Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization Volume I: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece 1785-1985
What is classical about Classical civilization? In one of the most audacious works of scholarship ever written, Martin Bernal challenges the foundation of our thinking about this question. Classical civilization, he argues, has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. But these Afroasiatic influences have been systematically ignored, denied or suppressed since the eighteenth century—chiefly for racist reasons.
The popular view is that Greek civilization was the result of the conquest of a sophisticated but weak native population by vigorous Indo-European speakers—Aryans—from the North. But the Classical Greeks, Bernal argues, knew nothing of this “Aryan model.” They did not see their institutions as original, but as derived from the East and from Egypt in particular.
In an unprecedented tour de force, Bernal links a wide range of areas and disciplines—drama, poetry, myth, theological controversy, esoteric religion, philosophy, biography, language, historical narrative, and the emergence of “modern scholarship.”
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Proposed Historical Outline
The Final Solution of the Phoenician Problem 18851945
Greece European or Levantine? The Egyptian and West Semitic Components of Greek Civilization
Solving the Riddle of the Sphinx and Other Studies in EgyptoGreek Mythology
The Ancient Model in Antiquity
Egyptian Wisdom and Greek Transmission from the Dark Ages to the Renaissance
The Triumph of Egypt in the 17th and 18th Centuries
Transmission of the New Scholarship to England and the Rise of
The Rise and Fall of the Phoenicians 183085
The Return to the Broad Aryan Model 194585
Other editions - View all
Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization Volume I: The ...
No preview available - 2020
19th century accepted According Aegean Anatolia Ancient Model Antiquity appear argued argument Aryan Model associated attack became beginning believed called central century BC chapter Christianity civilization claim Classical colonization concerned connection considered continued cult culture derived described Despite developed discussed doubt earlier early East Egypt Egyptian Egyptian religion established Europe European evidence explain Extreme fact France French Furthermore German given Greece Greek hand Hellenic Herodotos historian Homer ideas important Indo-European influence instance interest Italy language late later legends less linguistic linked maintained major meaning mentioned Middle Müller nature Nevertheless Niebuhr Oriental origin Pelasgians period Persian philosophy Phoenician political possible Professor progress published race racial reason referred religion Romantic scholars seems seen Semitic similar sources Texts thought tradition true turn writing written wrote