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feet, begging the Queen to add to her cle were there seated on a bench, and were
native language, he stopped to consider
the Princess. “ How, Madam!" said he, CHARLOTTE CHRISTIANA SOPHIA, PRIN
can it be possible?” She did not give CESS OF WOLFENBUTEL.
him time to say any more, but rising up, She was the wife of the Czarowitz, and taking him on one side, related to him Alexis, the son of the Czar Peter I. born
her history, enjoining him to secresy; in 1694. Beautiful, lovely, and virtuous, which he profoundly kept, till one day, as this Princess was hated by her husband, he called to pay her a visit, he found she who was a man of most ferocious manners: three times he attempted to poison her, but of Bourbon.
had departed with her husband for the Isle she was saved by antidotes.
The Marshal immediately informed the
BE The Countess of Koningsmark, the mo- || King of all he knew about the Princess ; ther of Marshal Saxe, seeing the life of the and his Majesty ordered the Governor of Princess in danger, in order to save her, || Bourbon to treat D'Aubant with the greatwrote to her husband, who was then dwell- ll est consideration. Louis XV. then informing at one of his castles, that the Princess | ed the Empress of Russia of this event, and her children were dead; and the who, thanking him, addressed a letter to Prince desired they might be buried with Madame d'Aubant to come and reside with out delay. The Princess then, under theher, provided she would separate herself habit of one of the lower order of the from her husband and her daughter. The people, accompanied by an old German conditions attached to this offer caused it servant, who passed for her father, set off
to be refused: for Paris, in order to embark at one of the At the death of her husband and daugh. · ports for Louisiana.
ter, she went to reside at Paris, where she Some time after the Gazette announced
died at about the age of seventy-eight the death of the Czarowitz, in 1719; but
years. his widow preferred the quiet of an obscure station to all that ambition could offer.
ANNE CLARGES, DUCHESS OF ALBEMARLE. She only required of D’Aubant, a French gentleman, on whose heart her beauty and This Lady, who was raised by the gravirtues had made an indelible impression, |titude of her lover, General Monk, to the the most inviolable secresy: he was young rank of his Duchess, at the restoration of
I and amiable; and the old servant dying || Charles II. was the daughter of a blacksoon after, the Princess gave him her hand, I smith, and of a woman who gained her as a male protector was absolutely requisite livelihood by shaving for a penny in the que in her forlorn situation.
narrow part of Drury-lane, in the precincts They lived for ten years in that happy of St. Giles's, and on whom was composed mediocrity which is sufficient to content a ballad, with the following chorus: two hearts tenderly united, when the hus
Did you ever hear the like, band was attacked with a complaint which “ Did you ever hear the same, rendered it indispensable for him to seek « About a female barber medical aid in France, and his wife accom
66 That liv'd in Drury-lane?" panied him, took care of him during his Though the manners are generally said the sickness; and D'Aubant, on his recovery, to be formed in early life, yet Anne was solicited for employment, and obtained the benevolent, kind, and her understanding majority of the Isle of Bourbon.
of that superior cast which caused her While the husband was thus soliciting, husband, from his very first connexion with she the wife frequently took her daughter an her, to consult her on affairs of the highest life. airing in the Thuilleries. One day, as they importance. When a milliner, a trade to cha
of a busi
, az which she was assisting as a journeywoman, death and certain poverty hung over him. ferma Monk had frequently seen her; and when When his prospects brightened, and a cerghts he was confined in the Tower, the love she tainty of future honour promised to be his pas had entertained for him prompted her to lot, the chaplain of the Tower united them king ollow him thither. Here she washed for in marriage, though the mistress of his
him, went on his errands, first in the cha choice was neither handsome nor graceful, racter of a boy, but afterwards she con and was particularly slovenly in her dress.
fessed to him her sex, and the motives To this woman the great General Monk ida which had induced her to follow him: and observed, after his marriage, the most im
this confession was made when the hard | plicit obedience, and was installed, without ated: gripe of poverty and distress pinched him redemption, amongst the list of those husto se severely, and she had nothing to hope but bands who are honoured with the title of
from the self-applause of her affectionate hen-pecked. Hasty in temper, her anger, ne foc beart.
when he offended her, knew no bounds; I for She applied herself in all her leisure and as she was mistress of all the low elo
hours to her business, and with her hard- | quence which she had learned from her niere gained earnings assisted the General. Gra- associates in her youth, she would discharge zeln
titude on his part soon ripened into love; || a volley of curses on her domestics, or on Gora but, possessed of equal greatness of mind, | any one who chanced to neglect or affront h they he made her no offers, while threatened her.
