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the pulse and the respiration are both accelerated; more with an expression which testified the truth of his asseroxygen, it may be presumed, is consumed; more heat tion. is generated ; the blood is made to circulate more
I have brought my children to see you, as we are making rapidly, and is sent in larger quantities into the ex.
a few weeks' stay in the neighbourhood for the benefit of tremities, and where, in consequence, the excess of heat my daughter's health.' is conveyed and expended, and its accumulation in the observed ; and I am sorry that my dame is not at home to
Miss looks very delicate,' the old man compassionately central and deep-seated organs prevented, affording wait upon her. It is only on market days that she goes another striking example of harmonious adaptation.'
out: I am very sorry it has so happened.' Dr Davy truly observes that the extension of these “I am sorry that we shall not have the pleasure of seeing observations over a greater number of subjects will lead your good wife to-day; but we could not foresee that she to wider results, from which ‘more particular inferences would be absent : indeed I did not know that you supplied may be drawn, especially in conjunction with respira- the markets.' tion and the heart's action, not without interest to Oh, my dear master, I have grown quite a farmer of physiology; and they may admit of important practi- late. I have a cow, and a pig, and a roost of fowls ; and cal application to the regulation of clothing, the taking my dame takes butter and eggs to the market every week.' of exercise, the warming of dwelling-rooms-in brief, to
'I am truly rejoiced to hear that you have been so prog
perous, Thompson.' various measures conducive to comfort, the prevention of disease, and its cure.
“Yes,' the old man rejoined ; 'I was never in better cirA step in advance is made if cumstances, or happier in my life.' it is only determined that, in the healthiest condition
"You seem always of a happy contented disposition,' of the system, there is danger attending either extreme, observed Mr Vincent. 'I never knew you to dwell much either of low uniform temperature, or of a high uniform upon the dark side of things.' temperature ; and that the circumstances which are No, sir ; I always thought that it was not only more proper to regulate variability within certain limits, not pleasant, but also more profitable, to look on the bright prevent it, are those which conduce most to health, as side ; for a man cannot work when he is down hearted. well as to agreeable sensation, enjoyment, and length Besides, we may always find blessings in our path if we of life.'
only look for them; and I would rather thank God for his mercies, than murmur at the troubles he sees fit to lay on
me. But,' he added with a half-repressed sigh, 'we have THE WEALTH OF CONTENTMENT. had a sore trial since I saw you last, which is, I think, sir,
nearly fourteen years ago a very sore trial,' and he dashed Poor and content is rich, and rich enough.'
a glistening drop from his furrowed cheek with the sleeve of SMAKSPEARE.
• Our poor daughter and her husband both died 'We will this morning, if you please, take a walk up the in one week of a fever which was raging in these parts ; turnpike-road, instead of our accustomed stroll to the and they left two children--babies you might have called beach,' said Mr Vincent, addressing his children.
them, for the eldest was not three years old-with no * Why, papa? Do you not think that the beach is much other provision than the workhouse.' more pleasant ?' expostulated the youngest, a spirited boy "That was indeed an affliction,' exclaimed Mr Vincent ; of twelve.
one which needed no small exercise of Christian fortitude “Yes, Charles, if I had no other object in view than the to sustain. And what has become of the little orphans ? pleasure of the walk; but I wish to pay a visit to an old lie asked. acquaintance-I may say an old friend-who lives in this Why, sir, my dame says to me, says she, “ Well, John, neighbourhood.'
we've lived together for these five-and-twenty years, and • Oh, that alters the case ; I did not think that you knew never wanted bread, and let us trust to Providence that any one here. Is he known to us?'
we may not want it in our old age, and share our crust •No; nor do I remember even having mentioned him to with the poor darlings." That's just like her, sir ; she has a you; but I wish you to accompany me, because I hope true woman's heart, and she's always the first in erery good that the visit may afford you both gratification and profit.' work.'
