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wonderful anomalies presented by the empire, we find “ What thing that paper talkie ; can do, eh?The answer a people still unsubdued by the government! The was probably in this strain—" Oh yes, Pokei, this can Chinese, taking them generally, are a hard-working do; only a little alteration more better.” Poor Fokei race; and the happy insensibility -or rather vitiation runs and brings a pen, the little alteration is made, and of their olfactory nerves, has rendered them very learned it is needless to add that the thing is ten times more in manures of all kinds. Stubble, fish, burnt earth and ridiculous than it was before.' weeds, oil-cake, bones, shells, old lime, soot, ashes, and, The following is a canal adventure :-In China, the above all, night-soil, are eagerly collected ; and the canal is the traveller's highway, and the boat is his horrible manure tanks of the cities are looked upon by all carriage, and hence the absence of good roads and classes, rich and poor alike, with perfect complacency. carriages in this country. Such a mode of conveyance Mr Fortune does not mention what is, in reality, a very is not without its advantages, however little we may important element in the fecundity of the fields—the think of it in England; for as the tide ebbs and flows shaving of about a hundred million beards and polls. through the interior for many miles, the boats proceed In short, the state of the manure business alone among with considerable rapidity; the traveller, too, can sleep this singular people would seem to render it very imo comfortably in his little cabin, which is, in fact, his probable that they leave any considerable portion of house for the time being. fertile soil in a state of nature.

• The canal, after leaving Shanghae, leads in a northIn general, the personal adventures with which Mr erly direction, inclining sometimes a little to the west; Fortune's narration is varied, are almost precisely simi- branches leading off in all directions over the country. lar to those that befell Mr Medhurst, when the pious Some very large towns and walled cities were passed missionary was traversing the coast, for the purpose of on our route, at one of which, named Cading, we halted distributing religious books, in spite of the opposition for the night just under the ramparts. I spread out of the authorities, and with or without the consent of my bed in my little cabin, and went to sleep rather the people. In both cases the two gentlemen pursued early, intending to start betimes with the tide next their several avocations (that of Mr Fortune being the morning, and get as far as possible during the ensuing search after new plants) in the face of a sometimes day. But, as my countryman says, hostile population, and with a coolness which, taken

“ The best laid schemes of mice and men gang aft aglie," with all the adjuncts of the picture, is not a little amusing. They went where they liked, they traversed and I awoke during the night by the cool air blowing towns and villages with equal impunity, they brow beat in upon my head through one of the windows of the the mandarins, kept the people in order, and seldom boat, which I had shut before I went to rest. I jumped came away without attaining their object. Mr Fortune, up immediately and looked out, and through the dark. however, was on two occasions somewhat roughly ness I could discern that we were drifting down the handled; although this is not by any means so sur canal with the tide, now coming in contact with some prising as the fact of his escaping at all.

other boat, which had been fastened up like ourselves The Chinese are not only industrious, but highly for the night, and now rubbing against the branches of teachable. At Chusan .it was astonishing how quickly trees which hung over the sides of the canal. I lost they got accustomed to our habits, and were able to no time in awaking my servant and the boatmen, who supply all our wants. Bread baked in the English rubbed their eyes with astonishment, and exclaimed mode was soon exposed for sale in the shops, and even that some robber must have boarded us. This had never ready-made clothes were to be had in any quantity. struck me before; but when I called for a light, I found The tailors flocked from all quarters : a large proportion that all my clothes, English and Chinese, were gone. of the shops near the beach were occupied by them; Our visitor, whoever he had been, after taking possession and they doubtless reaped a rich harvest, although they of all that the cabin contained, cut the rope by which made and sold every article of dress on the most reason we were fastened, and shoved us off into the centre of able terms. Then there were curiosity-shops without the canal, along which we had drifted a considerable number, containing josses or gods carved in bamboo or way before I awoke. Fortunately for me, the few stone, incense burners, old bronzes, animals of strange dollars I had with me were in my Chinese purse beforms, which only exist in the brains of the Chinese, neath my pillow.' and countless specimens of porcelain and pictures. The winter habits of the people are worth noticing. Silk shops, too, were not wanting; and here were to be . As the winter approached, the weather became exhad beautiful pieces of manufactured silk, much cheaper tremely cold, and in December and January the ice on and better than could be purchased in Canton. The the ponds and canals was of considerable thickness. embroidery in these shops was of the most elaborate The most attractive shops in the city now were the and beautiful description, which must be seen before it different clothing establishments, where all articles of can be appreciated : this the Chinese were making into wearing apparel were lined with skins of various kinds, articles, such as scarfs and aprons, for English ladies. many of them of the most costly description. The very

