Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

few his intrepidity and diligence Mewing them that one of the most in executing the orders of his com- finished gentlemen in Europe was his mander when called on. As he had subject, and that he understood his no plans of operation to take up his worth so well, as not to suffer him thoughts, why not write a song? to be long out of his presence. A. There was neither indecency or im- mong other commissions, he was sent morality in it. I doubt not but, in the year 1669 to compliment the with that chearfulness of mind, he French King, on his arrival at Duncompofed himff to rest with as kirk, in return for the compliment of right feelings, and as proper an ad- that monarch by the Duchess of Ordress to his Maker, as any one of leans, then in England. a more melancholy difpofition. Being possessed of the estate of his

Most commanders, in the day of uncle, in 1674 he was created Earl battle, assume at leait a brilliancy of of Sussex, and Baron of Cranfield, countenance that may encourage their by letters-patent, dated the 4th foidiers, and they are admired for of April 1575, 27 Car. II. and it. To fmile at terror, has before in August 1677 succeeded his father this been alloved the mark of a he. as Earl of Dorset, as also in the post

The dying Socrates discoursed of Lord Lieutenant of the county of his friends with great composure: Sussex, having been joined in the he was a philosopher of a grave calt. commission with him in 1670 ; also Sir Thomas Moor, old enough to be the 20th February 1684, he was my Lord's father, joked even on the made Custos Rotulorum of that scaffold : a strong instance of his he. county: roilm, and no contradiction to the Having buried his first Lady, E. rectitude of his mind. The verses lizabeth, daughter of Harvy Bagot, the Emperor Adrian made on his of Whitehall, in the county of Wardeath-bed (call them a song, if you wick, Esq; widow of Cha. Berkley, will) have been admired and ap- Earl of Falmouth, without any issue proved by several great men. Mr. by her, he married, in the year 1684, Pope has not only given his opinion the Lady Mary, daughter of James in their favour, but has also elegant. Compton Earl of Northampton, faly translated them, pay, thought med for her beauty, and admirable them worthy an imitation, perhaps endowments of mind, who was one exceeding the original. If this be- of the ladies of the bed-chamber to haviour of my Lord's is liable to Queen Mary, and left his lordship different constructions, let good na- again a widower, August 6, 169i, ture and good manners incline us to leaving issue by him Lionel, now - bestow the most favourable thereon. Duke of Dorset, and a daughter, the

After his fatigues at sea, during Lady Mary, married in the year the remainder of the reign of Ch. II. 1702 to Henry Somerset, Duke of he continued to live in honourable Beaufort, and dying in child-bed leisure: he was of the bed.chamber left no issue. to the King, and possessed not only The Earl of Dorset appeared in his mafier's favour, but in a great court at the trial of the seven Bishops, degree his familiarity, never leaving accompanied with other noblemen, the court but when he was sent to which had a good effect on the jury, that of France upon fome thort com- and brought the judges to a better mission, and embeflies of compli- tem per than they had usually shewn. ment, as if the King designed to ri- He also engaged with those who were val the French in the article of po- in the Prince of Orange's interest, liteness, who had long claimed a su. and carried on his part of that enperiority in that accomplishment, by terprise in London under the eye of

the

[ocr errors]

The court, with the same courage Majelly declared Duke of Gloucesterand resolution as the Duke of De- shire. When the King had been vonshire did in open arms at Notting- earnetly intreated by the States of ham. When Prince George of Den- Holland, and the confederate princes mak deserted King James, and join. in Germany, to meet at a general ed the Prince of Orange, the Prin- congress to be held at the Hague, in cess Anne was in violent apprehensi- order to concert matters for the betons of the King's displeasure ; and ter support of the confederacy, and being defirous of withdrawing her- thereupon took shipping the 16th of self, Lord Dorset was thought the January 1692, his Lord ship was aproperest guide for her necessary mong the peers who, to honour their flight. She was secretly brought to King and country, waited on their him by his Lady's uncle, the Bishop Sovereign in that cold season ; when of London, who furnished the Prin- they were two or three leagues off cess with every thing necessary for Goree, his Majeily having by bad her flight to the Prince of Orange, weather been four days at lea, was and attended her north ward as far as fo impatient to go ahore, that taking Northampton, where he quickly boat, and a thick fog rifing soon af brought a body of horse to serve for ter, they were surrounded to closely her guard, and went from thence to with ice as not to be able either to Nottingham to confer with the Duke make the shore or get bick to the of Devon Chire.

