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iş, portentous. The deep movement Romanists on this subject are nowhich has been excited will take, as we
torious; and though Tractarians trust, a higher course, and lead an awakened Church to recognize and embrace express themselves more warily, the real substance of vital religion. The they point us to the same issue. modern Babel will then rush to its fall
; They are at present obliged, they and with it the New-Testament Babylon say, to “ work in chains,” and itself will sink, as we hope, to rise no more, and the glory of the latter day they pant to become unfettered
“Catholics;" lording it with spicome in."
ritual tyranny over men's conWe leave these passages to our readers for a month's meditation, to so vulgar a concern
sciences; and—if we may descend
their deferring our notices of the other
purses also; and, by means of spipublications in our hands to ano
ritual domination, trampling upon ther Number. If they wish for a
their civil liberties, and all that is fuller account of Panzani's mission, dear to them as men and citizens referred to by the Bishop of Cal
as well as Christians. The people cutta, they will find it in Mr. of England assuredly will not Goode's volume, No. 3 on our list. brook this, but then what will be Whether Popish emissaries are
the consequence? If a large numnow at work in disguise among us,
ber of zealots attempt to force such assuming the garb of subtle Tractarians, or of pretended Protestant will be overpowered, as they were
a system upon the nation, they Dissenters, trying to overturn the in the days of Charles the First; Church of England in order to but then, as in those days also, erect Popery on its ruins, can only moderate men—the sound Anglibe matter of conjecture. That
cans—may perhaps be crushed there may be conspirators of both
with them; and the nation be these classes, unknown to Trac- again relegated to the fierceness tarians and Dissenters as well as to genuine Anglican churchmen, is Independentism ; till the fearful
and extravagancies of democratical not impossible ; nor, looking to evils of such a state of things the past conduct of Rome, and its sober all good men, and generate a flagitious doctrine of ends sancti. wish for a return of peace and fying means, is it incredible ; but order. Such are the usual cycles without proof persons have no
of public events; but, alas! what warrant to assert it, as some have mischiefs and miseries they prodone in print, apart from corrobo- duce in their recurrence! We ration. But this we may assert, hope better things; and espethat there are writers in
cially for this reason, that the Tractarian and some Protestant
Church of England has of late Dissenting publications, who, whe
years been so signally blessed from ther they mean it or not, are aiding Popery in its struggle with the number of pious, faithful, and zea
on high, and includes so large a Church of England. The Dis- lous adherents, that we do not senters think that the subversion believe that the machinations of of the English national church avowed enemies will be permitted would be a deadly blow both to to prevail against her ; or those of Popery and Tractarianism; but false friends be allowed to change Papists and Tractarians, who must her aspect so as to expose her to best know their own policy, hold a this doom. different opinion. The opinions of
(To be continued.)
THE ESTATICA OF YOUGHAL.
The Estatica of Youghal, compared with the Wonders of the Tyrol : in a
Letter to the Earl of Shrewsbury. By the Rev. J. ALDWORTH,
Rector of Youghal, Ireland. The fanaticism and folly of Lord as the veriest Papist at the “ Shrewsbury, in vouching for the lumnies” of Protestants, who talk, miraculous phænomena of the in the style of our Homilies, of “ Estatica” and “ Addolorata” of Romanist cajolery, fraud (misthe Tyrol, were unworthy of no- named pious), lying legends, sputice, except as they proved how rious relics, and collusive miracles. nuns could juggle, priests cheat, Juggling priests are holy men; and Romanist devotees be de- hysterical nuns are sainted women ; ceived; and as a warning against and their tales are to be credited the importation of similar fraud with unwavering faith. and superstition into England. to believe, for example, all that But the craft of exstaticism is too Basil, Bishop of Seleuca wrote of lucrative not to generate impostors St. Thecla (if the legend be his); if it can meet with dupes without as that when they cast her into fear of detection and punishment. the fire she placed her body in the Should any person think that the form of a cross ; whereupon the love of “filthy lucre” is too base flames reverently assuming the a motive to assign for such im- same shape, canopied her over, postures, let him, if he pleases, and hid her, as in a resplendent dignify them with the ambition vault, from the gaze of the people ; and competition of rival orders and and that lions couched to her, houses—for both classes of mo- and one lioness fought for her tives may very well go together; and rescued her from other wild the whole system of relics, jug- beasts ; with five hundred stories gles, and false miracles, having as wonderful collected in the “Lives the two-fold virtue of gratifying of the Saints," and handed down pride and accumulating pence. The by veracious tradition, for the unpriests at a privileged station, or questioning edification, not the holy well, in Ireland, neglect nei- scrutiny, of admiring posterity. In ther. Their pride must dilate at heretical England, these things are the spectacle of their crouching to be revived for the restoration of and venerating “subjects," as the faith; - in Ireland, which they call their flocks; while their possesses it, the national union purses also swell with aggregated with Great Britain is to be reofferings.
