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Exeter friends were not amongst the cho am clear in whom I have believed, that all sen, and accordingly they thought she was my writings came from the spirit of the gone mad; and she herself made so much most high God.—JOANNA Southcott. noise about her mission, that she was fol “ Signed in the presence of fifty-eight perlowed by all the boys and idle people, sons, including the methodist preachers, which the elect dignified with the name of who assented to the truth of the statepersecution.
Nay, she even went so far as to write to Now to what did those people give their the Dean and Chapter; who very justly testimony ?-Not to the truth of her docconcluded that an ignorant woman, unable trines; but merely to her own assertion, to write plain English, could not be in that she was clearly convinced; but it did spired by any spirit, unless it was that one not follow that they were convinced also ! which is too vulgar to be mentioned by And why was she convinced? because it name in the biography of an agent from was impossible !-But how did she know heaven.
that? or what have we, or what had the She now stated herself to be strangely witnesses, to convince us that mysteries visited night and day, concerning what had been brought round by divine agency? was coming upon the whole earth; and In short, the whole piece is nothing but the she was, according to her own account, or- production of a silly mad woman, attested dered to set it down in writing, which she ), by people as silly, and some of them, perobeyed, though not without strong external | haps more roguish than herself. opposition; but what the external opposi She talks indeed of the truth of her prophe tion was, she does not explain.
cies; but in that very year she prophecied Strange indeed must her visitors have that she would live only seventeen years been, if the Lord promised to enter into an longer, so that if there had been any truth everlasting covenant with her, and then in her prophecy she has lived just five years sent her a vision sometimes in the shape of too long; and as little attention need we a cat, and then of a cup, which she kicked pay to her prophecies in the same year, of to pieces, which afforded her great uneasi corn getting dear, and of England being in ness, as the methodist preachers plainly distress: as well might every man who hatold her that the devil was in her, and that zards an opinion in politics pretend to the Satan was amusing himself with her igno- gift of soothsaying. rance and superstition.
Joanna, however, was determined to Yet it appears that some of the methodist write down these prophecies, but her sister clergy thought her a chosen vessel, as they would not permit her; soon after, she says, actually held a meeting at her request, in that she took advantage of her absence and order to ascertain the heavenly or infernal wrote of what has since followed in this nature of her mission. We know not what nation and all others; “ but the end is not arguments she made use of with this yet:"--no, indeed, the end is not yet, most learned assembly, but as great stress has certainly, for the world is not at an end, been laid upon it by her followers, we shall nor does there seem any end to her prolook at the thing plainly and fairly. phecies, which, however, she takes care
The meeting was closed by drawing up never to give to the world until the foretold the following document :
events have been previously fulfilled. “ I, Joanua Southcott, am clearly con In this year, 1792, she appears to vinced that my calling is of God, and my have been very troublesome to the clerwritings are indited by his spirit” (we sy, particularly to the Reverend Mr. wish not to be profane, but we really think Lắm, who, indeed, was little more of a that the Deity would have chosen a better prophet than Joanna herself, for he told amanuensis). “ It is impossible for any her that the war would be over in half a spirit but an allwise God, that is wondrous | year; he also assured her that it all came in working, wondrous in wisdom, won from the devil; adding, that he believed her drous in power, and wondrous in truth, to be a good woman, particularly as her could have brought round such mysteries, friends spoke of her in the highest terms; so full of truth, as is in my writings; so I "but as for the Lord revealing any thing to
her, it was absurd; for Mr. L-assured In 1795, she again wrote to Mr. Lher that there were a thousand people in telling him that danger was still before us; Exeter. whom he could point out, more
and that the truth of her prophecies in likely to be made the depositories of such 1792 was to be proved by twelve men. To secrets than she was.
this Mr. L-wrote back, that he thought This reverend gentleman's conversation, the wisest way would be to collect those she ays, had some effect upon her; but twelve wise men of the west together on then, next day, she was answered, “Who the Monday following; but in the interim made him a judge?” with a tissue of similar | Joanna had many communications from
heaven, and she says she was told that this She boasts that in 1793, three remarka was agreed to in order to convince her of ble things happened, which she prophecied her folly, so she was bid to go to him; and, in the preceding year, which events according to her account, the Lord said strengthened her judgment, as she says, something to her in rhyme, or rather in respecting the divine origin of her mission, measure, which, for the badness of the applying to herself, with that facility which poetry, and some other reasons, might alall enthusiasts possess, the words which most be supposed the production of some are to be found in scripture respecting a of our own modern poets, particularly as very different kind of personaged" What there was something almost prophetic in ever I put into thy mouth, I will do upon the first three lines :the earth.”