• The shopkeepers in Tinghae supposed an English poorest Chinese have always a warm jacket or cloak lined name indispensable to the respectability of their shops with sheep-skin, or padded with cotton, for the winter; and the success of their trade; and it was quite amusing and they cannot imagine how the Europeans can exist to walk up the streets and read the different names with the thin clothing they generally go about in. which they had adopted under the advice and instruc- When the weather was cold, I used always to wear a tion of the soldiers and snilors to whom they had ap- stout warm greatcoat above my other dress, and yet plied on the subject. There were “ Stultz, tailor, from the Chinese were continually feeling the thickness of London ;" * Buckmaster, tailor to the army and navy ;' my clothes, and telling me that surely I must feel cold, * Dominie Dobbs, the grocer ;' * Squire Sam, porcelain Their mode of keeping themselves comfortable in winter merchant;" and the number of tradesmen * to Her differs entirely from ours: they rarely or never think Majesty” was very great, among whom one was Tailor of using fires in their rooms for this purpose, but as the to Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and His cold increases, they just put on another jacket or two, Royal Highness Prince Albert, by appointment," and be- until they feel that the warmth of their bodies is not low the name was a single word, which I could not make carried otl' faster than it is generated. As the raw, damp out for some few seconds - Uniformsofalldescriptions. cold of morning gives way to the genial rays of noon, Certificates from their customers were also in great the upper coats are one by one thrown off, until evenrequest, and many of these were most laughable per ing, when they are again put on. In the spring months formances. The poor Chinese were never quite at their the upper garments are cast off by degrees; and when ease about these certificates, as they were so often the summer arrives, the Chinese are found clad in thin hoaxed by the donors, and consequently were conti- dresses of cotton, or in the grass-cloth manufactured in nually showing them to other customers, and asking the country. In the northern towns the ladies some

99

AN INCIDENT OF THE LAST WAR,

times use a small brass stove, like a little oval basket, scene was one of the strangest and most curious which having the lid grated, to allow the charcoal to burn and it has ever been my lot to witness.' the heat to escape; this they place upon their tables, or We have a strong notion that these are not offerings on the floor, for the purpose of warming the hands and to the gods, but to the ghosts. The Chinese are very feet. Nurses also carry these little stoves in their attentive to their defunct friends, sending them liberal hands under the feet of the children. Such, however, supplies of money, furniture, &c. (manufactured of gilt is the thickness and warmth of their dresses, that it is paper), and occasionally giving them grand entertainonly in the coldest weather they require them. Little ments similar to the above. There is one feast of the children in winter are so covered up, that they look dead, in particular, to which all those destitute ghosts like bundles of clothes, nearly as broad as they are long; are invited who have no living relatives to take care of and when the padding is removed in warm weather, it them. It occurs once a-year, by lamplight, and preis difficult to imagine that you see before you the same sents, as may be supposed, a most extraordinary scene. individuals.

