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ous flames here and there issue, which are It is evident that they prefer their religion passed behind the rays, or the stars twinkled occasioned by the exhalations ofthe naphtha. to all others, and consider themselves as through them. It was not quite light enough Though this fire may not be eternal, yet it is purer than other men, because they are fa- to read, but about as light as when the moon extremely old, for there are traditions of the voured with the purest notions of the divi- is veiled in thin transparent clouds. It conorigin of similar phenomena* in other parts; nity. In conversing with persons of a dif- tinued about an hour, but it frequently lasts for instance, in the Ural, on the river Maxe- ferent religion, they protect themselves by through the night. It is sometimes more gischiack, in the village of Sulp-Aul (v. Pal- certain prayers, which they repeat in an un- brilliant than when I saw it, but in general las), and that which I have seen in Walla-der-voice. They seemed much displeased less so. It is seldom that a year passes chia, on the little river Slainka, near the vil- when my companions were going to dress without an aurera borealis, and then it is lage of Lapatar, on Mount Klaschna. But their dinner at the same fire as theirs. To very frequent. On high mountains, it seems the origin of the fire in the neighbourhood of satisfy them, I had the kettle removed to to hover round the traveller.' Baku is buried in the obscurity of the remot- another part. When they carried water near From Boie's Tour in Norway, we quote a est antiquity.

us, they always cried out, brama, brama, most remarkable instance of what human • The first appearance of this fire, in an age brama, doubtless to counteract our influence nature can bear in those climates :when the phenomena of nature we re so little upon it. Perhaps they have a particular 'In November, 1814 or 1813, John known and explored, might appear superna- respect for water; at least

, in remote anti- Frank, of Moskenve, rowed to the numetural. It is well known that Media was the quity, it was considered, by many of the fol- rous cliffs on the west of this island (Mos'seat of Zoroaster's doctrine, and of the intro-lowers of Zoroaster, as a divinity.

ken), and moored against one of them to duction of those mysterious receptacles of * The atmosphere in the temple and in the shoot sea otters. He went on shore, but the eternal fire which the Mahometans every surrounding court-yard is very warm, on probably neglected to secure the boat prowhere destroyed. Only the miraculous flame which account the monks wear a very light perly, as the remains of it were soon after of Baku arrested the blind fury of the Maho clothing.

found floating on the water; and it being metans. The temple consecrated to fire is • It is reported that the monks in former supposed of course that he had perished, no still preserved by the remnant of the ancient times frequently made singular vows: for in- difficulty was made in proceeding to the leParsees, or fire-worshippers, who, though stance, to remain for several years in a con- gal division of his property among bis scattered over the immense tracts of Persia strained attitude, with their arms raised, or heirs. Nearly a month afterwards, a boat and India, come hither to perform the pray- holding up one foot, &c. This, indeed, has accidentally touching at the cliff, discovered ers imposed on them by their vows. This ceased; but they still endeavour, as they the unfortumate man, who, without speaking temple, however, is no beautiful specimen of used to do, to prevent the women from ap- a word, fell upon the provisions in the boat. architecture, but a simple stone square, in proaching the sacred fire; probably that their lle was dreadfully disfigured by want of the centre of which stands the altar, from resence may not divert their attention. food, yet still able to stand upright. The which issues the eternal fire. The fiat roof is 'In every thirs that surrounds them, magistrates soon after visited this place, and supported on four columns, from which a con- these monks are very neat and cleanly. are said to have taken down his statement in stant fire, conducted by tubes, likewise as- They have no superfluity, but poverty is un- writing. Ile affirmed that he had lived oncends. On the roof, above the altar, is a lit- known among them. Their cells are like-ly on turf and snow, instead of fresh water, tle belfry.

wise lighted by the subterraneous fire, wlrich of which there was none in the place. Pro' On dark nights this temple is descried is easily extinguished by covering the vent bably, however, he had eaten also muscles, even at a great distance, and is the more in- through which the gas issues. The verdure and sea stars, of which there must have been teresting and majestic in the eyes of the tra- of the garden, on the other side of the coun- some on a cliff some hundred paces in exveller, as the brilliant flame does not resem-try, and of the temple, and the delightful tent, but did not think fit to acknowledge it. ble Vulcan's destructive fire, but is like some shade of the trees, afford these hermits a re- After his delivery he was seized with a semysterious phenomenon, awakening sublime freshing coolness. If superstition finds in vere fit of illness, but survived it four years. recollections of antiquity.

the evanescent plain an object of adora- He is said to have been distinguished for a • Within the wall which surrounds the tion, no inconsiderable advantge is derived remarkably muscular make.' temple, there are some stone houses, and a from the naplıtha which is so common here Although we shall return to this volume, small garden, the residences of eight Parsee and in the neighbourhood, and yields to the yet we think it necessary to state that it conmonkst. During the time of worship, they crown an annual revenue of two hundred tains four interesting views, and a portrait of strike the bell once, generally on their en-thousand rubles.'

