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that the impression of the writer is, that whom chiefly such defences were in. upon that fundamental doctrine the tended, --in some of these ways, or in Church of Rome is either in no error some such way, they were always able at all, or at least none that is clear and to say so much, as to allow those who important. And on the whole I think, valued them as maintainers of Church that any plain member of our Church, authority and order, and who wished to who takes up the Tract without any believe themi sound in doctrine, to retain suspicion that the author was not a safe their favourable opinion of them. Whatguide in such matters, must lay it down ever could be defended, such persons with uneasy apprehension that the strenuously defended; what admitted of reasons why we remain separate from no defence, they were content to excuse, Rome, are much fewer and weaker than or at most to blame gently as occasional he had before believed. And as to blemishes, not affecting the general chathose whom the Tracts had already racter of the series; being introduced given a strong impulse towards Rome, probably into it by the imprudence of how much more such dissuasives were some such imprudent members as every calculated to aid than to counteract the party contains, and must at times suffer impulse, it is unnecessary to say.”


“ All this while however the party The Bishop proceeds to expose were gaining strength and courage; and the trickery and slipperiness of the Tracts, and still more other publica

evinced the Oxford Tract conspirators. tions, many of them anonymous,

a very decided advance towards Rome." The following statement asserts summarily what we have expressed

The Bishop of Ossory expresses in detail many times under the his astonishment that acute divines, head of “ stealthiness ”- Mr. and also the conductors of religious Knox's own word—and we are periodical publications, were slow glad to avail ourselves of his Lord- in observing the tendencies of the ship's important testimony.

Tractarian writings ; and were too

ready to apologize for them, even “ Comparing what the authors of the when admitting that they were Tracts wrote with what had appeared for some time upon the same side, sometimes indiscreetly expressed. it was not unnatural that it should The warning afforded by such be regarded as very bold; but, look. writings as Froude’s Remains was ing back at it now with the know- well-nigh lost ; nor was it till the ledge which we possess of the principles outburst of No. 90 that the matter of the writers, one is certainly more struck with their caution. And though began to be generally taken up in from time to time what seemed to be high places with anything apstrong and distinct declarations of their proaching to due vigour. Those principles appeared, yet upon examina- who were early in the field ; those tion they were often found less unequit who exposed the true character and vocally expressed, than at first sight they were thought to be ; or accompa- tendencies of Tractarianism eight nied by some unnoticed qualifications; or when they were most tangible, there obloquy for their premature ho

or nine years ago ; gained little but set upon the opposite side. So that nesty. They were false accusers ; when the writers were put upon their they were slanderously “crying defence, either by some ambiguity in wolf,” and were for fortifying the what gave occasion to the charge; or stable-door before the steed was by being able to produce something stolen. There were, however, some like it, more or less, in some one of good reputation in the Church, or with a on the other side who boldly stated large party in it; or by referring to what they hoped would be the something very different in another of issue. the Tracts, or in some other of their writings; or by retorting the charge “One of the evidences of Mr. Froude's upon those who made it, showing that sagacity, which is dwelt upon in his if they had exceeded in one direction, Editor's Preface, is the way in which their accusers, or some with whom they events were bringing about an unlookedwere understood to agree, had com- for conformity with, or at least, tolerniitted some excess in a direction less ance of, his strongest opinions, so that likely to be in favour with those for (they say) already many things, which


sounded paradoxical and over bold writers held to be a bad reason for sewhen he first uttered them, may be ven- parating from her at the first, and tured on with hope of a

which they were so little likely long to able degree of acceptance.' His regard (if they still regarded it) as a slower, or more prudent brethren, were sufficient ground for keeping up the certainly taking full advantage of this separation. But be that as might, so change, which, though they make no far as the Tridentine Decrees and the boast of it, they had done so much to Thirty-nine Articles were concerned, bring about.”

