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the great oak.' Yet old as he was, and though many ge- them to pulp in no time: round about in all directions, nerations of men had been born and buried since he was a beneath the ample roof, she raked and scratched, and flung sapling, he still stood in all his beauty, and vigour, and ver the withered leaves, and caught tho shining berries, and dure: old, it is true, for anything else, but not old for an ate, and ate, and ate, till that consummation was at length oak; and likely to live five hundred years yet; though it accomplished which had not been accomplished for a was thought by those who knew most about such things twelvemonth before—she was satisfied, and was no longer that he might have lived nearly as long already.
hungry. Then she turned to go back to her lair in the It is hardly to be wondered at that all the fine things forest, intending to sleep out the rest of the day. But the which he heard said in his praise, and the general tribute oak-whose exasperation had increased with every mouthof admiration and astonishment paid by everybody who ful, and which had watched the whole repast with the feelsaw him, made our leafy friend more than a little proud ings of a true timber Niobe, till wood and sap could stand and self-sufficient. Indeed this was so much the case, that it no longer-in a paroxysm of rage, called upon her to he carried his head the higher, and indulged in loftier no- stop: tions every day. He saw that all the neighbouring trees Graceless swine,' said the angry tree, is that the way were small in comparison with him; and though none of you return thanks to your benefactors . Year after year them were very near, nor ever came within reach of his do you come with your ugly carcase, and gorge my finest shadow, except at sunrise and sunset, yet he could look fruit, and not a single grunt of gratitude do I ever hear clean over their heads, with a very few exceptions, and see from your unmannerly snout. You might at least say far away into the deep forest, where, amid all the countless " thank ye” for the many full meals you have made at my faces of foliage that looked upwards to the sky, there was expense.' But the old sow, who was no fool, and, for none to rival him. So he grew proud and prouder still, aught that I know to the contrary, might have been akin and said to himself, quoting Cowper, 'I am monarch of all to the sapient Toby, was not disposed to be browbeaten I survey'— there is nothing here that can match me -a by the tree, and so she answered him thus : You are single limb of mine is worth any entire tree of the lot-I doubtless a great personage, and think very little of me, am the king of the forest—a right royal monarch of the and such as I am ; and, like other great personages I woods.
have heard of, you seem disposed to claim respect and Now there was a poor old sow, belonging to an aged gratitude from those who owe you neither. I have been woodcutter in the forest, who spent her whole days in half-starving all the summer, which you know full well, grubbing about among the trees and bushes in search of and which my present condition plainly shows; yet though food, and made but a sorry living with all her pains. She you were loaded with young and tender fruit, not an acorn had seen in her time, she was wont to say, a deal of the have you contributed to my necessities, and I might have world, but little luck; and, to judge by her appearance, perished for want ere you would have thought of relieving she spoke the truth. She was lean, and lanky, and long-it. Yet now that the elements deprive you of what your legged, and bare of bristles, and bony to sight; a state of selfishness can no longer retain, you demand my gratitude things, as everybody knows, not at all creditable to a pig. for benefits which you would withhold if you could. None Unlike the oak, she had not a single admirer in the world. but a wooden head would have dreamt of making such a Everybody said, 'What an ugly beast !' and turned away demand, and a wooden head will I wear before I think of in disgust; and, still unlike the oak, she had not a jot of complying with it.' pride or conceit, but practised a quiet resignation to her The reader need not puzzle himself much for the applilot. Like honest Dogberry, she had had losses, having cation of this fable. The moral is involved in the sow's brought up in her time near twenty litters, who had all reply. Gratitude is only due when a benefaction is wilsuccumbed to the butcher's knife-some, massacred un- lingly bestowed. He who gives away only that which he weaned innocents, fated to figure on the festive board as
cannot keep, whatever he may be, is no benefactor; and roast sucking-pig; others, with prolonged doom, promoted he who surrenders to another what is of no value to himto play the part of country pork ; but all as clean gone self, comes but little nearer the mark. Concession is the from her side as Macduff's children-not a bristle left; soul and spirit of benevolence-abnegation, of love ; and if and she, their dam, hungry and old, left to wander in her charity be a brilliant star, self-denial is its nucleus and solitary age, with the mortifying reflection, that if she had centre. saved her bacon hitherto, it could be but from the sheer circumstance that it was worth no man's griddling.
