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about a thousand crowns a year at a banker's, his has talent when he defends an ill subject well. relation, who is probably rich enough to have a Independently of this common kind of probity, clerk who does nothing.
there is another, a relative talent for every poFremen ville pretends to be the man of fashion : sition in which a man may chance to be placed. he never fails to go every morning to his coun- The probity of a man of law implies the most riting-house on horseback, booted, in spurs, and gorous justice, an inflexible character, an irrea whip in his band: the language of the young proachable conscience ; his talent must shew itmen who frequent the Coffee-houses, is what he self to proceed from a sound judgment, an enspeaks the most readily, though he has both lightened miod, the love of truth, and an aptitude sense and education sufficient to adopt much in discovering it. Suppose we speak of an embetter. He treats the most serious subjects as he ployment given to a man of letters,: let the prewould a common jest; and never speaks serious- teaders to literature never have cause to blush at ly, except it is on Italian music, of which he is their success ; let them never be given to plapassionately fond; though he can never distin- giarisms; let them never sell their principles, guish it from any other, except by the names of so as to offer incense to the idol that they have the composers ending in i or o.
disparaged but the day before : let them not In order to be acquainted with the chief per- make use of the art of combining flowery sen. sonages which compose our little society, I must tences with harmonious cadences, producing only add to those I have already named, M. Moussinot, || insipid periods, in order to supply the place of the landlord of the house which linbabit,and who imagination and ideas.
Moussinot. I know very well what talent the comes every fortnight to invite me to sap with him in order not to derogate from his accustomed owner of a house ought to have, it is to make his habit of going to bed every night precisely atten. || lodgers pay regularly; and thank God, I acquit This M. Moussinot, whose regard for his tenants myself pretty well; but as to his probityis always according to their exactitude in the Fremenville.--It is to keep his house in good payment of their rent, has conceived a very high repair, to prevent his apartments from smoking opinion of me, and for which my wife onght to before he lets them; and not to wait to raise the take the sole credit. Nature has given to this reut of a lodger till that lodger is at some ungood man a great desire to talk much; but has
What do you say, M. taken from him the most requisite faculty, as he Moussi not, are you possessed of that probity ? has a singular impediment in his speech, which Moussinot.-Every one ought to make the best causes him to be a long time in expressing him- of what he has. self, so that he is continually interrupted.
Clenord.— Even of what belongs to the public; Last Sunday onr little table was completely | this is what some people understand wonderfully filled; my wife, who could not go to chapel well. that morning, to hear the mass performed in ho Duterrier. - And even without losing the cha. nour of the King, was rather out of humour; racter of an honest man in the world's opinion : Fremenville thought he perceived, that as she
remark that. I know a certain man at the head was dressing the sallad, she did not know what of a public office who enjoys an excellent
repushe was about; he remarked it. “ That is my | tation, and who only has to circumvent adroitly, business, cousin,” replied she : “ if every one to be thought devoted to public good. There is did what they ought, or acted according to what
more than one upright judge who would throw a they know, things would go on better."
man out of the window who would dare to offer Duterrier.-Madame de Montliver has point- him a bribe; but nevertheless, justice would be ed out the exact cause of all our disorders ; very nothing in the balance with him, against the tears few people act up to what they know, and there or the smiles of a pretty woman; nay, even the are yet fewer who do what they ought.
credit of a man in power would turn the scale. Dubuisson. If places are not well filled, it is This want of probity is seen amongst every class ; the fault of those wbo have the giving them away, your cookmaid, whom you allow to spend what for they might chuse better; competitors are money she pleases for the kitchen, does not not wanting.
scruple to make a perquisite on every article she Duterrier.-No, by my faith; if competitors | purchases in the market. for places were only such as were qualified to Madame de Montliver.–And boast too with fill them. You see I exclude nine-tenths of those her sister cooks that she has done it, while she who are on the list, when I say talent and probity spends with them, what she calls, the market are the sole requisites, from the candidates for 1 penny. the ministry to the youngest clerks of a compt M. Guillaume. -As to such people they merit ing-house.
