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chased three small volumes, from which he || Ludwig seemed changed. It happened, aequired a complete knowledge of trigo- before his departure, that an eclipse of the nometry. After this he could not rest till sun took place; and Mr. Hoffman proposed he studied astronomy; and having fre- to his guest that he should observe this quently met with the word philosophy, this phenomenon as an astronomer, and fursoon became the object of his attention. | nished him with proper instruments. The He next proceeded to the study of the ma impatience of Ludwig till the time of the thematics and metaphysics.
eclipse is not to be expressed : he had hiMr. Hoffman, the chief commissary of therto only been acquainted with the plaDresden, when he was auditing the accounts netary world by books and the naked eye; of some of the peasants in 1753, was in- || he had never yet looked through a teleformed that there was one John Ludwig, a scope, and the anticipation of the pleasure very strange man, and very poor, who, '|| which the new observation would yield though he had a family, was continually him scarce suffered him either to eat or reading and gazing at the stars. This sleep. Unfortunately, before the eclipse raised the curiosity of Mr. Hoffman, and came on, the sky grew cloudy, and contihe ordered Ludwig to be brought before nued so during the whole time of its conhim. He was surprised to see in one of tinuance. This misfortune was more than whom he had formed very superior ideas, his philosophy could bear: as the cloud the veriest boor in nature: his hair hung càme on, he looked up at it in the agony of over his forehead down to his eyes, his as a man that expected his dissolution would pect was sordid, his countenance stupid, follow; when it came over the sun his conand his whole demeanour that of a plod-sternation is not to be described; and when ding ignorant clown. However, Mr. Hoff- he knew the eclipse was past, his disapman, notwithstanding this unpromising pointment and grief were little short of appearance, thought his intellectual abili- || distraction. ties would certainly appear when he spoke; Mr. Hoffman soon after paid a visit to but in this he was also disappointed. He Ludwig. He found an old crazy cottage, asked him if what his neighbours said was the inside of which had been long blacked true, that he was always studying? “ If I | with smoke; the walls were covered with have studied,” said Ludwig, “ I have stu- \ propositions and diagrams, written with died for myself, and I don't desire that you chalk. In one corner was a bed, in another or any one should know any thing of the a cradle; and under a little window at the matter." This, to the great disappointment side, three pieces of board, laid side by side of Hoffman, was uttered in the most coarse under two tressels, made a writing-table and clownish manner; however, he asked || for the philosopher, upon which were sca him several questions in astronomy, to tered some pieces of writing paper, conwhich he expected very unsatisfactory re taining extracts from books and geometriplies: but in this, too, he had formed an cal figures; his books and a pair of sixerroneous opinion; for Hoffman was struck inch globes constituted' the library and not only with admiration, but confusion, to museum of the truly celebrated John Ludhear such definitions and explications as wig. would have done honour to a regular aca In this hovel he lived till the year 1754 ; demician in a public examination. After | and while he was pursuing the study of this Mr. Hoffman prevailed on Ludwig to | philosophy at his leisure hours, he was instay some time at his house, that he night || defatigable in his day labour as a poor farther gratify his curiosity; and he pro- | peasant, carrying a basket at his back, or posed to him the most abstracted and diffi- || driving a wheel-barrow, crying vegetables cult questions, which were always answered about the village. In this state his “ with quickness and precision.
tient merit” was subject to a thousand inDuring his residence with Mr. Hoffman, sults from the unworthy; and those who that gentleman dressed him in his own found fault with the price of his commogown, and every other clean and proper dities would call him silly clown and stupid article of dress; and this alteration had dog. When Mr. Hoffman dismissed him such an' effect, that even the accents of " he gave him a thousand crowns, which
rendered him the happiest man in the in a state of grief and anguish, from which world; for with this sum he built himself ; she was roused by the tears and sobs of her a more commodious dwelling in the midst boys. This light Henderson would never of his vineyard, and furnished it with those 'be persuaded to believe was an ignis fatuus, moveables and utensils of which he stood nor any imaginary luminary, but purposely greatly in want. He procured a conside- sent by the peculiar interposition of Provirable addition to his library, which was dence to preserve the widow and her faessential to his happiness : and he often therless children. The piety of Henderson, declared to his benefactor, Mr. Hoffman, and his firm reliance on the care of that that he would not accept the whole pro- Providence, were well known to his friends; vince to be deprived of study; declaring he and though fervent gratitude to Omnipohad rather live on bread and water than tence for this singular preservation was withhold from his mind the food his intel- il most conspicuous when he recollected the lectual hunger required.