THE CURRENCY. It came to pass on a quiet gray morning, in the latter end of October, when the whole forest was fast changing In reference to a quotation made in the Journal of June its green into numberless tints of yellow, and red, and 5th, from the 'Westminster Review,' to the effect that the brown, that the great oak, which was always in a melan- withdrawal of a certain sum from the circulation ought not choly mood at this time of the year-perhaps not much to interfere with prices, or disturb trade, since large acrelishing the gradual loss of his summer dress-saw the
counts are settled without any cash passing at all, a London old sow come bustling out of the wood, with snuffling correspondent makes the following remarks :- In order to snout set towards him, true as the needle to the pole. He show the error of the reviewer, suppose I keep an account knew, by former experience, well enough what she was
at the Bank of England, and that I owe Mr Brown L.1000, after. There had been a high wind in the night, which who likewise banks there. I pay him with a cheque, and had shorn him of whole cart-loads of leaves, and he was this, on being presented, is charged to my account, and still shedding his acorns, would he, nould he, "fast as the placed to the credit of Mr Brown: a debt of a thousand Arabian trees their medicinal gum. 'Oh,' said he, here pounds being thus paid and received by means of a few comes that abominable beast again, that has devoured my strokes of the pen, and without the passing of a single farthoffspring for the last ten years. I wish my acoms were ing. This transaction would seem to confirm the reviewer's poison rather than pigs-meat, that I might be rid of that theory; but what would become of it if I had not L.1000 in ugly, wretch, which eats all my, produce, and never has the the bank? The case is the same with all accounts that are gratitude to say
The sow came on, mean-settled by means of books and figures. The money is somewhile, with a show of alacrity quite creditable to her years, where, though it is not handed about ; and therefore the caring nothing at all for the scorn of the tree-never dream- disturbance of the currency, by adding or withdrawing ing of it, in fact; and soon began grubbing and snorting millions of pounds to or from the circulation, does produce among the fallen leaves, and crunching the acorns by the the mischief so much felt in the commercial world, and the score, with a gusto and vigour that had evidently lost no-reviewer has only added another error to the thousand thing by want of practice. Ah, the filthy brute!' said the and one that already existed on this important question.' oak to himself. It is strange to me that man should be so silly as to suffer an abominable beast like that to swallow a whole navy for a breakfast, and convert a future forest As we cultivate taste, or our susceptibility to beauty, by into bacon, and such bacon too-faugh!' Still he said meditating upon the most finished specimens of art, or the nothing aloud: he scorned to speak to the object of his most lovely scenery in nature, so conscience, or our moral wrath and dislike: he would not demean himself by show- susceptibility, is improved by meditating upon anything ing his displeasure, but nourish his contempt in silence. eminent for moral goodness. It is hence that example The sow the meanwhile pursued her operations with per- produces so powerful a moral effect; and hence that one fect pleasure and satisfaction: among the rugged roots single act of heroic virtue, as that of Howard, or of illusthat protruded above the soil she grouted and grubbed, trious self-denial, gives a new impulse to the moral characand brought up the shining cups and saucers,' and ground | ter of an age. Men cannot reflect upon such actions with
" thank ye."
CULTIVATION OF CONSCIENCE.
out the production of a change in their moral susceptibility. On the contrary, the discriminating power of conscience
ALONE. may be injured by frequent meditation upon vicious character and action. By frequently contemplating vice, our
'Twas midnight, and he sat alone
The husband of the dead. passions become excited, and our moral disgust diminishes.
That day the dark dust had been thrown Thus, also, by becoming familiar with wicked men, we learn
Upon her buried head. to associate whatever they may possess of intellectual or
Her orphaned children round him slept, social interest with their moral character; and hence our
But in their sleep would moan : abhorrence of vice is lessened. Thus men who are accus
Then fell the first tear he had wepttomed to view, habitually, any vicious custom, cease to
He felt he was alone. have their moral feelings excited by beholding it. All this
The world was full of life and light, is manifest from the facts made known in the progress of
But, ah! no more for him! every moral reformation. Of so delicate a texture has God
His little world once warm and brightmade our moral nature, and so easily is it either improved
It now was cold and dim. or impaired. Pope says truly,
Where was her sweet and kindly face?
Where was her cordial tone ?
He gazed around his dwelling-place,
And felt he was alone.