But, Oh tbrice happy is the man, Not satisfied with the opinion of the “ That doth begin, and will go on, Reverend Mr. L-, respecting her no “ Till every curtain be drawn back," &c. tions, Joanna went to St. Peter's cathedral, in Exeter, where she heard another clergy. | deed lead us to suppose that it was some
This rhyme of man and go on, would inman preach from a well known text, of
west country deity who had inspired this “ walking in the light, lest darkness should come.” This seemed a new light for the
she apostle; who in a few days afterwards apostoless, for such we suppose we must
was favoured with another piece of bad
poetry, in which man and done were obcall her; and no sooner was the sermon over than her heavenly spirit gave her a
liged to serve each other the same office as
in the former couplet. nudge, and said, “If L-give it up, go
The Lord told her also to visit Mr. to the preacher, for he will not, as the laws
Lof the Lord are written in his heart."
--; which she did; and after detailing Yet this manifestation of the spirit was
her reasons of belief, which Mr. Lno more fulfilled than another old woman's and his wife, and all the company, listened prophecy in 1794, of corn getting dear, a
to with silent attention, the houest clergyprophecy which any person indeed could man, no doubt seeing the futility of reasonhave made, when they saw the little proba- | ing with her, plainly told her that if her bility of a good harvest : all this, however, I words were from God, more of their truth was of little consequence to Joanna, whose would be soon known; but, if of herself, followers were now increasing rapidly, all || her head was wiser than his. her friends supplying her with money and
Next week Mr. L after the receipt of valuable presents, so that her living was some more divine poetry, too absurd and now as good as if she had been ordained a too ridiculous for insertion here, informed regular member of the church.
the prophetess that he had given up all We know not precisely her various further examination of her gift and mission; modes of collecting her tythes; but we so that having nothing further to hope understand that the Pope sells his indul- from the Establishment, she thought progences at a much cheaper rate than she per to try her hand with the Dissenters; did her beatitudes, even at that early period and was ordered by the Lord to get toof her ministry, as they were sold, if not by || gether six of them to try their judgher, at least by her agents, from twelvement. shillings to one guinea, according to the She confesses that four of them refused to state of the faith and the state of the pock- || attend, as they either thought that the ets of each customer.
devil was in her, or that she was both kuave
and fool: therefore she sent for four others; || great fools as the simple women whom she but the Lord told her that their judgment feeds with heavenly lamb and manna. would not be right, for their wisdom was lo 1796, she was ordered again to renew too weak; and that too she was told in six the attack upon the church ministers, and lines of poetry.
in her account she exbibits a very pretty She met the six, however, for the pur- | mode of becoming a prophetess, for when. pose of reading to them a few chapters of ever she is about to do any thing, she the Bible, and of explaining them, together writes it down, and then fulfils it herself! with a few prophecies, and some remark But the prophecy in 1799, was one able instances of her life ; so that sbe which she herself could not fulfil, unless was to have all the talk to herself, whilst ilke Phaëton, she could have set the world the clergymen were to keep silent for an ou fire; for in a letter to a diguified clerhour. This they did, but we see no great gyman (in which she modestly averred, mystery in that; if indeed Joanna herself that she had met with an “instance such had been silent for an hour, we might have as had never happened to any human acknowledged that the age of miracles is being since earth's foundation was placed benot gone by.—“ Great was the mystery fore;" nay, that the deepest inspired penexplained,” she says—but to whom?-to man, the most learned divine, nor the deepthe clergymen, one might have expected; est philosopher that ever wrote, ever had but no!“to me, as the watch was laid such thoughts of divinity or philosophy as on the seals, by which were inclosed the had been revealed to her by the spirit of names of the twelve men. When the revelation); she asks him, if he will be hour was past, I demanded their judgment; | astonished when she tells him that the end and quitted the room while they consulted. of all things is at hand! But more than In some time they came to me and said that, she is to destroy Satan! and doubtless they had agreed, and must see the pro- || if his infernal Highness, like the Freuch phecies. I said they should, if they judged poet, could be killed by bad verses, there them to be of God. They came again, say was a dose in the letter to the Bishop that ing they must know who the ministers must have done his business :
