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Ch. X. On the concluding part of the eleventh chapter of St.

John, and his description of the period of the seventh trumpet;

with some short extracts respecting the fifth and sixth trumpets, as

interpreted of the conquests of the Saracens and Tuiks,

137

Ch. XI. On the Vials in general, and the fifth vial in parti-

cular,

149

Ch. XII. Observations and Extracts relative to St. Paul's Pro-

phecy of the Man of Sin,

160

App. to ch. XII. Facts and observations designed to prove, that

almost

every kind of ecclesiastical usurpation was introduced, and

almost every species of superstition encouraged, as early as the

Fourth Century; and, therefore, that the prediction of the Coming

of the Man of Sin ought not to be exclusively applied to the church

of Rome, since the man of sin was already come, and fully mani-

fested, several centuries before the authority of that church was

established among the nations of Europe,

171

Ch. XIII. Passages from the Apocalypse, which respect the

corruptions and the destruction of the symbolic Babylon, and

relate to the antichristian hierarchies in general, and especially to

the church of Rome; with a brief statement of early opinions

on the antichristian power in the Apocalypse,

195

Ch. XIV. Observations of various writers, which serve to shew,

that unequivocal marks of antichristianism are impressed not

only on the church of Rome, but also on the other national

churches of Europe; with some passages intended to prove the

bad effects, which their connexion with a hierarchy, and elevation

to a bishopric, produced on the mind and the conduct of Dr. New-

ton, bishop of Bristol, and of Dr. Hurd, bishop of Worcester, 206

Ch. XV. Daniel's prediction of the Fall of the Papacy concisely

noticed; with a digression relative to one of the symbols most fre-

quently employed by Daniel and St. John,

243

Ch. XVI. Thoughts on the course of future events, and parti-

cularly on a prediction of St. John, in which he appears to foretell

a memorable war, in which a number of combined princes will be

totally overthrown,

252

Ch. XVII. Remarks on the symbolic harvest and the symbolic

vintage, foretold in the fourteenth chapter of the Revelation, and

on a kindred prophecy of Joel,

263

CHAPTER 1.

ON MR. FLEMING'S INTERPRETATION OF THE FOURTA VIAL.

THE desire of penetrating into futurity is a passion congenial to the human mind; and whenever, from a careful inspection of prophecy, the attempt is attended with any share of success, our curiosity is awakened and our attention fixed. This, in the opinion of many, has happened with respect to a Discourse of Mș. Fleming; since, writing at the commencement of the present century, he gave, in the course of his remarks on the book of Revelation, such a representation of events, as, in a considerable degree, has been accomplished near the period of its termination.

In the sublime scenery of the xvth ch. of that prophecy, seven angels' are represented as having seven vials, which are called the seven last plagues ; for, says the prophet (v. 1.) in them is filled up the wrath of God. These plagues, which are successively described in ch. xvi, Mr. Fleming regards as “judgments' principally, though not exclusively, upon Rome Papal 2.'

The passages which follow are extracted from a Discourse, published, with three others, by Mr. Fleming 3 in

1' In the style of prophecy, every thing is called an angel, that notifies a message from God, or executes the will of God! Lowman on ch. i. 1.

2 See p. 59, 77.

3 Our author's father, who published a large work, entitled the Fulfilling of Scripture, was one of the 400 ministers of Scotland, who were ejected from their livings soon after the restoration of Charles II. When liberated from his confinement in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, he fled to Holland; and his son, Mr. Robert Fleming, in consequence, carried on his

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the year 1701. After endeavoring to shew, that the three first vials pointed out events, which had undermined the power of the Roman pontiff and his adherents; he proceeds to the fourth, as foretelling other events, which would, assuredly, be in a high degree injurious to them.

St. John says, ch. xvi. v. 8. And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the san; and power was given unto șim to, scorch men with firé, "The chief thing,' says Mr. Flem: ing, to be taken notice of here, is, that the sun and other luminaries of heaven are the emblems of princes and kingdoms, as we took notice of before. Therefore the pouring out of this vial on the sun MUST denote the humiliation of some eminent potentates of the Romish interest, whose in fuences and countenar.ce cherish and support the Papa) cause. And these therefore must be principally under: stood of the houses of Austria and Bourbon, though not exclusively of other Popish princes. So that there is ground to hope, that, about the beginning of another such century, things may again alter for the better: for I cannot but hope that some new mortification of the chief supporters of Antichrist will then happen; and perhaps the French Monarchy may begin to be considerably humbled about that time: that whereas the present French king takes the

studies in the universities of Leyden and Utrecht. After having prosecuted them with diligence, he became successively minister of the English church at Leyden, and the Scotch church at Rotterdam; and he afterwards removed to that of Founder's Hall in Lothbury. The subsequent passage is from a letter of the Her, Mr. Joshua Toulman of Taunton, communicated by him to the European Magazine, and extracted from Dr. Joshua Oldfield's funeral sermon for Mr. Fleming. He was induced to settle with the congregation • in Lothbury; not only at the earnest invita. tion of the people, but by the desire of king William, who often advised with him on the concerns of his own country. But such were his modesty and prudence, that he requested, whenever he was called to court, it might be with the greatest privacy. He was richly furnished both with ornamental and solid learning ; being conversant not only with fathers and councils, and ecclesiastical and civil historians, but with the Orienta! languages, the Jewish rabbies, and the polite authors, ancient and mo. dern. He was highly valued by the professors of foreign universities.' See Pref. to his Christology, and Eur. Mag. for March, 1793.

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