at ran rus, about to come or happen, fut.p. of

be admitted or allowed.-n. ADMISSIBIL" dom. [Lit. "on drift," a representing advenio. See ADVENT.] ITY.

A.S. on, on. See DRIFT.)

ADVENTURER, ad-vent’ūr-er, n. one who ADMISSION, ad-mish'un, ADMITTANCE, ad ADROIT, a-droit', adj. dexterous, skillful. engages in hazardous enterprises.-fem. mit'ans, n. the act of admitting : leave --adv. ADROITLY, 3-droit'li.-n. ADROIT' ADVENT'URESS. to enter.

NESS. [Fr. à, droit, right-L. directus, ADVENTUROUS, ad vent'ūr-us, ADVENADMISSIVE, ad-mis'iv, adj. having the straight. See DIRECT.]

TURESOME, ad-vent'ūr-sum, adj. enternature of an admission : containing an ADSCÍTITIOUS, ad-sit-ish'us, ad., added prising. -adv. ADVENTUROUSLY.-n. ADadmission or acknowledgment. “More or assumed : additional. [L. adscisco, VENT'UROUSNESS. admissive than excusatory."-Lamb.

-scitum, to take or assume-ad, to, scisco, ADVERB, ad'verb, n. a word added to a ADMIT, ad-mit', v.t. to allow to enter : to to inquire-scio, to know.]

verb, adjective, or other adverb to exlet in : to concede : to be capable of : | ADSIGNIFICATION, ad'sig-nif-i-ka-shun, press some modification of the meaning pr.p. admitt'ing: pa.p. admitt'ed. [L. n. an additional signification. “And in or an accompanying circumstance. [L. admitto, -missum-ad, to, mitto, to allow this opinion (viz. that there is no adsig adverbium-ad, to, verbum, a word. It to go.]

nification of manner or time in that is so called, not because it is added to a ADMIXTURE, ak-miks'tūr, n. what is which is called the indicative mood, no verb, but because it is a word (verbum) .added to the chief ingredient of a mix adsignification of time in that which is joined to, or supplemental of, other ture.

called the present participle) I am nei. words. ADMONISH, ad-mon'ish, v.t. to warn : to ther new nor singular.”—Horne Tooke. ADVERBIAL, ad-verb'i-al, adj. pertaining

reprove mildly. [L. ad, to, and moneo, ADULATION, ad--lā'shun, n. fawning : to an adverb.-adv. ADVERB'IALLY to put into the mind, akin to Ger, mah flattery. [L. adulor, adulatus, to fawn ADVERBIALIZE, ad-verb'i-al-iz, v.t. to nen, to remind ; Gr. menos, spirit, mind; upon. I

give the form or force of an adverb to: Sans. man, to think.]

ADULATORY, ad'ū-la-tor-i, adj. flattering. to use as an adverb. ADMONITION, ad-mon-ish'un, n. kind re- | ADULT, ad-ult', adj., grown : mature.-n. ADVERSARY, ad'vers-ar-i, n. an oppoproof : counsel : advice. Obsolete form a grown-up person. [L. adultus--ado

nent: an enemy.-THE ADVERSARY, in old authors, ADMONISHMENT. Insco, to grow. See ADOLESCENT.)

Satan. [L. adversarius. See ADVERSE. ADMONITORIAL, ad-mon-i-to'ri-a), adj. ADULTERATE, ad-ult'er-āt, v.t. to cor ADVERSATIVE, ad-vers'a-tiv, adj. denot

reproving: admonishing : having the rupt: to make impure (by mixing). [L. ing opposition, contrariety, or variety. manner of an admonitor. " Miss Tox adultero-ad, to, alter, other; as if, to [See ADVERSE.) .... has acquired an admonitorial I make other than genuine.]

ADVERSE, ad'vers, adj. acting in a contone, and a habit of improving passing | ADULTERATION, ad-ult-er-ā'shun, n. the trary direction: opposed to: unfortuoccasions.”Dickens.

act of adulterating: the state of being nate.-adv. AD'VERSELY.-n. AD'VERSEADMONITORY, ad-mon'i-tor-i, adj. con adulterated,

NESS. [L. adversus--ad, to, and verto, taining admonition.