only contempt; but Duclos was right, when be M, Guillaume.- I did not think talent and pro. | said, “ A man who sells his honour, sells it always bity were so scarce.
for more than it is worth.” Duterrier.-.-Because we never gave to those Duterriet.- That is one of those moral truths, terms more than half their value. We are apt which is only applicable to dangerous paradoxes. to say a man has probity, because we dare leave A man sells me his conscience for one hundred a trunk nnlocked in his presence; and that be "thousand crowns; but this merchandize causes
me to gain six hundred thousand francs; there. Then follows a description of the accommodafore the bonour of that man is worth more than tion prepared for the public. The conclusion he sold it for. For the interest of society, I
ran thus:think our moralist should have set a higher price “ Let not the people, therefore, listen to those upon honour, instead of lowering it. If every who would poison their minds--to those who are one speculated in this kind of traffic,—if every the constant enemies of all public joy. Let them one estimated his honour more than it was worth, || be assured, that the object of the peaceful festival fewer people would be desirous of setting a price is to give to all ranks and orders, a grateful occa
sion to indulge in that full participation of hapFremenville.--It is competition which spoils the piness to which their perseverance, in a most trade.
sanguinary and trying contest, crowned with Clenord.-Reform is wanted both in morals and unprecedented success, has so riebly entitled in the state ; I would only mention one, which | them.” made may lead to another. I would write the
DESCRIPTION OF THE FETE. words, honour, probity, talent, on the door of every institution or establishment, and on that of everytropolis,' has the curiosity of hundreds of thou
Never, perhaps, in the annals of this vast mepublic office. Fremenrille.-That is an Utopian device.
sands of the public been more eagerly and anx. Clenord.-No, for no one should be able to
iously excited than by the annunciation of the procure a place, that could not apply this device festival of Monday the 1st of August. Great perto himself.
plexity seemed to have been caused by the extenFremenville.—Mercy on us! how many people | been sufficiently forwarded during the stay of the
sive preparations for this occasion not having are you going to turn into the street ? M. Guillaume.-Fortunately for them they are
Emperor of Russia, the King of Prussia, and the generally Lclieved on their bare word.
long train of royal, princely, and illustrious perDuterrier.— I would only desire of them to give sonages, who paid this country the honours of
their visit. as a chief gunrantee for the confidence of government, the consideration they hold in their own
It was at first understood, that it was to be comfamilies.
bined with some grand plan of entertainment to Madame de Montliver.-Gentlemen, the desert
be given by the Prince Regent on that occasion. is on the table : so no more argument nor reason
After their departure for the Continent, different ing, I fo rewarn you ; cousin Fremenville, it is days were mentioned, but still it was to be in
celebration of the peace so happily accomplished your turn to speak.
under the auspices of his Royal Highness. The remainder of the evening passed in that kind of conversation from which, I believe, Plu
Day after day bad been named, and anxiety tarch could not find any thing worth selecting.
had been still kept on its full stretch. Delay did GUILLAUME THE FREE SPEAKER.
not appear to diminish expectation, or cool desire; which seem, on the contrary, to have even increased under deferred hope. Whatever po
litical or moral criticisms may have been emGRAND NATIONAL JUBILEE ON THE
ployed on this subject, it is an indisputable fact, FIRST OF AUGUST, *1814.
that so immense a number of the people at large It would appear, that the conductors of the
were never brought together in any previous inFete entertained some alarms respecting the pos stance, by, any description of public rejoicings on sible conduct of the populace in the Parks, | any of the great events which have so often which occasioned them to issue the following | gilded the page of British story. public notification on Monday morning, (1st Monday being positively fixed, no farther fears August) which was posted round the scenes of were entertained, save from the caprice of the mirth and merriment:
elements. A showery day was an accident against “ August 1st is the day fixed for a Grand Na- | which no human precaution could provide; and tional Jubilee, being the Centenary of the acces notice was given, early on Monday morning, sion of the Illustrious Family of Brunswick to the that in the event of unfavourable weather, far. Throne of this Kingdom, and the Anniversary | ther postponement would be necessary. Monday of the Battle of the Nile.