circumstance, yet he often declared, the horrors of that moment when he found
himself and his brother lost at midnight, ANECDOTE OF MR. HENDERSON, THE
and ignorant also of their mother's fate,
would never be effaced from his memory. HENDERSON was subject at times to extreme depression of spirits, which he en
ANECDOTE OF L'ABBE ROUSSEAU. deavoured, but in vain, to dissipate : he accounted for this to an intimate friend,
The Abbé Rousseau was an indigent from being the effects of a circumstance young man, who was reduced to the neceswhich occurred when he was a boy of eight sity of going about from ove end of Paris
to another, to give lessons of history and His brother, at that time about ten, and geography. He fell in love with one of his himself, two years younger, were both de-' pupils, Mademoiselle Gromaire, the daughpendant on their mother, who was afflicted ter of the Envoy to the court of Rome, as with a nervous disorder, which had termi- . Abelard did with Eloisa, or as St. Preux nated into a settled melancholy. One with Julie. Less fortunate than those sucmorning, when at the height of this ma cessful lovers, but probably on the eve of lady, she quitted her house and children,' being so—possessed of as much tenderness, who were expecting, for a long time, her but of a more noble mind, more delicate return, with the most anxious impatience and more heroic-he seemed to have sacriNight approached, and their mother re ficed himself to the object of his love. turned not: in an agony of terror, the two Before he shot bimself through the head, boys went in search of her; and, ignorant he wrote the following billet to his misof what course they ought to take, they tress, as he took his last dinner at a restauwandered till midnight about those places | rateur's iu the Palais Royale, without shewin which they knew she was accustomed ing the least mark of trouble or insanity: to walk, but without success. They then “ The inconceivable contrast between agreed to return home, but they could not the nobleness of my sentiments and the find the way; and fatigued, alarmed, and" meanness of my birth, a love as fervent as distressed, they sat down on a bank and it is unconquerable for an adored object, gave way to their tears, which flowed the dread of being the cause of her dishoabundantly. At length they observed, at nour, the necessity of choosing either guilt some distance, a luminous appearance:
or death, has determined me to put an end supposing it to be a light from some weigh- to my life. I was formed for virtue, I was bouring habitation, they hastily made to about to be a guilty wretch I prefer to wards it; as they moved the light moved die.” also, and glided from field to field for a considerable time, till it became fixed, and on their near approach to it, it vanished by MR. GARRICK had been informed that the side of a large piece of water, on the no more letters of Junius were to appear margin of which they beheld their mother, ll in the Public Advertiser, and he mentioned
GARRICK AND JUNIUS.
what he had heard to one of the noblemen |, tained some very violent abuse; and conabout the court. Junius, who had his eyes cluded by hinting to him that he ought to every where, was told that Mr. Garrick be well contented in playing his part on had given this intelligence. He therefore the stage, but to keep from interfering in caused a letter to be sent to him at the politics. This letter produced the effect it theatre, just as this renowned player was was intended for: this most incomparable about to enter on the stage, in one of his actor for once played ill. most celebrated characters. The letter con
(Continued from Vol. IX. Page 256.)
ITALIAN COMPOSERS AND WRITERS FROM
1750 TO 1812.
Hamilton. Here he continued five years, and then returned to this country; but his
reception was not what it had formerly FELICE GIARDINI,
been. His health was greatly impaired, “ An eminent performer on the violin, || and, sinking fast under a confirmed dropsy, was born at Piedmont. His musical edu
all his former excellence was lost.