ADULTERER, ad-ult'er-er, n. a man guilty versum, to turn. 1 ADO, a-doo', n. a to do: bustle : trouble. of adultery.-fem. ADULT'ERESS.

ADVERSITY, ad-vers'i-ti, n. adverse cir. [Contr. of at do, a form of the inf. bor ADULTERINE, ad-ult'er-in, adj. resulting cumstances; affliction : misfortune. rowed from the Scandinavian.)

from adultery: spurious.-n. the off ADVERT, ad-vert', v.i. (used with to) to ADOBE, a-dūb', n. sun-baked brick used for spring of adultery.

turn the mind (to): to regard or obbuilding houses in New Mexico, and ADULTEROUS, ad-ult'er-us, adj. guilty of serve. (L. ad, to, and verto, to turn.) other parts of the Mexican border region. adultery.

ADVERTENCE, ad-vert'ens, ADVERT. (Amer.)

ADULTERY, ad-ult'er-i, n. violation of the ENCY, ad-vert'en-si, n. attention to: ADOLESCENCE, ad-o-les'ens, n. the period marriage-bed. [See ADULTERATE.

heedfulness : regard. of youth.

ADUMBRATE, ad-umbr'āt or ad'-, v.t. to ADVERTISE, ad-vert-iz' or ad'., v.t., to ADOLESCENT, ad-o-les'ent, adj., growing give a faint shadow of: to exhibit imper turn attention to: to inform : to give

to manhood. [L. ad, to, and olesco, to fectly.-n. ADUMBRA'TION. [L. ad, to, public notice of. [Fr., from L. See AD. grow, allied to alo, to nourish.] umbra, a shadow.)

VERT.1 ADONIS, a-do'nis, n. a kind of wig former | ADUSK, a-dusk', adj. or adv. in the dusk ADVERTISEMENT, ad-vert'iz-ment or ad

ly worn. “He puts on a fine flowing or twilight: dark. “To die and leave vert-iz'ment, n. the act of advertising or adonis or white periwig.”-Graves.

the world adusk.-E. B. Browning. making known: a public notice in a ADOPT ad-opt', vit, to choose : to take as (Rare.)

newspaper or periodical. one's own what is another's, as a child, ADVANCE, ad-vans', v.t. to put forward, ADVERTISER, ad-vert-iz'er, n. one who etc. [L. adopto-ad, to, and opto, to or to the van: to promote to a higher advertises : a paper in which advertise. wish, choose.)

office : to encourage the progress of: to I ments are published. ADOPTABILITY, a-dopt-a-bil'i-ti, n. the propose : to supply beforehand.-v.i. to ADVICE, ad-vis', n. counsel : in pl. intelli

state of being adoptable: the capability move or go forward : to make progress : gence. [O. Fr. advis, Fr. avis--L. ad cf being adopted : also, that which can to rise in rank.-n. progress : improve visum, according to what is seen or be adopted or made use of. “The select ment: a giving beforehand.-IN AD- seens best.) adoptabilities._Carlyle.

VANCE, beforehand. ADVANCED FEMALE, ADVISABLE, ad-viz'a-bl, adj. that may be ADOPTABLE, a-dopt'a-bl, adj. capable of, a woman who claims the rights and advised or recommended : prudent : ex

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AFFRONT, af-frunt', v.t. to meet front to subsequently. [A.S. cefter, and weard, | AGGREGATE, ag'greg-át, adj. formed of front : to insult openly.-n. contemptu towards, in direction of.]

parts taken together.-n. the sum total, ous treatment. [Fr. affronter-L. ad, AGA, ā'ga, n. a Turkish commander or | -adv. AG'GREGATELY. to, front-, the forehead.]

chief officer. [Turk. agha, Pers. ak, AGGREGATION, ag-greg-a'shun, n, act of AFFÜSION, af-fū'zhun, n. the act of pour. aka, a lord.]

aggregating : state of being collected to ing upon or sprinkling. [L. ad, to, AGAIN, a-gen', adv. once more: in re gether : an aggregate. fundo, fusum, to pour.]

turn : back. [A.S. on-gean, again, oppo- | AGGRESSION, ag-gresh'un, n. first act of AFIELD, a-fēld', adv. to, in, or on the site; Ger, ent-gegen.] Also pronounced | hostility or injury. [L. aggredior, -gressus field.

a-gān', at least in poetry, as evidenced -ad, to, gradior, to step.). AFLOAT, a-flot', adv. or adj. floating: at by following passages.

