Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives

Front Cover
NYU Press, 2003 - Political Science - 323 pages

If, as Freud postulated, modern society assails man's freedom by repressing his sexual expression, then the postmodern era can be said to be defined by the individual's quest for sublime happiness at the expense of security. Society has held to the concepts of beauty, purity, and order for centuries, and now a new worldview has emerged with the individual at its nucleus.

Framed by discussions of such thinkers as Michel Foucault, Emannuel Levinas, Hans Jones and Richard Rorty, Postmodernity and Its Discontents explores this brave new era, tackling head-on such issues as the postmodernization of surveillance and social control; the often tenuous threads binding morality, ethics, and freedom together; contemporary artistic and aesthetic theory; and the complex associations between solidarity, difference and freedom.

Arguing that you need most what you lack most, internationally renowned scholar Zygmunt Bauman asserts that freedom without security assures no greater happiness than security without freedom. In this thoughtful, nuanced volume, Bauman searches for a balance between the two, tipping the scales of the postmodern world decidedly in our favor.

 

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Contents

What is Citizenship?
13
An essentially contested concept
14
Citizenship as rights
16
Citizenship as general obligation
19
Citizenship as political obligation
24
A critical synthesis
34
Conclusion
42
Inclusion or Exclusion?
43
PrivatePublic the Barriers to Citizenship
119
Autonomy undermined or promoted at the publicprivate intersection
125
The sexual division of labour responsibility and time
130
The economic key to womens citizenship
138
Conclusion
141
Womens Political Citizenship Different and Equal
143
The masculine sphere of formal politics
144
The feminine sphere of informal politics
145

Inclusionexclusion
44
The age of migration
45
The nationstate under pressure
52
Beyond the nationstate?
55
Shifting the boundaries of exclusioninclusion
64
Conclusion
66
A Differentiated Universalism
68
Diversity division and difference
73
The challenge of diversity and difference for citizenship
79
Living with the tension between the universal and particular
88
Conclusion
92
Beyond Dichotomy
93
A genderneutral or genderdifferentiated citizenship?
94
Beyond equality vs difference
96
Beyond an ethic of justice vs an ethic of care
101
Independence autonomy and interdependence
106
Across the binary divides
115
Conclusion
116
Across the PublicPrivate Divide Policy Practice and Politics
117
A different politics?
147
A more inclusive formal politics
153
towards a womanfriendly political citizenship
165
Womens Social Citizenship Earning and Caring
167
Women as actors on the political stage of the welfare state
168
The two sides of the welfare state for womens social citizenship
170
Gendered welfare regimes and the state
172
Who is a social citizen?
175
Shifting the sexual division of labour
178
The balance of public and private responsibility for care
182
the case of lone parents
190
Conclusion
194
Towards a Feminist Theory and Praxis of Citizenship
195
A feminist citizenship praxis
199
Notes and References
203
Bibliography
249
Author Index
314
Subject Index
316
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About the author (2003)

Ruth Lister is Professor of Social Policy at Loughsborough University in England. She was formerly Director of the Child Poverty Action Group.

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