A third time they came, and said “ It is men must raise thy hand, they must break the seals with the mini “ Aud tell thee to grow wise, sters' names. I told them that should only “ Like Herod's damsel to go on, be done in presence of the twelve them “ Then all shall gain the prize. selves. But curiosity made them break the “ When men begin as she did then, seals; and (thus breaking all their wisdom) “ And like Herodias hurd, they said it was from the devil, or myself,
“ To wound the foe, as she did do,
“I will like Herod come.” or they could not perceive it to be of God; and therefore they persuaded me to give it After this came a long story as hov, “ The up, forgetting what I had read to them, man strengthened the woman's hand by and that they had fulfilled my writings. the fall, and he must strengthen her hand The meaning and mystery of this meeting to bring it back;"-how, “ the Lord made I shall explain another time. Next day I || the woman to complete the happiness of was persuaded to yield to their wisdom; | man, and by her it must be done;"_likebut I was answered, that it should be fatal | wise, since the sun rises and sets, and dust for me; for the Lord would not resign to
returns to dust, &c. so “ all centre in the their wisdom: therefore I should not give same place, and so man must centre at it up to them. Thus I ended with the last.” After which she tells the Bishop dissenting line." And surely, by her own that it is all over with the bench, for the account, there never was a poorer attempt || Saints must judge the earth, and then her at a religious juggle, a mere business of writings will be proved “ such writings watches and seals, of cups and balls, such as never were before since earth's foundaas Gyngell or any other conjuror would ||tion stood !"—truly, Joanna, thou sayest get up ten times better at Bartholomew | well. fair! The silly woman thought the clergy, (To be concluded in our next.) both established and dissenting, were as
A TOUR THROUGH FRANCE.
IN A SERIES OF LETTERS FROM A LADY TO HER COUSIN IN LONDON, IN 1814.
deserted fogs of England's nervous cli
My dear and kind monitor, our good How forcible are the ties which bind | aunt, Lady Diana, whose maternal duties us to home! how sweet the recollection of have been cruelly put an end to by the loss convivial hours, passed in the society, of of her only son in the field of honour, has early friends, and amongst those dear rela- || trapsferred her affections to her orphan tives which the traveller often leaves be- nephews and nieces, and has kindly conhind! Methinks I hear you exclaim, “ Is | sented to accompany me in this tour. then the lively Emily turned moralist, or When, therefore, my letter borders on the does she mean to present us with an ac
sentimental and serious, imagine to yourself count of her travels, under the form of a that aunt Di has guided my pen. Fashions, new Sentimental Journey, in the manner of
a few slight observations, accompanied Sterne?" No bad pattern, my dear badi now and then with a moral reflection--do nante cousin, were I inclined to ape such not start will be the production of Emily an original: and as sentiments and reflec- alone. And when a particular air of madtions occur oftener to the mind of the tra- || capism, pray excuse the new-coined word, veller than to that of any other being under runs through my letters, imagine my ratthe sun, prepare yourself for mine; and do tling four-in-hand brother gives the reins to not think that when you requested me to
his volatile fancy. give you an account of my voyage to, and He drove down here on the box of the sojourning in France, with all my different Royal Blue coach, in eight hours: apropos, adventures on the other side of the water, I must say that the coach thus dignified by that I meant only to send you an hackneyed its high sounding title, is a very easy conjournal of what I might chance to see, in
veyance for those whose fortune is mediocre, the same style as if I was hired to write an and who are not born, dear cousin, like us, index to a book of modern travels, or pen to inherit the easy passport of a barouche a few sheets relative to all the grand build- and four bright bays. This same Royal Blue ings and museums, to serve as a guide to goes from the New White Horse Cellar, those beings who, in search of novelty, may || Piccadilly; where, I am sure, I need not chuse to succeed me in their peregrinations || tell you that brother Henry's face is as well through France. Not but what all I shall known as any mail coachman's on the Bath write hereafter may certainly serve as a road. He arrived here last night, and sure guide, for truth alone shall guide my found my aunt and myself highly delighted pen.