• Is he rich, papa ? and has he beautiful pleasure-grounds * But I will venture to say that you were nothing loath to show us?" Charles eagerly inquired.
to second the proposal ?' Mr Vincent rejoined. He is rich, and he has beautiful pleasure-grounds; but * That I wasn't, sir ; though, to be sure, we had a hard I shall not tell you anything more concerning him till you matter at first to fill their little mouths, and my old have seen him.'
woman had a good deal of extra labour and trouble; but "Oh, papa, you have quite excited my curiosity: there God has made these trials the means of a blessing; for of must surely be something very peculiar about this gentle- all the good grateful boys that ever lived, my little Sam is man: pray let us go. Does he live far off?
the best. He's a stout healthy lad now, and takes all the Not more than a mile. Do you think that you can walk heavy work off my shoulders: he's gone to-day with his 80 far, Luoy?' he asked, addressing a palo delicate girl who grandmother and sister to carry the basket. Then, sir, stood by his side, attired in her sea-side bonnet and plain Polly is the cleverest little maid you ever saw; she's my muslin dress.
dame's right hand: I don't know what we should do withOh yes, dear papa ; I feel so much stronger than I did out either of them.' The old man had by this time conwhen we first came here; and we shall, I suppose, have a ducted his visitors into the sitting-room of the cottage, rest when we reach your friend's house?
which was in perfect keeping with the exterior. Lucy was *Certainly; we are sure of a hearty welcome. I can delighted with everything she beheld, but Charles stood promise you that Mr Thompson will be pleased to sce by with an air of evident disappointment. you.'
It is often the case that, by doing a generous or kind "Thompson! Is he any relation to the poet?' Charles action without any hope of reward, we find a distant and interrogated.
altogether unexpected good result to ourselves,' Mr VinNot that I know of,' Mr Vincent returned with a smile.cent remarked, in connexion with the old man's last obserThe father drew the hand of his invalid danghter within vation. his arm, whilst his light-hearted and light-footed son “That I take, sir, to be tho meaning of the Scripture bounded forward, full of anticipations of delight from the proverb, “ Cast thy bread upon the waters, and thou shalt coming visit.
find it after many days."' •What a beautiful little cottage!' Lucy suddenly ex * True; and I think I may apply that proverb with equal claimed, as, on turning an angle of the road, a small appropriateness to a lesson which you taught me when a thatched dwelling, literally overgrown with honeysuckles boy, and which you did not expect perhaps that I should and jessamine, met their view. The words had scarcely remember and profit by to this day.' escaped her lips ere a vencrable old man, who was leaning I, sir?' over the gate, looking anxiously towards Mr Vincent, as if Yes; it was when you were in my father's service as recognising a familiar face, came forth and grasped the gardener. I camo running one evening to you whilst you extended hand of that gentleman, who greeted him as his were at work, in order to vent my ill-humour in fretful good friend Thompson.'
murmurs against some individual who had caused me a * This is an unexpected pleasure, my dear young master,' trifling disappointment. You listened with patience to my he oried, whilst his intelligent countenance was lighted up complaints, and then very quietly said, “Master Vincent,
I have myself had a very heavy disappointment to-day, I named had appeared as a candidate, wrote three letters have lost a sum of money which I have for years looked to the academy in his favour, designating the piece only by forward towards possessing, intending with it to set up in the motto, without giving the author's name. The academy, business as a market gardener: it was a severe blow, young fancying from this that the king himself (Louis XVIII.) gentleman; but I said to myself, it's no use fretting about was among the candidates, and that the queen was eager what can't be altered; my best way will be to go cheerfully for his success, accorded him the prize, or at least thought on with my duties, and think of the blessings I still possess, they had done so; but, on opening the capsule, they were instead of spending my time in vain regrets. Perhaps this not a little astonished to find, in lieu of the august name money might not have done me the service which I thought of Leopold's brother, the name of a common officer of the it would, if I had had it; and I may be happier after all queen. if I obtain an independence by my own industry. So I A fashionable authoress complimented Frederick the have comforted myself in this manner, Mr Vincent, and Great very extravagantly, saying that he was covered I am resolved to be satisfied with such things as I have.” with glory, was the paragon of Europe, and, in short, the You said no more on the subject, my friend, Mr Vincent greatest monarch and man on earth.' The king, rather continued ; 'you made no attempt to apply the lesson to distressed at this fulsomeness, replied, 'Madam, you are as my case; but my conscience did it for you; and I was so handsome as an angel, witty, elegant, and agreeable ; in thoroughly ashamed of my fretfulness and discontent, that short, you possess all the amiable qualities; but you paint.' I have never, I hope, given way to such feelings since that Louis XIV. was weak enough to relish flattery. He hour.'
