Page images


like ota

ne head,

[ocr errors]


He was married in his native country to , ladies passed near the place in their cari washerwoman, who died childless; but || riage. The beauty of the young student

being resolved to have an heir, he departed || struck them; they desceuded from their carwas uit or the furthermost parts of Egypt, in order riage, and having looked at him for some walk to marry again; and that he might be sure time without waking him, the youngest, of his mark, he gave in charge to one of who was extremely pretty, took a pencil his friends to find him a pregnant woman, froin her pocket, and wrote a few lines on

who was her own mistress, and advertised a paper whi:h she slipped into his hand, llor of

under a feigned name to this effect in the with much a' itation. The two ladies then the Qut

public papers. A subject was easily found, got again into their coach and drove off. and nothing was wanting to this adoption Some of Miltou's fellow students, who had but the arrival of the father. At Padua, been looking for hiki, were spectators of "however, death arrested him in as strange | this dumb shew, without recognising the a manner as that in which he had hitherto features of the young man who was seeplived. The bone of a beceafico stuck in ing, but drawing near they perceivel it Londe his throat and strangled him.

was their friend: they im uediately waked Feration

He was skilled in all the oriental lan- || him, and told him what they had seen. He guages, Hebrew, Arabic, Chaldean, Persian, opened the folded paper, and read the folEt not

Turkish, and Greek, which were as familiar | lowing verses from Guarini :2; to him as his mother tongue. He was, be

" Deck, stelle moriali, sides, as may well be conceived, a man of

Ministri, de mi i mali,

« Le chiusi m'accidete, universal knowledge. He composed sevees till ral learned works. He had adopted the

Apporti che farele?manners, customs, dress, and even the


-66 Eyes of fire, earthly stars, most minute habits of the Turks.

authors of my secret pangs! if thus you pia ferred their mode of sitting to ours, having wound when closed in night

, how bright his legs crossed under him.

your rays confessed in light!"

This curious adventure imparted much sensibility to the hitlerto stoic mind of

Milton. Experiencing from that moment This famous Poet, when in the bloom of the most ardent desire, of becoming acberes early youth, was extremely beautiful. One quainted with the lovely unknowi, he

fine summer's day, when he was a stuuent sought her, some years after, all over Italy, sons at the University of Cambridge, having but could never find her. lier idea warm

to be wandered into the fields, and being over ed, unceasingly, the Poet's imagination; and rele come with weariness and the warmth of it is to this incident, in his deseription of

the weather, he fell asleep at the foot of a Eve, that England is indebted, is that poem, bait tree. While he was sleeping, two foreign of which she so justly makes her boast.

He pre





(Continued from Page 16.)


[ocr errors]


man province, where he ftund his talents «Was by birth a German. For near

both honoured and rewarded. Tils sucly ten years he was a member of the elec- cess, however, only raised his ambition, and toral King of Poland's famous band at excited a stronger desire to try his fortul,e

Dresden; but at length, his subsistence be- elsewhere; in 1759, he arrived in England, is coming extremely precarious, he quitted where his abilities and his worth were soon

the service in 1758, and departed from the discovered. o capital of Saxony with only three dollars “ It was to this gentleman, in conjunc. in his pocket.

tion with his friend Bach, thit the i hi. “ He travelled on foot to the next Ger- li bitants of London were so long indebted No. 61.-Vol. X


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

for that admirable concert, first established “ His transcendent genius soon enabled at Almack's, and afterwards removed to the him to soar high above all his competitors; Festino rooms, Hanover-square. Here it and as envy seldom fails to pursue merit, was that those masterly performers, Fischer || the German masters became so jealous of and Cramer, were first brought forward. his rising fame, that they entered into a After having, for many years, conducted y kind of combination, in order to decry his these concerts with credit and reputation, | compositions. the public at length grew tired of them, “ It has often been asserted that the comand the proprietors were compelled to positions of Haydn are very unequal; that withdraw themselves with the loss of a some are replete with scientific knowledge, great sum of money. The munificence, whilst others are extravagant to excess. however, of the Queen, placed Abel above In illustration of this circumstance, it has want; she established a private band of been remarked that many of these pieces music, and placed him at the head of it, were, written at the command of Prince with the title of chamber-musician to her Esterhazy, whose ideas of music were highMajesty, and a salary of two hundred i ly eccentric. pounds a year.