with the short stay we have made in And thus, having sufficiently played upon Brighton, where our munificent Regent, the word, let me quit the penseroso ideas by his presence, has imparted life and gewhich first overwhelmed me when I sat neral gaiety. And to shew you our attachdown to bid you the last adieu on British ment to whatever bears his name, we have ground, as in one hour I shall step aboard | taken our passage on board the Prince of the packet which is to convey us to Dieppe, || Wales packet; though we certainly have a and this letter makes the eleventh and last veneration for the name of Wellington, and I have written to-day. The Captain assures at first we thought of going in that vessel us that in less than forty hours / shall be which is named after him; the master of completely in France; and I hope to leave which, in order to tempt us, said they made every sombre reflection amongst the then up six-and-twenty beds on board. No
No. 62.--Vol. X.
donbt the great Wellington, in some of his || at Dieppe sufficient to detain us there, quarters, was obliged to experience the Tell my dear uncle, however, that there is inconvenience of many beds in narrow an old castle, the inspection of which, toe space; but as we, in these sweet “piping gether with the piers, would delight him; times of peace," may be allowed to study and be sure also not to forget to inform our convenience, we preferred the Prince of him that, in 1694, Commodore Benbow Wales packet; and in one hour I hope to bombarded the town of Dieppe, and burnt embark for the land of politeness, gaiety, || down the greater part of it. and fashion, and date my next letter from We were much pleased with the city of the Gallic shore.
Rouen; the mountains, which are viewed Adieu, dear cousin, sweet soother of pa- | from its three sides, are sublimely beautiful, ternal anguish. O that gout! which de- || and the antiquities and fine buildings scatprives us of the company of the dear intel-tered through the city are well worth the ligent Generał at this period. Tell him it inspection of the classical and scientific conwas never more keenly felt in his feet than noisseur. I think William the Conqueror it is at this moment in my heart and mind; was a most excellent builder; we have assure him, however, that I promise to send some fine specimens in London of his him an account of all the fortresses and architectural powers, but the cathedral of bastions which come in my way. Once Rouen is superior to them all; the spire is more adieu! kiss his venerable cheek for 395 feet. me, and . wish together a safe voyage to Henry came to Paris before we did, and your own
I was not sorry that his eagerness made EMILY. him take a shorter route; he went direct
from Dieppe, and his journey was, by se
doing, only 110 miles, which is thirteen less LETTER II.
than by Rouen: nor did I regret his absence,
when we were shewn here the place where MY DEAR HARRIET,
the celebrated Joan of Arc was burned; From the emporium of arts, fashion, || for you well know his ideas of female hepleasure, and gaiety, at least, so pictured | roism, and I am sure he would have uttered by English imagination, I date this letter; some bitter phillipic against the Amazonian the reality of our high built ideas remains maid, who is held in high veneration by to be proved.
the French, but in a particular degree of On our arrival at Dieppe, I found myself enthusiasm by the inhabitants of Rouen. so overpowered by the indisposition I had
What most excited our admiration was experienced on my first sea voyage, that I | the famous bridge of boats. How many çould not perform my promise of writing
inventions do we not owe to monastic seto you on our immediate arrival in France, clusion! and though our good aunt can and our good aunt only told you that we
never forgive the religious inventor of gun. were merely alive and well. However, powder, from which she, as well as many one thing I am resolved on, which is, not others, has so severely suffered, yet she to return the same way I came: but I must could not refuse her tribute of applause to hasten to perform my promise of informing this wonderfully ingenious construction, you of all that I find worthy of record; | invented by an Augustin friar, in the year and here the perpetual round of spectacles, | 1626. A fabric of paved timber rests on novelties of every kind, and characters of barges of a prodigious size, which fall and various descriptions, so press and throng rise with the tide. on the senses, that I shall find sufficient My aunt's woman, who is passionately food for my own remarks, as well as for || fond of the water, came by the Port St. your gratification.
Ouen, with Henry's valet, in the Coche We had a delightful journey hither; for || d'Eau, a vessel similar to our Chester canal being, as I told you, much fatigued, we re- || boats; and from St. Ouen they took the solved to stay two days at Rouen before we stage to Paris, a short stage of about five proceeded farther; but we found no charms leagues.