morning came, and, at an early hour, it appear“ Hyde Park, in which there will be a Grand ance covered many a fair countenance with the Fair, is entirely open to the people.
gloom of disappointment. The sky was darken. 6 The Green Park will also be entirely open to ed and the rain descended, and the expected the people.
pleasures of the day were given up for the mo“ The Mall of St. James's Park, and Consti ment as lost. Sunday had been uncommonly tution-hill, will also be open to the people, to | fine; the eve of the festal day had in a manner enter by Spring-gardens and New-street gates. commenced the entertainment, and thousands
“ The Lawn in St. James's Park, and the Bird- || promenading the Parks had almost ontwatched sage walk, will be devoted to those who have the moon. The apprehension of disappointment purchased tickets."
however, suddenly relieved ; for between
ten and eleven the sun re-appeared, beaming in | tinued pouring in, until the Green Park was one all his glory, and shedding his brightest resul compact mass of persons. It presented a most gence on the scene. -The inhabitan's of the me extraordinary sight. Heads were seen rising one tropolis, and the countless numbers who had come above the other up Constitutiun-Hill, as regularto it from “ all the country round,” had nothing ly as though they had been packed together. now to interfere with their hopes, or to prevent While every spot of grass was concealed by the them from getting ready as soon as they pleased, multitude, the trees appeared bending under the and throwing themselves into the vortex of fes weight of persons who took their stations on the tivity and rejoicing. The appearance of all the branches. Several large limbs broke down with streets leading towards the Parks was without ten or twenty men. We understand they were any parallel t:jat we know of. The shops in severely bruised, but no lives lost. There could some streets were shut up; all were walking, not be a manifestation of more desire to share in or rnnning, or riding in the same direction. It | the general joy provided for all classes of his Ma. was difficult to proceed in an opposite one. jesty's subjects. Myriads of persons of both sexes, of all ages, and Having given a slight sketch of the general of all ranks, in all their respective variety of effect of the superb arrangements, and feeling on dress, were seen ffocking to the selected spots. the part of the public, we shall proceed to deA stranger dropped into the street, knowing 10 scribe, as concisely as we can, the various thing of the matter, might easily have supposed from the universal eagerness and interest, that
INCLOSURE IN ST. JAMES'S PARK. some event was to take place far greater than even the splendid exhibitions which all were The company with tickets entered by Fluyderbastening to witness.
street, Storey's Gate, Buckingbam Gate, and Every disposition was made to give eclat toa Queen’s-square. Many of the nobility entered Fete which may be termed national in every through Lord Melbourne's and other houses in sense. The study of the able characters who the Park within the fence, which extended from have managed the whole, was to provide accom the Horse Guards to the railway near the canal. modations for all parties, and the happiness of'There was also another tence enclosing Buckall orders. Hyde Park was entirely open to the ingham House and the lawn. The company public, with a grand fair, possessing amusements found within the inclosure all that cnu! charm and accommodation equal to the arrangements in the eye and delight the mind. On the south the other Parks. The Green Park was also bank of the canal, tents were erected, to afford open to the people, with the Mall, to which the coolness and refreshment to the company. Bepublic bad access up New-street and Spring-gar tween the tents appeared flags of all nations, with dens, as far as Constitution Hill. The lower superb crescents, and stars of variegated lamps. part of the Park, and the Bird-cage-walk, were The trees were entwined by lamps and pleasing reserved for such persons as chose to purchase ornaments of various descriptions. At some dis. tickets in order to avoid the crowd. Every pre tance from the above range, there was another, caution was taken for their happiness, comfort, consisting of large rooms for dancing, taverns, and security-There were amusements in abun coffee-houses, and places affording comfortable dance, to gratify all, and to prevent the pressure refreshment. that would have been felt at one general exhi. Nearly all the wherries on the canal were ocbition, all the amusements began nearly at one cupied by company, rowing up and down with time, in consequence of which the body of spec bands of music, and all the appendages to a retators was separated by being drawn to distant gatta Several wagers were disputed by the parts of the Park, where the entertainments were watermen, who pulled the length of the canal and going on.