AGGRESSIVE, ag-gres'iv, adj. making the sea : unfixed.

When she was eased of her pain.

first attack.-n. AGGRESS'IVENESS. AFLOW, a-flo', adj. or adv. in a loose, Came the good lord Athelstane,

AGGRESSOR, ag-gres'ur, n. one who atwaving state: flowing. “With gray

When her ladyship married again.-Thackeray.

tacks first. hair aflow."-Whittier. (Rare.)

O that 'twere possible

AGGRIEVE, ag-grēv', v.t. to press heavily

After long grief and pain AFOOT, a-foot', adv., on foot.

To find the arms of my true love

upon : to pain or injure. [o. Fr. agrever, AFORE, a-för', prep. (obs.) before.

Round me once again !--Tennyson.

Sp. agraviar-L. ad, to, and gravis, AFOREHAND, a-för'hand, adv. before the AGAINST, a-genst', prep. opposite to: heavy. See GRIEF, GRIEVE.)

regular time of accomplishment: in ad in opposition to: in provision for. AGHAST, a-gast', adj. stupefied with horvance.

(Formed from again, as whilst from ror. [Properly agast; M. E. agasten, to AFORESAID, a-for'sed, adj., said or while.

terrify; A.S. intens. pfx. a, and gæstan, named before.

AGAPE, a-gāp', adj. or adv. gaping from to terrify. The primary notion of the AFORETIME, a-för'tim, adv., in former or wonder, expectation, or attention. [Lit. root gæs- (Goth. gais-) is to fix, stick ; past times.

“on gape," from prefix a (for A.S. on, to root to the spot with terror. See AFRAID, a-frād', adj. struck with fear : on), and GAPE.)

GAZE.) timid. [From root of AFFRAY.]

AGATE, ag'āt, ñ, a precious stone com- | AGILE, ajil, adj., active: nimble. (L. AFRESH, a-fresh', adv. anew. [a, on, and posed of layers of quartz, of different agilis-ago, to do or act.] FRESH.)

tints. [Gr. achatēs, said to be so called be AGILITY, aj-il'i-ti, n. quickness of motion: AFRICANDER, af'rik-an-der, n, a native cause first found near the river Achates nimbleness. of Cape Colony or the neighboring re in Sicily.

AGIO, ā'ji-o, n. the difference in value begions born of white parents.

AGE, aj, n. the ordinary length of human tween metallic and paper money: disAFRICANIZE, af'rik-an-ize, v.t. to place life: the time during which a person count. [It. aggio, agio, rate of exchange, under the control of African negroes. or thing has lived or existed : mature same as agio, ease, convenience.]

years : legal maturity (at 21 years) : a AGITATE, aj'i-tāt, v.t. to keep moving: to AÈT, aft, adj. or adv. behind: near or tow period of time: a generation of men: a stir violently: to discuss. [L. agito,

ards the stern of a vessel. [A.S. æft, century.-v.i. to grow old :-pr.p. āg'ing; freq. of ago, to put in motion. See which is short for æfter.]

pa.p. äged. [Fr. age, 0. Fr. edage-L. ACT.) AFTER, aft'er, adj. behind in place : later ætas=old L. cvitas-L. cvum, age ; AGITATION, aj-i-tā'shun, n. commotion : in time: more toward the stern of a ves cog. with E. EVER.]

perturbation of mind : discussion. sel.-prep. behind, in place: later, in AGED, āj'ed, adj. advanced in age : hav AĞITATOR, aj'i-tāt'ur, n. 1, one who extime : following, in search of: in imita ing a certain old people.

cites public commotion : 2, a name given tion of: in proportion to: concerning. AGEING, ājing, n. in calico-printing, a to certain officers in the time of Cromadv. subsequently: afterward. [A.S. process during which the color pre well appointed by the army to manage æfter, comp. of af, or of, the primary viously deposited on the outside of the their concerns. There were two from meaning being more off, further away ; fibre gradually penetrates it and becomes each regiment. [In this sense the proper -ter as a comparative affix is seen in L. more firmly attached.

spelling is probably Adjutator, meaning al-ter, E. o-ther. See OF.]