thip. So that lying twenty-two After the misguided monarch had hours, enduring the most bitter cold, withdrawn himself, Lord Dorset con- and almost despairing of life, they tinued at London, and was one of could hardly stand or fpe k at their those Peers that fat every day in the landing ; and his Lordhip was fo council chamber, and took upon lame, ihat for some time he did not them the government of the realm in recover. Yet on his return to Engthis extremity, till some other power land he neither complained of the hould be introduced. In the de. accident or the expence. bates in parliament, immediately On the second of February 1591, after this confusion, his Lordship vó. at a chapter of the moit noble order led for the vacancy of the throne : of the garter, he'd at Kensington, his and that the Prince and Princess of Lordship was elected one of the Orange Thould be declared King and knights companions of this order, Queen of England, &c. When their with his Highness John George, Majesties had accepted the crown of the fourth elector of Saxony, and these realms, his Lordship was the was initalled at Windsor on the Fenext day sworn one of the privy bruary following. He was constituted council, and declared Lord Cham- four times one of the regents of the berlain of the houshold; a place, says kingdom in his Majeliy's absence, Prior, which he eminently adorn- About the years 1698, his health ed by the grace of his person, the fenfibly declining, he left public bufineness of his breeding, and the finefs to those who more delighted knowledge and practice of what was in it, and appeared only sometimes decent and magnificent. It appears at council, to thew his respect to the by the history of England, that he commiffion which he bore ; for ho had the honour to itand godfather had already talled all the comfort with King William to a fon of the that court favour could bestow. He Prince and Princess of Denmark, had been high in office, refpccted born at Hampton Court the 24th of by tis sovereign, and the idol of the July 1689, and christened the 27th, people; but now, when the evening of by the name of William ; whom his his life approached, he began to

B 2

look

look upon such enjoyments with less poem to Mr. Edward Howard, veneration, and thought proper to on his incomprehensible poem cal. dedicate some of his last hours to led the British Princes, in which quiet and meditation. Being oblig. his Lordship is very satirical upon ed to go to Bath for the recovery of that author. his health, he there ended his life, on · Vertes to Sir Thomas St. Serfe, the 29th of Jan. 1705-6, and was on his printing his play called Taburied at Witham on the 17th of Fe- ringo's Wiles, 1668. bruary following

An epilogue'to Moliere's Tartuf. Lord Dorset was a great patron An epilogue on the revival of Ben of men of letters and inerit: Dr. Johnfon's play, called Every Man Sprat, Bishop of Rocheller, celebrat- in his Humour. : ed for his polite writings, appealed . A song wit at sea in the time of to him when under a cioud for the the Dutch war 1665; the night bepart he acted in the reign of King fore an engagement. James, and by his Lord ship's intereit : Verses addressed to the Counters preserved himself. To him Mr. of Dorchester. Dryden dedicated his translation of A satirical piece, entitled, A faithJuvenal, in which he is very lavith ful Catalogue of our most eminent in his Lord thip’s praise, and ex- Ninnies, written in the year 1683. preffes his gratitude for the bounty . And several songs.'' he had experienced from him. .. 1 From these specimens Lord Dorset

Mr. Prior (among others, who has given us of his poetical talents, had owed their rise and fortune to my we are inclined to wish that affairs Lord Dorset) makes this public ac- of higher consequence had permitknowledgement, that he scarce knew ted him to have dedicated more time what life was sooner than he found to the muses. Though some critics himself obliged to his favour, or had may alledge, that what he has given reason to feel any forrow fo fenfible the public, is rather pretty than as that of his death. Mr. Prior then great; and that a few pieces of a proceeds to enumerate the valuable light nature, do not entitie him to life of his patron, in which the the character of a first rate poet : yet warmth of his gratitude appears in the when we consider, that notwichtandmost elegant pangyric. I cannot ing they 'vere merely che amuseimagine chat Mr. Prior, with respect ments of his leisure hours, and most. to his LordMip's morals, has in the ly the productions of his youth, they Jeaft violated, for he has shewn the contain marks of a genius, and as picture in various lights, and has such he is celebrated by Dryden, hinted at his patron's errors, as well Prior, Congreve, 'and Pope. as his virtues. Among his errors,

Dorset, the grace of courts, the muses pride, was that of indulging paffion, which

Patron of arts, and judge of nature, dy'd, carried liim into transports, of which The Scourge of pride, of sanctity, cf hate, he was a hamed ; and during these Of fops in learning, and of knaves in ftate; little excesses, says he, I have known

Yéc soft his nature, tho' fevere his lay, his servants get into his way, that

His anger mora!, and his wisdom gay ;

Bieft fatyrist, who touch'd the mean so true, they might make a merit of it As Mew'd vice had his hute and pity too ; immediately after, for he who had Bleft courtier, who could King and country she good fortune to be chid, was sure

please, of ceing rewarded for it.

Yet sacred keep his friendship and his ease; His Lordhip's poetical works have

Bieit peer, his great foretathers, every grace

have Reflecting and reflected in his rare, been publihed among the minor Where other Buckhursts other Dorsots shine, peets, 1749, and confiit chiefiy of a And patriots flile, or poets deck the line.

OBJEC

(5) OBJECTIONS against the STAGE confidered, T H E objections against the stage ticulars in support of this argument,

from reason may be reckoned Gnce the stage is, like majesty, the for.

, fountain of honour. 1. That it encourages pride.