The wisely love-maternal care
The self-denying zealIt is almost unnecessary to remark, that this fact will en
The smile of hope that chased despair, able us to estimate the value of much of our reading, and
And promised future weal : of much of our society. Whatever fills the memory with
The clean bright hearth-nice table spread scenes of vice, or stimulates the imagination to conceptions
The charm o'er all things thrown
The sweetness in whate'er she saidof impurity, vulgarity, profanity, or thoughtlessness, must,
All gone-he was alone! by the whole of this effect, render us vicious.
As a man of literary sensibility will avoid a badly-written book, for
He looked into his cold, wild heart, fear of injuring his taste, by how much more should we
All sad and unresigned : dread the communion with anything wrong, lest it should
He asked how he had done his part
To one so true, so kind ? contaminate our imagination, and thus injure our moral
Each error past he tried to tracksense ! - Wayland's Moral Science.
In torture would atone
Would give his life to bring hers back-
In vain--he was alone.
He slept at last; but when he dreamed used than it is, in the form of what is called stirabout or
(Perchance her spirit woke), porridge. This is made by gradually stirring oatmeal into
A soft light o'er her pillow gleamed, boiling water, until enough has been added to give the re
A voice in music spokequired degree of consistence--continuing the boiling until
Forgot-forgiven all neglectthe meal is sufficiently cooked. It is cominonly eaten
Thy love recalled alone; either with milk or with butter-milk. This is usually a
The babes I leave; oh, love, protect !
I still am all thine own.' very unirritating kind of food-an article of diet which is
--Amcrican paper. well adapted to the case of children, and little less so to that of dyspeptics; and for the labouring population it forms a breakfast that is much more nourishing and wholesome than the tea and the bread and butter, or bread and dripping, which are in England so much more generally I soon began to weary of an infinity of green enclosures, made use of. Flour bread and milk, although certainly that lay spread out in undistinguishable sameness, like a well suited to the stomachs of most children, is neverthe- net, on the flat surface of the landscape, and to long for less found to disagree with some; and as a general break- the wild free moors and bold natural features of my own fast for children, I think that oatmeal porridge and milk poor country. One likes to know the place of one's birth deserves to be preferred. It is an unstimulating diet; it is by other than artificial marks-by some hoary mountain, very easily digested ; it contains a very considerable pro severe, yet kindly, in its aspect, that one has learned to love portion of nutriment; and it seems usually to act slightly as a friend-by some long withdrawing arm of the sen, on the alvine excretions—while in many cases a continued sublimely guarded, where it opens to the ocean, by its use of milk renders it necessary to take an occasional dose magnificent portals of rock-by some wild range of preciof aperient medicine.-Dr Robertson on Diet and Regimen, pitous coast, that rears high its ivy-bound pinnacles, and
where the green wave ever rises and falls along dim re
sounding caverns--by some lonely glen, with its old pide So strong is the imitative power of birds, that a canary
forests hanging dark on the slopes, and its deep brown who has been taught to pipe, having heard a chaffinch that river roaring over linn and shallow, in its headlong course
to the sea. Who could fight for a country without feadaily sung in a tree near the window where the cage was hung, learnt his note in a few days, omitting at that time tures, that one would scarce be sure of finding out on one's the air he had been accustomed to sing. At the end of return from the battle, without the assistance of the milethe spring, after having been removed from the neighbour- stones ?-Miller's First Impressions of England. hood of the chaffinch, he resumed the air as before. A nestling nightingale also learnt the notes of a hedge-sparrow that sung near it, for want of other sounds to imitate; and admiration ; and all men would fain persuade themselves
Truth, considered abstractedly, is the object of universal it was extraordinary to hear the gentle, although agreeable that, in the investigations they pursue, they are mainly warble of the latter, attuned to the full compass and power anxious to discover her features, and to award her the suof the nightingale. The effect was most pleasing, although premacy which is her due. But so much does human of course not equal to the natural notes of this bird, not frailty interfere with the best-directed efforts, so much do one of which he retained. Indeed many birds are almost, private feeling and unconscious prejudice alloy the purest if not entirely, imitative, and, in default of hearing the pa- suggestions of the heart, that if we were to serutinise our rent bird, borrow notes of others: soft-billed birds always wishes rigidly, we should often be constrained to admit prefer the song of soft-billed birds, and vice versa. It is
that we are more desirous to exact homage for an idol of hoped, from what has been said on the above subject, that persons who are in the habit of keeping caged birds will possible attraction, than calmly bent on surrendering our
our own creation, invested by our partiality with every be induced to educate them in the manner suggested. undivided and willing allegiance to the true divinity whose Then, instead of hearing the shrill, deafening natural notes
name and praise is ever on our lips.—Anor. of the canary, they will be delighted with those of the nightingale, the blackcap, and other warblers. "They will then breathe such sweet music out of their little instru
Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also
sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow; W. S. ORR, mental throats, that it may make mankind think that
147 Strand, and Amen Corner, London; and J. M'GLASHAN, miracles are not ceased.' So said the good Izaak Walton. 21 D'Olier Street, Dublin.-Printed by W. and R. CHANBERS, ---Jesse's Favourite Haunts.