AGENCY, āj'ens-i, n. the office or business : not one who agitates but one who AFTERACT, aft'er-akt, n. an act after or operation or action of an agent.

assists.] They proceeded from those subsequent to another.

AGENDA, aj-end'a, n., things to be done : elective tribunes called agitators, who AFTERBIRTH, aft'er-berth, n. the pla a memorandum-book : a ritual. [L. had been established in every regiment centa and membranes which are expelled agendus, fut. p. pass. of ago, to do.]

to superintend the interests of the army." from the womb after the birth.

AGENT, āj'ent, n. a person or thing that -Hallam. AFTERCLAP, aft'er-klap, n. an additional acts or exerts power: one intrusted with | AGLOW, a-glo', adj. very warm : red-hot.

and generally unjust demand, beyond the business of another. [L. ago, to do. See GLOW.] the bargain originally made. (Amer.) See Act.]

AGMATOLOGY, ag-ma-tol'o-ji, n. in sury. AFTERCROP, aft'er-krop, n., a crop com- | AGGLOMERATE, ag-glom'er-āt, v.t. to that department of the science which ing after the first in the same year.

make into a ball : to collect into a mass. treats of fractures ; also, a treatise on AFTER-DINNER, aft'er-din-er, adj. hap -v.i. to grow into a mass. [L. glomus, fractures. [Gr. agma, agmatos, a frac

pening or done after dinner; as, an glomeris, a ball. See CLEW, GLOBE.] ture, and logos, a discourse.] after-dinner speech : sometimes used | AGGLOMERATION, ag-glom-er-a'shun, n. AGMINATE, ag'min-āt, AGMINATED, substantively * An after-dinner's nap." a growing or heaping together : a mass. ag'min-āt-ed, adj. crowded: closely -Tennyson.

AGGLUTINATE, ag-gloot'in-āt, v.t. to packed : specifically applied in anat. to In after-dinner talk

cause to adhere by glue or cement. [L. certain glands or follicles in the small Across the walnuts and the wine.-Tennyson. agglutino-ad, to, gluten, glue. See intestine. Called also Peyer's Glands. AFTERMATH, aft'er-math, n. a second GLUE.

(L. agmen, agminis, a crowd, a band.] crop of grass. (See Mow, MEADOW.] AGGLUTINATION, ag-gloot-in-a'shun, n. AGNATE, ag'nāt, adj. related on the AFTERMOST, aft'er-most, adj. hindmost. the act of uniting, as by glue : adhesion father's side: allied.-n. a relation by [A.S. ceftemest ; Goth. af-tuma, -tuma, of parts.

the father's side. [L.-ad, to, nascor, to being equiv. to L. -tumus in op-tumus, AGGLUTINATIVE, ag-glõõt'in-āt-iv, adj. be born. See COGNATE.] best. Goth. has also af-tum-ists=A.S. tending to or having power to cause ad AGNOSTIC, ag-nos'tik, n. one who holds æf-tem-est, which is thus a double super hesion.

that we know nothing of the superlative. In aftermost, r is intrusive and AGGRANDIZE, ag'grand-iz, v.t., to make natural.-n. AGNOS TICISM. sa, priva-most is not the adv. most.]

great or larger : to make greater in tive, and Gr. gnostikos, good at knowing. AFTERNIGHT, aft'er-nit, adv. in the power, rank, or honor. [Fr., from L. ad, See GNOSTIC.) evening. (Amer.)

to, and grandis, large.]

AGO, a-go', AGONE, a-gon', adv., gone : AFTEPNOON, aft'er-noon, n. the time be AGGRANDIZEMENT, ag-grand-īz'ment, n. past : since. [Pa.p. of A.S. agan, to pass tween noon and evening.

act of aggrandizing: state of being ag away-inten. pfx. a, and gan, to go.] AFTERPIECE, aft'er-pēs, n. a farce or grandized.