Mr Fortune's error, if it be one, is caused by his habit We must conclude with what Mr Fortune calls of- of generalising. The above is a superstition of Buddhism, ferings to the gods.' "The periodical offerings to the the least considerable of the three Chinese sects, but gods are very striking exhibitions to the stranger who the only one which appears to have come in our tralooks upon them for the first time. When staying at veller's way. His remarks on religion, therefore, must Shanghae, in November 1844, I witnessed a most curi- be understood to apply only to a small portion of the ous spectacle in the house where I was residing. It people. In like manner, his account of the warm clothwas a family offering to the gods. Early in the morning, and cheap and comfortable living, of the very ing the principal hall in the house was set in order, a poorest Chinese,' is so utterly at variance not only with large table was placed in the centre, and shortly after the statements of former writers, but with the context wards covered with small dishes filled with the various of the recent history of the country, that it must be articles commonly used as food by the Chinese. All taken as referring to some special localities. Perhaps these were of the very best description that could be it is not irrelevant to such points to mention, that in procured. After a certain time had elapsed, a number three years spent among one of the most universally of candles were lighted, and columns of smoke and educated nations on the face of the earth-where the fragrant odours began to rise from the incense which whole country is thrown into a periodical tumult, rewas burning on the table. All the inmates of the house sembling a general election in England, by the public and their friends were clad in their best attire, and in examination of the schools — Mr Fortune never once turn came to ko-tou, or bow lowly and repeatedly in happened to detect a single Chinese in the act of readfront of the table and the altar. The scene, although it ing ! was an idolatrous one, seemed to me to have something very impressive about it; and whilst I pitied the delusion of our host and his friends, I could not but adınire

DAVIE CAMPBELL. their devotion. In a short time after this ceremony was completed, a large quantity of tinsel paper, made A NUMBER of years ago, there lived in the small village up in the form and shape of the ingots of Sycee silver of Duddingston, near Edinburgh, a family named Campcommon in China, was heaped on the floor in front of bell, consisting of a man and his wife, who were conthe tables ; the burning incense was then taken from siderably beyond middle life, and their only son, a boy the table and placed in the midst of it, and the whole of fourteen years of age. The Campbells had retired on consumed together. By and by, when the gods were a trifle realised in trade, and their only care now censupposed to have finished their repast, all the articles tered in their child, David. Davie, as they called him, of food were removed from the tables, cut up, and con was not an ill lad, but he was a little flighty and sumed by people connected with the family.

wilful, as most only sons are, from over-indulgence. In On another occasion, when at Ning-po, having been particular, it was somewhat grievous that he maniout some distance in the coun it was night, and dark fested a poor taste for learning, and greatly preferred before I reached the east gate of the city, near which I playing with mimic boats on Duddingston Loch to was lodged in the house of a Chinese merchant. The attending the parish school. The truth was, Davie's city gates were closed, but two or three loud knocks young imagination had been fired with the ambition of soon brought the warder, who instantly admitted me. being a sailor, in consequence of listening to tales of I was now in the widest and finest street in the city, sea-life related by old Sandy M‘Taggart, now a jobbing which seemed in a blaze of light, and unusually lively gardener in the village, but in former days a mariner for any part of a Chinese town after nightfall. The on board the British fleet. sounds of music fell upon my ear-the gong, the drum, Of course, like all boys who go crazy about a sea-life, and the more plaintive and pleasing tones of several Davie Campbell knew nothing of the hardships of the wind instruments. I was soon near enough to observe profession, and only looked to the supposed pleasures of what was going on, and saw, at a glance, that it was a sailing about the ocean, and seeing strange and distant public offering to the gods, but far grander and more parts of the globe. Accident effected what his parents striking than I had before witnessed. The table was never would have permitted. In company with old spread in the open street, and everything was on large Sandy, he went on a little pleasure voyage on the Firth and expensive scale. Instead of small dishes, whole of Forth, and on landing at night at Leith, they were animals were sacrificed on the occasion. A pig was seized by a pressgang, and taken on board a war vessel placed on one side of the table, and a sheep on the lying in the roads. In the morning, when the age of other; the former scraped clean in the usual way, and Sandy was ascertained, he was dismissed; but Davie, it the latter skinned. The entrails of both were removed, can scarcely be said against his will, was entered on the and on each were placed some flowers, an onion, and a ship's books. knife. The other parts of the table groaned with all What a dreadful blow was this to the Campbells ! the delicacies in common use amongst the respectable Their only hope in life vanished. As soon as they came portion of the Chinese-such as fowls, ducks, numerous to their senses, they set off to Leith to make inquiries compound dishes, fruits, vegetables, and rice. Chairs as to the ship, and, if possible, to bring home their son. were placed at one end of the table, on which the gods Their excursion was useless. The ship was gone, and were supposed to sit during the meal, and chop-sticks no one could tell whither. What a melancholy evening were regularly laid at the sides of the different dishes. was that in the once happy cottage! The demon War A blaze of light illuminated the whole place, and the had carried off its victim. But a long succession of smoke of the fragrant incense rose up into the air in melancholy days followed: three years elapsed, and yet wreaths. At intervals, the band struck up their favou, not one word was received from the lost son. Had the rite plaintive national airs; and altogether, the whole / unhappy pair possessed a reasonable knowledge of the