THE SCENERY OF ENGLAND.
IMITATIVE POWER IN BIRDS.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF "CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR
THE PEOPLE,' CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,' &c.
THE SCIENTIFIC FESTIVAL AT OXFORD.
ings and sketches of Michael Angelo and Raphael. Here
sat the rigorous men of the exact sciences- Brewster, THE British Association for the Advancement of Science Lubbock, Baden Powell, Lord Rosse, the Dean of Ely, held its meeting this year, in unusually favourable and &c.— deeply cogitating on astronomical observations, agreeable circumstances, at Oxford. There was an at- the measurements of arcs of the meridian, the applicatendance of about twelve hundred, which is much above tion of the calculus of quaternions to the theory of the the average; and amongst the number were a greater moon, and other such pleasantries. In point of personnel proportion of distinguished foreigners than had been there was no section more interesting than this; for present on any former occasion. The delicious summer here, besides a group of the most eminent philosophers weather, and the beauty of the place, combined, with of our own country, were assembled some of the most the usual holiday features of the scene, to render it an distinguished foreign savans. We had there, for inaffair such as few have many opportunities of enjoying stance, Professor Struve, the Russian astronomer, one in the course of a lifetime.
of those who were first to ascertain a parallax for any We arrived late on Wednesday evening (June 23d), of the fixed stars. We also had M. Leverrier, the disby which time the first general meeting had taken coverer of the new planet Neptune—an amiable-looking place, and the year's president, Sir Robert Inglis, had fair-complexioned man of perhaps three-and-thirty, who been inducted to the chair, and had delivered the proper usually expressed himself in French, but always with address on the progress of science during the past year. remarkable elegance, as well as modesty. The kindly Early on Thursday—the first day of the meetings of way in which Leverrier associated with Mr Adams, sections—we made our way to the Reception Room at whom only unfortunate circumstances forbade to have the Town Hall, to ascertain the procedure of the day, the entire honour of this discovery, elicited general and learn any other particulars that might be requisite. admiration. Already there were many strangers abroad on the same The Geological Section met in the Convocation House, errand-single figures and little groups moving hurriedly one of a congeries of ancient and beautiful rooms in the along the pavement. Every now and then one stopped central part of the city. This is always a peculiar secto greet another in that pleasantly-excited state which tion-peculiar on account of the chief figures being a set attends festival occasions. Many of the acquaintance- well known to each other, men who have rubbed long ships thus acknowledged are, we may remark, sustained together in one favourite pursuit, and thus become unsolely by the Association meetings. The men meet on usually intimate and familiar. Go when you please these occasions—retire again for a year to their respec- into the geological section, and you are fully as likely tive homes — and a twelvemonth after, meet again, to find them all laughing at some joke of Dr Buckland's, and are happy so to meet. Not a few thus come to or some quaint display of Professor Sedgwick, as listenlike each other, and have a sympathy in each other's ing patiently to any instructive demonstration. It is pursuits, who, were they never to have a personal eminently the funny section. One exceedingly curious rencontre, would probably remain as antagonistic prin-trait of it is, that its president is continually struggling ciples, widely apart, all their days.
to keep discussion within bounds; and yet, when he rises It soon appeared that the sections were to be hand to give his own opinion, he is sure to kill as much time somely and amply accommodated in the public halls and as all the rest put together. He is always holding his schools of the university, while a large proportion of watch up to other people, and he would himself need the members were received into the colleges as honorary the great Tom to be his monitor. It is a section which lodgers. So far well; but it was less pleasant to find is always panting to overtake its business, and never that, for the less favoured, both lodging and food were comes up to it. Should the fun be omitted ? That only attainable at about twice the usual prices. This is would save time; but then what would the section be perhaps an evil not altogether superable; and yet it is without its quips and its quiddities? No, it must laugh one worthy of some struggle, as it must bear hard on on to the end, even though there should be the less the means of many worthy votaries of science, and deter work done. them from reappearing at the meetings. It is not for The other sections are of very various character, but nothing that there is a somewhat unusual amount of none prominent. There is a Chemical one, graced by hat-touching to be observed in Oxford.
