Climate Change: Biological and Human Aspects
In recent years climate change has become recognised as the foremost environmental problem of the twenty-first century. Not only will climate change potentially affect the multibillion dollar energy strategies of countries worldwide, but it also could seriously affect many species, including our own. A fascinating introduction to the subject, this textbook provides a broad review of past, present and likely future climate change from the viewpoints of biology, ecology and human ecology. It will be of interest to a wide range of people, from students in the life sciences who need a brief overview of the basics of climate science, to atmospheric science, geography, and environmental science students who need to understand the biological and human ecological implications of climate change. It will also be a valuable reference for those involved in environmental monitoring, conservation, policy-making and policy lobbying.
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Principal indicators of past climates
Past climate change
climate and biology
Present climate and biological change
Current warming and likely future impacts
The human ecology of climate change
Sustainability and policy
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agricultural Antarctic Antarctica anthropogenic atmospheric carbon dioxide biofuels biological biosphere carbon cycle carbon dioxide carbon emissions Chapter circulation climate change concentration consumption cooling decades dendrochronology Earth ecological economic ecosystems effect energy Environment environmental Eocene estimates event example extinction factors Figure flooding forecasts forest fossil carbon fossil fuels future geological glacial–interglacial cycles global climate global population global warming greenhouse gases Greenland growth hemisphere Holocene human ice caps ice sheet IETM impact increase interglacial IPCC IPCC’s isotope Kyoto Protocol land last glacial latitudes levels Little Ice Age marine methane hydrates migration Milankovitch natural North northern noted nuclear ocean palaeoclimatic photosynthesis plants Pliocene production proxies rainfall record regional release scenario Science sea-level rise sediments Snowball Earth soils species suggests temperature terrestrial thermal thermohaline circulation tion Toarcian tropical twentieth century twenty-first century warmer Younger Dryas