Humboldt. trance into the temple, and then prostrate There is an excellent account of all the themselves before the altar. After remaining known volcanoes in the world; but this, as Letters from the Irish Highlands. Post 8vo. for a pretty considerable time in this posi- well as several other interestmg articles, we pp. 359. London, 1824. tion, they rise, strike the bell once more, and must pass over for the present. We add two ar- | As the state of Ireland will necessarily octhen finish their prayers. They give the fire ticles; the first is an account of a very beau- cupy a considerable share of the attention of the firstlings of every sort of food. They eat tiful aurora borealis, which Dr. Schubert, a Parliament at the ensuing session, any work no meat, and 'live enti on vegetables. late traveller in Sweden, saw in the province calculated to throw a light on the subject is Their particular affection to animals is pro- of Aelsingland:

entitled to notice; and that such is the bably the cause of it. The guardians of the ‘On the 19th of September I arrived at case with the Letters from the Irish Highholy fire keep a great number of dogs, whom Delabo, at near eight o'clock in the evening. lands, we have no hesitation in asserting. It they treat as friends and companions. At about half-past nine, I had the pleasure is true that they do not enter into a political

of seeing a very beautiful aurora borealis, discussion of the advantages of the union, nor **They originated at no very distant period, but was not able to perceive that it was ac- do they touch on the great question of Caby the lightning having rent the upper hard companied with the slightest noise. The tholic emancipation—topics certainly on layer of the mountain, which made an issue northern sky was brilliantly illuminated with which it would be very difficult to graft a for the inflammable vapours, and at the same , bright varying rays, which moved alternately new argument or reconcile the very distime caused the flames to arise.'

up and down in an oblique direction; they cordant opinions already entertained. + The Europeans call them, as well as all were sometimes white, then green, yellow, The miseries of Ireland lie much deeper other fire-worshippers, Guebers, wbich seems red, nearly resembling the colours of the than many politicians seem to imagine, and, to be a corruption of the word Gaur, by which rainbow; 'at one time, they kept distinct were the union to be dissolved, and Catho they designate all those who profess a different from each other; at another, they blended lic emancipation granted to its fullest extent, reliigon. They call the Russians Sare Giaur, or Sare Guebr, i.e. light-brown idolators, pro- together with the most lively play of colours, we do not believe the country would become bally because they observe fewer persons with then separated again; and sometimes the either rich or happy. The bane of Ireland black hair among them than among the peo- whole seemed to stand still: the appearance is in the ignorance of its peasantry, and in ple of Asia.'

was the most beautiful when dark clouds that bigotry which is inseparable from the

manteau

Roman Catholic faith, the constant ene- inner room, affording a shelter for two cows, an under-garment of linen, an unbleached my of education and improvement in a horse, and a piy, and sundry other miscel- linen apron, which is not very common it Every country. In no part of the world is laneous animals, besides the family, and the must be confessed, and a coloured cotton the influence of the priesthood stronger than guests newly arrived. We were ushered neckerchief be added, with a large blue or it is in Ireland: since there we have, within into an inner room, which bad two beds on gray cloak thrown across the shoulders, you the last few months, pretended miracles, per- the ground-floor, two more in the loft, and have as respectable a figure as can be wislied formed by a monkish prince of Hohenlohe, above that, a roosting-place for the chickens. for in the foreground of our mountain scenery. and a native priest actually murdering a child, The floor was damp and uneven, the room If unmarried, her glossy black or auburn hair in the presence of its own parents and a host dark and dirty. Our repast consisted of po- will be turned in a very becoming madonnaof persons, on pretence of expelling an evil tatoes and eggs, which I enjoyed tolerably like style behind her ears, and fastened with spint, with which he said the little innocent well. Not so my fastidious companion, who a large black pin; if married, you have but s possessed. Equally striking instances was, however, better satisfied with the egos, little chance of seeing it neatly kept, and are rezted, in the volume before us, of the exclaiming in rapture with every shell that therefore it is as well that it should be conblind bigotry of the Irish; and that the Ro- he cracked, “Tham Ileaven they have coats I cealed beneath a linen cap. I see that, reman Catholic church is intolerant, we need on!”

gardless of my commendations, your eye is Dioł go to Ireland to ascertain, since its great • After our repast was finished, we began fixed with surprise and disgust upon her head has recently proscribed the Bible, and, to think of our arrangements for the night. naked feet; but I pray you to remember, like the Grand Seignior, prohibited its circu- I laid me down in my cloak, with a port- that she must traverse many a bog, and cross laton.

