Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives
The second edition of this classic text substantially revises and extends the original, takes account of theoretical and policy developments, and enhances its international scope. Drawing on a range of disciplines and literatures, the book provides an unusually broad account of citizenship. It recasts traditional thinking about the concept and pinpoints important theoretical issues and their political and policy implications for women. Themes of inclusion and exclusion (at national and international levels), rights and participation, inequality and difference, are thus all brought to the fore in the development of a woman-friendly, gender-inclusive, theory and praxis of citizenship. Wide-ranging, stimulating and accessible, this is a ground-breaking book that provides new insights for both theory and policy.
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What is Citizenship?
An essentially contested concept
Citizenship as rights
Citizenship as general obligation
Citizenship as political obligation
A critical synthesis
Inclusion or Exclusion?
PrivatePublic the Barriers to Citizenship
Autonomy undermined or promoted at the publicprivate intersection
The sexual division of labour responsibility and time
The economic key to womens citizenship
Womens Political Citizenship Different and Equal
The masculine sphere of formal politics
The feminine sphere of informal politics
The age of migration
The nationstate under pressure
Beyond the nationstate?
Shifting the boundaries of exclusioninclusion
A Differentiated Universalism
Diversity division and difference
The challenge of diversity and difference for citizenship
Living with the tension between the universal and particular
A genderneutral or genderdifferentiated citizenship?
Beyond equality vs difference
Beyond an ethic of justice vs an ethic of care
Independence autonomy and interdependence
Across the binary divides
Across the PublicPrivate Divide Policy Practice and Politics
A different politics?
A more inclusive formal politics
towards a womanfriendly political citizenship
Womens Social Citizenship Earning and Caring
Women as actors on the political stage of the welfare state
The two sides of the welfare state for womens social citizenship
Gendered welfare regimes and the state
Who is a social citizen?
Shifting the sexual division of labour
The balance of public and private responsibility for care
the case of lone parents
Towards a Feminist Theory and Praxis of Citizenship
A feminist citizenship praxis
Notes and References