there was no impediment (they said) “ It was impossible for any thinking to reconciliation-it was only to master person to see, without much alarm, the thoroughly, and employ boldly, the advance in their progress towards scheme of interpretation provided in the Rome, which the party had made in a Tract, and the supposed opposition comparatively short period. How far between them would disappear. this was to be set down to a rapid de- “ Such an advance as this, made any velopment of their principles, and how further advance credible; and the profar to a more open disclosure of them, cess by which it was justified, made any it was not easy to determine. For, be- further advance easy. And both not sides other evidences of a politic con- unnaturally excited very general alarm cealment of their opinions and feelings, and indignation. But with whatever we find the writer of Tract 90 com- measure of such feelings the publication plaining of having been forced to a pre- was received, while it was regarded as a mature disclosure of them on one point defence of the author, and those who felt by circumstances in his position in Ox- with him, for continuing ministers of the ford, which were often, he intimates, in- Church of England, they fell far short terfering with the reserve concerning of those which it raised, when it was them which it might be prudent to known what its true object was. It adopt. But whichever it were, develop- was distinctly stated by the author of ment or disclosure, the visible advance the Tract himself, in an apologetic letter which the movement had made towards which he was led to publish, in the Rome in a very short period, was enough beginning of the pamphlet war to which to amaze and terrify those who saw no it gave rise, that it was written at the cause of alarm in the first steps in the earnest instance of some whom he resame path. One example of this, which vered, who urged him to do all that he is so important a fact with reference to could to keep members of our Church from the movement, I shall give, as it may be straggling in the direction of Rome. He given in a very few words. Mr. Froude's does not expressly say who they were Remains, as I have before mentioned, who were in danger of thus falling away, offended all who were outside the party, but little doubt could be entertained that and many who, up to the publication of they were principally the younger memthem, had been regarded as belonging bers of the University, and those who to it; and in nothing more than by the had lately left its walls ; whose attachundisguised admiration with which he ment to their own Church had been regarded much in the Romish system shaken by the unwearied labours of the which Protestants in general had been writer and his colleagues. That such taught to view in a very different light. views were entertained by those who He seems very earnestly to have desired possessed such means of extending them, a reunion with Rome, but to have felt and who used them all so actively and that in the Council of Trent there was perseveringly, was indeed alarming. an insurmountable obstacle to the accom- And no honest mind could learn withplishment of his wishes...... Upon one out surprise and indignation that these saying that the Romanists were schis- men were not merely professed memmatics in England, but Catholics abroad, bers, but ministers of our own Church. he replied, No, they are wretched Tri- But their actual success in propagating dentines everywhere. And yet in the their principles in such a quarter, was few years which had elapsed, what had still more startling tidings to the many appeared to his sanguine and not over- who heard them for the

first time. It scrupulous mind insurmountable could not but fill every sound mind with obstacle, seemed to have been almost, still livelier indignation, and still more if not altogether, cleared away. The anxious apprehensions, to learn, that detestation with which the Council was young men confided to the University to regarded had disappeared, and the impe- be trained in the principles of the diments to reunion with Rome no longer Church, had been taught so different lay (according to Tract 90) in its im- a lesson ; that their warm and susceptmutable canons and decrees, but in ible minds had been so acted upon, that the popular belief and in the teaching of instead of being confirmed in the feelings the schools; which so many of these of reverence and attachment to their own



Church with which they had begun their down the momentous points at course, they now needed the sophistry issue into a dispute about cereof this Tract to keep them within its

monials and ritualism; fast-days pale. But it was still worse to know that they were capable of making use of

of and feast-days; white gowns and it. I repeat deliberately, that distress- black gowns; but goes at once to ing and alarming as it was to find, that a the spiritual essentials of the quesportion of the flower and hope of the

tion. “Is not the life more than country had had their Protestant principles so`shaken by those who should have meat, and the body than raiment ?established them, that they stood in We are glad to see that his Lordactual need themselves of this singular ship’s volume (for such it is) has Preservative from Popery ; it was still already advanced to a second edimore distressing and alarming to learn, tion; and we earnestly pray that that their honesty had been so tainted in the process

, that they were capable of the Divine blessing may accomemploying it, – that one who must have pany

it. been supposed to have known intimately Another able publication from the minds on which he had exercised so baleful an influence, should have been

his Lordship’s pen has just reached able to calculate on their readiness to

us; entitled “Remarks upon the avail themselves of such a mode of Appendix to the late Charge of his escape from the fair force of the most Grace the Archbishop of Dublin ;" solemn and sacred obligations, by such respecting “the expediency of resophistry and evasion, such shifts and contrivances as a man could not apply storing, at this time, to the Church to the very lightest of the engagements

her synodical powers." We alof common life, without forfeiting all re- luded to the Archbishop's remarks putation for integrity and good faith.” in our last Number (page 623), ex

pressing our opinion that a ConvoThe reader may judge by these cation at the present moment would remarks upon what his Lordship engender mischievous strifes, and calls “the shifting, evasive, and unsettle much without settling disingenuous sophistry” of Tract anything; and that it is not re90, of the masterly and striking quired in point of principle, as we manner in which he touches upon have already in our Articles, Homithe various points of his argument. lies, and Liturgy, the well-ordered But we must again recommend the authoritative results of former perusal of the whole Charge, as the church assemblies, which new ones topics are too numerous for us to at this time might mar rather than do justice to them without reprint- mend. For a powerful course of ing a large portion of the Bishop's reasoning to this effect, we refer remarks. We stated at the outset, with much satisfaction to Bishop that the Bishop does not melt O'Brien's pamphlet.


VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. HER Majesty the Queen, in pursuance strengthens loyalty; excites reciprocal of her laudable design of personally interest ; and qualifies Her Majesty to inspecting various parts of her empire, govern, not as an automaton, but with bas visited Cambridge, and received and large intelligence of the wishes, habits

, given high satisfaction upon the oc- capabilities, and necessities of the people casion. It was much to be lamented committed, in the providenee of God, to that the agitated state of Ireland pre- her regal charge. The personal con: vented her visiting that island during duct also of Queen Victoria, and that of her late marine excursion ; for the in- her royal consort ; their kindness, dili. tercourse of a young, amiable, and be- gence, habits of business, and freedom loved Queen with her subjects, is not a from self-indulgence, endear them to the mere matter of pageant, or of idle curio- people, and convert conventional respect sity on either side ; but is calculated into hearty loyalty and personal esteem. to produce great national benefits. It We may add, that Her Majesty's do



mestic charge as a mother is another sical violence, there was no due prelink of union with her people. Loyalty paration for coercing them, and preventand patriotism are not, as some assert, ing the fearful atrocities of former reunenlightened prejudice, but sound bellions. As matters now stand, everyphilosophy; and He who made man, thing is morally and constitutionally in and knew what is in man, has in his their favour. They have acted with holy word exhibited a nation as such forbearance that their enemies family, all the members of which ought taunted, and many of their friends misto be united for mutual aid and the trusted, them. The leaders of the movecommon weal. Would that it were ment have involved themselves in a net, more so in this our much-favoured but and are amenable to prosecution for ungrateful land.

a seditious conspiracy. The array of

force at the monster meetings; the asHer Majesty's Government has at sumption of magisterial functions by the length entered upon a decisive course of establishment of self-constituted courts policy in opposing the Irish Repeal con- of arbitration ; their declarations against spiracy. Whether its cautious toler- the rights of property; and the orance hitherto was well-judged can be ganization of a conventional parliament decided only by the issue. The reasons to overrule the lawful legislature ; have urged in the proclamation for forbidding proved in bright day-light, that either the the Clontarf gathering, applied in sub- conspirators must be arrested in their stance to all the former “monster meet- course, or the national constitution, and ings ;” and had they been prevented, the the dearest rights and privileges of the country would have been spared much people, be trampled under their feet. alarm; nor would the Repeal conspirators Added to all this, Ireland has been garhave been able to boast of millions of risoned, and preparation made for banded confederates ; triumphantly or- promptly crushing rebellion should it ganising their ranks in order to over-awe break out, and for protecting the lives and the legislature and cabinet ; till, having property, of peaceable subjects from warily bided their time, they should be lawless incursion. To have issued prostrong enough, by force or terror, either clamations before this was done, would to secure the accomplishment of their have been worse than folly. objects, or, in pursuing them, to involve Such are the facts of the case; and the country in the horrors of a protracted the results are apparently favourable. civil war.

Thus at least the matter The conspirators are intimidated ; the presented itself to most persons, con- decision of a jury hangsover their leaders; sidering the principles which bind toge- and in place of the Repeal of the Union ther social bodies ; one of which is, that they begin to hold out the lure of a sedition should, if possible, be nipped in “ federal parliament;" the three hundred the bud, and not allowed to become ram- legislators who were to assemble some pant by indiscreet or cowardly toleration. fine morning in the Conciliation Hall But Her Majesty's advisers, who must have postponed their session ; and even be far more conversant with the facts of the atrocious Saxons are no longer to be the case than bystanders, and who, with so denominated, but all are to be loving the Duke of Wellington and Sir R. Peel brothers. This is as hypocritical as it is (not to mention other names) among abject ; for Mr. O'Connell means not so; them, are not likely to lack either pru- but he finds it politic to pretend to condence or decision, considered it best to ciliate when rough words are prejudicial allow the seditious Repealers to proceed to his cause; hoping thereby to obtain till affairs had arrived at a crisis which an instalment, or to gain a vantage-ground all reasonable men, all friends of the whence he may renew his attacks with British constitution, were convinced better success. demanded peremptory interference. Had We cannot, however, indulge in the they prevented the earlier “monster sanguine anticipations of some who remeetings,” it would have been urged gard the crisis as past. We fear it is yet that they had invaded the right of the to come. The conspirators, though people to meet peaceably to procure the stunned for the moment, are not subrepeal of an Act of Parliament, for this dued; legal convictions are not certain, was the avowed object. Faction would for much depends upon the temper of thus have had a grievance to make the juries, the veracity and nerve of witmost of ; exasperation would have en- nesses, and manifold uncertainties of sued; some of their political friends law ; the masses which have been inmight have doubted whether they had flamed into madness only await a preacted discreetly; and they would bave text for a widely-spread outbreak ; and had nothing to have urged in self-de- though the civil and military power may fence but their anticipations of evil; quell tumults, at great sacrifice perhaps and had the Repealers risen with phy- of life and property, the seeds of disor