Faraday, Grove, Playfair, and others, and zealously The Section (A) for Physical and Mathematical attended by its own peculiar set, but little regarded by Science was placed, with one or two others of less note, the general mass. There is also a Natural History in what are called the Taylor Buildings — a superb Section, which keeps going at a quiet steady pace, never structure, singular in Oxford, from its being quite new, very brilliant, and never very dull; something, perhaps, and where there is a fine collection of works of art, par- between the two. A conspicuous figure here was the ticularly the Lawrence collection of the original draw- | Prince of Canino, eldest son of Napoleon's cleverest
brother ; a short dense man of dark complexion and the country is wooded; third, the comparative density large square head, about forty-eight years of age; al- of population ; fourth, the mines of the country, and ways intrenched behind a book-heaped table, whence he lines of road connecting these with the forts. It was launched pertinacious queries and cross-examinations interesting to hear of a king's son, and the heir of a regarding the spots on the dorsal fins of fishes, and the crown, devoting himself to a labour of so useful and number of feathers in the wings of birds. How strange enlightened a kind. In the Ethnological Section, the to think that such is now the pleasingly-absorbing em- two princes were fortunate in hearing a paper by the ployment of one who at one time had no small chance of Chevalier Bunsen ; and in Section A they were present becoming the greatest sovereign in Europe! Another while Leverrier and Adams were discussing the partiwas Dr Milne Edwards of Paris, a keen-eyed little man, culars of the new planet. A lunch in Exeter Coilege of immense knowledge, and great skill in demonstration. completed their visit. It is said, by those who have the A third was the Prussian Ehrenberg, the discoverer means of knowing, that Prince Albert is a real lover of fossil animalcules in rocks—a plain-looking, little, of science, and keeps up a tolerably regular corresshort-necked man, with a fine towering head. Here, pondence on various departments of it with his old too, occasionally appeared Professor Nilsson of Lund in preceptor, M. Quetelet of Brussels. His visit to Oxford Sweden, an eminent naturalist, of grauwacke aspect, seems a happy expression of this praiseworthy taste. bringing skulls of the pristine inhabitants of Scandi- How much it were to be wished that courts were more navia, and full of curious facts illustrating the see-saw open to the visits of the learned and the ingenious than which that venerable peninsula has for some time been they usually are! What a novel lustre would shine performing, the north against the south. Besides these round the diadem which became a centre for such were our own Owen, the prince of modern physio- lights, instead of merely attracting the sphyngida and logists, and who has contrived to become so without papilionida of the fashionable world! incurring the least envy in any quarter ; Professor Ed Saturday was devoted by most of the members to ward Forbes, so remarkable for his researches among excursions into the neighbourhood. Many went to the lower marine animals; Henslow, Strickland, Car- Blenheim, to see the house which a nation's gratitude penter, Waterhouse, and many other men only rising had conferred on Marlborough, with its many rich into the like distinction. There was here one day a works of art since added. All came back full of inthorough turn-up of the subject of the Dodo-one dignation at the insolence of menials, who would strikingly well suited for scientific disquisition, in as hardly allow them to pass without repeated payments far as extremely little is known about it; hence of of bucksheesh-alleging, with the greatest effrontery, course the greater room for conjecture. Oxford chances that it was all they had to depend upon, and that to possess a head and foot of this extinct bird—all that they would have to share the proceeds with their remains of it. It was therefore a proper field for the employer! Another set went out in all sorts of gigs, discussion. We heard these relics lectured on for one cars, and flies, to Shotover Hill, to hear an off-hand whole evening, and debated for the better part of a lecture on the geology of the district from the inforenoon ; and after all, it would have been impossible defatigable dean of Westminster. A story ran, that for any one to say whether the creature had been of the the rustics stared a good deal at the unexpected aphawk or the pigeon tribe.