world, they might have found means to discover whether London and Southampton, and light vans, as they were Davie was in the land of the living, and in what vessel called, upwards of two days; so that the patience of the he was rated. But they were simple in manners, and old couple was tried considerably before they reached the had little knowledge of business. Oppressed with their latter town. Eagerly they hurried down to the water's feelings of bereavement, they seem to have considered edge to look for a king's ship; but not one was to be that no other means of discovering their lost son was seen in the harbour. Mournfully they stood gazing on open to them but that of personal inquiry. Confirmed the lovely expanse of the Southampton water; for they in this idea, they actually at length set off on a pil. were strangers in a strange land, and there was no one grimage in quest of their boy.

to help them. Those were stirring times : there were We are writing of an incident which occurred when few idiers on the quay to answer their questions ; 80 the process of travelling was considerably different they once more turned their steps to the inn where the from what it is at present. The notion of the Camp- van had deposited them. Here they found the driver, bells was, that they would somehow get intelligence who, having a friend just about to start with his wagon of their son in London, and to the metropolis, there for Poole, recommended them to go by it, as he affirmed fore, they bent their way ; taking places in a wagon, that they were there more likely to find ships than at which was to perform the journey in little more than a any other port. fortnight. The way was long and dreary ; but love and But we are wishing to go to a place called Portshope imparted a ray of cheerfulness to the travellers, mouth or Plymouth, where the big ships come,' said and at last, with unabated determination, they arrived old Campbell. in the vast metropolis. Fortunately, the wagoner was * And Poole is on the way there,' answered the ras. an honest man, and before he left them, he saw them cally wagoner, who, provided he got his fare, cared comfortably housed in a respectable though humble inn little for the inconvenience to which the old couple in the city, where they might recover from their fatigue might be put. The result, at all events, was, that to before they commenced their search on the morrow. Poole they went. Poole is a town in Dorsetshire, on Scarcely had the itinerant venders of milk, water, the coast, close to Hampshire, and from it the high cresses, and other necessaries and luxuries commenced cliffs of the Isle of Wight at the entrance of the Solent their daily cries, than the old couple sallied forth, sup are clearly seen. A river with low mud banks flows porting each other's steps ; and, by making numerous past it, but is not navigable for vessels of any size; so inquiries, at last found their way down to the river's that when the anxious parents hurried down to the side. Here, to their inexpressible disappointment, they quay, they were again doomed to suffer the bitter pangs discovered only a crowd of small schooners, brigs, of disappointment. and cutters, for it was in the neighbourhood of Billings Thinking that the nearer they got to the sea, the gate; and even they could discern that such were not the nearer they should be to him whom they sought, they craft they could hope to find their son on board. They walked on to the very end of the wharf extending along were told, however, that larger ships were moored the side of the river, their eyes wandering over the lower down the river ; so, after returning to their inn blue shining waters of the Channel, now rippled over to brcakfast, they once more set out in their search.