He atcation was received at Milan. He next || tempted, but without success, a burletta went to Rome, and afterwards to Naples. | opera at the little theatre in the HaymarAt the latter city he obtained a place | ket; and at length, in 1793, was induced among the ripéenos in the Opera orchestra. || to go to Petersburgh, and afterwards to Here his talents began to appear conspicu- | Moscow, with the burletta performers. ous, and he was accustomed to flourish and
But he experienced only the most cruel change passages much
more frequently disappointment in each of these cities. than he ought to have done. However,
“ The general capricious character, and says Giardini, 'I acquired great reputa- i splenetic disposition of Giardini were his tion among the ignorant for my imperti-bane through life. He spoke well of few, nence; yet one night, during the opera, and quarrelled with many of his most vaJomelli, who had composed it, came into lluable friends. Careless of his own interest, the orchestra, and seating himself close by and inattentive to all those means which me, I determined to give the Maestro di I would have promoted his success in the Capella a touch of my taste and execution; il world, he at length sunk under misfortunes and in the symphony of the next song, of his own creating, and died at Moscow, which was in a pathetic style, I gave a weighed down by penury and distress." loose to my fingers and fancy; for which I was rewarded by the composer with a
NICOLA PICCINI, violent slap on the face, which was the best “ Was born in 1728, at Bari, in the kinga lesson I ever received from a great master || dom of Naples, and may be ranked among in my life.'
the most fertile and original composers “ After a short continuance at Naples, || that the Neapolitan school ever produced. Giardini came to England, and arrived in His father designed him for the church, but London in the year 1750. Here his per an invincible passion for music frustrated formance ou the violin, was heard both in this intention. public and private with the most rapturous “ In 1742 he was placed in the Conser. applause, and equally astonished and de- vatory of San Onofrio, under the direction lighted his auditors. In 1754 he was placed of Leo. In 1758 he was invited
Rome, at the head of the Opera orchestra. and two years after, his comic opera of La
“He resided in England until the year || Buona Figluola, had a success that no 1784, when he went to Naples, under the previous drama could boast of. His serious protection and patronage of Sir William "opera, the Olympiad, was equally success
F. H. BARTHELEMON.
ful, and for fifteen years Piccini was con was appointed to an inspector's place in the sidered the first musical composer in Rome. | National Confederacy of Music. This siAnfossi was at last unfairly preferred to | tuation he continued to hold till the time of him; and, in consequence, he left Rome in his death, on the 7th of May, 1801, at the disgust, and returned to Naples.
age of seventy-two years." “ From the latter city he was invited to France, and, in December 1776, arrived at Paris. He knew not a word of the French
“Though an Italian by birth, he is said lauguage, but Marmontel undertook to be
to have completed his first serious opera in his instructor.
this country, for the King's Theatre, in “ Before Piccini had completed his first || 1766. Mr. Garrick was induced to pay work in France, he found himself opposed him a visit, for the purpose of asking him by a most formidable rival in Gluck, who, if he thought he could set English words about this time, effected a great revolution to music. He answered that he thought in French music. He had introduced into he could. Mr. Garrick asked for pen, ink, it the forms of recitative and songs from || and paper, and wrote the words of a song the Italian school, whilst, from the German to be introduced in the play of the Country school, he had brought grandeur and Girl. Whilst Garrick was writing the strength of harmony. A musical war was words, Barthelemon, looking over his shoulexcited, which, for a while, divided and ex
der, set the song.
Garrick, giving him the asperated all Paris. While this war was words, said, “There, my friend, there is at its height, Berten, the director of the || my song! Barthelemon replied, • There, opera, made an attempt to put an end to Sir, there is my music for it. Astonished. it by reconciling the two chiefs. He gave | and delig hted at this unexpected exertion a splendid supper, at which Piccini and
of talent, he invited him to dine that day Gluck, after embracing each other, sat with him, in company with Dr. Johnson. down together, and conversed with the The song proved so successful, that it was. greatest cordiality during the whole even encored every time it was sung; and Garing. They parted good friends, but the || rick, in the fulness of his heart, promised war went on with as much fury betwixt to make Barthelemon's fortune. As a betheir respective partizans as before.
ginning of encouragement, he employed “ The opera of Roland was the first him to set to music the operatic farce of which was produced by Piccini in Paris ; | A Peep behind the Curtain." The little it was followed by Atys and by Iphigenia burletta of Orpheus, in the second act, was in Tauris.
so much admired, that this farce was pero “ A singing school was about this time || formed an hundred and eight nights in one established at Parts, of which Piccini was
year. Garrick thus cleared by it several appointed the principal master.