CHARACTERS OF CELEBRATED FRENCH WOMEN.
a decided resolution to conquer every preLouise FLORENCE PetronILLE, thevailing weakness, endowed with the widow of M. L'Alive d'Epinay, was the most lively sensibility: and this fortitude
daughter of a man of distinguished birth, strengthened her to endure a long series of anda'. who, having lost his life in the field of ho- || grief and sufferings.
vour, left his daughter but a very slender For ten years she was afflicted with the fortune: as a reward, however, for her most excruciating pangs, and only able to father's services, she was given in marriage || support them by the continual use of opium: to one of the richest men belonging to the she might, as one may say, live and die finance; and she passed the first years of again by intervals; and in those wherein her entry into the great world, in the midst || she breathed from her agonies, she fulfilled
of opulence, and surrounded by all those il- | the most active duties of the mother and ubija
lusive pleasures with which Paris abounds. || the friend. In the midst of an existence,
It was during the most brilliant days of jj as fragile as it was painful, she was known her youth and fortune, that she became ac
to conduct all the affairs of herself and her quainted with Rousseau: who, accordo children; to render service to every one, ing to his usual propensity with all the ij who was happy enough to approach her; lovely females of his acquaintance, thought to interest herself energetically, about all proper to fall in love with Madame d'Epi- that was passing in the world, in arts and nay, yet, though loaded by her with bene- literature, to educate her grand-daughter, fits, he has not failed, ungratefully, to
as if she had been her sole care; write the calumniate her in bis confessions.
best works that were ever penned for the Young, rich, beautiful, and interesting, use of young people; work tapestry, write
the grandeur of her soul was united to her songs, receive her friends, correspond with Bly
most ardent efforts to repair the errors of a them, and not fail for one single day to perfrivolous education; and soon the rare vir- form, with care, the duties of her toilette. tues she possessed, gained her that esteem
It seemed as if, conscious that she died she enjoyed to the most advanced age of daily, she sought to snatch from death a life. The most known qualifications in her part of his prey. character, were an unshaken constancy, and Her feelings were exquisite, yet deep and
lasting; by learning to check them, they, with every requisite for her situation. The many i did not shew themselves visibly. In trou-child, however, which she brought into ber gr
Tourite ble, in sickness, her temper was never affect the world lived but six weeks, and Made
the re ed. Above prejudice, no woman knew || moiselle des Jardins chusing rather to
Monsi 80 well as herself what the sex owes to main where she was than to return back to public opinion. Although always indis- | Alençon, cultivated with care, her natural charmı posed, and always at home, she was atten- | talent for poetry, for which she had already in a c tive in adopting the newest fashions.
life w: acquired some reputation. The tragic
of the Madame d'Epinay had no prudery about comedy of Manlius falling into her hand,
with her ; but sensible of the danger of first im- | composed by the Abbe d'Aubignac, she
to his pressions, she thought that the early habits put it into verse, and it was acted at the
The c of a young person could not be too austere | Hotel de Bourgogne, with astonishing suc
Archb Her character may be well judged of by cess. She next took to writing romances,
propei the following portrait, drawn by herself in and penned several of the most celebrated 1759, when she was thirty years old: in France
. An officer of infantry, of the holy ?
the co "I am not pretty, neither am I ugly; I name of Villedieu, was a great admirer of am little, slender, and very well made. 1 this lady, and was preferred by her before
Romai have a youthful air, though not blooming ; || many of his more wealthy rivals: his per.
tative noble, mild, lively, sensible, and interesting. || son was elegant, and his manners captivatMy imagination is tranquil, my wit slow; || ing; but Mademoiselle having already my understanding just, reflective, though | suffered by an illicit engagement, firmly
Chatt inconsequent. My wind is vivacious, cou- resolved never to form any other with the rageous, strong, elevated, yet excessively | opposite sex, but such as was authorised by
he wa timid. I am sincere without being frank. || honourable marriage; and no sooner did
quetr I have cunning enough to arrive at the end she make known her determination to
ed he I have in view, but not sufficient to pene- || Monsieur Villedieu, than he informed her trate into the designs of others. I was he was already married to the daughter of
Looks born tender and sensible; constant, and a notary at Paris: she endeavoured then to
only not given to coquetry; but the facility with || persuade him to set aside this marriage, as
avoid which I have been known to form connec he had been only obliged to contract it in
perie tions, and to dissolve them, has given me obedience to the authority of his parents
, fore the reputation of inconstancy and caprice. very much against his inclination. VilleMy vanity, without allowing me to nourish | dieu, who had long been weary of his wife
, the hope of becoming perfectly wise, makes tried every means he could think of to shake
who me yet aspire to the title of a woman of off his matrimonial fetters; and being too extraordinary merit.” impatient to wait the decision of the law,
the he ordered his banns of marriage to be
quis published with Mademoiselle des Jardins.