“ The national music of the Germans is, “ His compositions were in general easy by nature, rough, bold, and grand; and and elegantly simple; in his adagios, par- although they do not possess the softness of ticularly, are found the most pleasing, yet "the Italians, yet it must be confessed, that learned modulation, the richest harmony, is in instruniental music, and particularly in and the most elegant and polished melody. that for wind instruments, they have ex

“ This accomplished musician died in 1l celled all other nations. The refinement London, on the 20th June, 1787."

of their music was left for Haydn to accom.

plish; and this he has done in a very ample JOSEPH HAYDN,

manner, by originality, novelty, and beau“ Master of the Chapel of his Serene

tiful air, in which he has greatly excelled Highness Prince Esterhazy, was born at all his predecessors. Rhorau, in Lower Austria, in the year

“ Besides pumerous pieces for instruments 1733. His father, who was a wheelwright

Haydu has composed many operas for the by trade, played upon the harp without the

Esterhazy Theatre. He has likewise writleast knowledge of music. This excited the

ten much church music. attention of his son, and first gave

birth to

In Haydn s allegros there is a general his passion for music. In his early child

cheerfulness and character of good buhood he used to sing to his father's harp

mour, which exhilarate


hearer. the simple tunes that he was able to play.

The private character of Haydn was He was afterwards sent to a small school in

very amiable. As a man, he was friendly, the neighbourhood, where he began to

artless, and undesigning; and as a husband, learn music regularly; and at length was placed under the tuition of Reuter, chapel- several years previously to his death, be

affectionate, tender, and exemplary. For master of the cathedral at Vienna. “ The progress he made was so rapid,

felt gradually coming upon him the infirthat before he was well acquainted even the most melancholy sensations he perceiv,

mities of old age; and it was not without with the rudiments of harmony, he composed a great number of symphonies, trios,

ed the gradual decay of his genius and

faculties. sonatas, and other pieces, in which the

“ He closed his earthly career at Gum. early dawnings of a great genius were evi- | pendorf, on the 31st of May, 1809, aged 76 dent,

years." “ At the age of eighteen, on the breaking of his voice, he was dismissed from the WOLFANG AMADEUS MOZART, cathedral.

“ Was the son of the chapel-master at “ In 1759, he was received into the ser- Saltzburgh, and was born in that cíty, in vice of Count Mazarin ; from whence, in 1756. When only three years of age, he 1761, he passed to the palace of Prince was at all times delighted to be present Esterhazy.

while his sister received her lessons on the


harpsichord; and the child would some part, and he executed it with great cortimes amuse himself for hours by discover. rectness. ing and playing thirds on that instrument. “ Mozart's first great musical journey From this early indication of genius, his was made in the year 1763. Although at father was induced to teach him some short this time he was only seven years of age, airs; and the scholar soon outstripped his, he had become so celebrated, that his chahopes. Such, indeed, was his progress, racter spread through every part of Europe. that at the age of six years, he could com He was heard in the chapel of the King of pose little airs while he was playing, and France at Versailles, the court being present. which his father was always obliged to It was in Paris that the first compositions write down for him on paper. From that of this infant Orpheus were engraved and time his whole delight was in harmony; published. and none of his infant sports gave him any

“ From Paris he travelled to London; pleasure, unless it was contrived that mu. and in 1768 he returned to Vienna, and, at sic should make a part of them.

the request of Joseph the Second, composed “ His father, one day, entering the music La Finta Semplice, a comic opera, which room in company with a friend, found the was approved by Metastasio, but not pero' boy, with a pen in his hand, busily em

formed. ployed. • What are you about there?'

