Dictionary of Languages: The definitive reference to more than 400 languages

Front Cover
Bloomsbury Publishing, Oct 28, 2015 - Reference - 752 pages
Covering the political, social and historical background of each language, Dictionary of Languages offers a unique insight into human culture and communication. Every language with official status is included, as well as all those that have a written literature and 175 'minor' languages with special historical or anthropological interest. We see how, with the rapidly increasing uniformity of our culture as media's influence spreads, more languages have become extinct or are under threat of extinction. The text is highlighted by maps and charts of scripts, while proverbs, anecdotes and quotations reveal the features that make a language unique.
 

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Dictionary of languages: the definitive reference to more than 400 languages

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This encyclopedic dictionary offers an overview of over 400 alphabetically arranged living and extinct languages and language families. Introductory material provides background information on why ... Read full review

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Selected pages

Contents

LOMWE
362
LOZI
363
LUBA
365
LUNDA
367
LUO LANGUAGES
369
LURI
371
LUVALE
373
LUXEMBURGISH
374

ALBANIAN
13
ALGONQUIAN LANGUAGES
16
ALTAIC LANGUAGES
18
AMERIND LANGUAGES
19
AMHARIC
23
ARABIC
25
ARAMAIC AND SYRIAC
31
ARAUCANIAN
34
ARDHAMAGADHI
35
ARMENIAN
36
AROMUNIAN
39
ASSAMESE
41
AUSTRALIAN LANGUAGES
43
AUSTROASIATIC LANGUAGES
45
AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES
47
AUSTROTAI LANGUAGES
52
AVAR
53
AVESTAN
55
AYMARA
57
AZERI
58
BAI
61
BALINESE
62
BALTIC LANGUAGES
64
BALUCHI
65
BANDA
67
BANTU LANGUAGES
68
BASHKIR
75
BASQUE
76
BATAK LANGUAGES
78
BAULE
80
BEJA
81
BYELORUSSIAN
82
BEMBA
84
BENGALI
86
BERBER LANGUAGES
88
BHOJPURI
90
BIKOL
92
BlSLAMA
93
BODOGARO LANGUAGES
94
BRAHUI
96
BRETON
97
BUGIS
99
BULGARIAN
101
BURMESE
103
BUYI
107
CATALAN
108
CAUCASIAN LANGUAGES
109
CEBUANO
111
CELTIC LANGUAGES
113
CHADIC LANGUAGES
117
CHAM
118
CHAMORRO
120
CHECHEN
121
CHEROKEE
123
CHHATTISGARHI
125
CHINESE
126
CHOKWE
132
CHUVASH
134
CIRCASSIAN
136
COPTIC
137
CREE
139
CRIOULO
141
CUSHITIC LANGUAGES
142
CZECH
144
DANISH
146
DARGWA
148
DINKA
149
DIOLA
150
DIVEHI
152
DOGRI
153
DONG
154
DRAVIDIAN LANGUAGES
155
DUALA
157
DUTCH
158
DZONGKHA
161
EDO
162
EFIK AND IBIBIO
164
EGYPTIAN
165
ENGLISH
166
ENGLISH CREOLES AND PIDGINS
175
ESKIMOALEUT LANGUAGES
180
ESTONIAN
182
ETHIOPIC
184
EWE AND FON
185
EWONDO BULU AND FANG
187
FAROESE
190
FIJIAN LANGUAGES
191
FINNISH
193
FORMOSAN LANGUAGES
196
FRENCH
198
FRENCH CREOLES
203
FRISIAN
205
FULANI
206
208
GAELIC
209
GALICIAN
211
GANDA
212
GARHWALI
214
GBAYA
215
GEORGIAN
216
GERMAN
218
GERMANIC LANGUAGES
224
GILAKI
226
GONDI
227
GONGA LANGUAGES
228
GOTHIC
229
GREEK
230
GUARANÍ
235
GUJARATI
237
GUSII
239
HAITIEN
240
HANI
241
HAUSA
242
HAWAIIAN
244
HEBREW
245
HILIGAYNON
247
HINDI
248
HIRI MOTU
251
HITTITE
252
HUNGARIAN
254
IBAN
257
ICELANDIC
259
IGBO
260
IJO AND KALABARI
262
ILOCANO
264
INDOARYAN LANGUAGES
265
INDOEUROPEAN LANGUAGES
270
INUIT
276
IRANIAN LANGUAGES
278
IRISH
280
ITALIAN
283
JAMAICAN CREOLE
286
JAPANESE
287
JAVANESE
290
JINGHPAW
292
JUDEZMO
294
KABYLE