my pillow, and slept sound and many a mountain stream, before she can Aluch has been written, and more said, on well, except when awakened occasionally by reach her lowly cabin; and shoes and stockthe state of Iceland; and yet it is notorious the moans of my friend, whose nocturnal ings, if she had them, would only prove an that the great mass of the English and Irish sufferings, when recapitulated the next morn- incumbrance. Indeed, I will candidly conpopulation are as ignorant of the real cha- | ing, were pretty nearly as follows: fess, that my eye is so much accustomed to racter of each other, as if they lived in dif- * “ As soon as you laid down on the bed, the absence of these same shoes and stockszent hemispheres. The work of Mr. Cro- I composed myself to sleep in my chair by ings, and I am so well convinced of the dister, recently published, is one of the best the fire; but the smoke that poured out from proportion that exists between the comfort liat bas appeared, and it has an excellent the chimney for a while prevented my getting they yield and the expense they occasion, Companion in the Letters from the Irish any rest. At last, I fell into a dose of a few that I should be very willing to enter into a Highlands, which, though somewhat local, minutes, but was soon startled by finding my compromise, and, if the rest of the wardrobe throw much light on the real condition of chair sink into the floor; and as often as I were in good order, allow the shoes and be peasantry of Ireland.

sought for a more secure foundation, the stockings to be laid by for Sundays and hoThe authors, for they are more than one, same result broke in upon my slumbers. lidays. The men, whose labour in the and we suspect of both sexes, are stated tó Once I was awakened by the entrance of fields makes such a defence absolutely necesbe the members of a family party, who took three or four great girls, and, curious to know sary, are scarcely ever seen without them; up their residence in that wilderness, Cun- what was to become of them, I roused my- while by the children they are as seldom Eetara, and who wish to lend some assist- self to watch their ascent into the cock-loft, worn. ance, however trifling, towards removing the and saw them comfortably nestled in the * If such is the appearance of one of the Teil which conceals the state of Ireland.' thatch just below the fowls. Not long after, best of our countrywomen, you may easily This, to a considerable extent, the work must the cocks began to crow, and the hens to conceive the change which negligence and accomplish; it is well written, and contains cackle, and, on waking, I found the fire gone poverty gradually produce. No linen at all a spirited, and, we doubt not, a very faithful out, which tempted me into the kitchen. is worn by the poor creature; her bright red picture of the domestic character of the Irish There I saw the floor literally strewed with petticoat becomes dingy and ragged ; -ler peasantry, viewed not in a hasty tour, or by arms and legs; and the ducks began to gown hangs in strips; the neckerchief, if shie a careless observer, but drawn from a long quack, and the geese to gabble, and we had have one, is so dirty that its colours are unTezidence anong them, and a full acquaint- to make our way through the legs and arms distinguishable; and the cap bears no appearance with the subject, by persons who have to the door of the house, which I opened, ance of ever having been bleached. In vain isted them in their cottages, mixed with just as the day began to dawn. The ducks you look for the gude gray cloak-across her item, listened to all their distresses and tra- and geese hobbled out with all speed, and I shoulders is thrown a square wrapper of drions, and watched them in their avoca- followed : but being less enured to the cold, Aannel or cotton, or perhaps an old cotton tzons and amusements. The picture thus was glad to return and light a fresh fire in gown, borrowed for the occasion, and form&rwn is eminently calculated, not only to our room, while you lay sleeping all the ing a drapery peculiar, I fancy, to this counLake us better acquainted with a country's while as if nothing was the matter.'

try, but neither becoming nor picturesque; pride,' a bold peasantry,' but removes many Our authors give a good account of the or if the weather be rather cold, the dirty Troneous opinions formed of them, by show- state of agriculture in Ireland, though not so blanket is taken from the bed, and drawn 1-2 that, however desperate or ferocious may voluminously as Arthur Young or Mr. Cur- closely round both her head and shoulders.' t* the habits of some portion of the Irish, wen. Of the costume of the peasantry, we There are many characteristic anecdotes there is much hospitality and a great deal of are told, that

scattered through this volume, strikingly ilend feeling to be met with in the country. 'Such as are thriving in the world, and lustrative of every feature in the Irish cha

The principal author of these letters ap- inclined to bestow a little care upon their racter. On one occasion, being in company pears to be an English gentleman, who has personal appearance, would come before you with some young female peasants

, one of states in Ireland, and we find him very pro- in a costume, so picturesque in itself, and so whom was going to be married soon, our perly deprecating the odious tyranny and well adapted to the variable climate of Ire- author said, "A good husband is a great Tinous exactions of middle men. While in land, that scarcely any alteration can be de- blessing.' Nothing could be more common(memara, our author, accompanied by a sired. Their country Aannel, thickened with place. How different the reply of a girl frend, set out for Letterguesh, at the foot of oatmeal, and dyed with madder, a process present: "It is a blessing,' said she, “if it Hessccona, where he was told there was which takes place at home, forms so good please God to find a shelter from every man. sate. On their way, they were compelled and substantial a petticoat, of a bright red Our author seems to think the Catholic

stop at an inn at Rosscroe, of which we colour, set in full plaits rounds the waist, priests have not such great influence as has Save an amusing description :

that its warmth might well defy even the been generally supposed; we confess, how* The hotel at Rosscroe would be worth de- rudest of our western breezes. The gown, ever, that no evidence is adduced to lessen Tription, if it could be accurately described. which is open before, with short sleeves, and the supposition in our opinion. It is eviA thatched building, about thirty feet long a lined bodice, is of the same material, but dent, however, that the maintenance of the by Sheen wide, contained a kitchen and an generally of a chocolate brown colour. If pricsts is a heavy and involuntary tax :