pealed, and the Protestant EstaWe should leave unnoticed the blishment abolished, for the moral, juggles at Youghal, as we did religious, and political regenerathose of the Tyrol, which Lord tion of that beautiful but not very Shrewsbury vouched for, were it pacific island. Let us then see, not that the circumstances of Ire- by the example before us at land at the present moment invest Youghal, how the vaunted system such facts with adventitious im- works. Let us ascertain, by a recent portance. We are told much of practical example, whether Popery the moral majesty of Romanism; in Ireland is always as pure, and of the sentiments of devotion, simple-hearted, truthful, aye and religious awe, and implicit faith enlightened, as is alleged. Lord which it inspires. Our “ British Shrewsbury authenticates the miCritics,” and other self-styled racles wrought upon Maria Morl,
Catholics,” are as much shocked Domenica Lazzari, Domenica Barbagli, and forty or fifty other daughter has this disease, and cries out saints to whom have been vouch- of her. And some of them will continue safed the sacred stigmata.
a year or two, or seven in this case, daily
falling into such fits as one would think he, after the Rector of Youghal's should destroy or weaken them preexposition, authenticate the kin- sently; and yet after the fits, are almost dred wonders pretended to have
as well as ever, and their strength does
not much decay. been wrought in that town upon
“ If they hear any mention of a witch, certain hysterical devotees ?—but they
will likely take a conceit that they we recal the expression, for the are bewitched ; and then, in their fits, young women who have figured in they will cry out upon the witch, and if this matter are convicted impostors, they get but a conceit that they are pos
they see her they will fall into a fit. If not deluded but trying to delude. sessed with a devil, (by hearing the menAnd yet, such is the jugglery of tion of others who were possessed) they practical Popery, that, as in the will, by the power of corrupted fancy, well-known case of the Port-Royal play the parts of the possessed, and rage,
roar, and swear, and speak as in the pretended miracles, fanaticism and
person of the devil, and take on them to credulity often destroy the moral prophesy, or tell secrets. All this I have perceptions; so that it is difficult known, and I have eased some of them to ascertain what is folly and what by medicine in a few moments, and cured is conscious wickedness. We can
them (at that time) in a few days ; so
that I could easily have made the comnot, however, give the young ladies mon people believe that I had cast out a at Youghal credit for believing devil, if I had but had the design and their own wonders; and as little conscience of a Papist. A while ago a do we venture to hope that those neighbouring minister told me of a neigh
bour who was treated thus. I told him who pulled the wires, and made what disease it was, and advised him to them their puppets, were deceived. persuade her to call in a judicious phy. But that the artful priests of Rome sician. But the next I heard of her was, know well how to mould sus
that neglecting the physician, she was ceptible females to their purpose, upon was turned Papist : and no doubt
cured by some Popish Priest, and therein order to obtain influence over but among themselves it is reported for the multitude, is a fact abundantly a miracle. The same course they take authenticated ; and when we used also in some distractions, and other dis
And sometimes persons are the word “hysterical,” we had in trained up by them to dissemble and our recollection a passage of Ri- counterfeit a lunatic or possessed state.” chard Baxter's, in his "Key for Catholics,” which we will tran
We shall not attempt to ascer
tain how much is trick and how scribe :
much delusion in these matters; “Another of their deceits is by pre- and who in every instance are the tended miracles. If they do but hear of deceived, and who the deceivers. In a female who has hysterical passions in any violent degree, they presently go to the case, for instance, of the numecast the devil out of her ; that so they rous persons who have been demay make deluded people think they clared to have received “the sacred have wrought a miracle. And usually stigmata,” some have wounded eased woman herself, may be so much themselves from fanaticism, others unacquainted with the disease, as verily in delirium, and others to attract to believe the Papists, that they have a admiration or to extort money; devil indeed; and so turn Papists when some have been wounded by others, the cure is wrought, as thinking it was done by the finger of God. The nature by stratagem or knowingly; for, of this disease is to cause such strange when once some superstitious desymptoms, that most ignorant people who votee, or conscious deluder, had see them, think the persons are either perverted the words of St. Paul, “I bewitched, or have a devil
. At this very bear in my body the marks of the to dissuade a man from accusing one of Lord Jesus,” to mean that either his neighbours of witchcraft, because his that Apostle, or any other saint, was