back again to win the prize. The'race was vot By an excellent and judicious arrangement, given to the swift on this occasion, because judgno carriages or horsemen were permitted to enter ment was wanted rather than strength. The the Parks, or remain stationary near the avenues. l piece of water being narrow, the competitors The gates remained shut all the forenoon,
found some difficulty in turning, and in that the public were informed by notice, that they operation the last was frequently first. The comwould not be admitted before two o'clock. They pany received great amusement by these trials of were also requested, for their own convenience,
skill. Tot to assemble round the doors before the ap The spectators who paid half-a-guinea for adpointed time of admission.
All the notices,
mittance, and those who paid nothing were each which, we must say, were worded with delicacy surprisingly deceived. The balf-guineas supand great respect for the peuple, were most princ posed of course they would be placed in a situa. tually and willingly obeged. Constables were tion to see every thing the most curious, instead stationed at the New-street entrance, Spring- of which they were boxed up within the green gardens, and other entrances, but we did not inclosure of St. James's Park, where they saw bear of any improper conduct on the part of those the Canal, the boats, the Chinese bridge, the admitted. At two o'clock there was certainly a Pagoda, and the Balloon to be sure admirably; great rush into the Park, and the torrent cod. ll but of the other and most beautiful parts of the No. 61. Vol, X.
entertainment they saw nothing. They did not delayed a few minutes, that her Majesty and the attempt Hyde Park, supposing that to be a mere Princesses might witness the ascent. At twenty diversion, to draw off the mob; and of the great minutes past six, when the cords which held the Temple in the Green Park they saw nothing but | balloon were ready to be cut, it was found that the top and the rockets. The whole company | the fastening which secures the network to the crowded to the gravel inside of Buckingbam | valve at the top of the balloon, had by some means Gate, where they could have a glimpse of the || been disengaged, and was held only by a single Temple through the trees, and where they could | twine. Under these circumstances, the new at the same time see the Chinese bridge over the || aspirant to celestial excursions, Mrs. Henry Canal, froin both of which rockets alternately and Johnson, was informed, that she could not posrapidly sprang; but the Temple being in a bol- || sibly accompany Mr. Sadler in fris voyage, withlow, screened by large thick trees, nothing more out imminent danger to both. Mrs. Johnson, than the very top point of it could be discovered.
still anxious to ascend, expressed her hope, that The half-guinea spectators saw nothing of its
means might yet be devised to admit of her doing grandeur or beauty. Those, on the contrary, so with safety. The Duke of Wellington, who who paid nothing for admittance, saw every conversed with Mrs. J. on the subject, under. thing well; bit supposing the best things would took to ascertain the fact; and his Grace was so be selected for the view of the persons who paid, !| fully convinced of the danger, that be strongly thousands of them left Hyde Park early, or de recommended Mr. Sadler to decline his engage clined going thither, thereby missing the grand- || altogether. This enterprising young aeronaut, est sight exhibited, namely, the burning of the however, feeling for the disappointment of the ships on the Serpentinc.