only by a gentle summer breeze from the north. While This time they reached a part of the river below the standing there, they were accosted by a fisherman whose Tower of London, where the docks are now to be found. | boat was made fast to the quay. Ilere they saw a number of large ships; but when they •What are you looking after, master and mistress ?' asked if any of them were king's ships, some people he asked. laughed at them, others thought them silly, and scarcely We want to find our son, sir-our only son-who is deigned an answer; nor for a long time could they in some king's ship; but though we have already wanobtain any information to guide their proceedings. At dered many a weary mile, we have not yet met with last a seaman, who was standing on the quay chewing any one who can tell us where he is to be found,' anhis quid, turned round as they were making inquiries of swered the dame. some other persons, and in good honest Scotch asked . Well, it's no easy job you will have to find him them what they wanted, telling them that the chances among the hundreds of ships in the navy,' said the were that those they spoke to did not comprehend a fisherman. “But if you want to go on board a king's word they said. The old people, highly delighted at ship, there's one now just coming out by the Needle finding a countryman, and one who appeared willing Passage, and mayhap you will find your son on board to assist them, were not long in explaining their of her. Now, if you will give me ten shillings, I will wishes.

run you alongside of her with this breeze in no time.' “If your son has gone on board a man-of-war, you * And is that truly a king's ship?' exclaimed the old will not find him here,' replied the honest sailor. You people together, looking towards the spot to which the must seek for him at Portsmouth or Plymouth; but to fisherman pointed. “Heaven be praised if we should tell you the truth, I don't see that you have much find our son on board of her!' chance of finding him. A hundred to one that you * There's no doubt about her being a king's ship, and may have to travel half round the world before you fall a fine frigate to boot,' answered the fisherman ; and in in with him. However, if you are determined to look that respect he spoke the truth, though his only object after him, go down to one of those ports, and make in inducing them to embark was to get their money. inquiries on board all the ships there, and perhaps you Without for a moment considering the expense, and may find some one who knows him.' So good did this forgetting all their fears of the water, they eagerly advice appear to Campbell and his wife, that they took their seats in the boat, which was only just large determined to follow it, and thanking the Scotch sailor enough to bear them safely ; and the fisherman, loosenfor his kindness, they immediately returned to their ing his sails, ran down the river, and shaped his course inn.

so as to cut off the frigate, which was standing closeOn making inquiries, they found that the Portsmouth hauled along the coast. van, which was to start the next morning, was full, but The frigate seen by our old friends was the San Fiothat there was one about to set off for Southampton--a renzo, conimanded by Sir Harry Burrard Neale, and was town, they were told, on the sea close to Portsmouth; now on her way from Portsmouth to Weymouth to reand as their geographical knowledge was not very exten-ceive on board his Majesty King George III., of whom sive, they fancied that they were as likely to find their Sir Harry was most deservedly an especial favourite. son at the one place as at the other. So eager were they The king was at that time residing at Weymouth, to to proceed, that on the same evening they commenced enjoy the benefit of sea-air, when he constantly made their journey:

short excursions on the water on board the San FioIn those times coaches occupied the best part of renzo. As Sir Harry was pacing the quarter-deck, twenty-four hours in performing the journey between conversing kindly with some of his officers, he observed,

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some time after they had cleared the Needles, a small his Egeria in glens and groves ; Béranger in streets and boat standing out to sea.

cafés. The pabulum of Burns's youthful genius was • Where can that fellow be running to?' he asked of ballads and heroic stories ; that of Béranger the French his first lieutenant. • Is he not making signals to us? classics. Burns was disturbed only by the small poleTake your glass and see.'

nics of rural society; while Béranger, from his very Yes, sir; there are two people in her waving to us,' boyhood, was jostled by the stupendous events of the answered the officer after glancing through his tele- Revolution, the Empire, and the Restoration. Notscope.

withıstanding this difference, however, they both drew It will not delay us long,' observed Sir Harry partly their inspiration from nature; they are both men of to himself; 'so heave the ship to, Mr and we will the people;' and they are both regarded with almost see what it is they want.'

idolatrous affection by their countrymen. The main-topsail was accordingly thrown aback, and Burns appeared at a time when he was required by in two minutes more the boat with the old Campbells the human mind. The cycle bad gone round, and was alongside. A midshipman then hailed them, and another great poet came to civilise" and refine the asked them what they wanted.