found delight in singing the most fulsome passages of songs Their venerable host only smiled on this reminiscence of written in his own praise. Even at the public suppers, his early days, and apologising for his awkwardness, pro- when the band played the airs to which they were set, the ceeded to perform the rights of hospitality, by spreading monarch delighted his courtiers by humming the same before his guest the best fare his humble home afforded. passages. What sort of courtiers he had about him may This consisted of milk, home-made bread and butter, and be inferred from the fact that one of them, when dying, fruit.
begged pardon of the king for the ugly faces' which the Oh, papa, how could you say that Mr. Thompson was a acuteness of his suffering compelled him to make. friend of yours, when he was only a servant, and that he This vice of flattery and fawning sycophancy is somewas a rich man, and had beautiful pleasure-grounds?' | times practised even by reverend authors. Thus, in some Charles almost angrily exclaimed, when they had left the very adulatory doggrel on our present sovereign, written garden gate to return home.
by a minor canon of Windsor, we are assured that there is * And may not a servant be a friend ?' Mr Vincent asked. none so fair, so pure as she.' Many a servant,' he proceeded,' has been a true friend to Although the poet Young could complain that his master; and I think that I have proved to you, by the little anecdote I related, that Thompson was such to me.'
• The flowers of eloquence, profusely poured
O'er spotted vice, till half the lettered world,' * But how could you call him rich?' Charles interrogated.
and elsewhere exclaims, “He is rich, my son.'
Shall funeral eloquence her colours spread, How, papa ?
And scatter roses on the wealthy dead ? “I think that I can guess in what his riches consist,'
Shall authors smile on such illustrious days, Lacy interposed; “papa means that he is rich in content
And satirise with nothing-but their praise ?' ment.'
*I do, my dear girl; and that is the most valuable riches yet he himself disgraced his talents, and lowered his repua man can possess ; without it, he is poor and miserable, tation, by the mean flattery with which he stuffed his
This foible of his character is though he may be surrounded by everything which could dedications to great men. otherwise administer to his comfort and happiness.'
thus cleverly touched on by Swift:* But I thought that I should see a gentleman, and have
* And Young must torture his invention a delightful walk in the pleasure-grounds you spoke of. I
To flatter knaves, or lose his pension.' am certainly disappointed, papa. "I did not deceive you, Charles, even on this point; for
Sometimes authors heap the most outrageously absurd I am sure old Thompson's little flower and kitchen gardens measured way of praising, Jasper Mayne has no hesitation
laudation upon one another. In this reckless and unare better deserving the name of pleasure-grounds, than in saying of "Master Cartwright,' author of some tolerable many of the expensively laid out parterres of the wealthy; "Comedies and Poems' (1651) They frequently have flowers and shrubs, grottos and statues, and seldom or never visit them ; whilst I will *Yes, thou to nature hadst joined art and skill ; venture to say that the good old gardener we have just
In thee Ben Jonson still held Shakspeare's quill.' quitted experiences the most exquisite enjoyment from the cultivation of his pinks and roses. I noticed your dis
Mrs Thrale relates that Hannah More, on being introappointment and chagrin,' his father continued, though I duced to Dr Johnson, began singing his praise in the would not appear to do so, and it grieved me beyond warmest manner, and talking of the pleasure and the inmeasure to witness it ; but I have told you how, when a
struction she had received from his writings with the boy, I gave way to a similar spirit, and I now hope that highest encomiums. For some time he heard her with you will
, like me, take a lesson for your future life from that quietness which a long use of praise had given him ; this contented old man.'