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The truth, then, is, that in this respect the stances of it adduced in this volume. The | into the remotest corners of the land, is it Roman Catholic priesthood are no further peasants, for instance, often keep a bottle of not to be hoped that better motives may, ere dependent on the private character which holy water to be used as a remedy in all long, still more effectually destroy the influthey may bear, than the clergy of the esta- cases of sickness, and which they believe is ence of all such false and dangerous deceit?” blished church; and though you will not wonderfully efficacious:

The age of miracles is in full vigour in Irefancy me illiberal enough to believe that The priest is often called in to perform a land, where the weakness of the devil and the there are not zealous and benevolent mem- sort of exorcism on those whose disorders are victory of the priests have been lately combers to be found in their body, yet, within supposed to arise from spiritual agency; memorated in a tale, as absurd as the farmy limited circle, I have met with more of and, with respect to such possession, our famed legend of St. Dunstan. We must that selfish worldly-minded class, who but people entertain very wild and wonderful give it :too often disgrace our own establishment. notions.—They have an idea of seeing what "Tom Rowland was returning with his Nor would it, I believe, be going too far to they call their “ fetch,” some aerial being or cattle from market, disconsolate, as many an say, that the influence of private character is other, who appears to give them warning of honester man has been, that he could find no as much felt by the one, in the collection of their approaching death. Such an appari- purchaser. “I wish the devil would give these supposed voluntary offerings, as by the tion, you may readily conceive, often pre- me money, for there's no body else that will." other, in the legal receipt of tithes; and Icedes an attack of illness, of which, how- | Parlez du diable, et voilà sa queue, is an old have heard our poor neighbours compare the ever, it may happily prove to have been the proverb; but his highness has better manners disposition of their present priest with that of worst symptom. I remember hearing a in these days, and appears like a jantleman, his predecessor, much in the same way that story of the kind from a poor man, whose handsome, and well dressed. To his questhey are accustomed to speak of the Protest son, while working in the field, “ conceited" tion, “Do you want money?" Tom Rowant incumbent. “Oh! sure it wasn't that that he beheld some indescribable being, who land was not afraid to answer, "yes.” “If way with Father Tom at all: it isn't he that called to him, and, taking up a little stone, you'll sell yourself to me, you shall have would be taking the bit out of the poor wid- threw it at his head. The boy set off in- plenty;" he again assented. The devil gave dee and orphan's mouth; but Father Den- stantly, ran 'home without stopping, and £200, and asked Tom for a receipt, which nis says, that where he comes from, the wid" took sick from that hour.” Whatever was must be signed with his own heart's blood. dees were always the best rent; and he's a the cause of the boy's complaint, I had the Tom stepped into a cabin, but, deeming a good warrant sure to take it from them. satisfaction of knowing that a simple dose of red lead pencil equally satisfactory, and not Didn't I go supperless the last time I carried medicine had effected his cure.

quite so dangerous as the signature required, him a tenpenny? so because I had got the * One of the most deplorable of these su- he made use of one which chanced to be in money with me, I felt quite bold like; and, perstitious fancies is their credulity with re- his pocket. An Irish devil has, it seems, no Father Dennis,

' says I, 'you'd be having spect to the “Gospels," as they are called, share in the national acuteness, or he would some pity of the poor cratur, who has six which they wear suspended round the neck pot have been so easily duped. Tom Row, weak childer, and no father to help them as a charm against danger and disease. land went on his way, and, secure in his red with his little earnings:' with that he just These are prepared by the priest, and sold by lead pencil, ventured to join in the celebrabeckons me to hand him the money." "As them at the price of two or three ten-pennies. tion of mass, to which he was invited some the woman concluded with the account of It is considered sacrilege in the purchaser to days afterwards in a neighbour's house. The her reluctant compliance, her countenance part with them at any time; and it is moreover devil

, however, regarding this as an infringe assumed very much the same expression believed that the charm proves of no efficacy ment on the bond, tapped at the cabin door, which it would have done, under similar cir- to any but the individual for whose particu- and inquired for Tom Rowland. Tom, suscumstances, with a tithe proctor.