parition of so many strangers, and evidently formed The Statistical Section met in one of the schools, and a conclusion of their own as to the matter, for one seldom had an audience of less than six to deliberate on was by and by heard saying to another, Well, Bill, its knotty questions. One paper of a valuable character if I think there's going to be any fighting after was read here by Mr Porter of the Treasury, showing all!' We joined the rational section of this day in a how rare is a good education among criminals, and how visit to the Swindon station of the Great Western exceedingly few educated women ever become amenable Railway, where the company have a vast set of works to the laws. Another showed curious relations of pro- hardly dreamt of by the community. Here, truly, is portion between the savings' banks and schools, and the one of the things to impress the England of the ninemoral conditions of the people of various districts. It teenth century upon our minds. In a range of hoge seemed to have been prepared with immense labour. buildings and sheds, no fewer than eleven hundred and The Ethnographic was universally acknowledged to sixty men are at work for the production and repair of have risen in importance on this occasion. There were the mechanism of the railway. In one place the larger some excellent papers by Mr Crawford, General Briggs, pieces of locomotive engines are making; in another the Chevalier Bunsen, and others.
the mere bolts, screws, and other minutiæ—there, no The meeting has not, we believe, been considered as less than forty lathe-frames are ranged along the floor. remarkable for the matters brought forward; but it was In another place we see the pieces of an engine in the eminently successful as a bringing together of the chief course of being put together. A fourth shed, of acre men in the various departments, and in exciting local extent, is an infirmary for damaged engines and carattention. The university men entered heartily into riages. In one of these places we were shown a mor. the business, and were most liberal in the hospitality of able crane for lifting the carriages; it was calculated their beautiful old halls. The visit of Prince Albert to sustain the weight of thirty tons. In another we was a remarkable event-not as an honour paid by rank inspected a contrivance arranged by the engineer for to science, but an honour which rank paid to itself by a ascertaining and equalising the strain on the various deference to science. He came in very unassumingly, parts of a locomotive. It was wonderful to consider with the Duke of Saxe Weimar; and after a welcome what a vast concern a railway of only a hundred and from the president, took his seat on the platform, to forty miles might become. It has literally given listen for a while to whatever was going on. In the rise to a new town at Swindon, one of course all Geological, it chanced that Count Rosen was describing spick-and-span new-cottages of approved construca set of maps of Sweden prepared by its crown-prince, tion, a church and school after the best models, medescriptive of, first, the comparative elevation of dis-chanics' institution, reading - room, everything that tricts above the sea; second, the degree in which speaks of progress. We looked into several of the
houses, and found that, for three-and-sixpence a-week, without any tincture of love for themselves, and who there was a room below, a room above, a closet, and a can bear with the truth, even when it challenges their yard with appurtenances. They were not faultless own prejudices, or threatens to subtract a little from residences, but they were generally much superior to their own misgained honours ! any of the old kinds of houses for the working-classes. There was an air of content very generally spread
THE STORY OF ELISABETTA SIRANI. through the town, and we were told that good health ELISABETTA mia, I have lost pencils—colours; come, prevailed. The reading-room was a comfortable place, child, and aid me to look for them. What! thou art well supplied with newspapers and literary periodicals; idling away all the day in that corner, instead of taking also possessing some philosophical instruments and ob- care of thy little sisters. Hark! there is Barbara cryjects of natural history. It was pleasant to see a concert ing; and la rambino Anna too; and the pencils are lost; announced as to take place in it on an carly evening, and Il Signor Montenegro is waiting for the picture. i and to learn that a band, playing in a neighbouring
shall never finish it.' field in our honour, was composed of the working-men. second-rate artists of Bologna-hurriedly tossed about
The speaker-Giovanni Andrea Sirani, one of the There was but one thing to be dissatisfied with—the brushes, palette, and oils, making the studio all conschool. This establishment, being under the care of the fusion, and loudly calling on Elisabetta for assistance. National School Society, was furnished only with a few she came forward from the sunny nook in the window, books of a religious tendency, leading on to the Bible. where she had been hidden, and addressing her angry Nothing that speaks of the external world, nothing that father in a voice remarkable for its soothing and sweet can evoke or train the intellectual faculties, has a place tones, put into his hands the pencils he required, arhere. The Swindon school is constructed on the prin- ranged his palette, and stood behind him while he again ciple of the Patent Safety Drag, and Locomotion, the continued his work. genius of the place, has no part in it.