she then redoubled her strokes, and, as Mr Seward calls it, peppered still more highly, till at length he turned
suddenly to her, with a stern and angry countenance, and LITERARY SYCOPHANCY.
said, “Madam, before you flatter a man so grossly to his HORACE WALPole, in his ' Letters,' relates that the Abbé face, you should consider whether or not your flattery is
worth having. Giustiniani, a noble Genoese, wrote a panegyric in verse on the empress queen.
• She rewarded him with a gold snuff-box set with diamonds, and a patent of theologian.
AFFECTION. Finding the trade so lucrative, he wrote another on the king of Prussia, who sent him a horn box, telling him that We sometimes meet with men who seem to think that he knew his vow of poverty would not let him touch gold; any indulgence in an affectionate feeling is weakness. and that, having no theologians, he had sent him a patent They will return from a journey and greet their families to be captain of horse in those very troops that he had with a distant dignity, and move among their children with commended so much in his verses ! I am persuaded that the cold and lofty splendour of an iceberg, surrounded by the saving the gold and brilliants was not the part which its broken fragments. There is hardly a more unnatural pleased his majesty the least.'
sight on earth than one of those families without a heart. In August 1787, the prize of poetry, proposed by the A father had better extinguish his boy's eyes than take Comte d'Artois, for an eulogy on Prince Leopold of Bruns away his heart. Who that has experienced the joys of wick, was granted to M. Terasse de Marseilles, an officer friendship, and values sympathy and affection, would not in the queen's household, although the public thought his rather lose all that is beautiful in nature's scenery, than be production inferior to that of M. Noel, professor in the robbed of the hidden treasure of his heart? Who would college of Louis le Grand, who obtained the first accessit ; not rather bury his wife than bury his love for her? Who but the queen, on being informed that her officer above I would not rather follow his child to the grave, than entomb
his parental affection ? Cherish, then, your heart's best
THE SONG OF THE SWORD. affections. Indulge in the warm and gushing emotions of
A PARODY ON THE SONG OF THE SHIRT.' filial, parental, and fraternal love. Think it not a weakness. God is love. Love God, love everybody, and everything
WEARY, and wounded, and worn,
Wounded, and ready to die, that is lovely. Teach your children to love ; to love the
A soldier they left, all alone and forlorn, rose, the robin ; to love their parents ; to love their God.
On the field of the battle to lie. Let it be the studied object of their domestic culture to
The dead and the dying alone give them warm hearts, ardent affections. Bind your whole
Could their presence and pity afford; family together by these strong cords. You cannot make
Whilst, with a sad and a terrible tone, them too strong. Religion is love ; love to God; love to
He sang the song of the sword. man.- American neuspaper.
Though a thousand fathers die; ARTS DERIVED FROM THE WORKS OF NATURE.
Though thousands of children cry; In the early days of railway engineering, we had com
Fight-fight-fight! menced by laying the iron rails on blocks of stone, placed
Whilst mothers and wives lament; apart; the engineer did not reflect upon the construction
And fight-fight-fight! of the human frame, in which the cartilage was placed to
Whilst millions of money are spent. support and protect the bones ; had he done so, he would
Fight-fight-fight! have then adopted a continuous bearing. Sir Christopher
Should the cause be foul or fair ; Wren, in the steeple of St Bride's, had shown the advan
Though all that's gained is an empty name
And a tax too great to bear : tages which might be derived from the works of nature.