public, and for his own honour, was determined We were rather surprised to find so little in the
to go up, and be ascended about twenty-four musical way provided for the public. We heard
minutes past six. Whilst the balloon was still nothing but a band now and then at the Queen's hovering over the Park, he threw from it a num. house, and something, we believe, occasionally
ber of small paper parachutes, with jubilee favors near the Royal bootb; but it was much missed in | attached to them, bearing various inscriptions. the Park,
When above the London Docks the balloon ap
peared for a short time nearly stationary, and it THE BALLOON,
was not until a quantity of ballast was thrown The lawn in front of Buckingham House | out, that a quicker motion could be given to it. was enclosed for the purpose of filling, and On passing over Deptford, at a considerable sending up a balloon. At five o'clock a most height, Mr. Sadler went through a cloud which magnificent aerial globe was sufficiently in- | left behind it, on the railing of the car, and on flated, and nearly all the spectators crowded various parts of the balloon, a thick moisture, round the spot. The Queen, some time after, || which soon became frozen; and Mr. Sadler, for came with a party of the nobility who had taken a short time, felt the cold as intense as in winter. an early dinner with her Majesty, to inspect the || Immediately over Woolwich, the string which apparatns by which it was filling. Her Majesty fastened the net, as was apprehended, suddenly was attended by the Duke of Wellington, Lord | broke, and the main body of the balloon was Liverpool, Lord Castlereagh, Lord Rivers, Lord forced quickly through the aperture, nearly Burghersh, Lord Buckinghamshire, the Marquis eighteen feet. Mr. Sadler, to prevent the danger Wellesley, the Princesses, and several Peeresses. which threatened him, caught the pipe at the The noblemen all wore the full-dress Windsor bottom of the balloon, and by hanging on it and uniform. Having returned to the house, her the valve line, he prevented the balloon from Majesty took her station with the Princesses at farther escaping, The valve, which had for the centre window. On the lawn, within the some time resisted every attempt to open it, ir railing, seats were placed for the nobility, many consequence of being frozen, at this time gave of whom were there. About six o'clock the car way, and suffered the gas to escape. A sudden was brought to the balloon, to be fastened to the
shift of wind, whilst the balloon was apparently cords of the netting. It was remarkably neat, | falling into the middle of the Thames at Sea being formed of crimson silk, with yellow fancy Reach, carried it about 100 yards over the marshes ornaments, a rose-colour canopy and flags, bear. on the Essex side, when the aeronaut seized the ing appropriate labels. Just before the balloon opportunity of making a gash in the balloon with ascended, guns in Hyde-park announced the at his kuife, which the wind considerably widened, tack of the supposed enemy's fleet in the Serpen- and occasioned the escape of the gas in great tine, and a vast vumber left Constitution Hill quantities. Mr. Sadler's descent on this account and the Green Park in consequence.
was rather more precipitate and violent than be Notwithstanding the favourable weather in could have wished. He landed, however, in which Mr. Sadler, jun. ascended from St. James's | Muckiny Marshes, sixteen miles below Graves Park on Monday the įst of August, he encoun- end, on the Essex coast, without sustaining any tered more danger than any recent aerial traveller other injury than a slight sprain, in about forty whom we recollect. Though the balloon was minutes after his departure from the Park, A ready to aseend about six o'clock, its fight was " fisherman of the name of Mansbridge, fearing
that the balloon might fall into the Thames, fol., works were intended to commence, the public lowed its course as nearly as he could with his anxiety was relieved by the sound of the cannon boat, to afford any assistance in his power. in Hyde Park. The effect was most pleasing,
Mr. Sadler, jun. arrived on Tuesday morning not only from the rapidity of each echoing roar, August 2d, a little before three o'clock, at the succeeding to another, so as to produce upon the Queen's Palace, in a post chaise and four. He car the liveliest sensations of the hour of battle, brought with him his balloon in the chaise, and but from the associations which the occasion exhad his car fastened on the roof. Tbe arrange cited in every breast. The naval heroes of Eng. ments connected with all the balloons exbibited || land instantly became the topic of conversation on ths įst of August, were under the superintend- | in every circle, and their share in the splendid ance of Mr. Gyles, the master-cooper of the Royal | and happy occasion then celebrating was acknow. Laboratory, and did that gentleman great credit. || ledged with gratitude and with glory. About
Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte of ten o'clock, the Chinese bridge was completely Wales was kindly invited to partake of the Ju- | lighted up. Imagination cannot conceive an bilee Fete, which she, however, declined, giving object more splendid and magnificent. The the preference to the association of ber Royal | bridge, pillars, pagoda, &c. (were so completely aunts at Windsor, whose indisposition prevent- || lighted as to appear a structure of flaming gold. ed them also from being present on the joyous | The water beneath, reflecting the light of the occasion.