spirits of men, by giving new forms and fresh energy Speaking both together, they endeavoured to explain to ideas of the beautiful and the true. Béranger was themselves.

called forth by the requirements of his class and nation. • What is it the people in the boat want?' asked Sir The time had come when the whole social system was Harry.

to be stirred up from the bottom, in order that the • They are a man and a woman, and as far as I can PEOPLE, for the first time in France, might struggle make out, sir, they are asking for their son,' replied into their natural and appointed place. But the people the midshipman.

had as yet no poetry. There was no music in the 'Let them come on board, and we will hear what they national literature which could awaken the echoes of have to say,' said the kind-hearted captain ; and with the heart. Hence Béranger was necessary.

He was some little difficulty old Campbell and his wife were at the bard of the republic, whose province in the Revolength got on deck, and conducted aft to Sir Harry, lution was to cast down the lofty rhyme,' and open

• For whom are you inquiring, my good people?' Parnassus to the vulgar. asked the captain.

Béranger has always been found difficult to translate; "Our bairn, sir; our bairn!' answered the mother. and as years flow on, the difficulty will increase. To * For many a weary day have we been looking for him, understand him, we must understand the epoch, the and never have our eyes rested on his face since the manners, the men; and when these become matters of fatal morning when he was carried off from Leith.' history, their poet, too, will belong to the past. This, • What is his name?' inquired Sir Harry.

however, is a great destiny. It is only a master-mind David, sir ; David Campbell. He was called so after which can identify itself with the age it belongs to, and his father,' answered the old dame.

enshrine itself for ever in its annals. But let us not be * We have a man of that name on board,' observed understood to say that there are none of the songs of the first lieutenant to the captain. 'He is in the watch Béranger which will live, and which deserve to live, inbelow.'

dependently of their epoch. There are many in this • Let him be called on deck,' said Sir Harry; "and we category, although they do not amount to any considerwill see if these good people acknowledge him as their able proportion of his works; and it should be recolson.'

lected that their eventual influence upon French liteThe name was passed along the deck below, and in a rature will be still more important than the personal minute a fine active youth was scen springing up the achievements of the individual. main-hatchway. A mother's eye was not to be deceived. We have pleasure in noticing a new translation of It was her own Davie. It is—it is my ain bairn!' she the songs of Béranger by Mr Anderson of Glasgow,* cried, rushing forward to meet him; and regardless of who has happily approached the spirit of the original, the bystanders, before the youth had recognised her, to and, as respects previous versions, .effected some imhis utter astonishment she clasped him in her arms, provements in point of taste. The only specimen we and covered his cheek with kisses.

can afford room for gives a good idea of the style and Little more need be said. The Poole fisherman was spirit of the poet; but we copy it likewise for another dismissed, and old Campbell and his wife were allowed object. to remain with their son till the ship again sailed from

THE OLD VAGRANT. Weymouth. Satisfied that their son was well and happy, they returned with contented hearts to their

Well, in this ditch I reach at last,

Old, weak, and tired, my closing day; cottage at Duddingston, where young David some time

Folks say I've drunk, then hurry past; after paid them a visit, and employed his time so well,

Good! there's no pitý thrown away. before he again went to sea, in learning to write, that

Yet some across their shoulders glance; they never again had to remain long in suspense as to

Others a mite or two have thrown: his welfare.

Nay, hasten on, you'll miss the dance ;

Old vagrant, I can die alone! Sir Harry Burrard Neale used frequently to narrate the extraordinary circumstance of the old couple, with

Yes; here, of age, they'll say I'll die;

For hunger never kills of course. out the slightest clue to guide them, discovering their

llow often for the work house I long-lost son on board his ship. Indeed the incident is

Have sighed as for a last resource! so strange, that unless vouched for by some such autho

But filled each hospital I found, rity, it could not possibly be believed.

So poor the people now are grown.
Ne'er nurse had I but the cold ground;

Old vagrant, there I'll die alone!
BÉRANGER.