thousand pounds, and rewarded Mr. Bar“At the breaking out of the French re
thelemon with the sum of forty guineas, involution, having lost his pensions, he re stead of fifty, which he had originally proturned to Naples. The Neapolitan minis. || mised him! alledging, as an excuse, that ter forbade him from appearing in public, || the dancing cows had cost him so much in consequence of which he remained al
money, that he really could not afford to most constantly shut up in his chamber, in
pay him any more. solitude and indigence. During this time “ Mr. Barthelemon 'has composed the he amused himself by setting to music se music to several other petites pieces for veral of the Italian psalms of Saverio | the theatres, particularly to General BurMattei
goyne's dramatic entertainment, The Maid “ In the year 1799, he returned to Paris, l of the Oaks, which was first acted at Drurywhere he solicited from Bonaparte the lane about the year 1774. renewal of his pensions. He was gra “ Mrs. Barthelemon and her daughter ciously received, and munificently recom were both musical, and had also a taste pensed for composing a march for the Con- for composition; the former published a set sular Guard, at the express command of of hymns and anthems for the Asylum and the First Consul. Not long afterwards he || Magdalen chapels."
sets of sonatas, concertos, lessons, &c. for the “ Was a native of Italy; he came into piano-forte. His style, though not very England early in life, and resided so many pleasing to an unlearned ear, is peculiar to years in London that he was almost as well || himself. It occasionally inclines to affecacquainted with the English language and tation, but never borders on vulgarity.” style of music as any individual of his time.
Among the German musical composers “ In the year 1799, he entered into a spe- || from 1750, to 1812, the author mentions, culation with Leoni the singer, by taking in the following manner, the celebrated the theatre in Capel-street, Dublin, for the
CHEVALIER CHRISTOPHER GLUCK, performance of operas, in which the whole of the musical department was to be under “A native of the Upper Palatinate, on his management. This connection conti- || the frontiers of Bohemia, and born in the nued about four years, Giordani composing || year 1712. His father dying while he was the music, and Leoni superintending the young, he was left almost without provisinging. They had considerable encou
sion, and his education was in consequence ragement ; but owing, as it is supposed, to wholly neglected. So great was, however, several improvident engagements which his inherent love of music, that with the they made, they at length became bankrupt, knowledge he had at that time acquired, and the concern was, of course, transferred | he travelled from town to town, supporting to other hands.
himself by his talents, until he had worked “ Mr. Giordani, from this time, continued || his way to Vienna. In this city he was beto reside at Dublin as a teacher of music, friended by a nobleman, who took him into where he had several pupils of distinction. || Italy, and had him properly instructed. He married there the daughter of a Mr. | At Milan he studied under J. B. San MarWilkinson.
tini, and in 1742, composed, at Venice, the " He has not only written, but has pub- || opera of Demetrius. lished much music. His sonatas, and other
“The celebrity he had acquired was such pieces for the piano-forte, as well as his that he was recommended to Lord Middlesingle songs, both Italian and English, have sex, as a composer to the opera in this in general yielded a plentiful harvest to the country; and he arrived in England just music sellers.
before the breaking out of the rebellion in “ Giordani was the composer of an ora
1745. After this period the performance torio, entitled Isaac.”
of operas was entirely suspended for about
twelve months. C. MUZIO CLEMENTI,
“ This induced him to return to Italy, “ Is a native of Italy, and well known to and in the year 1769, Gluck produced at the musical world as a performer on, and Vienna luis opera of Alceste. composer for the piano-forte. On this in
“ About this period he was engaged to strument he has had few rivals, and scarce write for the theatre at Paris, and he set ly any equal. His fleetness of finger is to music an opera taken from Racine's such, that he is able to execute running Iphigenia. He does not, however, appear passages of octaves and sixths with as much to have gone himself to Paris until the facility as the generality of musicians can year 1774, when at the age of sixty-two, he play single notes.
arrived in that city under the auspices of “ Clementi came into England when the late unhappy Maria Antoinette; and very young, and, after some years, was ap- || his opera of Iphigenie en Aulide was perpointed conductor of the operas at the formed. In this he accommodated himself King's Theatre. He was also engaged, for entirely to the natural taste and style of two seasons, in 1783 and 1784, to perform France. This opera excited a great degree. at the concerts in Hanover-square.
of enthusiasm in favour of Gluck. He af. « The music of Clementi is almost wholly terwards, however, found formidable rivals for that instrument on which he himself so in Sacchini and Piccini, both of whom armuch excels. It consists of more than forty rived in France about this period.