bridge as well as of the stars and crescents on
each side, and agitated by a thousand dashing ILLUMINATIONS.
oars, presented an appearance which it is juAt eight o'clock they began to illuminate the possible to describe for variety and grandeur. Pagoda and Chinese bridge. It is scarcely pos- The temple was illuminated so as to appear a sible to give a just description of the effulgence | fortress, and to that quarter all eyes were instan. produced by this magnificent structure. All that | taneously directed by the discharge of cannon, we have read or seen, with respect to brilliancy, || wbich was understood to announce the comfalls very short indeed of these luminous objects. || mencement of the fire-works. The public ex. The two grand pillars, forming the ascent to pectation was wrought to the highest pitch, and the bridge, were crowned by suns, displaying in even exceeded by the result. It is impossible to the centre G. P. R.
give even a remote idea of the effect produced by The rail-way formed in the Chinese mode was
the firing of guns in rapid succession against the admirably expressed. Each division was mark- temple, then presenting the appearance of a fored by lamps with great accuracy. Stone work tress, and the ascent of globes of fire, some burst on the side of the bridge was admirably made ing into the air in a thousand stars, and some out by rows of lamps. Un each side of the arch | rising in the most perfect brilliancy, all instana grand star was raised on a pedestal, with a
taneously proceeding from the Chinese bridge Jozenge, which produced a most dazzling bril- || and the temple. The arrangement and variety liancy. The top was adorned with stars that
of the fire-works were truly admirable. added to the beanty of the whole. The lights on moment rockets rapidly pursued each other, and the right and left of the canal produced a grand burst at such an extraordinary height in the air, display of brilliancy.
that, in some instances, the explosion was scarce. THE NAVAL ARCHWAY.
ly heard. Again there appeared copious and
magnificent clusters of rockets, stunning the ear This embellishment, which formed a bridge with rapid and irregular explosions, varying in from the lawn of the Queen's House to the
colour and in splendour, and intersecting each Green Park, was a tribute to our gallant officers other in numberless irregular lines. in the nary. The names of “Howe, Duncan,
Each of the Congreve rockets contains in itself St. Vincent, Collingwood, Broke, Sanmarez, a world of smaller rockets : as soon as it is dis. Exmouth,” &c. were displayed in large letters, || charged from the gun, it Lursts and flings aloft with chaplets of laurel. It was, on the whole, a into the air innumerable parcels of flaine, brilmost brilliant design.
liant as the brightest stars: the whole atmosphere The mall of the Park was illuminated with
is illuminated by the delicate blue light, which Chinese lanterns, ornamented with picturesque | threw an air of enchantment over the trees and and grotesque devices, and every tree had va.
lawns, and made even the motley groups of uni. riegated lights intermingled with its foliage. || versal London become interesting as an assembly Bands of music were stationed at various dis..
in romance, These several smaller rockets then tances, and spaces were provided on different
burst again, aud a shower of fiery light descends parts of the lawn; but, as we before observed, || to the earth, and extends over many yards. they were but few in number.
That sort of fire-work called the girandole was
very frequently displayed, in different colours, FIRE-WORKS.
and was decidedly the most beautiful of the Whilst the illuminations were in progress, whole. Nothing of the kind could be imagined and the spectators in anxious expectation of finer, the approaching hour when the grand fire The spectators were equally astonished and de.