AGOG, a-gog', adj. or adv. eager. (Ety. other minor piece performed after a AGGRAVATE, ag'grav-āt, v.t. to make doubtful.] play.

worse : to provoke. (L. ad, to, gravis, AGOING, a-gõ'ing, adv., going on : current. AFTER-SHAFT, aft'er-shaft, n. in ornith. heavy. See GRAVE.]

AGONIZE, ag'o-niz, v.t. to struggle, suffer a supplementary or accessory shaft fur- | AGGRAVATION, ag-grav-ā'shun, n. a agony. nished with barbs or fibres, given off at making worse : any quality or circum AGONIZING, ag'o-nīz-ing, adj. causing the point of junction of the shaft and stance whicb makes a thing worse.

agony.-adv. AG'ONIZINGLY quill of most feathers except those of the | AGGREGATE, ag'greg-āt, v.t. to collect AGONY, ag'o-ni, n. a violent struggle : wings and tail.

into a mass : to accumulate. [L. aggrego, extreme suffering. [Gr.-agon, contest.] AFTERWARD, aft'er-ward, AFTERWARDS, -atum, to bring together, as a flock-ad, AGRAFFE, AGRAFF, a-graf', n. a sort aft'er-wardz, adv, in after-time : later: to, grex, gregis, a flock.]

of clasp or hook. “An agraffe set with




brilliants."-Sir W. Scott. Fr. agrafe, | AIL, āl, v.t. to give pain : to trouble.-v.i. ful readiness : promptitude. (L. alacris, a hook, a clasp. See AGGRAPPES.]

to feel pain : to be in trouble.-n. trouble : brisk.] Braided tresses, and cheeks of bloom,

indisposition. [A.S. eglan, to pain. See | ALAMODE, a-la-mod', adv., according to Diamond agraf and foam-white plume.-Landor, AWE.

the mode or fashion. [Fr. à la mode. AGRAPHIA, a-graf'i-a, n. in pathol. a form AILMENT, äl'ment, n. pain: indisposition : ALARM, a-lärm', n. notice of danger: sudof aphasia, in which the patient is unable disease.

den surprise with fear : a mechanical to express ideas by written signs. [Gr. a, AIM, ām, v.i. (with at) to point at with a contrivance to arouse from sleep.-v.t. to priv., and graphò, to describe, to write. weapon: to direct the intention or en call to arms: to give notice of danger : See APHASIA.]

deavor.-v.t. to point, as a weapon or to fill with dread. [Fr. alarme-It. all AGRARIAN, ag-rā'ri-an, adj. relating to firearm.-n. the pointing of a weapon : arme, to arms-L. ad, to, arma, arms.]

land : applied especially to Roman laws the thing pointed at: design : intention. ALARMIST, a-lärm'ist, n, one who excites for the equal distribution of the public [O. Fr. esmer, to recķon-L, æstimare, to alarm : one given to prophesying danlands. [L. agrarius-ager, a field. See estimate. See ESTIMATE.)

ger. - adj. ALARM'IST, alarming. - adv. ACRE.] AIMLESS, ām'les, adj. without aim.

ALARM'INGLY. AGRARIANISM, ag-rā'ri-an-izm, n. an AINO, i'nő, n. one of a tribe found in the ALARUM, a-lär'um, n. and v.t. Same as equal division of lands.

interior of Yesso, in the south of Sakhalin ALARM. AGREE, a-grē', v.i. to be of one mind : to and the Kurile Islands, supposed to be ALAS, a-las', int. expressive of grief. Fr.

concur: (fol. by to) to assent to: (fol. by the remains of the aboriginal population. hélas-L. lassus, wearied.] with) to resemble, to suit :-pa.p. agreed'. They are remarkable for their hirsute | ALB, alb, n. a white linen vestment reach[Fr. agréer, to accept kindly-L. ad, to, ness, in many cases the bodies, and still ing to the feet, worn by priests. [L.. and gratus, pleasing.]

more frequently the legs and arms, being albus, white.] AGREEABLE, a-grē'a-bl, adj. suitable : covered with short, bristly hair. The ALBANY-BEEF, awlb-ny-bēf', n. the sturpleasant.-adv. AGREE'ABLY. word is also used adjectively.