first This lady, who was eminent for her This soon reached the ears of his wife, who whe great literary talents and sterling wit, was immediately presented a petition to the
of I born at Alençon, in the year 1640; her Queen: and Mademoiselle des Jardins fol
T maiden name was Des Jardins, and during lowed Villedieu when he went to joiu his her earliest youth she gave signal proofs of regiment. How the marriage was concludher abilities, but shewed at the same time ed was unknown, but she returned to Paris a propensity to gallantry and intrigue; and as Madame Villedieu: soon after, her husshe formed a very tender intimacy with a band neglected her for some new object
, cousin of the same age and disposition as and she complained most bitterly of him, herself; till the dread of the consequences both in her works of poetry and prose: attendant on this connection, compell- Finding her lamentations not productive of ed her to quit her father's house, and any effect, she was resolved to be revenged
, repair to Paris : she there implored the by making reprisals; and Villedieu being protection of the Duchess de Rohan, obliged to join the army, was killed in who, taking compassion on her ex a skirmish, and the pretended widow had treme youth, took care to protect her from now an opportunity of indulging her taste the anger of her parents, and provided her ll for gallantry and literature. She composed
MADAME DE VILLEDIEU.
her situatios any pieces for the theatre, which gained from being cruel. This he said in hearing she brougar great applause; but the death of a fa- of a man who lived in that town, and who weeks, wi purite friend so oppressed her mind, that had a very handsome wife, of whom he was using trahe de resolved on retiring to a convent. remarkably jealous: he immediately took i to retun Sonsieur de Harlay, Archbishop of Paris, fire, and hastily asked whether the gentlecare, herharmed with her conversation, placed her man had ever experienced any peculiar h she hupa a convent, where, for a short time, her | favours from the ladies of Montpellier? 31. 7.fe was exemplary; but a brother of one The other coolly answered, he spoke from z into beff the nuns, who was formerly acquainted proof and experience, having spent a d'Aubisz vith Madame Villedieu, indiscreetly related happy winter amongst them, and was
o his sister the particulars of her life. blessed by the possession of some of the astonisha
The community, therefore, informed the most considerable ladies there, and was riting wArchbishop that they did not think her a well acquainted with the amours of many
proper person to be admitted into their others. The jealous husband, with much
holy mansion. After her dismission from | agitation, requested to know the name of infantry
; the convent, she found an asylum in the one or two of those ladies. The mischiev.
house of her sister-in-law, Madame de St. ous nobleman then named to him his own d by Romain, and in a very short time all her wife. “ You are mistaken, Sir," said the rivals: 0
native disposition to gallantry returned: || husband angrily; « she is not the sort of
amongst other persons of distinction who woman you mention!" Yet he could not having "visited her sister, was the Marquis de la sit easy, and again asked the gentleman gement
Chatte, about sixty years of age; a charac- to describe the person of the lady who
ter well known for dissipation and futility : || bore this name; while no one could fors authors he was soon caught by the charms and co bear laughing to see the mortified husband,
quetry of Madame de Villedieu, and obtain. || listening to hear his wife's picture describermini ed her consent to a matrimonial union, ed. The nobleman then added, that she
though already married to another woman. was extremely fond of dancing, that she не
Looking on herself as destined to espouse | frequented every ball; “ five or six," added
only married men, sbe sought now how to he, “were peculiarly brilliant, and given in s mali avoid the difficulties she had before exo honour of her by a man who adores her."
perienced in a similar situation, and there- || He then named the lover. “ Ah!" said his " fore went a dozen leagues from Paris; and the husband, “ this part of the picture tion. when, some time after, she returned, the bears no resemblance, I am sure that man of his Marchioness was delivered of a son, to was never in my house; and I am certain 2015 whom Monsieur, the Dauphin, and Made that you have taken another woman for my being moiselle de Montpensier stood sponsors: wife.”—“She has a pretty snug house in o * the child lived about a year, and the Mar- the country,” continued the stranger, with ge" quis soon followed. The widow's grief at an air of indifference, “ where she spends
first was excessive, but soon subsided; and most of the summer; it was there I first saw wit! what is extraordinary, she quitted the pame her: she has there, amongst other curious
of La Chatte, and resumed that of Villedieu. things, a cabinet filled with the most rare
This imprudent woman, rendered in antiquities.”_" Ah! that bears too near a teresting by the elegance and celebrity of resemblance," cried the tortured husband; her works, terminated her days at the age “ without doubt she is the coquette you of forty-three, by drinking large potions now speak of." Upon this all the passenof brandy, even at her meals.