lar benefit the priest has blessed it. 'One of | pecting his “genteel” friend, refused to obey Nor are these regular demands their only, them I have been shown as a rarity, which the summons; but the devil, eager to secure or even their worst grievance. They consi- seldom, indeed, finds its way imo heretical what he deemed a lawful prize, sprang in der as a heavy additional tax the necessity of hands. I will describe, as minutely as pos- among them, and knocked him down. The providing luxuries, which they never tastesible, both its form and contents: it was a priest, who came to the rescue, was not a themselves, in order to regale his reverence, small cloth bag, marked on one side with match for his highness; other priests were when he performs mass, or any other cere- the letters I. H. S., enclosing a written scrap sent for, but they could only drive the enemy mony, in a private house. Perhaps you are of dirty paper, of which the following is an to change his quarters, without being able to not aware, that the rites of the Roman Ca- exact copy, orthographical errors not ex- force him to dislodge. From Tom Rowland tholic church, in Ireland at least, are all per- cepted :

he escaped into a large kettle; and thenc formed at home; except, indeed, the mar- + In the name of God Amen: When again up the chimney. The power of the riage ceremony, which occasionally takes our Saviour saw the cross whereon he was priest was here baffled; they sent for one o place in the priest's house. Twice a year he To Be Crucified his body trembiled and their brethren from Westport: and a sacre comes round the parish, for the purpose of shook the Jews asked Iff he had the Faver wand, of which he was happily possessed confession; and, in the different villages, or the ague he said that he had neither the compelled the obedience of the evil spirit takes up his station in some snug cabin, faver or the ague. Whosoever shall keep He was driven from the house, and Tom re where he expects to be treated with white these words in mind or in righting shall ne- mains free, with the honour of having out bread, tea, sugar, and whiskey. Those who, ver have the faver or ague. Be the hearers witted the devil.' in more prosperous times, probably esteem- Blessed. Be the Believers Blessed. Be Intending to resume this work, we shal ed the entertainment of this reverend guest the name of our Lord god Amen

for the present, conclude with a curiou as an honour, now frequently complain of it

Cy. Toolr.

anecdote: as a burden. A poor woman who, on the On the other side of the paper is written . During a lonely walk last summer, last of these occasions, walked four miles in the Lord's Prayer in as curious a style of met with a tenant's wife, who warned me search of a teapot, gave as her reason, that spelling; and after it a great number of ini- the danger which she thought I was likely neither bread, butter, nor milk, would be tial letters, apparently all by the same hand, encounter from some wild cattle on my considered acceptable, without the addition and probably essential to the charm. In turn home. This led to a conversation, of tea and spirits. Nay, it is a fact, that a stead of being edified, you are, I doubt not, the course of which the subject of going priest, on the Sunday previous to commenc- as much grieved and disgusted with the heaven was mentioned. She seemed ing his rounds, gave public notice after mass, description as I was with the actual appear- reckon confidently upon my being of di that as tea, sugar, and four were to be bad

ance of this pious cheat. Yet, may we not happy number who would gain admittanc in the neighbourhood, there would be no ex- hope that, by exposing such in the broad 1 expressed the hope of finding many of a cuse for those who were not prepared.' We have already alluded to Irish bigotry towards their gradual extirpation? If the for the likes of us, poor dirty craturs

, 101 daylight of reason, we lend a helping hand poor neighbours there. “ Och, sure, it's and superstition, and numerous are the in-desand of ridiclule has already driven them I going to such a fine place!" I reminded h

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fire;

that our blessed Saviour's distinction rested On, on I sped upon my course sublime, And friends on shore shall weep-and weep in o purity of heart, not on any outward ap- Nor for a moment thought of earth or time,

vain, pearance; but she still persisted, in appa- Till Night's dull curtain o'er the beavens was For, to the ruthless elements consigned, rent security of my salvation, and incredu- hung,

The seaman's corpse is drifting through the lity respecting her own.

May be now,
if

main,
And through the skies the hollow tempest sung;
I could but get hold of your honour's gown, To gain the earth; but, ah! the bour was past.
Then down the black profound I speeded fast Ne'er to be seen by them, nor heard of e'er

again!
I might slip in wid
yees!

Low, as I sunk, I heard the billows roll,
The roar of waters smote my shuddering soul;

“Now o'er the skies the orbs of light are spread, Tie Buccaneer, ond other Poems. By John | All faint with terror, I began to feel

And through yon shoreless sea they wander MALCOLM, late of the 42d Regiment. My heart grow sick-my troubled brain to reel. Where is the place of your abode, ye dead? 12110. Pp. 202. London, 1824. Yet in that hour tbe sense was left me still

To what far regions have your spirits gone? Me. Malcolm was lately an officer in the To hurl each weight froin out my vehicle, 42d regiment; and if he used his sword as Which vaulted upwards from the abyss once But ye are silent-silent as the stone

That gathers moss above your bed of rest,

more, well as he uses his pen, he was well worthy Though not so high but I could hear its roar;

And from the land of souls returneth none dla commission in that distinguished corps; Wild as the hungry howl-the ory for blood,

To tell us of the place to which we haste; far his poems, which are on a variety of sub which wakes each night the desert solitude.