To the second objection, that the 2. That it encourages revenge. Itage encourages revenge, we presume

3. That it exposes the nobles and to answer that the ftage keeps a man gentry.

from revenging little injuries, by 4. That it ridicules the clergy. raising his mind above them; and in

Ifall or any one of these objections the next place, if it sometimes exhi. were true, ihe theatres had long bits characters revenging intolerable fince been suppressed by every state injuries, or punishing enormous and policy ; but as the stage has crimes, yet at the same time by such been supported by every wife go. a display it deters men from comvernment, the objections seem to mitting such crimes, and consevanish before the superior authority quently from giving provocation of political institution.

for such revenge ; so that in this The two firit objections are too ge- light we may set one against the neral to be true, and the two last are other. Cicero, in his oration for 100 partial, too particular to be valid. Milo, affirms that Milo had served We shall however consider them suc- the commonwealth, by removing cinely; and, first, that the stage en- Such a nusance as Clodius. Such courages pride; a quality that, if traitors as Cataline and others true, would indispose men for obe- should for the publick safety be recience or civil society. Now the moved. Servilius Ahala served the ftage is so far from pride in the sub. commonwealth by removing Spuject, or tyranny and ambition in the rius Melius. And Scipio Nalica prince, that the theatre on the con- saved it from utter ruin by the death trary has ever been employed to of Tiberius Gracchus. But as there deter men from it, by punihing the may be considered as fingular incitraitor, or humbling the great ones dents, the stage seldom dictates, if of the earth. This we see from fe- at all, the spirit of low revenge ; and veral of our own tragedies, as in a when it displays such a quality, it tyrant, Richard, a baughty Wolley. generally exhibits it in low minds And if by pride is meant vanity, or or unworthy characters, by no means affectation, the child of vanity, it is recommending it as a worthy palthe business of Comedy to ridicule it fion : on the other hand, many characin the fops or the fools. But if by ters are discovered as victims to the pride is meant, a well regulated paffion of revenge, and falling in the pride, such as greatness of mind, act of thirsting after it, as in lago called honour, we shall concede the in the tragedy of Othello, and point, and allow that the fage Zanga in that of the Revenge. above all things stirs up in the heart To the third objection, that the that sort of pride, commonly called stage exposes the nobility, or genhonour, by demeaning every thing try, we concede that it does, that is mean and low, and by sp- when they deserve it, and this only piauding what is in itself truly under feigned characters. If the no. great and noble, thus providing for bles degrade their nobility by vice or the happiness of individuals and the folly, Comedy is ready, like all satyr, prosperity of the publick.

to lash them; and why should they, We think it needless to quote par. or any set of men, be exempted from

being exposed on the stage, more than and both nobles and clergy will not off the ftage, by the press ? If no. juftify any vice or folly committed, bles will sell their country for pen- which may degrade che office or fions, places, or lucrative views, latyr dignity of either; and whileChamont, has it's use, the motto of which is, in the Orphan, exposes some vices, pungit, fed fanat, it pricks, but it or follies peculiar to bad clergymen, heals, and this answer may serve to he finds the chaplain a worthy honcft the fourth objection. Avarice, in- man in the end, by a large display temperance, or enthusiasm, can never of several good qualities which every be applauded in any set of men, domestic chaplain should be enmuch less in the clergy, who should dued with. be as good examples to the laity,

WEEKS.

Mafier. W

A DIALOGUE between a GENTLEMAN and his Dog.

THAT! thoughtful fir- 0. From public spirit, master; a

rah! you do not pre- disease common to all the barbers, tend to low spirits fure?

taylors, &c. in Great Britain. Othello. A little, Sir, at present. M. Indeed ! It is impossible to think of this dam- 0. Indeed; for as to my private. ned world without growing melan- circumítances, your bounty and afcholy.

fection make me as happy as any of M. And, pray, what quarrel my kind; and you will believe me, have you with the world, Mr. O- when I tell you, my heart overflows, thello? I can allow a philosopher, with love and gratitude to my beor a religious man, to complain of it, nefactor. because I then conclude the world M. I know it; proceed. has been unfavourable to his interest 0. I am mortiñed, Sir, when I or ambition.

think what my species suffers from O. Will you give me leave to che injustice of mankind. As if it speak freely, mafter, and not be an. were not enough to be despised and gry with me?

kicked about by every unfeeling M. Do, my little fellow : I will blockhead, glorying in the dignity

of human nature ; to be hanged by 0. Then my opinion is, that man. the neck in our old age by those unkind has no right to complain of the gra:eful wretches we had ferved world. If the world is bad, consider, through life with care and fidelity ; dear Sir, who makes it fo?

to be cut up alive by the damned M. Hum! There may be fome. merciless doctors in the bloom of thing in that infinuation.

youth : as if all these, I say, were 0. I wonder you never complain not enough, we are every day loadof the world like others; you are ed with a thousand unmerited renot much indebted to its bounty. proaches, and the imputation of

M. True ; but why should I com- vices of which we are entirely ig. plain? I cannot boast of having done norant. any thing to merit the world's fa- M. I do not understand you.

0. Have you never observed that 0. Ha, ha, ha! Excuse me, Sir, when one would express an extraoryou are a very fingular man. dinary degree of baseness with the

M. Well; but will you be pleased greatest energy, he compliments his to inform me whence your melan- neighbours with the names of worthcholy arisest

lefs dog, sad dog, wicked dog, &c.

not be angry.

vour.

« PreviousContinue »