marked with wounds in his hands cases with the Tyrolese Virgins in close and feet and side, resembling those assimilation, and place them on the same
" of-the crucified Saviour-and that
“But your Lordship has specified other angels inflicted such marks as a besides living instances of Raptures, Estoken of Divine favour—a wide tatics, and Stigmata ; and has referred, door was open to credulity and im- among several, to St. Francis of Assiposture. As for the founder of the sium, St. Catherine of Sienna, St. Philip
Neri, St. Dominick of benevolent and Franciscans, whose case is the most merciful memory, and St. Veronica Giumemorable, we believe that he was liani. Of miraculous passages in the frenzied, and really did wound him- lives of some of these, I happen to posself; for we are unwilling to think
sess notices ; to which I beg to direct atthat he was an impostor; though of RomiSH ACCREDITED MIRACLES. St.
tention, as EXHIBITING THE CHARACTER it is remarkable that the alleged Veronica, being I believe the latest inwounds, which used to bleed so co- stance of the Canonization of a subject of piously in his lifetime, left no trace the Stigmata, demands notice. Her life after his death. This his followers is published by Dolman, London, 1839,
together with that of four other Saints, impute to a miracle; but it seems
Canonized Trinity Sunday, 1839. This rather to imply a trick, if it be not work is attributed to Dr. Wiseman, and itself a lying legend.
not without reason, if circumstantial eviIt is afflicting to write of such dence is to bave its weight. After nar
rating the imprinting of the Stigmata, matters; for what Christian can
her biographer goes on to say, (page think without shame and sorrow 262), of the awful scene of Calvary being
“ • The Tribunal of the Holy Office at made a stage for juggling tricks; Rome, having received information thereand though we do not confound of
, ordered the Bishop of the City to make
an enquiry into the truth of the report. phrenzied persons with conscious He repaired to the grate of the Convent, impostors, both have been the in- with several other Ecclesiastics, who sestruments of much mischief to the verally saw the wounds which her blessed Christian faith.
Spouse had made. Those in the hands
and feet, as Florida Ceoli, and other sisWe will now extract sufficient
ters attest, were on the upper side round, from Mr. Aldworth's little book, to and about the size of a farthing, but less enable our readers to judge whether on the under side, deep and red when we have written too strongly. His open, and covered with a thin cicatrix or
crust when closed,' &c. &c. historical facts apply by anticipa- “ This inspection at the grate of the tion to the Youghal case: Convent, and testimony of Florida Ceoli
and other sisters, is a specimen of the “ The appearances are as nearly as searching investigation to which Romish possible similar in the Youghal miracles miracles are subjected. It is true she and in those adduced and vouched for by reported to her Confessor that her beyour Lordship in the Tyrol. The ecsta- loved Saviour, contrary to her request, cies—the marks—the attitudes—the pre- caused those wounds to remain open for tended unconsciousness to surrounding three years : but during that period, alt objects—the consciousness of the voice the additional evidence we possess is, of the church-the abstinence—the pe- that it was “Proved to many that they riods of the manifestations—the regard were indeed the work of Divine Love." to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass—the Her Confessor afterwards, it is asserted, clique of priests, monks, or friars sur- saw them open before his feet : and a rounding the unhappy subjects—the new_Confessor, appointed specially by caution observed as to admission--the the Bishop to test her case, put her to evident attempts at effect in the exhibi- rather a singular trial. “He formed five tion, varying in success according to the Commands entirely in his own mind, frame and character of the visitants--the which being purely mental, could not be number of the subjects—and the simi- discovered by the devil, but only to Allarity of phases in the appearances as dis- mighty God.' These Commands he detinguishing them one from the other, sired her to repeat to him--and after the report of rhapsody, of being caught prayer without success, at length she did up into the air, but witnessed by no one it. These commands regarded the rehere except Father Foley, are sufficient newal of her wounds, and the wounds points of reseablance to connect these were renewed; and truly to those who
disbelieve in the possibility of collusion torment. Upon this the impostor told between a Confessor and a Candidate him, that nothing but the most extraSaint, the transaction is sufficiently mar- ordinary mortifications, such as the disvellous: but once admitting the possibi- cipline of the whip, performed during lity of a ' pious fraud,' all conclusive evi- eight days by the whole monastery, and dence of the truth of the miracle vanishes Jetzer's lying prostrate in the form of at once."