geon, a fish which ascends the Hudson AGREEABLENESS, a-grē'a-bl-nes, n. suit- AIR, ār, n. the fluid we breathe : the at river as far as Albany, and a part of whose ableness : conformity : quality of pleas mosphere: a light breeze: a tune : the

flesh resembles beef. (Amer.) bearing of a person :-pl. affectation. ALBATROSS, alba-tros, n. a large, longAGREEMENT, a-grē'ment, n. concord : v.t. to expose to the air: to dry: to ex winged, web-footed sea-bird, in the Southconformity: a bargain or contract.

pose to warm air. (Fr.-L. aër-Gr.) ern Ocean. [Corr. from Span. alcatraz, AGRICULTURAL, ag-ri-kult'ūr-al, adj. AIR-BED, ār'-bed, n. a bed for the sick, in a white pelican.) relating to agriculture.

flated with air.-AIR-CELL, ār'-sel, n. a ALBEIT, awl-bē'it, adv. although: notAGRICULTURE, agʻri-kult-ūr, n. the art cavity containing air.-AIR-CUSHION, ār' withstanding. [Be it all.]

or practice of cultivating the land. [L. koosh'un, n, an air-tight cushion, which ALBESCENCE, al-bes'ens, n. the act or agricultura-ager, a field, cultura, culti can be inflated.-AIR-ENGINE, ār'-en'jin, state of growing white or whitish. [L. vation. See CULTURE.]

n. an engine put in motion by air ex albesco, to grow white, from albus, white.) AGRICULTURIST, ag-ri-kultūr-ist, n. one panded by heat.-AIR-GUN, ār'-gun, n. a ALBINO, al-bi'no, n. a person or animal skilled in agriculture.

gun which discharges bullets by means whose skin and hair are unnaturally AGRIN, a-grin', adj. or adv. in the act or of compressed air. — AIRINESS, ār'i-nes, white, and pupil of the eye red :-pl.

state of grinning: on the grin. “His n. state of being airy : openness : liveli ALBI'NOS. [It. albino, whitish-L. albus, visage all agrin.Tennyson.

ness.-AIRING, ār'ing, n. exposure to the white. AGRIOLOGIŠT, ag-ri-ol'o-jist, n. one who air or fire: a short excursion in the open ALBUM, al'bum, n. among the Romans, a

makes a comparative study of human air.-AIR-JACKET, ār'-jak'et, n. a jacket white tablet or register: a book for the customs, especially of the customs of man with air-tight cavities, which being in insertion of portraits, autographs, etc. in a rude or uncivilized state. Max Mül flated renders a person buoyant in water. [L. albus, white.] ler. (Gr. agrios, pertaining to a wild state, -AIRLESS, ār'les, adj. void of air: not ALBUMEN, al-būʼmen, n., the white of and logos, a discourse.]

having free communication with the eggs : a like substance found in animal AGRIOLOGY, ag-ri-ol'o-ji, n. the com open air.-AIR-PUMP, ār'-pump, n. an in and vegetable bodies. [L.-albus, white.]

parative study of the customs of man in strument for pumping the air out of a ALBUMINIFORM, al-bū-min'i-form, adj. his natural state.

vessel.-AIR-TIGHT, ār'-tit, adj. so tight formed like or resembling albumen. AGRONOMIAL, ag-rõ-no'mi-al, adj. same as not to admit air.-AIR-VESSEL, ār' ALBUMINIMETER, al-bū-mi-nim'e-ter, n. as AGRONOMIC. Lord Lytton.

ves'el, n. a vessel or tube containing air. an instrument for measuring the quanAGROPE, a-grop', adv. gropingly. E. B. AIRWARDS, ār' werds, adv. up in the air : tity of albumen contained in any subBrowning.

upwards. “Soar airwards again.” stance. AGROUND, a-grownd', adv. stranded. | Thackeray.

ALBUMINOID, al-bū'min-oid, adj. like al[Prefix a, on, and GROUND.]