In youth, the artisans I prayed

For leave a useful craft to learn.

• We are but half employed,' they said ; The title of The Burns of France' has been given to

* With us thy bread thou canst not earn.' Béranger, and delightedly accepted by him ; but, with

Ye rich, who still. Go, work,' repeat, all due respect for the French poet, we must protest

Scraps from your board you gave, I own; against it as inappropriate. Burns and Béranger are

Stretched on your straw my sleep was sweet:

I curse not, but I die alone. distinctly dissimilar in their works, and also in their genius. The one is a peasant- poet, the other a mechanic-poet; the one belongs to the country, the other

* Lyrical Poems by Pierre-Jean de Béranger; Selected and

Translated by William Anderson. With a Biographical Notice by to the town; the one appertains to the world and to

the Translator, revised by the Poet. Edinburgh: Sutherland and time, the other to a nation and an epoch. Burns wooed Knox. 1847.

I might have stolen, poor soul, 'tis true;
But no: I'll beg, and trust in God.

THE OLD CHURCH.
At most, the fruit I plucked, that grew

I stood within those ancient walls: time's ruthless sway I felt-
Over the hedges on my road.

The curtained niche was still unchanged wherein my childhood Yet twenty times, by statute-book,

knelt; They barred me in their prisons lone;

Where girlhood's thoughts of vanity roamed from the sacred I owned but sunlight-that they took.

shrine Poor vagrant, I can die alone!

Oh memories how full and deep throng this changed heart of

mine!
Oh, can the poor a country have ?
What are to me your corn and wino ;

Before that solemn altar my young sister knelt a bride;
Your industry; your armies brave;

I viewed the gallant company with childish glee and pride :
Your parliaments, where statesmen shino!

With wreaths of fairy roses, and tears so strangely springing,
When in your fields, seized by his power,

I sported down the sombre aisles while marriage peals were
The stranger reaped what you had sown,

ringing.
Like a true fool my eyes did shower.

And again at that old altar, in the spring-time of my youth,
Old vagrant, I shall die alone!

Robed in the mystic veil, I heard confirmed my vows of truth :

'Mid bands of young companions, and hand in hand with one, Why, as mere noxious reptiles viewed,

Whose sweetness even then was doomed-whose death-call forth
Men, do you crush us 'neath your beel?

had gone.
Instruct our minds in what is good;
We'll labour for the public weal.

Within those sacred walls I knelt a newly-wedded wife,
Saved from the storm 'neath leafy screen,

With girlhood's smiles yet lingering, and hope still charming life :
The worm, in time, an ant has grown;

The old familiar faces! that looked good-by with pain,
I, too, your brother might have been ;

May never gaze on my changed brow, nor I on theirs again!
Your enemy, I die alone!

And now within this noble pile, once, once again I kneel

Father! 'tis thou alone canst know the pangs thy creatures feel : If the above touching stanzas wanted the last one, Fond memories are clinging fast, dark shadows claim their sway; they would resemble too closely the complaints of Long years have passed-one vivid dream--since childhood's care

less day! English philanthrophists touching the oppression of classes : but Béranger goes more deeply into the real All is unchanged within these walls, all as in days of yore ;

And so 'twill be in future years, when I shall be no more : wrongs of the vagrant, and the real neglect of his

And plaints as mournful as my own, from living lips that come, *superiors.' The unfortunate is a burden to himself,

Will sound, old church, along thy aisles, like voices from the tomb! and a disgrace to his country, not because he has been

C. A. M. W. left by the rich in a state of poverty, but in a state of ignorance. Ignorance is the mother of idleness, whose

WHOLESALE INFANTICIDE IN MANCHESTER | progeny is want and vice.