Elisabetta was a girl of about twelve years, tall and On Sunday, the great object of attraction was a well-formed, though still childlike in proportions, and sermon preached in St Mary's Church (the university too angular to be graceful. But her face was so striking, church) by the Bishop of Oxford (Samuel Wilberforce) that it would not be passed unnoticed even by a stranger. Some piquancy was lent to the occasion by a curious It was not that its beauty attracted the eye, for the feaaccident--namely, that, by virtue of a foundation for tures were not regular; and the long and rather aquiline the purpose, it must needs be a sermon on humility in nose would have given a character too masculine to the the pursuit of knowledge. Before the learned prelate countenance of the girl, had it not been for the exquiascended the pulpit, pews and passages were filled with sitely sweet expression of the mouth, and the dimpled a brilliant audience. Dr Wilberforce is comparatively chin. Again, too, the harshness given by the stronglyyoung for a bishop, a man of amiable and gracious aspect, marked eyebrows was softened by the dreamy languor with a fine clear voice : a certain element of masculinity of the dark eyes and drooping eyelids. In short, the is wanting in the visage, yet, on the whole, he is a good whole face of Elisabetta Sirani showed a combination of looking man. He touched on all kinds of humility, real masculine powers and womanly sweetness, united with and affected, and by and by came to consider what was that flexibility of features and ever-changing expression called for on the part of those who devote themselves which almost always denotes great sensitiveness of to the pursuit of knowledge. Being a lover of science mind. himself, it was not to be expected that he should bear Signor Andrea, relieved from his disquietudes, worked hard against it, more especially on an occasion when so at his picture, now and then calling on his young many of its votaries were present. Yet neither was it daughter to inspect his progress, and listening to her to be expected that he should yield entirely to its de- remarks and comments, which, though given with the mand to be let alone. The matter was exceedingly well simplicity and timidity of a child, showed an understandadjusted by a condemnation of all rashness in specula- ing which justified the consideration with which she tion, all impatience for arriving at general conclusions, was treated by her father. Sometimes the hasty and and by a strong recommendation-in which all there nervous temperament of the artist was excited to anger must have assented- to keep, while studying nature, by the noise of the children within, and he would hurher Author ever in view. In literature and in delivery riedly dismiss his eldest daughter to restore quiet, and this discourse was very masterly ; from beginning to as quickly call for her again, declaring he could not end, not one word, or look, or gesture amiss. But the paint unless she was beside him, to grind his colours impression left on the mind was, upon the whole, of a and prepare his pencils ; he did not add, to give him discouraging nature. Once more the drag.
various unsuspected, but most successful, hints even in During the two remaining days of active business, the picture itself. the affairs of the Association went on with unrelaxing After an hour or two spent in this manner, the têtevigour-plenty of papers, plenty of audience, no slack-à-tête of the artist and his daughter was broken by the ening in the excitement. There were several lectures entrance of a man in a clerical dress, but attired with on popular subjects in the Radcliffe Library, only one all the taste and sumptuousness which was prevalent in of which-by Faraday-was at all telling; also a soirée the leading cities of Italy, and especially Bologna, at in the same place. On the Monday night, it being full the close of the seventeenth century. Andrea Sirani moon, and the weather of heavenly clearness, we as- received his visitor with mingled cordiality and respect. cended to the leads of the building, and beheld a sight "I am glad the Signor Conte Malvasia is come: I never to be forgotten-Oxford by moonlight! Towers, should not have been satisfied to send my picture away shooting silently up into the blue sky, and silvered with without his opinion on its merits.' the lunar rays, met the eye in every direction, relieving • You are very obliging, Signor Sirani,' said the ecclethe dark square masses of the colleges, which were half siastic; ‘but I have usually only one opinion regarding seen in shade below. We had never beheld any actual your beautiful pictures, and this is equal to any.' He sat scene which appeared more completely to justify those down on the painting-chair which Elisabetta had placed pictures of Grenada, Constantinople, and other romantic for him opposite the picture; and after patting her cities which painters present to us, and the truthfulness cheek with a friendly and affectionate expression, which of which we always suspect till we see the actual places. dyed it with a blush of pleasure, he turned his whole
At the proper period, this peaceful convention of the attention to the work before him. best lovers and promoters of peace separated, each glad I see you love the soft and melting shadows and to have been there, and anxious to be present again. lucid lights of our Guido, the pride of Bologna,' said May all that is good ever attend the footsteps of the Conte Malvasia. “And you do not work in the gloom, votaries of science, especially all those who love science which some of our stern foreign brethren delight in :