AIRY, ār'i, adj. consisting of or relating to bumen. [ALBUMEN and Gr. eidos, form.] AGRYPNOTIC, ag-rip-not'ik, n. in med. air : open to the air : like air: unsub-| ALBUMINOUS, al-bü'min-us, adj. like or

something which tends to drive away stantial : light of heart: sprightly.-adv. | containing albumen. sleep. [Gr. agrypnos, sleepless.]


ALBURNUM, al-burn'um, n. in trees, the AGUE, ā'gū, n. a fever coming in period- | AISLE, il, n. the wing or side of a church : white and soft parts of wood between the

ical fits, accompanied with shivering :) the side passages in a church. [Fr. aile, inner bark and the heart-wood. L.chilliness. [Fr. aigu, sharp-L. acutus. 1 0. Fr. aisle-L. axilla, ala, a wing.]

albus, white.] See ACUTE.T AISLED, ild, adj. having aisles.

ALCALDE, al-kal'dā, n., a judge. [Sp.AGUISH, ā'gū-ish, adj. having the quali- | AJAR, a-jär', adv. partly open. (Lit. “on Ar. al-kadi-kadaj, to judge.] ties of an ague : chilly : shivering.

the turn,” A.S. on, on, cyrr, a turn. See | ALCHEMIST, alkem-ist, n. one skilled in AH, ä, int. an exclamation of surprise, CHAR, work.)

alchemy, joy, pity, complaint, etc. [Fr.-L. ; Ger. AKE, old English spelling of ache.

ALCHEMY, ALCHYMY, al ki-mi, n. the ach.

AKIMBO, a-kim'bo, adv. with hand on hip infant stage of chemistry, as astrology AHA, X-hä', int. an exclamation of exulta and elbow bent outward. [Pfx. a, Celt. was of astronomy. A chief pursuit of

tion, pleasure, surprise, or contempt. cam, crooked, with superfluous E. Bow.) the alchemists was to transmute the AHEAD, a-hed', adv. further on: in ad AKIN, a-kin', adj., of kin : related by other metals into gold, and to discover

vance : headlong.. [Prefix a, on, and blood : having the same properties. [OF the elixir of life. Also, in old authors, a HEAD.] and KIN.]

mixed metal formerly used for various AHOY, a-hoi', int, a nautical term used in AKKAD, AKKADIAN. See ACCAD, AC utensils, hence a trumpet. Milton. [Ar. hailing. (Form of int. Hoy.) CADIAN.

al=the; Gr. cheo, to pour, to melt, to AHULL, a-hul', adv. (naut.) with sails ALABASTER, al'a-bas-ter, n. a semi-trans mix: hence chymeia or chemeia, a mix

furled, and helm lashed, driving before parent kind of gypsum or sulphate of ing, and chymic or chemic, applied to the the wind, stern foremost. [a, on (-A.S. Time: the fine limestone deposited as processes of the laboratory. See CHEMon, and HULL.

stalagmites and stalactites.-adj. made ISTRY.] AID, ād, v.t. to help, assist.-n. help: as of alabaster. (Gr. alabastros, said to be ALCOHOL, al'ko-hol, n. pure spirit, a liquid

sistance: an auxiliary : subsidy, — adj. derived from Alabastron, a town in generated by the fermentation of sugar AID'LESS. (Fr. aider-L. adjutaremad, Egypt.]

and other saccharine matter, and formand juvo, jutum, to help.)

ALACK," a-lak', int. an exclamation de ing the intoxicating element of fermentAIDE-DE-CAMP, ād'-de-kong, n. a mili noting sorrow. [Prob. from M. E. lak, ed liquors. [Ar, al-kohl-al, the, qochi, tary officer who assists the general : loss. See LACK.)

fine powder.] pl. AIDES-DE-CAMP. (Fr., assistant of the ALACK-A-DAY, a-lak'-a-dā, int. an excla- | ALCOHOLIC,' al-ko-bol’ik, adj. of or like camp.]

mation of sadpess. [For, “ah! a loss to alcohol. AIDER, ād'er, n. one who brings aid: a day.”]

ALCOHOLIZE, al'ko-hol-iz, v.t. to convert. helper.

ALACRITY, a-lak'ri-ti, n, briskness : cheer-| into alcohol : to rectify.

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