But time will tell us all--and time will tell us jects, display no ordinary portion of genius. Careering still upon the tempest dire,

best. Dhe principal poem, the Buccaneer, consists i flew throngt darkuess, thunder-cloud, and How still—how soft and yet how dread is all of two cantas, the hero of which is the pirate

The scene around the silent earth and air ! 608; and although there are a few doubtful The lighủnings blazed around my lonely bead, What glorious lamps are hung in Night's bigh hymes, yet. it contains many beautiful pas-Wbile startled night in sullen darkness fledy

hall! sages, and an originality which would put to And to myself I seemed, like phantom thing,

Her doine--so vast, magnificent, and fair ! the blush (or at least ought to do) many po- Sweeping away upon the whirlwind's wing,

Oh! for an angel's wing to waft me there! pular poets of the present day. Preferring, Like spirit of the gloom, whose flying form How sweet, methinks, e'en for one little day, however

, to give one or two entire pieces, Adds tenfold terror to the ruthless storm. To leave this cold dull sphere of cloud and me shall make but a very brief extract, from At last upon the ocean, faint and far,

care, the Buccaneer, descriptive of hope :

A lone light glimmered like a setting star : And, 'midst the immortal bowers above, to stray “Xay, blessed the hope so soothing and so

Oh! how I gazed upon the distant bark, In lands of light and love-unblighted by de

Whose ray had made my night so doubly dark, sweet,

cay! Of which, if false, we shall not feel the cheat.

Which showed a place of safety on the maiu,
But also showed for me 't was there in vain!

"Surely there is a language in the sky, On earth what may its beauteous emblem be, On, on I flew before the sweeping blast,

A voice that speaketh of a world to come į A beam ibining o'er a stormy sea ; A cooling fountain in a weary land ; And soon the solitary light I past.

It swells from out thy depths, Immensity,
A gretu sport on a waste and burning savd ;-
Far to the windward set the ocean-beam,

And tells us this is not our final bome!
Anase that o'er a ruin sheds its bloom ;-
But straight before another shed its gleam;

As the toss'd bark, amidst the ocean's foam, A sanbeam smiling o'er the cold dark tomb!'

Right on I sped, and as I neared the light, Hails, through the gloom, the beacon o'er the
Down to the yawning floods I urged my thight,

wave; There is not, we believe, one of our readers And slowly fell beneath the vessel's lea, So from life's troubled sea, o'er which we roam, sho will not admit the beanty and the justice Where round her bulwarks raved the frenzied The stars, like beacon-lights, beyond the grave, ef these similes, which are sufficiently nume- sea;

Shine through the deep, o'er which our barke Potes to illustrate the subject, and yet do not The piercing shriek of agony I gave

we hope to save! weary the reader by a superfluity of illustra- Was heard above the roar of wind and wave;

Now gleams the moon on Arthur's mighty fion. The miscellaneous pieces are of a very A rope was cast, I seized it as it fell,

crest, varied character, and embrace a great diver- and thus was saved, the wondrous tale to tell. That dweller of the air—abrupt and lone: sity of subject. Two of these we shall select; STANZAS Writrex AT THE CLOSE OP A YEAR. Hushed is the city in her nightly rest; the last will at least be deemed seasonable, And it hath gone into the grave of time

But hark! there comes a sweet and solemn but we shall be disappointed if it has not other the past-the mighty sepulchre of all!

tone, daims on the attention of our readers :- That solemn sound-the midnight's mournful The lingering strains, that swelled in ages gone,

chime,

The music of the wake-oh! many an ear, THE AERONAUT. "He who bath sailed upon the pathless seas, Was its deep dead-bell-hut, within the hall

Raised from the pillow gentle sleep hath flowny As fieet and free as sweeps the wandering The old and young hold gladsome festival.

Lists with delight, while blend the smile and What bath it left them thus to cause such as recollections rise of many a vanished year.

tear, breeze, Knows how the soul expands, as we survey

joy?The sboreless waste the dread unmeasured

Gray hairs to some-and hearts less green to all, It speaks of former scenes of days gone by
And fewer steps to wbere their fathers lie

Of early friendships-of the loved and losi Bat sto shall speak the exulting thoughts, and

Low in the churcb-yard cell-cold-dark-and And wakes such music in the heart, as sigh silently!

