Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives
If, as Freud postulated, modern society assails man's freedom by repressing his sexual expression, then the postmodern era can be said to be defined by the individual's quest for sublime happiness at the expense of security. Society has held to the concepts of beauty, purity, and order for centuries, and now a new worldview has emerged with the individual at its nucleus.
Framed by discussions of such thinkers as Michel Foucault, Emannuel Levinas, Hans Jones and Richard Rorty, Postmodernity and Its Discontents explores this brave new era, tackling head-on such issues as the postmodernization of surveillance and social control; the often tenuous threads binding morality, ethics, and freedom together; contemporary artistic and aesthetic theory; and the complex associations between solidarity, difference and freedom.
Arguing that you need most what you lack most, internationally renowned scholar Zygmunt Bauman asserts that freedom without security assures no greater happiness than security without freedom. In this thoughtful, nuanced volume, Bauman searches for a balance between the two, tipping the scales of the postmodern world decidedly in our favor.
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What is Citizenship?
An essentially contested concept
Citizenship as rights
Citizenship as general obligation
Citizenship as political obligation
A critical synthesis
Inclusion or Exclusion?
PrivatePublic the Barriers to Citizenship
Autonomy undermined or promoted at the publicprivate intersection
The sexual division of labour responsibility and time
The economic key to womens citizenship
Womens Political Citizenship Different and Equal
The masculine sphere of formal politics
The feminine sphere of informal politics
The age of migration
The nationstate under pressure
Beyond the nationstate?
Shifting the boundaries of exclusioninclusion
A Differentiated Universalism
Diversity division and difference
The challenge of diversity and difference for citizenship
Living with the tension between the universal and particular
A genderneutral or genderdifferentiated citizenship?
Beyond equality vs difference
Beyond an ethic of justice vs an ethic of care
Independence autonomy and interdependence
Across the binary divides
Across the PublicPrivate Divide Policy Practice and Politics
A different politics?
A more inclusive formal politics
towards a womanfriendly political citizenship
Womens Social Citizenship Earning and Caring
Women as actors on the political stage of the welfare state
The two sides of the welfare state for womens social citizenship
Gendered welfare regimes and the state
Who is a social citizen?
Shifting the sexual division of labour
The balance of public and private responsibility for care
the case of lone parents
Towards a Feminist Theory and Praxis of Citizenship
A feminist citizenship praxis
Notes and References