“ He arrived at Rome in the Passion said his father. • 1 am writing a

week, and was present in the Papal chapel certo for the harpsichord,' was the reply. I at the performance of the Miserere. This • Indeed! it must doubtless be something is known to be the ne plus ultra of vocal very fine; let me see it.'~But, Sir, it is music: and it is strictly forbidden to give not finished.' The father took up the any one a copy of it. Mozart's ambition paper, and, at first, could discover nothing was powerfully excited; and having listened but a confusion of notes and spots of ink. with the greatest attention to the performThe boy, not knowing how to handle a. ance, he went home, wrote the music from pen, had continually filled it too ful!, and memory, and produced a copy which surdropped it on the paper, which he had | prised all Rome. wiped with his hand, and then written “ He composed the opera of Mithridates, upon the blots. Old Mozart, on examin- ! for Milan; at length, after an absence of ing the work more closely, was enraptured fifteen months, he returned once more to with the performance. • See,' said he to Saltzburgh. his friend, how regular and accurate this “ At the request of the Elector of Bais! but it is too difficult to be played.'— varia, he composed the opera of Idumenes, • It is a concerto,' exclaimed the boy, “and for the Carvival of 1781. He soon aftermust be practised till it can be executed : /wards went again to Vienna, aud, from his you shall hear.'

He then began to play, || twenty-fifth year, continued to reside in but it was beyond his powers.

that capital. The Emperor Joseph, who “ In the year 1762, his father took him was desirous of improving the German and his sister to Munich, where he played opera, engaged Mozart to compose Dia. a concerto before the Elector, to the asto- | Ent. fahrung aus die Serail. This excited nishment and admiration of the whole the jealousy of the Italian company at

Vienna. court. He gave no less pleasure at Vienna, and the Emperor used frequently to call him

“ While Mozart was engaged in the the little sorcerer.

composition of this opera, he married Miss “ His father had only taught him the Webber, a person of distinguished merit; harpsichord: he taught himself to play on

and to this incident it was, that the work the violin. It ne day afforded his father was indebted for the character of tender.' an agreeable surprise, to hear the boy play ness, and the expression of passionate softthe second violin in concert, and acquitness, in which its chief beauties consist. It himself to perfection. Genius can see no was received both at Vienna and Prague impediments: proud of his success, he soon with the most rapturous applause. afterwards undertook to play the principal “ All his celebrity had hitherto, how

ever, procured to Mozart no solid advau- , bimself but that the Requiem upon which tages; be enjoyed no place, and had no he was employed, was for his own death. fixed income, but subsisted on the profits His wife, unable by persuasion, to efface arising from his lessors, and from subscrip- the impression, earnestly requested him to tion concerts. The Marriage of Figaro, give her the score. When he appeared was then famous; it was transformed into somewhat more tranquillized, she returned an Italian opera, and the Emperor request- it to him to finish, but he soon relapsed ed that Mozart would set it to music. He into his former despondency. On the day did so, and it was every where received of his death he asked for the Requiem, with unbounded applause.

which was brought to his bed. Was I “This elegant and interesting musician not right?" said be, 'when I declared that died in the year 1791, just after he had re- | it was for myself I was composing this ceived the brevet of chapel-master of the funeral piece! And the tears bedewed his church of St. Stephen, at the early age of cheeks: it was bis farewell to music. twenty-five years. Indefatigable to his | After his death we are informed that the latest moments, he composed his three stranger came for, and received the Refinest works only a very short time beforequiem, and has not been heard of since. his death; these were the Zauber Floete, The widow, however, kept the score. or Enchanted Flute; La Clemenza di Tito; “ Mozart died loaded with debts; but and a Requiem ; the latter of which he bis wife and children met with ample and just lived to finish.

honourable protection and support. The “The circumstances attending the com- debts of Mozart, perhaps, had not been neposition of the Requiem, are extremely in- cessary; but he had too generous a dispositeresting. A sliort time before Mozart's | tion to be an economist. death, a stranger came to him and request “ The figure of this extraordinary man ed that he would compose, as speedily as had in it nothing particularly striking. possible, a Requiem for a Catholic Prince, || He was of a short stature; and, except his who, perceiving himself on the verge of the eyes, had no indications of peculiar genius. grave, wished for such a piece to be per- | His look, when not seated at an instrument, formed before him, in order to soothe bis was that of an absent man ; but whenever mind, and familiarize it to the idea of ap- he was performing, his whole physiognomy proaching dissolution. Mozart undertook was changed; and his sentiments and feelthe work, and the stranger deposited with || ings were expressed in every movement of him four hundred ducats, though only two his muscles. hundred were demanded.