Of evening wooes from harp-strings gently Ofhin who soars into the vaulted sky,

Strange time for mirth when round the leaf- crossd; Who to the thunder's secret place doth sail,

less tree

And thoughts and feelings. crowd-a varied Rides on the cloud, and travels on the gale,

The wild winds of the winter moan and sigh, host,
And bolds, through homeless wilds of space, Mute every woodland's evening melody
And while the twilight saddens o'er the lea,

O'er the lone bosom from their slumbers deep,

Unfelt amidst its winter's gathering frost, Free as a spirit loosened from its clay? Mute the wide landscape-save where, hurry-Till the soft spell of music o'er it creep, Tras so from earth I bounded, 'midst the roar

ing by,

And thaw the ice away, and bid the dreamer Of crowds , who cbeered my launching from the Roars the dark torrent on its headlong flight, weep!

Or, slowly sailing through the blackeuing sky, It will be seen that Mr. Malcolm's is a of this fair world; but as they waved farewell, Hoots unto solitude, the bird of night,

plaintive muse; and certainly an author is The last fait sounds came o'er me like a knell! Seeking

the domeless wall—the turret's loary entitled to choose his own strain, particularly As dow they died upon the distant ear,

height.

if he writes well. That our author does so, Din waxed the world—the darksome cloud And yet with Nature, sooth, we need not was near

we have no hesitation in affirming; and rarely,

grieve ; still shooting upwards to a fearful height,

indeed, have we seen a volume of poems She does not heed the woes of human kind; Iar , far below I marked the eagle's flight:

No: for the tempests howl, the waters heave containing so much merit, and yet so mobat higher rising on the freshening breeze, Their boary hills unto the raging wind,

destly ushered into the world, as those of The clouds beneath me rolled like sombre seas, And the poor bark no resting place can find;

Mr. Malcolm.

high,

his way,

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Fosbroke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities.

““ They also know the art of washing and honour, a saie or sagum, like a cloak, buckled

bleaching linen, and Pliny tells us, that they on one shoulder, in the Greek and Roman We have so frequently called the attention put certain herbs, particularly the roots of fashion, a girdle, to which is appendant in of our readers to this valuable work, that we wild poppies, into the water to make it more front a sword, a puis or tunic, like a shirt, might now content ourselves with merely efficacious in bleaching. For the purpose of down to the middle of the thighs, with an saying, that it is concluded by the publica- washing, they made soap of the fat of ani- ornamented border, pantaloons, and brogues, tion of the 24th part, which contains a por- mals, and the ashes of vegetables, the modern fastened on the instep”. trait and autobiography of the author. The pot-ash, the invention of which the same au- • The inhabitants of Cornwall and the Scilvast body of information which it contains, thor attributes to the Gauls."

ly Isles, according to Strabo, were habited in now first collected, renders it a very valuable work of reference. It shows more clearly, been dyed in imitation of the brindled ox's musiachios hanging down upon their breasts,

"" The yarn, as before observed, having long black garments, like tunics, and wore perhaps, than any preceding publication, the skin, the cloth manufactured from it in like wings; and, when walking abroad, they customs and manners of the ancients, and the stripes and chequers, was called the breach, held large staves in their hands, which made progress of society, by its arts and institu- as well as brecun by the Irish, whence the them resemble furies in a tragedy. tions. It has been said, and not inaptly, by bracce of the Roman writers. The quality • The mounted warrior wears a jacket, a living author, that the Romans conquered of this manufacture, and the dazzling effects laced or furred, woolly pantaloons, and a only to civilize; and the work of Mr. Fos- of a variety of colours, rendered it so much brogue, and carries a club in his hand. broke shows to what an extent the civilization esteemed by the chieftains, that it was not * On a stone found at Ludgate, London, effected by the Roman conquests has diffused long confined to one garment.

in 1689, and now preserved among the itself over modern Europe; the inhabitants

"“ Before the Romans entered Britain,” | Arundelian Marbles, is the figure of a Robeing in the main Romans, under a difierent

savs Diodorus Siculus, “the habits of its manized Briton. He has a sleeved tunic garb and language. Once more, then, giving chefs consisted of a puis, or close coat or down to the knees, and over it a plaid; the Mr. Tosbroke's Encyclopædia of Antiquities covering for the body, deriving the name feet and head are bare: in one hand he our warmest commendation, we conclude from py, inward, and úis the ribs ; and which, holds the cleddyv-duwdun, or two-handed with an extract on costume :