An empty name and a paltry fame, Reflecting that the hollow spire, which he had seen or
And thousands lying dead; built in so many varieties, was but an infirm structure,
Whilst every glorious victory he sought some model which should enable him to give
Must raise the price of bread. it the utmost solidity and duration. Finding that the
War-war-war! delicate shell called turretella, though long, and liable to
Fire, and famine, and sword ; fracture from the action of the water amongst the rocks,
Desolate fields, and desolate towns, remained unbroken, in consequence of the central column
And thousands scattered abroad, round which the spiral turned, he adopted the idea.
With never a home and never a shed : Therefore, in the centre of the spire he placed the colu
Whilst kingdoms perish and fall,
And hundreds of thousands are lying doad, mella, surrounded by a spiral staircase, and had thus con
And all-for nothing at all. structed, if not the most beautiful, at least the most re
War-war-war! markable and enduring of any spire yet erected. Also,
Musket, and powder, and ball: when Brunnelleschi designed the dome of Santa Maria at
Ah! what do we fight so for? Florence, the diameter of which was nearly equal to that
Ah! why have we battles at all ? of the Pantheon, but which stood at more than twice the
'Tis justice must be done, they say, height from the pavement, upon a base raised on piers, it
The nation's honour to keep; was evident that, in giving it the same solidity as its ori
Alas! that justice is so dear, ginal model, the weight could not be supported on such a
And human life so cheap. foundation. But Brunnelleschi was an observer of nature ;
War-war-war! he reflected that the bones of animals, especially of birds,
Misery, murder, and crime,
Are all the blessings I've seen in theo had solidity without weight, through the double crust and
From my youth to the present time; hollow within. But, above all, he remarked that the
Misery, murder, and crimedome which crowned the human form divinc was con
Crime, misery, murder, and wo: structed with a double plate, connected together at in
Ah! would I had known in my younger days tervals, and thus the utmost strength and lightness were
A tenth of what now I know ! combined. Therefore he followed this model in the dome
Ah! had I but known in my happier days, of Santa Maria, and the traveller now ascends to the
In my hours of boyish glee, summit between the two crusts or plates forining the
A tenth of the horrors and crime of war inner and outer domes. The same contrivance was adopted
A tithe of its misery!
I now had been joining a happy band by Michael Angelo in the dome of St Peter's, and in almost
Of wife and children dear, every dome that had been constructed since that time.
And I had died in my native land,
Instead of dying here.
And many a long, long day of wo,
And sleepless niglits untold, The community at large have a very imperfect notion of
And drenching rain, and drifting snow, the sums of money which are expended in the publication
And weariness, famine, and cold; of books. Sir R. Worsley spent twenty-seven thousand
And worn-out limbs, and aching heart, pounds in the publication of his grand work, entitled
And grief too great to tell, Museum Worsleyanum, or an Account of his Collection
And bleeding wound, and piercing smart, of Antiquities,' in two volumes, imperial folio, privately
Had I escaped full well. printed during the years 1794 and 1803. There was an
Weary, and wounded, and worn, expenditure, and consequent risk, of twenty thousand
Wounded, and ready to die,
A soldier they left, all alone and forlorn, pounds on Dr Dibden's four works, The Spencer Library,
On the field of the battle to lie. * Ædes Althorpianæ,'. • Bibliographical Decameron,' and
The dead and the dying alone * Dibliographical Tour.' Dr Edmund Castell expended his
Could their presence and pity afford; whole fortune, twelve thousand pounds, on his • Lexicon
Whilst thus, with a sad and a terrible tone, Heptaglotton,' 1669; and he also lost his sight in pre
(Oh, would that these truths were more perparing the work, to which he is said to have devoted
fectly known!) eighteen hours daily for seventeen years. Dr Barnes spent — Fife Herald.
He sang the song of the sword.
PACIFICUS. his whole fortune on liia admirable and learned edition of Homer's Works,' published in two quarto volumes in 1711.