gers set up a loud laugh, and the poor man Madame Villedieu used to relate a little was so disconcerted, that he went and sat adventure, in which she was a party, with down, the picture of despair, at the other much wit and humour. Amongst those end of the boat. But the gentleman who who accompanied us, (said she) in the had thus tormented him, went up to him coche d'eau, (canal-boat) was a gentleman, and most solemnly protested, that all he who appeared quite the nobleman, attend had said had no foundation in truth, but ed by his servant. Speaking of some of the " was merely by way of water conversation, towns of Languedoc, he very imprudently where there is a sort of liberty allowed, said that the ladies of Montpellier were far that would not be pardonable on shore."
SIR WILLIAM BROWNE AND BISHOP WAR
though the weather was unfavourab's
went through this long walk with the When the worthy old Knight, Sir greatest ease. William Browne, M. D. was at Bath, he paid a visit to Bishop Warburton, at Prior
CHANCELLOR COW PER. Park; to whom he sent word he should be
Cowper, when Chancellor of England, glad to have the honour of kissing his hand.
was desirous of obliging the Quakers to Dr. Warburton, who judged it could be
take an oath on occasion, like other citno other than the famous physician, whom
One who was at the head of this he had never seen, went down into the
persuasion said to him, one day, very grave drawing-room; where he was accosted by ly, “ Friend Chancellor, thou oughtest to a little round well-fed looking gentleman, know that Jesus Christ, our Lord and St with a large muff in one hand, a small
viour, has forbid our asseveration to be Horace, open, in the other, and a spying
more than Yea, yea, or No, no.
He ha glass dangling from a black ribbon at his
also expressly said, Thou shalt not swear by button. After the first salutation, Sir heaven, because it is God's throne; nor by the William informed the prelate that his earth, because it is his footstool; neither by visit was indeed to him, but principally to Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great Prior Park, which had so inviting a pros- || King; nor by thy head, because thou canst pect from below, and he did not doubt but
not make one hair white or black. This, on examination it would sufficiently repay friend, is a positive command; and we are the trouble he had given himself of going | not going to disobey our God to please thee up to it on foot. The gentlemen then sat
or thy parliament." down; and the first thing Sir William said,
“ You have well spoken," replied the was to propose a doubt to the Bishop con
Chancellor; “ but let me tell you a fable cerning some particular passage in Horace, One day Jupiter ordered that every beast which all this time he had still open in his of burthen should be shod with iron; hand. Before the Bishop could answer, he | horses, mules, and even camels obeyed the gave him the solution of this long mis- ||edict; the asses alone protested against understood passage; and in support of his lit; and set forth so many reasons that explanation he repeated his own paraphrase Jupiter was good enough to say to them, of it in English verse, which, he said, had | Well
, gentlemen asses, I grant your requests ; just then come hot from his brain. They then took chocolate, and Sir William || you shall not be iron-shod, but the first false
step you make you shall have a hundred having seen all that he wanted of the pre-strokes with a good cudgel.” late, requested to see more of his country seat; and particularly what he called the Monument, which was the Prior's Tower. A servant was ordered to attend him SEVERAL years ago this celebrated chathither; and when he had satisfied his cu racter died in London. He was the son of riosity he went out by the garden into the that celebrated Ambassador to whom we road; his design being answered, which are indebted for the benefit of inoculation. was to be admired.
The details which are given of the life of Vanity was the prevailing foible of Sir | this heir to so illustrious a name, are inter, William Browne, and the good-natured | esting and curious. Like another Alci, Bishop gave him a sufficient dose of admira- || biades, he conformed, with peculiar facility tion; but for nothing did he afford it so to the customs of the nations he lived in, sincerely as the finding him able, at past and passed the greatest part of his life in eighty years of age, to perform this expe- travelling. In Europe he had his mistresses dition on foot, with all the agility of a boy; || in every quarter, and in Asia his seraglios: lively both in body and mind, he seemed he lived in the closest intimacy with Ali in full possession of his faculties; and Bey.
EDWARD WORTLEY MONTAGUE.