under the denomination cota (unde coat), sword. * The primitive British female passed her formed part of the Irish dress. This is what • The Gaulish, and of course British males time in basket-weaving, or in sewing toge- Dio.calls X+Twy, a tunic, and describes it as of rank, wore a golden (yellow or embroither, with leathern thongs or vegetable fibres, being of divers colours (TAPTOshos) or (dered) vest (aurca vestis, Virg.), striped the skins of such animals as had fallen into chequered with divers colours in divisions. cloaks (vi: gatis lucent stragulis, Virg.), and her husband's power, employing, for this It was open before like a shirt, in order to torques (colla auro imecluntur, Virg.). purpose, needles made of bone, exactly simi- enable the wearer to put it on, and had · The Roman-British females, on coins of Îar to those used for the heads of arrows. sleeves, which were close yet long; and, Britannia, appear in sleeved tunics, one or She was clad in preference in the skins, if to reaching to the wrist, it extended itself to the more drawn in below the breasts, with or be procured, of the brindled ox, pinned to- middle. Delow this began the lowdyr, or without a mantle or cloak thrown over the gether with thorns, ornamented with a neck- / pantaloons, which wrapped closely round shoulders. In short, they resemble modern lace formed of jet or other beads, and with the thighs and legs, terminating at the an-women, either in what is called a round the wild flowers entwined within her long cles. These were also plaided, and called gown, or bed-gown and petticoat, though and twisted locks. The man was attired in by the Irish brigis, and by the Romans brac- the latter, as distinct from a body and the skin of the brindled or spotted cow, call-ca, whence the word breeches. Over the sleeves, is not considered to be ancient. ed, in his native tongue, brych, and by the pais was thrown the mantle or cloak, called Tuis costume of the bed-gown and tunic, Ir sh breach. Instead of this, some of the by the Romans sagum, from the Celtic word also appears on the reverse of a coin of CaBritons wore the igyn, which was the nanie suie, which, according to Varra, signified a rausius, a bas-relief in Ilorsley, and is still for the skin of any wild beast, but more par- skin or hide, and the truth of his testimony worn by the Welsh peasantry. ticularly the tear (formerly an inhabitant of is borne out by the Irish seiche.

ticoat part of the tunic of Boadicea was Britain), while others assumed the mantell or !" On the feet were, either the esgidiau, striped. Sometimes it reached only to the knees. sheep-skin cloak, according as they were shoes so called from esci, protecting from The fillibug Dr. Meyrick will not admit herdsmen, hunters, or shepherds. In later hurt, similar to the brogues of the Irish, to be of Celtic origin, but of Roman introtimes, the mantell, from being shorter, was which were made of raw cow-hide, and had duction. However, as the Irish, who had worn only on horseback, and was then term- the hair turned outwards, and coming up to no connection with the Romans, did not, ed mantill verdslonig, the Irish mantle, or the ancles, or the buutuis or butis, the mo- according to Froissart

, wear breeches in the mantell gedlenang, the shaggy cloak. dern buskin.”

fourteenth century, I doubt the opinion, . The clothing art in wool and flax was • The head was covered with a conical cap, Among the Gaulish monuments given by long known to the Irish, and the names of " lorg retained by the Irish under the de Montfaucon, Auberi, &c., we find both men the materials, machinery, &c., are similar in nomination bioi ruid, and was the prototype and women distinguished by mystical borthe Trish, the Chaldee, the Hebrew, and the of their helmets; but the Britons seem to ders, as randykes, &c. Dr. Meyrick has Arabic la: guages. The Phenicians, perhaps, have made an improvement on it, by lower- given the figure of a Druid, splendidly attircommunicated the art to the Cornish, and ing the top, and making a projecting poke ed with a golden tiara, and the jodhum mothe inhabitants of the Scilly Isles; the other over the forehead, to protect the eyes; and rain or pectoral, of crescent form, &c.; but, parts of Britain probably to the Cauls. Of this they termed perignych, which, in process as it is not an original monument, I prefer the several kinds of cloth manufactured by of time, was deserted by the men, and worn the bas-reliefs given in the head-piece of the latter, one, according to Strabo, was made only by the women. Tie men next adopted chapter XV., P: 662. In short, the cosof a coarse harsh kind of wool, which, being the hutyr, ata, or hut, of which many with tumes of all the ancient nations lie in a woven very thick, was rendered extremely convex crowns appear on the British coins, small compass,--in tunics, with togas, or warm, and, consequently, was the fabric of and a Gaulish female with a flattened one is similar external coverings, preserved in the which the winter cloaks were manufactured. given by Montsauçon. This kind of dress Highland plaids, or cloaks, or mantles, filliAnother kind was made of fine wool, and was, however, worn only by the chieftains of begs, breeches, pantaloons, or trousers (the dyed several colours; and being spun into the British Isles, and ladies of rank. Their latter belonging to barbarians), and yarn, was woven chequerwise, which made dependents were still clothed in skins or lea- stockings. One peculiarity, it is asserted, it form small squares, some of one colour and ther.”

appertained to this island: the British ecsome of another. Hence the Tartan fashion. "“The Belgic Briton Dr. Meyrick arrays, clesiastics are said to have invented a new Felting wool, dying from vegetables, vest- according to the description of a Belgic tonsure, formed by merely shaving the head ments of skins, i. e. of leather only, cloth Gaul, hy Diodorus Siculus, in a sugar-loaf down to a level with the ears, and letting the made of hair, linen, and hemp, also occur. car (carpan cyrnuhill), a torque, or collar of rest of the hair grow.'

The pet

no

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