NOTE. The French Polyglot Bible of 1645, in ten folio volumes, was the undertaking of Guy Michel le Jay, an advocate of
Finding the interests of a contributor concerned in the matter, Paris, who, having spent his fortune on its completion, de
we take leave to state that a note to a tale entitled Next of Kin, in clined Cardinal Richelieu's offer to pay part of the expen
No. 457 of the Journal, was erroneous regarding the authorship of diture, on condition of the work being allowed to come
that story. It is said to have been by a person deceased, from whom forth in his name, preferring to submit to poverty rather
we had received another story entitled The Flitting; the fact being, than to share with any one the glory of so great an enter
as we afterwards discovered, that the paper was contributed by a
different person. prise. Mr Jungmann, a zealous Bohemian patriot, has lately sold a vineyard to defray the expense of publishing Published by W. & R. CHANBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also a dictionary of his native language. In England, the ex
sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow; W. S. OR, pense of publishing would be considerably lessened by the
147 Strand, and Amen Corner, London; and J. M'GLASHAN, removal of the nearly thirty per cent. tax on paper, and 21 D'Olier Street, Dublin.-Printed by W. and R. CHANBXRS, the hundred per cent. tax on advertisements.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR
THE PEOPLE, CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,' &c.
No. 159. New SERIES.
SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1847.
trace with eager interest the thread of a fictitious narCURIOSITY.
rative. It happens, fortunately, that this taste is not CURIOSITY, or the desire of knowing, is an instinct not always inconsistent with a proper attention to the real peculiar to the human race, although in the lower ani- business of society; for all students of the kind do not mals, as in some of our own species, it is bounded imagine, with the poet Gray, that supreme beatitude by the general narrowness of the intellect. An ape, consists in lounging upon a sofa morning, noon, and for instance, is satisfied with his examination of a night, and reading eternal new romances. Some study particular object; and although addicted more to the such productions as works of art; others peruse them analytical than the synthetical process, he contemplates for occasional recreation ; and a few have recourse to wisely its parts, and recognises them again when he them, as a more innocent kind of dram-drinking, in meets them as a whole. But this study leads to no those pauses of the world when their jaded minds would results beyond fun or mischief. The step in knowledge otherwise prey upon themselves. Still, there is no he has gained does not conduct him onwards. His in- doubt that vast numbers of weak minds, in all civilised quiry terminates when the immediate question is an- countries, look to them for nearly their sole intellectual swered; and his vagrant curiosity flits away to other food. In France, England, Germany—the most literary objects.
and enlightened nations in Europe—the press teems with In some portions of the human species we observe the fantastic brood; and in China, where one-third part nearly the same thing. The curiosity, for instance, which of mankind read, if they do not speak, one universal pries into the domestic affairs of other people, which language, fiction is the grand staple of the national pants to know the price of a bonnet, or the arrangement literature. of a dinner, is the same natural instinct neutralised for This passive curiosity, like the limited curiosity alall good purposes by the same intellectual weakness. ready described, is confined by the general weakness of If it were capable of going further-of being led on, the character of which it forms a part. Were it otherstep by step, from specialities to generals—of theorising wise, it would infallibly lead to the study of history, an individual character from the minute details of life which is still only narrative, although of a higher kind, -and ascending thence to speculations on the moral unfolding the destinies of men, not in little groups, but in status and destiny of the species—then would this kind large aggregates, and describing the action and reaction of curiosity, however annoying and vexatious in its of individuals and masses. I am not sure, however, exercise, be taken out of the category of vulgar instincts that a distaste for history is the result of romance readcommon to men and animals, and become one of the ing. The distaste already exists in the weakness of great agents in the progress of the human race. the character, and romances serve only to fill a mind