Here, in the most advanced nation of Europe—in one of the largest towns of England--in the midst of a population unmatched for its energy, industry, manufacturing skill

in Manchester, the centre of a victorious agitation for comSEARCH FOR WIVES.

mercial freedom--aspiring to literary culture—where PerWhere do men usually discover the women who after- cival wrote, and Dalton lived-thiricen thousand three hunwards become their wives ? is a question we have occasion- dred and siaty-tuo children perish in seven years over and ally heard discussed; and the result invariably coine to is above the mortality natural to mankind ! These little worth mentioning to our young-lady readers. Chance has children, brought up in unclean dwellings and impure much to do in the affair ; but then there are important streets, were left alone long days by their mothers to governing circumstances. It is certain that few men make breathe subtile, sickly vapours-soothed by opium, a more a selection from ball-rooms, or any other places of public cursed distillation than hellebore--and when assailed by gaiety; and nearly as few are influenced by what may be mortal diseases, their stomachs torn, their bodies concalled showing off in streets, or by any allurements of vulsed, their brains bewildered, left to die without medical dress. Our conviction is, that ninety-nine hundredths of all aid, which, like hope, should come to all '—the skilled the finery with which women decorate, or load their per- medical man never being called in at all, or only summoned ions, go for nothing, as far as husband-catching is con

to witness the death, and sanction the funeral.- Report of | erned. Where and how, then, do men find their wives ? the Registrar-General for the quarter ending Sept. 30, 1816. a the quiet homes of their parents or guardians--at the reside, where the domestic graces and feelings are alone monstrated. These are the charms which most surely

A merchant should be an honourable man. Although caract the high as well as the humble. Against these, ait a man cannot be an honourable man without being an the finery and airs in the world sink into insignificance. being honourable. Honesty refers to pecuniary affairs ;

honest man, yet a man may be strictly honest without We shali illustrate this by an anecdote, which, though honour refers to the principles and feelings. You may pay

will not be the worse for being again told. In the year 1773, Peter Burrell, Esq. of Beckenham, in Kent, your

debts punctually, you may defraud no man, and yet whose health was rapidly declining, was advised by his you may act dishonourably. You act dishonourably when physicians to go to Spa for the recovery of his health. you give your correspondents a worse opinion of your rivals Ilis daughters feared that those who had only motives

in trade than you know they deserve. You act dishonourentirely mercenary would not pay him that attention ably when you sell your commodities at less than their which he might expect from those who, from duty and

real value, in order to get away your neighbours' customers. affection united, would feel the greatest pleasure in minis

You act dishonourably when you purchase at higher than tering to his ease and comfort: they therefore resolved to

the market price, in order that you may raise the market accompany him. They proved that it was not a spirit of upon another buyer. You act dishonourably when you dissipation and gaiety that led them to Spa, for they were

draw accommodation bills, and pass them to your banker not to be seen in any of the gay and fashionable circles: for discount, as if they arose out of real transactions. You they were never out of their father's company, and never duct is at variance with your real opinions. You act dis

act dishonourably in every case wherein your external constirred from home except to attend him, either to take the honourably if, when carrying on a prosperous trade, you air, or drink the waters : in a word, they lived a most recluse life in the midst of a town then the resort of the

do not allow your servants and assistants, through whose most illustrious and fashionable personages of Europe. exertions you obtain your success, to participate in your This exemplary attention to their father procured these prosperity. You act dishonourably if, after you have bethree amiable sisters the admiration of all the English at

come rich, you are unmindful of the favours you received Spa, and was the cause of their elevation to that rank in

when poor. In all these cases there may be no intentional life to which their merits gave them so just a title. They conduct. --GilbartLectures on Ancient Commerce.

fraud. It may not be dishonest, but it is dishonourable, all were married to noblemen—one to the Earl of Beverley, another to the Duke of Hamilton, and afterwards to the Marquis of Exeter, and a third to the Duke of Northum

Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also

sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow; W. S. ORR, berland. And it is justice to them to say that they re 147 Strand, and Amen Corner, London; and J. M'GLASHAX, ficcted honour on their rank, rather than derived any from 21 D'Olier Street, Dublin.-Printed by W. and R. CHAMBERS,

Edinburgh,

WHAT A MERCHANT SHOULD BE.

not new,

it.

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