ganization will lie deeply buried, and den people, tend to make many parts of may burst into luxuriance at a moment; it untenantable ; especially to Protest. and before order is restored, there may ant families of the middle stations of life. be pillage, incendiarism, and massacre It may be difficnlt for statesmen to deal to a fearful extent. Mr. O'Connell says, with these matters; but they ought at and perhaps truly, that it is only his pre- least to consider them in their calvala. carious life that prevents such scenes. tions ; and above all not to make bad Added to all this, selfish men and poli- worse, by intentionally discouraging tical partizans are ever on the watch for Protestantism and strengthening Popery. party strifes to promote their own purposes ; and even in England the con- We are unwilling to say much of the spirators will find allies of this sort to Free-church riots in Scotland. The fall in with their designs. Under these leaders of the secession have exerted circumstances we cannot confidently themselves to prevent a recurrence of hope that the worst is past.

such scenes; but their speeches and Ireland has doubtless some grievances, proclamations, while inculcating peace, which ought to be redressed; but speaking breathe the spirit of war; for the burden politically as well as religiously, the of them is that the Established Church master-grievance is Popery ; for the is an ungodly confederacy opposed to people are under the dominion of their Christ and his Gospel; that it may, and priests ; and the priests are under alle must, and shall be overturned; that it is giane to the Bishop of Rome ; and the duty of every servant of Jesus to do hence the union with Protestant Britain all he can, legally and without violence, is hollow; added to which, the Romanist to effect this object; and that those of population of the lower classes is turbu- its members who have refused to approlent and reckless; and life and property priate land for building secession chaare so little respected among them that pels for inculcating these doctrines, are capitalists are reluctant to embark upon traitors to God and persecutors of his useful enterprises. Far, however, from saints. What can be expected but that thinking that this unhappy state of excited multitudes, thus addressed, should things would be mended either by sever- forget the parenthetical monitions reance from England, or by abolishing specting law and order, and, like their the Protestant Church and setting up Cameronian predecessors, endeavour, Popery in its place, both theory and with pike and claymore, to carry their facts prove the reverse ; and this even if exterminating projects into effect? We we were to put out of sight, what ought lament these things the more because of never to be forgotten, that Popery is a the deep sympathy and unfeigned resystem not to be countenanced, but to be spect with which we regard the devoted opposed, as contrary to the word of God, men who have made overwhelming saand fraught with mischiefs to mankind. crifices for conscience sake. As sufferPopery is the chief cause of that bane ers they are honoured; but as vengeful of Ireland, absenteeism ; for a bigotted aggressors they are to be opposed, not persecuting hierarchy and a priest-rid- encouraged.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. M. K.; T. A.; W. T. B.; Old Path ; I. A.; Incognitus; Christophilus ; Way.

farer; W. S.; An Inquirer; and N. ; are under consideration. A reverend Correspondent wishes to remind our readers that the “Form of Prayer

with Thanksgiving to be used yearly upon the fifth of November," falls this year on a Sunday ; that the Rubric to the proper office directs that in this case that office is to be used, and “only the Collect proper for that Sunday shall be added;" and that the minister, “ after morning prayer, or preaching, upon the said fifth of November, shall read publicly, distinctly, and plainly, the Act of Parliament made in the third year of King James the First, for the consecration of it.” The Thanksgivings for the deliverance from the Gunpowder Plot, are interwoven with those for the “happy arrival of his Majesty King William on this day, for the deliverance of our Church and Nation." This portion of the office was added in the second year of King William; and our modern Tractarians follow the Non-jurors in rejecting it ; but as it is blended with the Gunpowder-plot service, which was in the authorised Prayer-book, and is recognised in the Act of Uniformity, they must omit the whole service (which they allow they have no right to do) if they omit anything ; for it is not practicable to disentangle the parts without mutilating the whole; nor, if it were, have they any warrant for such a proceeding.

We are not, however, sure that the additions were introduced with perfect regularity.

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