I do not complain of people for seeking to learn even which is of too confined a calibre to admit history. the most trifling particulars of my domestic economy ; As we ascend higher, we find the same instinct asbut I wish to know what they mean to do with them suming a more and more important character. No when obtained. Of what use are the scraps of informa- longer confined to the investigation of a neighbour's tion they collect with so much trouble? Have they domestic affairs, or fixed to the sofa in the lazy paradisplayed in the pursuit anything more than the unre- dise of the poet, it is busying itself with the courses flecting ingenuity of the ape? Are they capable of of the stars, tracing the affinities of eartl bodies, or turning their acquisitions to any wiser or more useful plunging into the depths of the human understanding. account? But the parallel is closer still; for in nine This moral chameleon takes its hue from the mind in cases out of ten the proceedings of the two animals, which it lives. The sciences had probably all their higher and lower, tend to mischief. The same weak- origin in mere curiosity, and often curiosity of a kind ness of character which leads people to waste their quite irrespective of eventual advantage. The great minds in such paltry inquisitiveness, prevents them men whose genius has enlightened the world did not from keeping to themselves what they may have gained. set about their task like one of the advertisers of British They are afflicted with an incontinence of knowledge, plate, who kindly took the trouble the other day of “disand to such an extent, that its acquisition would give covering' this substitute for silver on complaints reachlittle pleasure but for the prospect of retailing it. Hence ing his ears of the frequency of thefts of the real metal! gossip, scandal, slander, are the usual attendants upon Attracted at first by accident to a pursuit consonant to idle curiosity; and an imbecility becomes formidable their genius, they ascended, stage by stage, by unwearied which would otherwise be only pitied or despised. perseverance; and thus the little seeker of daisies and
Ascending from this limited curiosity, we arrive, a buttercups became in time a distinguished botanist ; degree higher perhaps, at passive curiosity—a passion, and the juvenile rabbit-keeper extended gradually his or rather habit, which abstracts itself from the things care over the whole animal kingdom, and enlightened and persons of life, to fix upon imaginary beings, and the world on the classifications of zoology. In such
cases the progress of the individual is not owing merely munications need not wait for steam, already too slow to stronger curiosity, but to general strength of cha- for our proud impatience : our commands are transracter, which impels him to press onwards and upwards mitted through the body of the waters with a velocity from every new acquisition. Without this his curiosity which mocks the lazy flight of a cannon ball! would never have led him beyond the meadow or the Such things seem wonderful to us, but they will be rabbit-hutch.
a very simple matter for posterity. The ratio of the It is hardly necessary to enlarge upon the wise pro- progress of invention and discovery is neither arithvision of nature in endowing different men with talents metical nor geometrical. In our generation we call it and propensities of a different kind. A very striking marvellous-what will it be in the next? If the art of analogy might be drawn in this respect between the printing confessedly performed such mighty things when intellectual and the physical world; in both of which its benefits were confined to the few, what will it do are soils of such different capacities and aptitudes, as to now that they are diffused among the multitude? How supply, in the aggregate, the varied wants and wishes many minds, that would otherwise have slept for ever, of the whole world. Education in the one is what cul- are at this moment awakening to intellectual life under tivation is in the other; and it should not be forgotten the influence of the cheap press of Great Britain! And of both, that wherever the weeds are strong, useful the work, be it remembered, to which these minds are plants will grow; and that the soil which is rich enough called is unlimited. There can be no glut of labour, for to produce articles of mere taste and luxury, will yield we are only at the opening of that eternal quarry, the as easily to our demands the useful and the admirable. riches and extent of which are beyond all imagination.