· The disposition of Mozart was patural“ During the progress of this composi- | ly kind, gentle, and frank; and with his tion, Mozart felt an unusual agitation of friends he had an air at once amiable, gay, mind, which at length rose to such a and even free from the least tincture of height, that he one day declared to his | pedantry.” wife, that he could not possibly persuade (To be concluded in our next.)



(Continued from Page 24.)

The house facing ours was occupied it: although I refused taking the letters by a numerous, rich, and titled family, the which the youth found means to have coneldest son of which had neglected nothing veyed, notwithstanding I would leave my to attract my notice. The civilities that his window whenever he appeared at his, he mother had shown to mine spoke her anx had so contrived as to leave me no doubts iety of forming a connexion, which, how- of his love for me, and his perseverance ever, Madame Depreval constantly avoided. had added to the favourable opinion I had I must candidly confess that I was sorry for formed of him when first I had seen him.

Certain it is that the idea of getting a hus- || dame Depreval told me, that perhaps my band and of this young man had got into | delicacy was carried too far; that my edumy head, and there still remained linked cation, personal attractions, and fortune, together. When I thought of the fortune secured me, in the presence of a husband, I was to be possessed of, I might have en against all manner of painful obligations. tertained some hopes, if my birth, the secret We finally agreed that I should receive of my mother, had not at the same moment Mr. Dormeuil's visits without being prejuhumbled all my pretensions. My pride ) diced either way, since, at any rate, I revolted, and far from thinking it possible should be at liberty to decline him : it was for me to enter into a family that would | impossible for me to refuse such terms, and have considered it as bestowing on me a from that day Madame Dormeuil and her great favour to have adopted me, I determin son became our constant visitors. ed accordingly to devote myself entirely to No long tinie had elapsed before I discoMadame Depreval, and to seek a refuge in vered that I had inspired Mr. Dormeuil a convent if I had the misfortune to lose with sincere love. His attention to me her. After having fixed upon this resolu- displayed not the views of an interested tion, I avoided even being perceived by | man; he suffered so much from those ideas him whom my imagination had selected. || which suggested my reserve, that I was Far from regretting it, I only thought of forced to upbraid myself for wronging him; him with sorrow; nay, in spite of myself, and from the moment I was allowed to I was angry with him on account of the give credit to the sincerity of his sentimortification 1 would have incurred if I ments, he gained an absolute sway over had not had fortitude enough to overcome mine. But my coldness had made him my affection for him.

timid; and as be did not conceal from me Similar dispositions were not favourable that he apprehended he was more iudebted to the husband my mother offered me: for the grant of my hand to the will of my however, I experienced not the least unea mother than to my inclination towards siness on that score. I was not apprehen- him, I was at a loss to confess the impressive she would force me to accept of him, sion lie had really made on my heart. If although she had not assured me it was at the beginning of our intercourse be had against her intention; and with the utmost shown assurance, he certainly would never indifference I beheld that day approach on have been my husband; but now I nearly which I was to be introduced to Monsieur reproached him with not having enough ;, Dormeuil.

and I avoided returning a positive answer We had spent about an hour with his to my mother, not to let her know what mother, when that gentleman made his | Dormeuil was still ignorant of: I wished appearance. He paid me too great atten him to receive the intelligence from me tion to allow me an opportunity of scruti alone. nizing him: his address, however, was very At this very period Madame Depreval much in his favour; and most certainly, at was taken ill. The physicians who attend. the

age of five-and-twenty, your father was ed her made no secret of her dangerous the handsomest man that could be seen. condition ; she herself had been sensible The recollection of his being acquainted | for seventeen years past that she was wastwith my birth--the thought that he was to ing by degrees. She had me called to her become my husband for the sake of my bed, and begged of me, as a particular fafortune only, or through mere commisera

vour, to procure her the satisfaction, prior tion, rendered me averse to the match; and to her leaving this world, to see me surwhen, on the foliuwing day, my mother rounded with protectors. I was asked me what I thought of him, I could whelmed with grief. Although I had not not help answering that I should have loved Mr. Dormeuil, I would have accepted liked him much better, if I had not known of him as a husband at that moment, in that he was my intended husband.

obedience to Madame Depreval's command. We continued conversing together with When he came in with his mother, I took the utmost and unrestrained candour. Ma him by the hand, led him into the drawing


« PreviousContinue »