one crucified in the chapel during mass, After narrating some other equally could contribute to his deliverance. He melancholy transactions, Mr. Ald- added, that the performance of these
mortifications would draw down upon worth adds:
Jetzer the peculiar protection of the Enough, and more than enough, of Blessed Virgin ; and concluded by sayRomish accredited miracles and Canon- ing, that he would appear to him again, ized Saints. Detected impostures next accompanied by two other spirits. Mordemand a passing notice.
ning was no sooner come, than Jetzer “ Jetzer, the lay-brother, in the Con- gave an account of this apparition to the vent of the Dominicans in Bern, shall rest of the convent, who all unanimously furnish an appropriate instance. The advised him to undergo the discipline narrative I extract from Mosheim's that was enjoined him ; and every one Ecclesiastical History, Vol. II. p. 5. consented to bear his share of the task
"The stratagem in question was the imposed. The deluded simpleton obeyed, consequence of a rivalship between the and was admired as a saint by the multiFranciscans and the Dominicans, and tudes that crowded about the convent, more especially of their controversy con- while the four friars that managed the cerning the Virgin Mary. The former imposture, magnified, in the nrost pommaintained, that she was born without pous manner, the miracle of this apparithe blemish of original sin : and the tion, in their sermons and in their dislatter asserted the contrary. The doc
The night after, the apparition trine of the Franciscans, in an age of was renewed with the addition of two darkness and superstition, could not but impostors, dressed like devils, and Jetbe popular ; and hence the Dominicans zer's faith was augmented by hearing lost ground from day to day. To sup- from the spectre all the secrets of his life port the credit of their order, they re- and thoughts, which the impostors had solved, at a Chapter held at Vimpsen, in learned from his confessor. In this, and the year 1504, to have recourse to fic- some subsequent scenes, (the detail of titious visions and dreams, in which the whose enormities, for the sake of brevity, people at that time had an easy faith : we shall here omit) the impostor talked and they determined to make Berne the much to Jetzer of the Dominican order, scene of their operations. A person which he said was peculiarly dear to named Jetzer, who was extremely simple, the Blessed Virgin ; he added, that the and much inclined to austerities, and Virgin knew herself to be conceived in who had taken their habit, as a lay- Original Sin ; that the doctors who brother, was chosen as the instrument taught the contrary were in Purgatory ; of the delusions they were contriving. that the Blessed Virgin abhorred the One of the four Dominicans, who had Franciscans for making her equal with undertaken the management of this plot, her Son ; and that the town of Berne conveyed himself secretly into Jetzer's would be destroyed for harbouring such cell, and about midnight appeared to plagues within her walls. In one of him in a horrid figure, surrounded with these apparitions, Jetzer imagined that howling dogs, and seemed to blow fire the voice of the spectre resembled that from his nostrils, by the means of a box of the prior of the eonvent, and he was of combustibles which he held near his not mistaken : but, not suspecting a mouth. In this frightful form he ap- fraud, he gave little attention to this. proached Jetzer's bed, told him that he The prior appeared in various forms, was the ghost of a Dominican, who had sometimes in that of St. Barbara, at been killed at Paris, as a judgment of others in that of St. Bernard ; át length heaven for laying aside his monastie he assumed that of the Virgin Mary, habit ; that he was condemned to Pur- and, for that purpose, clothed himself in gatory for this crime : adding, at the the habits that were employed to adorn same time, that, by his means, he might the statue of the Virgin in the great be rescued from his misery, which was festivals ; the little images, that on these beyond expression.
days are set on the altars, were made “This story, accompanied by horrible use of for angels, which being tied to a cries and howlings, frighted poor Jetzer cord that passed through a pulley over out of the little wits he had, and engaged Jetzer's head, rose up and down, and him to promise to do all that was in his danced about the pretended virgin to power to deliver the Dominican from his increase the delusion. The virgin thus