295
KADAI LANGUAGES
296
KALENJIN
297
KAMBA
298
KAMTOK
299
KANNADA
300
KANURI
302
KAREN LANGUAGES
304
KASHMIRI
306
KAZAKH
308
KHASI
311
KHMER
313
KHOISAN LANGUAGES
315
KHOTANESE
317
KHOWAR
318
KIKUYU
319
KIRIBATI
321
KITUBA
322
KOMI
323
KONGO
325
KONKANI
327
KOREAN
328
KRIO
331
KRU LANGUAGES
332
KUKICHIN AND NAGA LANGUAGES
333
KUMAUNI
336
KUMYK
337
KURDISH
339
KURUKH
341
KYRGYZ
342
LAHU
344
LAMPUNG
345
LANNA THAI KHÜN AND LÜ
346
LAO
348
LATIN
350
LATVIAN
353
LEZGHIAN
354
LI
355
LINGALA AND BANGALA
357
LISU
359
LITHUANIAN
360
LUYIA
375
MABA
377
MACEDONIAN
378
MADURESE
380
MAGAHI
381
MAGINDANAO
382
MAITHILI
383
MAKASAR
384
MAKONDE
385
MAKUA
386
MALAGASY
387
MALAY INDONESIAN AND MALAYSIAN
389
MALAYALAM
393
MALTESE
394
MANDEKAN
395
MANIPURI
399
MAORI
400
MARATHI
402
MARI
404
MARSHALLESE
406
MASAI
409
MAYAN LANGUAGES
410
MBUNDU
412
MENDE
414
MERU
415
MIAO
416
MINANGKABAU
418
MINGRELIAN AND LAZ
419
MIXTEC
421
MON
423
MONGOLIAN LANGUAGES
424
MÕÕRE
427
MORDVIN
428
MOZARABIC
430
MUNDARI
431
MUONG
433
NADENÉ LANGUAGES
434
NAHUATL
436
NAVAHO
440
NAXI
441
NDEBELE
443
NEPALI
444
NEWARI
445
NIGERCONGO LANGUAGES
447
NILOSAHARAN LANGUAGES
453
NKORE
457
NORWEGIAN
459
NUBIAN LANGUAGES
462
NUPE
464
NYANJA
466
OCCITAN
468
OJIBWA
470
OLD NORSE
471
OLD SLAVONIC
473
OMOTIC LANGUAGES
475
ORIYA
476
OROMO
477
OSSETE
479
PALAEOSIBERIAN LANGUAGES
480
PALI
482
PAMPANGAN
484
PANGASINAN
485
PANJABI
486
PAPIAMENTU
489
PAPUAN LANGUAGES
490
PASHTO
492
PERSIAN DARI AND TAJIK
494
POLISH
497
PORTUGUESE
500
QUECHUA
505
QUICHÉ
508
RAJASTHANI
509
REJANG
510
RIFIA
511
ROMANCE LANGUAGES
512
ROMANI
515
ROMANIAN
518
ROMANSCH
520
RUNDI RWANDA AND HA
522
RUSSIAN
524
SAMI
530
SAMOAN
533
SAMOYEDIC LANGUAGES
534
SANGO
536
SANSKRIT
538
SANTALI
541
SARA
542
SARDINIAN
543
SASAK
545
SEMITIC LANGUAGES
546
SENA
547
SERBIAN CROATIAN AND BOSNIAN
548
SEYCHELLOIS
551
SHAN
552
SHONA
554
SINDHI
556
SINHALA
558
SINOTIBETAN LANGUAGES
561
SIRAIKI
563
SLAVONIC LANGUAGES
564
SLOVAK
566
SLOVENE
567
SOGBIAN
569
SOMALI
570
SONGHAY
572
SONINKE
574
SORBIAN
575
SOTHO
576
SPANISH
579
SUKUMA
585
SUMERIAN
587
SUNDANESE
589
SUSU
590
SWAHILI
591
SWAZI
596
SWEDISH
598
TAGALOG
600
TAHITIAN
603
TAI LANGUAGES
605
TAMASHEQ
607
TAMAZIGHT
608
TAMIL
610
TANGUT
613
TASHELHET
614
TATAR
615
TELUGU
617
TEMNE
619
TERNATE
620
TESO
622
THAI
623
THO
625
TIBETAN
626
TIGRINYA
629
TIV
630
TOCHARIAN LANGUAGES
632
TOK PISIN
633
TONGA
634
TONGAN
635
TSONGA
636
TSWANA
637
TULU
639
TUMBUKA
640
TUNGUSIC LANGUAGES
641
TUPÍ
644
TURKANA
645
TURKIC LANGUAGES
647
TURKISH
651
TURKMEN
655
UDMURT
656
UIGHUR
657
UKRAINIAN
659
URALIC LANGUAGES
661
URDU
663
UZBEK
665
VENDA
667
VIETNAMESE
668
WA
670
WARAYWARAY
673
WELSH
674
WOLAYTTA
677
WOLOF
678
XHOSA
679
YAKUT
681
YAO AFRICA
683
YAO LANGUAGES
685
YI
686
YIDDISH
688
YORUBA
692
YUCATEC
694
ZANDE
696
ZAPOTEC
697
ZHUANG
698
ZULU
700
Glossary
705
Index
709
Acknowledgements
734
Copyright

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About the author (2015)

Andrew Dalby is a historian and linguist. His languages include Sanskrit, Pali, Latin, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, German, and Burmese. He is the author of several books.

He studied classics and linguistics at St John's College, Cambridge, and gained a PhD from London University.

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