The progress and victories of curiosity in the present But nature, however wonderful, is always simple. age are reckoned marvellous; but the marvel is per- The great agent she employs in the human character is fectly susceptible of explanation. In former times, merely well-directed curiosity-a fact which must be owing to the limited diffusion of books, men worked in familiar to intelligent parents, and the observant ina great measure alone : each was mainly dependent structors of youth. The boy's tastes become the man's upon his own experience, receiving but little assistance business, and wo to those who fail to mould and train from that of others; and thus the acquisitions of a life- the former when as yet they are soft and ductile enough time added comparatively little to the general stock of to be acted upon by Education. knowledge. The workers in those days, owing to the want of education, were few; and thus science, like the Scriptural seed scattered by the sower, fell among
THE TWO A UNTS. thorns and stony places, and comparatively little upon ground adapted for its reception. All this was changed by the mere invention of a mechanical art certainly not HOWEVER necessary it may be to use the curb with remarkable for complication or ingenuity. Books were boys, there should, we think, be a leaning to mild prinmultiplied by the press, and knowledge gradually pene- ciples in the education of girls. The character to be trated throughout the holes and corners of society. The dealt with in the latter case is usually of a kind which mind of Europe awoke slowly from its slumber, and only can be nurtured into perfection by gentle treatthe movement became quicker and quicker every year, ment, and we never yet knew a female heart to possess till we are now confounded by its rapidity. How could any value which was only to be operated upon through it be otherwise? If a given number of minds produced the medium of fear. To mothers of the middle classes so much, what will not be produced when that number especially, where individuality of character is of imporis multiplied by many thousands ? But books, besides, tance, we would say, treat your daughters with all the serve as stages in our onward progress. No man has indulgence that may seem at all consistent with a prunow to pierce the wilderness for himself; the track is dent caution. Teach them, by kindness, to be generousdistinctly laid down, and his own difficulties and ser-hearted, unsuspicious, trusting, loving; let a consciousvices only commence when he has reached the farthestness that you wish, even in trifles, to make them happy, point attained by his predecessors.
strengthen the spring of hope in their minds, so that Let us not despise even the errors of the pioneers of this elastic feeling, surviving the ignorance of their science. Everything with them was a wonder and a childhood, and growing with their growth, may carry mystery. Their new-born curiosity led them, like the them forward through many a privation, many a subsewandering knights of old, to plunge into the depths quent trial; and then, even if none but adverse circumof primeval woods, and sound the horn at the gate of stances should await them, if the loving heart must enchanted castles. They traced a ghastly connexion meet a chill, the trusting heart be betrayed, never, never between the material and immaterial world, demanding imagine that the treasures of early affection made them substance from shadows, and confounding things with the less prepared for the reverse, but believe, with the words. Their mistakes, however, became our guide, Athenian of old, that it was something at least to have and their darkness our light. We no longer waste our given them one happy day.' energies in the pursuit of phantoms, being acquainted These thoughts were awakened by circumstances with mightier genii than those sought in vain to be which lately came under our observation, and which evoked by our ancestors. Even the gods and goddesses would have convinced us, if proof were requisite, that of mythology, the personified elements of nature, are of the two extremes, indulgence is far more favourable no longer our masters, but our slaves. And this sacred to the right development of the female heart tian thirst of knowledge can never be quenched; for every severity; though of course no truly beneficial result draught we take, while it appeases the pain, only in can be expected, unless even our favourite treatment creases the rage. Who shall say where that magnifi- be judiciously applied. In our neighbourhood, which I cent curiosity, which is the great distinctive feature of need only say was in the south of Ireland, there some the age, shall stop, or where its discoveries will end ? time ago lived, each in a house by herself
, two aged A philosopher of our own day laughed to scorn the fan- sisters, one of whom, Jane, had never been married, the tastic idea of lighting the streets with gas, and another other, Nance, was a widow, but without children. Why demonstrated the folly of trying to cross the ocean by they did not live together it is difficult to say, unless means of steam. But our practical men attempted these their separation was a result of a considerable difference impossibilities, 'yea, got the better of them. We now in temperament. Slender as their means were-for they not only rush through the country, from end to end, at belonged to a humble condition in life—a circumstance several times the rate of the mail-coach pace, which occurred which rendered it necessary for each to make was in its time the admiration of Europe, but we send these resources go still farther. A young wife, their before us, as an avant-courier, one of the dainty spirits sister-in-law, gave birth to twin-daughters, and died in of nature, who could put a girdle round the earth in less her confinement. Her husband, with that brief interval than a second. If an arm of the sea interpose, our com- of happiness continually in his mind, never afterwards